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A.  Vocational 
3«  Aesthetic 

c.  Painting  and  Sculpture 

"-  ■"  '*   -■^^-^■^-i*  ■  • 

II  A  3  C  J3WIoH 

The  Sentinel.  Jan.  29.  1915.  t^^ "  f^U.    rp-^j  1077s 

LOUIS  Rimaj's  paihtings  on  shhibition 

Another  honor  has  been  conferred  on  Louis  Ritman,  the  young  Chicago  artist 
whose  picture  was  among  those  selected  for  purchase  by  the  Friends  of  i^erican 


HaiTington  Mann,  celebrated  English  portrait  artist,  visited  a  studio  where 
Hitman's  pictures  were  on  exhibition.  He  exp^ressed  admiration  for  them,  and 
invited  Ritman  to  send  three  tp  next  season's  exhibition  of  the  Society  of 
Artists,  Sculptors  and  Sngravers  in  London. 

Arrangements  are  bing  made  to  set  aside  a  room  in  the  Art  Institute  for  an 
exhibition  of  Hitman's  paintings  beginning  February  2. 

II  A  3  e  JEWISH   "^ 

Chicago  Trllwine,  Sept.  20,  1937.  -^ 


Scixlptor  H*  H,  Parks  of  1843  Uiehigan  Avenue  has  Just  finished  a  Paris  plaster  model  -^ 
of  a  statue  of  Uiehael  Beese,  to  be  erected  next  spring  on  the  walk  leading  to  the    \ 
Michael  Reese  Hospital  on  the  lake  front,  near  Twenty-nineth  Street.  Joseph  Bosen- 
berg,  who  lired  in  San  Francisco »  a  son  of  Jacob  Bosenberg  of  1626  Michigan  Avenuot 
was  a  nephew  of  Michael  Beese  8uid  in  his  will  provided  that  $10^000  of  his  noaey 
should  be  paid  for  a  statue  of  his  uncle t  to  be  placed  in  the  hospital  grounds*  The 
executors  gave  the  cofflmission  to  Mr*  Parks,  who  has  designed  a  standing  figure  of 
Michael  Beese  eight  feet  high*  The  statue  is  to  be  of  bronze,  cast  in  Chicago  or  in 
Borne*  The  simplicity  of  the  life  of  Mr*  Beese  is  copied  in  the  plaster  figure*  The 
dress  is  simple,  the  folds  of  the  frock  coat  being  carelessly  drawn  back,  the  right 
hand  resting  on  the  hips  and  the  left  foot  thrown  forward*  In  making  the  model  Mr# 
Parks  was  guided  by  a  photograph  of  Mr*  Beese  taken  about  five  years  before  his  death* 
The  bronse  figure  will  rest  on  a  pedestal  of  Bovano  granite,  from  Italy,  twelve  feet 
high  and  sixteen  feet  square*  The  bronze  statue  will  cost  about  $7^000* 


■•,.  ,.V 

II  A  3  c 



The  Reform  Advocate,   Wlc.   of  May  7,    IS?-!,   Vol.    73,  t).U21. 

The  ejinual  exhibit  of  the  works  of  Chicap-o  Jewish  artists  rill  he  on  dis-  5     '  -^ 

play  at  the  Culture   Cluh  Center,    75  W.   Rajidolph  street,   from  Hay  7  to  12» 

There   are  forty-two   rrtists  represented  this  yerr.      It  is  the   largest  exhibit    i^ 
ever  undertaken  and  sioonsored  by  the  Jewish  7/omen's  Art  Club,      i'roin  r>  general 
art  viewpoint ,    the  character  of   the  paintings  is  on  a  very  high  ^n^  unique 
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II  A  3  o 

JEWISH     i^i 

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The  Reform  Advocate ^  Volume  71;  V/eek  of  June  Ze^    1926*... I^age  741, 

Aaron  Lebedinskyt  seventeen  years  old  Jewish  boytwho  came  to  America  from  ^ 
Russia  three  years  agOt  enjoys  the  distinction  of  being  the  only  public  school 
pupil  ever  awarded  a  scholarship  to  the  Art  Institute^ 

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II  A  3  c 



Chicago  Hetrew  Institute  Observer,  June  S,  I926. 


From  June  5  to  Jxine  lU,  Chic8>^o  will  have  the  unusual  opportunity  of  view- 
ing the  famous  Palestine  Exhibit  of  Arts  and  Crafts  assembled  \inder  the 
personal  direction  of  Dr.  Boris  Shartz,  Director  of  the  Berzalel  School 
of  Palestine. 

The  Exhibit  was  shown  in  England,  France,  and  Cermany  before  it  was  brought 
to  the  United  States.  Paintings,  sculpture,  rugs,  metal  works,  ivories, 
bronzes,  reliefs  and  plaques,  illustrated  books,  embroideries  decorated 
titles,  etc.,  will  be  exhibited. 




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JE^.n  SH 

The   Forward.    November  26.    1923.  ^^P^'  ('i-U  PROJ. 302^5 



'      -      .  .    HER  NE\7  INVENTION 

t:':^"*^:-.  u  -'■:   .-.     ■■.•  -  ■  ■"     .    •  ■by 

,.:    -  "      -  U,  Tolohin. 


^:'..  >^i;,xjJ^ 

A  Je^vish  woman  of  Chicago,  a  mother  of  two  grown  children,  is  now  "being 
admired  by  the  greatest  sculptors  of  the  land  for  her  wonderful  achievement* 


Mrs#  Elizabeth  Nathanson,  who  Is  widely  known  in  many  art  circles  of  Chicago, 

as  a  greet  critic  e.nd  lover  of  art,  has  perfected  the  art  of  sculpture  by 

inventing  a  natural  mask,  revealing  the  exact  features  of  a  person  accurate- 

v.-.^/\;v;^  1.  ly  and  permanently* 


She  practiced  on  n^  r  own  daughter,  Pauline,  who  acted  as  her  mother's  model*  .  . 
':!^^MM-   ^rs.  Nathanson  brought  plester  and  other  necessary  materials  and  began  working 
with  trembling  hands  on  the  beautiful  face  of  her  daughter^   And  after  apply- 

-  5 






i  ing  her  entire  knowledge  thereto,  the  mask  was  made* 

1 ; 








The   Foil's. rd.    November  26,    1923. 


WFA  (ILL,)  PROJ.  30275 

At  first,  famous  sculptors  of  Chicago,  were  astonished  by  the  work  of  Mrs. 
Mathanson.   It  later  beceme  very  popular  among  the  wealthy  class.   Beginning 
with  Ue.yor   Dever  and  ending  with  the  multi-millionaire,  Harold  McCormick,  and 

his  v/ife,  (Mrs»)  Ganna  -Tolska.*.*. everybody  €oon  began  to  desire  to  have 

masks  made  by  UrSm    Nethanson. 

However,  the  Jevdsh  sculptress  ignores  everything.   It  is  too  dear  to  her  for 
commercial  purposes.   She  views  it  only  from  an  artistic  stand  point* 

.  I  ■ 

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. -^SU.^.'..   A*lzJO. 


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II  A  5  0  JEWISH 

Ibrsiard,  May  1,  1923.  ....  ,,j^..  .  pj^Qj  3^2;^ 


A  Jewish  art  exhibition  -  the  pictures  of  the  famous  Jewish  artist,  Satil  Raskin, 
airranged  by  the  Women's  Art  Club — branch  of  the  Culture  League;  every  day  and 
night  until  Sunday,  May  6,  at  the  National  Socialist  Institute. 

Wednesday  ni^t  at  8  a  lecture  at  the  exhibition:  a  lecture  by  Saul  Raskin. 
Subject:  Where  to  Look  and  Understand  Art.  Admission  Free. 

II  A  3  c  JEYiriSE 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Jiine  9,  1919, 


As  is  knovm  to  the  readers  of  the  Courier >  two  pictures  in  I«ir.  Block's 
recent  exhibit  at  Chicago's  Arts  Club  were  interesting  and  impressive 
portraits  of  Jev/ish  types:  "The  V/riter,"  and  "The  Psalm  Singer." 

Besides  two  non-Jewish  art  connoisseurs,  there  were  many  amateur 
judges  present.  Of  his  masterpieces,  the  Jewish  painter  Block  said, 
"that  he  hoped  they  might  land  in  Jev/ish  hands." 

Last  week  L'r.  3.   B.  Komaiko  imspected  the  two  pictures  and  bought  them. 

We  hear  that  Kr.  Komaiko  also  wishes  to  obtain  a  third  picture  of  liir. 
Block's  known  under  the  title  of  "The  Soul  of  a  Violin,"  or  "The 
Transmigration  of  a  Llelody." 

II  A  5  C 
I  V 


Dally  Jewish  Courier,  May  8,  1919 


By  Dr.  A.  luargolln 

To  the  usual  patron  and  observer,  the  young  Jeivlsh  painter,  I.  Mortimer 
Block,  whose  pictures  are  being  exhibited  at  Chicago *s  Art  Club,  casts 
a  reflection  throughout  the  whole  riotous  gallery  of  symbolic  works 
and  his  portraits  catch  the  eye  like  a  red  thread,  the  exoteric,  diaspora 
characteristic  of  the  artistes  conception. 

IfThichever,  embroidered  phantasy  of  Mr.  Block*  s  many  hued  collections 
you  may  Inspect,  whether  the  exotic  nature  studies  or  his  oripiinal 
monotypes,  you  notice  almost  everywhere  a  finely  colored  fantastic 


II  A  5  C  *  -  2  -  JSVJISH 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  May  8,  1919 

veil,  or  troubled  heavens,  lone  and  colorful  tremors,  or  ireful 

clouds  reflecting  a  melancholy  and  hellish  atmosphere,  all  of  which  are 

molded  into  his  landscapes  or  figures—all  colorfully  tragic. 

Block's  brush  although  free  and  easy,  is  also  very  bold  and  audacious 
in  color  application*  The  artist  is  not  ultra-modern  but  very  rich 
in  originality  and  decorative  technique. 

The  impressions  of  his  v;ar  pictures  are  not  expressed  in  forms  of  fiery 
envisioned  horrors  or  in  gigantic  destructive  processions,  but  in  quiet 
touching  sorrow,  in  silent  yet  unfailing  influence  of  tears,  helplessness 
and  love  throes*  imd,  therefore,  the  principal  figure  of  Block's  war 
images  is  -woman,;  rather  than  the  fighting  soldier. 

II  A  5  C  -  3  -  JSn'.lSE 


Dally  Jewish  Courier.  Ivlay  8,  1919 

Woman  is  the  symbol  of  love  and  siiffering,  the  most  favorable  object 
'of  the  artist's  diaspora  inspirations. 

Block's  "War  Bride,"  is  a  dreamy  Lladonna  vath  a  naked  baby  in  her 
ariiS,  Both  faces  radiate  with  holy  naivety,  appealing  even  to  the  coldest 
"hearts.  On  both  sides  of  the  "V/ar  Bride,"  v.^atch  tv/o  black  robed  figures 
of  nuns.  One,  bent,  expressing  affliction  and  v/retchedness,  the  other, 
pride  ^nd  courage.  There  is  no  trace  of  a  smile  on  the  entire  picture, 
not  even  an  illuminating  line. 

"The  Dead  City,"  displays  a  vxDman  in  black,  a  type  of  chaste  v/oman 
who  stands  among  the  ruins  of  a  former  rioviering  country,  mourning 
and  praying,  iui  atmosphere  of  despair  and  darkness.  On  the  very  top, 
peering  out  of  the  thin  veil  is  a  ray  of  light,  hardly  visible.  The 
eye  retains  only  the  darkness  and  tragedy. 


1  >  . 

II  A  5  C 

-  4- 


Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  Liay  8,   1919 


To  Eternal  Hope,"  reveals  a  decorative  symbolic  scene  of  lifers 
do\mfall.  Above,  a  red  heaven,  the  sxin  setting  forever •  Beneath, 
between  tvro  dense  forests,  in  the  darkness  on  a  quiet  stream  a 
soldier  hurries  his  canoe  containing  a  fallen  hero  in  the  black  portals 
of  death. 

Blft3k*s  allegorical  fantasies  are  also  molded  from  the  artist's  diaspora 
psychology;  of  torment  and  sorrov;,  of  dramatic  effects  and  sentiments 
of  pity. 

"The  Fiddler,"  or  more  exact  "The  Transmission  of  the  Fiddle," 
portrays  an  old  man  v/ho  sits  as  if  glued  a  lifetime  to  the  same  stool, 
absorbing  the  tones  of  his  beloved  instrument.  The  floor  and  everything 
around  him  is  in  a  state  of  decay,  the  earth  has  grown  up  around  it. 
You  seem  to  see  the  man,  his  fiddle,  and  stool  become  an  integration 
that  continues  forever.  The  man  playing  his  instrument  until  the 
ground  itself  "swallows"  them.  Eow  beautiful  and  impressive. 


II  A  5  C  -  5  -  JEV/ISE 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  ISaj  8,  1919 

The  lyric  heights  of  Block* s  artistic  imagination  does  not  gleam 
from  his  physical  or  symbolical  figures.  His  crea.tive  powers,  his 
soul,  his  individuality,  the  young  artist  encases  in  his  Jev/ish  penal 
works,  where  the  diaspora  characteristics  of  his  corporealistic 
imagination  and  monotypes  have  proven  to  be  exceptionally  prominent, 
rich,  decorative,  rhythmically  formed,  and  above  all  original. 

Block's  ^Diaspora,"  is  not  a  procession  of  bent,  v/andering  beggars 
with  staffs,  but  an  old,  dreaming  Jewish  shoemaker,  deep  in  thought,  a 
partriarchal  type  wearing  a  skull-cap.  He  jsits^  all  alone  on  the  i^tBps 
of  his  shop,  shouldering  the  yoke  of  his  struggle  for  the  right  to 

The  entire  diaspora  imprints,  the  compassion  of  his  nation  lies  on  his 
glorious  oriental  face,  his  forehead's  wrinkles,  the  deep  longing  eyes, 

II  v  5  c  -  6  -  jl:.jjh 


Daily  Jev.'iGli  Courier,  Lay  C,  1919 

and  too,  in  iiic  shadov^. 

Block's   "Jternal   . Wanderer,''   is  the  antithesis  of  his  paintin.:*  the 
^Mussian  Fanatic''    (I"^asputin)  •     Those  tv'o   s^Tiholic  heads  5;re,    in  their 
central  lino,    in  riiytliri,   and   in  outor  i'*ori7i,    siLular.      The  fanatic 
unites,    in  his   -i-lancos,    r>orious:ies3  -..itii  viclcednes.'v,   roli::iouG  fervor 
v;ith  prophetic  torror, 

"The  Jternal    .anderer,"   is  a  patriarchal  beauty,     his  snooth  bright 
forehead  and  nild  loncinc  and  sorrov.l*ul  eyes  eyrovess  sufferin£;;,   ani-ziety, 
^reat  courap:e  and  forg-ivenes..;.     Hot  a   single  vTiTLVlo  on  tlic  old 
rabbinical  forehead.      Is  this  a  rytiiiiic   error?     No.      It  is   the  iron 
strength  of  the  diaspora  Jer.l 


The  Scribe,"   is  encrossed  in  his  parclu'ient ,   his  holy  task,   before  him 
on  the  vvooden  table.      "T}.:e  Jewish  Nature  .irtist,"  v/ith  his  free  thought, 
naive,    satisfied  look;    the   s^niibolic  acconpan^'ing  v.'or.ian's  head  and  the 

II  A  5  C  -  7  -  jaVISH 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  May  8,  1919 

background^  the  old  "Diligent  l^Ian,'*  (picture  26)  fettered  to  his 
table  near  his  beloved  book;  all  are  alike  clothed  and  shrouded  in 
diaspora  impressionistic  strokes  with  a  Jewish  charm,  form,  and 
rhythm  in  the  personification,  the  background  are  in  light  and  shadow^ 

The  Jewish  ix^rtraits,  roses  of  Block's  imaginative  garden,  are 

In  **Madam  Kolish,"  we  recognize  immediately  the  noted,  ethereal, 
yearning,  aristocratic  daughter  of  Zion,  in  a  rich  colorful  background 
of  oriental  symbolism  depicting  the  historical  destruction  of  Palestine. 

The  background  and  all  its  figures,  are  woven  around  the  actress  in  a 
reddish-white,  strongly  visioned  stage  of  nature. 

The  picture  "Moon  Shine,"  is  the  portrait  of  a  young  Jewish  dramatic 
actress  in  a  New  York  theater. 

II  A  3  C  -  8  -  J5r;JISH 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  May  8,  1919 

You  see  a  being  vdth  wild  flying  hair  and  dramatic  features.  From 
the  left  eye  falls  a  tear.  On  the  face  falls  light  and  shadow  from  the 
moon,  reflecting  on  the  illuminated  picture.  So  much  unhappiness,  so 
much  despair. 

In  the  gallery  there  are  many  more  personal  portraits,  as  that  of 
New  York's  Governor  Smith,  Dr.  S.  M.  Melonid,  Nathan  Yud,  and  others. 

The  English  press  points  to  ou:  young  Jewish  artist  as  a  new  light  in 
the  field  of  American  painters.  For  us  Jews,  Block  is  a  new  modem 
diaspora  artist,  v;hose  original  creations  we  welcome  with  pride, 
although  the  yoimg  master  has  not  yet  found  his  path,  his  "soul's  home." 



II  A  5  c 

I  C 


Dally  Jewish  Courier,  Feb.  13,  1914« 



The  Chicago  Jewry  Is  now  ruled  by  a  holiday  spirits  From  Jerusalem,  the 
country  for  which  the  soul  covets  and  longs,  friendly  and  hearty  greetings 
came  In  the  form  of  the  exhibit  of  the  Bezalel's  antiques,  and  every  Jew, 
man  or  woman,  attired  In  holiday  raiment,  goes  to  see  it  and  admire  the 
fine  artistic  work  the  Bezalel  Palestine's  Art  School^  creates  for  the 
Jewish  people. 

It  is  a  beautiful  holiday  filling  us  with  hope  and  comfort •  The  Bezalel, 
with  its  exhibits,  reminds  the  Jej?s  living  in  Diaspora  that  the  Jewish 
spirit  is  awakening  to  new  life,  that  there,  in  Jerusalem,  dwell  Jewish 
artists  creating  art  that  will  kindle  the  light  of  Jewish  national  raainis- 
cence. . 

II  A  5  c  -  2  -  JEV/ISH 

I  C  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Feb,  13,  1914* 

And  if  there  are  still  people  who  believe  that  the  Jev/s  have  no  art  where- 
by to  express  their  characteristics  and  culture,  let  them  visit  the  Bezalel 
athibit  and  see  what  the  Jei^;ish  intellect  can  create  and  how  far  aesthetic 
art  has  advanced  among  the  Jews. 

The  holiday  of  the  Bezalel  Exhibit,  becomes  even  more  exalted  to  us  when 
we  consider  the  twofold  practical  value  of  it.  Everybody  now  has  the 
opportunity  to  bring  home  an  embellishment  which  will  beautify  it,  giving 
it  a  typically  Jewish  appearance  that  will  always  keep  him  in  close  con- 
tact with  the  Jewish  art  temple,  and  which  shall  portray  to  his  children 
the  aesthetics  in  vdiich  the  Jews  are  engaged. 

The  second  value  is  «ven  more  important,  in  that  this  exhibit  demonstrates 
that  Bezalel  is  not  a  dreeun,  that  Professor  Shatz's  (the  founder)  idea  of  a 
Jewish  art  temple  is  now  a  reality,  a  fact  which  goads  us  forward  to  do 
everything  within  our  means  to  help  the  Bezalel  School  stand  on  a  higher 
nlane  and  on  firmer  foundations. 

II  A  5  c 

I  C 

-  3  - 

Daily  Jewish  Courier >   Feb.   13,   1914 


The  holiday  of  the  Bezcdel  Exhibit  in  Chicago  has  proved  tliat  all  Jews 
regardless  of  personal  convictions,  give  the  exhibit  such  a  character  as 
will  make  Professor  Shatz  deeply  feel  that  he  is  not  alone,  that  the 
thousands  of  Jews  in  Chicago,  like  the* Jews  of  other  cities  and  countries, 
are  taking  a  warm  and  active  part  in  this  sacred  work;  that  here  in  Chicago 
we  know  how  to  estimate  and  respect  that  which  is  so  significant  to  Jewish 

That  is  why  the  Bezalel  is  so  popular  among  the  Jews  in  Chicago,  Everyone 
considers  it  his  duty  to  attend  and  to  purchase  antiques  from  it. 




..  * 

II A  3  c  JBwisH    \::^ 

The  Sentinel t  Wk.  of  April  18,  1913*  Vols.  9-10,  p*l6.  ^ 

A  farewell  party  was  given  at  the  Ball  House,  Trlday  evening.  In  honor  of  ^^ 
S*  B*  Lender,  the  yoiing  Chicago  artist  who  has  won  so  much  distinction    \jk 
during  the  last  two  years.  He  Is  leaving  the  city  for  a  year's  work  In 

—  A.  ••  •  • 

1  ■ »"     •    -  •    "-  '■.-■.. 

Mr.  Lender  received  his  early  training  In  the  studio  at  Bill  House.  Later 
he  went  to  the  Art  Institute  where  he  was  awarded  the  traveling  scholetr- 
ship.  While  still  a  student,  his  portrait  of  Idward  Tlmmons  was  accepted 
Iqr  the  Chicago  Society  Xxhlbltlon  and  chosen  for  the  continuous  exhibition  " 
at  the  Art  Institute,   ' 

-  ^ 

t:rs'  -.v 

-    . 



■ir^;-..    -^  ■  : 

\:  ..:..•;■:; 


yi^~;     -"      ■  '■ 

<     ■  . 

'          ■**■•» 



\     V 

ik'    .^^H*' 



II  A  3  c 


The  Reform  Advocate >  Vol*  UU,  Wk*  of  Nov.  23,  1912.  p.HjU.        o3 

The  Art  Department  of  the  Chicago  Woman's  Aid  has  placed  on  exhibition  in 
the  parlors  of  Sinai  Social  Center,  a  collection  of  pictures  by  Jerome 
Bloom,  a  young  Chicago  artist. 

......  •  .  '  .    ■  ■      -  V  7   .■ 


The  collection  includes  a  number  of  oil  paintings  and  etchings.  The  ekhibit 
is  open  to  the  public. 

y.  \-:'  s 

\.    >-?■  ■  1 1 

f    ' 

>"'.■-'    ■,  -■    ..  ■■:* 

■  >* 

i^ fc^".  ^'  ■  i»K)  r  J  _^ J?»i. 

.■*■■■<  1 

■  .\' 





]    A    K 

"f,-    ■:   re  r* 

II  A  ?  c 


1   ' 

fhe  Sentinel >  Wk*  of  August  18,  1911*  7ol8»  3-U,  p.2. 


Louie  Bltiian,  a  product  of  Chicago's  West  Side,  has  won  an  enrla'ble  naae 
for  himself  In  Paris  art  circles^  He  came  to  America  with  his  parentSt 
from  Bussla»  about  three  years  ago,  and  studied  lettering  and  decoratlye 
^designs  at  the  Chicago  Acadengr  of  Tine  Arts;  His  talents  attracted  the 
kindly  Interest  of  two  Chicago  artists,  P*  C*  Stohr  and  Behecca  Krutt- 
achrltt*  "Through  their  assistance  he  was  ahle  to  secure  commissions  for 
portraits  and  had  soon  sared  enough  to  study  In  Paris*  Two  of  his  plc«* 
tures,  "She  Toilette,"  and  "Sunll^t"  were  accepted  and  hong  In  the  Salon 
where  they  attracted  conslderahle  attention* 


V.  ^ 


«  y'-  -.■' 

.)'!,.  .;i 

•  '  f' 


;■  "... 

■■;- v-r 

;;.-v^v-'  .^.*.  • 


'.A'i   *•*  \^vr.. 

'  ■  Jf 

.■■■.:     -■  »      .  I-T  . 


II  A  ^  c 



The  Reform  Advocr-^te,  Vol.  Ul,  Wk.  of  Jjine  2U,  ISll,  P.S3I. 

The  annual  exhioition  of  paintings  "by  the  students  of  the  Art  Institute 
contains  many  canvasses  hy  Jewish  students  whtch  occupy  prominent  places* 
ATiong  the  finest  are  counted  the  paintings  of  Sar.  Ostrof  sl:y, .  Jacoh  Richard, 
Sam  Linder  end  Weisenher^,   The  last  three  are  portrait  painters  in  oil  snd 
Ostrofslcy  is  a  masterful  figure  painter. 


f  :'   » 

^^^,;.^^?.  '■f.^ 

U4' v-'  ■*^-'  A- 

>«,■  ■.■•»  i-- 

iijft  .•; 

II  A  3  c 


The  Reform  Advocate.  Vol.  27,  Wk,  of  Apr,  2,190U,  p.  136 

Harry  Penkowsky  of  the  Class  of  IS95  of  the  Jewish  Training  School,  has 
*  captured  the  competitive  prize  offered  by  the  Julien  School  of  Paris  for  the 
"best  drawirig  from  a  live  model.    In  addition  to  the  money  received,  he  will 
"be  given  the  benefit  of  criticism  of  the  picture  from  the  Paris  artists.  Artists 
as  well  as  students  were  allowed  to  compete  and  about  300  were  in  the  race. 


i      - 

..  '-'." 

A.  Vocational 
3,  Aesthetic 
d«  Theatrical 
(1)  Drama 


— -^r- 




>1  <>i*- 




■•'  "^-J 






^  -■  *.'■ 


y  • 





*:•-*■  -v>v. 

:;^>;-'  ^^r^^- 

.•id^&~  -..AtiLJfcaAcs*. 


■A  .-.,<^^.W  .<J-J^^ 

II  A  3  d  (1)  JSiaSR 

Forward,  Apr.  24,  1931.        ''^'''^-  ^''-t.)  FROj.  :i()276 


Llaurlce  Schwartz,  director  and  actor  of  the  iirt   Theatre  of  llevi  York,  made 
a  big  hit  in  Chicago. 

In  spite  of  bad  conditions,  the  Art  Troupe  performed  to  crowded  houses. 

The  financial  success  v/as  equally  as  great  as  the  moral  one. 

Mr.  Schwartz  played  here  Scholora  ilsh's  beautiful  drama,  ^ncle  'Moses,**  ^'The 
Man  with  the  Portfolio,"  "Bloody  Laughter,"  and  Leon  Cobrin's  "Riverside 
Drive,"  a  very  impressive  drama  of  Jewish  Life  in  i^erica. 

\ix.   Schwartz  and  his  troupe  were  received  with  great  enthusiasm  by  Chicago 
Jewish  theater  lovers •  It  shows  that  art  lovers  were  very  thirsty  for  better 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  2  -  Jg/aSH 

Forward^  Apr.  24,   1931.  -'^'^ 'l^*-L,.:  PROj. 30275 

plays  and  better  acting. 

llr.  Schwartz  and  his  company  were  very  pleased  with  the  hearty  ovations  and 
applause  received  from  the  Chicago  public. 

After  llr.  Schwartzes  departure  from  Chicago,  the  famous  Jewish  comedienne, 
Molli  Picon,  and  her  company  will  be  the  guest  artists  for  only  five  per- 

II  A  S  d  (1) 


Forward,  Apr*  21,   1931. 


Abe  Cohan  ,  editor  of  the  Jewish  Forwards  has  written  a  very  enthusiastic 
and  inspiring  recension  about  the  '^Man  i<Vith  the  Portfolio." 

It  is  perhaps  the  first  Jewish  play  to  make  a  tremendous  hit  in  Soviet 

The  action  takes  place  in  the  Soviet  union,  and  portrays  very  vividly  the 
life  in  present  Russia. 

Mr.  Cohan  writes: 

7There  were  monents  in  v;hich  the  enthusiasm  waxed  so  high  that  the  people 
almost  jumped  from  their  seats,  as  if  the  whole  building  would  crash  as  a 
result  of  the  unexpected  surprises  and  thrills. 

WPA  (ILL)  rR0J:3C275 

«  2  -  JB^VISH 

Forward,  Apr.  21,  1931 • 

In  the  third  act,  when  Granatov  delivers  his  speech,  Mr,  Schwarts  reaches 
the  highest  stage  of  dramatic  art.  He  is  simply  brilliant  in  that  part. 
Miss  Stella  Adler  is  also  very  unusual  in  her  role.  l!adaine  Appel  was 
superb  in  her  part;  she  simply  bewitched  the  audience  with  her  charm  and 

On  the  whole  the  play  was  interesting  and  worthwhile  in  every  respect. 

Mr.  Cohan  is  recommending  every  Jew  in  Chicago  not  to  fail  to  see  this 
extraordinary  production,  "The  Man  With  the  Portfolio." 


lU  :^0:,3C275 

II  A  5  d  (1) 

Fon'jard,  Apr.  14,  1931  • 

WPA  (ILL)  ^RGJ.  30275 

V/elcome  Morris  Schwarts  V/ith  Great  Enthusiasm 

•'  Chicago  Jewish  Theater  lovers  were  in  a  very  good  mood  yesterday  evening 
when  they  gave  a  hearty  and  stormy  reception  to  Mr.  Lbrris  Schwarts  and  his 
artistic  trouT)e. 

'  Schv;arts  and  his  art  company  played  Sholom  Ash's  play,  "Uncle  Moses." 

"Uncle  Moses"  is  a  comedy  of  Jev/ish  life  in  i\merica.  It  is  highly  dramatic 
^  and  exceedingly  romantic.  iilxGuisite  folk  scenes  of  the  life  of  Jewish  v/orkers 
are  beautifully  depicted  by  the  players. 

The  public  has  accepted  this  drama  with  much  excitement. 

"Uncle  Moses"  will  be  played  Saturday  and  Sunday. 

II  A  3  d  (1)  JIflSH 

"  ^  ^  *  ^^^  WPA(iLL)PROJ.  30275 

Fonrardt  Mar.  22,   1931. 


Jewish  writers  in  Aaerica  baT6  for  a  long  time  cherished  the  idea  of  coinpiliog 
a  Jewish  Theater  Lexicon*  It  was  felt  that  the  Jewish  actor  iriio  is  participating 
in  the  creation  of  Jewish  culture  in  Aperica^  should  have  his  naae  perpetuated 
in  a  hook  in  order  that  one  might  know  who   he  was^  what  he  had  accoiipli  shedf 
what  brought  him  to  the  Jewish  stage  and  what  he  had  contril^uted  to  the  derelop-* 
ment  of  the  Jewish  theater  in  general. 

HoweTer*  those  who  atteaipted  to  write  the  lexicon  were  confronted  with  all  sorts 
of  difficulties*  In  order  to  accomplish  the  task  it  is  absolutely  necessary  for 
the  writer  to  possess  unusual  energjTt  patiencot  and  the  persistence  of  a  real 
idealist*  He  most  haye  confidence  in  himself  and  he  able  to  perform  everything 
he  undertakes*  Such  a  person  is  Ur*  Zalman  Silversweigt  the  author  and  editor 
of  the  Yiddish  Theater  Lexicon* 

Mr.   SilTsrsweig  worked  for  more  than  ten  years  on  the  compiling  of  the  lexicon* 
He  gathered  material  not  only  from  old  archives  in  libraries  but  from  personal 
friends  among  actors  and  friends  of  actors*  He  traveled  in  almost  every  country 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  2  -  JBflSH 

II  B  2  d  (3) 

•e. ..  \n.kiy  PRCJ.  30275 

Torward,  Mar*  22»  1931. 


of  the  world  irtiere  Jewish  drafflas  are  played*  Ererynhere  he  went  lb*«  Silver* 
zwelg  gathered  inforaationt  not  only  concerning  real  stars  but  about  mediocre 
actors*  To  hia  the  actors  were  not  alone  iniportant  but  also  the  iriiole  structure 
of  the  theater* 

We  snist  praise  hia  for  accoaqplishing  such  a  remarkable  piece  of  work*  The 
first  book  of  the  lexicon  has  Just  been  released  from  the  press*  It  contains 
names  of  actors  and  actresses  froa  A  to  Z*  By  reading  the  first  volume  one  can 
readily  see  the  iaportance  of  this  work  for  those  desiring  to  study  or  to  get 
information  on  the  history  of  the  Yiddish  theater^  as  well  as  for  those  who 
interest  themselves  in  the  Jewish  theater  in  general* 

Anyone  who  has  ever  written  about  the  Jewish  theater,  or  its  actorst  knows  very 
well  how  difficult  it  is  to  gather  information  on  this  subject*  We  lack  data 
about  the  Jewish  theater;  the  information  is  buried  in  private  archives  where 
nobody  is  able  to  get  at  it^  and  much  inforaation  is  lost;  there  are  no  biblio* 
graphical  notes*  But  this  problea  has  finally  been  solved  by  Ur.   Silversweig* 

Should  one  want  to  write  a  more  extensive  biography  about  Jacob  Adler  or  Si^aund 
Uagulesco,  one  will  find  plenty  of  aaterial  and  bibliographical  notes  in  the 

II  A  3  d 
II  B  2  d 

-  3  - 


Terward,  Mar.  23,  1931 

WrA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  3027b 

Jevlth  Lazicon. 

la  othar  nation*  aaeh  a  work  is  not  accoapllshed  by  ona  oaa  Init  by  a  group  9t 
man,  aach  a  apaclallat  in  his  field.  This  (work)  is  almost  like  an  encyclopedia 
and  it  seaas  well-nig^  iaipossible  for  one  person  to  hare  aeeoaqpli shed  such  an 
enormous  task. 

SoBdrous  items  are  included  such  ae  hlstoryt  drama,  literature,  folklore,  science 
and  arte  We  regret  that  this  work  is  of  inferior  quality*  We  must  not  blame 
the  author  for  not  heing  able  to  present  a  more  perfect  work.  On  the  contrary 
we  must  gire  him  credit^  for  after  all  he  was  the  first  one  to  conceire  the  idea 
of  the  lexicon  and  to  achieye  its  goal*  One  obvious  fault  is  the  stress  laid  on 
dates  while  more  important  details  are  omitted,  such  as  the  roles  played  by  the 

Mr*  SilTsrsweig  remarks  in  his  preface  that  he  is  not  a  theater  critic^  that  he 
only  writes  about  the  achievements  of  the  actors  but  is  unable  to  discuss  the 
quality  of  their  acting*  Another  error  made  by  the  author  was  in  allotting  the 
same  space  to  noted  actors  and  to  those  of  minor  standing*  The  editor  of  a 
lexicon  must  be  iorpartial,  but  one  must  recognise  facts  and  extend  to  the  great 
actors  the  deserved  amount  of  attention* 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  4  -  JOTISH 

II  B  2  d  (3) 

WPA  (ILL.)  Pi?CJ.  30276 

Porwafd,  Mar.  22,  1931. 

Tor  Instance,  Tery  Tagaa  infomation  is  given  about  Leon  BlanCt  who  was  Tsry 
well  known*  The  lexicon  only  mentions  where  he  was  bom  and  irtien  he  came  to 
the  Uziited  States^  but  nothing  about  his  contributions  to  the  Yiddifh  stage* 
The  same  may  be  said  about  other  noted  actors  and  actresses*  such  as  Bina 
AbramovitZy  Celia  Adler*  Anna  Appel,  Bertha  Gersteut  etc«  The  question  arisest 
will  readers  in  Surope  get  a  clear  conception  of  our  actors  in  America*  and 
their  relative  importanceT  The  editor  should  take  these  points  into  consideration 
before  the  last  two  books  are  published* 

A  lexicon  is  not  written  in  order  to  satisfy  the  public*  but  has  a  definite 
purpose  --  to  give  facts  about  and  praise  for  those  irtio  earned  it*  Ut.   Silver* 
sweig  has  been  yerj   careful,  in  most  instances,  in  giving  dates*  He  gives  a 
full  list  of  plays,  published  and  unpublished,  indicating  the  time  where  and 
when  each  play  was  performed,  but  occasionally  forgets,  or  perhaps  neglected, 
to  give  the  dates;  which  gives  the  impression  that  it  is  a  haphazard  piece  of 

I  am  only  trying  to  point  out  a  few  errors  made  by  the  author  which  could  have 
been  avoided  very  easily*  I  am  not  trying  to  belittle  the  value*  Mr*  Silver- 
sweig  deserves  mnch  praise  and  recognitiout 

II  A  3  d  (1)  JE7fISH 

Jewish  Forward,  Mar.  6,  1931*       "'^^^  Ol-U  PROJ.  30275 

The  sex  play  "Should  a  «7oman  Deceive?**  made  such  a  big  hit  in  the  Lawndale 
Theater  ).ast  week,  that  it  was  held  over  for  another  week*»*« 

The  Lawndale  Theater  was  crowded*  No  doubt  CChicago  Jewry  was  very 
eager  to  see  a  play  like  this  for  they  never  saw  one  like  it*  They 
have  read  much  about  sex  plays  performed  in  New  York  on  the  Jewish 
stage  and  even  there  such  plays  were  stopped  numerous  times  in  order  not 
to  offend  respectable  citizens* 

This  play  is  not  so  spicy  as  its  name  suggests*  One  recognizes  that  it 
is  a  very  wholesome  drama,  and  there  is  nothing  vulgar  or  burlesque  in 
it*  The  only  thing  that  is  exciting  is  the  heroine's  confiding  of  her 
life  secrets  to  her  best  friend  -  about  her  marriage  8  years  before 
and  about  remaining  childless  as  a  result  of  having  too  many  abortions* 

II  A  ^  d  (1)  -  2  -  JMISH 

Jewish  Forward,  tar.  6,  1931*       "^^  i^'^1^')  PKuj.o&^/i 

The  story  of  this  drama,  written  by  Jacob  Goldin,  tells  of  a  woman, 
happily  married,  but  childless  as  the  result  of  abortions,  whose  husband, 
very  much  in  love  with  her,  yearns  for  a  child.  She  decides  to  go  to 
Florida  for  a  holiday,  telling  her  husband  that  she  is  pregnant,  and 
there  she  adopts  a  baby# 

Her  doctor,  who  is  in  love  with  her,  threatens  to  tell  the  truth  to  her 
husband  unless  she  will  yield  to  him. 

A  year  later  she  herself  tells  her  husband  that  the  baby  is  an  adopted 
one.  At  the  final  curtain,  the  audience  still  does  not  know,  '•Should 
A  Woman  Deceive?** 


The  husband  and  wife  are  still  in  love  with  one  another;  why  then,  does 
he  want  to  leave  home  rather  than  accept  the  adoption  of  the  baby? 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  3  -  JEWISH 

Jewish  Forward,  Mar.  6,  1931.  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.3U^/o 

Why  do  they  not  discuss  their  problems  frankly?  Why  was  he  silent  all 
those  years,  and  why  did  she  not  tell  him  about  her  wholesale  abortions? 

Whan  the  big  scandal  occurs  over  the  affair  with  the  doctor,  the  husband 
accepts  the  adopted  son  as  his  heir*  The  directing  by  Jacob  Cohen  is  up  to 


Although  advertised  in  the  newspapers  as  a  family  drama ,  it  should  be 
classified)  rather,  as  a  melodrama  with  surprises  and  miracles •  The 
leading  role  is  most  exquisitely  played  by  the  well-known  actress, 
Celia  Adler***   The  male  lead  is  played  by  David  Paper*  He  plays  his 
role  artistically,  but  somewhat  too  melodramatically* 

The  third  important  role^  that  of  the  doctor,  is  played  by  Abraham 

il  A  5  d  (1) 



Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Mar.  6,  1923 • 


(In  jiiglish) 

Jacob  Ben  And,  the  well-knovm  Yiddish  and  English  actor,  now  appearing  in 
a  Broadway  theater  in  ;:ew  York  in  a  German  play  imported  here  and  made  a 
hit  with  his  artistic  aid,  is  reported  to  be  on  his  way  to  Chicago  to       ^ 
further  the  cause  of  a  Yiddish  art  theater  in  this  city.  It  is  claimed      C 
that  a  sum  of  i^l50,000  is  to  be  pledged  for  that  cause.   .7e  v/onder  what      5? 
the  idea  is  all  about?  Is  it  a  New  York  idea,  for  which  we  are  to  pledge    £ 
local  contributions,  or  will  this  art  theater  represent  a  Chicago  invest-    ^ 
ment  in  Jewish  art?  If  the  latter,  good  may  be  expected;  we  v^onder  where    ti 
the  money  will  come  from.   Je  do  not  knov;  which  persons  among  our  wealthy 
men  will  show  this  interest  in  art,  nor  do  we  know  who  the  patronizers  of 
good  productions  in  Yiddish  will  be.  Thus  far,  the  better  plays  have  been 
left  in  the  cold  and  the  Jewish  audiences  of  Chicago  have  seen  fit  to 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  2  -  J^^H 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Mar.  6,  1923. 

patronize  plays  of  little  or  positively  no  artistic  merit.  However,  we 
shall  await  developments  and  pray  for  Ben  Ami's  success.  Time,  which  has 
deceived  us  all  so  many  times,  may  deceive  us  yet  another  time. 





• — 





"^1  J 

II  A  3  d   (1)  jmVISH 


Daily  Jewish  Co\irier>  Sept.  1,   1922* 



Dr.   S.  1.:.  IJelamed 

Chicago  is  lucky.  The  actors  in  all  the  Jewish  theaters  located  in  Jewish 
centers  are  on  strike,  and  the  theaters,  therefore,  cannot  open.  In  Chicago 

peace  reigns  between  the  Jewish  actors  and  the  Jewish  theater-ov/ners,  andf  '^ 

therefore,  the  Jev/ish  theater  will  open  its  doors  to  the  public,  v/hereas  the  ^ 

Jev/ish  theaters  in  New  York  are  temporarily  closed.  Llp.  Elias  Glicknian,  -p 

the  ovmer  of  the  largest  Jev/ish  theater  in  Chicago,  is,  of  course,  happy  o 

about  the  situation  and  laughs  at  the  theater  managers  in  New  York.  Had  V^ 

they  adopted  his  policy,  perhaps  they  too  would  be  able  to  open  the  doors  § 
of  their  theaters  today. 

The  Jewish  theater  of  Chicago  is  also  lucky  in  having  obtained  the  services 
of  a  truly  great  artist — Joseph  Shengold.  His  technique  is  varied;  at  one 


II  A  3  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEWISH 


Daily  Je7/ish  Courier,  Sept.  1,  1922. 

moment,  he  makes  one  shudder — at  another,  one's  so\il  is  frightened  and  one 
sees  ghosts  whispering. 

It  is  difficult  to  characterize  the  art  of  Joseph  Shengold  because  it  is 

many-sided.  I  have  seen  him  in  difficult  tragic  roles  v;hich  made  me  cry.  -^ 

I  have  seen  him  in  very  funny  rolas  and  I  nearly  burst  with  laughter.  I  •] 

have  seen  him  play  dramatic  and  melodramatic  roles  v/ith  the  skill  of  a  *^ 

master.  ^ 

Mr.  Shengold  can  also  sing.  He  sings  Jev/ish  melodies  as  powerfully  and      o 

sweetly  as— what  shall  I  say — as  my  friend  Manewich.  It  is  a  pleasure  to 

hear  him  play  and  sing,  I  am  sixre  that  Chicago  will  enjoy  him.  fo 

I  do  not  knov/  v/hether  he  will  enjoy  Chicago.  That  depends  upon  you.  If 
you  believe  that  it  is  better  to  go  to  the  Jewish  theater  to  hear  a  Jewish 
word,  see  Jewish  acting,  listen  to  a  Jewish  song  than  to  sit  home  and  play 



II  A  5  d  (1)  -  s  -  JK:aSE 

Dally  Jev/lsh  Courier^  Sept.  1,  1922. 

poker — then  he  will  surely  enjoy  Chicago.  Otherv/ise,  he  will  curse  the 
day  he  came  to  Chicaco. 


"  1 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

•  ,  ^^^^  Oil)  PROJ.  30275 

Jorward.  May  l6,  1922.  ^^^ 

Palace  Iheatra 

The   first  time  in  12  years  In  Chicago* 

Budolph  Scbildkraat  will  play  seTen  performances  onlyi 

7rlday»  Saturday  and  Sunday  Night 

Saturday—and*- Sonday  Matinee 

Ikele  Magjk 

Monday  Vightl  Schildkraat  as   Tankel  SabsoTits 

Gfod  of  Herenge 

Tuesday  Night  I    farewell  Performance 
Schildkraut  as  Shylock 



II  A  3  d  (1)  JEWISH 

V  B 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30276 

roiwrd,  April  ?Z,    192r2. 

The  Historj^  of  the  Jev/ish  Theater  in  Ohicego,   "by  Yonah  Spivak, 

The  Jewish  theater  of  Chicaii^o  is  ss  old  as  the  Jewish  mi^rration  from  eastern 
Euroi^ean  countries  to  this  city.   It  has  developed  on  the  sanie  "basis  as  the 
Jewish  theater  of  IJew  York,   The  Jewish  theater  of  Chicago  also  hrd  a  pre- 
historic period  leaving  no  posters  or  evidence  of  it. 

The  old  Jewish  inhabitants  of  Chicago  tell  us  that  in  13^2  the  Jewish  theater 
occupied  a  "proninent"  place  in  Jewish  life,  -  in  a  garret  of  the  Turner  Ea,ll 
on  DeVroven  street  neax  Canal.  At  that  time,  all  the  Jewish  stores,  shops, 
Heorew  schools  raid  synagog^ies  were  centered  in  that  neighhorhood.   The  Turner 
Hall  had  catered  mostly  to  weddings  and  dances  and  whenever  it  was  vacant, 
the  Jewish  actors  of  that  time  took  advantage  of  the  opportunity  and  rented 
it  for  a  performance.   The  manager  of  that  company  v-as  I'r,  G-oluhak.  .  Mr,  G-olu- 
"bak's  company  consisted  of  men  only,  "because  women,  of  that  time,  did  not 
have  aaiy  access  to  the  Jewish  stage. 

Page   2 

II  A   3   d   (1) 
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V^?A  (ILL.)  PROJ^  3Q275 

Forward,  April  23,    1922. 

Although   this  was  only  a  prel-:de   to  the   real  perforrriance ,   '^.'hen^   in  DecernlDer 
13S5»   the  curtain  rose  in  Turner  Hall  "before  a  large  audience  of  Jews,   Soris 
Thomashef S'^^,   who  came  from  Hew  Yorl^  with  the  repute  of  a  great  actor, 
appeared.     Boris  Thom?,shef S'<y  was  then  -nanaged  hy  L.    and  Hyman  Ruhenstein. 
The  plays,   Rothchild's  Eio^:raphy  written   oy  Thornashef  sity' s  father,    The   Orphan 
In  Peril,    that  was  pcrfor^-ned  ''oy  the  actor  Pwudolph  l!arks    (who  is  nov'   a  promi- 
nent  law;:,'er  in  Philadelphia)    and  the  Pintele  Yid  hy  Croldfodem,   were   drama- 

But   the  German  proprietor  of  the  Turner  Hall  "became  ohstin^r.te  after  the  first 
five  performences  and  did  not   rent  his  nlace  for  Jewish   theaters  any  more, 
'bec?:^use  of   the  Jews  wai^ting  to   enter  the  hall  "before   the  janitor  opened   the 
doors.  ; 

With  this,   we   close   the  first  chapter  of  t?xe  Jewish  "garret-art"   in  Chicago. 

Page  3 

II  A  3  d   (1) 

V  B 


Forwrd,  April  23,    19-22. 

WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ  30275 

Later  JacoL  Adler  ca^e   to  ChSca^^o  from  London,   v-ith  his  compfjay,    consisting 
of  Madame  Kenny  Liptzin  and  her  hushand,   LIr,    G-old,   Mr,    ShaH'Cman  and  Mr,    Han- 
nah,  who  is  now  practicing  law  in   Chic^co•      i'lr.   Adler  was  financed  hy  a  Chicago 
Jev  na^:ed  Drazdowitz   and  the   first  rjerforrnance  was  fciven  at    "Sam  T,    Jack's 
Opera  Honse"  "between  Dearborn  and  State   streets. 

Under  Aller's  regime   a  new  chapter  of  Je^-ish  a.rt  he-^an  in  Chicaj-^o,     Jack's  Opera- 
House   adopted  the  name   of.  Adlers  Ooera  TTcuse.      But   after  the  first  nerforn^^rice 
which  ^^as  a  great   success,   Madam6  Liptzin  departed  from  Adler  as  a  result   of 
a  quarrel  arid  v^ppeared  under  the  new  management   of  Attorney  Joseph  Epstein,   at    .. 
the   12th  Street   Theater,  .    • 

The  baftle  "between  the   two   stars  caused  a  crtastrophe  and  the   competition  ruined 
"both  theaters  financially,     Adler  paid  little  attention  to  his  financia.1  condi- 
tion and  introduced  as  his  leading^  la(^^  his  wife  Dinah,      In  a  short  ti-ne,   his 
"biisiness  dissolved  and  he  went   t^  ITew  York  and  from  there  hack  to  London. 

Page  k 

II  A  3   d   (1) 
V  B 


Vv?A  (ILL.)  PRO  1. 30275 

Fon^arc>  April  23,    1522. 

In  ISSU  he   returned  to   Chicaijro,   where  he  united  with  Boris  Thomrshef s'g^.      In  the 
month  of   of   that  year  they  played  at   the  Standard  Theater,   Ralsted  and 
ffackson  Blvd.,    together  with  L'p.daTne   Sonya  H^Tiovdtz,   Bessie  Thonf^^shef s^q^,   Madame 
Epstein,   P.    G-lil^on,   11.    H.    Tiplit^lcy,    H.    Harher,    H.    Shanlonan  and  several  others. 

Hyrnan  Ruhenstien  named  the  Standard  Theater,    "Adler's  Opera  ^ouse."     The  huild- 
in^^  ras,   rerhsps,    constructed  in  the  covered  ^."rgon  days,   ?.'hen  the  pioneers  of 
Chicago  entered  it  v:ith  guns  in  order  to  protect   themselves  from  the  Indians. 
It  was  dilapidated,   aJid  its  interior  w^s  particularly/  neglected. 

Boris  Thomashef slcy  and  Adler  were  very  husy  preparing:  for  the   opening  perform- 
ance.     They  decided  to  paint   the   chairs   themselves.      Madame   Thomashef sl<:j^   oought 
the  paint  on  }.!a.xvrell   street  ar.d  they  proceeded  the  process  of  painting  the 
chairs.      Large   throngs  flocked  to   the   theater  that  evening,    filling  the  house 
to   the   corridors.      The   curtain  rose  rrnci  the  first   act  "began.      Suddenly  a  ^oman 
of  the   audience,    attired  in  ^hite,    yelled  out   "\^T  PAIj^T."    Similar  remarks  hy 
the   attendants  were    soon  hea.rd.      This  was   the   climate  of  the  m.elodramr.,    erxd  when 

Page  5 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

Y   B 


Forward,  April  23,  1522.  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ, 30275 

the  curtain  fell,  in  the  midst  of  the  first  act,  snarchy  prevailed  and  the 
police  rere  compelled  to  si^^^cnBl  a  "riot  nail,"  in  fear  of  a  tragic  "wind-up." 

The  Jev^'s  of  Chicago  "boycotted  their  remeining  performances  and  in  a  short^e 
the  existence  of  "Adler's  Opera  House"  ceased. 

The  Lyceum  Theater,  Desplaines  end  Madison,  opened  under  the  mana.gement  of 
Glickman,  on  Fehruar^r  3,  I9OI,  ps  a  permanent  Je^'^'ish  theater,  with  the  following 
stars:  Alice  Rothstein,  Madame  Jsiin:,''   Reinha.rdt,  Mr.  Schneir,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Praaik, 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Morganhesser,  Mr.  Goldherg,  Mr.  Teplitz^^/,  Mr.  David  Shoenholtz, 
Mr.  Michowitz  and  Miss  Sva  Katz:   Later  rere  added  to  the  theater:   Mr.  ajid 
Mrs.  Simon,  Mr.  Oinzherg,  Madame  Danceman,  Mrs.  Lowitz,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Shapiro 
and  Mr.  Hoch stein. 

At  the  first  performance,  Gliclcaan*  s  Lyceum  Theater  proved  to  "be  very  successful. 
All  cla^sses  in  the  Jervish  population  hecame  interested  in  Jewish  plays.   G-liclcmaji's 

Page  6 

II  A  3   d   (1; 
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Porwar^.  April  23.    1922.  WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ. 30275 

Lyceum  Theater  "blossorped  for  three   consecutive  years.     After  tha-t  it   terminated 
as  a  result  of  new  fire  ordinfinces  vrhich  "became  effective. 

In  May  1903f   ^■^^«   Adolph  G-^rtner  c?me   to   Chicago,    as  a  mem'ber  of  the  G-eriTian 
Opera.  Company.      He  immediately  turned   to  Pinchas  Thomashef s'c;)''  who  was  director 
of  a  trou-oe  at   the   12th  Street   Theater.     Mr.    G-artner's  audition  met  with  Thomas- 
hefs^<j^'s  approve!  ajid  Gartner  was  placed  in  the  pl?y  The   Son  of   a  Baron.      The 
company''  refused  to  play  v^ith  him  "because  he  v-^^s  not   a  union  ^nan.      Th.omashef s'^^ 
and  the  union  actors  carried  on  a  -rreat  fight,    and  finally  the  actors  returiied 
to   the   theaLter,     Upon  approaching  the   theater  which  was  loc'red,    they  viewed  a 
si£;:n    (vritten  "by  Thomashef sly)    reading,    "Tonight  will  "be  Dlayed   'Tlie  Closed   The- 
ater'   in  5  acts,   with  a  cast   of  lU  hungry  actors," 

Then  Gartner  took  over  the  mana^^ement  of  t?ie  Apollo  Theater,    at   12th  ajid  Blue 
Island  Ave.,   and  united  with  the   "striking"   actors,   who  played  on  a  percentaf^e 

A  few  years  later   severa.l  small  cornp^riles  "be^f^an  playing  at   the  Pavilion  Theater 

Page  7 

II  A  3  d  (1)  JS^ISH 

V  B 

Forward.  April  21.  15^2.  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ. 30275 

on  Roosevelt  Road  near  Kalsted  street.   This  theater  Wc?s  for  several  years, 
under  the  management  of  !-luni  Weisenfreiind  (no^^-  Paul  Wuni)  and  in  this  theater 
the  great  talent  of  Kluni  was  first  exr^osed.   G-artner/ at  that  time,  managed 
a.  Jewish  theater,  the  lletronolitPn,  snd  when  Weisenfreund  left,  eight  years 
later,  he  too':  over  the  managenient  of  the  Pavilion  Thea,ter.   Then  the  Jev:s 
began  entering  the  Lavndale  district,  poid  he  opened  the  Inde-cendence  Theater, 
Independence  and  Roosevelt  Eoed. 

The  opening  of  the  Palace  Theater,  Blue  Island  and  12th  street,  crea,ted  a 
new  epoch  in  the  history  of  Jewish  theater,  althou;-;h  it  did  not  meet  v/ith 
great  success  at  fir-st.  At  that  time  I'r.  Pollay  or)ened  the  Empire  Theater 
under  his  management.   Ke  directed  it  for  two  seasons  with  great  a.ctors,  hut 
met  with  no  success  and  v/as  forced  to  close. 

Then,  Bernard  Beinstein,  well  known  comedian,  attempted  to  establish  a  second 
Jewish  theater  on  Madison  street  and  Western  avenixe ,  the  Imperial,  but  was 

Pa,T:e  S 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


^  =  Poniard.  April  23.  19?2.  VVFA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

not  successful  enl   the  theater  was  closed  in  the  middle  of  the  season. 

Thus,  the  Palace  Theater  again  reniains  alone  on  the  Jewish  theatrical  field 
in  Chicago. 


II  A  3  d  (1) 

Dally  Jewish  Courier,  Jan.  26,  1922. 


Dr.  S.  31.  Melamed 

Hare  you  ever  heard  a  dead  man  speak,  speak  about  everything,  business ,  war, 
love,  and  even  about  the  other  world?  If  you  have  never  heard  a  dead  man 
speak  and  you  want  to  witness  such  a  miracle,  you  now  have  the  opportunity. 
This  opportunity  Is  given  to  you  at  the  Palace  Theater,  where  they  are  pre^ 
sentlng  Sholom  Asoh^s  newest  plax*  **The  Dead  Han**.  ^ 

Since  the  friends  of  "^literature**  are  always  complaining  that  they  get  too 
little  **llterature**  and  too  much  melodrama,  Ur.  ^llasTGllokman  decided  to 
play  a  trlok  on  th€m;  he  would  give  them  an  opport\mlty  to  see  a  **llterary** 
play,  and  not  Just  any  literary  play,  but  Sholom  Asch^s  **The  Dead  Man**. 
The  author  himself  says  that  it,  ^The  Dead  'Mn , **  will  usher  in  a  new  period 
in  the  Jewish  drama  and  in  the  Jewish  theater-^and  when  a  merchant  says  that 




n  A  3  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEWLSH 


Dally  Jewish  Courier,  Jan*  26,  1922. 

his  merchandise  is  good,  it  certainly  inust  be  good. 

Anyway,  Mr.  Ellas  Gllcknan  has  a  sense  of  humor — otherwise  he  would  not  hare 
presented  this  very  •'literary'^  play  in  his  theater.  Well,  boys,  you  wanted 
literature — here  you  have  literature,  a  work  by  a  great  Jewish  writer — and      ^ 
much  good  will  it  do  you.  ^ 

"The  Dead  Man**  is  a  ••literary'*  play  written  by  Sholom  Asch.  A  play~whether    w 
literary  or  z]ot— should  have  action  and  the  hero  of  this  play  is  a  corpse*     ^ 
A  corpse  can  do  only  one  thing:  lie  in  the  grave*  Now,  Imagine,  vdiat  can 
a  corpse  do  on  a  stage?  Anybody  can  play  the  role  of  a  corpse.  You  just 
lie  down  on  the  floor,  they  cover  you  with  a  black  clot)i — and  you  lie 
quietly*  You  do  not  cough,  you  do  not  moan,  and  you  are  considered  dead* 
But  frtien  a  dead  man  talks,  walks,  moves  around,  dreams,  together  with  a 
living  girl,  about  love~it  indicates  that  the  author  did  not  know  how  to  make 
reed  people  say  the  same  things*  A  writer  who  knows  how  to  create  living 



H  A  3  d  (1)  -  3  -  JEWISH 


Dally  Jeirlsh  Coarler,  Jan«  26,  1922* 

human  beings^  does  not  have  to  dig  oorpses  out  of  grsYea. 

A  writer  who  has  dug  out  a  corpse  and  put  him  on  the  stage,  should  not  hare 

made  him  wear  a  soldier* s  uniform*  If  the  corpse  wears  a  soldier* s  uniform,  ^ 

he  should  not  talk  like  a  hoarse  corpse  but  like  a  soldier.  •«  .well,  like  a  ^ 

dead  soldier.  You  know  how  a  dead  soldier  speaks?  It  doesn*t  make  any  p 

difference  how  he  speaks  or  what  he  says — it  will  be  correct  and  natural.  ^ 

Ur*  Teitelbaom,  who  played  the  role  of  a  dead  man,  played  it  correctly  and  ^ 

naturally,  and  if  he  had  plajred  it  in  a  melodramatic  style,  like  Leon  Blank,  ^- 

it  still  would  have  been  natural  and  correct— *can  you  proTB  it  wrong?  ^ 

The  only  good  things  about  Sholom  Asoh*s  **The  Dead  Uan^  are  the  music  and 
the  scenery.  But  the  music  does  not  fit  the  play  and  the  scenery  fits 
neither  the  play  nor  the  music.  Otherwise,  everything  is  fine:  a  dead  play, 
a  dead  man,  ancient  dead  ideas,  dead  dialogue... .how  can  dead  people  speak 
living  dialogue? 


H  A  3  d  (1)  -  4  -  JEWISH 


Dally  Jewish  Courier^  Jan*  26,  1922. 

Sholom  Aseh  deserres  a  banciuet  fbr  having  wirltten  a  three^act  play;  *'!I3i6 
Dead  Man**  doesn^t  have  a  fourth  act.  If  there  had  been  a  fourth  act,  the 
audience,  too,  would  have  died  and  then  we  would  have  had  a  dead  theater 
and  the  undertakers  would  have  had  a  good  time.  It  Is  a  pity  they  did  not 
perform  an  autopsy  upon  the  **dead  man**  before  they  dragged  him  out  of  the 
grave  onto  the  stage— they  would  not  have  been  able  to  resurrect  him  and 
the  dead  man  would  not  have  spoken  to  us. 

My  friend  Glickman  ?anted  to  square  accounts  with  the  lltei^ature-hungry 
theatergoers,  and,  upon  my  word,  he  has  succeeded  admirably.  Here  Is 
literature  for  you  and  do  not  pester  me. 

Now,  having  witnessed  this  •'literary''  play,  I  must  ask  Zolotarevsky  to  par- 
don me.  Zolotarevsky,  you  are  a  second  Shakespeare  and  I  am  going  to  see 
your  "The  Price  Of  A  Divorce". 




II  A  3  d   (1)  JEWISH 

lY  Dally  Jewish  Courier,   Jan^  25,  1922.  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

SHOLOM  i^CH»S  "1113  DEAD  IIAIT** 

Shneur  Zalman 

As  you  know  from  my  previous  articles^  our  friend  Ezer  Gedallah,  the 
Gollclan-Jewish  peanut  vendor,  is  a  devotee  of  the  Jewish  theater^ 
There  is  no  good  play  in  the  repertory  of  the  Jewish  theater  that  he 
has  not  read  and  there  is  no  good  Jewish  actor  whom  he  has  not  seen* 
You,  therefore,  can  imagine  how  greatly  disappointed  he  was  when  he 
could  not  attend  the  performance  of  Sholom  Asch*s  macabre  drama,  "The 
Dead  L3an,**  infcich  was  presented  last  Monday  night,  at  the  Palace  Theater, 
by  the  Dramatic  Club,  under  the  direction  of  Abraham  Teitelbaum#  Late 
Monday  night,  our  friend  Ezer  Gedaliah  went  to  the  literary  Klbltzamla 
^Translator's  note:  Coined  term  to  indicate  gathering  place  of  kibitzers/^* 
There  he  heard  diverse  criticisms  about  the  play,  the  players,  the  author. 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  2  -  JSVaSH 

I  C  WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30275 

17  Daily  Jewish  Courlert  Jan^  25,  1922. 

and  eveiything  else« 

I  hope  that  my  one  hundred  thousand  Jewish  readers  v/ill  not  mind  hearing 
'^What  the  people  say"»  \/e  can  learn  a  great  deal  more  from  the  opinion 
of  many  people  than  from  the  opinion  of  one  critic # 

Out  Ezer  Gedaliah  visited  each  table  in  the  Kibitzarnia,  questioned  every- 
one \fdio  was  sitting  at  the  tables  and  listened  to  their  comments^  At  the 
same  time,  he  was  doing  a  good  business  selling  nuts  (at  five  cents  a  small 
glass).  Late  at  night  he  went  away,  a  satisfied  man. 

Yesterday,  early  in  the  morning,  o\ir  Ezer  Gedaliah  came  into  the  editorial 
office,  put  down  his  basket  of  nuts  in  a  corner,  sat  down  at  my  desk,  pulled 
a  bunch  of  small  pieces  of  paper  out  of  his  pocket,  and  said:  ^^ISr.   Shneur 
Zalman,  please  print  these  notes  in  the  same  order  they  are  arranged  here* 
Here  are  jPavorable  and  unfavorable  reactions  to  'The  Dead  Man,*  The  Dramatic 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  3  -  JSTISH 

I  C 

lY  Daily  Jewish  Courier >  Jan*  25,  1922» 

Club,  and  Sholom  Asch*  The  opinions  are  of  Interest — more  or  less.  Eere 
they  are: 

"  'The  ?diole  play  Is  a  piece  of  insolence  and  the  acting  is  idiotic*  The 
play  has  no  plot,  no  movement;  it  is  a  piece  of  lyric  poetry,  but  in  spite 
of  that,  it  makes  one  yawn*  Most  of  the  players  in  "The  Dead  l^n"  act  as 
if  they  were  made  of  wood;  they  aren't  even  able  to  tell  a  stoiy*  The 
decorations  and  music  are  0.  K#  but  they  are  unnecessary,  just  as  the  dead 
body  is  superfluous* 

"  'The  play  should  have  had  four  more  months  of  rehearsals* • 

"  *The  play  is  very  ^veak  as  a  drama;  it  would  have  been  better  as  a  comedy** 

"  •  Shakespeare  presents  a  dead  person  for  a  moment  only,  but  a  Jew  has  to 

ft   f 

The  decorations  are  v/onderful,  the  music  is  v/onderful,  but  the  play  is 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  4  -  Ji^'/iaH 

IC  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

IV  Daily  Jev/lsh  Courier,   Jan.   25,  1922* 

no  good  and  tHe  acting  is  no  good.' 

"   'The  play  makes  good  reading  for  one  who  has  time  and  is  interested  in 
spiritualism  and  poetry** 

tf  t 

Beautiful  nonsense* • 

"  *A  poetic,  spiritualistic  bore  in  three  acts  plus*'  ^^^anslator's  note: 
It  is  not  clear  to  me  what  that  meansjj7 

^  'I  did  not  see  the  play  and  I  do  not  want  to  see  it*  If  you  know  a 
foreign  language,  you  do  not  have  to  attend  the  Jewish  theater*  Most  of 
the  plays  have  been  taken  over,  adopted,  translated  and  patched  up  from 
other  languages. • 

"  'I  have  never  experienced  the  feelings  of  a  dead  person  and  that  is  why 
I  do  not  know  about  ^The  Dead  Man^*  I  do  not  trust  even  ny  own  count r^/man 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  5  -  JEl?ISH 

I  C  WPA  (ILL)  PRO  J.  30275 

IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Jen.   25,  1922» 

Przybyazewski  /in  this  mattej^  because  he  hasn't  died  yet«*  ^^anslator's 
note:  Przyebyszewski  is  a  Polish  writer^/ 

"  'The  play  is  a  remarkable  piece  of  art«  One  has  to  be  an  aesthete  to 
appreciate  it«  The  masses  are  more  cultured  than  the  intelligentsia; 
they  do  not  believe  in  death* • 

••  '  'I  like  the  play  and  I  would  like  to  see  it  performed  by  actors,  not  by 
amateurs,  or  worse  than  that** 

**  'Let  me  tell  you,  it  is  not  bad^* 

"  'A  symbolic  play#  A  man  arrives  from  the  other  world  and  declaimis  poetry** 

"  *It  is  a  pity  they  did  not  perform  an  autopsy  upon  the  dead  body;  then  he 
coTild  not  have  been  resurrected  and  we  would  not  have  had  to  see  hizn..  • 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  6  -  JEiniSH 

I  c  \NPf^  (ILL '^  PRO  I  '^n?7R 

IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier.  Jan.  25,  1922.  ^  '^  ^J  ou^/o 

^   •The  play  reads  is/ell;  it  is  quite  possible  that  it  would  have  been  a 
real  failure,  if  good  actors  had  performed  in  it.* 

^  'The  decorations  by  Ostrowski  are  excellent,  but  the  uncultured  masses 
say  that  the  decorations  for  last  yearns  play,  "The  Rabbi's  Daughters,** 
were  much  more  beautiful  and  reailistic* 

^   •Teitelbaum  in  '^The  Dead  Man"  proved  that  he  was  an  actor  in  the  full 
meaning  of  the  word,  but  he  did  not  have  a  good  supporting  cast*  Some 
fans  of  the  Dramatic  Club  claim  that  if  Ben  Ami  had  played  the  role  of 
the  dead  man,  he  \«)uld  have  been  the  right  person  for  the  right  role#* 

"  •  There  is  only  one  man  who  could  have  played  Teitelhaxm's  role  and  that 
is  the  "dead"  Eaner  whom  Goulash,  with  a  long  knife  in  his  hand,  had  chased 
down  Grand  Street,  in  an  attempt  to  stab  Kaner.  Kaner  had  said  that  Adler 
was  a  bluffer  and  not  an  actor*  Unfortunately,  Eaner  doesn't  have  a 
soldier's  uniform,  and  is  a  minor  poet*' 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  7  -  JEliTISH 

I  C  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier^  Jan.  25,  1922. 

^   ♦The  only  talented  member  of  the  Dramatic  Club  is  ^^rris/^  Mason*  He 
plays  the  part  of  "Chonon"  with  discrimination*  His  intonation,  diction, 
and  language  are  good*  He  does  not  permit  himself  to  be  bluffed  by  a 
dead  person.  He  wants,  he  says,  to  begin  life  anew*  May  he  live  one 
hundred  and  twenty  years  and  play  the  part  of  "living"  characters*  • 

"  'There  was  only  one  man  who  did  not  play  his  part  correctly*  That  was 
the  gravedigger  who  did  not  bury  the  corpse  in  "the  icysterious  wonderland" 
where  the  people  have  the  patience  to  watch  a  macabre  drama  on  an  enpty 
stomach* • 

"  'One  good  thing  can  be  said  about  the  members  of  the  Dramatic  Club;  they 
knew  all  the  lines  of  the  play  by  heart.* 

"  *The  mob  scene  was  good*  Proof  of  this  was  the  fact  that  the  audience 
laughed  at  the  most  tragic  moments* • 

-  8  -  JBIVISH 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 
Dally  Jewish  Courier >   Jan«   25,  1922. 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  8  -  masE 

I  c 


"  'I  saw  only  the  first  act  and  I  do  not  want  to  see  the  other  acts  be- 
cause I  am  a  living  business  man  and  dead  people  do  not  eat  nuts.* 

^   'I  shrugged  my  shoulders,  may  v/e  all  know  v;hat  misery  is  if  v.^  know 
whether  Asch,  himself,  knows  what  he  has  written** 

"  'One  thing  is  sure*  "The  Dead  Man"  will  not  be  translated  into  a  for- 
eign languai^e*  It  is  not  a  "God  of  Vengeance"  and  the  Gentiles  cannot 
be  shown,  through  /the  dialogue  of7  ^  ^®^^  person  the  kind  of  brothels 
that  Jews  naintain.  The  Gentiles  have  plenty  of  spiritualist  literature, 
and  it  is  we  vftio  borrow  from  thenu* 

"  »In  "The  Dead  Man,"  Sholom  Asch  has  shown  that  he  is  a  great  poet  and 
a  keen  observer  of  Jewish  misery;  he  has  shown  that  he  is  a  Jew  who  can 
become  enthusiastic  about  everything*  He  is  the  greatest  word-artist  in 
Jewish  literature t  Every  artistic  spark  in  our  melancholy  Jewish  life  is 

17  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Jan*  25,  1922* 

dear  and  important  to  him.* 

^   'The  Jewish  public  can  get  along  very  well  without  Asch,  without  his 
plays,  and  without  the  Dramatic  Clubs •• 

^  *Mm.*  ••Write  literature  for  them,  act  naturally  •••••They  should  live  so 
if  they  understand  what  is  being  written  for  them  or  xvhy  it  is  being  played 
for  them#» 

"  *A  renarkable  theatrical  work  and  remarkable  acting— nothing  like  it  has 
ever  been  seen  in  the  Jewish  theater^' 

"  •It  is  nauseating^* 

"  *I  cannot  critize  Teitelbaum  because  I  have  never  seen  a  soldier-corpse 
walking  among  the  living  and  advising  them  how  to  live** 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  10  -  JBWISH 

Tc \NPA  (ILL.)  PH'-'^  30275 

lY  Daily  Jewish  Coxirier,  Jan.  25,  1922. 

^   'The  Dramatic  Club  members  are  ambitious  boys,  with  a  desire  for  some- 
thing more  beautiful,  \vith  a  better  understanding  of  life,  with  an  enter- 
prising spirits  Ifow  they  are  going  to  show  what  they  can  do.     Not  only 
one  dead  man,  but  an  entire  cemetery  will  act  for  them.* 

"  •The  Hasidim  ball  that  they  gave  was  a  farce*  They  attracted  a  crowd, 
begged  three  thousand  dollars  out  of  it,  and  ^ve  nothing  in  return. 
Thanks  to  the  financial  success  of  the  Hasidim  ball,  we  now  have  dead 
people  on  the  stage  to  teach  the  public  how  to  live, instead  of  how  to 
die— even  vjood  alcohol  can  cause  death*  • 

"  •DonH  people  go  to  the  theatre?  WasnH  the  theatre  crowded  last  Monday?* 

"  'For  weeks,  larger  crowds  than  that  ^t  Lbnday  night's  performance  of  "The 
Dead  Ilian^  came  to  see  "Shmendrik,"  but,  just  the  same,  "Shmendrik"  has 
not  finished  its  run,  just  as  "The  Dead  Man"  will  do  soon.* 

TT    A    S    rl     n^  -    11    -  3EV/ISH 

f  C     ^  WPAOLLTWOJ.  30275 

17  Dally  Jewish  Courier >  Jan.  25,  1922» 

w  «The  ia>b  is  a  fool*  It  becomes  enthusiastic  quickly  and  it  cools  off 
quickly*  ^Vhatever  you  may  say  about  "The  Dead  llan,"  one  thing  is  sure; 
the  public  that  has  seen  it  did  not  show  any  enthusiasm  for  it*  The 
cold,  scattered  applause  after  the  second  act  proved  this*' 

"  'Those  v/ho  are  God-anointed  poets,  are  never  understood* ♦ 

"  'A  good  play,  but  one  cannot  make  a  living  out  of  it*' 

"  »We  are  subject  to  the  laws  of  the  world  we  live  in*  If  the  people  de- 
mand trash,  v/e  have  to  give  it  to  them*' 

"  'The  genius  of  a  woman  is  in  her  heart,  and  the  genius  of  Jewish  litera- 
ture is  in  Sholom  Asch* ' 

"  'The  truth  that  a  person  does  not  understand  is  considered  by  him  to  be 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  12  -  J^'^^SH 

I  C  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ. 30275 

17  Daily  J6V7l3h  Courier >  Jan*  25,  1922* 

a  fallacy*  Those  who  have  something  against  Sholon  Asch  do  not  under- 
stand him,  and  his  art  is  meaningless  to  them*' 

^   'I  received  a  free  pass  to  see  the  show,  and,  therefore,  I  would 
rather  not  express  my  honest  opinion* • 

w  'Never  mind,  I  wish  there  were  more  plays  like  it,  and  more  players 
whose  purpose  was  much  finer  than  that  of  politicians  and  beggars** 

^   'Anyway,  it  is  much  better  to  spend  an  evening  among  the  Dramatic  Club 
members  than  to  wander  around  with  a  Galician  Jew,  and  to  make  fun  of 
everything  and  everybody*' 

^   'I  would  rather  read  one  phrase  by  Sholom  Asch  than  ten  newspaper  articles*' 
"  'The  innocent  laughter  of  a  child  is  a  thousand  times  sweeter  and  more 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  13  -  JSaiSE 

To WPA  (ILT3TRm-  30275 

IV  Dally  Jewish  Courier,  Jan.  25,  1922* 

bewitching  than  the  politeness  of  a  prince;  and  plain  jokes  told  matter-of- 
factly,  without  any  fuss,  and  love  songs  are  more  pleasing  and  more  excit- 
ing than  the  (not  to  be  compared)  plays  of  some  writers  whose  names  I 
will  not  mention  because  the  playwri^ts*  union  might  excommunicate  me»' 

"  *One  doesn't  get  excited  about  plays  that  have  been  written  mechanical- 
ly, and  presented  mechanically;  one  considers  them  judiciously,  spits 
three  times,  and  goes  home«* 

"  ♦Similar  works  are  found  anong  those  of  Przybyszewski  and  other  artists; 
the  dialogue  of  the  dead  soldier  reminds  one  of  Gtorky's  "Once  More  About 
The  Devil"** 

"  'Przybyszewski,  Gorky,  and  the  others  can  learn  a  great  deal  from  Asch#* 

"  'If  they  have  nothing  to  eat.«««' 

H  A  5  d  (1)  -  14  -  JEWISH 

I  C 

IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier.  Jan*  25,  1922*      WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30275 

^   »Sholom  Asch  likes  to  be  flattered* • 

"  'Oh,  DO*  He  is  a  very  laodest  man*' 

"  •Let  him  remain  a  modest  man,  but  he  should  not  write  any  lODre  ^lays 
likgT'  "The  Dead  Man;**  it  is  better  to  write  about  live  thieves  like  Motke# 
You  understand?  • 

•*That  is  all*  No  more  opinions*" 

As  you  see,  my  one  hundred  thousand  Jewish  readers,  you  have  here  various 
opinions  about  "The  Dead  Han,"  the  Dramatic  Club  and  Sholom  Asch;  favorable 
and  unfavorable  opinions*  I  have  printed  them  here  exactly  as  they  were 
expressed  at  the  literary  Kibitzamia*  I  am  sure  that  those  people  whose 
opinions  were  wrong,  will  not  be  angry  with  me,  and  those  people  whose 
opinions  were  right,  will  not  arrange  a  banquet  v;ith  speeches  for  me,  or 
present  me  with  a  bouquet  of  f lowers^ 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  15  -  3S\7ISH 

IC  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ. 30275 

17  Daily  Jewish  Courier.  Jan.  25,  19E2.       ""^^  ^   ' 

May  we  all  live  in  a  better  world  and  among  better  people  tlian  we  live 
in  now — in  a  world  of  truth,  justice  and  harmony.  This  wish  is  extended 
to  you  by  my  friend,  your  friend,  and  everj-^body * s  friend. 

II  A  3  d  (1) 
II  A  2 


Dally  Jevish  Courier.  Jan,  19,  1922 


The  closing  of  BernstelnU  Imperial  Theater  last  Friday  was  not  entirely  im- 

expected.  This  year,  the  Jewish  theater  business  In  Chicago,  as  Is  true  all  :^ 

oyer  America,  has  not  heen  particularly  good,  because  of  the  general  economic  S 

crisis.  Mr.  Bernstein  has  Increased  the  budget  of  the  Jewish  theatre  to  such  -rr^ 

an  extent  that  the  additional  expenses  cannot  be  met  because  of  the  competlon  r; 

preyalllng  among  the  theaters.  He  has  strained  all  his  resources  to  maintain  -xd 

this  very  expensive  Institution,  but,  unfortunately,  he  lacks  the  j|[necessaT^  o 

means.  He  proposed  to  the  actors  that  they  continue  the  season  on  a  co-opera«*  ^o 

tlve  basis,  and  offered  his  services,  without  pay,  so  that  the  eventual  profit  ^ 

would  belong  entirely  to  the  actors*  The  delegate  of  the  Jewish  actor's  union,  c^ 
B»  Quskln,  could  not  accept  this  proposition  because  the  *' co-operative  principle, ** 
In  theater  enterprises.  Is  contrary  to  the  rules  of  the  union.  The  Imperial 
Theater  %ias  then  closed,  and  many  of  the  scheduled  benefit  performances  were 

II  A  3  d  (1)  •  2  -  JEWISH 

II  A  2 
^  Daily  Jewish  Courier.  Jan.  19^  1922» 

transferred  to  Olickman's  Palace  Theaten  /Translator's  note:  Ihe  rest  of  the 
article  was  not  translated  because  the  subject  matter  does  not  fall  within 
the  scope  of  this  proiectjj 





%' ?  "•.>rr 


.V  !•' 

II  A  -S  d  (1) 

I  X    -. 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

ChleagQ  Torward    Dee.  17.  1921 

•*.  ■ 

A  night  of  art  the  Palace  Theatre  Monday  night*  Strindberg's  famous  play 
The  gather  with  the  talented  artist  A*  Teitelhanm  in  the  leading  role. 




Chicago's  intelligentsia  will  be  at  the  Palace  to  enjoys  an  evening  of  art 
and  pleasure.     The  entire  income  goes  to  the  Jewish  Socialist  Movement* 



•»  *., 


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II  A  3  d  (1) 

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Pcnmrd,     llovem'ber  3f  1921- 

David  Piijsky  in  Ollckman's     ^ 
Palace     Theatre 

Extra  Great  Literary  Art     Presentation 

Anshel  Schnus  will  present  - 

David  Pinsky^s     Masterpiece 

Each  ffith  His  God 

,7lth  Dora  ITeissnan  &  Coaipaa;/. 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

..    This  is  the  first  of  a  series  of  literary  presentr-'.tione  which 
will  "be  played  vin  Glickman^s  Palace  Theatre* 


(Adv. ) 

./■;>;  -"^  •■■1^' 



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II  A  3  d  (1) 

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■  Forward,     iJoveinT:)er  3f  1921. 
Gli demands  Palace  ITheatre 

Second  Week; 

Dora  Weissmarx 

For  Her Children 

By     Zotarovskj'" 

(Adv.)     '  ' 


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•<     - 

II  A  3  cL  (1) 

Forrard,  Novfeinber  1,   1521# 

Gliclcnaii^s  Palace  Iheatre 
Tonii^ht  i 



Dora  Welssmaii 

Resrectable  People 

(Common  Clay) 

Tomorrow  night,  llcveniber  2;     A  "benefit  for  the  ChiCc-^^o  Ladies • 
Gemlllath  Hesed  Societyi 

The     Young     Bride 

-  '-f 

(Adv. ) 


"■;:t . . 


A,/-:;-iv.-.=  >r%  -AJr-'  :"■  *"'''.•  .J* 

.  K 

''f  .ri»''.  . 

^.1         ■  :    ■:     i 

II  A  3  cL  (1) 

forward,  Novem'ber  1,  1921. 

Bernsteiii's  Imperial  Theatre 
V       Tuesday,  November  1 

Malvina  Latel  in 

The  Yeshiva  Student 

TTednesday  evening,  l^ovemher  3« 


Stron/ter  Than  Love 

/  -.A 

^   w  ^ 

;".  ■   x  "f 

Friday,  Saturday  and  Sunday 
Matinee  and  Evening 

The   Disturbed  Widoi? 
3y  K,  Eokoff 



"''  "^W  P«o;.  302;, 

Thursday,  November  U: 
Tsipke,    the  tlTidow 

-w  .  .       «t 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

I^WABD.  September  28,  1921.  WPA  (ILL)  PROj. 3027,^ 

Palace  Theatre  -   The  Home  of  Jewish  Theatre  in  Chicago 
Elli8  ?•  Glickmaa  presents; 
Dora  Weisman 
with  a  first-class  company  of  artists,  in  honor  of  New  Years  -  for  the  first  time 

in  Chicago. 

A  Sister^  s  Sacrifice  -  "by  Anshel  Shorr 

Music  by  Joseph  Eumshinski;  arranged  ty  the  author. 

Anshel  Shorr  -  Stage  Director 


Uonday  and  Tuesday        Friday  Night  Saturday  snd  Sunday 

Matinee  and  Kight  Matinee  and  Night 


II  A  5  d  (1)  j2:;iSH 

Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  Sept*  .^2,  1921. 


(Editorial  in  English) 

The  patronizers  of  the  Yiddish  theater  nay  be  prepared  for  many  siirprises  the 
coming  season.  The  Yiddish  theater  in  Nev;  York  as  well  as  in  Philadelphia  and 
Chicago,  has  made  rapid  strides  during',  the  last  year,  and  has  become  a  great 
Jev/ish  institution.  There  are  tv/elve  permanent  Yiddish  theaters  in  New  York, 
besides  there  are  tv;o  Yiddish  vaudeville  houses,  alv/ays  playing  to  capacity 
houses.  There  are  in  Chicago  now  three  Yiddish  theaters.  Even  St.  Louis  has     g 
now  a  permanent  Yiddish  theater  of  its  own.  All  told  there  are  at  least  tv/enty   ^ 
Yiddish  theaters  in  the  United  States.  All  these  Yiddish  theaters  are  headed     ^ 
by  men  and  v;omen  v/ho  knov;  the  business,  and  who  are  devoting  all  their  time  and   5^ 
energy  to  the  development  of  the  Yiddish  stage.  Recently  a  fev/  New  York  Yiddish 
irapressarios  have  imported  nev;  stars  from  Europe,  and  have  thus  enriched  con- 
siderably the  artistic  staff  of  the  Yiddish  theaters.  There  is  a  tendency  in 
Jewish  theatrical  circles  in  New  York  to  bring  over  from  Europe  the  great  Jev/ish 


II  A  5  d  (1) 


Jljij  JSH 

Dally  Jev;ish  Courier,  Sept.  22,  1921  • 

actors  of  the  German  stage  and  to  en^af^e  them  for  the  Yiddish  stage  in  America. 
Needless  to  say  the  Yiddish  theaters  v/ill  only  gain  in  prestige  and  reputation 
from  the  co-operation  of  the  great  German  Jev;ish  artists.  The  greatest  Yiddish 
tragedians  living,  IJadame  Bertha  Kalish,  v/ho  is  said  to  be  one  of  the  greatest 
seven  actresses  of  our  time,  has  also  returned  to  the  Yiddish  stage  after  an       ^ 
absence  of  several  years.  The  many  nev/comers  and  those  v/ho  have  returned  to      ^ 
the  Yiddish  stage,  v/ill  certainly  contribute  to  raise  the  artistic  level  of  the    r.. 
Yiddish  theater,  and  will  make  it  vjorth  v/hile,  even  for  non-Yiddish  speaking  Jews  ^^ 
to  patronize  the  Yiddish  theater.  •  '^^ 


The  Yiddish  thertergoing  public  in  Chicago  v/ill  also  be  satisfied  to  learn  that    ;^ 
the  managers  of  the  tv/o  principal  houses  in  Chicago  Lj:.  Bernstein  and  llr.  Glick-   g 
man,  have  done  their  very  best  to  secure  for  their  houses  good  casts,  and  a  stock  -3^ 
of  good  plays  to  be  produced  here  during  the  coming  season.  Llr.  Bernstein  v/ho  is 
himself  one  of  the  most  famous  comedians  on  the  Yiddish  stage,  has  secured  the 
service  of  the  v;ell-knov/n  tragedienne,  Lladaiae  Lelvina  Lobel,  and  of  l!iss  ITellie 
Kessman,  a  comedienne  full  of  vivacity  and  gracefulness.  Llr.  Gliclarian  has  brought 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -5-  JEl/ISH 

Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  Sept.  32,  1921. 

v;ith  him  from  Nev/  York  an  all-star  cast,  including  Lliss  Dora  V/eissiaan,  an  able 

and  versatile  actress,  v;ho  has  often  taken  audiencies  by  storm,  Llr.  Isadore 

lleltzer,  an  eminent  comedian,  Ljr.  David  Popper,  and  Llr.  and  i.Ji's.  Teitlbaum,  and 

many  others.  For  the  first  time  in  the  history  of  the  Chicago  Jewish  theater 

v/e  v/ill  have  here  tv/o  great  houses,  vying  v;ith  one  another  in  the  production 

of  good  plays  and  in  good  acting.  This  //ill  only  serve  to  attract  the  Jewish     ^ 

theater-goers  and  to  make  them  patronize  more  the  Yiddish  theater*  ^ 



Needless  to  say  that  a  good  Yiddish  theater  is  a  great  asset  to  every  Jewish  com-  ^ 
munity,  because  the  Yiddish  theater  is  not  only  a  temple  of  art,  but  is  also  a    g 
valuable  social  factor  in  the  community.  i:any  Jev/ish  organizations  live  and 
thrive  because  the  Jev/ish  theater  enables  then  to  be  financially  independent 
and  to  continue  their  activities.  The  Yiddish  theater  is  instrumental  in  securing  : 
tens  of  thousands  of  dollars  for  Jev;ish  charitable  and  philanthropic  purposes, 
and  therefore  it  is  a  blessing  to  the  comiTiunity.  The  better  equipped  a  Yiddish 
theater  is,  the  better  a  social  philanthropic  agency  it  is,  and  therefore  the 
development  of  the  Yiddish  theater  must  be  looked  upon  v.lth  satisfaction  by  all 
those  who  take  an  interest  in  Je\;ish  life. 


II  A  3  d  (1)  -  4  -  J57/ISH 

Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  Sept.  22,  1921. 

There  are  said  to  be  some  ten  million  Germans  in  i\irierica.  There  is  not  one 
independent  German  theater  in  the  United  States,  There  are  only  three  million 
Jevjs   in  America,  and  there  are  tv;enty  inde;-!endent  Yiddish  theaters  in  the 
United  States.  This  is  very  characteristic  of  the  tendency  of  our  people,  and 
it  r^oes  to  indicate  that  v;e  clinr;  to  our  institutions. 

Vfe  hope  th5it  our  Yiddish  theatergoers  in  Chicar:o  will  patronize  the  Yiddish 
theaters,  and  that  the  latter  v;ill  do  their  very  best  tc  satisfy  the  public, 
and  to  marce  it  consider  the  Yiddish  theater  a  c^^eat  American  Jeivish  institution. 

II  A  5   d   (1) 


Forviard,    Sept>    14,    11^21*  '-^^^^•^  C^il.)  PRHi  'j()'/j$^ 


Imperial  Theatre,  i.iadison  near  ;/estern  Ave.     lielceiae  cur  guest  the  well- 
>jao"VYii  Jewish  artist,  !.:iae.   :..6lvina  Lobel,   whc  v/ill  play  the  v;hcle  season 
at  the   Imperial • 

Frido.y  night— Saturday  end  Sunday  matinee  and  night — Stronger  Thoji  Love — by 

Arranged  by  director,   Zigmund  ".leintre-ub. 



;j:     ji  A3  d  (1) 

Ponv&rd,  Au^ast  26,   1921  • 

Bernstein^s  Iji5>erial  ^Theatre 

Grand  Opening  -  September  1 

Joseph  Sumishinsky's i/hisicai  Comecy 

Get     tlarrled 

Produced  By  Our  Artist 
Herr  Si.^:mund  Weintraut 

<j  ^j 




Pollowime     is     our     Castr 
iTellie  Cascr.fUi 

Ida  Dvorka 

Bernard  Bernstein 
Signrand  •'•eintrau'b 

Uollie  Cohen        Louis  Baliskitzki 
Ume.  Sheingold       Shlono  Steinterg 

I  i  i'      '      •.■>  - 

■sir  :"^»f^  •: 

■-.■  -  _ 

r      .     " 

Page  2. 

'■   k- 

II  A3 

V-;  *r> 


*    h4 



f             * 




,-r.   ■^ 


?     *  n:i 

/  • 

rorward,  Ai:;guet  26,  1321. 

Our  Musical  Director;     Mr.   David  Hirsh 
Tickets:     $*77f     $1»0C,     and    $1*50 

Bores       $2.00 

Jerd  sh 

WPA  (ILL)  PROi.  30275 


'!   « 

Tor  Benefits  Apply  to-  Mr.  Palley, 

(Adv. ) 

•  v: 


>iv ' 



''  'A 


I  I  A  3  d  (1) 

.       '  W?A  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

^  goTOard.  July  ?9,  19?1. 

*   '•    There  was  a  time  in  Chicago  when  no  one  dreajned  of  one  respectable 
\    Yiddish  Theatrat  let  alone  two»      The  first  will  he,  as  nsual,  Slickman^s 
"Palace"  and  the  second  ;7ill  he  the  "Inrperial"  Theatre,  located  at  Madison  3t« 
,  .>^  *  and  Western  Avenue. 

f.^  The  "Imperial"  Theatre  has  heen  rented  hy  Joseph  Mssler  and  the  - 




1     Comedian,  Bernard  Bernstein*  The  contract  \7aG  signed  last  iVednesday* 

l;/^'''. ^■'         Por  the  mciin  Engineer  for  the  nev:  theatre,  negotiations  are  going  on 

■ ; "     with  Jacoh  Polls*  If  he  will  agree,  he  will  become  General  Manager  of  the  ;  ;  ,5^'^^ 

V-    '   theatre,  *:he  main  figure  in  the  lohhy,  and  the  boss  of  the  box-office.       --  ■  ^ 

v;.   J  J 

And  now  but  one  question  remains S  fhat  actors  will  compose  the  coii>- 
panles  of  both  the  "Palace"  and  "Imperial."  theatres^ 

The  duel  to  secure  the  best  actors  and  actresses  will  occur  between 
Glicknan  &  Bernstein  on  the  Hew  York  battlefield.  ITaturally,  the  one  with 

•  it  -, 




il  A  3  d  (i)  , 

Fcnrard,  July  29,   1521. 

the  best  weapons  aiid  the  most  aan-iunition,   will  win  the  fight* 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ,  30275 

Llr«    Glickman  has  anno^jinced  that  already  he  lias  signed  the   Corriedian, 
Isador  Meltser,  Becks'-  Frani:,  and  ILx.   and  I^rs,   Teitlebaum  of  the  Vilna  Troup.e. 



*»    .'■ 


.*•-   r 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

Jorward        June  5,  1921 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ  J0274 

Gllckmaii*8  Palace  Theater 
Max  Oable  and  Jenny  Ooldetkin 


"Mother's  Prayer* 
Friday,  Satnrday  and  Sundqr 


n  A  3  d  (1) 

Forward,     May  20,   1921 

Glickman's  Palace  Theatre 


The  World's  ttreatest  Artist 
Madame  Oretta  Meyers 
i  n 
"Medda"     "by    Jacob  Gordon 
Tues*   May  2U,      and  all  week, 
(Adv. ) 


^^^^  OIL)  PHOl  30275 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

Tonrard      Uajr  12»  1921 

aiickman*8  Palace  Theater 

llr«  Leon  Blank      in 
"▲  friend  in  Idfe** 
Uonda7,  Toesdagr,  Wedneedagr,  and  Thnrsdagr 





II  A  3  d  (1) 

Forward      lUgr  10.  1921  ^^^'^^  O^O  PRGlSOm 

Gllolcman^s  Palace  Theater 
Present 8 
Leon  Blank  in 

"The  Drankard<*        written  bgr  William  Siegel 

Friday t  Saturday,  and  Sunday 

II  i.  3  d  (1) 

Forward   Uay  8,  1921 



Pala43e  Theater 
Leon  Blank  in  a  special  perforoanee 

"Ihe  Proletarian  Curse" 


IT  ^  --   d  il) 

II  2  1   d 




•  * '.  ^»      ^' 

1   r^  '^^ 

t'V'PA  (ILL.)  PROj,  3QZ?i 

Jc:Co"b  Ben  -t^ni  :.t  t^p  ;:er"^nrnrncf  Siinc''^^,  !'-:^  ",  ir.  t^^r  Prince?'-  '^e-'^er. 
?he  Lite^rry  Lranrtic  So'^iot^r  wil^-  pr^s-^rt 

"At  ''ornin-"  V  I-  L.  Peretr. 



%!!  A  3  d  (1) 


^  *:*; 





-  '  -•   .■  ..'t 


JsriSH     .  7 

%  1 


?al&.ce  Tlieatie 


/V  * 

ILixvLT  ice       Schwar  t  z 
'^Tiie  SlacksiTiith's  D^-o^hter" 


Trl .  -  3at  .-Sun.  Svenirigs 
SiiiL.   Kali  nee 


. -.  ^ 

^•.■.^'■'  ■  ',■   ■       If.      .'; 

■      .     -  .      /        '        ■••  \-- 


IIA  3   d   (I) 

-  w:j 


i^lrce.  Th'^*'  te: 

St^rrln."  '.'c?nrice   Sc'^vr-'^t^    1-   '^In  ^^^'^   ClcL  3:-ncw^j,'r'.ic*^  "by  I.':.Tirice   5ch"T.rtz 


1  >-!  r  • 

Dnd  C^^n^hin^  Zt2'.*:''V  "^'^  I'p'^ariue   Schv;  .-^t:: 

Pipchik,   The  'tedious  TpIIow  "b^  3.  llrvrirr 

An  AcTr^nB  -   In  on^  act    nv  y^ol")--  ^^-elcho^i 

Co'antr7^en-   In  one   act,    st» 

*  »■»  '  ^  ^r 

r'^-r  "^•Jjr'cc   5.c'hv/::.rts  V"  I.   D.    Berkoritz 

onr'ry,l.Iaj/  ?• 

II  A  3   d   (1) 

Forward.  Hay  2,   15^1, 

tjjj'K  ion 

.,r..  (iLL.)PROJ. 

Palace     Theatre 
TiAS:i]ceritz*£     Great     Uaster-Fiece 
"A  Pauper's     Lrearn" 

otarrir^     Llaui^ice     Schwartz 


( Adv. ) 

II  A  3   ^  (^) 

rorvrar.l.     Lay  1,   I92I 
Palace  Tlieatre 
-  Presents  -  '  ^ 

*MciU.lxL^^        tj  \^  ..l\*  i.11.     wu  y..^ 

"It  Is  Difiicult  lo  Be  a  Jevr"     -     oy 

Sliolor.  Aleicher. 
S^i.odai^,     Hay  Ist 

(Adv. ) 

II  A  3  i  (1) 

£0r;.7ard,     I'ay  If      1921. 
Play  House       presents 
Jacol:)  Ben  Ani 


1  ^.V,  !l 


"oainson     and  Delilc?Jri 
i;7ith  Pauline  Lord     and     Hotert  Heinz 

liondajs  Hay  2.  (Adv.) 

II  A  3   d   (1) 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

FoTOard,   April  29,   1921* 
Gartners  Theater. 

Friday  night,  Saturday  matinee  and  night 
The  last  performance  in  Gartners  Theater 
The  close  of  the  season 

The  Galician  Musician  will  be  played* 

II A  3  d  (1)  ^sim 

Torwards   April  23 t  1921 
Oertnere  Theater 
In  honor  of  Passorer 
Saturday  and  Sonday  matinee  and  night. 
The  beet  comedj  with  an  Interesting- plot* 
"The  Cantor*  e  Daqghtere**  In  U  acts* 
Please  come  In  time  ae  the  eeate  are  not  reserved* 



.  7<  .  '  »f 

II  A     3   d   (1) 


For^ar^,     March  30,   1921. 
Crartner's  Theatre 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30271 


^Warning  to  Mothers]        Today  -  Matinee  and  llight. 
We  will  present  Guard  Girls  Against  Dance  Halls > 


*  "*  **-■ 

A  Plg7  in  U.  Acts 
Monday  and  Tuesday* 

A  New  Shame 



*'•*   • :..  f-". 

■   >, 


II  A  3  "i  (1) 


Forward,  March  2S,  192i. 
Palace  Theatre 


Thursday  -  Friday  Tight £. 

Saturday  and  Sunday  Iv:atlnt?e     r-nd    Ilight,     Llarch  J^t     April  1,     2     and    3» 

Bessie  Thone.shefsky 


Yosele— Cclboynik,  in  U  Acts,  oy  Borris  Thonashefskj'-, 
under  direction  of  Jacct  Cohen 

•  .  -X 

(Adv. ) 

'j^-^ '  -yj-  ■■■■'  ■ 


L.^.  i':^' 

.  >  ..'..         \  :     .V  : 

.  .   :  «. , 

r;^-^^  ■■■'■ 


A      ■  ■ 

1?.  <.-. 

.V  ,• 

/.  >  < 


<  / 

II  A3  d  (1) 

Torjard,  March  17,  1921 •    ^ 
Palace  Theatre  , 
Monday  lTl£;ht,  ilarch  21st,  -  Sessie  Thomashefsl^y 
In  Her  Success  -.      .  . 


The  Immigrant  illllicnaire 
Tiierday  night,   ilarch  22.  L^^dies'   lli^ht. 

The  Best  Seat  In  The  House  Tor  A  Lady,     50  Cents. 

The  2astard, 

hy    Jacot  Gordon, 
Will  Be  Pla^red. 


*:    f 





■/■--•■r>    .A-    ,      ^ 

*        -    •    /* 

■■>:•'■  » 


■.•   r-.^j,    ,.',,■ 

<       i' 

•  ';.Hf;-,:.,;';:.;-H?^v^  ?  v 


.f*^.^.;  ''-v 

g;  •.  II  A  3  d  (1) 

■;;^^"-'  . 



•^    V 


Forwro^d,  March  12,  1921  • 
Palace  Theatre 
■  Sunday  Matinee  and  ITight  -  Mme.  Valier 
■    in 


.  .  Merele  2fres 

Monday  ITight  -  Lime.   Valier^c  Farewell  Performance 


Kreutzer  Sonata 

Uext  rTeek.  Ccmes  Bessie  Thomashef sky. 

Tuesday  TTight,  March  l^i    A  Perfcrmance  in  Honor  of  Our  Beloved 
Comedian,  Mr.  David  Scheirholz  in  - 

Fathefly  Love 

Mr.  Scheinholz  in  the  main  comical  role  -  David  Kishke.' 

'  (Adv. } 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ. 30275 

Mr.    Scheinho 

1       .-• 

•    y'' ,.  <     ■■    v-'  .'. ,    ,  .'^   •  •     ^ 

:v--:'v,*  ...»                4V..  „-»J.    . 

•  r 

V  >; ;"! 

*•     •■    -'V 

.,-':'■  -\*V 

II  A  5  d  (1) 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

Forward,     March  12,  1921. 

Gartner's  Theatre 

Do     You    Know    li^^at     Love    Means  ? 

Today,     Saturday  and  Sunday.   -     Matinee  -     Hifrht 

Gartner's  Theatre  Will  Precent: 

Park    Love 

Monday  and  Tuesday  a  new  production  is  beirs  prepared 

in  honor  of  Pi.irim 



'■/-.:  :->^ 


..,■:■.-■-  I 

:  ^.r ,- 

II  A  5  d  (1) 



FonT^rd,     llarch.  c,   1521 

VVPA  (ILL)  PROJ  30276 

Star  of  Llecca  -     A  Fcrmer  Jev,ish    Ferform'^r 

Mr«   Franlc  Shmuckler,    *he  personal   representative   of  Miss  Anna  Tabal:,    told 
us  the  follor;irg  regarding  the  ycing  Jevrish  Prirr'.a  Donna  of  Uecca,    rhich  is  new 
"being  played  at  the  Auditorium  Theatre.      She  began  her  career  at  eight  years  of 
age  and  ^vithin  the  ten  years  that  she  has  "been  on  the  3t^;!ge  she  h^as  developed 
into   one  of  the  most  famous   of  the  yo^:iJCl^  prima  donnas.      Ter  years  ago,   Miss 
Tahak  appeared  in  Boris  Thamoshifsliy^s  Peoples  Ther/tre  in  Blind  Love,   and  then 
left  77ith  the  entire   conrpany  for  Chi-^ago.      That  was  the  first  tirae  Miss   Tahak 
ever  was  outside  of  I7ew  York, 


II  A  3  d  (1) 


WPA  (!LL)PROJ.  30275 

Forward,  March  5,  1921. 

Gartners  Theater, 

Friday,  Saturday  and  Sunday  matinee  and  night 

King  Lear 
with  new  costumes  and  new  decorations. 

Monday  and  Tuesday,  a  new  play. 

II  A  3  d   (1) 

II  A  3  t 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ- 30275^ 

Forward,  March  2,  1921, 

Tomorrow  at  the  Palace  Theater,  Wednesday  ni^ht,  March  2nd.  Honor  perform- 
ance for  our  musical  director  and  composer,  David  Hirsch. 

Chantsha  in  America  -  will  he  played. 

Special  for  this  occasion  a  religious  concert  hy  Cantor  A,  I.  Manovitz,  accom- 
panied "by  a  magnificent  choir  and  double  orchestra. 

Workmen's  Circle  branches,  societiiss,  relief  vereins,  and  lodges  can  buy 
through  the  months  of  March  and  April,  $310.00  worth  of  tickets  for  $100.00 

II  A  3  d  (1) 
I  £ 


W?.A  (ILL)  PROj.  3027-^ 

Forward.  March  2,  1921. 

The  Mute  -  hy  A.  Vaiter,  will  he  played  hy  the  Literary  Dramatic  Society, 
2  P.  M.  Sunday,  March  6th,  at  the  Princess  Theater,  Clark  and  Jackson  Blvd. 

Be  prepared  with  tickets.  The  entire  proceeds  go  for  The  Defense  League. 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


=N?A  (!IL)PR0J.3C275 

Forward,  March  1,  1921, 

This  week  in  Glickman's  Palace  Theater. 

Madam  Jennie  Valier  will  play,  Thursday  night,  March  3rd,  in  Jacob  Gordon's 

Mirele  Afres 

Friday  night,  Saturday  matinee  and  night,  Sunday  matinee  and  night,  March  Uth- 
5th  -  6th 

Za  Za  -  hy  Bert an  and  Simon, 

The  last  farewell  performance  -  Monday  night,  March  7th 

SaJcho  -  hy  Jacob  Gordon. 

•     «.     <« 

II  A  3  cL  (1) 


Forward^  February  22,  1921  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ. 30275 

Glickman's  Palace  Theatre 
Today  -  Tuesday,  ITovember  22 

The  Yeshlva  Student 

Thursday  evening,  February  2k\     the  first  performance: 

Chayim  in  America 

Friday  evening,   Saturd^ay  and  Sunday  matinee,  and  evening: 

Madame  Jenny  Wolier 
Miriam  EfwcS 
By  Jacob  Grordon 

Monday  evening,  February  2S:  One  performance  only: 

Madame  X 

Page  2 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

Porjmrd,  February  22,  1921  ^,p,^  ^^^,  PRO J,  30275 

Wednesday  evening,  March  2.   Evening  in  honor  of  our  Music 

Director  and  Composeri  David  Hirsh. 

The  Play  Will  Be: 
Hantshke  in  America 

(Adv. ) 


II  a  3  d   (1) 


Fonmrd,   Feb.    13,    1921*  WPt/V^r^ 

Glicknian's  Palace  Theatre 
Thursday  Evening,   February  17 

The  Greatest  Actress  on  the  Yiddish  Stage, 
Lime  Jennie  Wolier 
Friday  evening;   Saturday  and  Sunday  Matinees   a  Evenings 

(Adv.  ) 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 


Forwardt  February  11,   1921. 

Gartner's  Theater. 

Friday,   Saturday,   Sunday  matinee  and  evening 

Monday,  Tuesday 

Fordt  the  Anti-^Semite 
in  three  acts 

Broken  Hearts. 

II  3  2  d  (5) 


«— — •  ■  ■»  « 

WPA  (!LL>PROJ.3L)27i 

Forwards  February  6,  1921, 

'  ,  For  the  first  time  in  America,  Pride  by  Sholom  Asch,  will  be  produced  and  un- 
der  his  personal  direction*  The  performance  will  take  place  Sunday,  Feb.  20th, 
in  the  Princess  Theater. 

Literary  Dramatic  Society. 

II  A  3  d   (1) 


Forward,  February  4,   1921, 
Gartner' s  Independence  Theater. 
Friday,   Saturday  and  Sunday  matinee  and  evening 

When  One  Lpves  A  Lftui    . 

Monday  and  Tuesday  evening 

The  7/edding  Day> 

WPA(1LUPR^- 302/0 

II  A  3  d  (1)  JEWISH 

Forward <  January  31,  1921. 

Glickman^'s  Palace  Theater* 

Tonight  - 

The  Bastard 


Tomorrow,  Tuesday  evening  - 

The  Girl  of  the  West 

Thursday  and  Friday  evenings,  Saturday  and  Sunday  matinees  and  evenings 
Herr  Boris  Umashevsky,  in 

The  Cantoris  Wife* 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ. 30276 

Forward,  January  10,  1521. 

Palace  Theater.  Monday  and  Tuesday  evening,  January  10th  and  11th,  Miss  Annie 
Meltzer  and  the  entire  cast  in 

Tsiphe  the  Widow, 
Thursday  evening,  January  13th,  Joseph  Kessler  produces  for  the  first  time 

The  Tiger, hy  Coml>lut. 

Friday.  Saturday  and  Sunday  evenings,  Saturday  and  Sunday  matinees  -  Joseph 

Kessler  in 

The  Qreat  Question,  hy  Z.  Luhin. 

The  Bestard,  "by  Jacob  Oordon,  will  he  presented 
Tuesday  evening,  JanuarylSth,  in  honor  of  our  artist  -  Jacoh  Cohen, 


^  ..i'V 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

».      ■• 


^^^^  OIL)  PRDJ.  3027^ 

Porrrard,         December  20 »   1920 

•'  -> 

20ME0  and  JULIET  (In  Yiddish) 

:■. »  . 

Shakesperean  Play 

at  the 

Palace  Theatre 

Monday  Evening,  January  3» 


V  ^Ji  .■  '■':/   •  ;-^ry  -  ;= 

II  A  "^  d  (1) 

Forward,  December  19,  1920. 

The  Palace  Theater  presents  Joseph  Kessler  in 

"His  '.Tife" 

Tuesday  evening. 



II  A  3  d  (1) 


Forward,  December  13,  1920. 

Palace  Theater,  presents  Joseph  Kessler  in 

The  Only  Son 

yVP."  (ILL.)  PROJ  30275 

Thursday,  December  23rd, 

11  A  1  d  (1) 

Forward,  December  17,  1920. 

Gartners  Theater,  presents 

The  Two  Brides 

Comedy  Drama  "by  M.  Cohen,  Pridey,  SatTirday,  and  Sunir^y. 



fc*^"-'  -' ^^^-a*^.** 


II  A  "^  d  (1) 

Forward,  December   lU,  1^20. 

Gartner's  Independence  Theater,  presents 

The  Manipc 

Wednesday,  December  l^th. 


WPA  (ILL)  f^ROJ  J0275 

ILA  1  d  (1) 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ  JQ^7i 

Forward,   December  8,   1920, 

Bush  Tezople  Theater,  Conrad  Ziderman,  director,  presents  Sholom  Ash^s 

*0od  of  Revenge" 
adults  only 
Friday,  Decemher  10th  at  8:15  P.  M. 

II  A  3  d  (1) 
V  A  1 
II  D  10 



Forward,  December  7,  1920. 

Dwinsk  Relief,  requests  all  countrymen  and  friends  to  take  tickets  for  the 
theater  "benefit  given  Thursday  eve.  Dec.  19th,  at  the  Palace  Theater. 

to  see 
"The  Jewish  Heart* 

II  A  1  d  (1) 
IX  B  1  d 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 


Forward,  Deceoter  7,  1920. 

i->  1-, 

The  Literary  and  Dramatic  Society  will  have  a  visitor  in  Chicago,  the  noted 
Jewish  poet  and  dramatist,  David  Pinsky* 

In  honor  of  his  presence,  the  society  will  present  his  well  known  drama, 
"Everyone  With  His  Gtod"  in  U  acts.  It  will  be  presented  at  the  Princess  The* 
ater,  Sunday  December  19th. 

II  A  3  d  (1)  JBWISH 


Forward.  1)6061111)6 r  7t   19?0« 

Tuesday  6 veiling  December  lUth,  a  play  will  be  given  in  honor  of  Anna 
Hettzer  -> 

"The  Immigrant  Boy** 

II  A  3  d  (1)  JEWISH 


Forward.  December  5,  1920. 

A  new  comedy  \>y   the  well  known  English  author,  Montague  aiass,  entitled  "His 
Honor  A'be  Potash"  will  appear,  shortly,  at  Woods  Theater,  with  Barney  Bernard, 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


VVPA  (ILL)  PROj  J0276 

Forward,  November  12,  1920. 

aiickman's  Palace  Theater,  Today,  Friday  evening,  Saturday  and  Sunday  mati- 
nee and  evening,  for  the  first  time,  a  great  sensational  melodrama  with  music. 

The  Nestling 
in  U  acts  -  hy  N.  Rakoff 

Produced  "by  Jacob  Cohen. 

II  A  3  d  fl) 


fiPk  (ILL,)  PROJ.  30275 

Forward «  November  1,  1920, 

Glickman^s  Palace  Theater 

Tuesday  evening,  November  2nd,  Election  day 

Elias  Glickman 
as  Feitel  Pavolia,  in  the 


by  Shackovitch 

Wednesday  evening,  November  3rd,  Benefit  for  Carpenters  Union,  local  504 
t«5-v     The  Power  of  Love 

\  I 

Thursday  evening,  November  4th,  Ladies  Night 
The  Yeshiva  Student 

Friday  evening,  Saturday  matinee  and  evening  and  Sunday  matinee  and  evening, 

November  5th,  6th  and  7th 
A  Woman *s  Secrete 

•  **- 


i.V>i' ~r:  ..■■ 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


WPAdLDPROJ.  30276 

P-^rward.    Cctoter   2Sth,    19 2Q. 

Gartners  Theatre 
12  and  Irdeoendence  31vd, 

Have  you   seen  Dar.ce-^zc    fr^r.  Pcir'i.^?      If  not,    cone   to   Tr-irt^er'^  Th.e'..itre 
Friday,    jat-^Arc"  y  ,  ^w  Junc:r^  ^ir-tinee   anc    ^•':^:'^ir\^  '^:hen  the  Danne:ice,    from 
Paris  ^'\^\  "be    :erfnr:nec    '^    t'-'ree   acts  7;ith    nuch   sin£in.:r  anr    dancin^c. 
!»!ondaj^  to  Thursday  the  Spa'^is'-^.   Inniiisition,    ■'Tl  historic   o.jeretta  1^. 
four  acts   -'ill   be   ^.rtrsenved. 

(Adv.  ) 

•  1 

II  A  3  d  (1)  Jewish 

WPA  (iLDPROJ.30?76 
FORyARD,  October  27,  1920 • 

Gliokman*8  Palace  Theatre 

On  Friday  evening, 

Saturday  Matinee,  and  evening,  and  Sunday  Uatinee,  October  29-30-31. 

Will  be  presented  for  the  first  time  a  beautiful  life  drama  • 

••Face  to  Face  With  Tour  Relatives'* 
in  Poland  and  Latvia. 

II  A  3  d   (1) 


WPA  (ILL)  PR03. 30275 

Forward ,  October  22,  1920, 


Friday  evening,  Saturday  matinee  and  evening  and 

Sunday  matinee  and  evening,  October  22  -  23  -  24 

The  Best  Farce  Comedy 
Business  and  Pleasure 
10  good  song  numbers. 

Soon,  the  greatest  sensation  in  America  will  be  here. 

Face  to  Face. 


Chic--ro  Fo-w:-rr.    O^to'^:>^r  '^It^t,    IQPO. 


WPA  (!LL)PR0j.3Q27i 

T:A:Lce  Theatre 
Thurs.^ay,Octol>-r  21.   I92O. 

This   evevAn^i -L-^.'Ues  nifht. 

The   Childrr^n   of  The  Stre-t. 


i^v^ry  v^rson  will   get    the  hest    seat   ^or    .  ^0^ 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ,  30275 

Forrard,    OctoTDer  19,    1520, 
Oartner's  Theater, 

Today,   Wednesday  until  Thursda^^. 
Joseph  and  His  Brothers, 

Benefits  are  Sold  from  $1CO.OO  -  $125.00  -  and  $U5.00 

Guaranteed  Profits, 

n  A  ?  d  (1) 

II  A  3  b 
I  E 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

J  Jewish  Forward,  September  10,  1920, 

The  Chicago  Dramatic  Society  has  "mounted  the  rings  of  the  ladder  of  success"- 
it  has  moved  into  Wood's  Theater  in  the  Loop.  They  will  present  their  productions, 
every  two  weeks. 

They  have  united  with  the  Socialist  Singing  Verein,  the  latter  will  fill  all  5; 
choir  needs  in  the  various  dramas  produced  hy  the  Society. 

The  orchestra  will  "be  the  Socialist  orchestra. 

-  ■'<■■ 

II  A  3  d   (1) 


VVPA  (ILL)  PROJ. 30276 

Jewish  Forward,  September  3t  1920* 

Gartner's  "Independence  Theater  opens  this  evening  with  full  "Pomp  and 

(  This  theater  was  of  a  lower  class  than  Glickman's,  concerning  itself  with 
comedy  and  musical  comedy  only.   Its  two  stars  for  the  1920-21  season  were  S&m 
Leavenworth  and  Hyman  Frizant,  "both  comedians). 

n  A  3  d  (1) 


WPMILU  PROi  3a2;& 

Forward.  September  3.  13^ • 

Elias  ?•  Glickman,  is  a  Chicago  product, He  is  one  of  the  pioneer  the- 
ater entrepreneurs  in  Chicago,  and  in  America  and  also  one  of  the  foremost  dramat- 
ic artists.   Glickman,  as  manager  and  proprietor,  does  not  act,  often. 

"We  have  nothing  of  which  to  he  ashamed Everyone  acknowledges  that  the 

Palace  Theater  it   the  most  "beautiful  in  America When  we  will  enter  the  Pal- 
ace Theater,  one  shall  think  he  is  in  a  New  York  Theater. 

II  A  -^  d  (1) 


WFA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 


Jewish  Forward,  September  3f  1920» 

"We  have  prepared  a  large  repertoire,  we  have  several  "beautiful  dramas  of  0 
Ossys  Dimov;  we  will  produce  his  Bronx  Express,  with  the  same  staging  as  in  New 

York,  and  we  also  will  produce  Dimov' s  new  drama  "Stranger  than  Love?,,. 

We  have  secured  the  services  of  the  Yiddish-Russian  artists,  Anastasin  Orzhevska 
and  Leonid  Sniegov,  who  will  appear  in  the  outstanding  works  of  Gorki,  Artzi- 
hasheff ,  Andrew,  and  other  Russian  artists". 

Mr,  Jacoh  Cohen 
Grlickman's  Theater. 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


WPA  (lit)  PRC3. 3027^ 

Forward,  August  29,   1920. 

Grand  Opening  of  Glickinan*  s  Palace  Theater, 

Ellas  F.  Glickman  presents  the  following  cast: 

Men  •  Jacob  Cohen,   David  Levenfiin,  Elias  F,   Glickman,  Sam  Gershonsong,  Herr 

Fogelnert,   David  Yanuar,   David  Sheinholtz,  and  Joseph  iJeinstoch, 

Wooaen  -  Yet  la  Bloick,  Tilly  Rabinowitz,  Annie  Frank,  Leah  Asther,  and  Anna 

Music  Directors  and  Composers  -  David  Hirsch  and  Mortimer  Glickman* 
Friday  evening,  Saturday,  Sunday,  and  Monday  matinee  and  evening. 

Free  Love 
in  4  acts  with  music  •  by  !•  Koloraonovitch. 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  mih 

Forwards  August  22,   1920. 

Chicago  will  have  but  one  Tiddieh  Theater  this  season  (1920-21)  and  that  will 
be  Glickman^s  Palace  Theater. 


II  A  3  d  (1) 

— M^M— — —a—a >'^fci  ■  n  ^  m* 



WPA  (ILL)  PROi 30275 

Forward,  August  15,  1920* 

The  Yiddish  theater  season  (1920-21)  will  open  September  2nd,  in  the  Palace  The- 
ater,  announced  Mr*  Glickman,  manager  of  the  theater • 

Mr.  Glickman  further  announces  that  while  in  New  York,  he  arranged  for  a  most  ex- 
cellent cast  for  the  theater  and  that  he  also  secured  a  number  of  new  plays* 

II  A  1   d  (1)  JEWISH 

•,.••■  WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30276 

Forward,   Jiine  6,   1920. 

Empire  Theater. 
News.  News. 

MMe.   Bessie  Thoraashefski  with  Sanruel  Rosenstein  in  their  last  farwell  performan- 

Monday,   Tuesday  and  Wednesday  night 

Minke  the  Servant  Oirl. 


n  A  3  d  (1) 


WPA  (ILL)  PROl  3027b 

•  Forward,  June  U,  I92O. 

Gartners  Independent  Theater. 
Friday  and  Saturday,  June  U,  and  5.  Gartners  Theater  will  present 

Off  the  Beaten  Path,  ty  &arner. 

Sunday  matinee  and  nighty  June  6 

Torn  Flowers. 

\-'^-  '-'^ ■■ 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  3027i 

Porward ,  May  50,  1920. 
Empire  Theater. 

Today  matinee  and  night,  welcome  our  guest,  Mr.  Mark  Arnstein.  The  Mggest 
sensation  of  this  century.  Max  Groldherg  presents  that  great  artist,  Mme. 
Bessie  Thomasef ski,  and  the  great  romantic  lover,  Mr.  Samuel  Rosenstein,  in 
Mark  Arnstien' s  musical  comedy, 

Before  the  Wedding 

A  large  choir  from  the  Chicago  Opera  Company.  A  large  Symphony  Orchestra,  un-  ' 
der  the  direction  of  David  Hirsch. 

.'■\  •' 

V-    ' 

**  1    ■■ 

II  A  3  d  (1) 
II  B  1  d 


WPA  (III.)  PROJ.  30275 

Forward.  May  27,   I92O, 

.  ; 

In  Memory  of  Jacob  Gordon. 

Jaco"b  Gordon's  "best  drama  -  God  -  Man  and  Devil,  will  l3e  presented  Sunday- 
night,  May  6th»  In  the  Central  Music  Hall,  Van  Buren  St.  and  Michigan  Blvd. 
under  the  auspices  of  the  Literary  Dramatic  Society. 


Tickets  are  50^ i  83^  and  1.10,  including  war  tax.  Tickets  can  be  purchased 
at  Forward  office  1128  Blue  Island  Ave.,  D.  Stein,  1012  S.  Marshfield  Ave. , 
L.  Herman,  I309  S.  Karlove  Ave.,  telephone,  Lawndale  31^3 f  *^^  2»  Shusterman, 
1505  S.  Ridgeway  Ave. 

'■■■..  %■-'. 



/f  ^'■•y : 

i-:  .\ 

.  K 

.,.:-*-:^;.v!— ;.,v-„;  -?v -^^r^ 

\  ■■.  •• 

II  A  3  d  (I) 


Forward,  May  17,  1920.  »VPA  (IlD  PRCJ.302/^ 

Palace  Theater. 

Tuesday,  'JZednesday,  Thursday,  Friday,   Saturday,  Sunday  night  -  Saturday  and 
Sunday  matinee,  Edwin  A*  Relkin  presents  Boris  Thomashef ski  and  Regina  Zuker« 
.   berg  and  a  company  of  25  singers,  players  and  dancers  in  the  new  operetta 

The  Old  Melody  by  Thoraashefski 
in  4  acts 

Music  by  Rumshinski  -  Enlarged  Symphony  Orchestra. 

Next  attraction  -  Leon  Blank,    Dora  'JZeisraan  and   Isadore  Meltzer   in  a  new  play 

Blind  Men 

Lodges,  Unions  and  Relief  Societies,  you  can  purchase  tickets  on  percentage 
basis,  in  advance  for  future  attractions. 

II   A   3   d   (1)  JBf/ISH 

W^MILUPRCJ,  30275 

Forward,   May  9,   1920 • 

At  the  request  of  the  general  public,  The  Big  Prize  by  Sholorn  Alechem,   folks 
comedy   in  4  acts,  will  be  produced   in  memory  of   Sholora  Alechem,   Sunday  night, 
May  23rd  at  8  P.  M. 

For  technical  reasons,  this  performance  was  postponed  from  the  16th  to  the 
23r3  of  May* 

Central  Music  Hall,  Van  Buren  and  Michigem  Blvd.  Produced  by  the  Literary 
Dramatic  Society. 

L#   Herman,   business  manager.      Ben  2ion  Gordin,    director. 

There  is  a  large   demand  for  tickets. 

II  A  3   d   (1) 

Forward,  Ttoy  6,   1920 • 

Palace  Theater • 

Tonight,   Thursday  -  The  last  performance  of  the  Moscow  artists 

The  Live  Corpse  by  Tolstoi 

Friday  and  Sunday  night,   Saturday  and  Sunday  matinee 

The  Price  of  a  Girl^s  Good  Time 
B»   Isadore  Lilien 


'^^^  OLD  PHOl  3027i 

Girls  under  16  will  not   be  admitted^ 

Soon  we  will  have  Boris  Thomashef ski  and  Company*     Leon  Blank,   Dora  'J7eisman 
and  Company* 

Organizations  c€ua  buy  tickets  now,  for  future  attractions,  on  percentage  basis. 

II  A  3  d   (1) 



Forward.   !iay   1,   1920 • 
Gartners  Theater. 

Friday  and  Saturday  matinee  and  night,  Gartners  entire  company  will  present 

MaTima^s  Millions 
Sunday  matinee  and  night 

Golden  Age 
Monday  to   Thursday 

The  Sacred  Hymn 

II  A  3  d  .(1)  JEWISH 

II   D  10  '^ 

V  A  1 

'VPA  (ILL.)  PROl  30Z7i 

Forward,  April  .26,  1920. 
The  Chamsker  Relief  Society. 

The  Chamsker  Relief  Society  is  giving  a  benefit  performance  in  Palace  Theater 
Tuesday  April  27th. 

A  Girl  frotg  the  Next  fforld  will  be  played. 
Miss  Meltzer  will  play  the  leading  role. 

You  will  enjoy  this  play.  Your  laughter  here  will  help  the  unfortunate 
across  the  sea. 

The  Committee. 

II  A  3  d  ^{1)  JEWISH 

Forward,  April  23,  1920. 
Eiiipire  Theater.  Farewell  performance. 

ClarA  Rafala,  Wednesday  night,  April  28th.  This  will  be  the  last  appearance 
of  this  great  artist  who  is  saying  farewell  to  her  thousands  of  friends  and 
listeners,  until  next  season. 

On  this  occasion  our  artist  will  portray  characters  in  the  follov/ing  4  acts. 

1.  Shularnith  -  1st  act 

2.  The  Stepchild  -  2nd  act 

3.  7/here  are  our   children?  •  3rd  act 

4.  Kreitzer  Sonata  -  4th  act. 

II  A  -^  d  (1) 


WPAriLL)  PRO.!,  30275 

Forward.  April  15,  1920. 
Eii5)ire  Theater, 


Saturday  matinee  and  night.  Sunday  matinee  and  night,  The  Step  Child,  "by 
Isadore  Lilien. 

•  Hme  Clara  Hafala  in  her  famous  role,  Yehudith  -  The  Dan^ter  of  Zion. 


I*  A  ?  d  (1) 
V  A  1 


Forward,  April  I5,  1920, 

A  theatrical  performance  is  to  be  given  by  the  Witebaker  Social  League,  Fri« 
day  night,  April  l6th  at  the  Palace  Theater,  The  Jewish  Daughter  will  be 
played  for  the  first  time  in  Chicago. 

All  Witebaker  landsleit  are  asked  to  come  to  this  benefit*  Tickets  can  be 
purchased  Thursday  night  at  Mr.  N.  Gedski,  361I  W.  12th  St.,  and  Friday 
nigbt  at  the  box  office* 

With  regards 

The  Committee. 


II  A  3  d  (1) 

c-  iii«;l  oil 


Forward,  April  1st,  1920 
Llonday  iTi£:ht,  April  U*   Only  One  Performance, 
lime.  Thomashef sky's.   The  Two  Mothers 
Tuesday  Ili^^t,  April  5th. 
Benefit  Performance  In  Honor  Of  Our  Le-'dir^  Lady 

ilrs*  Tetta  31ock 

We  V7ill  present  The  Slnty^ht^r, 

"by  Jacob  Gordon, 
^ith  Lime.  Yetta  Block,  in  her  Great  Art  Hole  as  Esterke 



r'.     -5 



,4-  >.' 

^,:. .■.»■-  - 


"i      *• 

I^^  A  3  d  (1) 


■VPA  (ILL)  PROI 30271 

Forward,  January  2,   1920. 

Sholom  Alechim,  the  immortal  poet,  humorist  and  writer,  left  us  reroem- 
hrances  to  he  reed  with  laughter  and  tears.  The  outstanding  comedy  known  as 
"The  Great  Winnings,"  is  being  presented  for  the  fourth  time  by  the  Literary 
and  Dramatic  Society  this  Sunday  December  5th,  2  p.m.  at  the  Princess  Theater, 

II     A    "^, 

_  •-;r"'arc .    ^cK't^-.i^'er 





•      "■■'      •        111  _    j_ 

In  h-^nor  of  tbp   holiday,    Thursd  y,    "^ric'V    >    ^--t^irc^c-y, 
ar.d   3iind--i.y  -  '."atlnee   and  ever/.r^*,    Seote-nber  2^   -   2' 


i  •  *_■        t  -  i  ..'  ^   '  '  \_»  LJ  V,  X   . 

X  1. 

I    L  i   .-.■  O 


in  Chic:-:f:o 

As  V.  ^./-n  Loves 



■^"A^ftt.)  pro;.  30275 

jar t  ne  r  *  c   Th  e  a  ^  ^^  ^ 

--V    Si/       .      A 

<^  t/         1.   O  . 

Sat'ordoy  and   Siincay,    natin^-'-'^  a^'"'   ever*n{^ 

I   Y:ill   :iell  Yor   '!y  l.Io-^hcr--' n-L^- 

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W?A  (iLl.)  PROJ.  30£7i« 

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II    A  3    CL    (1) 


Sunday  inai^Inee  Se:  te-'-'bcr  21 

...  riLL)?R0J.3G274 

•  y*  • 

:ie  baci^if^ce   of  Ij^aac 

^  X     •  O    >J■^>  O     •'   W> 

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i.    ...4.U.  CU> 

-▼v^  ■?,-'•  I  ^  -i  r.  J-  .-. 

(Adv.  ) 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

1        t 


Today' 8  Matinee  &     Evening 
Joseph  Kessler  in  Z  Libin's  4  act  drama 




II  A  3  I  (1) 

FORIARD,  September  12,  1919.  "^^^  (iU.)  PROi  3G27b 

The  nev  theatre  in  Douglas  Park  Auditorium  opens  today  under  the  direction 
of  Joseph  Oberlander  and  Abraham  Mason. 

Tonight  and  Saturday  evening,  Steinberg's  ••Sister  versus  Sister"  will  be 
presented.   Sunday  evening  a  four  art  drama.  **Uen  of  Sin**  will  be  given. 


H  A  3  d  ( 1) 


FORWARD   September  12,  1919.  -  "' L) PRQj  302^5 

The  actors  and  the  management  of  Glickman's  Palace  Theatre  are  proud  of  the 
fact  that  they  were  successful  in  presenting  one  drama  for  an  entire  two 
weeks . 

^  This  is  a  cause  for  painful  laughter.   In  New  York,  a  successful  play  is  good 
]  for  the  entire  season,  and  neither  the  actors  nor  the  management  worry  about  new 
works.   Even  Philadelphia,  irtiose  Jewish  population  is  100,000  less,  than 
Chicago's,  provides  seven  to  eight  weeks  run  for  various  presentations. 

II  A  3  d     (1)  jmSH 

^  WW«P        8«pt«b«r  U,  1919. 

^•VP^  (ILL,)  PROJ.  3Gm 
Last  week  Eugene  Spliraeh,  sold  a  play  which 

will  be  shortly  produced  in  the  finplre  Theatre.        The  work  is  modern  and 
discusses  an  important  problem  of  life. 

U^  3  d  (1) 


FORWARD     Sept.  10,  1919.  ^VPA  (ilL)  PROj  302/^ 

Bnpire  Theatre 
Friday  Evening  the  12th 
Saturday  &  Sunday  Uatinee  -  and  Evening. 

September  13  &  14* 
Ur.  Jacob  Silber  A  Une.  Clare  Raf&ila 
The  first  time  in  Chicago. 


by  Zolataroveky 

Great  melodrama  with  music. 

II  A  3  d  (1)  JEWISH 

FORWARD     -September  5,  1919. 

ArA  {ill,}  mjj  3Q275 

The  two  ••Big  Brothers,  the  ••Empire  &  the  Palace"  also  have  a  ••Small  Brother" 
i-Grartner*s  ••Independence^^     theatre,  Roosevelt  Road  and  Independence  Blvd» 

Gartner  has  no  pretensions  for  the  bigger  things  in  drama. 

li  A  3  ci  u; 



?or.:3"^    Seytw:"cpr  3,    1^1^ 

^  ^  y^   Sil^ert 

ilar-  :i'--^ala 


-  «-.  -^  1    y^c^       ~    •  p  r.  r  C-  T» 

Llatinee   I-  Z^^3nin;' 
-he   S')irit    oi    t-:v^      '  ^- 

^  'nday 

X   \^ 

?ro6ncec,  "br   :.r.  Crcn^  S'^' 


Jacot  Silorr':,  CV' --  •^■.^- 1- ,  :.-^r  the  -?-itire  all 


• ' «.  _ . 

(AdY.  ) 

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Do^.i».'l^:^s  Par':  AaCitoriuun 


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in  oiiic  t..o 


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iir-t   i\'y:   111  t 


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o:-    -0-.  r--^ 


j--».  ^  : 



II  A  3  d     (1) 


FORWARD       August  21,  1919 
Eknpira  llieatre 

Jacob  Sllbert  and  Clara  Rafola 

Cliildren  Come  Kom6|  by  Zolatorevsky 

Directed  by  Jacob  Silbert 


We  wish  to  announce  to  the  Chicago  Jewish  public  that  we  have  organized  a  troupe^  of 
first  class  actor s,  all  with  good  voices ,  capable  in  song,  and  all  young. 

Regard  this  personnel  of  the  troupe • 

Messrs:  Mesdames 

Jacob  Silbert  Clara  Rafola 

Herr.  Kroner  Rosa  Bialis 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


Herr.  Rosenstein 
Herr,  Bulman 
Herr»  Friedman 
Herr*  Weinstock 
Herr.  Roeenthcd 
Herr*  Frizont 
Kerr.  Epstein 
Herr.  David  Hirsh 

FORyARD  August  21,  1919  (Empire  Theatre)  #2 

-  Music  Director 

Tilly  Rabinowitz 
Morris  Kroner 
Matilda  Finkel stein 
Rosa  Silbert 

Union  Workmens*  Circle  branches,  Societies,  schools,  lodges  and  individuals 
can  secure  benefits  by  selling  tickets  for  a  percentage.   Our  books  are 
open  for  the  season  1919-1920. 


II  A  3  D  ( 1) 


Forward,  Jtaiguet  21,  1919. 

Joseph  Kessler  in  Gliclrman*  s 

Palace  Iheatre 
Twelfth  St.  Comer  Blue  Island  Ave., 

First  performance  of  Messrs.  Kessler,  Levlnson,  and 
Gllekman.  Friday ^  Saturday  and  Sunday  evenings. 

Saturday  and  Simday  matinees ,  August  29-  30. 

Ubnday  (Labor  Cay)  Uatinee  &  Evening. 

The  first  time  in  Chicago.  *«A  MAIDENS  DREAM** 

Great  drama  in  4  aets  with  music  and  dance 

by  Max  Gibbel. 

II  A  3  D  (1) 

Forward,  August  21,  1919 •  #2 


The  Cast. 

Joseph  Kessler 
David  Levinson 
Chas*  Glickman 
H.  Goldberg 
H.  Gershonaen 
H«  Bakshitzky 
H*  Shiago 

Harry  Shore 
H*  Hockstein 
Mme  Axelrod 
Ume  Fanny  Reinhardt 
Miss  Becky  Fi-ank 
Miss  Groffer 
Molly  Cohen 

Dave  Calmus 

and  the  most  beautiful  and  beloved  soubretto  of  the  Yiddish  stage 

Miss  Annie  Meltzer 


II  A  5  d  (1)  j::j:.ji3H 

II  B  2  d   (1) 

III  a  Daily  Jev/lsh  Courier,   Aug.   28,   1919. 



Dr.  3.  M.  Melamed 

The  openin.^  of  the  Jev/ish  theatrical  season  in  Chicago  has  been  for  many  ^rears 
an  inspiration  to  many  of  our  journalists  v/ho  have  used  it  as  an  opportunity 
to  discuss  topics  of  the  da:/,  as  .veil  as  to  make  profound  and  wise  observations  ^ 
about  the  J"ev:ish  theater.  I  hereupon  declare  that  I  have  no  intention  of  writ-  ^^ 
ing  a  polemic  on  the  subject  of  our  dramatic  literature,  because  I  do  not  v/ish  ^ 
to  injure  the  Jewish  theater  v/hich  is  a  popular  and  highly  beneficial  public  in- 
stitution. Ver^'  fev;  Jewish  theaters  can  withstand  objective  criticism,  and  ver^^  :^ 
few  of  then  are  institutions. of  art  in  the  true  sense  of  the  v;ora.  The  Jewish   £ 
theater  is  not  to  be  judged  from  an  aesthetic  standpoint  but  rather  from  a  stand- c> 
point  of  socio-philanthropy,  of  usefulness,  and  of  f^eneral  mass  education.       ^ 
Naturally,  it  is  also  an  amuseiaent  center  for  the  Jevjish  masses.  This  guarantees^ 
its  popuLarity,  and  therefore,  it  can  grow  and  prosper.  The  Jewish  press  in  Amer- 
ica shows  no  progress  at  the  present  time  because  of  the  decline  in  its  circula- 
tion, as  a  result  of  the  cessation  of  immigration  for  the  past  five  years.  VJhi,le 

II   A  5   d   (1)  -  2  -  J1].;13H 

II  B  2  d   (1) 

III  G  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Aur:.    28,    1919. 

the  Jev;ish  press   is  Inr^-ly  de'n-jndent  upon  riass   imiii^ration,   the  Jo.vish 
theater  has  ^rov/n  by  leaps  and  bounds   in  the  last   five  years.     The  niiraber  of 
Je'vish  theaters   in  i\merica  has  doubled  in  the  laat  five  ^rears,   because  the  Jev/- 
ish  theater  does  not  depend  urioii  Jev;ish  irriiiir-ration,     .jaericanized  and  /iiaarican- 
bom  Jews  nlso  attend  the  Je.vish  theater  regularly,   and  as  our  theater  is   in  -^ 

addition  an  socio-philanthropic  center,  it  is  now  the  most  si^j;nificant  3 
institution  of  the  Jev/ish  riasjos  in  /jnerica.  That  explains  vmy  our  theater  ocvju--::i 
pies  such  a  prominent  placo  in  our  public  life  and  .;hy  the  nasses  are  so  ^•^reatl^''  p 
interested  in  it.  ^ 


The  present  tneater  oeu.'ion,  v;hich  bep;ins  toiaorrovj  throu;^hout  /unerica,  in  ITevv     ^ 
York,  Philadelphia,  Boston,  Baltijiore,  Chicago,  and  other  cities  v.ith  a  larr:^e    S 
Jev/isii  population,  is  attracting,  the  speci.-il  attention  of  the  liiasses  because  a   en 
keen  conpetition  has  developed  every.vhere  in  regard  to  the  Je-vish  theater,  and 
because  a  considerable  number  of  new  theaters  have  been  opened  this  year.   Quan- 
tity alv/ays  has  a  certain  attraction  for  the  public  and  nurabers  always  impress 
it.  naturally,  it  l1..:>o  expects  a  certain  _^iiount  of/   improvement  in  the  theater 
as  •:  result  of  this  competition  because  ovor^r''  manar^er  v;ill  try  his  best  to  sat- 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  ;5  -  JliV/lSH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

III  G  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Auc*  28,  1919. 

isfy  the  public. 

The  increa3inr7:  number  of  Jewish  theaters  v;ill  certainly  lead  to  specialization 
in  Jewish  theatrical  art:  one  theater  ;vill  devote  itself  to  serious  drunia;  a 
second,  to  operettas;  a  third,  to  psycholo^^-^ical  plays;  a  fourth,  to  couedies, 
etc.   It  is  very  likel^r  that  throufii  this  procedure  the  number  of  Jewish  theater-  ^ 
goers  v;ill  increase.  Until  nov;  the  number  of  Je;;ish  theatergoer^^  aiiounted  to  no  ^ 
more  than  fifteen  per  cent  of  the  Jewish  population,  but  as  a  resilt  of  this  cora-  ^ 
petition,  it  may  rise  to  twenty  per  cent,  or  perhaps  to  twenty-fivo  per  cent.     <^ 

The  general  tendency  of  the  Jcvrish  theater  today  is  to  bocone  more  and  more  an    2 
amusement  center,  especially  since  a  nev;  company  has  been  formed  in  Nev;  A^'ork,     ^ 
which  will  devote  itself  entirolv  to  serious  drama  of  literar:'"  value..  Many  of 
our  readers  will  perhep3  bo  unable  to  understand  this  tendency.  They  v;ill  say 
to  themselv3s:  the  times  are  so  deplorable,  the  lot  of  oui*  people  is  so  trs^gic 
that  it  is  impossible  to  amuse  oneself.  But  that  is  a  v/rong  attitude.   ;jhen  a 
Jev/lsh  ne./spaper  re^d^r  is  unable  to  scan  tho  news  v;ithout  lurining  across  items 
dealing  v/ith  the  murder  of  Je;vs  and  pogroms,  he  needs  a  place  to  v;hich  he  can 


II  \  3  d  (1)  -  4  -  Ju^vISII 

II  B  ^  d  (1) 

III  G  Daily  Jev/isli  Courier,  .Va^;.  28,  1919. 

escapo  fron  this  pop;ro!n  atmosphere*  The  more  con'sistently  the  Jev/ish 
press  prints  the  nev/G  of  slaughter  and  pogrom,  the  more  neceGsar^;-  an  amusement 
center  like  the  Jewish  theater  becomes. 

One  can,  therefore,  v;ell  imagine  that  the  managers  of  the  Jev/ish  theaters  will  ^ 

concentrate  on  light  and  arausing  pi  -ys  for  this  coming  season  and  that  Boris  ^ 

Thomashevslc:;-,  king  of  the  Jewish  operetta  stars,  .vill  reign  not  only  on  Second  :::v 

Avenue  in  Nev;  York,  but  in  the  provincial  tovms  as  v;ell,  p 

In  Ghicr.go  th.:?  present  season  v;ill  be  an  extraordinary  one.  Three  Jewish  theaters  g 
are  opening  here:  the  Emr^ire  Theater,  Glickman's  Palace  Theater,  and  Gertner's     '""■ 

~  •  CO 

Independence  Theater,  V/e  can  expect  keen  competition  v;hen  the  managers  present    ^ 
their  opening  production.  Then  the  real  ^ntertainmenj^  offensive  v;ill  begin,     Di 

II  3  2  g 


FOaVfAPJ)-  A-u^ast  12,    1515 • 
The  Yiddish  Folic  Sta^e  will  present  a  reading  froiTi  the  drama 
"Vulaen  the  Plague  Rules"     in  U  acts  by  David  Danlc,   Tuesdays   August  12, 
in  Workers  Institute,   lOOoS  Ashland  Blvd. 

COilE  IIT,  32  PHOMPI  -  because  we  will  have  free  discussion. 


U    JU.IMV  '""I 

II  A  5  d   (1)  Jir.inSH 


Daily  Jewish  Courier.   July  30,   1919* 


It  appears  that  Chicago  will  have  two  Jewisn  theaters  next  season;  one,  the 
Empire  Theater,  the  other,  the  Palace  Theater.  Mr,.  Zuckerberg  and  lur*  Palei, 
managers  of  the  Empire  Theater,  announce  that  ari^angements  have  been  made 
for  the  famous  actor  Jacob  Silberg,  and  Prima  Donna,  J^ladam  Clara  Kafalo,  and 
other  actors  to  appear  at  this  theater.  The  opening  night  has  not  yet 
been  set. 

lar.  Ellis  F.  Glickman,  the  leaseholder  of  the  Palace  Theater,  informs  us 
that  his  theater  will  open  on  August  29,  with  a  company  whose  cast  he  will 
announce  shortly. 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

Forward,  July  U,    1919. 

The  Closing  of  the  Yiddish  Theater  Season  in  Chicago, 

By  Eugene   (Yonoh) • 

It  is  true,  that  the  past  season  has  shown  a  noticeahly  reformed  theater, 
"but  it  has  yet  to  reach  the  high  levels  which  it  should  attain.   It  was  shajneful 
and  painful  to  observe,  at  times,  the  idiotic,  trashy  plays  which  were  presented 
and  in  which  great  artists  made  themselves  appear  ridiculous. 

!  1 

11   A    :>   g   {^Ij 

'*«^•^^  (iLL.)  P^<Uj.  30275 

1    '-^  ■^    --^ 
"^  ^    '"  ^ 

sir-n-r   ii^eason  (191S>    of  ^-:    :..nlr-    r'^v-*:-y 

?j.:)-:e-.  re /t era 

'-^^  • 

X-  .u 

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.te    W   1^  V'  -  K^  >^'  .  k^     u    iw'  t 

■»-   *     V. 

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,     ?   4-1... 

n  A  5  d  (1)  JEWISH 

II  D  10 

II  D  3         Dally  Jewish  Coxirier.  July  1,  1919. 



The  Smpire  Theater  ended  its  season  jresterday.  In  other  Jewish  communities 
the  theater  is  a  private  enterprise ,  but  in  Chicsigo  it  is  a  communal  institu- 
tion* It  is  the  only  Jewish  center  here  of  literature  and  art,  as  well  as 
of  philosophy.  Therefore  its  fate  must  interest  all  Chicago  Jews  who  desire 
that  such  a  center  shall  remain  in  existence. 

In  the  history  of  the  Jewish  theater  of  Chicago,  the  season  just  closed  yester 
day  will  be  considered  the  most  remarkable  because  it  was,  from  every  stand- 
point, very  fruitful.  Never  before  has  Chicago  seen  so  many  tioily  great 
Jewish  dramas^  nor  greeted  so  many  great  artists  as  it  did  this  past  season* 
Chicago  may  be  a  provincial  city,  but  we  doubt  very  much  whether  even  one 
Jewish  theater  in  New  York  presented  any  finer  performances  this  last  season, 
or  satisfied  their  audiences  to  any  greater  extent  than  was  done  here  in 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEWISH 

II  D  10 

II  D  3  Dally  Jewish  Courier >  J\xLj  1,  1919. 

Qiicago.  The  directors  of  the  Empire  Theater ,  Mr.   Tzukerberg  and  Mr»  Falei, 
spared  no  efforts  to  bring  before  the  Chicago  Jewish  public  the  best  to  be 
gotten  in  the  field  of  theater  art  and  literature*  The  best  actors  from 
New  Torli^  both  young  and  old,  played  for  many  months  in  good  plays,  which 
drew  the  great  masses  of  people  to  the  theater* 

Thus,  for  the  first  time  we  witness  Chicago  as  a  theater-loving  city  in 
which  Chicago  Jews  are  eager  to  patronize  Jewish  theater  art  if  the  theater 
directors  can  furnish  good  actors  and  good  plays* 

It  can  be  said,  without  exaggeration,  that  more  Chicago  Jews  attended  the 
Jewish  theater  this  year  than  in  previous  years*  It  is  also  important  to 
emphasize  this—that  throughout  the  entire  season,  the  Empire  Theater  presented 
no  plays  that  a  conservative  person  could  not  see  or  enjoy*  Not  by  sensational, 
humorous  plays  but  by  good  sober  dramas  and  good  actors  were  the  theater 
directors  able  to  fill  their  house  night  after  night*  The  public  is  indebted 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  3  -  imisa 

II  D  10 

II  D  3  Dally  Jewish  Courier >  Jiily  1,  1919. 

to  them  for  this  and  thanks  should  be  offered  by  all  who  are  especially 
interested  in  a  good  Jewish  theater  in  Chicago. 

Because  of  their  excellent  accomplishments  during  this  last  season,  the 
Empire  Theater  has  gained  the  confidence  of  the  great  masses  as  well  as  of 
the  educated.  We  can  only  hope  that  in  the  future  the  theater  directors  will 
follow  in  this  same  direction  and  will  pursue  the  same  principles  they 
established  this  last  season.  Only  then  will  they  be  certain  that  the  masses 
and  classes  will  in  the  future  too  be  ready  to  patronize  the  performances 
which  last  year  proved  to  be  a  blessing  to  the  Jewish  community  of  Chicago* 

Of  no  less  importance  than  as  an  cart  center  is  the  need  of  the  theater  as  a 
philanthropic  center.  Many  philanthropic  societies  owe  part  of  their  existence 
to  the  Jewish  theater.  Not  all  of  our  readers  Icnow  that  during  the  last 
theater  season  a  sum  of  two  hundred  thousand  dollars  was  collected  for  the 
various  Jewish  philanthropic  enterprises.  Almost  all  charitable  circles  and 
many  social  organizations  on  Chicago* s  West  Side  haye,  through  benefit 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  4  -  JBinSB 

II  D  10 

II  D  3  Dally  Jewish  Courier ,  July  1,  1919. 

performances  in  the  Empire  Theater,  collected  hugb  sums  of  money  which 
enabled  them  to  carry  on  their  work*  The  Chicago  committee  of  the  Denver 
Sanatorium  has  in  itself ,  through  a  number  of  benefit  performances ,  collected 
many  thousands  of  dollars*  Many  smaller  circles ,  auxiliaries ,  etc#  could 
not  exist  without  the  theater*  In  a  word,  our  Jewish  theater  in  Chicago  is, 
next  to  the  Federated  Charities ,  the  largest  philanthropic  agency  in  our 
community*  Therefore »  those  representing  our  community  must  take  a  greater 
interest  in  the  Jewish  theater*  Th^y  should  patronize  it  oftener,  and,  as 
far  as  possible,  ccu:^  for  it,  that  it  may  have  a  secure  and  undisturbed 
existence*  The  better  the  Jewish  theater  in  Chicago,  the  more  it  can  accom- 
plish for  the  community,  and  the  more  it  can  contribute  in  the  field  of  art, 
literature,  and  philanthropy* 

Unfortunately,  up  to  the  present  time,  we  do  not  see  that  the  ccxmounitj  leaders 
have  been  taking  any  actiye  interest  in  a  Jewish  art  institution  which  is 
also  a  great  center  for  every  kind  of  communal  activity*  Only  a  numbered 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  5  -  JEWISH 

II  D  10 

II  D  3  Daily  Jewish  Coxirier,  July  1,  1919. 

group  of  persons  who  are  very  much  attached  to  Jewish  literat\ire  and  art^ 
itopported  the  Jewish  theater's  struggle  for  existence  this  last  season* 
If  the  Jewish  theater  were  only  an  art  institution  it  could  not  take  the 
liberty  of  demanding  patronage  of  people  who  are  not  interested  in  Jewish 
art  and  literature*  But^  as  we  have  shown  by  cold  facts,  it  is  also  one 
of  the  greatest  philanthropic  and  socio-economic  agencies  in  the  community* 
On  these  grounds  it  is  the  honorable  duty  of  our  conmninity  leaders ,  who  do 
not  possess  sufficient  interest  in  art|  to  pay  more  attention  to  our  Jewish 
theater  since  it  spares  them  much  work,  effort,  and  anxiety* 

In  closing  we  wish  to  ei^ress,  in  the  name  of  all  friends  of  Jewish  art  and 
literature,  our  thanks  to  the  directors  of  the  Empire  Theater  for  their 
efforts  to  lift  Jewish  theater  art  in  Chicago  to  a  higher  leTel,  and  for 
their  honest  attempts  to  give  the  Jewish  public  in  Caiicago  the  best  and 
most  beautiful  which  our  literature  and  theater  art  possess* 

Through  their  successful  work,  the  directors  comforted  thousands  of  Jewish 
hearts,  brought  joy  and  health  to  broken  Jewish  souls,  and  aid  to  thousands 
of  needy  and  unfortunates* 

II  A  5  d  (1) 

I  C 


■•  -rriTj 


Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  June  oO,  1919. 


Toni,c:ht5  our  .'^reat  ^est  artist,  the  younr  actor,  Horris  Schr;artz,  v/ill 
present  at  the  Empire  Theater  Ibsen's  fanous  draina  "Ghosts." 

llr.   Schvjartz  will  appear  in  the  difficult  leading  role  of  Osv/ald  Allwing. 

Participating^  in  this  special  production  will  be  the  popular  and  talented 
dramatic  artist,  Lladam  Liza  Zilbert.  She  v/ill  portray'-  the  beautiful  dramatic 
role  of  Liadam  Allwinr, 

The  actress  has  to  Chica{_jo  especially  to  play  in  this  performance. 

VJe  are  certain  that  all  lovers  of  classical  drama  and  true  art  will  come  today 
en  masse  to  pack  the  jlmpire  Theater,  and  to  rreet  the  ruest  artists^ 

•  •   • 

II  A  5  d  (1) 


Sunday  Jewish  Courier,  June  15,  1919 • 

By  Dr.  S.  M.  MeloBied 

Sonln  as  a  type  Is  some  thousand  years  old.  We  Jews,  especially,  are 
famllar  with  Sonln*s  philosophy,  which  Is  also  clearly  and  classically 
propounded  In  the  Bible,  viz..  Eat  and  drink  because  It  quickens  our  senses; 
eat  and  drink,  for  tomorrow  v;e  die  anjrway.  Ludwig  IV  issued  the  parable, 
"After  me  the  flood,  brother;  but  in  the  meantime  we  must  live.** 

What  Artslbashev  did  to  make  Sonln  Interesting  was  to  place  him  in  a  new 
sphere.  Sonln,  the  tired  Russian  Revolutionist,  desires  suddenly  to  live 
wild  and  fast,  letting  others  dream  of  the  constitution.  The  philosophy 
of  living  one's  life  he  teaches  to  his  mother  and  sister,  the  latter  ruined  by 

■  ^  ^.v^■^^^:^•l-■' -^ ••«*."*  »*V'*  .i*.;»***c*j>*-'3>-ti*UU  . 

n.j    ...  ,  c'A 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  2  -  J^tflSH    \^^, ^7 

Siinday  Jewish  Courier,  June  15,  1919 • 

a  charlatan  off icer« 

Mr.  Anshel  Shor,  a  clever  theatrical  personage  from  Philadelphia,  dramatized 
this  novel.  Not  had,  though  the  novel  proper  is  only  a  nari^tive  with  a 
moral*  In  the  drama,  too,  there  are  no  developments  of  conflict,  only 
episodes  to  characterize  the  personality  of  Sonin#  Therefore,  none  of  the 
actors  have  any  great  roles  except  the  one  who  plays  the  lead,  Mr.  Samuel 
Goldenberg,  a  very  versatile  actor* 

As  an  actor,  Mr.  Gtoldenberg  occupies  first  rank  at  present  in  the  Jewish 
stage.  Personally  I  do  not  know  whether  he  "'s  an  engineer  or  an  inventor, 
but  he  certainly  is  a  great  technician.  He  displays  his  talent  not  by 
great  gestures  or  strong  motions,  but  by  small  details  that  create  a  mosaic 

II  A  g  d  (1) 

-  3  - 

Sunday  Jewish  Courier.  June  15,  1919 • 


picture  which  influences  less  through  its  colorful  tones  than  through  its 
fine  delicate  construction*  Besides  Mr.  Goldenberg  has  three  outstanding 
merits,  namely,  temperament,  a  lovely  means  of  expression,  and  a  fine 
figure.   If  he  does  not  attract  as  a  lyric  tragedian  or  a  grand  supple 
comedian,  he  enchants  as  a  clever  actor  rich  in  extemporaneous  humor.  He 
sings  beautifully  and  plays  well  on  the  clavier. 

I  could  adduce  many  reasons  why  it  is  worth  your  while  to  see  Samuel 
Groldenberg  in  "Sonin.**  But  since  it  is  very  hot  and  I  am  lazy  to  start 
so  many  themea,  I  beg  that  you  believe  me  on  my  word.  Children  and  girls 
under  sixteen  years  not  peraiitted,  and  model  people  should  stay  at  home. 

Of  the  other  members  in  the  troupe  who  give  very  good  performances,  I  wish 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  4  -  JS?7ISH 

Sunday  Jewish  Courier.  June  15,  1919. 

to  mention  Mr.  Nathanson,  Kr.   Ayerlbach,  the  gifted  Becky  V/eintraub  and 
Madame  Weintraub.  llr.   Shveid's  role  not  only  brings  forth  his  talent,  but 
also  his  temperament*  Kay  he  long  live  and  smoke  short  pipes,  because  long 
ones  are  smoked  only  by  suffering  personages.  The  good  Izzie  Kesier  cuts 
a  splendid  officer's  figure,  and  if  Becky  Frank  played  Liidame  German's 
role,  it  v;ould  have  been  better  for  all  concerned. 

There  is  beautiful  singing  in  the  drema,  especially  by  Ayerlbach  and  Goldenberg. 
Good  fun  is  delivered  by  Mr.  Shraukler  in  his  role  as  Denshtzik.  Thank  you, 
Mr.  Goldenbergt  Would  that  the  same  could  be  said  of  all  Jewish  actors. 


II  A  5  d  (1) 
I  D  2  a  (2) 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  June  12,  1919* 


Our  last  guest  artist,  Llr.  Leon  Blank,  who  has  so  many  admirers  in 
Chicago,  and  who  always  plays  here  to  a  full  house,  has  not  been  suc- 
cessful with  his  latest  play.  He,  personally,  acted  as  usual — just  as 
the  audience  likes  it.  His  failure,  however,  should  be  charged  to  his 
manager,  Mr.  Edwin  Relkin,  and  to  the  New  York  Actors  Union  which  tricked 
him.  Mr.  Relkin  was  guilty  of  sending  him  to  Chicago  too  soon  after  his 
recent  success  here,  and  the  Actors  Union  of  sending  him  poor  supporting 
actors.  The  Union  seems  to  pity  the  unfortunates  and  receives  them  into 
its  folds  regardless  of  ability.  Therefore,  Mr.  Blank  was  tricked. 
Naturally,  the  Union  does  not  have  to  worry  about  its  good  actors;  they 
make  their  own  way  in  life.  For  that  reason,  it  concentrates  on  these 
others,  and  when  the  opportunity  presents  itself,  they  are  sent  out. 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  2  -  JSIVISH 

I  D  2  a  (2) 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  June  12,  1919. 

This  possibly  helps  the  individual  player  but  is  a  great  hindrance  to  the 
Jewish  stage,  for  these  players  do  not  hold  the  Jewish  audience.  Later, 
\fldien  a  good  troupe  comes,  the  public  becomes  skeptical  and  unv/illing 
to  attend,  thinking  only  that  they  will  be  fooled  again.  Such  actors 
only  discredit  the  stage  and  its  good  actors.  If  the  Union  had  the 
interests  of  the  theater  at  heart,  it  wDuld  be  more  careful  to  send  out 
good  supporting  actors,  and  not  ^hams'^  who  will  only  ruin  the  theater. 
Vie   hope  that  in  the  future  LIr.  Leon  Blank  will  not  permit  himself  to 
be  led  by  the  nose  by  either  the  Actors  Union  or  his  manager,  Mr.  Relkin. 
If  he  cannot  get  a  better  troupe  than  this  present  one,  he  should  remain 
at  home  and  enjoy  the  much-needed  rest  he  is  entitled  to  after  such  an 
arduous  and  successful  season. 

The  failure  of  Mr.  Leon  Blank  is  to  be  regretted  since  it  followed  so 
close  upon  his  greatest  theater  success  in  Chicago.  I  am  referring  to 
his  production  of  Peretz  Hirshbein's  ''The  Blacksmith's  Daughter"  supported 
by  the  troupe  of  Mr*  Morris  Schwartz.  This  troupe  was  triumphantly 

II  A  5  d   (1)  -  3  -  JS^flSH 

I  D  2  a   (2) 

Daily  Je\iri.8h  Courier >  June  12,   1919, 

successful.  Both  the  plays  that  they  presented  in  Chicago,  '^The  Forsaken 
Corner"  and  "The  Blacksmith • s  Daughter",  were  received  by  the  audiences 
with  indescribable  enthusiasm.  It  appears  that  our  Chicago  public 
knows  how  to  appreciate  good  plays  and  good  actors. 

In  "The  Blacksmith's  Daughter",  Morris  Schv/artz  and  Celia  Adler  gave 
such  exceptional  performances  that  the  audience  was  simply  enchanted 
by  their  acting.  Such  scenes  as  Chicago  had  never  witnessed  before 
delighted  the  audiences.  The  actors  were  literally  carried  on  the 
shoulders  of  the  crowd,  while  some  even  stopped  to  kiss  5tir.  Schwartz. 
Celia  Adler 's  acting  was  one  of  wonder  upon  wonder.  Often  in  the  same 
scene,  the  entire  range  of  human  emotions  was  brought  into  play. 
Besides,  she  was  original  throughout  in  all  her  movements.  Her  role 
was  so  well  portrayed  that  Mr.  Hershbein  can  thank  her  as  much  as  the 
public  ^or  the  success  of  the  perf  orraanc^T^. 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  4  -  jansH 

I  D  2  a  (2) 

Daily  Jewish  Courier >  Jxine  12,  1919. 

Mr.  Vichial  Goldsmith  played  the  role  of  a  grandfather  which  the  audience 
enjoyed  immensely.  Ludwig  Zatz  proved,  with  his  small  part  in  the  foiirth 
act,  that  an  artist  can  create  something  out  of  nothing.  Feretz  Hirshbein 
could  never  have  believed  that  such  an  insignificant  part  as  played 
by  Ludwig  Zatz  in  the  ^'Blacksmith^s  Daughter"  could  produce  so  much 
genuine  humor  and  laughter.  Now  we  can  readily  understand  what  chances 
Mr.  Leon  Blank  could  afford  to  have  taken  with  his  present  troupe  after 
these  productions  with  Morris  Schwartz,  Celia  Adler,  Ludwig  Zatz,  and 
Vichial  Gtoldsmith. 

II  A  3  <l  (1) 

Forward .  June  10,   19^3* 


'^^•'  C^i )  mL3027i 

2inpire  Tlier-tre 

Edwin  Halkln  ani  AJishel  Shore  present,,    for  the  first  time   in  Cliicago, 

^    the  ^reat  Jewish  Actor  -  .  . 

••  Samuel  (xoldenterg 

Together  V/lth 
Beckj'  Weintraub,  3eck^^  Trarik,  3orris  Cverhauch, 
IsQ-dor  Kasher,       Hark  S^rade,     A.   Goldstein, 
Zigmund  Sl^mugler     and    Lucy  ueruan 



Friday       and       Saturda^^ 

(Adv. ) 

ri  A  3  d  (1) 


Chicago  Forward       June  2,  1919  ^'^''  ^'^^-)  ^HOj. 30275 

Empire  Theatre       Edwin  Ralkin     Presents 

The  V/ell  Known  artist   -  Vr.  Leon  Blank 
In  the  most  successful  Comedy,     The  Shoe  Lltker 

Tuesday,  Yiednesday,   and  Thursday  Evening,  In  Honor  of  Shabbuoth 
Friday  evening,   Saturday  and  Sunday  llatinee  and  Evening. 


II  A  5  d   (1)  JS?7ISH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier >  May  29,   1919. 

By  S.  M.  Melomed 

Peretz  Hirshbein  is  one  of  those  writers  ;vho  has  a  "cockeyed'' 
outlook  on  life  and  therefore  sees  things  differently  from  most 
other  people.  He  is  a  Jewish  poet  from  the  rural  country,  not 
simply  a  country  man,  but  a  true  dyed-in-the-wool  one.  To  this 
very  day  the  tones  of  the  village  are  more  familiar  to  him  than 
those  of  the  city.  By  having  a  perverted  outlook  on  life,  and 
being  one-hundred-per-cent  rural,  he  was  able  to  write  "A  Forsaken 
Corner,**  a  genuine  Jewish  fiery-drama  of  strong  dramatic  conflicts, 
tragic  depth,  and  of  unique  Jewish  beauty.   If  Peretz  Hirshbein 
did  not  write  under  the  influence  of  Hauptman,  then  he  surely 
is  a  very  original  realist.  His  '-Forsaken  Corner**  reaches  the 

II  A  3  d  l^)  -  2  -  Jg^VISH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  May  29,  1919. 

heights  of  Hauptman's  realism. 

If  he  had  the  good  fortune  to  be  born  Hirshbein,  we  mean  by  that  a 
poet  with  many  marvelous  talents,  he  also  had  the  good  fortune  to 
meet  Morris  Schwartz,  Ludwig  Zatz,  and  Celia  Adler,  uhe  three  artists 
responsible  for  urbanizing  "che  country  man  and  for  putting  life, 
motion,  and  passion  into  his  play. 

'*A  Forsaken  Corner"  is  a  drama  in  three  acts.  The  first  act  is  more  than 
a  poem,  or  naive  folk  lyric.  The  plot  is  very  simple.  Note,  the  grave- 
digger,  has  a  daughter,  Tzirele,  who  falls  in  love  with  Noah,  the  son  of 
Hyman  Hersh,  the  miller.  Both  Note  and  Hyman  Hersh  are  lifelong 
enemies  unto  death,  because  the  grave-digger  wishes  to  quit  his  work 
to  become  a  miller,  thus  giving  Hyraan  Hersh  competition.  Both  are 

r     ■ 
I  t  1 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  3  -  JB^VISH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  May  29,  1919. 

strong,  passionate,  healthy  folksmen,  and  like  all  country  men, 
obstinate*  They  are  neighbors  who  out  of  pure  mutual  animosity 
wish  to  do  away  with  one  another,  stopping  at  nothing,  setting 
fire,  fighting,  etc. 

Note,  the  grave-digger,  meets  a  rich  young  lumber  merchant  who 
desires  to  finance  his  wish  provided  Note's  pretty  daughter  Tzirele 
becomes  his  wife.  But  Tzirele  loves  Noah  with  the  strength  and  passion 
of  Nature's  children.  Noah  returns  this  love.  But  the  mutual  deadly 
hatred  of  their  fathers  lies  in  their  path.  This  hatred  between  the 
elders  begins  to  assume  such  proportions  that  a  catastrophe  is  inevitable. 
Tzirele  runs  away  from  her  father,  the  grave-digger,  and  comes  to  Hyman 
Hersh's  home  where  she  is  sheltered  by  his  wife  and  son.  At  this  moment 
of  intense  dramatic  heights,  old  Tudrus,  the  grave-digger's  father, 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  4  -  JlT^nSH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  May  29,  1919. 

arrives  on  the  scene  seeking  to  bring  about  peace.  Tudrus  has  his 
son  in  hand,  for  hd  is  his  con.  After  much  efforts  and  talk,  the 
elder  succeeds  in  securing  some  control  over  Hyman  Hersh,  for  he, 
the  old  man  Tudrus,  had  officiated  at  the  death  of  Hersh' s  parents, 
offering  their  souls  to  Heaven.  V/hen  Hyman  Hersh  tries  to  remain  obstinate, 
the  old  man  cries  aloud,  "Lowly  creature,"  and  Hyman  Hersh  controls  him- 
self. In  the  end  Tudrus  succeeds  in  bringing  about  peace  between  the  two 
fathers,  thus  making  it  possible  for  Tzirele's  and  Noah's  heart  dreams 
to  become  a  reality. 

V/e  find  in  this  drama  a  wealth  of  psychological  phrases  which  are 
simple  and  rapturously  beautiful.  Here  v;e  see  Note,  the  grave-digger, 
a  Jew  of  about  50,  strong,  healthy,  ;\lld,  obstinate,  clever,  desiring 
to  use  his  Strong  fists.  V/ith  a  whip  in  his  hand  he  tries  to  force 
Tzirele  to  follow  in  his  ways,  but,  at  the  crucial  moment,  in  comes 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

-  5  - 


Daily  Jev:ish  Courier,  iiay  29,  1919. 

old  Tudrus  and  reprimands  hira,  ITcte  is  still  obstinate,   .lien  Tudrus 
shovjs  hi.i  the  vmip,  Note  beco.-nes  a  nouse,  •  •  .  The  big  strong  Ilote,  with 
his  long  beard,  stands  before  his  aged  father  as  Tsirele  would  stand  before 
him.  In  this  ex:^ression  of  true  Jev;ish  respect  for  parents,  lies  so  much 
deep  human  culture,  such  as  really  only  the  Jev;  can  portray. 

These  snail  psycholor'iical  phrases  i.iake  the  play  a  Jewish  one,  and  justify 
the  happy  ending.  V/ith  tv/o  pov/erful  heroes  in  the  play,  there  must  be  a 
catastrophe,  while  a  type  like  Tudrus  is  only  possible  among  Jews. 

Now,  tv;enty  years  after  the  draiia  v/as  v/ritten,  it  is  being  presented 
on  the  stage.  I,  at  least,  have  never  in  my  lifetime  seen  such  realistic 
and  extraordinary  artistic  actia^  in  the  Jev/ish  theater.  Only  Max 
Reinhardt^s  company  in  Berlin  can  in  their  actions  call  forth  so  much 
illusions  as  Ivlorris  Schwartz  and  :iis  troupe  do  in  this  play. 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  6  -  ji^/rrsH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier >  Ivlay  29,  1919 • 

Here  Jewish  tragedy  is  not  presented  with  signs  and  tearing  cloth 
(  for  the  dead),  but  by  means  of  wonderful  mimic,  through  candid 
worthy  acting  and  rythmic  movements. 

The  greatest  surprise  in  this  performance  is  not  the  roguish  and 

beloved  Celia  Adler;  neither  is  it  Morris  Schwartz,  nor  A.  Goldshmidt, 

who  play  Hyman  Hersh,  the  miller,  and  Note,  the  grave-digger.  It  is 

rather  the  comedian  Ludwig  Zatz,  who  here  reveals  himself  as  one  of 

the  greatest  tragedians.  He  plays  the  old  Tudrus.  Portraying  an 

old  man  can  only  be  accomplished  by  mimic,  not  by  motions,  because 

an  old  man's  motions  are  very  slow  and  not  individualistic.  All 

grandfathers  are  of  the  same  pattern  except  that  each  smells  his 

tobacco  in  his  own  way,  such  is  the  standing  tradition.  Ludwig 

Zatz  is  a  master  in  mimic.  His  art  consists  of  a  variation  of  expressions 

which  form  slowly  and  definitely  the  type  of  the  old  Jew,  the  old  father, 

the  clever  elder.  As  he  molds  this  character,  he  stands  bofgre  our  eyes  /  o^ 

vo  •'"/!.  p, 


II  A  5  d  (1)  -  7  -  TfflTISH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  May  29,  1919. 

so  true  and  impressive  that  we  cannot  forget  the  picture  he  presents, 
everything  else  being  soon  forgotten  except  Tudrus  as  played  by  Ludwig 
Zatz.  The  old  Tudrus  is  not  simply  a  spirited  live  figure  but  also  a 
deeply  tragic  one  which  suppresses  its  tragedy  with  the  aid  of  the 
psalms.  But,  v/hen  tragedy  finally  does  pierce  through  suppression, 
it  is  heartbreaking,  penetrating  our  senses  and  our  hearts. 

iVhat  makes  Zatz  the  great  artist  is  the  simple  way  in  which  he  works. 
He  can  awake  the  deepest,  most  touching  tones  from  an  ordinary  "fiddle^' 
with  only  one  string.  In  general  Jewish  actors  work  with  drums  and 
trumpets.  Ludwig  Zatz  plays  his  most  touching  role  on  a  small  violin 
and  creates  an  immense  impression  /Translators  note:  All  this  is 
figuratively  speaking^  He  is  therefore  unique  in  his  art. 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  8  -  JEWISH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier.  May  29,  1919. 

Of  Celia  Adler,  what  more  caii  we  say:   "Her  talent  is  inherited.^ 
She  acts  with  her  two  large  eyes  and  gracious  movements.  She  is, 
in  the  play,  only  as  she  can  be,  the  sweet  coimtry  maiden,  all  child, 
all  girl,  all  woman.  You  have  to  know  how  to  do  it.  But  she  knows, 
and  let  the  Gods  not  envy  her,  though  she  earns  their  envy,  - 

Morris  Schwartz  and  A.  Goldshmidt  present  their  roles  so  artistically 
and  characteristically  that  one  might  question:   "V/ho  gives  the  better 
performance?"  Both  present  successfully  the  role  of  the  obstinate 
country  man  in  a  true  rural  manner. 

If  Iferris  Stihwartz  has  reached  his  goal  in  acting,  he  attained  it 
through  mimic,  but  his  duties  are  not  as  difficult  as  that  of  Ludwig 
Zatz,  whose  role  is  the  stronger.  Goldshmidt,  on  the  other  hand,  v/ho 
plays  no  less  brilliantly  than  Morris  Schwartz,  must  portray  motion   ^j 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  9  -  JEinSH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier.  May  29,  1919. 

and  so  outdoes  the  role  of  Note,  the  grave-di  ger,  with  extraordinary 

Under  the  direction  of  Morris  Schwartz,  Tanenholtz,  playing  the  iiiiller*s 
son,  and  lover  of  Tzirele,  improved  in  his  art.  He  plays  with  a  certain 
charm,  developing  his  character  as  the  play  progresses.  In  the  first 
act,  Noah  is  quite  a  boy,  in  the  last  he  is  all  man.  His  training  under 
Morris  Schwartz  has  greatly  developed  his  acting  ability. 

Boris  Rozenthal,  who  plays  Chatzkell,  the  lumberman,  has  but  a  small 
part  from  which  we  cannot  ^udge  his  talents.  The  same  may  be  said  of 
the  three  women  in  the  play,  nanely,  Rosa  Rosenthal,  who  plays  Note 
the  grave-digger's  wife;  Sophia  Nadalski,  as  the  wife  of  Hymen  Her^, 
the  miller,  and  Sarah  Filler  in  the  role  of  a  grandmother,  a  crazdjf 

c  \ 

II  -i  5 

d  (1) 

-  10  - 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  .iuy 



woman  v;ho  rcaiis  the  cenetery  v;here  her  children  lie  buried.  The  two 
mother  roles  that  Peretz  Mirshbein  created  here  are  too  conventional 
to  give  Iladane  I^osenthal  and  Iladane  Iladalski  a  chance  to  display 
their  talent.  5arah  filler,  on  the  other  hand,  sets  forth  a  fev/ 
interesting  nhrases. 

How  will^Chicaco  welcone  this  nev;  revelation  of  Jev/ish  dramatic  art 
and  acti^.  Does  Chicago  only  v;ish  to  see  Jews  in  comedy  or  is  it 
interested  enough  to  receive  such  a  play  as  "The  forsaken  Corner" 
as  presented  by  the  artistic  troupe  of  Hew  York^s  Irvine  Place 
Theater?  Unintellicent  people  need  not  so   to  see  this  play. 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

■  -i      ■  -i 

Chicago  Torward  Uay  28,  I9I9 

iBplre  Theater 

Uonday  eTenlsg*  Jtoie  2 

Maorlee  Sohwarts 


''The  Blaokonlth's  Bao^liters" 

plus  the  two  fayorites 

Celia  Adler 
Ludvig  Satz 

(Adv. ) 


WPA  (lLL)PR0j.3G275 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

Chicago  Forward    Majr  28,  1919 

Snpire  Thef^ter 

Today  and  tomorrow  enreaing,  fclday,  Satiirday  and  Sunday 

Uatinee  and  Srening 

The  yonng  artist 

Maurice  Schwartz 

and  onr  two  favorites 

Cella  Adler 
Ludvlg  Satz 


"Aa  Abandoned  Comer** 



WPA(!LUPROJ.  30275 

llll^  W?A  (ILL)  PRO/.  30275 

Forward,  May  23,   I9I9. 

He^brew  Drama  will  "be  presented  in  the  Douglas  Park  Auditorium. 

A  Bi"blical  drama  in  k  acts,  "by  M,    Salkind  will  be  presented  Sunday,  May 
25th,   "by  the   students  of  the  B^nai  Zion  Jewish  Day  Nursery  School,  iinder 
the  supervision  of  their  teacher  Miss  Bruche  Mixeman.     The  plsy  was  per- 
formed several  weeks  ago  and  proved  very  successful. 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

Jorward,  May  19,  I919. 
Empire  Theater* 

Up stairs  and  Downstairs 
Comedy  and  Music  by  Harry  Kolomonovich 
Produced  by  Barris  Tomashevsky 
Music  ty  Bunshlnky. 


WFA  (ILL,)  PROj.  30276 

li  A  5  d  (1)  JgtflSH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  May  15,  1919, 


Madame  Melvina  Lobel,  the  well-knovm  dramatic  actress,  and  Mr.  Samuel  Rosen- 
stone,  the  great  lover  and  singer,  with  a  good  company  of  actors  and  ac- 
tresses, are  now  playing  at  the  Empire  Theater.  They  present  '♦The  Might  of 
Conscience,**  a  sensational  life  pict\ire  in  four  acts  by  William  Siegel. 

Yesterday  evening  was  the  first  performance.  The  play  appealed  strongly  to 
the  audience  and  is  expected  to  draw  more  capacity  houses.  It  will  also  be 
given  tonight,  Friday  night,  Saturday  and  Sunday  matinee  and  evening. 

In  the  Lobel-Rosenstone  Company  we  find  the  soubrette  Sadie  Shehngold. 

II  A  3   d  (1)  JEWISH 

WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30275 

Forwards  May  12,  19 19* 

Empire  Theater • 

Welcome  to  Chicago* 

Jifaae*  Malvina  Lobel,  r^#  Samuel  Rosenstein,  the  well  known  singer,  Miss  Sadie 
Sheingold,  the  young  soubrette  who  will  play  for  the  first  time  in  Chicago, 

The  Strength  of  Conscience 

Wednesday,  Thursday  and  Friday  evening,  May  14  -  15  -  16. 
Saturday  euid  Sunday  matinee  and  evening,  May  17  -  18» 


II  A  3  d  (1)  JEWISH 

WPA  (ILL)  PROi.  30275 

Forward,  May  U,  I919, 

Two  Hassian  dramas  will  be  presented  in  the  Empire  Theater,  by  the  well 
known  Russian  artists  from  N.  Y. ,  Chicago,  and  Detroit. 

Monday  evening.  May  12th,  I919. 

Lower  Depths^ 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


WPA  (ILL)  PRQl  30275 
Forward.  May  3.  I919. 

Gartners  Independence  Theater,  Friday  and  Saturday,  Whom  Does 
She  Love,_ 

A  drama  in  3  acts,  Siinday  matinee  and  evening,  A  Man  and  His  Con- 
science ♦ 

Monday  to  Thursday,  Money  Love  and  Shame,  in  3  acts. 

II  A  5  d  (1) 
I  B  3  a 


Daily  Jev/ish  Courier >  Llay  1,  1919. 


David  Kessler,  the  noted  Jewish  actor,  and  his  iiovthy   company,  are  play- 
ing at  present  at  the  ^rapire  Theater, 

ilr.  Ilessler  opened  yeoterday  evening  v;ith  "Lost  Hope,"  which  took  the 
audience  by  storm.  The  s^me  play  v/ill  be  presented  tonight  and  tomorrov/, 
Friday  evening.  ..Iso  Saturday  and  Sunday,  natinee  and  evening. 

"Lost  Hope,"  New  York  critics  sa^;-,  is  one  of  Z.  Libin^s  most  powerful  and 
thrilling  dramas.  It  depicts  the  deplorable  family  tragedy  of  an  ill- 
suited  marria  e,  and  the  sufferings  of  a  father  for  his  unfortunate  child. 

In  the  Kessler  company  we  have  the  following  talent:  L'ladame  Ray  Schnayer, 
Liadame  Becky  .^einshtoib,  Becky  Frank,  i:r.  Jacob  Frank,  iJ?.  Louis  ITyman, 
and,  to   Chicago  theater-goers,  that  so  well  knov/n  soubrette.  Hiss  Rosetta 



II  A  5  d   (1) 
I  B  3  a 

-  2  - 


Daily  Jewish  Courier  >  llay  1,  1919. 


lass  Rosetta  Bialis  has  played  this  season  at  the  Eighth  Street  Theater, 
Philadelphia,  attaining  great  success.  For  next  season  she  v/ill  be 
Chicaso's  o\m,  being  induced  by  Llessers.  Shugarberg  and  Paulee  to  play 
in  their  itepire  Theater  company. 

Mr.  David  Kessler  is  one  of  the  most  outstanding  and  significant  Jewish 
actors  that  the  Jewish  stage  possesses,  and  his  coming  to  Chicago  should 
be  acclaimed  by  everyone. 

As  expected,  the  play  •♦The  Riddle  .Voman,"  in  which  Lladame  Bertha  Kalish 
portrays  the  heroine,  is  a  huge  success.  The  V/oods  Theater,  where  it  is 
now  showing,  is  filled  to  capacity  every  night.  I.'any  admirers  of  the 
great  artist  must  be  turned  away  because  the  '♦house  is  sold  out.''  To 


•» .  f 

V   ■/ 


II  A  3  d  (1)  -  3  -  JEiiJSE 

I  B  3  a 

Daily  Jewish  Courier.  May  1,  1919* 

secure  a  good  seat,  one  must  get  tickets  three  or  four  days  in  advance. 

The  press  greeted  Itodame  Kalish  with  a  hearty  reception.  All  critics  of 
large  newspapers  in  Chicago  are  enthused  by  her  splendid  performance,  her 
fine  diction,  and  her  majestic  appearance.  LHore  people  come,  not  so  much  to 
see  the  play,  than  to  see  Madame  Kalish.  She  is  the  center  of  the  show* 

Messers.  Paulee  and  Shugarberg  have  this  Monday  closed  the  season  of  their 
Empire  Theater  performances  by  giving  a  banq.uet  for  actors  and  reporters  of 
the  press.  At  this  affair,  l^.  Shugarberg  announced  the  coming  engagements 
for  next  season  to  be  opened  sometime  in  the  last  days  of  August,  with  a 
cast  which  includes  Miss  Rosetta  Bialis,  Mr.  and  Li!rs.  Krohner,  Mr.  and  l-Irs. 
Bulman,  David  Scheinholtz,  Vasha  Rosenthahl,  Harry  Hochstone,  and  the  noted 
Prima  Donna  Madame  Clara  Rafalo. 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  4  -  JEV/I3H 

I  B  3  a 

Pail:'  Jev/ish  Courier,  I.'ay  1,  1919. 

This  is  not  the  comolete  ensemble  for  the  ^^pire  Theater.  I'ore  talent 
not  nor  forthconing  will  soon  be  announced  b;'  the  Manageinent. 

At  nres9nt  they  are  busy  with  ^attractions  for  the  su;irier  season,  to  be 
presented  first  with  David  Kessler  and  conpany. 

Eighteen  performances  were  presented  at  the  Empire  Theater  by  Leon  Blank. 
Kis  v/as  both  a  moral  and  a  financial  success. 

During  six  of  the  eighteen  days,  it  rained  and  was  generally  bad  weather, 
but  the  audiences  came,  filling  the  theater  from  end  to  end. 

l»!r.  Leon  Blank  may  truly  state  that  the  Jewish  theater-goers  of  Chicago 
are  with  and  for  him,  notwithstanding  circu:astances  outside  the  theater. 
Sorrowful  nev;s  from  across  the  seas,  the  various  glamorous  amusements 


*  ■  A  .? 


II  A  5  d  (1) 
I  B  3  a 

-  5  - 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  I^y  1,  1919. 

here  have  not  hindered  them  f  I'on  coning  to  see  hin*  Jev/ish  theater 
lovers  in  Chicago,  now  ask:   **VJhen  '.'/ill  I'r.   Blank  visit  us  again?" 

II  A  3  d  (1) 



Torjjard,  April  29,   I919 
Empire  Theater. 

Edwin  A.  Relkin  presents  the  greatest  Jewish  artist  David  Kessler  with  an 
ensemble  of  the  outstanding  actors  on  the  Jewish  stage. 

Wednesday  evening,    Saturday  and  Sunday  matinee  and  evening  -  May  1  -  2  - 
3  -  U,  The  Lost  Hope,  Life  drama  in  U  acts  hy  Z.  Luhin, 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


WPA  fill,)  pro;.  3027' 

Forward.  April  I9,  I9I9 

Empire  Theater.  On  Monday  evening  April  2Sth,  I919,  Mr.  Leon  Blank  will  bid 
farewell  to  the  public.  He  will  play,  "The  Wild  One." 


II  A  3  d  (1) 

Forrard,  April  1^,  1S19. 

Gartner's  Independence  Theater 
12th  St.  near  Independence  Blvd. 

Sunday,  m-tinee  and  evening 
The  great  corned;^'  laugh 

ti-Lv.  ±  >^i^ 

WPA  (ilL.)  ?m.  30275 

A  Guer,t  from  the  Future  Tcrld. 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


i'^AOLL)  PRO,,  3027 

Forward,  April  18,  1919. 

Gartner •s  Independence  Theater 
I2th  St.  near  Independence  Blvd» 

In  Honor  of  the  Holiday,  7/e  will  present  on 
Friday  evening  and  Saturday 

A  Beautiful  Comedy 
My  Wife^s  Family 
in  3  acts* 

II  A  3  d  (1) 



Forward.  April  18,  1919. 

Gartner* 8  Independence  Theater 
12th  St.  and  Independence  Blvd. 

Monday,  Tuesday  matinee  and  evening 
VITednesdey  and  Thursday  evening 
The  most  beautiful  realistic  play 

The  Picture  of  Life. 

n  A  3  d  (1) 

?T^T  en 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

Chico.^o  ?orv;:'.r.s   April  11th,    I5I9. 

G-ertner' s  Inr'fpendcnce  Thf^r.tre 

The   staff   0*   G-ertner^s  Ir^^^^Denc^rnce  Ther-ter  is   •vcrhinr  v-^ry  harr^    to  ^et   the   theater 
clean  in  tir.e  for  Passov-^r  at   wh--*  ch  tine  Uv,    G-^rtri'='r  will   ^r^sent  Brinc.ely  Cossack 
as  £niest  artist. 

To-d.-^y  an'^    to-morro^r,    thp   t-ieater   is   o:^"pring  Crime!  Piinishnent;    and   Simr'ay 
matinee  snd  evenine;  His  First  'iVifp,   a  rrielocrr'^n-ia  l^y  S'-nmel  Coh'-^n, 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


^P^  OIL)  FROl  30275 

Forward t  April  11,  1919, 
The  Empire  Theatre* 

The  Empire  Theatre  is  proud  to  present  Mr,  Leon  Blank,  a  Jewish  artist, 
in  the  play  -A  Friend  in  Life."  It  will  be  shown  the  15th,  16th,  18th,  19th 
and  20th  of  April,  matinee  and  evening* 

II  A  3  d  (1) 



Forward .  April  II,  1319. 

TiJmpire  Theatre. 
"Take  care  of  your  Daughters**,  a  musical  comedy  will  be  presented  for  the 
first  time  in  the  City  of  Chicago  at  the  Empire  Theatre.  The  play  will  be 
shown  on  the  evening  of  April  12th,  13th,  Friday  and  Saturday  and  Sunday  14th, 
matinee  and  evening. 

II  A  5  d  (1) 
II  B  1  b 


Daily  Courier >  Apr.  10,  1919. 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 


Never  before  has  the  American  stage  in  Chicaco  seen  such  an  array  of  famous 
Jevash  actresses  as  now.  The  show  at  the  Playhouse,  now  on  its  tenth  v/eek, 
is  a  success,  despite  the  fact  thct  the  play  has  little  literary  value. 

The  star  of  the  play,  Lliss  Elizabeth  Brice,  is  alone  responsible  for  this 
gigantic  success. 

Miss  Brice  possesses  all  the  qualities  of  a  great  artist;  personality,  refine- 
ment, character,  looks,  beauty,  grace,  and  a  very  sv;eet,  mellov/  voice. 


Throughout  the  play,  she  keeps  her  audience  enchanted  with  her  loveliness,  poise 
and  charm. 

Her  lively  and  rhythmic  gestures  create  an  enchanted  atmosphere  which  even  the 
most  pessimistic  enjoy. 

II  A  5  d   (1)  -  2  -  Jg;JISH 

II  B  1  b 

WPA  iWL)  ^'^^y,   2[U]z 

Daily  Courier >  Apr.  10,  1919. 

A  similar  reputation  is  enjoyed  by  Ivliss  Vivian  3e/^al,  who  appears  as 
leading  lady  in  the  musical  conedy  **0,  Lady,  Lady,"  at  the  La  Salle  Theater. 

Hiss  Segal  has  been  only  three  years  on  the  stage  and  already  has  made  her- 
self very  popular. 

Miss  Segal  is  proud  of  being  the  daughter  of  a  Russian  Jev/ish  immigrant,  not 
following  the  custom  of  many  Jewish  stage  and  opera  stars  who  generally  hide 
their  Jev;ishness  by  changing  their  names. 

Being  possessed  of  a  strong  and  pleasant  dramatic  voice,  Lliss  Segal  expects 
to  make  grand  opera  her  career. 

iie  meet  other  Jewish  stars  in  the  dramatic  field:  one  is  Miss  Frances  Lorimar, 
whose  Jewish  name  is  Adler,  niece  of  the  world  famous  Jewish  actor,  Jacob 
Adler.  She  climbed  the  ladder  of  success  step  by  step,  and  has  been  on 
the  stage  for  the  last  ten  .yeaifd.  Miss  Lorimar  became  famous  through  a 
mere  coincidence:  once  she  ha-d  to  substitute  for  a  famous  actress  and  did  it 
so  well  that  ever  since  she  has  been  assigned  to  star  roles. 

II  A  5  d  (1)                     -  3  -           JE^nSR      u,PA  ,M.  ,  .„.,  „^.^^ 
II  Bl  \>  '  ^^'^^''  ^"^^   "^^^275 

Daily  Courier >  Apr.  10,  1919 • 

Another  great  Jewish  actress  on  the  American  Stage  is  Hiss  Bertha  Kalish, 
who  will  start  next  week  at  the  Vfoods  Theater • 

Miss  Kalish  is  at  present  considered  the  greatest  tragedienne  on  the  Ameri- 
can stage.  She  possesses  a  winning  personality. 

Liadame  Kalish  lives  in  a  v/orld  of  art  and  beauty.  In  her  spare  time,  she 
takes  her  brush  and  paints  and  draws  magnificent  sceneries.  Some  claim  that 
she  has  intimate  abstractions  in  colors  and  hues. 

As  in  New  York,  her  performances  in  Chicago  will  be  no  doubt  a  success,  for 
Madame  Kalish  has  here  many  admirers  of  art  and  beauty* 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


I  E 

W?A  OIL)  p,Oj,  3027i 

Forward,  .Varch  19,  1919. 


The  United  States  Lodge  78,  of  the  Progressive  Order  of  the  Tes*?,  is  giving  a 
theatrical  perforniance  tonight,  at  the 

Empire  Theater, 

pany  of  the  Empire  Theater. 

The  Jewish  Crown  will  be  played  by  the  entire  com- 

All  P.  0.  7/.  members,  come  and  bring  your  friends.   The  box  office  will  be  open 
after  2  P.  lH.   to  exchange  tickets. 

II  A  3  d  (1) 
II  B  1  d 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

Forwards  March  16,  19I9» 

Aimounceraent:  Grand  Celebration.  An  Anniversary  Night* 

In  honor  of  the  tfen  years  existence  of  the  Literary  Dramatic  Society,  a  celebra-. 
tion  will  take  place  Saturday  night  April  5th,  when  the  famous  drama  that  made  its 
success  in  New  York  -  The  Desolate  Spot,  in  4  acts,  by  ?•  Hirshbein  -  will  he  pre- 
sented* The  author  himself,  Mr.  Hirshbein,  is  coming  here  especially  to  direct  his 
drama,  which  will  be  given  in  the  Central  Music  Hall,  Van  Buren  and  Michigan  sts. 
Mr.  Hirshbein  will  speak  betv/een  the  acts.  Tickets  can  be  purchased  at  the  For- 
ward, at  the  Cooperative  restaurant,  and  from  the  members  of  the  Society* 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

rorv/-  ra 

v^  .*y  <  •  X  .^ ..  i 

WPA  f!LL,)  PRCJ.  3C275 

Announce -.c^ts 

Ijinjir-:   Ilieatre 

rue  oar* 

■Q.PTo-T'   f 

V^'  ^      —     \/ 

»  — ,  n  r*  j'^  :  -• 

.   .  l..<v  ^    ^^  -  1        J..  .1.   u .  1 

-»-,      ^^  r^   '•',  '>  •>•♦      .~i  "f 

n  - 1  T» 

^%    -. 


.-^i-rice   ^.^ore 

r^oa-n  J;^r--Ji  Adler 

in  the   le   ''in._   role. 

'  t^   l':o    j-nt Ire   cr^st . 


n  A  1  d  (1) 

II  D  10 
II  D  3 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 



^^  )i 

1  O''  O 

Today  anr  to-n^rrov  -  tvo  t-:;r-efit  ;:crfor  ■:-ricef-: 
f 0 -*  the  Denver  3:in:.t''-rii:n  f-^r  C'*^nr';'notlves. 

^■'•'.e    j:.'^'. 

The  P'-nver  Sanitaririrn  h-  :;   fro-:   5tr5  "heglnnin^  "been  a  ,:;r^^    t  hel;  to 
those  u.nfortanatec  v;ho    L:\ffer  f ro  t   th-t   irdrstrial   disease   conscription. 
It   l*s  an  irctlt-tion   th:^-t   ^"ell   dercr-^^c^G   th^   financial   a'.f   anc!    assistance 
of  the  Je'^lsh  niaBses. 


famo'is   .rtlst  Mme.    oarvih  A:^ler  will  pla:^  for  the  first    jerformance 

,sr-\^v»"^      ""^T^-^r"-     "Oa^''^^*'' 

11  A  3  d  (1) 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ,  30276 
Forwards  February  28,  19 19* 

Anno  uncement  s • 

Zuckerberg  back  from  New  York  -  Will  soon  open  his  new  bag  of  tricks. 

Something  new  is  expected  in  the  theatrical  world*  Hrshel  Zuckerberg  (the 
Prime  Minister)  of  the  Empire,  who  was  visiting  New  York  for  the  last  two  weeks 
is  returning,  with  packs  and  bags  of  new  tricks  for  the  Chicago  Jewish  theatre 

In  the  Chicago  theatrical  circles,  it  is  well  known,  if  Zuckerberg  is  re- 
turning from  a  trip  in  the  east,  he  must  bring  with  him  something  new,  something 
surprising*  Zuckerberg  tells  what  he  has  accomplished  in  New  York*  First  of 
all  he  divided  the  heritage  with  Edwin  A  Relkin*  Relkin  will  be  the  King  of  the 
East  and  Zuckerberg  the  King  of  the  West*  Zuckerberg  will  send  out  companies, 
from  .Chicago  to  towns  and  cities  in  the  west*  Zuckerberg 's  power  in  the  west  is 
well  known  by  Relkin* 

t  J   -   »   •- 

Page  2 

II  A  3  djl) 


WPA  (ILL)  PROj.  30275 

Forward,  February  28,  1919. 

For  next  season  Mr.  Zuckerberg  engaged  a  well  known  actress  for  the  Empire, 
which  is  a  loss  for  New  York,  and  that  is  the  famous  soubrette,  Dora  Weisman* 

As  to  plays,  Mr.  Zuckerberg  has  arranged  with  the  Author's  League  of  New 
York,  which  peroiits  him  to  present  in  Chicago  all  the  plays  that  are  being 
played  in  New  York* 


II  ^3  4(1)  '^Pw.-., 

P0HWA3DS,   -yehraary  2U.   1913.  ""  ^''-W  P%)j. 30^75 

Empire  Tlieatre 

Welcome  our  guest  -  Tlie  ^^aeen  of  the  Jewish  sta^e  -     Madam  Sarah  Adler. 

A  week  of  Art, 

Friday  and  Saturday  night  'Feb,   2S  and  llarch  1st, 

First  a-'pearance  of  our  guest  artist  Lladam  Sarah  Adler  in  Count  lolstoy^s 

Sunday  night  Mar,  2d  -  UadaTi  Sarah  Adler 

In  JacoT)  Gordon's  Masterpiece  -True  Power 

Sat.  Matinee  -Madam  Sarah  Adler  in  Grod's  Punishment,  "by  Z.Lebin 

Sun,  Matinee   Madam  Sarah  Adler,  in  -Without  a  Home,  "by 

Jaco'b  Gordon, 

ii  A  ^  a  u> 

?orv-Tard.   ?e"bruar::  22,   19 19 


Gartners  Independent  Theatre 

12th  Street  near  Independence  31vd, 

Saturday Free  Love     by  Cohen 

Siindac^ The  TTeddin^  ITight 

(Llatinee  ^z  ITight) 

Matinee  at   2:15  P.M. 
jlvenin^s  at     7-0     ?.'.!. 

WPA  (ILL)  PfiOj.  30275 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


^^^^  OIL)  PP,Ol  30275 

Forward^   February  14,   1919 • 
Eknpire  Theatre* 

— ? 

As  long  as  B*  Bernstein  is  in  Chicago,  we  shall  laugh*  Who  else,  besides 
Bernstein  can  make  the  audience  so  happy? 

Friday  night,  Saturday  matinee  and  night,  Sunday  matinee  and  night,  February 
14th,  15th,  and  16th,  we  present 

The  Awakening*  by  Uoses  Richter* 

Mr*  Bernard  Bernstein  -  -  -  in  a  comical  role* 

Mr*  David  Levenson  -  -  -  -  in  a  interesting  character  role* 

MrF*  Sally  Shore  -----  in  a  brilliant  mother  role* 

Miss  Ida  Goldstein  -  -  -  -  -in  her  exceptional  success  role* 

Mr*  Bakshitsky  ------  in  an  interesting  father  role* 

Miss  Erber  --------  -in  a  juvenile  role* 

Mr*  Harry  Hochstein  -  -  -  -  in  an  opportune  role,  to  display  his  art. 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


W?A  (ILL)  PKDJ.  mjb 

Forward,  February  10,  1919* 

BSnpire  Theatre,  Madison  and  Hals  ted  St« 

Pauley  and  Zukerberg,  Managers • 

Tonight,  Madam  Clara  Rafala  -  Mr.  Morris  Kroner  with  the  assistance  of  the 
entire  artist  cast* 

In  a  Mother^s  Heart 
Tlie  best  seats  for  ladies,  25j^» 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


^'^  CU  )  PROJ,  30 


Forward^  February  9,  1919 • 

Gartner's  Independence  Theatre • 
12th  St.  and  Independence  Blvd. 

Friday  and  Saturday  will  be  played 

Sarah  from  12th  St>  by  S.  Kohn. 

Sunday  -  Matinee  and  night 

The  Sold  Soul 
Tuesday  night,  February  11th,  a  performance  to  honor  Mr*  Gartner 

The  Maniac  -  by  Jacob  Gordon,  with  the  consent  of 
Mr*  Jacob  P«  Adler* 

II  A  5  d  (1)  JMJSE 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  June  6,  1918. 

Northwest  Side  Jews  Get  Their  Own  Theater 

Samuel  B.  Grossiaan  and  a  company  of  select  actors  open  toraorrov;  night  at 
the  Crown  Theater,  with  Libbin^s  "One  Law  for  Both". 

It  is  an  old,  old  rule  that  your  own/tliin^/^^®^^  sweeter  than  the  other 
fellow's;  that  your  own  is  lODre  honored  and  loved  than  the  other  fellow's; 
that  your  own  is  nearest  to  your  heart.  We  recalled  this  rule  now  for  this 
reason:  the  Northv/est  Side  Jews  have  lived  long  enough  to  obtain  finally  a 
theater  of  their  own — a  thing  that  they  have  v/anted  for  some  time. 

Mr.  Samuel  B.  Grossman,  an  old-time  Chicago  actor,  is  the  one  who  has  earned 
the  thanks  of  the  Northwest  Side  Jews  for  this  gift.  And  let  the  Y'Yasher 
Ko-ach  (literally,  Llay  He  confirm  your  power,  figuratively.  Congratulations 

2  ^.?.^. 

II  A  5  d   (1)  -  2  -  jaiiOSH 


Daily  Jev/lsh  Courier,   June  6,  1918. 

and  thanks)  be  expressed  immediately. 

Mr.  Grpossman  has  truly  estimated  the  great  need  that  the  Jews  of  that  neigh- 
borhood have  felt  for  a  theater  of  their  own.  And  he  took  the  trouble  to 
obtain  the  biggest  and  nicest  theater  that  the  Northwest  Side  has,  namely, 
the  Crown  Theater,  at  Division  Street  and  ilshland  Avenue.  This  theater  has 
sixteen  hundred  comfortable  seats  and  a  large  stage.  And  tomorrow  nighty  it 
will  open  as  a  Jewish  theater  with  Z.  Libbin*s  successful  drama  of  life, 
♦'One  Law  for  Both".  The  play  is  one  of  the  best  that  Libbin  has  written. 
And  besides  tomorrow  (Friday)  night,  it  will  also  be  played  Saturday  liatinee 
and  evening. 

For  the  Sunday  IJatinee  and  evening  performances  xir.  Grossman  has  arranged  to 
present  the  four-act  liusical  comedy,  '•The  Passionate  Girl'',  by  M.  Goldberg. 
It  will  imdoubtedly  make  a  great  hit  with  the  public  because  of  the  fine 
songs  and  even  finer  humor  that  this  work  contains.  In  a  word,  this  summer 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  3  -  ja?ISH 


Daily  Jev/ish  Courier >  June  6,  1918. 

will  be  a  lively  one  on  the  ITorthy/est  Side,  and  we  hope  that,  with  God's 
help,  v;e  shall  be  able  to  enjoy  it. 

The  certain  success  of  the  Crown  as  a  Jewish  theater  lies  not  only  in  the 
fact  that  Lir.  Grossman  stands  at  the  head  of  this  undertaking  and  will  cer- 
tainly direct  all  his  efforts  towards  satisfying  the  public.  The  success  is 
also  guaranteed  because  together  with  Mr.  Grossman  there  will  always  appear 
a  company  of  select  actors  who  are  particularly  well  trained  to  amuse  the 
public  because  they  have  had  conside3?able  stage  experience.  The  actors  are: 
Ivtp.  Ziggelob  and  Lliss  Rubin,  both  of  New  York;  Llr.  Nusbaum,  llr.  Yanover,  and 
many  others  who  are  well  qualified  to  perform  on  the  Jev;ish  stage. 

It  is  therefore  expected  that  the  Jews  of  the  Northwest  Side  will  knov;  how  to 
appreciate  their  own  theater  and  will  actually  come  tomorrow  evening  to  cele- 
brate the  opening  of  the  Crown  Theater.  For  tomorrov;  will  be  a  holiday  on 
the  Northwest  Side;  and  all  must  be  present  at  a  holiday  celebration. 

II  A  5  d  (1) 
II  B  1  d. 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Lay  1,  1918. 

mR.    JACOB  BICIT  Aivll  A  GUEST  IN  GlilG^GO 

The  faiaous  Jevdsh  actor,  Lr.  Jacob  Ben  iini,  arrived  in  Chicago  yesterday  and 
will  be  the  guest  of  the  local  Literary-Dramatic  society. 

Under  the  sponsorship  of  the  League  of  Literary-Dramatic  Societies,  i^.  Ben 
Ami  will  give  a  perfor/aance  at  the  local  haymarket  Theater  on  the  eleventh  and 
twelfth  of  Liay,  presenting  Cssip  Deenov's  ''The  Hired  Groom".  Ke  vail  begin 
shortly  to  rehearse  with  the  members  of  the  local  Dramatic  Society,  vAio  will 
appear  in  this  literary  and  beautiful  tragicomedy.  lo*.  Ben  Ami  v/ill  play  the 
role  of  the  "hired  groom'\ 

Jacob  Ben  Arai  is  one  of  the  most  talented  young  actors  in  iiiaerica.  Although 
he  has  been  in  /jaerica  only  a  few  years,  he  has  attained  a  great  reputation 
as  an  artist.  In  all  the  plays  in  which  he  appeared  in  New  York  he  dis- 
tinguished himself  and  made  an  impression  in  the  theatrical  world. 

II  A  5  d  (1)                     .  2  .                           Jir.'-ISH 
II  B  1  d  

Daily  Jevash  Courier,  :.xay  1,  1918. 

Ee  once  appeared  in  Chicago  several  years  af-o  and  here  also  met  xvith  great 

'  1 


II  A  5  d  (1) 
I  C 

I  A  3 

II  B  1  e 


Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  Apr.   11,   1918, 

Tik;  je;7Ish  thii.atiijl:;  in  Chicago 

By  I*  Dua 

The  local  Kayinarket  Theatre,  under  the  direction  of  Jacob  Palei  and 
Joseph  Kessler,  is  about  to  close  its  present  season  as  a  permanent 
Jewish  Theatre  in  Chicago,  leaving  the  stage  to  the  llev;  York  guests, 
who  will  appear  in  all  their  glory  before  our  public  in  their  "success- 
ful dramas"  which  "took  New  'iork  by  storm"  earlier  in  the  season. 

As  is  usually  the  custom,  such  a  situation  affords  us  the  opportunity 
to  give  a  general  review  of  the  plays  pre.'ented  during  the  season  and 
to  reviev/  what  the  theatre  gave  to  the  public,  and  what  it  received  in 

Were  we  to  adhere  to  the  established  custom,  v/e  would  begin  with  the 
opening  of  the  ..eason  seven  months  ago,  and  analyze  everything  v/hich  has 
been  presented  since  that  time. 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEWISH 

I  C 

I  ±\.  '5  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Apr.  11,  1918. 

II  B  1  e 

But  let*s  liiake  an  exception  in  th-s  particular  case,  and  try  to  satis- 
fy ourselves  v;ith  only  a  fei;  short  reiiiarks  about  the  plays  given  and 
the  players,  who  entertained  the  local  public. 

Soiae  two  dozen  dramas,  melodramas,  comedies,  operetta.^  and  plays  of  the 
old  repertoire,  as  viell   as  some  new  classics  were  presented  at  the  liay- 
market  Theatre  in  the  past  season,  -^imone:  then  were  also  some  literary 
plays,  which  satisfied,  more  or  less,  a  cultured  audience.   But  when 
you  examine  the  complete  repertoire,  then  the  '*literary^*  pl^^y  is  complete- 
ly lost  in  the  mountain  of  tra^'h  which  was  constantly  presented. 

iVho  is  to  be  blamed?  Certainly  not  the  r.ianagementl  The  theatrical  direct- 
ors are  businessmen  first  of  all;  /"they  are^T"  people  for  whom  the  theater 
exist;  for  profit,  and  i.iainly  frol^i  this  standpoint  is  a  play  accepted  or  , 
rejected.  The  taste  and  likes  of  the  public,  upon  whom  the  exi.^t^nce  of   ■ 
the  theater  depends,  determine  the  quality  of  the  J)lay. 

♦.  -^ 

II  ;.  5  d  (1) 

I  0 

I  ..  3 

II  B  1  e 



Daily  «^"evdsh  Courier,  .-^^r.  11,  1918. 

Although  v;e  do  not  prefer  to  see  it  thii:;  i/ay,  the  fact  that  the 
public  would  rather  be  entertained  by  a  filtliy  play  than  b^/  a  fine  literary 
one,  from  which  it  receives  little  amusement.  This  means  that  the  manage- 
ment ib  coiipelled  to  present  only  plays  which  appeal  to  the  ^-eneral  public. 

This  is  an  ancient,  bitter  truth  in  ref:ara  to  the  Jevlsh  Theatre  in  general 
and  Chica.'O  is  no  excef^tion. 

«;h.en  vou  bear  in  n'nd  that  the  theatre  ha:">  alv;ays  been  looked  UDon  a^^^  an 
educational  institution  for  the  riia  ses,  you  are  overpowered  with  rloomy 
foreboding  when  vou  hear  all  the  cynical  songs,  the  foolish  couplets  and  ;  -;  v,  -  a  ^ 
stale  v;it,  which  are  iuevit-bly  found  in  the  artificial  J"ewish  Plays.    \^^   *  " '^^ 

Usually  it  is  ex*oected  that  the  theater  should  maintain,  to  a  certain 
deo:rce,  a  local  charact.^r  to  attract  t:.e  public.  In  the  past  season, 
when  the  present  h^ymarket  L^ana^^ement  oi-ned  the  .Jmpire  Theatre,  this  v/as 
the  ca;..e.  In  fact  there  were  presented  Leon  ZolotokoffTs  "  Troubadour" 
and  Jonah  Spivak's  "Daniel  Deronda" — tv;o  presentations  of  a  higher  quality, 
v/ritten  by  Chicago  authors,  and  which,  contrary  to  general  expectations, 

II  A  5  d   (1) 

I  G 

I  .^  3 

II  3  1  e 

-   4  - 


Dail;.''  Jev:ish  Courier,  .Inr.   11,   1918 

were   [greatly  liked  by  the  local  public. 

Unfortunately,   this  cannot  bo   saicl  about  the  liaynarket  Tlieatre's  present 
season.     Local  tyr^es  ana  cliaractcri sties  v/.re  absent.     I.ost  of  the  plays 
v;ere   iiaported  from  Ue\    Yor!:,   and  it   seeiaed  that  Chica{;*o  has  no  productions 
of  its  ov>n,   but  ha.,   been  fed  hy  th^^  blessings  of  that  other  city. 

Did  this  benefit   the  local  Jev/ish  theatre? 

V/e*d  rather  leave   it  for  the  public   to  decide.     The  public  knov;s  the  answer, 
as  v;ell  as  v/e  do. 

'.vhile  on  the  subject  of  the  Jev;ish  liayiiiarket  Theater   season,   v/e  v/ish  to  take 
this  opTX)rtunitv  to  sav  a  fev;  words  about  the  actors,   v;ho  for  seven  months 
played  under  the  direction  of  I'x.    Joseph  i^essler.     The  business  manager  was 
the  untirinc  Jjcob  Falei,  vjell-knovm  to  tlie  local  public  as  the  most  capable 
worker  in  the  Chicara  Jewish  theater. 

II  A  5  d   (1) 
I  C 

I  A  3 

II  B  1  e 

-  5  - 

Daily  Jev;ish  Courier,   Apr.    11,    1918 


Lladam  Bella  Goodinsky,  as  the  niain  "star,"  ha.'  undoubtedly  won  the  r^eat" 
est  recognition  from  all  vjho  love  the  Jevjish  theater^  She  appeared  during 
the  season  in  a  number  of  beautiful  roles,  thus  establishing  herself  as 
a  first-rate  actress.  This  is  the  impression  she  leaves  in  Chicago  now. 

Jacob  Hochstein,  who  played  only  the  first  half  of  the  season,  v/as  as 
successful  as  Liadam  Goodinsky.  His  appearance  in  first  and  second  roles 
in  the  plays  greatly  appealed  to  the  local  public. 

Louis  Bockshitsk3^,  v/hom  tne  Chicago  public  knows  well  from  the  previous 
two  seasons,  again  v;on  well-earned  recognition  a3  one  of  the  most  sympa- 
thetic character  players,  v.ho  possesses  great  talent  and  understanding. 

Benny  Adler,  also  not  a  newcomer  to  Chicago,  who  caiae  here  in  the  middle 
of  the  season,  again  showed  what  an  interesting  actor  he  is,  and  how  much 
intelligence  he  brings  to  his  characterizations. 

II  A  5  d   (1)  -  6  -  JBIV/ISH 

I   C 

I  A  3  Daily  Jewish  Courier,   Apr.   11,   1918. 

II  B  1  e 

Madam  Emma  Augenbiick,  v/hose  various  talents  v/ere  seen  two  years  at  the 
Empire  Theatre,  has  again  demonstrated,  during  this  season,  hov/  much  progress 
she  has  made  in  her  acting,  thereby  receiving  the  applause  of  the  audience, 
v/ho  recognize  her  as  an  actress  of  great  interest. 

Also  I/Ir.  David  Shoenholtz,  the  well-knovm  Chicago  comedian,  had  a  successful 
season*  The  following  excelled  in  their  performances; 


LIr.  and  Mrs.  Schrage,  Mr.  Goldstein,  Llr.  Silverstein,  Lliss  Helen  Siebel,  /^^^upi^  % 
Miss  Rosetta  Bialis  and  Ivir.  Augenbiick,  who  have  taken  their  proper  placeslc  ^'  ^^"/^ 

on  the  stage  and  are  trying  to  satisfy  the  local  theater-going  public.     x^ 

In  closing  the  season,  the  Ilaymarket  Theatre  v/ill  present  tomorrow  evening, 
and  Saturday  and  Sunday  iTiatinee  and  evening,  Leon  Cobrin's  ^Strings  of  Life," 
with  the  entire  cast. 

Next  Monday  evening,  the  farewell  presentation  will  be  Sigmund  Feinman's 
"The  Mute." 

•■■■■■'■■•■■'■■■■■■■■■■'■■■■■•  [•.'.'■.';--  .  "J.  '  '*"-     .','^:..i,^:S  ,  '■  .-„  ■>■".'!;-  -'V"  ■  t     •■■■■(■■■■■■■iH 

^I WPA  (III.)  PEQJ.30275 

The' Dally  World»  December  3f   1917«       i^^^^^^^    o^       -^^  .   ? 

■ii-;*-t  vv*  y 


:^^.*.r..,  ...^"■-■^  PURPOSES.  ■■.•■■■   '■'■''■^y-4f'''-^:Sm'V'-7^- 

^'''''S'l$-M0^  (By  Joseph  Mendelsohn)  - 

•i--  .-^  ^'*r   -  .    .  n«   .-.  .  ._r.  l,.t  -'■-.■■-.;-».■.-■.,  .-  ■*-.■--.-'■:• 

In  add! ton  to  the  cultural  peart  that  the  Jewish  theater  plays  In  the  life 
of  the  Jewish  populatiottf  it  is  also  an  importemt  faotor  in  raising 
great  sums  for  various  philanthropio  purposes*  r^  f  -^^ 

-    •    ■  •-■-.--t,  ■■  ■  .;-x  *  .  .    -     »       .  • 

•••  .-  ■.■'..  '•  '■'  ■^^■'ii'  '■'■  •■ 

There  is  hardly  an  orgahi  zati  on  j'^  lie  ginning  w^   the  Workmen's  Circle 
down  to  the  smallest  vereint  that  do   not  ^approach  the  Jewish  theater, 
from  time  to  time,  as  a  relief  measure  in  time  of  need« 

Upon  a  report,  by  the  treasurer^  that  there  Is  a  deficit  in  the  treasuryt 
an  affair  is  arranged  in  a  Jewish  theater  and  the  deficit  is  covered •  If 
r  an  unfortunate  incident  occurs  to  a  member  of  an  organisatiottf  it  is  under- 
stock that  the  theater  must  come  to  his  aid;  if  a  verein  wishes  to  enrich 
its  treasury,  there  is  no  better  method  than  to  currange  a  theatrical  bene«» 
fit  affair;  if  the  Denver  Sanitarium  for  Consumptives  is  in  need  of  moneyt 






if.  .:■■■:.   :•« 


_  .-  'i«  --■■■ 

II  A  3  d   (1) 
I  C 

•        ' 

/*i/<  .:'■:'• 






X        > 


f  ,  .' 


.'•  •  IT-'      - '.  -  '< 

Ihe  Daily  Worlds  December  3»  1917» 

i- 1 

m  (inji) 





T.   'w  .I 




> ,  ^><  .  •  ■  *- 

*■-«.  rut--*^ 

!■,'<■  fi^'r-   -' 


a  theatrical  performance  is  presented  and  money  is  raised*  This  methodf^ 
of  raising  money*  is  so  popular  cuaong  the  organizations  that  three  evenings^ 
during  the  week*  throughout  the  winter  season,  devoted  to  various  benefits 
performances*  ^d  very  seldom  does  it  occur  that  m  benefit  does  not  ^1  ^  v 

have  succsssful  results*      v   .  .  .■  ■^  ^■,;^-.-M~^"'^''^ 

;  •-,,•'■  ^  ■•'.'   -.  „■-  .\.  ■■'-     '   V"  -■..  .-  '"^  ',         .■  .'  .  .r-^  '^■;^-i'-f':^rf-' ,:-     ■  -_ 

It  usually  happens,  when  the  aXfair  is  arranged  by  a  small  organizationt^ 
that  the  entire  house  Is  not  sold  out;  nevertheless,  there  remains  a 
profit*   Very  small  organizations  engage  only  a  small  part  of  the  theater*. 
Y/here  does  the  secret  of  the  success  lie,  which  the  benefit  performances 
constantly  meet?  ^v. ,-....,/;  .  ";-..-:-' 

.\ ' 

\      -^ 





That  the  Jewish  race  is  £  book  has  been  known  in  the  past*   Ttie   written 
word  was  ailway  the  basic  foundation  of  the  Jewish  race*  Willingly  or   ^^i. 
unwillingly*  the  nation  must  agree  that  the  Jew  contributed  a  great  deal 
to  science  and  wisdom*  .,;-^^'     -^  .  . 

■i-     7i\ 


II  A  3  d  (1)  -  3  -  Jg-ISH 

I  C 

'VPl  /!!  f  \ 

The  Dally  World.  December  3,   1917» 


Artf  in  the  name  of  artfis  yet  a  bit  foreign  to  him^   It  matters  not  how 
artful,  how  literary  a  performance  may  be,  if  it  does  not  contain  a  bit  of 
substantiality,  it  will  not  interest  the  average  Jew» 

ThereforOf  if  a  performance  is  announced  for  a  specific  philanthropic  purpose, 
there  remains  no  doubt  the  Jew  as  to  whether  he  shall  go«  The  performance  may 
not  even  be  successful,  it  matters  little,  however,  the  purpose  is  important* 
There  is  another  reason  for  the  financial  success  of  the  benefit  performances* 

The  theater  is  a  panacea  for  charity  purposes  in  s  secretive  way:  They  amuse 
themselves  and  at  the  same  time  help  somebody*  It  happens,  as  if,  one  knew  to 
whom  the  money  is  contributed*  Who  ever  accepts  the  donations,  does  not  feel 

There  are  the  two  secrets  upon  which  the  financial  success  of  the  theatrical 
benefit  are  based*  Therefore  the  theater  is  doubly  important  to  Jewish  life* 

'r . 


II  A  3  d  (1)  JgWISH 

iChe  Dally  World,  Vor.  ik,   1917*       ^'P^  (IIU  PRCJ.  3(/Z/5 


By    Joseph  Mendel  son 

A  benefit  performance  In  honor  of  Ur.   Joseph  Kessler,  Star  and  Director  of  the 
Haymarket  Cheatre,  will  he  held  this  evening* 

A  part  of  the  history  of  the  Jewish  Theatre  In  Chicago  will  be  associated  with 
tills  evening's  affair*  It  Is*  therefore*  worthwhile  to  consider  the  local 
theatre  In  general*  and  the  role  that  Ur.   Eessler  played  In  Its  development  for 
the  past  few  years* 

When  speaking  of  the  development  of  the  theatre.  It  does  not  only  mean  the  progress 
that  the  theatre  has  made  In  Its  cultural  sense.  It  also  means  the  niimerlcal  ex- 
pansion of  theatrical  attendants,  who  were  attracted  by  the  theatre  throughout  the 
eourse  of  Its  existence. 

The  cultural  side:  If  one  should  be  strict,  uncompromising,  the  decision  could 
be  es^ressed  In  one  word  -  poor*  And  not  only  In  Chicago*   The  Chicago  theatres 
derive  their  benefits  from  the  New  Toxk  theatres*  And  If  any  criticism  should  be 
given.  New  Tork,  with  Its  art  teii;)les.  Is  above  all* 

However,  this  Is  not  the  only  reason  for  the  cultural  failure  of  the  local  theatres* 

-  2  - 

II  A  3  d  (1)  JBTISH 

The   Daily  World.  Kov.  lU,  1917#       .,,n,  ,. ,  .  ^ 

— ^^^ WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

They,  who  are  Interested  in  the  Jewish  Theatre  and  who  are  often  Ti  si  tors  of  the  per- 
formances, will  argue  that  Joseph  Eessler  attempted,  more  than  once,  to  drive  trash 
from  his  theatre* 

However t  the  result  was  -  a  vacant  theatre. 

Whose  fault  was  it,  the  management,  the  actors?  Neither* 

The  management  was  interested  in  one  thing  only  -  the  financial  success  of  his 
theatre*  lach  play  that  resulted  in  a  packed  house,  is  considered  hy  the  manage- 
ment as  the  hest  in  Jewish  repertory* 

And  if  the  play  is  actually  a  litereoy  one,  the  management  will  certainly  not  hesi<- 
tate  to  run  this  play  for  many  wseks,  if  it  only  satisfies  the  treasury* 

It  is  certainly  not  the  actor's  fault*  They  would  like  to  appear  in  literary  plays. 
Impersonate  types  and  characters  lAo  are  artistically  inclined*  Uore  than  once  an 
actor  boasted  that  he  afip eared  in  Gordon's  repertoire,  in  Scholom  Asch's  plays* 

Ben  Ami,  Mark  Schwade,  and  other  actors,  who  possess  a  sense  of  fine  acting  and 
who  would  certainly  not  like  to  lose  their  reputation  as  intelligent  actors,  must 
still  appear  in  "Hannah  in  America,"  and  in  similar  trash. 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  3  -  JEWISH 

TbB   Dally  World.  Nov.  lU,  1917*  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 
Consequentl7t  nho  Is  guilty  that  the  theatres  are  dlss^pearlng?  !Ehe  theatrical 

Here,  It  Is  not  a  matter  of  the  '^selected/'  of  the  critics  of  a  small  Intelli- 
gent group,  ifho  would  certainly  he  pleased  to  see  good  literary  plays*  This 
Is  only  a  small  group,  that  would  he  unable  to  cover  the  expeuBBs   of  a  theatre* 
It  Is  a  concern  of  the  great  massest  idio  are  unable^  as  yet,  to  digest  any  literary 
plays,  and  are  contented  with  Jazz  music  and  cheap  Jokes* 

Uany  people  affirm  that  the  theatre  Is  a  people *s  Institution*  In  what  respect? 

If  the  theatre  should  suffer  a  material  loss,  who  would  come  to  Its  aid?  Will 
the  management  be  Justified  In  turning  to  the  Jewxy  with  lan  cppeal  for  donations? 
Would  the  people  respond  to  such  an  appeal?   No* 

!I!he  theatre  Is  a  private  enterprise*  The  management  Is  the  exclusive  owner  of 
this  enterprise* 

This  owner  seeks  to  satisfy  his  "customer."   The  "customer"  demands  trash  and 
trash  Is  given  him* 

XA    A   3    g    \LJ  —   *t  -  t<J! 

The  Dally  World.  Nov.  lU,  I917. 

m  (iiu  pnoi  s.^^ 

Who  should  educate  the  race?  The  theatre?  Ko« 

One»  who  goes  to  the  theatre  enters  it  with  a  specific  demand.  In  short t  one  who 
visits  the  theatre  definitely  desires,  in  advcmcst  good  or  poor  plays*  And  the 
theatre  can  do  nothing  in  such  case# 

The  press  lectures  and  debates  on  literature  and  drama,  on  art  and  plays*  All  these 
are  the  methods  of  developing  the  race  and  implanting  in  it  something  more  beautiful, 
more  literary  and  more  artistic* 

There  is  a  theatre  here*  Thanks  to  the  efforts  and  abilities  of  Mr*  Joseph  Eessler, 
Chicago  possesses  one  of  the  finest  Jewish  theatres  in  America* 

There  is,  also,  no  scarcity  of  Jewish  actors*  The  presentation  of  Madame  Ooodinsky, 
together  with  Joseph  Eessler,  is  stiffidLent  evidence  that  Mr*  Kessler  does  not  spare 
any  money  in  order  to  satisf^y  the  Chicago  Jewiyt 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

•  17 


Daily  Jewish  Courier >  Aug.  31>  1917« 


Kr.   Joseph  Kessler  opens  his  third  season  in  Chicago  in  his  new  home,  the  j^ 

Haymarket  Theater,  with  a  large  company,  in  Rakoff 's  successful  drama,  S 

••VTithout  A  Mother, ••  one  of  those  dramas  that  keep  the  onlookers  enthused  ^ 

from  the  time  the  curtain  rises  at  the  beginning  of  the  first  act  until  g 
the  curtain  falls  at  the  end  of  the  last  act. 



Among  Mr#  Kessler's  troupe   of  artists  are  the  well-known  tragedienne,  "^ 

Madame  Bella  Godinsky,  the  character  player,  Mr.  Jacob  Hochstein,  the  ^ 

soubrette.  Miss  Rosa  Bialis,  Mrs.  Shraga  and  others.     Of  the  old  artists, 
you  will  find  with  Mr*  Kessler,  Madam  M.  Axelrod,  Mr.  Lleltzer,  L.  Bukshisky, 
Miss  Ziebel,  David  Scheinholtz,  and  others • 

-  2  - 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Aug*  3i>  1917 • 

The  new  home  for  Jewish  theater,  the  Haymarket,  is  the  largest  in  Chicago, 
and  the  largest  Jewish  theater  in  the  world,  and  is  of  the  most  magnificent 
structure*  Mr.  Kessler  did  not  spare  expense  to  make  this  new  home  for 
Jewish  theater  look  its  best* 

Mr*  Kessler,  who  for  the  last  two  years  has  given  Jewish  plays  in  Chicago 
and  has  established  a  great  name  and  reputation,  is  positive  that  the 
Jewish  public  will  value  his  new  unde.rtaking  and  help  him  make  it  a  sue** 

The  musical  director  of  the  Haymarket  Theater  is  the  well-known  Lr*  David 
Hirsch,  and  the  memager  is  the  well-known  Mr*  Paulay* 

r — 






II  A  3  d  (1) 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Aug.  1,  1917 • 


The  large  Haymarket  theater  will,  from  now  on,  be  transformed  into  a  Jewish 
theater  under  the  mana2;ement  of  the  well-known  Jewish  artist,  Joseph 
Kessler,  and  the  theatrical  manager,  Kr.  J.   Paulay.  Mr.  Kessler  came  from 
New  York  especially  to  close  the  deal  and  sign  the  lease  with  the  Hay- 
market  theater  for  three  years  and  is  immediately  going  back  to  engage 
a  large  troupe  of  good  actors  for  his  new  theater,  which  will  be  the  larg- 
est Jewish  theater  in  America. 

Mr.  Kessler  will  return  to  ChicarsO,  with  his  new  troupe  at  the  end  of  August 
and  will  open  the  Haymarket  theater  on  August  31st. 

WPA  (ILL)  PRO  J.  30275 

II  A  5  d  (1) 

Daily  Jewish  Courier >  Sept.  1,  1916. 

Jii^iRj  tez>:jjr^  of:^iis  tciiicj?it 



Tonight  the  Empire  Theatre  vill  start   its  nev;  so   son  v.lth  Lloshe  Richter*!^ 
play,    "Verdacht"    (Suspicion)  ,   v:hich  v/ill  continue  tixroU;jh  Sunday/  and  Ijonda^r. 

The  Victors  Society,   torethor  v/ith  the  v;ell-l:nov7n  London  drai.ntist,  Lladam 
Minnie  .ocLerod,  will  p.rticipate   in  thi:s  perfomance  under  the   direction  of 
llr.   Joseph  Kessler. 

Judges  Joseph  Sabath  and  Harry  I.i.  Fisher,   and  the  candidate  for  jud^e  of  the 
Ilunicipal  Court,   Philip  F.   Brerstone,   ;;ill   speak  betv/een  the  acts. 

V. ^ 

II  A  3  d   (1)  JElflSH 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,   Sept.  1,   1916. 

i!i:.iPiR5  TH^AT^w  opi:ns  tootght 

The  local  jinpire  Theater  will  open  its  new  season  this  evening  with  Moshe 
Richter«s  play  ''Suspicion,"  which  will  also  be  featured  tomorrow,  Sunday 
and  Monday. 

The  entire  company  of  actors,  together  with  the  well-knovm  London  dramatic 
actress,  Madame  L^innie  Axelrod,  will  take  part  in  this  performance  under  the 
direction  of  Irlr.  Joseph  Kessler. 

Judges  Joseph  Sabath,  Harry  :J[.   Fisher  and  Philip  P.  Bregstone  will  speak 
during  the  intermission. 


II  A  5  d   (1) 

II  B  2  d   (1) 

I  B  3  a  Sunday  Jewish  Courier,  Aug.  27,   1916.  WPA  (ILL)  Pl\0j.5ui;: 

I  B  3  b 


IV  by 


Since  Chicago  became  a  Jewish  city  ^^Siis  Bieans  since  Chicago  became  a  city  with 
a  considerable  Jewish  population/  it  has,  thus  far,  been  fortunate  in  having  a 
Jewish  theater  every  season.  Once  it  happened  that  a  company  was  engaged  in 
the  middle  of  a  season  and  immediately  following  a  brief  interlude,  another 
company  took  its  place,  enabling  \is  Jews  to  enjoy  without  interruption  the  music 
of  •'Shalameth , "  "Bar-Kochbah"  (a  hero  in  a  war  waged  against  the  Somans), 
••Akedath  Yitzhok"  (Sacrifice  of  Isaac),  to  sympathize  with  "Mirele  Efroth,**  to 
welcome  collectively  many  plays  which  New  York  had  eanaarked  as  "poor"  and 
"unsuccessful,"  and,  to  the  contrary,  to  discard  such  plays  as  had  in  New  York 
evoked  crocodile  tears  and  childish  admiration  from  the  residents  of  tall  tenement 
houses,  people  who  are  honest  workers,  but  who  do  not  always  possess  aesthetic 
Judgment  about  some  thing  good,  something  real. 

II  A  a  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEvn:sH 

II  B  2  d   (1) 

I  B  3  a  Siinday  Jewish  Courier,  Aug.   27,   1916.  yi'p^  /|m     pj- 

I  B  3  b  '  ^'^^'^  ^'^O^SOi:/^ 

III  A     The  same  holds  true  of  actors  and  actresses.  The  Chicago  Jewish 

IV  theatergoers  have  quite  independently  proclaimed  their  own  stars 

and  rewarded  them  with  tremendoiis  ovations  as  well  as  good  salaries* 

It  is  a  fact  that  all  the  great  Jewish  actors  of  New  York,  who  have  attained 
a  national  reputation,  have  made  their  debuts  in  Chicago.  It  was  the  Chicago 
Jews  who  gave  them  "diplomas,**  classifying  them  as  comedians,  tragedians, 
soubrettes,  character  actors,  etc.  All  those  who  attained  recognition  in  Chicago 
were  later  recognized  in  New  York  as  well  as  over  the  entire  country.  It  will 
suffice  to  mention  the  most  prominent  of  them:  Adler,  Thomashefsky,  Madame 
Liptzen  and  Schneur,  who  made  their  first  appearances  in  Chicago.  This  proves 
that  Chicago  has  a  keen  perception  of  fine  art,  and  the  more  it  is  cultivated, 
the  keener  it  becomes. 

After  many  years  of  experiment,  Jewish  theater  managers  and  actors  have  arrived 
at  the  conclusion  that  the  Jewish  public  of  Chicago  is  steadily  turning  away 
from  lewd  plays,  licentious  plays,  and  other  such  plays  which  have,  much  to  our 
regret,  occupied  seats  of  honor  in  the  Jewish  theaters  of  New  York,  becoming 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  3  -  jiaasH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

I  B  3  a  Sunday  Jewish  Courier.  Aug.   27,   1916.  ^'^''  (i^U  PROj,  30275 

I  B  3  b 

III  A    the  yardstick  with  which  the  talent  of  a  playwright  is  measured, 

The  drama  is  said  to  be  the  most  noble  expression  of  life,  the  mirror 
of  life,  the  school  in  which  all  phenomena,  all  events  and  all  aspects  of  life 
are  dramatized  before  our  eyes*  This  is  a  very  good  definition  of  the  drama; 
therefore  may  it  always  remain  so. 

But  when  we  examine  the  Jewish  repertoire  which  has  been  produced  in  the  past 
couple  of  years,  we  find  that  ninety-nine  per  cent  of  it  consists  of  "meretricious 
and  obscene  plays."  If  a  Gentile  were  to  attend  the  Jewish  theater  for  curiosity*s 
sake,  he  might  think  that  this  was  the  chief  problem  of  present-*day  Jewish  life; 
that  in  every  Jewish  home  there  are  bastards  and  that  prostitution  prevails;  that 
there  are  no  other  romantic  incidents  in  Jewish  life  worthy  of  being  dramatized^ 

Not  only  c€in  such  plays  evoke  unchaste  and  evil  thoughts  among  alien  theatergoers 
who  seldom  drift  into  Jewish  theaters,  but  many  Jewish  theatergoers  who  are  not 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  4  -  jmasE 

II  B  2  d   (1) 

I  B  3  a  Sunday  Jewish  Courier.  Aug.   27,   1915.  V^^^^  (-''-L.)  Pftuj.3027a 

I  B  3  b 

III  A  too  well  acquainted  with  the  manifold  nature  of  Jev/ish  life  may  be 

IV  similarly  influenced. 

Such  plays  have  been  a  pestilence,  a  terrible  epidemic  in  the  Jewish  district 
during  the  past  few  years.  They  have  corrupted  the  aesthetics  and  debased  the 
spirit  of  the  public.  The  dirtier  the  joke  and  the  more  nauseating  the  plot,  the 
more  people  would  be  attracted,  and  the  greater  was  proclaimed  the  ingenuity  of 
the  playwrights* 

What  should  the  New  York  press  have  done  about  this  situation?  Everyone  to  whom 
Jewish  family  life  is  sacred  and  dear  will  say  that  the  press  should  have  been 
the  first  to  denounce  these  plays  as  being  lewd.  It  should  have  urged  the  public 
to  keep  away  from  such  exceptionally  abominable  things  which  are  a  disgrace  to  the 
Jewish  name  and  to  all  those  who  attend  the  theater.  It  should  also  have  humiliated 
the  Jewish  theater  in  the  eyes  of  the  public,  and  should  have  pilloried  all  Jewish 
managers  and  players  vftio  dared  to  produce  such  plays. 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  5  -  JgyjISH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

I  B  3  a  Simday  Jewish  Courier.  Aug»  27,  1916*    WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ  302^5 

I  B  3  b 

III  A    The  New  Tork  press,  however,  did  not  do  this.  On  the  contraiy,  it 
17       kept  reiterating  the  wise  sayings  of  these  actors  and  rehashing  the 

worthless  **trlpe**  of  playwrights;  the  press  cloaked  the  obscenities 
with  literary  allusions,  and  lavished  high  praise  upon  the  worthless  plays • 

Such  plays,  however,  if  they  succeeded  in  being  smuggled  into  the  Chicago-Jewish 
theaters,  were  short-lived*  After  their  first  or  second  showing,  the  manager 
put  a  stop  to  them  lest  there  be  no  one  attending  his  theater.  This  happened 
more  than  once.  It  indicates  that  the  Chicago- Jewish  public  knows  the  difference 
between  good  and  bad,  and  particularly,  that  it  is  not  influenced  by  Hester  Street 
cuid  East  Broadway  in  New  York. 

Mr.  Joseph  £essler  had  this  experience  last  season  in  his  finpire  Ibeater  where 
one  meretricious  New  York  play  after  another  was  removed  from  the  stage  because 
the  public  actually  made  no  effort  to  see  them.  The  better  plays,  6U3  well  as 
several  classics,  drew  full  houses,  to  the  surprise  of  the  managers  and  actors. 

II  A  g  d  (1)  -  6  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (1)  .,^  ^ 

I  B  3  a  Sunday  Jewish  Courier >  Aug.  27,  1916.         '*'''  ^^'-^  ^^^^  3027d 

I  B  3  b 

III  A    Mr.  Kessler,  an  intelligent  and  artistic  actor  and  Mr.  Polay,  an 

IV  experienced  manager  in  the  local  Jewish  Theater,  should  not,  however, 

have  been  surprised  and  should  not  have  considered  such  things  unusueil 

phenomena,  but  rather  something  quite  natural. 

Most  of  the  Jews  in  Chiceigo  are  Americanized  and  cannot  digest  the  coarse  foods 
which  are  served  to  the  "greenhorns"  in  New  York.  Jews  in  Chicago  live  better 
and  are  less  congested.  They  are  not  cramped  into  narrow  tenement  houses  as  are 
the  New  York  workers  to  whom  the  home  is  a  Hell,  a  toiment,  so  that  they  are  eager 
to  escape  from  their  homes,  even  if  it  should  mean  spending  a  night  at  a  burlesque 
show.  When  a  Chicago  Jew  goes  to  the  Jewish  theater,  he  goes  with  a  view  to 
enjoying  himself  in  a  refined  manner. 

As  a  newspaper  for  the  people,  the  Jewish  Courier  is  always  doing  a  great  deal 
to  refine  and  improve  the  taste  of  the  Jewish  public  in  Chicago  and  to  inspire 

II  A  3  d  (1)  .  7  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

I  B  3  a  Sunday  Jewlah  Courier >  Aug*  27,  1916#     vVPA  (ILL,)  PHQj  3027s 

I  B  3  b 

III  A  the  players  to  become  more  ambitious  so  that  they  will  appear  in  such 
17  plays  as  will  be  an  honor  to  their  reputation. 

With  reference  to  this  theater  season  which  opens  Friday,  September  1,  Mr*  Kessler 
should  apply  all  his  energies  to  make  the  Empire  Theater  a  success  and  not  a 
failure,  and  he  will  succeed  if  he  stages  sober  plays  which  appeal  to  the  taste  of 
the  Chicago  Jews. 

And  speaking  about  sober  plays,  we  wish  to  call  your  attention  to  the  following 
sad  situation;  large  sums  of  money  are  spent  by  the  theater  management  on  advert 
tislng  trash,  whereas  on  good  plays,  no  money  is  spent*  The  philosophy  of  the 
management  is  as  follows:  If  an  article  is  good  it  is  self -advertising  and  we 
need  not  go  to  any  expense  to  advertise  it.  But  we  must  boost  a  poor  article 
which  is  not  self -advertising. 

This,  however,  is  an  erroneous  notion.  The  infezlor  commodity  should  not  enter 
business  at  all  because  if  it  is  sold  to  a  customer  at  a  profitable  rate,  then 

II  A  3  d  (1)  -  8  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (l) 

I  B  3  a  Sunday  Jewish  Courier.  Aug*  27,  1916*    ^^^^'  ^"^''  '""^^^^  30275 

I  B  3  b 

III  A    such  customers  cease  to  repurcbase  such  articles  for  they  are  con- 
17       vinced  that  they  have  been  defrauded*  This  is  also  the  reason  why  a 

good  play,  which  succeeds  a  poor  one,  draws  a  small  crowd  because  first, 
it  is  little  advertised,  and  second,  the  public  which  was  repelled  by  the  previous 
poor  play  loses  its  confidence  in  the  management  and  actors* 

May  this  serve  Mr*  Joseph  Kessler,  who  has  become  popular  among  the  Jews  of 
Chicago,  as  a  preface  or  prologue  to  the  activities  of  the  local  theater  season, 
for  which  the  necessary  preparations  are  being  made,  because  this  is  the  secret 
of  the  success  of  the  theater  in  Chicago* 

The  personnel  of  the  fiapire  consists  of  the  Following:  Male:  Joseph  Kessler, 
Bernard  Auerbach,  Isadora  Meltzer,  Morris  Groldberg,  David  Schoenholtz,  Bennie 
Adler,  Jacob  Ealich,  L*  Bakschetsky,  Joseph  V/einstock,  Avling  and  Philip  Augenblik, 
Female:  Madame  Minnie  Azelrod,  Madame  Esther  Zabel,  Miss  Ida  Fine  and  Madame 


II  A  5  d  (1)  -  9  -  JEVflSE 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

I  B  3  a  Sunday  Jewish  Courier^  Aug.  27,  1916.  ^^'^'  u^U  PK'Oj. 30276 

I  B  3  b 

III  A    Let  us  hope  that  every  member  of  the  cast  will  faithfully  and  loyally 

IV  perform  his  duty — to  the  satisfaction  of  the  management  and  to  the 

satisfaction  of  the  public  which  always  rewards  with  honor  and  money 

those  who  are  worthy. 

II  A  5  d  (1) 


Daily  Jewish  Courier^  Aug.  7,  1916.       ^^^  ('LL/ FROJ,  30275 


Mr.  Jacob  Polay,  manager  of  the  Empire  Theatre  oxvned  by  Joseph  Kessler,  re- 
turned last  evening  from  New  York  v/here  he  made  arrangements  with  the  fol- 
lowing actors  to  open  the  season  about  Septembeir  1:  Madame  Sibel,  Ida  Fine, 
Madame  Augenblik,  Katie  Kaplan,  Benjamin  Auerbach,  Isadore  Meltzer,  Benny 
Adler,  Adolph  Baksitsky,  Jacob  Kalich,  Philip  Augenblik,  and  David  Sheinholtz. 
They  will  be  under  the  supervision  of  Mr.  David  Kessler • 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


Daily  Jewish  Labor  V^crld,  June,  25,  1916.         ..,.,.  ^^ . 
^^PA  (ill  )  d;?a.  ^^2j^ 


Hr.  8jid  I.:rs«  JacoL  P«  Adler,  the  greatest  artists  on  the  Jewish  stc.^e,  are 
ending  the  season  at  the  Bnapire  Theatre,  together  a  ocir.pejiy  of  first 
cle^s  artists*   Gustav  Shacht  -  Auerbauch  -  Rubin  •  Julia  Adler  -  Keshier  - 
the  young  artist,  Louis  Birenbaum  and  others. 

Saturday  I^atinee  in  -  "The  Stranger^  -  by  J.  Gcrdin 
Sunday  llatinee  -  in  -  ^'The  Ivleaiiac**  -  by  J.  Gcrdin 
Saturday  and  Sunday  night  -  in  -  •^A  Father »s  nearf*  -  by  Prof*  Jacobi* 

Tickets  on  sale  now  at  the  i-ox  office* 

.  .                                                JSWISH 
II  A  5  d  (1)  

^^^  ^  Daily  Jewish  Forwards  Feb.  12,  1914. 



Maguleskoe,  the  artist  of  the  Jewish  stage,  is  no  longer  among  the  living* 
And  yet  it  seems  as  though  he  is  still  with  us;  as  though  his  deeply  felt 
humor  is  not  yet  removed  from  the  Jewish  stage;  as  though  his  character 
portrayals,  his  artistic  mimical  contortions,  and  his  pure  typically 
Jewish  acting  remain  in  the  treasure  of  Jewish  eternity. 

But  when  we  rem.ember  his  funeral,  during  v;hich  more  than  forty  thousand 
Jews  accompanied  him  to  his  everlasting  peace  and  in  which  eulogies  v^^re 
spoken  and  songs  were  sung,  we  become  positive  that  llaguleskoe  is  no 
longer  here*  Because  if  vie   commence  to  honor  an  artist,  it  is  evidence 
that  he  has  died#  V/hen  alive  Ma^^uleskoe  was  a  good  actor,  a  great  character 




U  -p-^- 

-  2  - 


Daily  Jewish  Forward,  Feb.  12,  1914* 

player,  but  the  Jewish  masses  never  thought  of  honoring  him  then.  Did 
they  show  Mm  any  appreciation  for  his  great  services  to  the  Jewish 
stage?  Certainly  not.  V/e  Jev;s  honor  our  talented  only  when  they  are 

The  fate  of  artists  among  Gentiles  is  comparatively  better.  They  ioiow 
how  to  estimate  the  greatness  of  an  artist  when  he  is  araong  the  living, 
just  when  the  people's  recognition  gives  him  courage  &nd  inspiration  to 
develop  his  creative  potentialities  to  a  higher  degree. 

We  learn  that  the  poor  working  girls  of  Paris  have  honored  Charpenter, 

the  composer  of  '^Louise*'  and  '^Joumen,"  two  operas  in  which  he  depicts 

the  spiritual  life  of  the  French  working  girl.  For  these  operas  Charpenter 

-  3  -  JEWISH 

Daily  Jewish  Fcrward^  Feb*  12,  1914* 

created  a  music  the  nelodies  of  which  repr-eeent  the  efforts  and  ideals  of 
the  working  girl.  They  feted  him  with  a  magnificent  banquet  and  presented 
him  with  a  sword  inlaid  7/ith  precious  gems. 

Thus  have  these  poor  girls  exalted  their  poet,  vjho  lived  in  the  Latin 
Q^uarter,  the  slum  section  of  Paris,  wherefrom  he  attained  motifs  for  his 
works • 

Kfeiguleskoe  was  the  artist  of  all  the  Jewish  people.  His  character  roles 
were  typically  Jev;ish  and^  through  his  dramatic  playing  for  a  few  decades, 
he  beautified  and  glorified  Jev/ish  life.  Yet  it  was  not  until  death  had 
called  him,  that  the  Jews  showed  their  esteem  for  him.  Such  is  the  fate 
of  a  Jev;ish  actor* 




^  « 

II  A  3  d  (1) 
I  A  3 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Dec.  4,  1913# 


-  '-'  P  .i  '^ 


The  New  Drama  That  Madame  K*  Liptsen  Is  Presenting  This  V/eelc  In  The  Empire 


For  thousands  of  years  Jewish  atheists  and  foes,  who  sought  to  find  faults 
with  the  Torah  of  Moses,  pointed  to  a  passage  that  states,  '•he  sets  the  sins 
of  the  father  upon  the  children,  and  grandchildren,  and  great-grandchildren 
to  the  third  or  forth  generation. ••  The  cry  arose,  -  what  an  unmerciful  Grod 
to  punish  the  children  and  grandchildren  for  the  sins  of  their  fathers  and 

This  was  one  of  the  principal  arguments  against  the  Torah  of  Moses,  and 
whosoever  it  pleased  mocked  and  ridiculed  it.  Only  a  few  great  men,  numbered 
scholars  found  at  all  times  in  all  generations,  understood  the  deep  meaning 
of  these  sacred  words  of  our  sublime  Torah.  They  knew  that  these  words  are 
not  applied  to  mean  man^s  sins  against  God,  but  man*s  sins  against  himself. 
When  a  person  sins  against  nature,  it  means  he  sins  against  himself,  and 
that  nature  will  retaliate  to  reckon  even  with  him,  his  children  and  their 
children  until  the  fourth  generation.  But  those  who  understood  dared  not 

express  it  because  they  lived  at  a  time  in  which  ridiculing  everything  that 
was  holy  was  in  style. 


-r.    * 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEVnSH 

I  A  3 

Daily  Jewish  GourlQ-p^  Dec*  4,  1913. 

Only  tov;ard  the  end  of  the  nineteenth  century  did  conscientious  thinkers 
cone  to  this  conclusion  based  on  their  most  careful  observations  of  life. 
They  began  to  notice  that  bad  habits,  drunkenness,  and  vice  in  the  life  of 
man  must  eventually  show  some  signs  in  their  children  and  their  children's 
children*  Life  has  proven  that*  The  studies  of  the  origin  of  the  "degener- 
ates** which  are  found  in  every  city  have  furnished  the  necessary  proof* 
The  proof  established,  it  was  next  necessary  to  acquaint  the  people  with 
these  facts*  And  the  best  method  of  impression  is  the  stage* 

Henry  Ibsen  was  the  first  dramatist  to  bring  this  great  problem  upon  the 
stage  in  his  drama,  **A  Doll's  House***  But  here  the  only  intimation  given 
was  in  the  person  of  the  doctor*  Of  late  the  entire  world  became  interested* 
A  movement  was  begun  to  agitate  these  facts  openly,  to  prove  how  detrimental 
it  was  upon  children  when  their  fathers  or  mothers  do  not  know  how  to  care 
for  themselves  in  sexual  matters,  especially  if  one  of  them  is  stricken 
with  a  venereal  disease  of  which  he  is  in  ignorance*  Children  born  of 
such  a  marriage  suffer  from  various  diseases  and  rightly  deserve  the  name 
of  *»Damaged  Children*** 

'•Damaged  Children'*  is  the  name  of  a  Jewish  drama  v^hich  deals  with  this 
problem*  This  drama  was  freely  written  around  the  theme  of  '*Damaged  Groods,** 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  3  -  JMISH 

I  A  3 

Daily  Jewish  Coiirler,  Dec*  4,  1913. 

a  drama  which  was  presented  for  a  period  of  several  weeks  at  the  Blackstone 
Theater,  and  of  which  a  criticism  appeared  in  this  newspaper.  The  drama  of 
"Damaged  Children"  is  being  presented  today  (Thanksgiving),  matinee  and 
evening,  and  Saturday  and  Sunday  evenings,  in  the  Empire  Theater  at  Madison 
near  Halsted*  Taking  part  in  this  drama  are  Madame  Kennie  Liptsen,  Mr. 
Slias  Rothstein,  Mr.  Jacob  Cohen,  Mr-.  £at2zaan,  Madame  Simon,  etc. 

The  presentation  of  this  play  is  something  new  and  different  from  the  usual 
themes  and  presentations  being  shown  in  the  theaters.  Madame  Liptsen  and 
Mr*  Rothstein,  at  the  head  of  their  marvelous  company  of  players,  are  pre- 
senting us  types  such  as  are  seldom  seen,  but  nevertheless  are  always  pre- 
sent •  "Damaged  Children"  opens  the  eyes,  showing  a  new  world  of  which  we 
until  now  had  no  idea  existed:  a  world  which  deserves  more  ardent  atten- 
tion and  thought.  That  is  the  "Damaged  ChJLldren"  that  Madame  Liptsen  is 

presenting  today  at  the  Empire  Theater. 

II  A  ^  d  (1) 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  October  8,  1913*        WPA  (ILL)  ?ROJ. 30275 

The  Gartner*8  Pavilion  Theater  has  opened  this  season  with  a  large 
troupiof  actors.  They  have  already  presented  the  well  known  Jewish 
comedy  of  Shimer's  ••In  Latineren**  to  a  crowded  house*  They  will  not 
only  present  comedies,  but  also  dramas  that  were  very  successful  in 
New  York,  like  '•Die  Harshendeh** ,  ••Shclaven**  and  ••Broken  Hearts." 

At  the  head  of  this  troupe  are  Mr.  and  Madam  Gartner,  Herr  and  Mrs. 
Nathanson,  Mr.  Winestock,  Mrs.  Finklestein,  Herr  and  Mrs.  Leonsky,  and 


II  A  ^  d  (1)  JEm.SK 

Daily  Jewish  Courier.  October  7,  1913.       ^'PA  (ILL)  PROJ  3027K 

In  our  local  Jewish  community  there  is  much  rejoicing*  Again  we  have 
a  truly  Jewish  theater  with  Jewish  artists  who  promise  to  remain  here 
providing  the  large  Jewish  audiences  desired  them.  They  do.  Theater- 
goers approved  them  as  can  be  witnessed  by  the  large  attendance  which 
fill  the  theater  to  capacity.  Such  were  the  greetings  accorded  the 
Jewish  theater  at  its  opening  performances. 

Of  course  we  are  speaking  of  the  Globe  theater  and  the  entire  Liptson 
troupe  which  came  to  bring  Chicagoans  a  truly  Jewish  theater. 

II  A  -^  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEWISH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier.  October  7,  1913.        '^^''^^  (!LL)  PROJ.  30275 

Even  at  present ,  New  York,  as  it  appears,  does  not  have  a  truly  Jewish 
theater  to  present  the  finer  class  of  Jewish  drama.   Her  five  theaters 
feed  the  public  only  trash,  each  succeeding  play  being  worse  than  the 
previous  one*  Regardless  of  press  criticism  these  New  York  managers  do 
not  even  make  an  effort  to  offer  something  better  to  their  patrons 
than  such  plays  as  •'Souls'*,  '•Hesurts**,  and  Dots".  Apparently  their 
audiences  are  satisfied. 

Thus  when  word  was  brought  that  the  Liptson  troupe  headed  by  Madam 
Kenie  Liptson,  Herr  Elias  Rothstone,  and  Jacob  Cohen  was  coming 
here  to  present  the  better  plays  of  the  Jewish  repertoire,  we  were  some- 
what astonished,  even  though  we  have  long  known  that  in  our  region  the 
Jewish  audience  has  for  sometime  been  seeking  the  finer  and  better 
qualities  that  make  for  a  true,  earnest,  and  interesting  drama  * 

II  A  ^  d  (1)  -  3  -  JEWISH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier^  October  7,  1913.     *^P^  (ii-U  PROJ.  3G275 

The  fact  is  not  built  on  supposition.   The  Liptson  players  have  always 
played  Jacob  Gordon's  finer  dramas •• ••••• 

We  feel  it  is  unnecessary  to  review  these  plays  since  they  are  well 

known  to  all  Jewish  t heater-goers •  They  include  '•Miraleh  Ephris", 

••The  Unknown**,  "The  Slaughter",  ••Der  Momzer",  etc.  It  is  also  more 

or  less  known  that  in  these  plays  Madam  Liptson  presents  her  strongest 

characterizations,  those  that  have  brought  her  fame.  The  same  may 

be  said  of  Herr  Rothstone,  Cohen,  Uadam  Wellinsky,  Katzman,  and  others*..... 

Mr*  Rothstone  informed  us  that  the  company  had  come  for  only  twelve 
weeka  in  which  time  they  have  prepared  the  very  best  of  drama  to  oe 
shown  here.  But  these  twelve  weeks  can  at  anytime  be  extended  indef- 
initely if  the  Chicago  public  will  approve  such  high  standards  as 
will  be  presented  to  them  on  the  Jewish  stage. 

II  A  3  d  (1)  JEWISH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier t  September  16,  1913*      *^^A  (ILL)  PRO J  50276 


The  new  Jev/ish  Douglas  Park  Theater,  for  this  season,  opened  last  evening 
in  a  very  impressive  manner,  and  the  stars,  liisha  ^  Lucy  German,  to- 
gether with  their  New  York  company,  have  for  the  first  time,  appeared 
before  an  overcrowded  audience  in  .7.  Siegel's  powerful  melodrama, 
••Rachel's  Children"  which  met  with  great  approbation.  All  actors  were 
received  with  loud  apolause  at  their  first  oerformance.  Upon  concluding 
the  2nd  act,  an  enthusiastic  ceremony  was  carried  through  in  honor  of 
the  troupe  which  v/as  showered  v/ith  bouquets  of  flowers  by  organizations 
and  individual  patriots. 

II  A  3  d  (1)  •  2  -  JEWISH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  September  16,  1913.        ''^'f'^  (ilL)  PROJ  30275 

The  representative  of  the  Jewish  Actors  Union,  Rueben  Gooskin,  who 
came  especially  to  the  opening  of  the  first  cooperative  union  theater 
in  Chicago,  greeted  the  audience  of  the  premiere  -  performance,  appeal- 
ing for  their  support  for  the  nev;  Jewish  theatrical  undertaking  and 
promised  the  audience  an  interesting  and  mirthful  season* 

A  special  performance  of  '•Rachel's  Children**  will  be  dramatized  this 
evening  in  the  Douglas  Park  Theater  for  selected  guests  and  representatives 
of  the  Jewish  press* 




II  A  3  d  (1) 


The  Sentinelt  Volumes  5-6 1  Week  of  May  17,  1912 •  Page  2. 

A  permanent  Yiddish  playhouse  will  be  established  by  Ellis  P«  Gliok- 
man*  He  has  secured  a  ten  year  lease  on  the  Bijou  Theater,  Halsted 
Street  and  Jackson  Boulevard,  at  a  rental  of  *130,000  for  the  term* 
He  will  remodel  the  house  at  a  cost  of  $15,000« 

'  2 



'■■^ '}'■-'<('■  jf  -^^   ^iV  ■ 

_^Jf  ^_-..  -  ._ 


'-•y-     . .  \<- 

IF     -..'  i-l-Ji'^^-,^ 

<  -    <• 



II  A  3  4  (1) 


^'PA  OIL)  PROJ.  30275 

Oonrier,  December  22,  1911. 

«  Bijou  Xheatre  Opens  Tonight 

She  famous  actress t  Madame  Esther  Bachel  Eominsky  is  opening  the  Bijou 
Theatre  this  eyening,  at  Hals  ted  and  Jackson  Bird. ,  as  a  Jewish  Theatre* 

•  *  .       ' .      .  .  . 

The  opening-night  performance  will  be  Ur.   Jacob  Gordon*  s  "Mirelecpos** 

Hadam  Eaminsk7  plagrs  the  stellar  role,  with  the  assistance  of  a  selected  cast 

of  famous  artists,  such  as  Ifessrs*  Nathanson  and  Max  Bosenthai* 

This  is  the  first  time  in  many  years  that  Jewish  Theatre  patrons  hare  had 
the  opportunity  to  witness  such  a  great  performance,  played  by  such  great  artists* 
This  Drama  will  be  played  until  Monday,  with  Saturday  and  Monday  matinees. 

Mr.   Xlias  P*  Glickman,  the  Manager  of  the  new  Jewish  Bijou  Theatre,  has 
great  plans  in  mind.    He  intends  to  bring  the  best  Jewish  actors  to  Chicago, 
and  is  at  present  organizing  a  first-class  company,  which  will  play  the  irtiole 
season,  and  he,  himself,  will  be  among  the  players* 

N   ••  ,. 


,'  ^ 

,-   A  ^  i   J   •; 

( .; 

II  A  ^  d  (1)  JEWISH 

^^  /iPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

Courier  Dec.  5,  I9II 

Jewish  Theatre  in  Bijou 

Ur.  Elias  f.   Olickman,  the  well  known  actor,  manager,  has  leased  the  Bijou 
yesterday.  This  theatre  is  located  at  Halsted  street  and  Jackson  Blvd.  and 
will  open  for  business  Christmas  weekf  This  will  he  an  exclusively  Jewish 
theatre*  Mr.  Glickman  is  very  optimistic  over  this  new  venture*  He  promises 
to  have  the  very  best  of  talented  Jewish  actors  on  the  stagOf  He  would  not 
make  any  promises  as  to  his  heinga  co^player  on  the  stage  with  the  other  actors 
but  he  assures  the  public  that  he  will  always  present  a  first  class  company 
of  players*  JLlsot  from  time  to  tims  he  will  present  new  blood  and  talent  of 
the  greatest  in  dramatic  art* 

Ur.  Glickman,  before  departing  for  Kew  York  yesterday  stated,  that  the  Jewish 
Societies  of  Chicago  are  the  ones  who  were  instrumental  in  his  starting  a 
Jewish  Theatre  in  ChicagOt  It  is  because  the  success  of  the  theatre  benefits 
that  the  different  synogogues  and  charity  organizations  have  by  their  untireing 
efforts  induced  Mr.  Glickman  to  venture  a  Jewish  theatre* 


■;  .    V  'Stunt 

II  A  3  d  (1) 
II  D  1 


WKA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30275 

V.-- *» 



Courier,  Noverater  9,  I9II. 

To  the  Lodges  and  Societies* 

This  is  a  letter  to  officers  of  the  different  Jewish  charitahle  organizations. 
Dear  Officers:  1  realize  that  you  are  aware  of  the  fact  that  winter  is  knock- 
ing at  our  doors  and  you  will  need  lots  of  funds  for  your  charitahle  under- 
takings, much  more  now  than  at  any  other  time  of  the  year.   This  is  the  oppor- 
tune time  to  study  and  formulate  plans  for  the  raising  of  funds  for  the    ^> 
necessities  of  the  poor,  this  winter.  ' 


>  .       ^  '   .■   ■      ' 

As  a  possilDle  method,  allow  me  to  suggest  a  Theater  Benefit.  As  a  means  of 

raising  money  for  charitahle  purposes  in  a  large  lump  sum.  Therefore,  as  I 
am  manager  of  the  Louis  Metropolitan  Jewish  Theater,  the  only  Jewish  Theater 
in  Chicago,  which  satisfies  the  public  fuily,  permit  me  to  suggest  the  follow- 
ing plan  to  you  gentlemen:  We  play  every  evening  with  matinees  Saturdays, 
and  Sundays,  the  prices  are  reasonable,  and  we  always  have  a  capacity  house. 


,  *  -J- 


>  .. 



«»_JL_.  ,^4,  ¥■  *;«•.  •'*i!*.ti- 


-JJ.:.^.  ^  -^■"" 

Page  2 

II  A  3  d  (1) 
II  D  1 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

Courier,  November  9»  191^^» 

Our  Theater  is  ready  and  willing  to  serve  you  "by  letting  you  have  as  many  ^ 
theater  tickets  as  you  desire.  You  sell  them  on  a  commission  basis  and  we 
can  assure  you  of  very  profitable  results. 


Jacob  Louis,  Mgr. 
Metropolitan  Theater. 

.■  ,-JS« 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


^^^  OIU  PRCUl^U, 

Courier,  October  20,  1911^ 
Shmi  Israel  (Hear,  Oh  Israel)  in  Metropolitan  Theater, 

Next  Sunday  evening  the  popular  Jewish  actor,  Levenscn,  will  make  his  first 
appearance  in  Shrci  Israel,  at  the  Metropolitan  Theater, 

The  theater-lovers  who  understand  stage  art,  are  expecting  to  see  something 
different  when  the  artist,  Mr,  Levenson  appears  on  the  stage  in  a  role  in 
which  he  can  display  his  great  histrionic  ability. 

11  A  3  d  (1) 


Coorler    May  I5,  I9IO  '^^^^  OH.)  PR0J,3C275 

Bijou  Theater      Hals  ted  and  Jackeon  Blvd« 

Ur«  and  Utb.   Jacob  Adler    in 

■God's  Punishment" 

The  first  of  a  large  repertoire  to  l>e  presented  to  Chicago  l^  this 
fa&ous  couple* 

--  II  A  3  d  (1) 
II  A  1 
II  A  3  b 


^^^  ('LU  Pile.  302?t 

Courier t  May  3,  1910. 

Jews  in  the  Theater  Professions* 

Jews  in  America  and  in  other  countries  as  well,  have  perhaps  at  present  more 
than  their  share  of  representation  in  the  theatrical  world.  Some  of  the  most  fa- 
mous producers,  managers,  ani  theater  owners  in  America  are  Jews.  Moving  pictures, 
which  are  only  beginning  to  make  headway  are  also  controlled  by  Jews. 

Can  it  be  that  Jews  have  a  special  leaning  toward  the  theater?  The  opera  in  Amer- 
ica has  its  greatest  support  from  Jews*   Although  not  many  of  the  operatic  stars 
are  Jews,  mast  of  the  musicians  and  members  of  the  choirs  spring  from  our  people* 

A  prominent  theater  manager  writes  in  response  to  our  query  -  "The  truth  is  that 
there  is  something  in  the  theater  that  attracts  Jews.  Perhaps  it  is  because  the 
theater  combines  art  and  business,  such  as  no  other  business  contains.  My  friends 
ha/5  told  me  that  the  Jew  is  a  natural  born  actor  and  where  the  opportunity  for 
both  business  emd  art  present  themselves,  the  Jew  is  perfectly  at  home# 

-Page  2    .  JgglSH 

iiA3iil)  WPA  (,IU  PRCi  3ta 

II  A  1 
II  A  3  b 

Courier >  l!ay  3,  1910. 

The  Jew  is  an  artist  and  a  poet.  This  can  readily  be  seen  from  the  great  poet- 
ic works  of  our  people  which  .constantly  reverberates  through  hi^toryt  The  Jew 
is  also  a  traditionally  good  business  raan»  Therefore  the  Jew* s  adaptability  to 
the  theater  can  readily  be  seen*** 

Another  Jewish  theater  manager  writes  -  **The  Jews  have  stabilized  the  theater. 
Pianagers  no  longer  run  away  from  their  corap&iies  if  they  become  stranded  in  some 
small  town.  This  practice  has  been  greatly  curtailed  since  the  advent  of  Jews 
in  the  theater  management  and  producing  fields." 

Still  another  writes  -  "I  would  not  like  to  say  that  Jews  are  the  greatest  actors, 
although  our  people  have  given  the  world  very  fine  actors.  However,  the  rank  and 
file  of  actors  in  theaters  are  composed  almost  entirely  of  Jews.   It  seems  to  me 
that  the  Jew  seeks  not  the  money  that  he  can  earn,  but  the  freedom,  the  spiritual 
freedom,  and  the  freedom  of  the  soul.   The  Je?/  finds  that  he  can  more  easily 

rage  o 

II  A  3  d   (1) 
II  A  "l 

II  ^  3   b 

WPA  (ILL)  PRO i.  30275 

•  Courier,   May  3,   1910. 

develop  his  personality  and   individuality  on  the   stage,   and  that    is  why  he  is  so 
well  represented  in  the  acting  profession." 

No  matter  how  we   look  at   it,  the  Jew  has  an  active  part   in  the  theater  world  of 
today  -  be   it   in  the   grand  opera  or   in  the   cheap  burlesque  houses. 

(signed)      Ben-Levy. 

II  A  3  d  (1) 
II  A  3  1) 

WPA  (111.)  PROi.  302/5 

Courier.  April  U,  I5IO. 

Two  Yiddish  Theaters  in  Chicago. 

Beside  the  new  Palace  Theater  which  is  heing  "built  now,  Chicago  will  have 
a  new  large  Yiddish  Theater  on  the  West  Side. 

At  last  Saturday's  concert  of  Uadaire  Kolinsky,  at  the  Auditorium  Theater, 
^hich  was  filled  to  the  rafters,  an  announcement  was  made  that  negotiations  were 
under  we.y  for  the  leasing  of  one  of  the  West  Side  theaters  for  Yiddish  Produc- 
tions.  Three  "IVest  Side  theaters  are  "being  considered,  and  the  decision  of  the 
committee  will  be  announced  to  the  puhlic  at  an  early  date. 

At  the  same  time  it  was  announced  that  the  new  Palace  Theater  was  rapidly 
nearing  completion  and  will  surely  he  ready  for  the  coming  season. 

II  A  3  d  (1)  YIDDISH 

II  D  6 

The  Dally  Jewrish  CourlT.  Oot*  26,   1908* 

WPA  (ILL,)  PROJ.  30275 

Toni^t  is  the  first  perfonanoe  at  the  ne«r  Ifetropolitan  Theatre  for 
the  benefit  of  the  Jewish  %elter*  The  theatre  is  located  at  Jefferson 
aiki  0' Bryan  streets* 

The  well  kaovn  maflterpieoo  Ban-Hador  will  be  played*  All  Jews  of  Qiioago 
should  do  their  utmost  in  order  to  get  these  tioketSi  so  that  Father 
Abraham's  Hotel  would  profit  the  most 9  for  they  are  in  dire  need  of  funds* 

The  Jewish  belter  is  the  only  Jewish  institution  whioh  has  at  all  times 
open  doors  for  the  hungry  and  homeless  Jews*  In  order  to  exist  they  must 
have  money*  Their  expenses  are  enormoust  their  inoome  is  insignifioant* 

The  perpetuation  and  maintenanoe  of  this  shelter  is  grea.tly  dependent 
upon  tonight's  and  tomorrow's  performances*  Help  us  continue  the  noble 
work  of  the  Home*  Remember  tonight  is  the  benefit  for  the  Jewish  Shelter* 

.  r  - 

tl  A  ?  d  (1) 

Courier,  11-14-07 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

The  new  12th  Street  Theatre  just  east  of  Halsted  Street  was 
built  by  the  "  Western  Vaudeville  Association*'  at  an 
estimate  cost  of  |23fOOO.OO.  No  expense  was  spared  to  make 
it  the  most  beautiful  in  Chicago*  It  has  a  seating  capacity 
of ^800  people.   It  is  making  a  special  appeal  to  Jewish 
patronage  and  special  attention  will  be  paid  to  women  and 
children.  Matinees  will  be  given  daily  at  2:30  P.M. 

The  policy  of  the  theatre  is  a  seven  act  vaudeville  bill 
and  a  popular  movie.  Admission  10  cents.  Two  evening 
performances  starting  at  7:30  and  9:00  O'clock  respectively* 



t  >.  .  .!'■  r  ■   .  ■.'.  ; 

II  A  3  d  (1) 
V  B 



WPA  OIL)  PRcj.  30275 

The  Coarier>  November  14,  1907 • 


The  combined  Interests  of  the  large  Western  Vaudeville  Assooiatlon  are  build- 
ing the  new  Twelfth  Street  Theatre  directly  east  of  Halsted  Street,  at  a  cost 
of  |23,000»00«  It  will  have  a  seating  capacity  of  eight  hundred,  with  eight 
hundred  comfortable  seats*  * 

No  expense  will  be  spared  to  make  this  project  a  credit  to  the  community* 
This  theatre  will  cater  mainly  to  Jewish  Patronage  and  will  specially  look 
after  the  comfort  of  women  and  children*  A  matinee  will  be  played  every  day 
at  2:30  P*lf«  The  plays  will  consist  of  seven  vaudeville  acts  and  additional 
showing  of  movie  pictures  at  each  performance* 

The  pictures  will  be  the  same  as  those  being  shown  at  the  Majestic  and  Chi- 
cago Opera  House*  Two  p%rformances  will  begiven  every  evening  at  7:30  P«  M** 
and  9  P«  M«  Price  of  admission  lO^ii 

The  Twelfth  Street  Theatre  is  located  in  the  heart  of  the  Jewish  Ghetto,  and 
the  theatre  hopes  to  have  the  Jewish  patrons  fill  the  house  to  capacity  at 
each  performance # 

^Vi^'fe  .".„•■■.,*'■. 

^•,^;-..t^:.  ^ 


II  A  3  d  (1) 

II  p  g JEWISH 

Courier,  October  I3,  1907* 

Next  Monday  night  will  be  "Shelter  Home  Night"  in  Chicago.   The  International 
Theater  has  been  rented  for  a  theatrical  production,  proceeds  going  to  the 
Shelter  Home. 

Chicago  Jewry  can  best  show  their  appreciation  to  the  Home  by  coining  to  the 
show  end  help  swell  the  proceeds. 


/     / 

II  A  3  d  (1) 
II  2  10 

II  B  1  e 


■  Coiirier.  Jaxraan^  3.  1907.  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ,30275 

Morris  Rosenfeld  Theater  Benefit,   Big  Suc(">ess. 

One   of  the  most    successful  theater  "benefits  tooV:  place   last   evening,   at   the 
International  Theater,   where  Mr,  ond  his  troupe  of  actors,  pls.yed 
the  Jewish  "King  Lear.'*     The   theater  vv.z  packed  with  a  highly  intelligent 

Mr.   B.   Harwitz,  Mr,  A,   Heller,   Mr.   Titus,  Mr,   Sdelman,   and  others  of  the 
Arrangement  Committee  -thjanked  the  puhlic  for  responding  to   this  "benefit, 
as  it  was  for  the  worthy  cause  of  raisin|^  funds  for  the  assistance  of  a 
sicl^  Jewish  poet.     Mr,    Gliclcman  reports  a  net  profit   of  $600, 

•A  nujnher  of  corrpliments  were  peid  Mr,    G-liclonan  "by  the   coinpany  of  actors,  ' 
for  the  way.  Mr,    Gliclarxja  handled  the  affair,  "bringing  it   to   such  a  euccess- 
fijl  conclusion.      There  was  a  letter  with  nany  thanlcs  from  Mr,    Heller,    expressing 

..  t.ii- 


II  A  3  d  (1) 
II  D  10 

II   S  1  e 


Courier.   Jan,    3,    I307. 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

his  appreciation  for  the  interest  Mr.   Hosenfeld,   ai::d  the  Chicago  Jev/ish 
puhlic  have  tr^Icen  in  his  present  condition.     He  also  espressed  his  grer-t  hope 
that  he  will   soon  sing  for  his  lonely  exiled  people. 

II  A  3  d   (1)  JEWISH 

Courier.   June  11,    190f.  ^^  ('i-U  PftO/. 30275  '' 


"The   Cre.zed  One,"    (Dramatic  Review).  | 

Drajna  in  four  acts  Tdv  Jacob  Gorden.      Produced  "by  G-rand  Theater  Compajiy  at 
Academy  of  liusic, 

"The   Grazed  One"   is  a  pl&y  whose  content  and  tendencies  are  even  far  more 
actuated  than  in  any  of  Oorden's  works  for  the   sta^e.      "The   Crazed  One"   is 
not  a.  pl??y  wherein  action  thunders  across   the   stage  and  thereby  detracts 
appfeciativeness  from  the  audience,      "The  Grazed  One"   is  a  play  which  cau- 
ses the  audience  to  forget   its  da^''  to  dpy  affairs  end  completely  shsorb  it- 
self in  the  production. 

Is  the  T3uroose  of  life  to  better  the  well-being  of  men  or  is  it  a  needless 
and  tiresome  process,   void  of  a  goal?     The  architectural   stnjicture  of  the 
play  has  many  draw-backs;    it   is  not  arranged  in  accordance  vith  rules  of 
modern  drama,   and  as   such  ^onild  not  be   accepted  as  an  artistic  work  wortV-y 

Pase  2 


ourier,    June  11,    1^0^. 


'^PA  <JLL.)  PROa  30275 

of  inclusion  ih  the  Jewish  theater  repertoire.  a   good  rcany:  things 
it  does,   however,   have  its   share  of  Jewish  sweetness,   witty  remarks  aJid 

The  following  is  the   story  rr±    the  play: 

Melech  Gerber  is  a  rich  "business  rnan  of  Soroko,   Sussia,   wlio  c^res  not  a  darji 
atout   the  rest  of  the  world  so  long  as  he  gets  his  in  the  wa;;   of  profits.. 
He  deals  in  cow-hides,   rarkin^?  leather,    selling  and  swindling  whoever  crosses 
his  path.     He  loans  money  at  a'bortive  interest  rates,   md  even  causes  arrests 
of  fellow  Jev;s  on  false  accusations  just   so  his  "business  "be   safe  from  harm. 
G-erher  hss   two   children,   Harry  and  Ben  Zion.      The  first   is  an  ignoranovs, 
unable  to  even  sign  his  najne,   "but  adept   at   maJcing  money  and  therefore  finds 
favor  in  the   eyes  of  his  father.      The   second  son  is  educated,   "but  "branded  as 
"Tlie   Crazed  One"   for   stud:i7ing  science  and  the  philosophy  of  t?:e  Rajn"bon(liai- 
monides).      He  admonishes  his  father  for  his  dealings  and  is  caused  to  flee 
from  his  father's  home  and  go   live  with  his  uncle,    Israel  Jaco'b.     Ben  Zion 
invents  a.  remarkahle  machine,   but   it  is  destroyed  by  his  enemies  whom  he  has 

Pac-e  3 

II  A  3  d  (1) 


Courier ,   June  11 ,    I306 . 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ,  30275 

exposed  in  his  writings.      Sventually  he   coriirdts   suicide    saying,    "This  world 
and  its  false  people  are  not   for  De,    I  have  nothing  to   live  for  axiong  them." 

Everj'-thin^:  considered,   the  audience  enjoyed  the  play  immensely,   v 

J.   Leibner. 

II  A  3  d  (1)  J^:r[3'l 


IV  Skandinaven  (Daily  Edition),  r^y   10,  1900. 

The  Director  of  the  Jewish  Theater  CansevS  a  Riot 

A  violent  riot  occurred  at  the  Jev/ish  Theater,  Jefferson  and  C^Trien  Streets, 
yesterday.  Tore  than  one  thousand  Jev/s  of  the  neir^hborhood  participated  in 
the  riot,  anrl  the  director  of  the  theater,  ^  r.  Ellis  Glickman,  was  arrested. 

Ijt,  Joseph  Philipson,  a  department  store  o^'-ner,  vrho  has  a  store  in  the  theater 
building,  had  been  trying  for  30]^e  tine  to  .^ain  control  of  the  nart  of  the 
buildinf*?:  occupied  by  the  theater  for  an  extension  to  his  store,  and  his  at- 
tempts in  this  direction  were  the  cause  of  the  riot.   The  lease  of  *'r.  Glick- 
man— who  had  been  in  possession  of  the  theater  for  tv;o  3^ ears ,  \yhere  he  had 
been  giving  pla?/s  in  Yiddish — had  expired  on  ^'ay  1,  and  T'r.  Philipson  claimed 
that  he  had  sif^ned  a  lease  for  the  theater  v/ith  the  ovmer  of  the  building, 
I'lr.  !!•  Nathan.  L'jf.  Glickman  declared  that  he  had  a  verbal  contract  with 
LIr,  Nathan  for' two  more  years  and  refused  to  vacate. 

n  WPA  o 

II  :.  :^  d   (1)  -  2  -  J~".i^'' 

X  i    ^i.  ^ 

17  ::kar:ciaaven    (Daily  Ilditio^:)  ,    :.:p7  1G,    19nn. 

I.-:^.   Philipscn  T^-ut  a   larr-e  3i.-r   outr^ifle  tho  t-e^ter  offerinr  for  sale  all 
the  fixtures  of  the  placo,      Thir-   enraged     r.    Tlicbnar,   ^.vho   i:r':  ediatel:^^  r'^ade 
Tilann  fnr  revenre.      Ir    the  v^iiidov-js  of  a   saloon,  lacated  in  the   r^a^ie  binMdin.o', 
:.r.    "liclria.n   exiii^iteo    p  nnpc-   of  oia   nhoe.-^   and  rar-'-ed   clothes,    v;ith  the  an-   ^,<. 
nouncer^ent   that   the  c'e-art-i^^it   pt^ro  ^^as  holrlin-  a   ^-reat   sale.      In  order  to^-^" 
hriar^  a   c;rcv;d   together,   he  hired  a  hand   t'^  ^la^  the  llvolieot   turves.  ^7.  ^ 

3oon  a  crov/d  of  r-oro   thap  a   thousano   dwell  ero   of  the  C^ei/ish  onarter  had  **'^>«*^- 

rabr-ered,    overyboriy  havjnr  '\is  or  her  o\m  or^j  •  ion  as   to  whether  I'r*   rhilipson 
or  L:r.   r;licl:i:ian  vTao>   ri'-ht.      .;undenlY  a    -rcun  of   thof^e  ^^^hc  v/ere   sidinr^  viith 
h:r.   Glictaan  beran  to   stor:.i  the  entrances   to  the   store  while   the  adherents  of 
rhilinson  broke  into   the  theater,    and  for  a  v;hjle   it  looked  as   if  the  riot 
nii^ht  assune  serious  n'ronortions.      "j^^e  I.axvVell    street  Police  3tation  v/as  called, 
and  a  patrol  wa,^-on   came  ^ip  with  a  dozen  officers  unier  the  connand  of  Ser-^eant 
Harding.     The  officers  atter.pted   to  break   their  wav  throuf^h  tovrard  the  door  of 
the  theater,   but   the  crov/d  resisted.      The  policemen  pulled  cut  their  clubs, 

II  A  5  d  (1)  -  :5  - 

II  :.  2 

17  okandinaven  (Daily  Ildit:'' or)  ,  ll^y   in,  1900. 

and  Serjeant  Hnrdinp  uolred  trie  Camalport  Avenue  Police  LUation  to  r,erA   more 

77hen  this  second  prou]?  of  officers  aiTived  the  riot  was  at  it.'^  heirrht.     The 
Jews  had  started  fifrhtinp-  each  other,  \vonen  takinr:  "nart  as  fullv  as  did  the 
men.  '..T-ien  the  noise  had  reached  its  hi^^hest  peak,  !'r.  OTickr-ian  and  his  group 
of  actors  appeai^ed,  all  of  tliem  dressed  in  theatrical  This  was  the 
signal  for  increased  rioting,  and  the  actors  v/ere  at  last  conpelled  to  with- 
draw. After  a  while  the  policenen  nsde  the  band  stop  playinr'-,  and  little  by 
little  the  crowd  was  dis":>ersed,  but  I.t.  Olickman  was  arrested,  charr^ed  with 
disorderly  conduct. 

I'r.  3-lickrnan  was  released  by  Judr^e  Dooley.  He  has  entered  suit  a.^ainst  !>. 
Philipson  #io  caused  his  arrest,  and  is  de^nanding  :*'25,000  for  false  arrest. 

II  A  ^  d  (1) 



The  Reform  Advocate.  Wk.  of  March  2U,  1900,  p.  172. 

Mr.  Glickman  has  engaged  as  a  member  of  his  company,  the  talented  Mrs,  ^ 
Bertha  Tanzman  who  is  well-known  in  Jewish  theatrical  circles.   She  is  an  I 

actress  and  prima-donna  of  unusual  merit  and  will  he  a  strong  addition  to  the 
stock  company  on  Saturday  and  Sunday  nights.  Jacoh  Gordon^s  "Brudie  Lurie'*  will 
he  given  in  which  Mrs.  Tanzman  makes  her  first  appearance. 

,      II  A  3  d  (1) 


The  Reform  Advocate.   '^.    of  Au^st   26,   1S99.   P.^7. 


On  Sunday  evening,  September  3rd,  Mr.  Jacob  Litt  will  produce  s.t  the  McVicker's 
Theater  a  new  and  powerful  pipy  from  the  pen  of  Edwin  Arden.   The  title  of  the 
play  is  "Zorah,"  and  the  sulDject,  the  persecution  of  the  Jews  in  Russia. 

II  A  1  d  (1)  JEWISH 

I^  A  3  d  (2) 



The  Reform  Advocate,  Wk.  of  June  2U,  1893.  P»37* 

It  is  pleasant  news  to  announce  the  opening  at  the  Standard  Theater,  of 
a  season  of  opera  and  drama  "by  Adler*s  New  European  Dramatic  and  Burlesque 
Co.  In  the  troupe  are  the  well-known  Pritz  Be  rend,  Emil  Berla,  Jos.  Oreven 
and  Aldoph  Alfreds.  The  performances  are  given  in  the  German- Jewish  Jargon. 


IT  A  3  d  (1) 


The  Occidents  May  27,  1887 • 

(Opposite  McVickers) 



Hebrew  National  Drainatic  and  Opera  Company  from  London,  v/ill  continue  to  .e;i^3je 
perforraances  under  the  direction  of  Mrs«  Senis  Lipzia,  v/ho  in  Rusrie  and 
En^.]and  as  well  as  in  America  (ChiC8.p;o),  -  has  made  herself  beloved  knovm. 


Sundav,  Mav  29,1P87,  The  Fanatic  or.  The  Two  Cune  Lemels,  (Ne'er-Do-Tells)    -, 
at  Twelfth  Street  Turner  Hall • • «••••«••••••••; 

MondaVf  May  ^0,  1887,  Shulamis,  or  the  Dauprhter  of  Jerusalem 

.  II  A  5  d  (1) 

The  Occident.  April  29,  1887. 




(Opposite  McVickers)  ^ 

Mr.  J»  Adler  of  London,  has  the  honor  to  announce  that  a  company  has  been  ';^ 
found  by  the  name  of  the  Hebrew  National  Dramatic  and  Operatic  Stock  Company,  :3 
for  the  purpose  of  establishing  a  Jewish  Theater  Company  in  the  City  of  Chicago. 

Sunday,  May  1,  and  Friday,  May  6,1887,  will  be  nerformed  The  Merry  Gent  lenient 
a  Comic  Opera  in  three  acts  and  six  tablezux* •..•••••••••••••••••••••••.•••• • 

Sunday,  May  8,  will  be  produced  for  the  third  time.  The  False  Hig^h  Priest,  or 
The  Innocent  Victim,  a  trasredy  in  five  acts  with  sonp*s,  by  Dr.  Ben  Zevi  (Odv) 


r^  -    ,  ,  ^  ■►,■  v:-:v, '  .  '  ^v'.-V  -^It t'  '■  -i-  ■ 

•■.n-H^^-.  '  .*-^ .  *.ig^>-T^*,.r-  •■.•^■';"v '-'■ 


-  :mv 

:'■■■<    -.   •     -f' 



A.  Vocational 
3.  Aesthetic 
d.  Theatrical 
(2)  Dancing 


"f-  '--■■ 



■wu-\  /:. 


II  A  3  d  (2) 


*   The  Rafom  Mvooate.  Vol.  75,  p.  630,  Wk.  of  June  23,  1928. 

Harrietta  Louise  BerkoirltXt  a  19  year  old  Chicago  danoert  made  her  Pco^ish 
debttt  in  the  Salle  Pleyel* 

ULss  Berkoiritz  is  the  daughter  qf  Dr*  Joseph  BerkowitSt  medioal  director 
of  the  Chicago  Public  Health  Institute*  She  is  a  graduate  of  the  Francis 
W*  Parker  School • 

In  her  performancet  Hiss  Berkoiritz's  beauty  and  grace  excited  much  com* 
ment  from  critiosy  who  predicted  a  brilliant  future  for  her# 



'— > 



\  f  .. 

ii^^--,.  ^^. 

^^ig^iv ''ft-t  _' J:\'^.*.i-=  5:  v*'Ai^3i' rr.^:L---i.ti*^^V''U  '^  t.\r*^^ 


B.   Avocational  and 
1«  Aesthetic 
a«  Masic 




7  <■     .,'■■*-,.- 

■  '",.   .  »v  •  \ 

i  ;■>•>; 


V  .•  <;■'  -i  ♦■- 



S     v 

J.'-  -♦. 






'J.  %■•■'-•  X 


;<;;?';.,- lL:;dli 





.4^-  /^.i 







:>  :■  f 

V  /■* 

1  ''•■^t ',  ', 





II  B  1  a 


Daily  Jewish  Forward,  Jan.  2,  1924. 

The  new  choir  organized  last  week  by  the  educational  committee  of  the 
V/orkmen's  Circle,  one  of  Chica^to's  largest  Jewish  organizations,  is  on  a 
very  good  basis.  It  is  rapidly  developing  with  much  success. 

Friend  Paul  Lemkoff ,  the  well-known  composer  and  musician,  v/ho  is  v/ell- 
e.35>erienced  in  organizing  and  directing  choirs  of  adults,  was  invited  as 
director  of  the  Workmen's  Circle  Choir.  Registratioie  of  new  members  in 
the  choir  can  be  made  at  the  office  of  the  educational  committee,  1224  S. 
Albany  Avenue. 

Members  of  the  choir  will  not  only  learn  singing  but  will  klso  b©l. taught  to 
read  notes  in  order  to  acquaint  themselves  with  the  theory  of  music. 

/  ■-■■        '-^- 

i'        . 

\--.   y 

m.  -., 

II  B  1  a  minsR 

III  c 

Dally  Jewish  Courier.  Feb,  6,  1923. 



The  cantors'  concert,  ixnder  the  direction  of  the  famous  conductor,  Mr.  Loew  ^ 
of  New  York,  which  took  place  last  Sunday,  was  a  very  pleasant  surprise  to  all  ^' 
lovers  of  Jewish  music  in  Chicago.  The  concert,  which  was  organized  by  the  ir= 
Douglas  Park  Day  and  Night  Nursery  with  the  co-operation  of  all  the  cantors  in  <^ 
Chicago,  would  have  convinced  even  the  most  skeptical  that  there  is  such  a  thing  S 
as  Jewish  music,  which  is  worth  cultivating.  The  concert  proved  that  Chicago 
has  cantors  of  whom  it  can  be  proud,  as  far  as  voice  and  musical  talent  are  con- 
cerned* Mr.  Loew  himself  was  inspired  by  the  material  that  he  found  in  Chicago, 
and  he  believes  that  if  the  cantors  would  continue  to  work  with  the  same  serious- 
ness as  they  did  in  preparation  for  the  concert,  they  could  accomplish  wonders, 
and  they  would  be  able  to  introduce  modern  Jewish  music  in  Chicago. 

The  fact  that  Jewish  music  has  not  only  a  great  cultural  value,  but  also  a  great 



II  B  1  a  -  2  -  JEPjnSH 

III  C  

Dally  Jewish  Courier,  Feh.   6,  1923 • 

educational  value  and  that  It  can  aid  In  attracting  the  youth  to  Judaism,  makes 
the  continuation  of  activity  by  the  cantors  very  desirable. 

We  hope  that  this  city  will  appreciate  the  value  of  the  cantors'  talents  and 
will  give  their  efforts  In  this  field  attention  and  interest.  The  cantors  know 
that  the  famous  Loew  is  always  willing  to  help  them  and  they  should  take  advan-    §' 
tage  of  this  willingness. 




II  B  1  a 

II  B  1  c   (1) 


W?A-(ilL)PROj.  30275 
Forward,   October  g,    I922. 

One  of  the  oiitstanding  features  of  the  grandios  art-evening,   which  is  "being" 
arranged  "by  the  Workers  Circle  League,   Tuesday,    October  I7,    in  Grliclonan' s 
Palace  Theater,   will  he  sn  oratorio  "by  the  noted  coTnposer  and  conductor, 
Peretz  Lemlcoff. 

Mr,   Lemkoff  had  written  this  oratorio  from  a  T)oem  hearing  the  title  "Lonesome" 
"by  the  famous  musician,   Solomon  Goluh.     Famous  music  critics  praise  Kr.   Lem- 
koff's  composition  very  highlj^.      This  oratorio  evokes  memories  of  childhood 
and  awai^ens  the  deep  hut  unattainable  desire   to  become  once  again  a  free  un- 
concerned child.      Eight  voices  will   sing  this  oratorio:      Jack  Amado,   Ubx 
Brodslcy,   (Jeorge   Smith,   J.   Henderson,   Ellen  Golden,   Mrs.   Yeta  Tolchin  and 

Besides  this  oratorio,   two  literary  one-act  drajnas  will  be  presented  and  also 
a  musical  program  of  opera  arias  and  Jewish  folk-songs 

•  * 

■^        • 

II  B  1  a  JSTISH 

WPA  (ILL)  PKOJ.  30275 
Forward,     July  7,   1521 

The  Yiddish  Opera  Society  meets  every  Thursday  evening,  in  the  National 
Social  Institute,  3322  Douglas  Blvd.   We  invite  all  Jewish  singers.   Only 
good  musicians  with  good  voices  and  talent  should  apply. 

II  B  1  a 

II  B  2  f 


YiPA(llUPROi.  30275 

Forward,  October  2,  I92O, 

B,  Vladeck,  Editor  of  "Forward",  to  "be  Principal  speaker  at  Arbeiter- 
ing  (Workers'  Circle)  School  concert. 

The  Socialist  Arbeitering  Schools  will  give  a  jo5At  'concert  at  the 
Graton  Temple  (Eighth  Street  Theater)   at  Wabash  Avenue  and  Eighth  Street. 
Children  from  all  the  Arbeitering  Schools  in  Chicago  will  be  represented  in  the 
choirs,  declamations  and  dramatic  sketches  to  be  presented. 

Mr.  Vladeck  will  speak  of  the  significance  of  the  Je?dsh  Socialist 
Schools,  and  their  influence  upon  the  Jewish  Home. 

II  B  1  a 
I  i 

WPA  (ILL.)  ?HQj.  mib 

>*^  -^> 

f  f. 


,    ;iep*e'no  r    ^ : ,    i 

1  '>  -^r 


A  T)eoz   foil:   concert    v/ill  ^-c     _*.  v..^  Sundry   ::.f  t^^rnoo?^ ,    ^cto'bcr 

»••  -.    •  c.  -  -• 

Josejh  ].Ial':ir,  cello 

,  ,<^,  -k-  ^    -  -^  4-  v»  •  ,  ■.■^  '<  '^  >-\  ^-^  -_    •  «  •  -  *• 

II  B  1  a 
I  A  2  a 




lor^crc,    Septem'b^ir  24,    IjZO,      ^:>.3. 

The   childrer,  frn-i   the  Yiddis'-^.   Socirlic't  'Vorknen'?.   Circle 
schools  will   ures-.ent  a  concer"t  ur.rer  """'•'C   dircntion  of  the 
Music  Director  of  the   scho-^l^,   '.\v.   lilanischevitz.      It   will 
be  held  Octoh-r  10,    1^20   in  t';e  Orion  Grotto   Tenple,   Vabash 

Avei'Aie  oj  3th   Street. 

II  B  1  a  JEWISH 

WPA  (ILL)  PRO  J.  3C275 


Forward,  April  24,   1919* 

People* s  Music   Drama  League* 

A  meeting  of  the  People's  Music  and   Drama  League,  will  take  place  today  at 
4  p.  m.   in  the  Forward  office;     all  members  must  be  present.     A  report  of  the 
concert  will  be  given  and  plans  for  further  work  will  be  laid* 


II  B  1  a 

II  B  1  o  (1) 

I  E 


The  Jev/ish  Labor  :7orldt  February  25,  1919. 

The  Russian-Little  ■Russian  Dramat J  c  ^"^ub,  announces  that  it  has  united  with 
Morris  Sohaffnert  under  the  name  of  Jewish  Russian  Dramatic  and  Singing  Club. 
They  havt^  determined  to  have  divisioiK*-  in  the  club,  one  for  dramatics  and  one 
for  singing. 

The  organizes  club  together  with  the  Young  Peoples  Socialist  Club,  will  run 
an  affair  for  the  Jev/ish  Labor  'Torld. 

II  B  1  a 
II  B  1  c  (1) 


Chicago  He'brew  Institute  Observer,  December,  I9IS, 
Dramatic  and  Musical  Organizations, 




The  Theater  Guild 

•Study  of  Dramatics  and  Presentation  of 
Plays 25  Mi:jred.         , 

Jewish  Literary  and  Dramatic  Society Yiddish  Dramatic  Art  -  65  Mixed. 

C.  H,  I.  Orchestra  -  Postering  Love  of  Good  Music 

Socialist  Singing  Society  Vocal  Music  in  Yiddish 

70  Mixes. 

50  Mixed. 



■  r-  ' 

II  B  1  a 
I  E 

Chicago  He'brew  Institute  Observer,  Decem'ber,  19l6« 
The  Jewish  Socialist  Singing  Society,  hy  I«  B«  Ballin. 




There  were  several  attempts  for  the  last  ten  years  to  hulld  up  In  Chicago  ^ 
singing  society  in  Yiddish,  although  the  existence  of  small  groups  of  slng^ 
ers  may  he  traced  back  to  the  beginning  of  this  century.  The  National  Singl- 
ing Society  was  the  last  futile  attempt  of  a  score  of  youths  to  keep  up  the 
existence  of  a  permanent  Jewish  singing  group*  Others  tried  before  and 

As  it  is  not  my  object  now  to  go  into  any  details  of  the  tinderlying  causes 
for  this  failure,  I  Just  want  to  suggest  that  apparently  the  main  cause  may 
be  looked  for  in  the  fact  that  no  organizations  of  any  weight  and  Importance 
were  behind  them.  The  groups  had  to  depend  largely  upon  their  own  resources 
for  subsistence,'  and  upon  their  own  Immediate  friends  to  serve  as  audiences. 
With  no  strong  and  shining  ideal  to  Inspire,  without  organizations  to  depend 


Page  2 

II  B  1  a 
I  S 


JEWISH  -^^ 

Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Observer,  December,  I916. 

upon  on  a  rainy  day,  without  adequate  and  capable  leaders,  their  fate  could 
not  be  otherwise  than  sealed*  It  took  the  ambitious  and  virile  Jewish  Social- 
ists to  do  away  with  all  the  obstacles  and  difficulties,  and  to  organize  a 
permanent  and  strong  institution  of  an  educational  and  beneficial  character 
in  the  Ghetto. 

The  Jewish  Socialist  Singing  Society  was  organized  by  the  City  Central  Com- 
mittee of  the  Jewish  Socialist  Party  branches,  in  November,  I91U,  with  a 
membership  of  about  fifty,  mostly  untrained  singers,  but  possessing  fair 
voices*  Its  first  meetings  and  rehearsals  were  held  in  Maxwell  Settlement, 
and  later  on  in  various  halls  of  the  West  and  North  West  Sides,  They  were 
crowded  with  guests  and  never  was  the  room  large  enough*  The  preparations 
for  the  first  public  concert  were  elaborate,  and  noted  for  their  strict 

attendance  of  practically  all  members.  Altruistic  exertion  and  sacrifices  of 
the  leaders  permitted  to  engage  a  capable  instructor,  thus  contributing 



Page  3 

II  B  1  a 
I  E 

JEWISH       ^ 
— — — ^        o 

Chicago  Hetrew  Institute  Observer,  December,  I916.  ^ 

largely  to  the  successes  of  the  task*  Mr,  Jacoh  Schafer,  the  conductor^ 
himself  of  proletarian  society,  Socialist  and  musician,  has  given  away  many 
an  hour  freely  and  served  the  Society  with  fervent  devotion.  Within  several 
months  he  succeeded  in  creating  as  harmonious  a  team  as  can  only  be  formed 
out  of  workingmen  dilettantes. 

The  day  of  the  first  concert,  the  11th  of  April,  I915,  in  the  West  Side  Au- 
ditorium, was  a  real  holiday  for  the  members  of  the  Society.  They  all  were 
in  uniform  and  beamed  like  children  performing  for  the  first  time  an  impor- 
tant duty.  It  proved  to  be  a  moral  as  well  as  a  financial  success.  Over 
one-thousand  people  cheered  and  rejoiced  over  this  accomplishment.  Especial- 
ly remarkable  was  the  execution  of  the  Marti re r  Blut  (Martyr • s  Blood) ,  a 
poem  ^  0.  Liesin,  in  a  difficult  musical  interpretation,  a  successful  crea- 
tion of  Mr.  Schafer  himself.  Then  a  few  more  concerts  followed  suit,  among 
them  one  coinposed  of  folk  songs,  exclusively,  tmique  of  its  kind,  but  most 
of  the  concerts  were  of  popular  and  classical  pieces. 

Page  U 

II  B  1  a 
I  X 


Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Observer,  ])ecember,  I916. 



It  is  already  the  tradition  of  the  Society  to  publish  an  elaborate  and  expen- 
sive program,  containing  the  text  of  all  the  poems  and  songs,  as  well  as  eome 
selected  articles  pertaining  to  the  activities  of  the  Society,  and  to  distri- 
Inite  them  among  the  audience*  One  of  the  most  important  aims  prominently  fig- 
uring in  the  Constitution  of  the  Society  is  to  distribute  Jewish  Socialist 
poetry  and  workingmen^s  melodies  among  the  Jewish  laboring  masses.  A  program 
like  this  is  a  heavy  expense,  and  the  advertisements  gathered  from  syiqpathi- 
zers  do  not  usually  cover  it  in  full. 

ihe  last  concert  was  exclusively  devoted  to  the  Russian  Revolution,  and  was 
given  in  the  gymnasium  of  the  Hebrew  Institute  on  the  12th  of  Uay.  It  was 
attended  by  aa  interested  and  intelligent  audience.  Again  the  Marti  re  r  Blut 
proved  to  be  the  big  hit.  Ur.  Absfield,  the  tenor,  was  this  time  at  his  best, 
and  the  other  soloists  gave  also  a  good  account  of  themselves.  Miss  Boral  and 
Mr.  Manievitch  betrayed  a  deep  tinder  standing  of  their  respective  parts,  and 
brought  the  audience  to  its  feet.  Plans  are  underway  to  publish  the  music  of 
the  above,  as  well  as  of  several  other  productions  of  Mr.  Schafers. 

II  B  1  a 

II  B  2  f 




Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  O'bserver^  Novem"ber,  I9I2. 

Piano  School, 

Chir  Piano  School  was  continued  throughout  the  year,-  The  registration  for 
the  year  was  5I  -  ^*^S  female  and  5  nale,  against  37  l^st  year,  with  a  total 
attendance  of  96S  against  U5I  the  year  previous.  Owing  to  the  great  demand 
made  upon  this  school  it  v;as  decided  to  keep  the  school  open  five  days  a 
week  instead  of  four  as  heretofore.  While  as  yet  we  have  not  discovered 
a  Ruhinstein  or  a  Mozart,  we  have  nevertheless  enahled  a.  good  many  children 
to  cultivate  a  taste  for  music,  and  in  time  perhaps  even  to  develop  superior 
talent,  A  charge  of .25^  per  lesson  was  made. 


1912  -   1913 


1911  -  1912 

16U, ?0 


II  B  1  a  JEWISH 

Courier   Dec.  U,  19U  WPA  (ILL)  ^^ROj.  30275 

Jacob  Gordon  Literary  and  Drama  Club 

We  take  this  opportunity  of  making  it  known  to  our  Jewish  friends  that  we 
have  organized  a  Dramatic  club  in  Chicago*  Any  young  man  or  young  girl  who 
possesses  more  or  less  talent  in  Dramat  who  wish  to  Join  otir  club,  may  do 
80  at  once*  There  will  be  no  fee  charges  this  month*  Our  club  rooms  are  in 
the  Palace  Opera  Building,  Boom  23*  Open  evening  7*30 

II  B  1  a  ma SE 


Courier.     November  IJ,   1911  WPA  ^ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

Chicago's  Cook-Fot 

On  Thanksgiving  evening,  November  30th,  at  the  Hebrew  In£?titute,  a 
Memorial  Concert  will  take  place  for  the  purpose  of  raising  funds  with  which 
to  assist  the  family  of  our  recently  deceased  Humorist  and  Writer,  Mr,  D. 

Mr.  Apotheckar  was  one  of  the  greatest  Humorists  in  our  Jewish  litera- 
ture, and  still  he  could  not  avoid  the  lot  of  the  other  Jewish  writers,  and  he 
left  his  family  destitute. 

It  is  the  duty  of  the  Jewish  Public  to  do  everything  possible  to  assist 
this  poor  family  in  their  distress.  We  are  patiently  awaiting  the  report  of  the 
Committee,  which  is  workiiig  without  any  letup  to  make  this  undertaking  a  success. 

II  B  1  a  JEWISH 

VVPA  (ILL;  HKwJ.^U^/b 
Courier,  October  I3,  1907, 

The  Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  is  organizing  a  "Peoples  Choir"  under  the  diren- 
tion  of  Isaiah  Temple  of  New  York  fame.  The  first  meeting  will  take  place 
Tuesday  evening  at  S  o'clock.  All  interested  in  choral  work  are  invited 
to  attend. 

(Signed)  Aleph. 

II  3  1  a 






The  Reform  Advocate,  Wk.  of  September  3,  ISgS.  p#U3.  ^ 


It  is  a  matter  of  great  pride  to  Sinai  Congregation  that  two  memhers  of 
its  choir,  Wm.  Wegener  and  Mrs,  Hemmi,  had  been  selected  as  soloists  for  the 
recent  North-western  Saengerfest,  held  at  Davenport,  la.  Both  artists  met 
with  great  success  at  the  gathering. 

II  B  1  a  Jg^ISH  '! 

The  Reforra  Advocate.  'Vk.  of  May  23,   1896.  p. 294. 

Hfeister  Robbie,  the  nine  year  old  son  of  W.   and  Llrs»  N.  V..  Eisendrath, 
has  composed  a  waltz,   entitled  "First  Thought  V/altz,''  for  piano.      It   is  a 
clever   composition  and  speaks  well  for  the  lad's  talent. 

r  " 

r  - 



II  B  1  a 


Th»  Reform  Advocate >  Wk.  of  Deceroter  21,  1895*  P»760, 

Ume*  Pa2inle  Bloomfield-Zeisler  will  give  a  recital  before  the  Ameteur 
Musical  Glob   at  Steinway  Hall,  Dec*  30th,  at  10:30  a.m.  The  public  will  be 



II  B  1  a 




The  Heform  Advocate >  Vol,  21 »  p.  305»  May  -  Oct,   1B95 



The  Clay  Literary  Association  was  established  in  Chicago  hy  eleven 
iJewlsh  young  men  in  Septemher,  1S59«   Th^  object  of  the  Association  was  to  gain 
a  more  intimate  union  among  the  young  men  of  Chicago  and  for  the  promotion  of  li- 

•  •        The  officers  were:   Henry  U.  Hart,  President;  DtJ*  Boehm,  Vice-President, 
G.A.  Levi,  Recording  Secretary;  Martin  Barbe,  Financial  Secretary;  and  P. S.  Mandle, 

.  .M 


II  B  1  a 


Th#  Hafonn  Advocate,  Wk,  of  December  9,  lg93«  p«276« 


The  pupils  of  Mr.  Mode  Wineman  will  give  an  afternoon  musicale  at  the    ^ 
residence  of  Mrs.  Oerstel,  3309  S.  Park  Ave.,  December  l6th.  ^ 

II  E  1  a 



The  Reform  Advocate ,  \/k.  of  ^ct.  21,  1893 • 


The  pupils  of  Si^nund  Kahn  p;ave  a  .^ienc  recital  in  Chickering  Hall,  last 
Tuesday  evening*  The  progrejii  was  made  up   of  classical  and  modern  composi- 

II  B  1  a 


The  Refer m  Advcce.te^  rfki.   of  April  2,    1892. 


Miss  Rosa  Coh?^  •  ,  soprano,  Mr.  rleriaeii  Sundeeji,  baritone,  end  Mr.  W.  S* 
Bracken,  basse,  pupils  of  Ir.  L.  A.  Phelps,  f'  an  Interesting  concert 
on  Thursday  evening  at  the  Atheneura  Hall. 

II  E  1  a 


The  Reform  Advocute,  wk.   of  i-ie.rch  o,    18C-2. 


A  Musicale  v;ill  be  f-iven  by  Hr.  Lode  "rfinemDn's  pupils   en  Saturday  afternoon, 
the   12th  inst.,   st  the  reaidence  cf  lirs.  W.   A.  Walter,    3142   Caluinet  Ave. 

II  B  1  a 


The  Refcm  Advocate^  \vk«  of  January  9,  1892 


A  f;;reiid   testincnial  concert  v;ill  be  tendered  to  L:r«  Frenz  IVald,  the  v/ell 
knoivn  local  musician  and  cr.-^onist  cf  Zion  Temple,  at  the  Auditorium  Recital 

Among  the  prcirdnent  musicians  v;i.c  will  ap.oear  on  that  occasion  are:  Eernhard 
T'ollenhauer,  the  celebrated  violinist,  Leo  Llellis,  Joseph  Silberstein  and 
Miss  Ella  Rosenbaun. 

II  E  1  a 


TliB  Reform  AdvoQate^   wk«   cf  June  19,    1S91» 

/CRCIIESTRA  111   ■  IIWiL  CwICERT  / 

The  Symphony  Club  Orchestra  rj^ve  the  fourth  ajid  final  -cncert  cf  its  season 
on  Tuesday  evenin-,  at  Central  Lusic  Hall.  Director  Jacobsohn  is  developing 
the  talent  at  his  com  and  to  excellent  effect*  Von  Suppers  Overture,  **Poet 
and  Peasent,"  was  surprisingly  v^ell  done,  likewise  the  nev/  Kensington  vmltz 
by  Liebling.  -Ambrose  Thcr.ias«  overture  "Raymond"  was  fairly  well  done. 
Jerone  C*Connell,  a  new  laeniber  cf  the  orchestra  essayed  the  difficult  trom- 
bone solo,  Vfa^^^ner '  s ,   " Evening  Star." 

one  of  the  most   intar^itiflg  features   of  the  evening  was   a  violin  solo  by 
Mrs.   E.   S.   Jacobsohn,   Spohr's  ••Concert  No*   S.** 

II  E  1  a 


X  A  1  d  The  Reform  Advocate.     V/k#   of  June   12,    1891. 



In  the  violin  department  cf  the  Chicar^o  Llusical  ^ollef,e,  seven  pupils 
were  in  the  contest  for  the  diamond  i.iedai,  the  ;udo;es  being  Dr#  F.  Ziegfeld, 
August  Hyllested,  end  S.  £•  Jacobsohn.   The  Rev.  Dr.  K.  \i.   Thomas'  prize  a 
diamond  nedal  for  the  best  violinist  in  the  college,  wb.s  awarded  to  YiTilferd 
V\[oolett.  The  judges  found  it  difficult  to  decide  the  awarding  of  the  prize 
as  ViToolett  and  Leon  Llarx  were  so  nearly  equal.   Dr.  Ziegfeld  decided  th^t 
there  should  be  a  diamond  medal  for  Leon  Llarx,  and  announced  tliat  he  v/ould 
donate  the  prize  to  Iviaster  karx.   The  second  prize,  the  college  gold  medal 
for  tlie  second  best  violinist,  wb.s  awarded  to  l»iaster  Adolph  Loeb,  end  the 
third  prize,  the  silver  medal,  v.dll  go  to  ..Ir.  Elijah  Courlender.   Those  who 
took  part  in  the  contest  besides  the  winners  were  Henry  Eeermoji,  IZichael 
Lyons,  ond  Lliss  Lenora  Jackson. 

II  B  1  a 


The  Reform  Advocate,  Y^.   of  !.oy  2  9,    1891.  "r' 

II  II  <■■■■■»■    ■    iiii  .\^r 


The  Chicago  Conservatory  aiincunces  two  i^iore  concerts  to  occur  prior  to  the 
close  cf  the  present  ten.i,   both  cf  Vvhich  will  take  place  at  the   Columbia  ^ 

Theater^     The  dates  fixed  for  these  two     entertainments  are  June  11th  and 
18th«      The  piano  department  will  furnish  one  cf  the  pro.^rams,  with  the  assist- 
ance cf  pupils   from  the  vcoal  and  viclin  c.eparti.*ents;    end  the  ether  program 
will  be  presented  by  pupils   of  Sijnor  Carpi,    assisted  by  advsjiced  pupils  of 
the  piano   department* 

II  E  1  a 


The  Refoin  Advocate,  ATc.   of  April  10,   1891. 


lime*  Fannie  Bloomfield  Zeisler  was  paid  a  hi£:h  compliment  last  week  when  she 
v;as  asked  to  appear  as  soloist  at  the  concert  of  Lenox  Lyceum  in  I^ew  York, 
April  19,   to  be  given  as  a  f^rand   farev/ell  to  Theodore  Thomas^     Irie.  Zeisler 
was  forced   to  decline,   ov;ir^  to  her  en/^a^enent  with  the  /irnateur  Ivlusical  Club 
of  this  City,   of  -^.pril  20. 

*..  • 


II  B  1  a 

The  RefoiTTi  Advocate.   '.&.  of  April  10,   1891 



The  next  meetinc  of  the  Liebling  Amateurs  will  take  place  at  L:r.  Liebling*s      *> 
studio,  Kiniball  liall,  245  -Vabash  Ave,  Santurday  afternoon,  April  11th.  I^t. 
;«•  S.  B.  Llathews  will  deliver  a  lecture,  v/ith  illustrations  at  the  piano  by 
Llr.  Liebling* 

The  concert  given  by  the  S^Tiphony  Club  Orchestra  Tuesday  evening  at  the  Central 
I.:usic  Hall  was  well  attended.  A  fine  program  was  given.  The  soloists  were 
Emil  Liebling,  Miss  Grace  Ililtz,  Lrs.  Claire  Lurray,  Joseph  Olheiser,  and 
Leon  A.  Strauss* 

II  3  1  a 
II  A  3  b 

The  Reform  Advocate >  wk.  of  April  3,  1891. 



The  Amateur  LIusical  Club  cave  its  anr^ual  charity  concert  last  night  at  the 
Central  L'usic  Hall»     A  very  interesting  program  v/as  well  rendered. 

Theodore  Thorras*   ITev;  York  orchestra  will  give  a  weeks  return  season  of  concerts 
at  the  Auditorium,   beginning  Monday,  April  27th. 


r.  > 



II  3  1  a 

The  Heforn  Advocate ,  v;k.  of  Larch  6,  1891. 

^^SICAL  -i^iX^T  IVITIi;^ 

T\'-X)  Chicane  children,  Tiss  Gussie  Gotllov;,    pianist,    and  Llaster  Leon  r.larx, 
violinist,   are   just  novj  atLractin^  a  good  deal  of  attention  in  other  cities. 

Carl  V/clfsohn*s  series  of  trio  evening  v/as   concluded  last  'Aiursday  at  Hour- 
nicue*s  Hall.     LIr.   'folfschn  has  certainl^^  done  his  share   of  the  v;oik  to- 
v/ard  the  musical  advancenent  of  tliis   city,    and  tie  five  concerts  of  this 
season  give  added  emphasis   to  hif?  services    in  this  direction. 

Lev3^,  the  vxell-knorm  cornetist,   is  organizinf^  a  nilitary  band  for  the  road. 


B.   AYOCational 

and  Intellectual 
!•  Aesthetic 

b.  Painting  and  Sculpture 

II  B  1  b  JEWISH 

II  D  6 

Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Observer,  1923. 



Many  well  known  artists  have  their  works  listed  in  the  Art  Exhibit  Catalojfuei.- 
The  artists  having  works  at  the  Exhibit  are:  Emil  Armint  David  Bekker,  :| 
Borris  Deutch,  Leo  Garland,  Todros  Geller,  William  Jacobs,  Graziella  Jacoby,  ' 
Ne  Jenkin,  Zan  De  BLopper,  Charles  Raphael  Prilik,  L*  Rubensteint  Carl  Sacks^j 
William  Se  Schwartz,  Walter  Schneiderman,  N*  P.  Steinberg,  Geo.  W.  Weisenburg|^ 
Agnes  Clark  Winkler  and  Oscar  Yampolsky* 


















Dally  Jewish  Courier >  Jan.  4,  1923. 


(Article  In  English) 

Through  the  initiative  of  a  number  of  advanced  students  of  art  and  yoxing 
artists  there  has  been  formed  an  Art  Institute  Club  which  will  meet  reg- 
\ilarly  in  the  Art  Rooms  of  the  Jewish  People's  Institute,  1258  W.  Taylor 

Young  artists  and  advanced  students  of  art  are  cordially  invited  into  the 
fellowship  and  comradeship  of  the  Club.  A  special  meeting  is  announced 
of  the  present  membership  and  all  those  interested  to  discuss  the  proposed 
program  and  plan  of  action  of  the  Club. 

V/ith  the  assistance  and  co-operation  of  the  Institute  the  Art  Club  is 
establishing  a  studio  for  independent  class  work  and  discussion  on  art  and    ^ 
related  topics. 



*  II  B  1  b  -  2  -  JilVaSII 

'     ^     II  B  1  c   (2) 

II  B  2  f  Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,    Jan.   4,   1923. 

II  D  6 

Rhythmic  and  Fancy  Dancing  Class 

The  Lbnday  afternoon  class  in  Rhythmic  and  Fancy  Dancing  v/ill  resume        ^ 
its  regular  sessions  on  lbnday  afternoon,  January  8,  1923,  at  4  o* clock.     ^ 

Parents  interested  in  registering  their  children  for  this  class  should 
call  at  the  office  of  the  Jev;ish  People's  Insti^ite,  1268  V/.  Taylor 
Street  or  telephone  ila^.Tnarket  6400. 


-  o 

II  B     lb 
II   B  £   d   (2) 

The  Daily    Tor Id,   February  16,    1918 


WPA  (:Ll;  i^KUJ. 302/5 



K«   I.larmer. 

The  odd  life  of  Morris  V/eissenherg  is  an  example  of  the  remarkable  pov/er 
of  the  artistic  soul,  that  cannot  be  suppressed  despite  misery  and  want* 

Vi'eissenberr  has  loved  art,  since  his  childhood*  He  did  not  have  the 
opportunity,  as  a  child,  to  be  j^"^®^  Q-^  artistic  education.  Remaining 
an  orphan  at  an  early  age,  no  one  rendered  enough  attention  to  his 
affectations,  caprices,  and  "crazes."   The  artistically  inclined  child 
had  no  interest  for  anything  that  existed  in  his  father's  house.  He 
was  attracted  to  the  solitude  of  nature • 

II   B   1   b  -  2  -  JETVISH 

II  B  2  d  (2) 

WW  (^Ll,)  Phuj,  JU^/,'5 
The  Jewi sh  Dai  1  y  V.'or  1  d ,   February  l6,   19l8« 

Conditions  corrpelled  him  to  follov/  the  of  his  father  and  brotlier^ 
to  adopt  a  business  career,  but  he  y.ras  more  poet  than  merchpnt  and  his 
dreams  of  strange  beauties  had  more  influence  upon  him  than  realities, 
with  its  accounts  and  profits. 

His   quest   for  beauty  destroyed  his   interest  in  physical  v/ell   being;    he   turned 
away  from  the  material    life  end  beg^n   to   seek  the  v/ill   for  \vhich  his   soul 
thirsted.     He  entered  an  art   school   and  expected  great   results.     He   then  married 
and  acquired  new  obligations   to  fulfill. 

This   set  him  on  his   travels.     He   thought  he   could  better  himself  in  America, 
but  he  v/as  bitterly  disappointed.     He   found   out   that  here    in  the    ''land   of 
unheard  of  opportunities"    there   is  a   smaller  place   for  dreams  than  in  the   country, 
in  which  he  was  born. 

II   B   1  b 

II   B  2   d   (2) 

-  3    - 


The  Dai  ly  .Tor Id,    February  16,    1918. 

^?^  aw  RKnj.  30-5 

Life  v/as  very  difficult  for  the  dreaming-artist  in  America.  His 
finest  dreams  v/ithered  and  disoeresed  into  dust»  Yet.  he  did  not  e^ive 
up  nis  fight •  Through  pricking  thorns  end  sharp  stones,  he  broke  his 
Y/ay  8Jid  later  became  acquainted  v/ith  the  -Irt  Institute.   Aside  from 
nis  heavy  physical  li.bor  in  a  factoryt  he  also  did  some  janitor  work  in 
the  Art  Institute,  and  in  the  Art  school  in  order  to  be  close  to  the 
source  for  which  his  artistic  soul  pined. 

In  this  condition  of  hard  factory  and  janitor  v/ork,  he  turned,  two  years 
ago,  to  the  "Jevj-ish  Art  Friend,"  v/hich  I,  at  that  time,  edited.  Upon 
my  request,  he  brought  some  of  his  v/ork..# .sketches  on  paper  be- 
cause he  had  no  money  for  canvas  and  paint.  My  first  impression  was, 
that  here  stands  an  artist  of  the  most  intimate  opinion;  an  artist  v/ho 
possesses,  v/ithin  his  pov;er,  the  discover^/  of  the  mysterious  movement  of 
the  soul. 

II   B   1  b  -  4   -  JHTTISK 

II   B  2   d   (2) 

WPA  (ILL)  PROj.  50^75    . 

The  Dally    "orld,   February  16^    1916 • 

Unfortunate  by  'Fhe   Je-Tlsh    Art  Fri.end  dissolved^      Yet,   the  artist's   struggles 
did   not   oeasef.     Later,   Ivlorr-is    .eissenberg  had  the   opportunity,    for  a 

few  months,    to  live  for  his   art  end   the   r-^sult  v/as  an  exhibition  of  his 

Not  all  his    oaintin.^s   and   sketches   are   the   r^roduot  of   a  fevr  "honev 
months."      A  great  part  of  them  were  made  during  a  t^vo  year  period,  v;hen 
the  artist   still  worked  phy'^ically  and  used  to  do   his  paintings   before 
he  went  to  v/ork* 

II    B   1   b  -   5   -  J^JI^ 

II   B  2   d    (2) 

WPA(iLlJ^^O,;.  30275 

The  Dally     orldy  February  16,    1918. 

The  exhibition  of  Morris  eissenber^'s  paintings  is  arranged  by  a  group 
of  Jewish  and  non-Jevash  art  friends,  v/ho  are  convinced,  that  they  have 
discovered   n.  God-blessea   artist,  v/ho  vfill   pos.^ibly  be   a  blessing  to  the 

race  that  bore  him. 

The  noted  Chicago  painter,  Zdv/ard  Tunan,  expressed  himself  most  clearly 
by  picturing  Morris  ^.'eissenberg  with  the  folioving  v^ords: 

"No  other  thing  touched  me  so,  in  the  modern  art  v/orld,  as  the  sketches 
and  paintings  of  !«Ir.  Iv'orriG  eissenberg.  They  give  me  complete  satis- 
faction, because  they  arouse  in  me,  thoughts,  actual  thoughts,  sentiment, 
deep  sentiment.   This  artist  is  not  interested  in  photographic  genuiness 
of  form,  color,  and  so  forth,  but  v/ith  the  reelity  of  God's  nature, 
may  it  be  a  human  being  or  a  tree# 

II  B  1  b  -  6  -  J^VI SH 

II  B  2  d  (2) 


The  Daily  Vorld,  February  16,  1918. 

"He  is  a  dreamer  and  the  v/orld  v/ould  certainly  cease  to  exist  if  there 

would  be  no  dreamers*   Such  persons  as  Triner,  the  English;  'ilhelm 
Moss,  of  Holland;  Ivlile,  of  France;  and  "hestler,  of  Merica;  these  very 
persons  have  given  the  world  such,  that  makes  life  v^orth  living* 

"This  artist  endows  us  with  inspiration,  strong  sentiment  and  promises 
us  a  golden  future." 

The  exhibition  of  Morris  -eissenberg's  painting  v/ill  open,  February  18, 
in  the  art  gallery  of  Moulton  and  Rlckerts,  71  T«  Van  Buren  :it.,  and 
vail  contain  the  follov/ing  pieces: 

II  B  1  b 

II  B  2,  d  (2) 

-  7  - 

The  Daily  .or Id,  February  16,  1916# 



1.     Lonely  Hours. 

8#   My  Museum. 

£•  Darkness* 

9.  A  Son  of  Israel. 

3»  The  Peaceful  Summer 

10.  The  Disappearance 

4.  Drama. 

11.  Elegy. 

5.  Those  '.Vho  Are   Hurt. 

12.  Darkness,   (sketch) 

6.   Silence. 

13.   A  Pencil  Study. 

7.      Favorable. 

14.       i^legy     (  Irrangement). 


II  B  1  b  -  8  -  JE"1  SH 

II  B  2  d  (2) 

T:ie  Daily  ':orld.  February  16,1918.        VVFA  (!LL.)  PR0i.30?75 

Prom  the  above  list,  we  can  see  that  Morris  .Zeiss enberg  is  a  poet,  a  poet 
of  strokes  and  colors,  and  a  visit  to  his  art  exhibition  will  surely  be 
an  unusual  artistic  enjoyment* 

■   .7 

-     .■    V   ■,,• 

•■     ■.  .         '       <   '■    •:  ' 

/    ■ 


~-  '^.T,    ^",-1  "1.-    -  .    '> 

•  "■■'  ■>}  ^'  -  '• . 





II  B  1  b 


The  Reform  Advocate.  Vol,  UU,  Wk.  of  Jan,  25,  I913,  v.JjG. 


Mr.  Harry  Solomon,  who  has  recently  returned  from  Paris,  where  he  con- 
tinued his  art  work,  has  on  exhibition,  in  Sinai  Social  Center,  a  very 
"beautiful  collection  of  portraits  and  drawings. 




%^^^  • 


?   »        •   V,  ^ 

«^  • ,  _  J. 

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:  -H, 




B*  Avocational  &  Intellectual 
!•  Aesthetic 
c.  Theatrical 
(1)  Drama 

■  II*  *^   ^- 

'-  »■: 



6 -■«' :\  ".•.:'"'■ -yji?'*.! 

*">'*'-^    -- 

**-    ■   -  ■  ■^'-^  '■  -  - 

—  ^ 

II   ?   1   c(l) 
II  D  6 

The  "oforn  Advoc-ue.   r!ay  l6,    1931*  "S 

The  hi2;h    spot  of  the  v/eek  in    Qncu[;,o,    particularly  in  the   history  of  the 
Institute   ?layers   cT  the  Je;vi  sh  People's  Institute,  v/'^^s    "he   v/innin^;   of  first 
honors   in   the  Drama  Let^  ue   Tournament  held  at  the  Goodman  Theater  last 
Sunday  ni{^it» 


The   presentation  of   "The  Dollar     by  David  Tinski  \ms  av;arded   the  hi    host   single 
honor   of   the  Tournanent   fo^   ••  t's^bril". i-int:   sta^in^;^  and   pres  nt. ticn»      The 
•3ilver  Cup    that  has  alv^ays  been  av;urded  an..ually,   v;as  never' won   twice  by 
any  or^i^uni  zation*     It  was  a  happy  comiany  and   director  that  broughts,  after 
a    stirrinK    ccinpetition,    the    cup  back  again   to   the  Jev/ish  Peoplu'o   institute. 

II  3  1  0  (:)  -  2  -  j-r:  ilv 

II  D  6 

The  n 0  r o rm  . vdv c ca  te  |  l6,    1931  • 

The   cont   .-t  wi^s  pi-rtici  j.uted   in  by  Greater  Chicu^o  or -jjanizu  Lions.      This  ^Tj- 
cluded   suburban  companies.      Sixteen  Lit:le  The^-ter^    comp^teLl   i*nd    reuresefeed 
independent  and  college:    [-roups.     The  mt'tViod   oC     procedui^e  \r  s   the    sel    ction 
of  the    four  best,  productions   for  a    fin^  1  r.hovdn^     I"i   the    finul    showing  the 
selection   of  one    from   the   four  \v:is  mad-^    m    ucuuxi*   of   the   Institute* 

Last  year    tiic  Institute   Players  v;on  the    cup  v/ith      "The   Tenth  Man".        This 
triumph   comes  at   the  height   of"   the   Institute   /layers  mos.:   successful,  artistic 

The   settin^^s  v/ere    designed  by  Clive  Ricktbau;:^.     In   the    cast  were  "^ose   Ccapp, 
l-olly  Kr.mert   Clarice  '^'einert   Charles  S^/adeshf  Herman  Brodsky,   .Cli    Ta^^^e, 
Aalph  'Cchoolman,   Louis  Gitloz,    Cam  Addams  and  ~a\lph  Cilverstein.      Besides 
'vvinnin^      the   trophy,    the    Institute      1    yers  were  awarded  h^^nor-ble  mention 
for  the  best  diction. 



II  B  1  c  (1) 

II  B  2  f  ,  

II  3  1 

Forward ,  Apr*  10,  1931. 

By  The  Jev/ish  People* s  Institute  Players. 

''That  llan*s  Soul",  a  famous  Chicago  gangster  draraa,  \7ill  be  presented  to- 
morrow and  Sunday  at  the  J"e-;ish  Institute  Theater.  Tliis  drama  is  interesting 
in  that  it  gives  the  people  a  glimpse  of  the  life  of  the  unden*;orld.  This 
play  is  directed  by  Charlec  Freeman,  director  of  the  Institute's  players. 

Many  talented  young  players  v.lll  take  part. 

II  B  1  Q 

II  B  1  a 

HI  B  3  b 



For^vard,  Mar.  27,  1931. 

A   splendid,  festive  program  of  entertainment  v;ill  be  presented  in  the  Lawn- 
dale  Theater,  on  the  second  night  of  the  Passover.  Theater  lovers  will  enjoy 
a  very  interesting  melodrama  with  delightful  music.  Jennie  Gk>ldstein,  pop- 
ular Jewish  actress,  will  play  the  leading  role.  The  name  of  the  play  is, 
^lier  Grolden  Dream." 

Miss  Goldstein  made  a  bi^^  hit  with  this  role  in  New  York,  and  it  is  certain 
that  she  will  be  a  bi^^  success  in  Chicago  also. 

This  noted  actress  has  been  absent  from  Chicago  for  the  last  three  years. 
During  those  years  Miss  Goldstein  played  on  the  English  stage  with  enviable 



The  length  of  Miss  Goldstein* s  stay  in  Chicago  is  not  detenained  as  yet. 
However,  she  may  perform  here  for  at  least  six  weeks. 

-  2  -  JEWISH 

Forward,  Mar.  27,  1931. 

Miss  Goldstein  is  beginning  her  performance  Thursday  night. 

The  coming  program  in  the  Lawndale  Theatre  will  include  Morris  Schwarts, 
Molly  Picon,  and  Michael  Michalesco. 

Last  Sunday  night,  the  well-known  Oelia  Adler  bid  farewell  to  her  Chicago 
fans.  The  theater  was  filled  with  admirers  who  came  to  say  good«by,  to 
her,  and  also  to  see  her  in  the  title  role  of  "Street  Women." 

The  plot  of  the  show  was  gay  and  sad  in  turn.  The  performance  was 
splendid.  Miss  Adler  was  unique  in  her  role. 

The  artistic  performances  of  the  two  famous  Hebrew  actors,  formerly  with 

the  Moscow  Art  Theater, and  later  with  the  Habima,  have  aroused  great  interest 

among  the  intelligent  theater  patrons. 

«   • 

-  3  -  JS.:ISH 

/or.vard,  lar.  27,  1931. 

.  These  noted  artists  v;ere  hicHly  praised  for  their  artistic  perfon^ancGS  by 
Gorki,  Stanislavsky  Shaliapin  and  noted  Jev;ish  critics. 

iv;r.  Yardi  is  an  exceptional  comedian,  his  characterizations  bringing  laughter 
and  happiness  to  his  audiences. 

iviadam  Yoliet  v/ill  recite  passages  froi'i  the  Ldble  and  also  Hebrev/  frorn 
classical  and  iiodern  Palestine • 

Vardi  v:ill  play  roles  from  his  ovm  plays.  :.e  v/ill  perform  scenes  from  the 
Russian  Revolution  and  sho?;  pictures  of  .-j.ierican-Jev/ish  life  and  scenes  from 
Italy  and  ralestine.  • 

i'^jaong  his  popular  presentations  v;ill  be  the  ''Jewish  Lother;''  "Trotzky  near 
the  Red  Square;"  '^The  Japanese  and  the  Jen  Tribes;'^  "Jhree  tmd  vour;^'  '^Sabbath 
in  a  small  '^own,'^  and  nur.ierous  other  worth  while  and  entertaining  numbers. 

II  B  1  c    (1) 



Chicaf^o  Hebrew.  Institute  Ot) server,   Novern'ber  21,    I929.. 



The  Dramatishe  Ge^elshpft    (Jewish  Art  Plryers)   h?ve  "been   successful  in 
engpging  the   services  of  !.!r.  Ahrshpin  Morevsl<y  for  their  d.vp.meXic  director        <^ 
of  this  forth-coming  season.     Mr.   !.!orevs>y  is  one  of  the  founders,  of  the  i 

famous  Wilner  Troupe,    rn  actor  and  director  of  note  .?Jid  a  prominent  Jour-  , 
nalist,   besides.     Ke  expects  the  first  perfomc?nce  to  he  ^^iven  in  the  last 
pa-rt  of  December,   just  before  the  ITev.^  Yep.r,      Some   of  the  plays  nvovosei.  by 
him  for  the   re-oertoire   this  season  are  -  Herod,   by  Alter  Katzizne;   Rags,   by 
H.   Leivick,   and  the  Merchant  of  Venice. 

The  work  of  the  Drcjr.atishe  Crezelshaft   is  too  well  loiown  in  the   Chicago 
Jewish  community  to  need  elaborate  exoloitation  here.     All  who  are  inter- 
ested  in  good  literary  and  artistic  production  in  Yiddish  will  be  glad  of 
the  op"oortunity  given  them  by  the  intensification  of  the  good  work  of  the 
Jewish  Art  Players  under  their  neyj  director. 



II  E  1 




Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Observer,  November  14,  1929, 



Immediately  upon  the  heels  of  the  Institute  players  guild  definite  success  gj 
with  Molnars  Liliom  comes  the  announcement  that  Bernard  Shaws* outstanding 
comedy  Arms  And  The  Man,  will  be  produced  December  1«  V/hen  the  guild  announced 
its  plans  during  the  opening  weeks  of  the  season,  there  was  much  comment  at 
the  ambitious  program  of  the  players  group* 

Never  had  any  organization  definitely  planned  a  new  production  every  month 
of  an  outstanding  play.   But  the  large  playing  organization  of  the  guild  with 
it  excellent  theatre  equipment,  places  it  in  a  position  whereby  big  things 
can  not  only  be  planned,  but  accompli shed« 

In  choosing  Arms'  And  The  !'/an,  the  Institute  Players  Guild  seizes  the  Irish- 
dramatist's  most  outstanding  comedy.  Thavian  to  the  final  line,  it  has  a 
plot  development  that  keeps  an  audience  in  continuous  laughter  throughout 
the  play. 


'.:l   ..  ^  -,  <t^ 


II  B  1  c  (l) 





Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Observer,  November  14,  1929* 

Arms  And  The  Marit  needs  little  introduction  to  followers  of  what  is  best  inthe, 
theatre  and  foremost  in  dramatic  Literature*  '^- 

It  presents  an  anti-romantic  satire  interlarded  with  dialogue  that  fairly 
scintillates  with  good  fun#  ViThen  done  in  London,  the  Illustrated  London  News 
said  of  it,  "There  is  more  thought,  more  wit,  more  accomplishment  inthis  play 
than  any  piece  before  the  Boards. ■  Again  referring  to  the  files  of  newspaper 
acclaim,  the  Athenaeum,  (famed  London  paper),  said,  "Shaws  comedy, after  being 
kept  out  of  sight  formany  years,  is  now  revealed  to  usas  a  classic." 


Arms  And  The  Man»  is  actually  chock  full  of  wit  and  good  humor.   The  story  of 
the  soldier  of  fortune  who  seekr  relief  from  capture  in  a  Bulgarian  lady  s 
bed  chamber  and  in  so  doing  upsets  a  sham- romantic  romance  is  as  modern  today 
as  it  ever  was.   In  fact,  the  piece  could  have  well  been  written  in  this  modern 
day.  The  Guild  Company  has  a  well  selected  cast  and  rehearsals  for  the  play 
are  progressing  rapidly. 

II  B  1  c  (1) 

III  ^3 

JS^'-^ISH  ^ 

Chica^?^<>  Ilebrew  Institute  Observer,  September  19,  1929. 

JUNIOR  SEPH^RDIC  league  flans  PSTTIVITIES  to  celebrate  FIRfT  ANNIVERS.-RY. 

TText  month  will  complete  one  year  of  existence  for  the  Junior  Sephardic  League 
which  was  so  successfully  organized  a  year  ago,  and  whose  program  since  that 
time  has  been  very  active  and  intense  one.  Under  the  capable  direction  of 
Miss  Brichke,  its  leader,  the  group  has  shown  itself  to  great  advantage  in 
8  series  of  dramatic  productions,  which  were  presented  from  time  to  time« 

As  a  culminating  effort  of  its  first  year  of  existence,  the  group  is  preparing 
a  play  known  as  "Hot  Air."  The  cast  has  already  been  selected  and  the  re- 
hearsals will  begin  this  coming  week.   The  work  is  a  comedy,  replete  with 
numerous  situations  that  tend  to  evoke  much  laughter  from  an  audience.  At 
Its  meeting  on  September  15,  the  group  initiated  several  new  members  in  a 
manner  that  was  both  novel  and  terrifying  in  its  aspect.  A  delightful  informal 
social  with  an  appropriate  entertainment  accompanied  the  initiation. 



,  \ 


-  i 



:;<,^t'l''..i>V. ^<-*..  '.■'■' .•■^n,.    ■■f"'      ■'•■     ._ 

II  B  1  c  (1)  JEWISH 




Observer  ^3 


Drama  Department  Planning  Important  Productions  ^^ 

Recognizing  the  fact  that  the  drama  is  one  of  the  most,  if  not  the  most, 
democratic  of  the  ?rts,  the  Institute  has  always  given  the  theatre  the  pre- 
sentation of  good  plays  and  the  development  of  latent  acting  talents  and  a 
prominent  place  in  its  program  of  activities.  But  in  its  marvelously  equip- 
ped new  home  on  -Douglass  Boulev^^rd  and  St.  Loiiis  Avenue,  the  Institute  is  go- 
ing to  do  something  more  than  just  this. 

The  theatre  in  this  new  "building  marks  a  dex)art\ire  in  non-commercial 
dramatic  enterprises.   Indeed  there  are  few  theatres,  even  in  the  commercial 
field  of  the  legitimate  drama,  that  are  a  match  for  it  so  far  as  stage  arrange- 
ments, acoustics,  seating  capacity,  comfort  end  atmosphere  conducive  to  the 
presentation  and  enjoyment  of  plays  are  concerned.  Ihis  co"i:?)led  with  the  addi- 
tional rehearsal  facilities,  the  zeal,  experience  and  ability  of  Kenneth  Croft, 
the  director  of  dramatics,  and  the  enthusiastic  actors  of  the  Players  Club,  as- 
sures the  community  of  many  seasons  of  rare  and  delectable  theatrical  entertain- 
ment . 

II  B  1  c  (1)       page  2.  JBfflSH 


©"b  server 



Moreover,  there  is  in  the  new  "building  a  poetically  picturesque  roof        ^\ 
garden  which  will  also  he  used  hy  the  dramatic  department  for  the  staging  of 
plays.  Two  plays,  one  a  serious  drama  and  the  other  a  li^t  comedy,  will  be 
produced  there  this  summer.  Rehearsals  on  these  pieces  have  been  in  progress 
for  some  time  now  and  the  casts  are  very  nearly  ready  for  public  presentation. 

The  cast  for  '^39  East"  by  Rachael  Crothers,  scheduled  as  the  opening  piece 
for  the  new  theatre  proper,  is  almost  complete — there  remain  but  four  parts  to 
fill.  Among  the  play?  being  considered  for  subsequent  production  are,  "The 
Truth  About  Blaydes"  by  A. A.  Milne,  "We  Moderns"  by  Israel  Zangwill,  and  a  num- 
ber of  extra-ordinary,  one  act  pieces  by  Conrad  Seller,  Pinski  and  others. 

Mr.  Croft  needs  a  few  more  persons,  particularly  men,  to  complete  his  act- 
ing staff.  This  means  an  exceptional  opportunity  for  progress  and  development 
for  young  people  who  have  set  their  minds  on  stage  careers. 

II  B  1  c   (1)       page  3.  JEWISH 





To  Present  Best  Yiddish  Plays 

Another,  and  equally  important  division  of  the  Institute's  activities 
in  the  field  of  the  drama  is  that  of  the  presentation  of  Yiddish  plays.  This 
is  under  charge  of  the  Yiddishe  Literarishe  \m  Dramatishe  Gesselshaft,  which 
organization  has  established  an  enviable  reputation  for  itself  among  the  Yid- 
dish speaking  element  of  the  city  by  virtue  of  its  excellent  production  of  first 
rate  plays, 

For  the  coming  season  this  Yiddish  speaking  group  is  securing  a  director 
from  New  York  and  scheduling  two  productions  a  week  in  the  theatre  of  the  new 
biiilding.  The  Yiddish  players  promise  t9  give  the  community  the  best  the  Jew- 
ish drama  has  to  offer. 

II  B  1  C   (1) 
IV   . 


The  Reform  Advocate,  Vol.  69  •  Wk*of  April4,1925APage  30% 

Yiddish  Art  Theatre  Society  will  give  a  midjiight  performance 
at  the  Central  Park  Theatre  on  April  11.  This  organization 
was  formed  for  the  purpose  of  establishing  in  Ghgo.  an 
Art  Theatre  in  Yiddish.  The  Society  has  the  support  of  many 
prominent  men  in  Crigo.,  ajaong  them  are;-  Judge  Hugo  Pam, 
Nathan  Kaplan,  and  Rabbi  Leon  Fram. 



>  ••-... 

II  B  1  c  (1)  .  JEWISH 


The  Reform  Advocate .  Wk.  of  Aug.  11,  I923,  Yol.  66,  p.3U, 


With  the  arrival  in  Chicago  of  the  noted  Jewish  writer  pud  dramatic  pro-    "^ 

ducer,  Mark  Schweid,  the  Jewish  Literary  and  Dramatic  Society  celebrates 
its  fifteenth  anniversary,  Mr.  Schweid  will  aid  the  organization  in  pro- 
ducing "The  Treasury,"  hy  David  Pinsky,  which  will  mark  the  beginning  of 
a  drive  for  a  fund  of  $150,000  to  establish  the  proposed  Chicago  Little 

II  3  1  C 




I  A  1  b 

II  D  10 


II  3  2  c 


Daily  Je-vish  Courier >  Lay  18,   1925. 


J,   Loebner 

Hebraists  and  all  those  vjho  are  interested  in  keeping  the  flarme  of  Judaism 
from  bein::  e::tincuished  in  our  younf.  c^neration  are  expected  to  come  to  Temple 
Judeah,  Independence  Boulevard,  Tuesday  eveninc.   'The  Larshall  Hebrev;  Club       ^. 
v/ill  loresent  a  Hebrev/  play  entitled  "Doctor  Ghirul:".  'J 

7.1iat  is  the  Marshall  Eehvevi   Club?  It  is  a  student  organization  of  the  liebrev;    J 
classes  in  John  i:arshall  High  School,  and  is  under  the  supervision  of  the  con-   ,^ 
potent  Hebrev;  teacher,  S.  Selicr.ian,  the  author  of  the  play.  Tl^e  Hebrev;  classes   ^ 
in  the  John  Llarshall  Hi^h  School  v/ere  inaugurated  at  the  request  of  Harry  I.:. 
Lipsky,  when  he  was  a  member  of  the  Board  of  Education.  Tlianlcs  to  Ij?*  Lip- 
sky,  such  classes  ?/ere  also  opened  in  the  Lledill  Hich  School. 

Our  r)urr>ose  in  vantinr  this  is  to  induce  you  to  attend  this  Hebrev;  performance* 

II  B  1   c  (1)                                                      -  2  -                                                                         JEV;iSK 


III  E  Daily  Jevrish  Courier,  Llay  18,   1923. 

I  A  1  b 

II  D  10  By  doiiit;  so   you  v;ill  not  only  encourage  the  boys  and  girls  to 

III  E  continue  their  study  of  Eebrev;,  vmich  v;ill  inspire  them  v/hen 
II  3  2  g  they  become  older  to  accomplish  sonethinc  for  Judaisii,  but  you 
^^  Y/ill  also  show  the  coirj  .unity  to  v/hat  extent  you  support  the  extra 
funds  v/ith  v/hich  the  Hebrev:  classes  are  taxed. 

1 1 


That  the  boys  and  f.irls  v;ho  attend  the  Hebrev;  classes  in  John  Larshall  Hi^h 
School  are  narchinc  on  the  road  to  Judaism  can  be  seen  by  the  generous  dona- 
tions that  they  are  nivinc  for  Jev/ish  national  undertakings  and  for  local  charity^_ 
They  have  contributed  ciuite  a  sijaii  to  the  Hejrev;  Hayesod  (exchequer  of  the 
'.'Jorld  Zionist  Cr^anization)  and  to  L'oes  Ghitin  (fund  to  provide  the  poor  v;ith 
food  on  Passover).   They  also  stand  on  r^ard  to  protect,  as  'veil  as  elevate, 
the  Jev/ish  rionor.   In  these  classes,  they  attend  lectures  on  Jev/ish  history 
and  religion .   Tliis  season's  lectures  v/ere  c^ven   by  Rabbi  Almond,  Rabbi  Fram, 
Rabbi  Cohen,  RaLbi  Ifeslzal  and  I'.v.   Lipsky. 

Samuel  Skolnik,  Harry  Herkik,  iuma  '..'olak,  Dorothy  Frankel,  Alvin  Berman,  Janet 

II  B  1  C  (1)  -  3  -  JE-.TSH 


III  E  Daily  Jev;ish  Courier >  Lay  18,   1923. 

I  A  1  b 

II  13  10  Goodman,   Ben  Brods  ::%    and  John  /ilbert  v.-ill  participate   in 

III  II  the  play.     Let  us  rive   -oheri  a  hearty  v;elcoi;ie  at  their  preiuiere, 

II  B  2  rr         Thus  7'e   shall  ■..•ronote  love  and  resr^ect  for  Judaisn  in  our  renera- 


*  V 

II  B  1  e   (1) 
II  B  1  d 

Dally  Jewish  Courier,  Jan.  12,  1922.  /fo^      o> 

OHE/ITSR  AND  ART  \^..      <b 


All  those  who  are  interested  in  literature,  and  who  would  like  to  see  plays 
of  literary  merit  presented  on  the  Jewish  stage,  will  be  very  glad  to  hear 
that  Sholom  Asoh*s  new  play,  **The  Dead  Man,**  is  going  to  be  presented. 

The  Literary  Dramatic  Society,  vftiich  intends  to  present  good  literary  plays, 
will  present  Sholom  A8ch*s  newest  drama,  **The  Dead  Uan**^  for  the  first  time 
in  America*  Performances  wi^.l  be  given  on  Monday,  Tuesday,  Wednesday  and 
Thursday  evenings,  January  23,  24,  25  and  26,  at  Glickman^s  Palace  Theater. 
Mr.  Abraham  Teitelbaum  will  direct  the  play,  as  well  as  act  in  it;  and  the 
irtxole  dramatic  society  vrill  participate.  The  scenery  will  be  especially  de- 
signed by  the  artist  Ostrousky,  and  special  music  will  be  composed  for  this 
occasion  by  a  member  of  the  musical  society,  Hazimrah,  Mr*  Cheriawsky*  All 
lovers  of  art  will  undoubtedly  wish  to  see  this  fine  literary  production  to 
be  presented  by  the  Literary  Dramatic  Society. 

II  B  1  c  (1) 


Daily  Jev/lsh  Courier,  Dec*  16,  1921  • 


There  has  been  organized  in  Chicago  a  Hebrew  dramatic  association  called 
•^abimo,'^  which  aims  to  present,  from  time  to  time,  literary  dramas  in 
Hebrew,  since  there  is  a  demand  for  them.  The  first  production  will  be 
given  at  the  end  of  January,  1922.   "GrO  And.   Relate,**  a  play  by  Sholom  Asch, 
will  be  presented^  Participating  in  the  play  will  be  S#  Sheinberg,  Isaak 
Spector,  Mrs.  Spector,  Rpiedman,  and  others.  The  Habimo  v/as  founded  on  the 
initiative  of  Dr.  Agrant,  Ben- Ami,  Shomer,  S.  Lewad,  and  others. 

II  Q  1  c   (1) 

Forvard,  February  4,   1921# 

Youth  Dramatic  Club. 


WPA  (ILL)  PRO.!.  30275 

Sunday  evening,  February  5th,   in  Hull  House  Theater 

will  be  presented. 

The  Stranger  by  Jacob  Gk>rdon 

II  B  1  c  (1) 


WPA  (ILL)  PRO..  30275 

Forward,  January  20,  1921. 

The  Literary  Dramatic  Society  is  studying  at  present,  Peretz  Hirshbein's 
'•Downhill''  -  a  drama  in  U  acts.  The  Society  intends  to  present  this  drama 
Sunday,  January  30th,  in  the  Princess  Theater. 

II  3  1  c    (1) 



Porvard.    Octolser  ?^,    I32O. 

YoTing  Men's  Dramatic  Club. 

All  the  royalists  who  ta^^e  part  in  the  intelli<irent  pipy  of  Feretz  IIirshl>ein  are 

cordially  invited  to  attend  the  rehearsal. 

Hull  House  Theater 
Ealsted  and  Polk  Sts. 

II  3  1  c  (1)  '-'""^"^ 

^m.  i\ll)  PROi.  30275 

Forv^ard,  Octcter  7,  1920. 
Sunday,  Octolier  2Uth,  192C.  A  Sig  Celetration. 

The  Yiddish  Literary  Drametic  Society  will  celetrpte  a  holiday  in  the  Princess 
Theater,  downtown,  iu  honor  of  the  opening  of  a  permanent  Literary  'Tlieater  in 

Chicago.  The  play  rill  he  the  well  known  drama,  Ya-nkele  Boyla. 

hy  L.  "ohrian. 

The  Socialist  orchestra  v;ill  plsy  incidental  music.  It  will  he  a  great  puhlic 

II  B  1  c    (1) 


?orr£Td,    Octoter  7,    I92O 

WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30275 

Church  Pells, 
"by,  Ahraham  Reizen. 

The   sta^e   settings  were  desired  hy  Jonah  Spiva>. 

The  music  v;ill  "be  furnished  under  the  direction  of  !.!r.   Z.    Shaffee. 


The  Jevash  Socialists  Singing  Society  will  participate^ 

«  X       ^ 

^    \-^ J 


Progressive  Dri'.matlc  Yo^it^ 

W?A  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

The  Pro£:ress*ve  T^r-inatlc  ^o-ith  v/ill 
hol:^-   a  -^leetir^  this   evenin.;  1^.  the 

T.or.:ers  I^"3tit-:j.te. 

II  B  1  c  (1) 


V- P,'  /;M 

Forward .  Feb.  7,  1919.  '  ''''  '■'■^■>  ^^:.!  ■in?-. 


V/anted  -  -  -  Jewish  talented  men  and  v/omen  to  join  our  club.  Our  work 
is  Literary/-  folk  theater.  V/e  teach  Reading,  Reciting  and  Elocution.  Come 
to  our  Literary  meeting,  Friday  night,  the  7th  of  February,  1919,  in 
Douglas  Park  Auditorium,  3202  Ogden  Ave. 

II  B  1  c   (1) 

II  3  1  a 

III  B  2 
I  B  4 

I  G 


Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  Apr.   28,   1915 



To  see  1000  or  1200  persons  on  a  Thursday  afternoon  in  a  packed  theatre, 
and  all  Jev/s  who  had  cone  to  see  a  dramatic  portrayal  of  Hatilcvah  (Jewish 
national  anther: ) ,  is,  of  itself,  surprisin.^.  But  a  mu'ch  ,r^reater  surprise 
is  the  production  itself,  particularly  since  it  comes  to  us  quite  unex- 
pectedly, and  fron  a  class  from  mora  ;ve  v;ould  least  expect  such  a  pro- 

Usually,  it  is  assuiaed  t  .at  the  South  Side  Jev;s  of  the  well-to-do  class, 
particularly  the  Gerrian  Jews,  are  as  far  removed  from  concern  about  Zion 
and  the  hope  of  a  I.'essiah,  as  East  is  from  ./est.  From  outward  appearances, 
this  v/ould  seem  to  be  the  case.  That  which  is  usually  heard  from  the 
pulpits  in  the  Temples  will  not  satisfy  the  listener's  desire  for  the 
ancient  Jewish  ideal,  for  a  homeland  in  Palestine. 

-  2   -  Jii]V;i3H 

II  3  1  c    (1)  

II  3  1  a 

III  B  2  Daily  Jevjjsh  Courier,  Apr.  28,  1916. 
13  4 

III  A   For  this  reason  the  perforr.aance  of  the   one-act  play,  **Hatilcvah,** 
III  H   yesterday  at  the  Chicago  Art  Institute,  nust  have  been  a  tremendous 
I  C     surprise  to  the  large  audience,  chiefly  composed  of  /imerican- 

Greman  Jews,  both  men  and  wonen.  This  v/as  more  of  a  religious 
service  t:ian  a  theatrical  performance,  although  Greek  art  in  the  form  of 
dancing  was  commingled  with  the  deep  Jewish  content  of  the  masterpiece. 
Even  the  Jewish  songs,  "Palaces  of  Stone"  and  "On  The  Forepart  of  an  Oven 
Burns  A  Fire"  v/hich  were  sung  in  a  somev/hat  Crormanic  style,  evoked  deep 
feeling  and  typically  Jev;ish  sentiment. 

The  symbolism  of  t:ie  entire  play — the  young  daughter,  "Zion,"  who  is  blind, 
regains  sight  when  "Hatikvah"  appears,  the  sanctity  of  the  Sabbath  which 
is  observed  without  bread  and  wine,  and  the  vision  of  the  young  daughter, 
"Zion,"  of  a  land  and  a  home  in  the  future — must  have  spoken  forcefully 
to  the  hearts  of  the  assembled  Jevjs,  even  v/hen  tae  hope  in  their  hearts 
has  been  long  obscured.  I:any  eyes  v;ere  wet,  and  v/hen  the  climax  was 
reached,  an  atmosphere  of  sanctity  pervaded  the  audience  v;hich  kept  them 
from  applauding.  Later,  applause  broice  out  \-jheii   the  pla^.Ti^'^ht ,  LIrs. 
Jacob  Abbet  was  ^resented  to  the  audience. 

II  3  1  c  (1)  -  3  -  Jj^LSH 

II  B  1  a 

III  3  2  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Apr.  28,  1915. 
I  B  4 

III  A   There  is  no  doubt  but  that  this  perrornance,  and  the  many  others 
III  H   that  v/ill  surely  Tollow,  v/ill  increase  the  inenbership  of  the_ 
I  0     Palestine  ".Welfare  Oonmittee  who  arranged  t:iis  pro^r^ra:.!.  It  /the 
pla^also  suits  the  Jev/ish  consciousness,  and  the  love  for  Zion, 
even  in  those  quarters  where  these  sentiments  have  long  been  weakened. 
In  this  manner  it  will  deliver  a  pertinent  sennon  which  is  not  heard 
from  the  oulr)its  in  the  temoles. 

II  B  1  c  (1) 


Chica^  Hebrew  Institute  Ot server,  December,  19l6* 

The  Players  Clul)»  by  Lester  Alden* 

The  Players  Club  was  organized  October  1,  1910,  with  the  purpose  in  view 
of  instituting  a  dramatic  department  in  connection  with  the  activities  of 
the  Chicago  Hebrew  Institute,  conducted  under  the  direction  of  a  profes- 
sional and  experienced  director^ 

The  new  season  (the  seventh)  opened  September  6,  with  a  most  encouraging 
enrollment  of  students*  These  young  people  are  so  imbued  with  the  spirit 
of  enthusiasm  and  love  for  the  study  of  drama,  that  their  interest  becomes 
identical  with  that  of  the  head  of  the  department,  whose  aim  is  to  establish 
a  standard  in  this  brand  of  art  tmequalled  at  axsy  institution  of  the  nature 
of  the  Chicago  Hebrew.  Institute*  Its  results  speak  for  themselves  when, 
on  the  second  Sunday  of  every  month  (excepting  Summer) ,  performances  are 
given  on  the  stage  of  the  Institute,  which,  for  coxspleteness  of  detail  in 
diction,  enunciation,  expression  and  acting  are  excelled  only  on  the  profes- 
sional stage* 


-                   ■               ' 


II  B  1  c  (1) 


II  B  1  c  (3) 

I  & 


Chica^  Hebrew  Institute  Observer,  December,  1915». 

C!hildren»s  Biblical  Plays, 

A  panorama  of  historical  chare^cter  and  events,  commemorated  and  hallowed  by 
ages  of  uninterrupted  observance,  is  conjured  up  on  our  common-place  stage  by 
the  young  actors  of  the  Jewish  Festival  Club  through  the  presentation  of  Bib- 
lical plays  at  seasonable  times.  An  illusion  of  ancient  Egypt,  Persia,  Babyl- 
on, of  the  far-famed  vineyards  and  stately  palms  of  Judea,  of  the  Patriarch's 
humble  tent  and  the  splendor  of  an  oriental  court,  of  times  when  both  divine  . 
prophecy  and  artistic  culture  formed  the  attributes  of  our  people,  is  carried 
across  the  footlights,  communicating  a  sense  of  beauty  and  pleasure  to  the 
impressionable  minds  of  thousands  of  Jewish  children  who  attend  these  perform- 

Unfortunately,  there  has  been  little  or  no  systematic  development  along  the 
lines  of  specifically  Jewish  juvenile  entertainment.  The  supply  of  Biblical 
plays  and  authentic  entertaining  material  is  limited,  and  after  a  few 




Page  2 

II  B  1  c  (1) 

II  ^  1  c  6) 


Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Observer,  December,  1915«  ^ 

successive  presentations  the  stock  is  exhaust ed»  It  is  because  of  this  fact 
that  function  of  such  a  club  becomes  a  vsiluable  asset  of  Jewish  education, 
4?he  members,  though  largely  composed  of  children,  are  enabled  through  the  re- 
sources of  Biblical  lessons  and  general  studies  to  contribute  many  useful  and 
beautiful  ideas  which  are  frequently  incorporated  in  our  plays  with  good  advan- 

The  following  outline  will  illustrate  the  general  progress  of  a  play*  About  a 
month  prior  to  the  production,  a  survey  is  made  of  all  historical,  traditional 
and  customary  observances  relating  to  the  particular  festival*  All  the  dramatic 
material  on  hand  is  read  and  discussed;  from  which  the  best  is  selected,  and  what 
is  lacking,  is  supplied  by  home  talent  during  rehearsals*   Great  care,  however, 
is  taken  not  to  overtax  the  capacity  of  the  youthful  mind  with  cumbersome  de- 
tail, relying  more  upon  the  natural  dramatic  instinct  of  the  child,  especially 
the  Jewish  child,  to  whose  highly  developed  intellectual  and  emotional  perception 

Page  3 

II  B  1  c  (1) 
II  B  1  c  (3) 
I  G 







Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Observer,  December,  1915*       "^ 

the  Biblical  narrative  combining  the  allegory  of  wonderland  with  historical 
truths,  is  especially  adopted.  The  Sabbath  school  girl  versed  In  her  history 
finds  no  difficulty  in  portraying  a  Hannah,  and  in  the  same  way  does  the  boy 
fresh  from  the  Hebrew  school  identify  himself  easily  with  the  character  of 
either  Abraham  or  Isiah,  with  whose  words  and  deeds  familiar.  Of  late 
the  character  of  our  plays  have  tindergone  a  decided  change*  Coinciding  with 
the  Peace  Program,  adopted  by  all  the  children's  classes  of  the  Institute, 
the  children  of  the  Festival  Club  have  eliminated  every  play  on  which  the 
heroism  of  war  is  eulogized.  In  dramatizing  the  Maccabean  victory,  it  is  the 
spirit  of  devotion  and  self  sacrifice  that  forms  the  theme  of  the  play  rather 
than  the  display  of  martial  valor,  and  whenever  it  is  possible  to  do  so, 
instead  of  the  customary  battle  scenes  and  battle  hymns,  the  gentle  message 
of  the  dove  of  Peace  has  been  substituted.  It  may  be  added,  in  conclusion, 
that  the  methods  adopted  by  this  unique  branch  of  Jewish  educational  train- 
ing have  proved  highly  effective. 

Page  k 

II  B  1  c 
II  B  1  c 

I  a 






Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Observer,  December,  1915* 

The  club,  which  is  now  coinpleting  its  second  year,  has  a  record  of  celebra- 
ting every  national  holiday,  besides  special  performances  and  individual 
readings  and  recitations^  The  membership  is  unusually  large,  attendance  is 
regular,  and  the  audiences  that  nearly  always  fill  the  hall  to  its  capacity 
have  been  appreciative  and  enthusiastic,  justifying  a  continued  and  greater 
effort  in  the  future. 



I,  '  f 

,  •/ 

II  3  1  c    (1)  JEWISH 


Chicago  Eel^rew  Institute   Olpgerver^   Kovemlier,   1912.  -^ 


Dramatic  Class. 

The  dramatic  class  of  the  Pla^^ers  Cluh  of  the   Chicago  Hehrew  Institute  was 
conducted  on  the   same  hasis  as  it  v/as  last  year,  naiaely,  under  the  direct  '. 
auspices  of  the   club.      Seven  plays  were  presented  in  the  course  of  the 
season,  which  were  ver^''  \vell  attended.     Recently  a  children's  department 
was   started.      It   is  too  early,   however,    to  forecast  an;^''  results  for  this 
new  activity  if  properly  conducted,   however,    there   seems  to  he  a  good  field 
for  work  of  this  sort,     V/e  regret  to  report  that   the   relationship  of  the 
cluh  to  the  Institute  has  as  yet,   despite  our  efforts,  not  "been  as  clearly 
defined  as  we  would  wish  to  it. 



A  ■ 

II  B  1  c   (1)  JEWISH       y..^ 

O'b server,   Noven'ber,    1912,  i^^ 

Chicago  HelDrew  Institute.  -^ 

Mr,   Nathai'i  Goldstein,   who  hr-s  yiP..L  Tinuff»aal   success  with  the  Young  Pla;^'^er's 
Glu"b,   has  organized  "Tlie  Richard  Mansfield  Jiiniors,"  who  devote  themselves 
to  dramatics  and  social  activity.      Thev  already-"  have  a  memhership  of  20  toys 
and  girls,   from  the  ages  of  13   to  I5. 

Nearly  all  the  raemhers  live  from  5  to  10  miles  from  the  Institute  and  their 
willingness   to  m.ake   the  trip  attests  to  the  usefulness  of  the  work  accom- 

It   is  expected  that  within  a  few  weeks  "A  Scholar's  Convention,"  "by  Julia 
H,   lla^i^,   v/ill  ho  preisented. 




II  B  1  c  (1) 
II  D  6 


^VPA  OIL)  Puoj,  3G2^^ 

Courier.  November  10,  1911. 

Chicago  Cook  Pot. 

The  Literary-Dramatic  Club  came  to  life  again,  and  became  very  active  once 

The  Hebrew  Institute  is  giving  a  play,  the  ■Eternal  Song"  and  also  other 
National  Jewish  songs  composed  by  Mr,  S.  Bubenstein  and  Miss  Tania  Mesiraw. 
With  these  productions,  the  Dramatic  Club  is  again  trying  out  their  intelli- 
gentsia and  are  most  hopeful  that  it  will  be  a  success. 

This  production  is  scheduled  for  Sunday  Evening,  Nov.  19th. 

II  B  1  c  (1) 

II  D  5 


The  Reform  Advocate.  Vol.  3S,  Wk.  of  Nov,  27,  IJOg.  pp.590-591. 

A  movement  has  "been  sterted  to  establish  a  theater  in  the   Chicago  He'brev; 
Institute,      The  organizers  have  handed  themselves  to^^^ether  into  a  cluh 
called  the   Chica<^o  Hehrew  Institute  Players.     Works  hy  the  foremost  dra- 
matists of  the  world  will  he  presented.      The  cluh  already  numhers  90  mem- 
hers  who  are  lending  themselves  most   zealously  to  this  project  of  estahlish- 
ing  a  theater.      The  first  play  to  he  pre'^ented  this   season  will  he  Ihsenfe 
"Dollys  House."     The  dra^a^tic  instructor  of  the  cluh  is  Ralph  Raphael  and 
the  president,  Bertha  Loeh,      The  committee  on  organization  and  drama, 
include  Mrs.    Herhert  Morris,   Mrs.    Joseph  Fish,   Dr.    David  Blaustein,   Max 
Klee  and  Milton  Hart. 

..   % 




II  B  1  c  (1)  JEWISH 

Messenger,  November  1,  I309. 

Chicago  Hebrev^  Institute.  '^4 

A  People's  Stage  Needed. 

Experience  has  demonstrated  conclusively  that  the  people  see?c  spontaneously,  * 
to  express  themselves,  their  ideals  and  aspirations  in  dramatic  form.  The 
Institute  encourages  all  such  expression  and  hopes  to  establish  a  dramatic 
center  where  the  stuc3y  and  production  of  the  best  in  the  drama  will  be  en- 

A  dramatic  club  with  dramatic  study  classes  has  been  formed  and  e.n   effort  is 
to  be  made  to  gfther  around  this  a  clientele  of  sincere  lovers  of  the  best  in 
dramatic  art.  The  stage  needs  elevating  and  this  organization  will,  in  time, 
sprecd.  the  leaven  that  will  affect  the  entire  community  and  make  it  worth- 
while for  actors  and  managers  to  present  the  best  things  possible  for  this  en- 
lightened body  of  patrons  of  the  theater.   Opera  as  v/ell  as  drama  will  find  a 
place  on  the  people's  stage.   The  production  of  good  music  and  classic  opera, 

Page  2 

II  E  1  c   (1) 


Messenger,   Novemlier  1,    I509 

at   such  rates  as  will  attract  people  of  moderate  means  and  at  the   same  time, 
furnish  an  opportunity  for  those  interested  in  music  to   study  and  produce 
music,   V7ill  he  the  work  of  a  division  of  the  Players  Cluh,   which  vdll  devote 
itself  exclusively  to  the  ohject  of  providing  a  musical  education  for  the 
people,   hy  the  people  themselves. 

n  B  1  0  (1) 

III  6  3  b 


"  .*■■       * 




r--v"  "-:■     .  •    '<'■!'■■■-■      •'  ■     '     "■ 

■ '-       ■■'-  V  I 

f-WPA  (ILL)  pftoj. 30275 

The  Couriart  Deoeraber  9,   1907« 

T.^!-*  ■'  .1 1: 

r^^?^::S';^«•'  •  ^>  -  -  \         THE  ORPHANS'  CONCERT. 

,<^^—  --L-- 

V-   r"- 

-,<"■'-  .'' 


/ "« "  *i- 


■^♦;-  ■ .'  ••' 

Orar  infO  thousand  men  and  women  appeared  in  a  mass  meeting  at  the  Harks  v   ^^| 
Nathan  Orphans  Home  to  see  a  Ctoanukah  play  produced  by  the  orphans  of  the 

home •  ^^:<^:0-:f '■-'":'-■>'•• '■•''■  ■-''■.    .:.      .  ^-  r- ■ :   ..^'.;-.^^--  -  _^_^.  .•■•-.  _-,,    :■-' .^"■^^:';^ 

The  play  was  very  artistically  performed  for  it  seemed  that  the  children  5 M| 
were  very  much  talented  in  the  art  of  drama*  Although  the  place  was  rather-- 
small t  and  crowded  to  capacity t  the  behavior  of  the  audience  was  very  orderly 
for  the  play  ha.d  such  an  effect  on  the  crowd  that  they  were  only  too  eager  ^; : 

•  if'.  ■  •.'  ■  -i-  - 

f  vf    The  Chanukah  drama  was  played  in  four  acts  and  dealt  with  the  time  of  Judas 
Maccabeeac*     Abe  DamoUf  who  performed  the  role  of  the  Jewish  hero,  was  re- 


'^■'^^•^'■'^-'-^x^iYedi  with  stormy  applauset  and  when  little  Lena  Cohen  played  the  role  of  -  }^ 
the  sad  unfortunate  mother  of  seven  sons^  the  audience  could  not  hold  back  v^^ 


their  tear8# 

f  .     ■   .•■■•     -■-..  ■■    .-  ."--'"   ■^v'.:«:  .r--f:-:--'-^K:^y 


:;.«■- 'i^ 

l::v.  ::;^' 

:^v.?^■:^-^^^;>iv-'^v^.■.'^-'-P^^   ■ "'.-  ,,  .i^^-  ..•■    :■,•.••  \'''   ,■  -•  .,  ■•  •'  .,.^-  ••  :' ^  ■,  '  '-,.■'":  •■•  ;■■.^v-■^.:2.^'^^- 

2^:"5'-v-:r  -•   ^T--".  '  .>  ■■-   •-  /,:       ...   •  -;-^:- 

-(  '1.--.  .:     -  ■  •..  V  '.-:■'.  ,   -     ,-...  -y-..'->:   ---'   --  »    -'^    ■- 

.«;    ■':* 

II  B  1  0   (1)  ,   -      -2-  EJVinSH 

r--,    -   iiiB3b     '  ,   :_  *^<^^U pro;. 30275 

i  ^M^^^^^^  1907»  '  "^ 

'•■■.'■  V  -A  V       •*"■.■■.■«<.'■■'■*    "        '       ■  -  -  •  •  V  .  • 

i,M^^^^.:/i;K''>::  The  Harris  ohildren  who  pleisred  the  roles  of  Aritiuch  and  Apolonius,  portrayed 

the  ingratitude  of  these  two  oharaoters  in  a  most  talented  manner*  Ethel 

^,^.^^X^J^'  Brawn  who  played  the  role  of  Iburiant  the  bride  of  the  Jewish  herOf  was  also 
?     greeted  with  applause* 

;'-v\..-t.;  ■'  •  -■  .;.   _  \,.,  ..._,.        .  .  •-  _"-.   .   -  ■■  I    .        _    ■.■■,,;      •  ■■'>  ■    ■   -  .'^■ 

i^-.r-   ■-■■••i 

The  Jews  of  Chicago  never  before  witnessed  suoh  great  talent  among  such  young 
ohildren  as  they  found  in  this  holy  institution!  the  Marks  Nathan  Orphans 
Home*  -:-x^^h-:  -.  ^.^.  .-^.w_  ^_  _  ^  ^^^.      ,  :.^.  -,.  _-...^ 

,  -i-V    ■  .   <'       •  '    .  -  ■. 

'*;  ■  ■  >'■•  -^  ■'•  ■'  ■■•    .  .  ■  -/  V  ?>i  )».'' 

^:-  .  .■■■:^  ■  .r  ,   (x".  ■  ■■'■       ;     * 

■  ■  *-■ 

'  :  \  ■  ••  :  rir-. 


*  J^f^tr         •   ■r  . 




•  r 

.■■".  '.■  > 



4  . 


-fJ*  ^.  i^  J  •*.■! ' 

Jewish   ' 

II  B  1  c'  (1) 

I  S 


The  Reform  Advocate.  Yol*21,  p.»305,  Pebroary- August,  I5OI.  ' 

About  September  1359  there  was  in  existence  a  Jewish  organisation, 
known  as^  the  Excelsior  Club,  which  was  noted  for  its  theatrical  performance   "^ 
and  mijLsical  entertainments.  Mr*  E.  Salomon  headed  this  club,  which  consisted  "" 

of  about  seventy-five  members.  ^ 


II  B  1  c  (1) 

III  B  2 


The  Reform  Advocate,  Wk.  of  July  29,  1S99.  p,670. 

The  Yiddish  play,  '^At  the  Wailing  Wall,"  which  is  intended  to  place  "before  the 
Jews  the  necessity  of  the  Zionist  movement,  was  given  its  first  production 
at  Metropolitan  Hall,  Jefferson  and  O'Brien  streets,  last  Friday  night.  Leon 
Zolattkoff  is  the  author  of  the  play.  "At  the  Wailing  Wall,"  deals  with  the 
persecution  of  Bussiai  Jews. 


II  B  1  c  (1) 
II  D  3 


The  Reform  Advocate,  Wk.  of  April  11,  1896.  p. 186. 

-  .^ 

The  Chicago  Dramatic  Club,  coir^josed  of  Jewish  young  gentlemen  and  la- 
dies, will  present  three  one-act  comedies,  at  the  Oakland  Music  Hall,  The  en- 
tertainment is  given  for  the  benefit  of  the  Michael  Seese  Hospital. 


B.  Avocational  and  Intellectual 
1.  Aesthetic 
c.  Theatrical 

(3)  Festivals,  Pageants, 

Fairs  and  Expositions 


b     -  ^■, 



V. '»?» 

.;  }^'^- 




■>«  J. 

V  '*. 

^  :,.:>■- 





? .  .^-^itbi.':     j^^'.x.jHj    ^r.r.**?\ 

w  J -^,, 



■?;;•  4  ■.. 

\  1    ■ ,. . . 



II  B  1  c   (5)  33Va3H 

III  H    "  '  Abenclppst,   July  30,   19,54, 

jE/iTJii  ijiiymvii  SHC  J  GrWJi^  apf:^07:.\l  t^y  fifty  tucus^vld  3f:2C'l.iohs 

"2pic  of  a  Nation"  Staged  Impressively 

About  fifty  thouisand  attended  the  ci*^£^t  Jev/ish  festive  show  "Spic  of  a  Nation*' 
at  Soldiers'  Field  yest'^rdaj'',  with  which  the  Jewish  Da^'-  reached  its  highest 
point  at  the  ^ferld's  Fair.  Four  thousand  years  of  the  hiP>tory  of  the  Jevjish    ^ 
people  v^re  syiuboli7.ed  in  the  show  in  a  realistic  ranner*   It  found  an  enthu-   5 
siastic  reception  on  the  part  of  the  spectators.  ^^ 


The  individual  episodes  v/ere  carefully  selected  and  arranged  in  accordance 

with  historic  facts.     It  resiilted  in  portrayals  which  must  have  made  an  over-        g 

pov/ering  impression  upon  non-Jei73# 


It  is  knov/n  that  the  Jewish  people  have  behind  them  a  history  of  tribulations    S 
and  assaults  inflicted  upon  then.  Indeed,  as  indicated  more  than  once,  they 
are  not  fully  spared  from  such  trials  even  today.  These  various  persecvitions 
v/ere  vividly  nortrayed  in  scenes  ^j^iich  took  us  back  to  the  times  of  the 

II  B  1  C    (3^)  -  2  -  JEVJISH 


Abendpost.   July  30,  1934. 

Spanish  Inquisition  in  v/liich  Torquenada   ^j:ave  the  Jev;s  the  alternative  of 
either  becoming';  convertod  to  Christi'inity  or  bein^;  subjected  to  unspeakable 
tortui-'os  in  the  torture  clianberso 

In  this  connection  the  choir  intoned  "Ei  Liiley  Hakhaniin/'  the  hymn  so  ivell 
knownto  every  Jev;,  and  which  \7as  made  all  the  more  inpressive  by  the  choir*  s 
bein£:  placed  in  deepoot  darkness  r/hile  the  altar,  around  which  the  singers 
were  .grouped,   gleaned  in  a  bri{;^:ht  {^ov;  of  fire. 

A  later  picture,  based  upon  the  predictions  of  the  prophets  who  promised  the        *-g 
Jev/ish  people  salvation  and  eternal  peace,  made  an  effective  impression  in 
a  triumphant  proces3ion  of  torches,   symbolizing  the  eventual  triumph  of  the 
persecuted  people.     Still  later,   the  festive     show  used  Palestine  as  its 
back-^rDund  where  the  Jev/ish  people  hiid  built  homes  and  where  they  rnic^ht  be 
undisturbed  in  their  peaceful  modes  of  livinco 

The  fin'-tle  was  staged  to  pay  homage  to   the  land  of  the  Stars  and  Stripes  in 
Y;hich  the  Jewish  people  can  enjoy  full  freedom,  with  equal  rights  guaranteed 


II  B  1  c  (5)  -  3  -  jg:/r3H 


Abendpo3t,   July  30,  1934. 


The  sincing  or  the  national  anthem,  "The  Star-Spangled  Banner,"  brought  the 
imposing  festival  to  an  end. 

The  sliov/  v/as  preceded  by  spe-jches  by  Congressman  3am[iiel  Dickstein,  and  by 
the  v/ell-knovm  Zionist,  Alexander  Kahn,  both  of  whom  v;ere  from  New  York« 
Dickstein  pointed  out  t;.at  the  next  Congress  will  take  issue  with  the  Nazi 
propaganda  and  other  un-American  activities  which  have  recently  become 
noticeable  in  this  count r^^.  Kahn  directed  his  attack  particularly  against 
Hitler  and  the  persecution  of  Jews  in  Nazi  Gemnany,  condemning  both  xvith 
the  sharpest  of  phrases.  Hitler's  name  was  mentioned  repeatedly  by  other 
speakers,  too;  but  the  audience  took  these  remarks  without  any  demonstrations, 
xvhich  v;ould  have  created  an  unpler^sant  situation. 

II  B  1  c  (^)  amnsH       ^ 

III  B  3  b  '^ 

Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle <  October  13 f  1933*  ^^ 





A  Chanukah  Celebration  will  be  given  Wednesday  evening,  December  13 f 
at  the  Civic  Oi^ra  House,  Uax  Shulman,  president  of  the  Zionist  Organi- 
zation of  Chicago  annoiinced* 

•Our  Chanukah  Festival,"  Mr.   Shulman  stated,  "will  be  as  notable  in  its 
way  as  the  great  Stadium  pageant  we  g  ve  last  Chanukah*  An  original 
dramatic  and  musicsil  program  presented  by  artists  of  the  first  rank, 
will  comprise  our  offering*  The  event  has  become  tradition  in  the 
Chicago  Jewish  community,  and  this  year's  observance  will  uphold  the 
standard  of  last  year's  Stadium  affair,  which  won  the  attention  of  the 
exrtire  country •* 

II  B  1  c  (^)  -  2  -  JE-^SH 

in  B  3  b 


Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle,  October  13,  1933 • 

Rabbi  A.   £•  Abramowitz  made  a  plea  for  translation  of  the  widespread 
Zionist  sentiment  into  memberships,  as  a  large  enrollment  is  necessary 
for  the  maintenance  of  influence  in  the  councils  of  the  nation* 



II  B   1   c  (3)  .  JET/ISH  2- 

II  D   1 

ChicaA^o  Jevdsh  Chronicle,  July,   14»   1933. 


H*  L«  M* 

'vVhat  happened  to  the   original   scenario  which  xras  v^ritten  by  Rabbi 
Goldman?     '.Vho  had  the  "Chutzpah"    to   trim  it  and  cripple   it  so  un- 
mercifully?    lioses  and  the  Ten  Commandments,  v/hich  lends  itself  most 
admirably  to  striking  presentation  and  which  v/as  on  all  ads  and  bill 
posters,  vfus   spurlus  verzenkt»     But  above  all,  what  happened  to  that 
glowing  period  of  American  Jewish  life  where  millions  of  our  people  have 
had  greater  opportunities  for  life,   liberty  and  the  pursuit  of 
happiness  than  anyv;here   on  earth? 


II  B   1   c  (3)  -  2  -  JKnSE 

II  D   1 

Chlca;:o  Jevash  Chronicle ♦  July  14$   1933* 

'.Thy  was  that  not  shovm?     V/hat  a  beautiful  and  inspiring  si^ctacle   the 
Sttitue   of  Liberty  would  have  made  at  the   close   of  the  performance  in- 
stead of  a  group  of  Sunday  School  kids  running     into  the   stage,  helter 
skelter,  which  was  confusing  and  meaningless.     Disappoihtment  on  that 
score   seems   to  be   growing  from  day  to  day.     Those  who  v/orked   so  zeal- 
ously and  so  devotedly  for  the   success  of   ''Jev/ish  Day"   and  the   people 
who  have   so  cheerfully  forked  over  their  ducats  are  entitled  to  an 
explanation  because   they  v;ere   sadly  disap^^ointed.     V/ill   the   story  of 
what  transpired  behind  the   scenes  ever  be  told?     Y/e   doubt  it.     As 
inspiring  as  the  audience  was,   so  disappointing  v/as  the   performance. 
True,   since  it  v^as  the  first  attempt  on  such  a  gigantic   scale,  many 
of  its  shortcomings  may  be   overlooked. 




II  B   ;   c  (^)  .  3  -  JEWISH 

II  D   1 

Cliicano  Jev/lsh  Chrcnicle>  July  l4t   1933« 

If  the  "machers"   v/ould  not  have  taken  things  upon  themselvest   but  would 
have   called  into  consultation  others  v/ho  h'  x'-e  had  some  experience  in 
such  affairs,   the   result  would  have  been  Buch  more  gratifying* 

The  various  organizations  which  participated  in  "Jev/ish  Day  reaped  a 
harvest*     It  is  reported  that  over  $100,000  was  the  amount  profited 
by  then,  v/hich  v/ill  enable  most  of  these   institutions  to  liquidate   their 
indebtedness  and  continue  their  respective  activities  undisturbed  and 
unhampered  by  unpaid  bills*     To  most  of  them  "Jewish  Day"    proved  a 
"red  letter  day*"      Those  v/ho  had  sufficient  vision  to  take  advantage 
of  this  splendid  opportunity  v/ork^d  hard  and  are  now  rejoicing  in  the 
fruit  of  their  efforts* 



II  B  1  c  (^)  JEV/ISH   ^ 


Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle»  July  7>  1933 

We  wonder  what  Mayer  7/eisgal  has  up  his  sleeve 


'^  ^ 


We  cannot  imagine  him  retiring  after  such  a  tremendous  job  and  such  a 
successful  climax.  There  must  be  something  that  he  has  in  store  for  the 
local  Jewish  community  and  it  must  be  immense  in  its  proportions.  Meyer 
Weisgal  never  could  think  or  do  small  things.  We  hope  sincerely  that  some 
new  venture  will  offer  itself  for  his  talent,  if  he  has  not  something  in 
mind  now,  ajid  that  the  Jewish  community  will  back  him  to  the  limit.  Chi- 
cago should  indeed  be  proud  to  have  a  man  of  iVeisgal's  ability  in  its  midst.... 
and  should  give  him  every  cooperation  in  his  desire  to  do  great  things 
for  the  community. 

'  K 


by  -^ 




II  B  1  c  (3)  -2-  JKHSH   ? 

IV  c: 

Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle,  July  7f  1933« 


It  may  be  truthfully  said  that  Meyer  "^/eisgal   put  the  Jevdsh  community  in 

Chicago  on  the  map  during  his  short  stay  here Firsts   the  Chanukah  -^ 

Festival  and  nov/  the  Jewish  Day*      These   should  not  go  unrecognized  and  un- 

The   second  performance   of  "A  Romance   of  a  People"   was  much  smoother  and  more 
symphonic  than  the  first  one*     The   result  v/as  that  the   ones  v/ho  found  it 
rather  difficult  to  be  properly  impressed  Monday  night,  v/ent  home  more  than 
satisfied  '^'ednesday  night* 

One   of  the  most  beautiful   reactions  v/e  have   ever  witnessed  was  the   one  when 
most  of  the   performers   participating  in  the   pageant  refused   to  don  their 
costumes  until   they  were  assured  that  Isaac  Van  Grove  v/ould  be  there  to 
direct  them*     There  v/as   a   rumor  that  he  had  gone   to  Cincinnati   to  direct  a 
symphony  there.     But  v/hen      le  appeared  they  surrounded  hiir.  and  lifted  him 
and  carried  him  about* 

II  B  1  c  (3)  -  3  -  jg-isH   r; 

IV  ^ 

Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle^  July  7f  1933*  -^ 

The  same  thing  occurred  after  the  performance  and  it  was  a  sight  never  to 
be  forgotten*  How  this  man  with  his  brilliant  personality  has  endeared 
himself  to  that  multitude  of  youn^  men  and  women  and  even  the  small  child- 
ren Y/hom  he  directed  and  worked  with  for  weeks  in  pre  pa  r:^  t  ion  for  the 

A  Job  well  done.  Van  Grove  has,  after  so  man  years  of  wandering  about,  fin- 
ally found  hir.iself  and  it  was  among  his  ovm»  You  should  have  seen  him  jump 
about  like  a  young  kid,  singing  and  dancing  the  "Hora"  with  the  young  Zionists 
after  the  performance # 

One  of  the  most  impressive  scenes  at  the  pageant  v;as  the  presence  of  several 
hundred  orthodox  rubbis  who  came  to  the  pageant  from  all  p^rts  of  the  country 
and  Canada  as  the  guests  of  Rabbi  Ilirsch  Manischewitz  of  Manischewitz  Bros# 
It  was  a  sight  that  did  the  heart  good*  Here  were  assembled  some  of  the  out- 
standing teachers  and  leaders  of  I srael«» ••.  .Patriarchs  and  young  men 
alike  who  journeyed  to  this  city  to  be  present  and  participate  in  the  greatest 
Jev/ish  Day  in  the  history  of  the  Diaspora* 


II  B   1   c  (3)  -t-  JET'ISH 


The  Chicago  Jev/ish  Chronicle,  July  ?#   1933m 

The  Manischev/itz  Found-^tion  has  in  the   past  done  many  outstanding  and  noble 
deeds*     But  the   gathering  of  the  rabbis  for  which  they  v/ere   responsible  was 
probably  one   of  the  most  altrusitic  and  beneficent  contributions  ever  made* 
A  lot  of  credit  is   due   to  the  ingenuity  and  the   resourcefulness  of  both 
Ben  Sachs  and  L'ike   "Manischev/itz"   Bluestone,  who  have  been  v/orkin^  like  bees 
in  the   past  few  weeks# 


II  B  1  c  (3)  JET'-ISH 

I  C 



Chicag:o  Jev/ish  Chronicle «  July  7f  1933* 



Jewish  Day  at  the  "Century  of  Progress  Exposition"  reached  its  climax 
Monday  night  v/hen  125 #000  ment  women  and  children  crov/ded  Soldier 
Field  to  witness  a  Biblical  pageant,  "The  Romance  of  A  People." 

Kusic  handed  dovm  through  forty  centuries  filled  the  stadium  as 
6,200  performers  told  the  story  of  a  people's  struggle  to  find 
God  and  bring  freedom  to  the  earth. 

II  B   1   C  (3)  -  2  -  iSmS 

I  C 

Chicag:o  Jevash  Chronicle t  July  ?#   1933* 




On  a   stage  that  rose   tier  by  tier  at  the  north  end  of  the  Field,   the 

cast  under  th(.   direction  of  Isaac  Van  Grovot   conductor  of  opera  and  'g 

the   symphony,    portrayed  in  the  mediums  of  music,   light  and  mass,   the  ^ 

trials  of  Israel   from  the   day  of  creation.     It  was  a   striking  spectacle; 

the  benedictions   sund  by  white-robed  priests  whose  bejev/elled  breast 

plates  flittered;    the   roar  of  ram' s  horn  trumpets,   the   tolling  of  bells, 

the  waving  of  palms,   and  the  movement  before  the   eye   of  the   shifting 

lights  and  masses   of  the  drama. 

In  the  vast  audience  v/ere   thousands   of  Jev;s  from  every  part  of  the 
United  States  and  many  from  Canada  and  other  countries,   representing 
every  shade   of  orthodoxy  and  liberalism.     Attending  as  a  unit  were   the 
5,000  delegates  and  friends   of  the  Zionist  Organization  of  America, 
whose  annual   convention  yesterday  pledged  $8,000,000  to  carry  out 
a  four-year  program  of  colonization  in  the  Palestinian  homeland. 

II  B  1  c  (3)  -  3  -  Jg.nSH 

Chicag:o  Jev/ish  Chronicle,  July  ?#  1933* 


"The  Romance  of  A  People"  beg^n  with  the  creation.  A  tiny  shaft  of 
light  pierced  the  darkness  of  Soldier  Field  and  focused  the  silent 
expectancy  of  the  throng  on  an  altar  in  the  center  of  the  field,  v/here 
lay  the  Book  of  the  Ages*  A  solitary  figure  turned  a  page.  Cut  of 
chaos t  at  the  bidding  of  the  vrord,  came  order.  A  blinding  light  fell 
upcu  the  scene  depicting  the  first  ecstacy  of  being  and  the  adoration 
of  the  creator* 

But  the  psalms  of  adoration  died  away  and  again  the  voice  spoke,  but 
now  Y/ith  sadness:  "They  forsook  God".  Unchained  ambition,  peission  and 
fear  ruled  in  tumult;  hunger,  birth  and  death  tormented  men* 


II  B  1  c  (3)  -  4  •  JgnSH 


Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle >  July  7»   1933» 

He  peopled  the  world  with  demons^     His  child  he  hurled  into  the   lap 
of  Moloch,  while  Baal   claimed  his  daughter's  virtue  and  Ldammon  his 
conscience*     A   scene  of  Abraham's   sacrifice  flaved  into  that  of  the 
land  of  the  .'haraohs.     A   fierce   sun  heat  down  on  thousands   of  sloivly 
swaying  slaves.     The  masters'   whips   stung,   but  Abraham  ViTas  forgotten* 
The  great  idea  -  the  allegiance   to  God  -  had  faded* 


An  apparition  detached  itself  as  from  a  wilderness;   the  burning  bush 
and:    "Moses t  the   one  Godf   the  God  of  Abrahamt   the  God  of  Justice, 
Commands  your   service.     Bend  not  your  backs  to  idols.     Liberate  your- 
self from  Egypt's   sins.   There  are  prophets  in  our  flesh  and  martyrs 
in  your  bones." 

Now  Israel  was  assembled  before  the   temple*     The   shofar  trumpeted; 
thousands  of  white  hands  flashed  in  the  light  and  there  \ms  the 
soft  melody  of  prayer* 

A   sudden  clanging  dissonance   struck  a  note   of  terror*     A   golden 
eagle   glittered*     Flags  fluttered,   and  the  muffled  trend  of  the  hosts 
of  Rome  was  heard*     Titus  captured  Jerusalem  v/ith  carnage  unequaled  in 
the  long  history  of  v/ars.     Into  a  new  slavery  were  the  remnants  of 
the   people  driven*     Then  nearly  2,000  years  of  v/andering  and  exile 
as  nations  rose  and   fell,   and  triumphs  were   commingled  v;ith  defeats* 

II  3   1   c  (3)  -  5  -  Jg^ISH 

I  C 

Chicai-o  Jev;ish  Chronicle,  July  7f   1933# 

The  vibrunt  voice   of  Ivliriam  rang  out  in  triumph  as  the  people,   freed 

from  the  yoke  of  bondage,  breathed  again  the  free  air  of  the  desert*. 

In  a  pastoral  interlude   came   the  vision  of  Israel  established  in  her  ;^ 


II  B  1   c  (3)  -  6  -  JS"ISH 

I  C  ^ 


Chlcag:o  Jewish  Chronicle.  July  7$  1933»  -.::^ 

I — 
Again  the   stage  blazedf  novr  v/ith  the  Stars  and  Stripes^    symbol   of  a  "^^ 

new  land  and  a  new  freedom.-     The  temple  glowed  with  a  new  brilliance  o 

and  an  exultant  voice   criedt     "Proclaim  liberty  thcoughout  the   land  ;2 

to  all   the  inhabitants  the  re  of  •"  '<i 

Just  before   the  figure  at  the  altar  turned  the  last  page   of  the  great 
book  v/as  the   scene  of  Israel  at  home  againt   after  ages  of  wandering. 
"And  he   shall  judge  between  the   peoples,  and  they  shall  beat  their  swords 
into  plow-shares,  and  their  spears  into  pruning  hooks;   nation  shall 
not  lift  up  sword  against  nation,   neither  shall  they  learn  war  any 

The  light  slowly  faded.     The   star  remained.     It  shone  on  all   the  world* 

II   B  1   c  (3)  J^OSH 

II  B   1  a 

Chi ca 0:0  Jewish  Chronicle.  July  7t  1933* 




Maurice  Rosenfeld 

Editor's  Xote  -  The  Chicagio  Jev.lsh  Chronicle,   presents  here\dth  a 
a  review  of  "The  Romance   of  a  People/   written  by  the  distinguished 
music  critic  and  musicul  authority,  Maurice  Rosenfeld,  who  has   con- 
tributed so  much  to  make  Chicago  the  musical  art  center  that  it  has 
become   in  the   last   tv/enty-five  years. 

II  B   1   c  (3)  •  2  .  Jg^-ISH 

II  B   1  a 

Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle,  July  7f   1933* 

A  triumph,   in  v/hich  intellect,   fellov/ship,  humanity,  and  art  combined 
made   of  the   pageant  "The  Romance   of  a  People,"    presented  at  Soldier 
Field  last  Monday  evening  as  a   climax  to  Jevash  Day  at  A  Century 
of  Progress  Exposition,  a  thing  to  be   remembered  by  Jews  the  world 


One  hundred  and  tv;enty-five  thousand  Jews  and  Gentiles  filled  the 
vast  spaces  of  Soldier  Field,  and  watched  and  listened  to  the  unfolding 
of  a  spectacle  that  brought  to  our  consciousness  and  to  our  vision 
the  vicissitudes,  the  trials,  and  the  victories  of  our  race  in  its 
progress  and  development  in  the  course  of  its  four  thousand  years  of 



II  B  1  c  (3)  -  3  -  JEWISH 

II  B  1  a  ,;> 


Chics.Eo  Jewish  Chronicle.  July  7,  1933.  "-', 

Such  a  pageant,  colossal  in  its  inception,  tremendous  in  its  scope,    c\'?, 
and  realistic  in  its  art,  has  never  been  presented  here  before,  and 
v/e  must  first  of  all  give  due  praise  to  the  originators  of  the  idea, 
to  the  inspired  labors  of  those  who  devoted  their  talents  and  their 
executive  gifts  to  make  of  the  event  an  outstanding  occasion  in  Chicago's 
history  and  in  the  advancement  of  the  Jev/ish  race# 

Judge  Harry  l!«  Fisher,  chairman  of  the  Jev/ish  Day  Comniittee,  acted 
as  spokesman,  and  after  the  audience  had  assembled,  about  an  hour  and 
a  half  later  the  announced  time  for  the  opening  of  the  pageant,  in- 
troduced the  guests  of  the  evening.  Governor  Henry  Horner,  Professor 
Chaim  ^Veizmann  of  London,  the  executive  director,  Isaac  Van  Grove, 

Rabbi  i^olomon  Goldman,  and  Albert  H»  Rosenberg* 

II  B  1  c  (3)  -  4  -  JHT-VISH 

II  B  1  a 

Chicag:o  Jewish  Chronicle,  July  7f  1933* 

"The  Romance  of  a  People"  depicts  in  some  six  episodes,  a  prologue,  and 
several  interludes,  the  history  of  the  Jev/ish  race  from  what  we  might 
say  the  Creation  to  the  present  day.  Many  passages  are  from  the 
Torah,  from  the  Book  of  Genesis,  from  the  Bible  and  from  the  stories 
of  tradition  of  lore  of  the  race. 

There  were  several  distinguished  principals  in  the  cast,  including 
Adolph  Muhlman,  the  internationally  famous  baritone,  whose  voice 
had  the  resonance,  the  beauty  and  the  musical  qualities  that  have 
endeared  him  to  all  music  lovers.  Boris  Schiffraan,  cantor  of  Rodfei 
Zedek  Congregation,  v/hose  tenor  voice  entranced  the  huge  audience 
with  its  clarity  and  range,  Emma  Lazaroff  Schaver  -  not  mentioned 
among  the  leading  artists  -  who  disclosed  a  high  and  brilliant  so- 
prano voice,  and  Avrum  Mathews,  who  contributed  much  by  his  admirable 
singing  to  complete  the  cast  of  the  principal  singers*  We  must  also- 
give  credit  to  Hannah  Kichhaven,  the  leader  of  the  Miriam  Dance# 


II  3  1  c  (^)  -  5  .  JEV/ISH 

II  B  1  a 

Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle ^  July  7,  1933. 

The  performemce  was  enhanced  by  the  spoken  word,  and  by  solo  and  concerted 
song,  in  which  more  than  thirty-five  hundred  singers,  actors  and  dancers 
took  part» 

As  for  the  music  itself,  directed  with  authority  and  genial  talent  by 
Mr*  Isaac  Van  Grove,  we  may  state  that  for  the  greater  part  it  was  tradit- 
ional and  handed  down  through  thirty  or  forty  centuries,  from  almost  the 
dawn  of  recorded  history*  It  was  characteristically  Oriental  in  color, 
in  melodic  line,  and  in  rhythm*   It  has  sturdiness,  and  at  times  pathos. 







II  B  1  c  {X\  -6-  JE^nsH     \ 

II  B  1  a 


Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle^  July  7>  1933 • 

How  Mr»  Van  Grove  controlled  this  immense  ensemble  without  being  seen  is 
almost  incomprehensible  to  the  ordinary  spectator,  but  the  performance 
which  lasted  until  nearly  twelve  o'clock,  proceeded  to  the  close  without  the 
slightest  hitch  of  any  kind.  The  immense  chorus  of  several  thousand  mixed 
voices,  the  thousand  dancers,  and  several  hundred  actors  and  their  properties, 
had  been  efficiently  drilled  and  rehearsed  and  v/ent  through  the  episodes 
of  the  pageant  admirably* 

There  were  megaphones,  and  amplifiers,  and  the  hovel  stage,  and  its  lighting 
^of  the  vast  spaces  of  Soldier  Field  were  all  items  in  a  most  memorable 




II  B  1   c  (3) 



Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle >  June  30,   1933*  o 


You  have   crossed  the  -Atlantic  and  traveled  thousands  of  miles  to  join 
us  in  celebrating  Jewish  Day  at     "A  Century  of  Progress*"      Chicago  Jewry 
is  happy  for  the   opportunity  to  greet  you  and  welcome  you» 

We  are   looking  forward  to  the   inspiration  of  your  presence^   freighted  and 
fragrant  as  it  is  with  the   soil  and  the   soul   of  Eretz  Yisroel^   and  looking 
forward  happily  and  anxiously  to  hear  your  message  which  will    strike  a 
responsive   chord  in  our  hearts* 

You  who  have  done    so  much  to  unite  all  Jewish  hearts  and  have   fired 
Jewish  hopes  everywhere,   come  to  us  at  a  time  when  we  need  your 
counsel  most* 

II  B  1  c  (3)  -  2  -  JS^'^SH  % 

Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle >  June  30 »  1933#  ^j* 

Never  has  Chicago  been  privileged  to  be  host  to  so  many  loyal  Jewish 
hearts  who  have  come  from  distant  corners  of  our  great  country  to  v/itness 
the  magnificent  spectacle,  "The  Romance  of  a  People,"  which  tells  the 
story,  in  dance  and  song,  of  the  martyrdom  and  triumphs  of  the  Jews 
during  the  past  four  thousand  years*   It  is  an  honor  which  the  Jews  of 
Chicago  are  proud  of  and  happy  for  the  responsibility  that  is  theirs. 

May  your  visit  bring  understanding  and  concord,  peace  and  unity* 

So  speaks  the  heart  of  Chicago  Jewry* 

H.  L*  M. 

II  B  1  c  (3)  JEWISH'^ 

III  B  4  ^ 
III  G  % 

Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle.  June  30,  1933,  > 



This  is  Jewish  Gala  V/eek  in  Chicago* ••••'That  v/ith  the  Zionist   convention, 
the  B'nai  3'rith  conclave*       The  annual  meeting  of  the  Hisbadruth  Ivrith  and 
loany  other  L^port^.2it  coiarora/icos  iua-?.  convB  iii^  is,   Chicigo  Till  be  turnod  into 
quite  a  representative  Jewish  communitjr  overnights       The  Zionists  have  many 
important  problems  that  are  pressing  the  novenant   for  action  and  from  all 
indications  it   ;^ill  be  a  hot  and  interacting  conveation,   aspeci'^  ;/ith 
Dr»  Chaim  7/eitzman  as  the  guest  of  honor*       His  presence  at  the  convention 
more  than  sj^bolic,  with  tlae  Congress  being  held  in  August* 

At  any  rate,   it  was  a  clever  bit  of  political  strategy  and  we  suspect  that 
some  very  active  and  sincare   Zionist   is  responsible   for  his  presence* 
Will  this  Mean  a  return  of  \7eitznian  to  leadership  ;iind  to  the  presiisncy  of 
the  agency? 



II  B  1  c  (3)  -2  -  JE-.7ISH  " 

III  B  4 
III  a 

Chicago  Je-.7ish  Chronicle,  June  30 »  1933 • 

This  week  Chicago  becomes  the  center  of  American  Jewry.  All  eyes  will  be 
focused  here.  And  many  hearts  will  beat  faster  in  anticipation  of  the 
great  success  that  Jewish  Day  will  turn  out  to  be*  It  will  be  a  glorious 
ending  to  a  great  week-end.  The  culmination  of  many  months  of  hard  and 
strenuous  work,  and  the  realization  of  a  perfect  dream* 


The  greatest  dramatic  spectacle  portrayed  by  Israel  at  any  time  on  any 
stage,  with  the  exception  of  its  own  history.  But  the  pageant  will  be 
portrayal  of  our  history  and  the  greatest  single  educational  interpretation 
we  have  ever  witnessed^ 


II  3  1  c   (3)  -  3  -  JEvYISH      ^ 

III  B  4 


'  v> 


Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle t  June  30,  1933 •  ^    I 

-  > 

A  Gentile  friend  of  ours  in  our  buildins  was  so  axithusai  about  Jewish  Day        "^'^ 

that  he  ventured  to  prophesy  that  it  v/ill  surpass  a  thousand-fold  the 

gathering  at  Soldier  Field  during  the  Eucharist ic  Congress  held  here  a 

couple  of  years  a^o*  The  non-Jewish  population  of  this  and  other  cities 

are  as  enthused  about  Jewish  Day  as  any  of  us  are.  And  it  will  remain  as 

one  of  the  outst':.ndij.ig  events  of  the  '^orld*s  Fair  long  after  the  Century 

of  Progress  has  cease  I  to  functioii^ 

To  the  del8ga.to5  arrivla;^  for  th^  Zio^iist  an  I  the  Histadruth  Conventions, 
v/e  say:''ShalomI  3ruchim  Habaim.**  And  hope  that  their  deliborationo  -'ill 
r3;r.ilt  in  ths  r3vival  of  ths  Militxit  3^3iri?;  \7hi3ii  ist Mated  tlia  bir::i  of  t'le 
Zionist  movements  And  that  the  convention  \7ill  become  the  means  of  making 
Zionism  a  mass  movement  in  this  co^j2itrj% 



II  B   1  c  (3)  JEAISH      ^ 

I  c  ■% 

The     Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle.  June  9,  1933*  %  t 


H«  L«  M« 


A   significant  step  in  furtherance  of  inter-creed  good  will  was  announced 
today  in  the  formation  of  the  Chicago  Coamittee  of  Christian  Friends 
cooperating  with  Jewish  groups  in  the  presentation  of  "A  Romance  of  a 

Judge  John  }L.  McGoortyy  has  accepted  the  chairmanship  of  the  Chicago 
Committee   of  Christian  Friends  cooperating  in  the  event*     Among  the 
othersy  who  have  accepted  appointment  to  the  committee,  are  Robert 

Maynard  Hutchinst   president  of  the  University  of  Chicago;  Walter  Dill 
Scott,  president  of  Northwestern  University;  Dr»  John  Timothy  Stone; 



II  B   1   c  (3)  -  2   -  JE^.yi SH 

I  C 

The  Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle^   June  9t   1933 • 

Dr#  Shailer  Matthews?  Henry  P.  Chandler;  Charles  l/lT.  Gilkeyt   dean  of  the 
University  of  Chicago  Chapel;   D.   P^Kelly;   Bishop  George  Craig  Stewart; 
Dr»  Yk'llllam  S.   Parker;  Rev*  Walter  Mee;  William  J«  Bogan,    superintendent 
of  schools;  Ulss  Jane  Addams;   Bishop  Ernest  L.  Waldorf  of  the  Methodist 
Episcopal  Metropolitan  area;  Rev#  Ernest  Fremont  Little;  Dr»  Ella  May 
Horan;   and  the  Rev«  Paul  Rader* 

In  a  letter  to  Meyer  W«  Weisgalt   executive  director  of  the  Jewish  Day 
Committee   in  charge   of  the  mammoth  spectacle,  Dr#  Artman  said: 

"We  have  noted,  with  much  interest,   the  progress  you  have  been  making 
in  the   promotion  of  the  pageant  'A  Romance   of  a  People ••      Several  leaders 
in  the  Christian  groups  have  wondered  how  they  might  aid  in  the  promitlon 
of  this  extraordinary  event • 



II  B  1   c  (3)  -  3  -  JgAlSH 

I  C 

The  Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle.  June   9t   1933» 

"In  the  light  of  this  wide-spread  interestf   our  Executive  Committee 
unanimously  voted.  May  31 1   to  appoint  a  Chicago  Committee   of  Christian 
PriendSf   sponsoring  Jewish  Day  and  the   pageant,    'A  Romance  of  a  People** 

"Already  a   significant  start  has  been  made,  and  wide-spread  interest 
among  leaders  of  Christian  organizations  has  been  created*     Uen  of  all 
shades  of  religious  opinion  have  enthusiastically  endorsed  the  work 
which  the   committee  has  proposed  to  do»" 


II  B  1  e  (•^)  JSr.vISH   -; 

Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle t  Jxine  2,  1933  •  ^ 


After  years  and  years  of  planning,  preparation  and  building,  the  great 
Century  of  Progress  is  open  in  Chicago • 

The  stage  on  which  •*A  Romance  of  a  People**  will  be  presented,  the  largest 
of  its  kind  in  the  world,  was  dedicated  recently  with  simple  ceremonies^ 
Those  who  saw  the  stage,  its  beauty  and   its  immensity,  were  awe  stricken 
and  stood  there  in  bewilderment •  Oman  and  Lilienthal,  the  architects, 
iriio  conceived  and  are  supervising  the  building  of  this  beautiful  stage, 
are  doing  a  piece  of  work  which  will  remain  in  Jewish  history  for  gener- 
ations* It  is  absolutely  the  finest  of  its  kind  ever  built,  and  may  justly 
be  proud  of  their  accomplishment.  One  of  the  most  interesting  exhibits 
on  the  Fair  grounds  is  Solomon's  Temple  and  the  Tabernacles,  built  accord- 
ing  to  the  description  in  the  Bible t  the  dedication  of  which  will  take 
place  Saturday  night ♦  The  exhibit  will  doubtless  be  the  magnet  point 
for  countless  thousands  of  Jews  and  Gentiles  who  are  interested  in  Biblical 
lore  and  want  to  see  exact  production  of  that  famous  temple  built  by 
King  Solomon* 


.  ^     o'/ 

11  B  1  c    (3)                                                                                                          JgyyiSH     K       "'^ 
II  B  2  d    (1)  

Jewish  forward >  Jan«3>   1932. 



The  Forward  masquerade  ball,  which  took  place  yesterday  in  the  Ashland 
Auditorium,  was  a  big  success.  Thousands  of  people  came  to  the  ball 
and  there  iiet  their  friends  and  acquaintances.  And  all  the  thousands 
of  men  and  women  formed  a  tremendous  Forward  family. 

As  we  go  to  press  hundreds  of  couples  still  remain  on  the  floor  dancing 
to  the  music  of  S.  'iTagner  and  his  orchestra. 

The  large  auditorium  resounded  with  the  happy  laughter  of  the  hundreds 
of  men  and  women,  who  enjoyed  the  beautiful,  colorfal  masks* 

II  B  1  c  (5)  JEVISH 

II  B  3  ^ 


Forward,  Apr,  20,  1931. 


The  famous  Je;vish  giamt  from  Rumania,  l.Iax  Rosenstock,  known  as  the 
strongest  man  in  the  world,  will  appear  today  in  a  number  of  heroic 
performances,  at  the  Elite  Club,  corner  Springfield  and  Roosevelt  Rd, 

One  of  the  most  wonderful  performances  is  when  he  is  chained  and  put  into 
a  tight  closed  box  nailed  with  huge  nails. 

He  very  easily  opens  the  lid  and  walks  out  of  the  box  as  if  nothing  happened 

The  same  evening  in  a  special  program,  will  also  participate  many  Jewish 
radio  and  stage  stars  vtoo  will  render  very  interesting  and  amusing  numbers. 


II  B  1  o  (3)  JMISH 

II  D  10 

^^  (ILL )  PPo '  o 
Forward,  Decemtier  24,  1923 . 


The  Peoples  ball  of  last  evening  which  was  attended  hy  hundreds  of  men 
and  women,  was  the  concluding  evening  of  the  Peoples  Relief  hazaar* 

The  officials  of  the  hazaar,  Ur.   A«  Uinkus,  general  chairman,  Mr«  A«  Lurie, 
chairman  of  the  Peoples  Belief,  and  Mr,  Joseph  Tieder,  general  manager, 
made  the  following  statement  yesterday: 

The  hazaar  of  the  local  Peoples  Relief  Ort  Committee,  that  was  held  for  the 
henefit  of  the  children's  homes  and  schools  in  Barope  and  for  the  construct- 
ive activity  of  the  Ort,  netted  more  than  $15,000  profit.  We  feel  that  we 
have  sufficient  reasons  to  he  satisfied  with  the  results  considering: 
1#  The  dire  condition  of  the  great  memher  of  unemployed.  2.   The  difficul- 
ties of  sponsoring  any  txndertaking  before  Christmas,  when  all  are  engaged 
until  late  in  the  evenings  and  have  no  time  for  amusements* 

II  B  1  c  (cj) 

II  D  10 


The  Forv/!  rd.  December  15,  ie23. 

WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  3027b 


Yfith  the  opening  of  the  Peoples  Relief  Bazaar  this  evening  in  the  Ashland 
Auditorium,  an  historic  event  will  be  recorded  in  the  annuals  of  Jewish  phi- 
lanthropy in  Chicfir^o,  The  profits  will  go  for  children  education  and  for 
tools  to  cultivate  the  soil  in  Europe. 

The  bazaar  will  open  at  7  P#  M;  sharp • 

8.  P»  M. 

A  musical  program  will  take  place  at 

Belle  Bendu,  the  principle  acs?  stent  of  the  Chioai^o  Grand  Opera  bellet, 

arranged  beatiful  ballets  for  the  evening;.  Loretta  Dikoff ,  tosrether  with 

the  two  wonder-children,  Miriam  Foy,  ei^ht,  and  Jano  Chuoan,  seven,  will  be 
the  main  dancers  of  the  Russian  Ballet. 

*  II    E    1   c    (3)  _2-  JSV/I SH 

■^^  ^  ^°  .  WPA  (iLL)PR0i.3027j 



The  Fonvard,  December  15,  192Z. 

Several  orgenizaticns,  regardless  of  what  nature,  have  registered  to  aid 
the  bazaar.   The  'Vorkmen's  Circle;  The  International  Ladies  Garment  Unions 
The  'Yeiters  Union;  The  Rakers  Union;  The  Jewish  Candy  Jobbers;  The  Douglas 
Day  and  Night  Nursery;  The  Northwest  Side  Mothers  League;  The  Bealystok 
Countrymen;  and  several  oth^^"-  large  and  small  organisations  have  united 
for  this  great  and  noble  relief  work. 

In  addition  to  the  ballet,  a  very  interesting  program  of  songs  will  be 
carried  through,  in  :vhich  such  musical  talents  as  Nicholas  Karlas,  Bessie 
Goldstein,  the  Colored  Carusoe,  Arthur  Lylard,  and  others  will  participate. 
The  numbers  that  will  be  sung,  will  unite  all  nations  and  will  be  in  various 

Raphael  Spiro,  talented  violinist  v/ill  ^lay  "Kol  Nidre"  and  other  classicel 


II   P   1   c 

II   D   10 




The   For/^p.rd,    December  15,    1923. 

WPA  (ILL)  PROj.  3027 

The  THiite  House  Bakery,  3615  Roosevelt  Road,  ^Mttenberg  Eakerj%  1284  S. 
Kedzie,  Kuznitsky,  3434  .7.  16th  Street,  Central  Park  Bakery,  16th  and  Central 
Park  Avenue,  larfield  Bakery,  3758  '".  16th  Street,  Kresk'f  Bakery  3455  W. 
Roosevelt  Road,  G  oodmans  Bakery,  13tb  and  Laughlin,  Laundale  Bakery,  3641. 
Roosevelt  Road,  and  many  other  hekeries  have  promised  to  supply  the  bazaar 
with  bread,  rolls,  and  cekes  during  the  entire  stey  of  the  bazaar* 

The  committee  of  Queen  Esther's  Ladies  Society,  consisting  of  Mrs.  Anna 
Kapstinet,  Jenny  Levin,  C»  Rubin,  and  Pearl  Tehulack,  submitted  five-hundred 
dollars  worth  of  merchandise  to  the  office  of  the  bazaar  yesterday.   The 
same  committee  also  contributed  one-hundred  and  twenty  five  dollars  in  cash 
for  the  bazaar. 

II  B  1  o  (3)  JBiriSH 

II  D  10 

Forward.  Hot,  12,  1923.         ^^^^  O^U  PR0j.30Z/t 

Die  People's  Relief  CcnnBltteo  tendered  a  bcoiqaet  in  honor  of  its  national 
ohairman»  Judge  Perkin  of  Neir  Yorkt  Saturday  evening  in  the  Uorrison  Hotel 
(Rose  rooa)  where  hundreds  of  friends  of  the  People *s  Relief  CooBlttee 
assembled  to  listen  to  various  oonmittee  reports  cuid  to  hear  Judge  Perkin 
on  "The  Work  of  the  People's  Relief  Committee*" 

Despite  the  presenoe  of  prominent  labor  leaders  and  other  great  person* 
alitiest  suoh  as  Sidney  Hillnyant  president  of  the  Amalgamated  Clothing 
Workers;  Sam  Levint  manager  of  the  Joint  Board  of  the  Amalgamated;  Ben* 
Jamin  Sohlessingert  manager  of  Forward;  Mrs*  Diskin  and  Caoier  from  the 
Y/omen*s  Auxiliary  of  the  basaar;  D*  Oustort  manager  of  the  Aotors'  Union 
of  New  York;  Leon  Hanookf  of  the  United  Hebrew  Trades;  l&r#  Lurief  chair- 
man of  the  People's  Relief  Committee  of  Chioago;  Lsvitast  representative 
of  the  Jewish  Socialist  Alliance;  L«  Berenson*  representative  of  the 
Workmen's  Circlet  and  many  other  men  and  women  of  various  organlzationst 
the  audience  was  satisfied  with  a  detailed  speech  by  Judge  Perkin  and  a 
business  speech  by  the  chairman  of  the  basaart  Abraham  Minkust  who  dealt 

li  B  1  e  (3)  -  2  -  JEWISH 

II  D  10 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

Forward.  Nor.  IZ,   1923* 

with  the  qudstloB  of  the  bazaar  for  the  ohildren  of  Poland  and  other 
oountriest  from  a  pure  business  standpoint*       ^ 

lfr«  lUnkus  oompared  the  work  of  the  basaar  with  the  establishment  of  a 
oorporationt  and  the  direotors  as  shareholders  who  must  eliainate  ex- 
penses and  begin  profiting  as  soon  as  the  doors  of  the  basaar  open*  And 
in  order  to  show  that  he  means  businesSt  he  announced  that  he  eood   his 
partner*  Mr*  KatSt  donate  $500  as  their  contribution  to  the  bazaart  €tnd 
have  already  oolleoted  $3*000  in  oa^h  and  11*000  in  merchandise* 

This  speech  made  a  great  impression  on  those  who  were  able  to  follow  the 
noble  example  of  the  two  partners*  Ur«  Uinkus  and  lfr«  Katz*  and  contri* 
butions  of  considerable  sums  were  immediately  made* 

The  following  hare  donated  to  the  bazaar:  Hr»  Witz*  #200;  Mr*  Lurie* 
chairman  of  the  People's  Relief  Committee  of  Chicago*  |200;  Dr*  Franklin* 
I2OO4  llr«  LaskLnski*  $200;  Peter  Sussman*  toastmaster  of  the  banquet* $200{ 

II  B  1  o  (3)  -  3  -  JmiSE 

II  D  10 

Forward,  Nov.  I2t  1923#  WPA  (ILL)  PRGJ.  302^5 

Mr*  Fogelt$100;  Ur.  V/aldman,  $100;  Ladies  Auxiliary  P#  W»  A.,   $25;  lb*8# 

ICinkus  and  Mrs*  Kats,  $25;  Mrs*  Iarie»  $50;  Ifr*  Kaplan*  $50;  lfr«  Oordoiit 

$25;  Ifr.  DaTidt  $25;  Mr*  Millart  $25;  Ur.   Caoart  $25  and  Mr*  H*  Miller* 

Mr*  H*Miller  represented  the  oleaners  and  dyers  who  have  a  ooomdttee  to 
help  the  basaar  and  he  reported  that  J*  L«  Priedoan*  president  of  the 
Cleaners  wod   Dyers*  has  already  ooUeoted  $lt500  for  the  basaar* 

S*  Kaplan,  of  the  Bialystok  Verein*  reported  tiat  they  had  already  oolleoted 
$1,500  for  the  bauar* 

Ihey  have  a  grand  total  of  $10,000  thus  far*  besides  the  merohandise  which 
was  oolleoted  by  various  oonunittees* 

The  banquet  was  not  only  a  business  gathering  to  aoouaulate  aoney  for  the 
People's  Relief*  Besides  the  spiritual  enjoyaent  that  was  derived  from 
the  speeohes,  those  present  had  the  pleasure  of  listening  to  two  world 
renowned  oantors,  Kevartin  and  Rottman* 

II  B  1  o  (3)  ,  -  4  -  JHBflSH 

II  D  10 

Forward.  Wov.  12,   1923.  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ, 30275 

The  toastaaster  of  the  eTening*  Peter  Sussmany   opened  the  banquet  and 
introduced  Ur.  Lurie«   ohainaan  of  the  Chicago's  People's  Relief  Cc»i«» 

Ur.  Feder  gave  a  brief  aixamary  of  the  aotiTities  of  the  various  bazaar 
conuBittees  and  he  stated  that  #15«000  will  be  collected  before  the 
opening  of  the  doors  of  the  basaar* 

11  B  1  c   (3) 
II  A  3  t 

J£?/I  SE 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

Forward,  April  I7,    1922. 

The  tT/^enty-fif th  anniver?ar;>^  of  the  ?oi^^ard  will   "be   cele'brp.ted  Sunday  evening, 

Uay  7f   iii  ^^®  Auditorium  Theater,    Congress  and  Wabash.     Ad.   Cs^han,    editor  of 

the  Forward,    and  B.    Vladek,    general  nnanager  of  the  Forward.,   will  arrive  from 

New  York  to  address  the  assembly. 

A  rich  musical  pros'rain  will  be  presented.   M,   Y/inogradof ,   baritone,    will   sing 
opera  arias  and  folk  songs.   Moissaye  Bortlslavsky,   rjiajiist,   will  play  classi- 
cal compositions.      Leon  Blank,    famous  Jewish  actor,   will  appear  in  a  number 
of  dra.matic  sketches.      J.    G-ordon,    concert  maestro  and  director  of  the   Sympho- 
ny Orchestra,   will  play  a  few   solos,   accompanied  by  the  orchestra. 

II  3  1  c   (3) 

Y  A  1 
I  E 


Forv^ard,  April  3,    I32?, 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

The   fifteenth  anniversary  was  celebrated  yesterday  "by  the  Biali stock  Work- 
men's Circle  Branch  in  the~ Venetian  E^ll    of  the  Lahor  Lyceum,   where  a  color- 
ful program  was  carried  through,      Tl.e  hall  was  hefiutifully  decorated  with 
a  welcome " sign,    of  the  Lahor  lyceun  committee,    reading:    "To   the  Bialistock 
Branch  at   the  Celetration  of  Our  Ovn  Labor  Lyceum."     Comrade  Ba'skive,    generr^l 
secretar^^  of  the  Wor'onen's  Circle,  was  received  ^-^ith  great  enthusiasm. 

•  •  •  •  • 

The  "branch  made  an  appeal  for  the  Feoi^les  Relief  and  the   grand  sum  of 
$300  was  contributed.      This  evening  at  6  P.   !.■•    the  fifteenth  anniversary/ 
celebration  will   close  with  a  ba^iquet  at  Rosenthal's  Restaurant,   where   the 
com-^ittee  assures  a  good  time  for  all. 

\  . 

^.  .:.J      ..    ^^:\0. 

n  l\ 


«v,     T,     ,   .  *  ,   ,o  -<^<^,  WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ. 30275 

Chler-^:o  Fox^ard.  September  12,  1921. 

Big  Parade  Leads  to  the  Laying  of  Cornerstone  for  the  Infants^  Home 

of  the  B'noth  Zion  Day  Kfursery 

The  parade,  yesterday,  of  the  B'noth  Zion  Day  Ihirsery  to  the  Infant  Home 
at  California  Ave.  and  Hirsch  St.  77as  a  great  success.  Beside  the  thousands 
of  female  members  of  the  IT^irsery,  many  invited  organisations  also  marched  in 
the  parade. 

Two  bands  of  m:^isic  led  the  parade  from  Wicker  Park  to  the  grounds  of  the 
Infant  Home. 

Thousands  of  people  of  the  Jewish-vicinity  of  the  Northwest  Side  came  out 
of  their  homes  to  see  the  parade,  then  fell  in  line  and  marched  along. 

A  beautif\il  scene  were  the  trucks  decorated  with  flowers  carrying  the 
children  of  the  present  nursery. 

The  children  were  cheered  all  the  way  by  the  thousands  of  people  on  the 
sidewalk  on  both  sides  of  the  street. 

On  the  grounds  of  the  new  infant  home  various  speakers  addressed  the  crowds, 
and  a  large  fund  was  created  towards  the  building  of  the  institution. 

Page  2. 

"31c  (?) 
II  D^J 


WPA  (ILL)  ?ROi  3Q275 


hica^o  Forward,   Septemter  12,  1921, 

Seven  tho-asand  dollars  were  pledged,   !Phe  TTeil  Brothers  of  the  Vfeil  Brothers 
Pramting  Company,  paid  $1,0000  for  laying  the  first  stone. 

Joseph  Rasniak  of  Milwaukee  Avenue  paid  $S00#00  for  laying  the  second 
stone,  and  the  "balance  cajne  in  various  denominations. 

The  most  applause  was  received  ty  Mrs,  L*  Higer,  the  founder  of  the  nursery, 
who  is  doing  so  much  of  the  work  toward  the  "building  of  the  infant  home* 

Ur,  Louis  Heingold  was  the  marshal  of  the  parade. 

II  B  1  c  (3) 


WPA  (ILL)  PRCJ.  3027^ 

Forvb-ard     May  30,   1921 

This   Saturday  the   first  anniversary   of  the  V/.   C.   Lyceum  v/ill  be 

•Delegates  of  workmen's  circle  branches,  central  labor  organizations, 
administrations,  and  friends  of  the  v/crkraen' s  circle  v/ill  assemble  in  the 
large  hall  of  the  Lyceum  and  will  participate  in  a  nagnificient  banquet. 



II  B  1  0  (3) 
II  D  1 

FORWARD,  October  24,  1920. 


WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ  30275 


The  Officers  of  the  free  Jewish  Shelter  are  inviting  the  Jewish  Public 
of  Chicago  to  its  House  wanning  at  1246  S.  Sawyer  Jive.,  Sunday  Oct  24th 
at  3  PJI. 

Prcaidnent  Rabbis  will  speak;  an  Orchestra  will  play. 

Refreshments  will  be  served,  and  a  rich  program  will  be  presented. 

Everybody  is  invited • 


Herman  Elovitz,  President. 
Elierer  Adler,  Vice  President. 
Jacob  Tvery,Secreta3Tr« 


II  B   1   0    (o) 

III  3  2 
II  3  1  a 

Forward,    October   2,    li^^iU. 

Ilev/s  of  the  Labor  World. 


ViPA  (ILL)  pro;  30275 

The  Succoth  Banquet  of  the  Jewish  ?:ational  Labor  Yerband 
will  be  held  at  the  home  oi  Ghaver  A.  Kipnis  to-night  at  8:o'clocic. 
Those  present  will  have  the  pleasure  of  hearing  Cantor  A.  Greenoerg 
sing  some  of  the  many  Jewish  J'ol^  songs  for  which  he  is  noted. 



WPA  (iLL)PROJ.3G275 

Forward,  October  2,  l^j^O 

Hews  of  the  Labor  World. 

All  committees  which  have  taicen  ticKets  for  the  5:uocouh  Con- 
cert Ox  Arbeitering  (V/orKers*  Circle)  Schools  and  have  not  paid 
for  them  are  requestea  to  present  themselves  at  the  Box  office  of 
the  theater  at  4:00  o'clock  and  present  all  monies  collected  in 
the  sale  of  tickets. 

II  B  1  C    (5)  J^nSH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,   June  20,   1919 • 

Sixteenth  street  carnivai/ 

Thanks  to  the  untiring  efforts  of  !vlr,  Samuel  Malts,  president  of  the 
Sixteenth  Street  Bank,  the  long-planned  carnival  on  Sixteenth  Street 
will  be  opened  finally  tomorrow  evening.  It  vdll  extend,  on  Sixteenth 
Street,  from  Kedzie  to  Crawford  Avenue,  and  will  continue  until  June  24. 

This  carnival  will  be  interesting  and  amusing.  Participants  have  exerted 
their  greatest  efforts  and  energies  to  make  it  a  success.  Streets  will 
be  decorated,  bands  will  play,  and  various  amusing  games  will  be  held. 

Mr.  Meyer  Blaz,  promoter  of  the  carnival,  has  arranged,  besides  the  various 
shows  and  animal  displays,  to  have  ::r.  Harry  Hich,  the  noted  actor,  perform, 
free  of  charge,  some  of  his  fajnous  tricks,  such  as  pulling  two  automobiles 
with  his  teeth.  Having  a  shell  explode  after  a  huge  cannon  is  tied  to  his 
teeth,  etc.,  etc. 

II  3  1  c  (.3)  -  2  - 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  June  20,  1919. 

It  is  quite  certain  that  the  rusioents  of  the  above-Lientioned  neighborhood 
v/ill  have  a  good  time  during  the  ten  day's  run  of  the  carnival • 


II  B  1  c  (S)  

III  B  2 

Daily  Jewish  Gourier,  July  10,  1917* 


Chicago  Jewry  will  assemble  at  three  large  memorial  meetings  to  commemorate 
the  death  anniversary  of  Dr.  Theodore  Herzl,  organizer  and  founder  of  the 
present  great  Zionist  movement*  The  meetings  will  be  held  at  the  Herzl 
public  school,  Lawndale  and  Douglas  Blvd.,  the  Hebrew  Institute,  and  the 
Jewish  Educational  Alliance,  North  «/ood  Street*  Cantors,  Milkowski,  Lipner, 
and  Reichlin  will  officiate  at  the  meetings,  A  large  attendance  is  expected 
in  all  three  places* 

Good  speakers  will  address  the  meetings*  Everyone  is  invited  to  come  and 
honor  the  memory  of  the  greatest  Jewish  leader  of  the  present  generation* 

II  B  1  c    ( 

II  B  2  f 

III  B  2 


I  C 




Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Mar,  6,  1916, 

t  < 

1  wn.  S' 

More  than  seven  hundred  people  came  yesterday  evening  to  witness  the  opening  of 
the  Bezalel  exposition  at  the  Hebrew  Institute.  The  public  enjoyed  the  program, 
which  consisted  of  good  music  and  brief  talks*  Nearly  all  present  made  purchases 
of  the  Bezalel  antiques. 

Tonight^s  opening  of  the  Bezalel  exposition,  set  for  7  P.I',,  is  under  the  super- 
vision of  the  following  Zionist  organizations:  Jewish  National  Club,  Herzel 
Zionist  Society,  and  first  H\mgarian  Society.  Professor  Huffman  will  act  as 
chairman,  and  I«Ir.  Philip  Seaman,  superintendent  of  the  Hebrew  Institute,  will  be 
the  main  speaker.  He  will  speak  on  Bezalel  and  Jewish  Arts. 

'^^vo  well-known  talented  musicians,  together  with  I.Iiss  Jennett  Robinson  at  the 
piano,  and  Mr.  Irving  Levin,  violinist,  will  entertain  the  public. 


II  B  1  c    (3) 

II  A  3  a 



WPA  (!LL.)  PROJ.  30275 
Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Jan,  29»  1915* 


Chicago  Jews  will  soon  have  an  opportunity  to  see  Jewish  art  work  of  the 
Bezalel  school  in  Jerusalem.  Mr.  Nathan  D,  Kapleui,  Grand  Master  of  the 
Order  Knights  of  2ion-  announces  that  he  has  made  all  necessary  arrange- 
ments for  the  original  Jewish  art  exhibition. 

The  exhibition  will  be  held  at  the  Douglas  Park  iiuditorium  from  Feb.  11th 
to  Feb.  l6th.  The  exhibition  will  be  closed  all  day  Saturday. 

Professor  Boris  Shatz,  the  founder  of  the  Bezalel  school,  is  now  making  a 
tour  in  America  where  he  thus  far  hats  been  very  successful  wherever  he  has 
displayed  for  the  first  time  genuine  Jewish  works  of  art  from  the  only 
Jewish  school  of  art  in  Jerusalem, 

II  B  1  c    (5) 

II  A  3   a 


-  2  - 


WPA0LL)PROJ  m!"^ 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,   Jan.   29 »   1915* 

In  New  York  and  other  laro;e  cities  where  the  public  already  has  had  the 
opportunity  to  see  the  exhibition,  the  inspiration  was  great.     Every 
where  it   aroused  wonder  and  interest   in  the  great  progress  that  Jewish 
artists  have  made*     In  Chicago,  America's  second  largest   city,  Professor 
Shatz   expects  the  same  success  as   in  New  York. 

II  B  1  c  (3) 
II  A  3  c 

I  G 


Daily  Je\^dsh  Coiirier,  Feb.  19,  1914. 

.^iIlAT'3  ?.:i33INa  ^  'm::   3R3iJ.EL  EXKInIT 

IVe  have  visited  the  Bezalel  Art  iSxliibit  in  the  Douglas  Park  Institute  and 
scrutinized  every  piece  of  art  displayed  there,  starting  v;ith  the  500-dollar 
carpet  down  to  the  most  trivial  25-cent  toy,  yet  we  were  not  enthused  by  the 
countless  numbers  of  artistic  articles  which  our  eyes  sav;  and  our  hands  felt, 

Let  those  who  believe  that  tlie  Jewish  race  is  extinct  marvel  upon  seeing  a 
carpet  bearing  an  original  Je'.vish  design  woven  by  the  i'in:_^ers  of  a  Jewish 
weaver;  let  those  who  believe  that  Israel  is  dead  marvel  upon  seeing  a 
Jewish  artistic  design  on  gold,  silver  or  copper;  let  the  illiterates  stare 
upon  discovering^,  artistic  interwoven  objects  according  to  a  model  that  is 
specifically  Jewish,  and  let  those  v/ho  believe  that  Israel  will  cease  to 
exist  ]narvel  upon  seeing  small  and  large  articles,  which  can  only  be  pro- 
duced by  youthful  hands  and  sound  minds. 

II  B  1  c  (5)  -  2  -  JgWISE 

II  A  3  C 

I  C  Daily  Jewish  Courier^  Feb.  19,  1914. 

We  who  believe  and  know  that  the  Jevash  people  live  like  other  peoples, 
having  their  ovm  originality,  their  Oivn  concepts,  their  own  aesthetics, 
knew  beforehand  what  we  could  see  at  a  Jewish  art  exhibit.  V/e  understood, 
for  example,  that  a  design  made  by  a  Jewish  artist  for  a  carpet  would  not 
show  Jupiter  bringing  thunder  upon  the  world  or  Prometheus  stealing  sacred 
fire.   iVe  had  a  feeling,  and  so  it  was,  that  a  Jewish  carpet  designed  by  a 
Jewish  artist  represents  a  Garden  of  iSden  where  the  most  beautiful  trees 
yield  on  their  branches  the  fruit  v^ith  which  the  Jev/ish  land  is  blessed 
and  in  whose  shadows  colorful  peacocks  promenade,  proudly  displaying  the 
splendor  of  their  rich  feathers,  with  which  God  blessed  them.  Upon  scru- 
tinizing this  pattern,  one  unconsciously  feels  the  appeasing  solemn  spirit 
that  flows  from  the  roses  of  Palestine  and  from  the  lilies  of  Sharon. 

Here  we  hold  in  our  hands  a  piece  of  art  carved  in  silver,  another  design 
by  a  Jewish  master  of  art.   It  is  understood  that  on  no  model  swords  and 
guns  can  be  found.  On  this  there  are  no  armed  huntsmen  who  lie  in  wait  for 
animals  which  are  trapped  with  the  aid  of  trumpets  and  drums  by  huntsmen  to 
whom  bloodshed  is  a  pleasure.  The  Jewish  artist  portrays  a  rising  sun  whose 

II  B  1  c  (5)  -  3  -  JEi/ISK 

II  A  3  c 

I  C  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Feb.  19,  1914. 

rays  shine  upon  an  aged  but  vigorous  man  who  tills  the  soil  that  absorbs  the 
seeds  of  nutrition  for  the  world.   It  is  wonderful  how  this  old  man  stands 
before  the  sun,  his  aged  eyes  bein/.^  strong  enough  to  endure  the  powerful  rays 
of  a  Palestine  sun;  that  Jevj  does  not  fear  sunshine. 

Then  our  eyes  were  arrested  by  a  oicture,  not  painted  but  woven.   It  differs 
little,  however,  for  the  thouglit  is  just  as  well  conveyed  through  the  dif- 
ferent-colored threads  as  it  would  have  been  tlirough  paints.  And  what  do  you 
suppose  does  such  a  Jev/ish  artist  express?  It  is  so  originally  Jewish  that 
It  is  worth  a  great  deal  of  laeditation,  because  graves  are  not  originally 
Jewish  concepts,  although  they  are  plentiful  in  Palestine;  the  Jewish  artist 
did  not  depict  ruins,  although  the  Jewish  Land  Is  full  of  them.  Graves  and 
ruins  can  find  no  niche  in  the  mind  of  a  Jewish  artist  who  is  full  of  hopes. 
An  original  model  by  a  Je;vish  artist  Is  a  beautiful,  prosperous  city  v;here 
Ilia  and  enjoyment  prevail;  where  the  youth  dance  and  the  old  folk  play; 
where  11^* ht  and  life,  repose  and  contentment  are  in  every  corner. 

1^    y 

II  B  1  c    (3) 

II  A  3  c 
I  C 

'     4:     - 

Daily  Jevjish  Courier,   Feb.   19,    1914 


And  just  study  a  bedecked  Je'vish  crov/n.  One  of  them  is  at  the  art  exhibit. 
How  it  differs  from  a  non-Jewish  one.   First  of  all,  it  isn't  lar.^e  enough 
to  fit  a  human  head.   The  Jewish  artist  cannot  even  picture  a  cro^vn  being 
an  object  that  a  hurrian  head  is  entitled  to  wear.   In  accordance  v/ith  the 
Jewish  c^oncept,  a  crown  can  only  be  placed  upon  a  Sephar  Torah  Scrolls  of 
the  Law/  and  the  design  of  a  Je?;ish  crovm  does  not  syrribolize  the  sword  of 
justice,  nor  the  cudgel  of  force.  The  Jewish  crown  is  adorned  with  Stars 
of  David,  the  six-pointed  stars  that  irradiate  and  protect  those  who  jeelc 
light  and  protection. 

And  so  are  all  the  countless  articles  typically  Jewish,  and  there  is  no  ^ 
reason  v;hy  a  Jev;  should  become  astonished  upon  visiting  the  exhibit.  One 
can  hov/ever  be  justified  in  marveling  at  the  side  remarks  by  the  various 
attendants  of  all  sorts  of  classes. 

II  B  1  c  (3)  -  5  -  JEy/ISH 

II  A  3  c 

I  C  Dally  Jewish  Courier,  Feb.  19,  1914. 

A  discussion,  which  took  place  among  fiery  Zionists,  in  which  one  attempted 
to  oubreirgue  another,  was  brought  to  ouv  attention.  One  reasoned  that  the 
Bezalel  School  is  the  cradle  of  the  Jevyish  people,  who  will  in  due  time 
grow  into  a  giant  and  become  equal  with  all  other  nations  of  the  world. 
Another  one  speaks  his  mind,  proving  that  the  Bezalel  Exhibit  is  the 
resurrection  of  the  Jewish  people  and  it  is  veritable  evidence  that  Jews 
will  again  come  to  power  like  the  Bulgarians,  Greeks,  and  others.  Poor 
Zionists,  hov/  little  they  understand  the  Jev/ish  race.  They  are  unaware  of 
the  fact  that  Jews  have  never  become  extinct  and  therefore  need  not  look 
forward  to  a  resurrection;  they  know  not  that  the  children  of  Judah  need 
no  cradle  nor  are  they  in  want  of  growth.  They  are  gigantic  enough  as  they 
are,  and  healthy  enough  physically  and  spiritually. 

This  was  the  only  surprise  we  encountered  at  the  exhibit.  But,  we  must  say 
that  we  have  noticed  that  something  is  missing  at  the  exhibit  and  through 
its  absence  it  renders  the  entire  exhibit  like  a  soul  without  a  body. 

II  B  1  c  (5)  -  6  -  J3WISH 

II  A  3  c 

I  C  Daily  Jevdsh  Courier.  Feb.  19,  1514. 

The  great  flaw  that  projected  from  the  exhibit  was  that  we  have  not  in 
Chicago,  nor  probably  in  th^  whole  of  America, a  Jew  v/ith  Jewish  inspiration, 
with  a  true  Jev/ish  conception.  Nearly  all  of  the  attendants  at  the  ex- 
hibit viewed  the  objects  with  non-Jev/ish  eyes,  iilvery  article  was  compared 
with  a  similar  article  made  in  an  nmerican  factory  or  by  an  ^^merican  artist. 

Before  us  stood  tv;o  women,  wealthy  Jeivish  women  of  Chicago,  v;ho  apparently 
were  critics  of  art.  They  have  ample  time  to  pay  visits  to  Chicago's  art 
camps,  where  artistic  work  of  many  peoples  from  all  parts  of  the  world,  is 
sold.  They  were  diligently  examining  one  of  the  most  valuable  carpets  pro- 
duced by  the  Bezalel  School.  They  spoke  of  the  softness  of  the  materials;  of 
the  harmonious  mixture  of  colors;  of  the  refined  lustre  that  is  reflected 
by  the  artistic  weaving::;  of  the  tenderness  of  the  erect  edges;  every  partic- 
ular is  discussed  as  if  by  great  critics,  but  about  the  essence,  about  the 
typically  Jewish  original  model,  not  a  wo3rd.  The  pattern  :vhich  is  the  es- 
sence of  the  carpet,  ii*iich  casts  forth  its  individual  greatness,  receives 
no  one's  attention.  vVhen  someone  decides  to  purchase  a  carpet,  he  or  she 

ftf.n.  !^ii 

II  B  1 
!-»-  A  3  c 
I  C 

c  (3) 

^  1  ^ 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Feb.  19,  1914, 


Tvlll  then  see  If  the  design  on  the  carpet,  made  by  a  Jexvlsh  artist,  matches 
the  wall  paper,  fuimlture,  or  other  decorations  which  were  designed  and 
planned  by  a  non- Jewish  decorator. 

The  exhibit  was  short  of  visitors  with  Jewish  concepts,  with  Jewish  aesthetlcs,p 
with  people  whose  homes  are  strictly  Jewish,  where  Jewish  designs  on  carpets 
should  not  Interfere  with  harmony;  where  an  ornament  bearing  a  Jewish  de- 
sign should  not  look  like  an  orphan. 

And  this  will  always  be  missing  at  a  Jewish  exhibit,  as  long  as  there  can 
be  no  Jewish  environment,  as  can  only  exist  in  a  Jewish  Homeland. 

II  B  1  c  (5 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Feb.  12,  1914.        WP/i  (iLL.)  PP0^''n?7t 

Yesterday  a  few  hundred  people  greeted  the  opening  of  the  Bezalel  Exhibit  in 
Sinai  Center,  46th  Street  and  Grand  Boulevard.  Many  proMnent  Jewish  civic 
leaders,  who  were  among  the  guests,  were  the  first  ones  to  purchase  Jewish 
antiques  produced  in  the  Jewish  homeland  by  Jewish  artists. 

Jews  representing  practically  every  stratum  of  the  Chicago  Jewry  were  present 
among  them,  lirs.  Rosenwald,  the  mother  of  Julius  Rosenv/ald,  and  her  daughter. 
Miss  Isenstradt;  llr.   and  lJrs#  H.A.  Loeb;  Judge  and  Ltps.  Julian  V/.  Llack; 
Professor  Kolin;  Dr.  and  lirs.  Stolz;  Ltr.  and  -vlrs.  Greensburg;  LIr.  and  Ifrs. 
Israel  Cowen;  Dr.  Yudelson;  I^.  and  Ilrs.  Isenstein;  Judge  Hugo  Palm;  I.B. 
Lipson;  D.  Hecht;  I.Irs.  Flsh;I.Iax  Cler,  and  a  committee  representing  the 
council  of  Jev/ish  women. 

The  first  patronizer  of  Jewish  art  was  the  mother  of  ISp.  Rosenwald,  the  famous 


-  2  -  jir.yisH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Feb.  12,  1914.         ^^  (/a.)  Psn, 

philanthropist;  and  the  second  was  her  dau^htor,  Ivlrs*  Nathan  D.  Caplan.  A 
great  number  of  visitors  followed  the  precedent  set  down  by  the  first  two  buyers, 
and  Professor  Shatz  was  immediately  in  receipt  of  many  offers  for  his  artistic 

The  crowd  was  immensely  pleased  v/ith  these  specimens  of  Jewish  art,  which  are  being 
displayed  for  the  first  time  in  Chicago.  3very  person  left  the  exhibit  satisfied 
at  having  witnessed  the  f^reat  strides  made  by  Jev/ish  artists  in  so  short  a  period. 

The  exhibit  itself  was  a  beautiful  sight  which  enraptured  everyone.  Costly 
oriental  rugs  were  displayed  in  all  corners  and  knitted  and  weaved  articles 
represented  Jewish  biblical  scenes.  On  one  small  carpet  there  v/as  a  picture 
of  a  meditative  shepherd  leaning  on  his  staff  and  keeping  watch  over  his  sheep. 
Other  carpets  bore  different  Jev;ish  pictures.  The  croivd,  v/ho  stood  discussing 
the  significance  of  these  pictures,  was  momentarily  carried  back  to  Jewish 
biblical  times. 

-  3  -  J?.7ISH 

Dally  Jewish  Courier.  Feb.  12,  1914.       ^Pf^  (illi  Pf^Ci  w-j-rt 

Later  in  the  evening  the  crowd  was  augmented  by  more  visitors.  A  great  number 
of  Jews  from  the  V/est  Side  did  not  v/ait  until  the  exhibit  had  gone  to  them,  but 
came  to  it#  This  also  brought  together  many  Jews  from  various  sections  of  the 
city,  who  came  to  witness  the  fine  artistic  work  of  the  Bezalel  School. 

In  the  early  part  of  the  evening,  the  religious  group  made  Professor  Slietz  the 
center  of  their  attention.  V/ith  a  pleasant  smile  the  professor  received  the 
men  an~  women  who  came  to  introduce  themselves.  A  v?ry  busy  man,  v;ith  long 
black  h%ir  through  which  there  could  be  detected  some  silver  threads,  the 
professor  fluttered  to  and  fro  and,  cliiabing  to  the  stage  with  agility  of  a 
youngster,  described  the  articles  to  the  prospective  buyers. 

V/hen  the  crowd  drew  close  to  the  sta^e,  they  saw  a  richly  decorated  four- 
comsred  glass  case  which  attracted  their  attention.  The  card  on  it  bore  the 
name  of  Nathan  Strauss,  who  bought  it.  The  glass  case  was  the  xvork  of  Borris 
Shatz  himself. 

-  4  - 

Daily  Jewis/i  Courier,  Feb.  12,  1914 

V/hen  the  Courier ^s  reporter  left  the  exhibit,  a  long  row  of  automobiles  were 
parked  around  the  temple  and  throngs  v;ere  still  trying  to  enter  it*  At  the 
time  a  moderate  wind  was  blowing  over  the  quiet  boulevard,  just  the  right 
setting  for  the  imagination  to  v^^ander  off  to  those  far  away  places  where  Jewish 
artists  are  still  creating  such  artistic  masterpieces. 

II  B  1  c   (g)  IM^ 

I  H 

^  Daily  Jev:ish  Courier.  IIov.   27,   1913. 

H3V;  YOHK^vJ  J-];;iSH  SIIiilFF  .±  GUjIJT  ni  CHICAGO 

lilr.   Griff enhogan,  v:lio  v/as  elected  a  sheriff  in  ITev;  York^s  last  election, 
is  Chicago's  guest.     He  has  visited  inany  Chicago  Jev/ish  civic  \vorkers 
to  faniliarize  himself  with  social  v:ork. 

At  a  bountiful  dinner,  given  in  L'r.  G-riffenhogan's  honor  by  LIr.  Henry 
Frind,  he  was  introduced  to  the  officials  of  Chicago  and  Cook  County, 
llr.  Llichael  ^irpxier,  Sheriff  of  Cook  County,  and  l'!r.  Anthony  Cermak, 
bailiff  of  the  Municipal  Court,  escorted  Llr.  Griffenhogan  through  city 
and  county  institutions. 

-  2  -  JEV/I3H 

Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  Nov.   27,   1913. 

-Among  those  attending  the  dinner  v;ere:  Con'-ressman  *^,  J.  Sabath,  Judge 
Joseph  Sabath,  Judge  Harry  11.  Fisher,  Sheriff  Zimner,  Bailiff  Cermak,  and 
Mr.  A.  Levi,  a  nephev;  of  I.Ir.  Griffenhogan. 

Lir.  B.  Hon'/itch,  an  old  friend  of  L'r.  Griffenhogan,  acquainted  him  with 
Je-.vish  Chicago  and  its  activities. 

55,V  °  (^)                                            JEWISH 
III  C      -  •  

17         ' 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  3ept.  29>  1913» 


Yesterday  the  Chicago  Jewry  celebrated  with  extreme  enthusiasm,  music 

and  speeches,  the  consecration  of  the  largest  and  most  beautiful  synagogue 

in  America* 

Thousands  of  men,  women  and  children  participated  in  the  great  festival 
and  by  their  presence  they  added  a  real  Jewish  color  to  the  beautiful 
neighborhood,  where  the  synagogue  was  built,  on  Douglas  Blvd. 

The  automobile  parade,  arranged  by  the  Zionist  organization,  the  Volunteers 
of  Zion  and  Monte  Fiore  Guards,  was  a  grand  spectacle.  The  order  was 
better  than  expected  and  everything  was  carried  through  with  great  tact 
and  punctuality • 

-  2  -  JE;7ISHs>c/   ^' 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Sept,  29>  1913« 

About  2x00  p.  m.,  the  President,  Mr»  H*  M»  Bariiet,  called  the  meeting 
to  order  and  Rap'pi  Ephraim  Epstein,  of  the  synagogue,  recited  a  laconic 
prayer*  Then  the  president  introduced  the  chairman  of  the  Consecration  Com- 
mittee, Mr.  A.  J»  Hadis,  who  introduced  llr.  U.   Solk,  chairman  of  the 
Building  Committee. 

The  following  delivered  inspiring  talks:  Rabbis  2sriel  Epstein,  A.  B» 
Coldenson,  Saul  Silber,  Ruben  Mushkin,  and  Judges  Hugo  Palm  and  Harry 

The  consecration  ceremonies  lasted  until  9^00  p.  m.,  after  which  a  large 
sum  was  raised  for  the  synagogue^ 

Sr  II  B  1  c  (3) 

:  :  I  C 

Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Observer.  November  1912# 



/  ! 


y     • 

The  Weekly  Social  Dance. 


Among  the  many  noteworthy  features  at  the  Institute  is  the  weekly 
social  dance,  in  the  large  hall*   It  is  not  only  one  of  the  most  popular    ^ 
activities  of  the  Institute,  but  also  one  of  the  most  wholesome  and  benefi-   J 
\.  "     cial  recreational  interests  there e 

\  In  the  first  place,  the  dance  brings  the  young  people  of  the  West 

'I       Side  together  socially*  And  this  is  no  mean  benefit*   The  decent  young 

people  of  this  neighborhood  are  socially  starved.  Por  there  is  no  other  place 
where  the  youth  who  does  not  care  to  go  to  the  cheep  dance-hall  can  spend 
their  eveidngs*   They  have  no  opportunity  to  mingle  socially  with  those  who 
regard  them  as  their  social  equals* 

In  most  cases  our  immigrants »  who  constitute  an  important  element 
at  these  dances,  were  brought  here  by  industrietl  exigencies*  People*  in  the 
same  factory,  or  living  in  the  same  house  hail  from  different  parts  of  the 
.  fP?l^§»  ^^^9   thust  strangers  to  one  another,  they  look  with  distrust  upon 



.  .  f  ■  ■ 

.  .^:^  .-:i._ 



Page  2. 



Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Observer,  Kovember  1912.  -^ 

their  neighbors  and  are  so  looked  upon*  Here,  then,  there  can  be  little  _ 
chance  for  social  intercourse.  Where  shall  they  turn  for  the  satisfaction  ^ 
of  their  social  instincts? 

Says  Miss  Jane  Addams,  in  her  Spirit  of  Youth  and  the  City  Streets: 

i  "One  of  the  most  pathetic  sights  in  the  public  dance-halls  of  Chicago 

is  the  number  of  young  men,  obviously  honest  young  fellows,  who  stand  about 
vainly  hoping  to  make  the  acquaintance  of  some  nice  girl^  They  look  eagerly 
up 'and  down  the  rows  of  girls,  many  of  whom  are  drawn  to  the  hall  by  the  same 
keen  desire  for  pleasure  and  social  intercourse  which  the  lonely  young  men         I 
themselves  feel. 

The  Hebrew  Institute,  therefore,  by  getting  up  these  social  dances, 
is  rendf^ring  a  great  service  to  the  community*  At  these  dances,  he  who  cares 

can  meet  people,  make  friends,  and  acquire  those  small  social  amenities,  the 

Page  3, 

JBfflSH     i 

▼alu9  of  which  all  of  us  appreciate •  Thus*  not  only  does  the  dance  occasion 
afford  instruction  in  the  Rules  of  Etiquette  and  Oood  Behavior,  but  the    o 
chaperonage  of  several  committees  of  the  Institute,  a  paid  person  on  the   i^ 
floor,  and  the  suarveillance  every  now  and  then  of  a  detective  to  safeguard  S 
the  young  people,  as  it  has  never  occurred  to  those  who  make  profit  out  of  ^ 
this  invincihle  love  of  pleasure  to  do  this  for  our  youth  in  their  public 
dance  halls •   A  visit  to  one  of  the  Sat\irday  evening  dances  will  convince 
any  visitor  at  once  how  definite  a  function  this  novel  activity  fulfills,  add 
how  it  is  possible  by  adequate  care  to  safeguard  it  against  the  perils  atten- 
dant upon  it  where  it  is  run  for  private  profits 

A. P.  Drucker. 

II  B  1  c  C^) 
II  D  10 


Coarler   Dec*  26*  I9II 
Theodor  Herz^  Ladies  Aid  Society 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30276 

We  are  the  only  society  nhich  responds  quickly  with  relief  to  the  needy*  As 
soon  as  we  hear  of  anyone  in  need  of  relief*  We  immediately  get  htu3y* 
Therefore  we  appeal  to  onr  Sisters,  Brothers  and  friends  who  possess  a  Jewish 
heart  and  Jewish  sympathy  to  help  us  supply  the  tmf or ttinate  needy  ones  with  the 
necessities  of  life  this  winter*  Oar  treasury  at  present  is  almost  empty,  and 
we  have  decided  to  give  a  benefit  ball  in  order  to  raise  sufficient  money 
for  the  poor  and  needy  this  winter*  We  appeal  to  you  again  to  help  us  make 
this  ball  a  successi  by  as  many  tickets  as  you  can  for  by  so  doing  you  will  help 
us  take  care  of  all  who  come  to  us  for  help  and  we  will  not  have  to  turn  away  the 
the  poor  who  eppeal  for  help*  The  ball  will  take  place  Satiirday  evening, 
Dec*  30th  at  the  Illinois  Hall,  Madison  and  Ogden  Sts*  We  assure  the  public  a 
most  enjoyable  evening*  We  hope  that  you  will  all  come  and  help  us  make  this  a 
success*  Music  by  Teller's  orchestra.     Tours  Hespecffully 

Sarah  Lipschits,  President,  Minnie  Zlskind,  chairman,  Lena  Lerman,  Ball  chairman, 
Sarah  Grawick,  Treasurer,  Lena  Sack&eim,  Secretary* 

tr-        J 

II  B  2  g 

II  S  1  a 


WPA  (rLUPROJ.302?i 

Courier,  Decemter  o,  1911* 
Chicago's  Cook  Pot 

Under  the  aus'cices  of  the  He1:re\7  Institute,   »iion:en's   Ciuo,     a  Eaxiukah 
Festival  for  Je^vish  children  will  be  given, in  which  all  Sahbath  school  children 
will  participate*     Tliis  program  7.-111  consist  of  ;oeveral  m-jsical  niimbersi   livirig 
plctiires  of  EanakaJi  History,    etc.t   all  under  the  s"'Jipervislon  of  Miss  Ease 
Bloom*       !?he   Connittet  fc*^  tl-.e  Entertainrient  consists  of  the  fcllowi:'ig  ladies: 

IkTZm    !•&.    Grossterg,     llrs,   !•   Grinsher^,  Mrs.   I,   Lasker,  lirs*   Itahiner, 
Urs.   Gold,  l^rs,  liendel  Shur,  iirs*  J#    i7ien*ber^",  lirs.   G.LI.   Gla^er,  Mrs.   Chas.  Lev^% 
and  llrs*  BenJaJTiin  Davis* 

Tlie  He  "brew  Institute  v;ill  h^ve  a  general  discussion  next;,.'-,  for  the 
To-jing  Lien's   Cluh  of  the  Institute.       Lir.   Harry  A.   Lipskj'  will  act  as   Chairrian, 
and  Messrs.  B.   Hurovlts,  ITathan  D.   Kaplan,    and  Jacoh  Lerhosky  will  address  the 

^       *>    .» 

II  3  1  c 


II  3  2  g 

II  5  1  a 

III  a 

WPA  (ILL.)  PROj.  302:75 

Chic.-.oO^s  Cook  Pot 

audience*     ^I?he  tirasical-program  will  be  rendered  by  the  r:>llowirjg  players; 

lulss  Joiinie  Liebson,   Fiano  Sole;     Llisc  ILzte  Berfe^.r;,   7ocal  Solo; 
Miss  Hose  Vito,   Violin  Solo;    and  Llr.    Otto  I/iillard,   Vocal  Solo* 

The  Lavrndale  Club,  3522  Douglas  Blvd.,    is  givirig.  a  ii:c-;:t  enjoyable 
musical  entertr-lnnient   this  evening,   for  its  nenbers  and  friends. 

Ihe  He  settlement  Committee  to  which  several  Jewish  T7omen  urere  ap- 
pointed Ir-st  Spring,  became  a  permajient   institution*     Its  raain  activities  will 
be:     Assisting  the  innigrants  rrith  their  night- schools,   vja^'os,  businesses,   etc. 
Tliis  conimittee  \7ill  also  advise  them  Low  to  bring  their  families  from  other 
countries  to  the  United  States,   and  iouk  after  their  welf ra^e  and  comfortf   after 
they  arrive'  here* 

-  ■  V,-     *£.■''..  .     '.  .v\ 

-  •  .^age  3. 

II  2  1  c   (3) 
II  £  2  g 

■  II  2  1  a 

.  ^       '       '  ap  ^K  M  x^ 

1:   •    .J  Cc-jrier>   Decemloer  3,   19II. 

There  vrill  "be  an  office   in  the  Mebrev/  Int;titute  for   this  project,    \?hich 
(^J       will  "be  open  eTery   Sunday  from  10  Ai<l,   to  IS-Hoon.     Headquarters  will  >^e  open 
^.ij'       every  !Ihiesd£iy  eveniiig  at  7^3  Plymouth  Co^.irt. 

lirs.  Julius  Stone  is   Chairman  of  this  Committee,  and  Miss  Julia  Pelsenthal^ 


n  B  1  c  (^) 
rr  D  4 


Courier  Hov*  28,  I9II 

Chicago's  Jewish  Anntial  Ball.  This  hall  is  the  only  public  affair  is  which 
Chicago  Jews  will  have  the  opporttmity  to  get  together  with  their  wires, 
sons  and  daughters  and  enjoy  a  truly  enjoyable  Jewish  evening  in  an  up  to  date 

This  ball  must  bring  in  enongh  money  to  build  the  new  home  in  Chicago  for 
the  200  Jewish  orphans.  The  24th  of  December  is  the  day  of  the  ball  at  the 
Colosseum  and  we  expect  the  Jews  of  Chicago  to  come  to  the  ball  in  masses  and 
thereby  assure  the  building  of  the  orphans  homOf  which  will  be  called  the 
Marks  Nathai  Jewish  Orphan  home* 

II'  B  1  c  (3)  jg;risH 

'III  B  \/;DA  /!•  I  )  on;u   v,^97l 

Courier,  November  17 t  I9II 

The  open  dances  at  the  Hebrer  Institute  are  meeting  with  great  success. 
They  attract  a  predominantly  Jewish  element  to  the  Institute,  and  for  the  small 
fee  the  young  people  are  able  to  spend  a  pleasant  evening  in  a  healthy  and  clean 
•atmosphere.   The  third  open  dance  will  take  place  tomorrow  evening. 

Uext  Sunday  at  the  Institute  the  third  series  of  Svmday  Concerts  will  take 
place  under  the  direction  of  Alexander  Zukowsky. 


The  Lawndale  Club,  33-2  Douglas  Blvd.,  is  giving  a  Reception  tonight  in  honor 
of  the  young  Sculptor,  I.A#  Davidson. 

Stereoptican  pict^jtres  of  Palestine  Colonies  will  be  the  main  feature  of  the 
large  Program  next  Sunday.   The  well-laiown  children  of  Cantor  Woldousky  and  Cantor 
Woldousky  and  Cantor  Reichlin  will  conduct  part  of  the  program  of  the  Zionist  or- 
ganization in  the  Molner  Symigogue,  2126  Central  Street.    Eabbi  Morris  Levin  and 
other  speakers  will  address  the  audience. 

II   B   1  o    (5) 
il  D  1 

(T^cheiden  II  D  1) 


V/^*A  0\.i  ,  pvf     -i-7; 

Ccurier^   ITcv.    1,    I9ll» 


Thfe  Bcheriicn  Charity  -risscciaticn  is   [jiving  its   ym^ual  ball  this   evening  at 
th^  pilsen  pavilicn,   26th  St»   and  Albany  Ave.      Tliis  ball  is   the  seocnd  ann- 
ual  ball  since  the  cr^^-^izaticn  cf  this   charitable  instituticn. 

It  is   assured  by  the  heads  cf  tlie  cr^ejiizaticn  tiiat  this  will  be  one  of  the 
nicst  enjoyable  affairs  cf  the  season.     Me  ojiticipate  a  ^reat  Jewish  attend- 
cjice.      .^acng  the  lacst   honored  guests  will  be  cur  h'cn«  Mayor  harriscn.    Con- 
gressHon  Sabl  ath  end  Judge  Joseph  Sebbath. 

II   B  1  c    (5) 

II  D 


^PA  rn.L  \  r^-v  /  ^r":-vt. 

Courier,   Cot.   27,    IDll. 


The  Charity  Bal-  of  the  Jev;ish  Ccnsumptive  Relief  Society,   ivhich  will  take 
place  next  Sunday  evening  the  29th,    at  the  First  Ren-iiaent  ilriuory,   proi-dses  to 
be  cne  of  the  mcst   enjcyeble  affairs   cf  the  season.     V/e  appreciate   end  thank 
the  ladies  v;lic  v;crk  so  untiringly  for  this  lacst  vj-orthy  society. 

All  Lex  seats   in  the  alrnory  v:ere   sold  out   Icnj  before  this  undertaking,    end 
the  following  are  the  prcninent  persons  v;ho  bought  the  box  seats i      Hon.   Hugo 
pojii,    ::cngressirj5Ji   A*    j/  Sebbath,  \ezark  L.    Bcrmsh,   ::.   T*    rirenner,   Henry  Hur- 
vitz,^/ Joseph,   David  Sol  Clapter,    B.   Lcef,  ::rs.   A.    LiebermDn,   A.  Largolis, 
H.   Llolner,   !.:/•    Joseph  pldllipson,   Saia  phillipson,   A.   S.   Roe,    B.    J.    Schiff, 
Person  ena  Davis,   Glasier  er.d  Pordses,    E-  W.   Steele,  H.   Taver,   Sei^iuel 
\7clffson,    J.  V/eissenberg,    I.   Ferc^uson  and  A.   Aines. 

The  charitable   ladies  v/hc   participated  in  this  undertaking  are  as   follov/s: 
Mrs.  H.   Tever,    B.   Ferson,    B.   Baun^arden,   ::.    Goldnsn,   David  S.    Clapter, 
B.    J.   Schiff,   A.  Margolis,   R.   Lippert,   S.   B.   Levy,    S.    Greenberg,    I.  Harx, 
L*   S.   Barnett,  !:iss   Jennie  Alexander,   and  Etta  Grobiner. 


n  B  1  c  (3) 

I  A  2  a 

I  D  2  a  (2)  JSWISE 

WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30275 
Courier.  June  10,  I9IO. 

The  Public  Cook  Pot. 

Star  Auxiliar^,^  presents  a  new  Japanese  dance.  -  Graduation  at  the  Dehorah 
Sabhath  School.  -  Deborah  Boys  Cluh  in  new  headquarters.  -  "Hehrew  Teachers 
Sroup,"  -  "Young  Nationalists."  -  "The  Lay  of  the  Land."  -  Womens  Trade  Union 
■  League.  -  Sunda^^  excursion  ajid  picnics.  -  Congratulation  to  S.  B.  Komaiko. 

A  new  Japanese  dance  will  iDe  presented  oy  the  Star  Auxiliary  of  the  Marks 
Nathan  Home,  tomorrow  evening,  June  11,  at  the  Illinois  Hall.   Two  prizes 
will  he  ay/arded  to  two  people  wearing  the  prettiest  costumes.  This  organiza- 
tion has  a  memhership  of  more  than  I50  women  actively  engaged  in  helping  the 
Marks  Nathan  Home.   Tomorrow's  dance  will  be  their  fourth  arjiual  celebration 
of  this  kind.  All  previous  affairs  were  highly  successful. 

The  Deborah  Sabbath  School  of  the  First  Rumanian  Congregation  invites  everj^- 
body  to  their  fourth  graduation  exercises  together  with  an  entertainment  at 




II  3  1  c   (3) 

I  A  2  a 

I  D  2  a    (2)  ■  £5!lISH 

Courier,   J-one  10,   ISIO.  WP;i  (ILL)  PROJ.  3G275 

which  will  "be  precented  the  much  liked  play,    "fjaoni  and  Ruth"  -  Tuesday, 
June  7,   at  the  Hull  House  Auditorium,   corner  Fol>  and  Halsted. 


The  Detorah  Boys  Clut  has  moved  into  its  new  headquarters  at  UoUU  Prairie 
Ave.  With  additional  members  that  have  heen  appointed  to  the  staff,  the  fu- 
ture activity  of  this  group  promises  to  "be  highly  constructive  in  the  charac- 
ter "building  of  our  youth. 

The'  Hebrew  Teachers  Group  of  Chicago  will  have  a  meeting  at  the  school  of 
Mr.  Abrahams,  I5OI  Park  Ave.  at  Robey.  The  constitution  of  the  group  will 
be  read.  It  is  important  that  all  interested  should  be  present. 

The  Young  Rationalists,  a  group  of  young  Jewish  people,  will  give  a  literarj^ 
and  imisical  entertainment  tomorrow  evening  at  eight  at  the  Annex  Hall  of  the 

Page  3 

I   •  n  3  1  c  (3) 

I  A  1  a 
•   '  'l  D  2  a  (2)  jawISH 

Courier,  Jwae   10,  I9IO.  Y^'PA  (fJ.Lj  Poq/  3^. 

Chicago  Hebrew  Institute.   The  Cluh  holds  its  meetings  every  Saturday 
arvening  and  everyhod^r  is  invited  to  attend. 

The  Post  Office  Clerks  Association  will  hold  its  annual  excursion  and  pic- 
nic in  Glenwood  Park  on  the  Fotl   River  near  Batavia.  Eight  special  trains  on 
the  Elgin  and  Chicago  Railroads  have  "been  chartered.  Many  games  and  prizes 
are  scheduled  and  a  good  time  is  assured  the  post-office  clerks  and  their 
families.  Round- trip  tickets  and  admission  to  the  Park  are  50^ • 

The  Courier  has  this  week,  announced  the  engagement  of  Mr,  S.  B.  Komaiko  to 
Miss  Pauline  Stein  of  West  Pullman,  Mr,  Komaiko  is  siafficiently  acquainted 
to  the  readers  of  the  Courier  "by  his  literary  contributions  to  make  it  su- 
perfluous for  us  to  further  praise  him.  The  Daily  Courier  taJces  this  oppor- 
tunity^ to  congratulate  the  happy  couple. 

(Signed)  The  Cook-Spoon, 

II  B  1  C   (3^ 
•I  E 





Courier,  !L!ay  20,   1910. 
Baxiquet   ir  hcmor  of  Mr*  Adolph  Krause* 

The  Chicago  Lodge  of  the  order  P^nai  B'^rith  celebrated  the  re-electicn  of 
their  Grand  ^fester,  Mr.  Adolph  Krause  to  that  office  with  a  very  impressive 
banquet  yesterday  evening. 

The   banquet  which  was  one  of  the  most  elaborate  ever  given  by  our  Germaii  Jews, 
took  place  at  the  Hotel  La  Salle.     Mr.  Hugo   Sorjaenschein  was  toast-^naster.     Mr. 
A.   P.   Zelenfreund,  the  Grand  Secretary  of  the  order  B*nai  P'rith  spoke  of  the 
virtues  of  the  orgaiiizetlcn  comparing  favorably  with  the  'Jorld  Zionist  Congress 

Mr.   San^uel  Alschulei    spoke  on  the   life  of  Mr.  Krause,   end  being  Mr.  Krause*  s 
business  partner,  be  v/as  very  well  able  to   speak  on  the  far  flung  activities  of 
Mr.   Krause.     Congratulatory  telegrams  were  received  from  all  the   lodges  of  the 
Middle  Western  States.     The  V/est  Side  Jews  were  represented  at  the  banquet  by 
iCr.   B.  Horwich,   Leon  Zolotkoff ,   end  Mr.   S.   B.  Komaiko. 

II  B  1  c  (3) 
II  D  1 

Courier,  May  9,  I910. 

Lileu;  Party  and  Dance  sponsored  by  West  Side  Ladies  Society.-  - 

To  be  held  on  May  lUth  at  the  Illinois  Hall,  Madison  and  Ogden  Ave.  The 
affair  promises  to  be  the  largest  of  the  season. 

The  West  Side  Ladies  Charity  Society  is  sufficiently  well  known  to  Chicago 
for  us  to  espouse  their  virtues.  It  is  an  organization  of  Jewish  women  whose 
sole  purpose  is  to  lighten  the  burden  of  the  unfortunate  poor  and  help  them 
wherever  possible.  As  is  well  known  to  people  engaged  in  charity  work,  the 
outlay  is  always  greater  than  the  intake.  Therefore,  this  Party  and  Dance  is 
being  run  to  help  defray  the  expenses  of  their  worthy  charitable  works. 
The  many  necessary  committees  have  been  organized,  and  the  affair  promises 
to  be  highly  successful.  Our  West  Side  public  is  cordially  invited  to  at- 

II  B  1  c  (3)  JEIMSH 

II  D  6 

WPA  (ILL)PROJ.302;b 

Courier.  May  9,  1910, 

Nei^torhood  Play  Festival. 

Last  Saturday's  Play  Festival  scheduled  at  West  Park  No,  1,  was  put  off 
until  this  Wednesday  hecause  of  last  Saturday's  heavy  rain.  The  program 
will  he  as  originally  scheduled.  The  Jewish  part  of  the  program  is  heing 
conducted  hy  the  Northwestern  University  Settlement.  The  program  promises 
to  he  highly  interesting  and  everyhody  living  on  the  Northwest  Side  is  in- 


II  B  1  c  (3) 
I  E 


WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30275 

Courier.  May  8,  I9IO. 

Past  Commanders  Association.  Order  Knights  of  Joseph. 


We  wish  to  inform  our  worthy  public  that  we  art  having  a  minstrel  show  of 
U5  participants  entertaining  us  at  our  Entertainment  and  Ball  to  "be  given 
tonight  at  the  West  Side  Auditorium,  12th  and  Center  St. 


We  assure  you  a  most  pleasant  evening  of  joy  »nd  entertainment.  The  actors, 
who  have,  incidentally,  made  their  own  costumes  have  assured  us  that  they 
will  spare  nothing  to  entertain  our  public.   Come  and  see  what  Past  Command- 
ers can  do  in  the  way  of  providing  for  your  entertainment. 

(Signed)   The  Committee, 


u    I- 

II  3  1  c  n) 
II  B  1  d 


W?h  (ILL)  PRO  J.  30275 

Courier.  Aoril  3,  I9IO 

Jev'ish  Dramatic  League 
(For  a  clean  Yiddish  3to£i) 

A  lar^;,e  literary  and  mnsical  eveninr;;  has  been  arranged  "by  the 
Jewish  Dra-^.atic  Lea^i^e  Sat^irday  evening',  Aoril  9^''^  ^^  ^-®  Hebrew.' 

Tv'o  sketches,  recitations,  anc  reacin^-^s  of  the  best  poets. 
Also  a  ridi  musical  program.   Ten  cents  adinission. 


•  tt  B  1  C  (3) 
TTtTS  VJPAlllUPROJ.  30275 

The  Dally  Jewish  Courier.  October  l6th,  1908. 


One  of  the  grandest  balls  will  take  place  "Slmchath  Torah"  in  the 
luxurious  hall  of  the  New  Jewish  Institution,  which  was  Just 
purchased*  ALL  ARE  EXPECTED^  ♦ 

Sunday  evening  -  "The  Eve  of  Rejoicing  in  "The  Torah",  in  the 
beautiful  and  spacious  hall  of  the  newly  purchased  Hebrew  Institute, 
a  ball  will  be  given,  which  is  the  final  act  of  the  glorious 
festival,  which  continued  the  entire  Mid- Week  of  Succoth,  at  the 
park  of  the  Hebrew  Institute.  The  Arrangement  Committee,  which 
bears  the  responsibility  to  make  this  affair  a  success,  assures  the 
public  that  this  ball  will  be  different  from  any  ever  held  for  the 

benefit  of  a  Jewish  Institution.   - 


The  hall  is  beautifully  decorated  and  will  be  brightly  illuminated. 
It  has  a  great  capacity,  assuring  everyone  of  the  maximum  degree  of 
comfort.  There  will  be  a  fine  orchestra,  and  the  dancers  will  have 
a  grand  time . 

no  6   °   ^^^  WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30275 

The  Dally  Jewish  Gourier.  October  l6th,  1908. 

The  Jewish  youth  of  Chicago  should  take  advantage  of  this  opportunity 
and  come  to  the  ball  en  masse,  for  not  only  will  they  enjoy  themselves, 
but  they  will  also  share  In  this  noble  Institution- The  Hebrew  Institute, 
which  was  founded  with  the  sole  objective  of  Implanting  Judaism  and 
American  Patriotism  among  the  Jewish  people. 

To  mlsB  this  affair  will  mean  to  lose  an  evening  of  merriment,  of  which 
you  may  have  sweet  memories  In  the  years  to  come.  Jews  of  all  walks  of 
life  will  participate  In  this  affair,  and  this  offers  an  opportunity,  to 
meet  people,  whom  you  have  not  seen  for  a  long  time,  and  whom  y6u  will 
not  be  able  to  meet  elsewhere. 

The  need  for  the  Hebrew  Institute  Is  deeply  rooted  within  the  hearts  of 
Chicago  Jews,  and  It  Is  therefore,  our  sincere  hope  that  this  ball 
will  be  a  success. 

Remember  the  ball  Sunday  evening,  where  you  will  surely  enjoy  yourself 
and  help  lead  a  Jewish  Institution  to  success. 

The  Hebrew  Institute  is  located  at  Taylor,  Little  and  Sybley  Streets^ 
All  cars  take  you  there. 

II  E  1  c  (3) 

III  B  3  1) 


W?A  (ILL.)  PROj.  30275 

Courier,  Octolier  12,  igOS, 

Great  Succoth  Celebration  in  the  Hetrew  Institute, 

A  great  congregation  of  Jewish  people  consisting  of  2,225  men  and  women  who 
for  a  long  time  have  not  experienced  the  delight  of  a  Succoth  affair,  assembled 
in  the  colossal  Succoh,  at  the  Chicago  Hehrew  Institute.   They  enjoyed  them- 
selves and  ate  very  appetizing  dishes,  which  were  served  xinder  the  management 
of  Mrs,  Kale.  Mr.  Kalish  and  a  corps  of  assistants  saw  to  it  that  none  pres- 
ent left  with  an  empty  stomach  hut  made  sure,  that  they  left  with  empty  pockets. 
Mrs.  J.  Levin  and  Mrs.  P.  Shapiro  deserve  honoratle  mention  for  their  wonder- 
ful work.   These  women  certainly  knew  their  customers! 

But  eating  alone  is  not  sufficient, for  Succoth  is  a  period  of  joy  and  gladness. 
Thus,  all  who  were  present  participated  in  the  joyful  celebration.  As  for 
money,  no  one  was  asked  for  more  than  they  had  in  their  pockets. 

One  of  the  outstanding  values,  which  may  "be  obtained  at  present  at  the  Hebrew 
Institute,  is  a  $25  vase  for  only  10^,  which  is  sold  by  Miss  Phillipson  -  the 

Page  2 

II  B  1  c  (3) 

III  B  3  b 
I  B  U 


Courier,  October  12.  ISOS.  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ  30?/5 

only  daughter  of  Joseph  PhilliDSon,   In  view  of  a  misunderstanding,  she  had 
sold  tlfis  vase  to  several  hundred  persons,  and  in  order  to  give  every  one  an 
equal  chance,  the  vase  will  he  raffled  off  and  it  will  go  to  some  lucky  win- 

Mrs.  J.  L.  Marks,  who  is  in  charge  of  the  ice  cream,  did  very  little  business. 
The  vaudeville  show,  under  the  direction  of  Mr.  Karkus,  was  very  attractive 
and  inexpensive  and  therefore  enjoyed  a  full  house  continuously.  Mrs.  Rubin 
chairman  of  the  flower  booth,  had  something  new  and  entirely  different.   For 
the  price  of  a  dime  or  two  nickels  -  a  quarter  and  sometime  50^ »  one  could 
possess  a  flower,  which  never  withers,  has  a  perpetual  color  and  odor.  When 
questioned  by  a  reporter,  whether  or  not  these  flowers  were  made  of  paper, 
she  replied  with  dignity  -  shrugging  her  shoulders.  Mrs.  Nathan  displayed 
remarkable  skill  in  selling  these  flowers. 

The  Roamward  Club  possesses  privileges  of  Monte  Carlo  and  the  wheel  of  chance. 
These  young  men  have  voices,  which  can  awaken  the  dead,  and  even  though  you 

II  B  1  c  (3) 
Hi  B  3  b 
1  B  k 

V^PA(iLL)PROJ.  30275 


Courier.  October  12,  19bS, 

are  financially  embarrassed,  they  will  take  away  the  car  fare,  which  you 
have  ciarefully  tucked  in  your  coat  lining. 

Mrs*  B.  Baumgarten  is  queen  of  the  needle  craft  booth,  and  everyone  gladly 
takes  a  chance  for  these  wonderful  articles.   The  public  is  very  anxious  to 
obtain  these  articles.   Beautiful  girls  under  the  guidance  of  Mr,  Nathan 
Kaplan,  are  distributing  applications  for  membership  and  are  recruiting  mem- 
bers by  the  dozen. 

The  Succoth  celebration  will  continue  for  the  entire  week.   It  will  be  open 
to  the  public  twice  a  day,  at  2  P.  M.  and  7  P«  M.  Each  performance  will  have 
special  attractions,  in  order  to  draw  a  crowd. 

On  the  day  when  the  Torah  is  being  honored,  the  celebration  will  end  with  a 
grand  ball. 

II  B  1  c  (5) 

III  G  (Zionism) 

The  courier,  Dec.  9,  1907. 


The  art  school  entertainment  last  Saturday  evening  at  the  Lletrcpclitan  Hall 
spcnscred  by  the  Poale  Zicne  Ladies  Auxiliary  v/ill  be  Icn^  remenbered.  The 
house  was  full  of  people  from  all  parts  of  the  city,  arjd  from  all  walks 
of  life.   The  hall  was  packed  with  people  who  came  to  demonstrate  their  ^reat 
love  for  the  nevr   institute  v/hich  the  nation  has  established  in  Pale- 

The  evening  was  opened  by  I.liss  Sadie  Greenspaji,  who  spoke  of  the  roles  as  being 
played  by  the  members  of  this  art  school  of  geniuses.  She  also  described  the 
living  conditions  of  the  artists  in  the  art  school  and  in  conclusion  explained 
the  importence  of  this  institution  in  Palestine,  which  the  Jev/s  of  Chicago 
ajid  other  Jev;ish  coiamunities  must  help  support.   The  school  is  sponsored  main- 
ly by  the  Poale  Zion  organization.  Dr.  Marcus  also  spoke  on  the  subjects  of 
Chanukah  and  the  art  school  in  Palestine.  He  stressed  the  importance  of  the 
school,  stating  that  its  existence  depended  upon  /j.erican  Jews. 

"  ^  ^  °  (^)  -  2  -  jmsH 

III  G (Zionism) 

The  Courier,  Dec.  9,  1S07, 

After  these  addresses,  a  j;rand  choir  sane  a  few  beautiful  Jewish  sonss; 
recitations  followed*  The  audience  spent  a  most  enjoyable  evening,  which 
also  proved  to  be  a  great  finoncial  success  for  the  Bezalel  Art  School." 

"  B  X  c  (?) 

II  B  1  d 


VVPA(iLL)PROJ,  30275 

Courier,  January  25,  1907» 

Heard  and  Seen. 

The  heavy  rain  last  night  did  not  prevent  the  Hebrew  Literary  Society  "ball 
from  heing  a  great  success*  Mr»  Ubx   Schulman  and  his  sister  led  the  spectac- 
ular march  (grand)  of  two  hundred  young  couples.  This  was  undoubtedly  the 
most  beautiful  grand  march  the  Jewish  people  of  Chicago  have  ever  witnessed. 

The  ball  of  the  Hebrew  Literary  Society  was  a  big  success,  financially  and 
socially.  The  dancers  spent  a  most  enjoyable  evening  and  those  who  did  not 
dance  passed  their  time  indulging  in  a  few  glasses  of  carmel  wine  and  other 
good  drinks.  When  the  clock  struck  three,  the  crowds  departed,  feeling  that 
it  had  been  worth  while  to  spend  the  evening  with  the  Hebrew  Literary  Society* 


II  D  U 


Courier.  January  U.  I907         '^'^^'  (^''-^')  PROJ.302?5 

Many  fhcmks  from  the  Jewish  Orpharis  Home. 

In  the  name  of  all  directors,  of  the  Jewish  Orphan's  Home  we  extend  mamy 
thanks  to  the  Jewish  public  of  Chicago  for  the  interest  they  showed  in  attending 
the  charity  hall  of  the  Marks  Nathan  Orpharfs  Home.  We  are  convinced  that  a  good 
many  of  you  were  not  fortunate  enough  to  take  part  in  the  pleasant  entertainment 
program.   It  is  all  due  to  the  unexpectedly  large  crowd  which  came  to  the  ball. 
We  did  not  expect  the  throng  of  people  to  be  so  tremendous.  We  realize  that  many 
were  turned  away.  The  Entertainment  Committee  was  powerless,  it  could  not  pos- 
sibly satisfy  all  the  visitors,  so  we  beg  your  pardon.   This  being  the  first  ball 
of  its  kind,  the  committee  was  not  fully  prepared  to  cope  with  the  occasion.  But 
we  hope  that  at  the  next  ball,  the  committee  m^  be  better  prepared  to  care  for 
all  visitors,  that  no  one  will  be  turned  away.  Nevertheless,  we  ought  to  be  satis- 
fied and  proud  of  the  success  we  had  with  this  ball  -  it  being  the  first  venture 
of  this  kind. 

A  full  report  of  the  expense  and  net  profit  of  the  ball  will  be  published  in 
the  Jewish  News  department  of  the  Daily  Jewish  Courier  at  an  early  date.  Hoping 
that  every  Jewish  person  will  be  perfectly  satisfied^ 

I  remain  yours  respectfully, 

Jacob  Levy,  Pres. 


II  B  1  c  (5) 



Illinois  Staats-Zeitun:^.  July  23 >  1900. 


p.  8  -  The  dedication  of  the  synagogue  to  be  erected  by  the  Tipheret 
Zion  Congregation  at  588  N,  Lincoln  Street,  took  place  yesterday. 

The  first  Jewish  speaker  on  this  occasion  was  Rabbi  Brody.  He  said: 
••It  is  the  Lord's  will  that  priests  serve  as  teachers  of  the  people. 
Nations  are  supposed  to  supplement  these  teachers,  but  fail  at  times 
to  perform  their  duty.  The  people  of  Israel  have  become  disunited,  and 
suffered  persecution  of  their  race  for  centuries,  the  punishment 
meted  out  by  the  Alimghty.'^ 

Rabbi  Brody  appealed  to  his  fellow-believers,  .vealthy  or  poor,  or  what- 
ever their  nationality  might  be,  to  have  one  object  in  mind,  namely, 

-  2  - 


Illinois  Staats-Zeitungt  July  23,   1900. 

The  next   speaker,  Dr.  Rappeport,   delivered  his  address   in  English. 
He  too  stressed  the   importance  of  the  unity  of  the  Jews.     He  said:  • 
••The  orthodox  church  was  the  foundation  of  all  our  churches.-     Its 
doctrines  have  been  taken  from  the  book  of  Talmud...." 

The  third  speaker  was  Judge  Gibbons.     He   said  in  English:     •The  history 
of  the  Jews  reveals     that  theirs  was  a  mighty  contribution  to  the 
world's  civilization     in  those  dark  days   of  2,000  years  ago."     He 
pointed  to  the  close  contact   in  everyday     life,  between  the  Jews  and  the 
Christians.     To  become  good  Christians   is  then  only  possible,  when 
the  lofty  ideas  of  Judaism  are   accepted.     Cooperation  b etween  Jews  and 
Christians   is  of  vital  importance.... 


II  B  1  c  (3) 


The  Reform  Advocate,  wk.  of  March  6,  1S96»  p. 52.  :5 


The  West  Chicago  Cluh  will  have  a  masquerade  hall  on  Purin  Night,  the  2Uth 
inst.  Prizes  will  he  awarded  to  the  two  most  original  costumes  and  the  two  most 

Elahorate  preparations  are  heing  made  for  the  closing  of  the  West  Chicago *s 
children's  dancing  class.  A  German  pageant  will  he  given  on  March  21st,  with  a 
display  of  fancy  dancing. 

The  senior  dancing  class  closes  Friday  night. 

II  B  1  c  (3)  JEWISH 

II  D  1 


The  Reform  Advocatt,  Ik.  of  February  8,  IS96.  P.S93. 

The  net  profits  of  the  annual  Y.  M*  H«  C.  A.  Charity  Ball  amounted  to 
$21,500t  which  ie  about  $3,000  more  than  was  realized  by  last  year's  ball. 





II  B  1  c  (3)  JEWISH 

II  D  10 






The  Rafonc  Advocate.  Wk»  of  March  2,  I895.  p. 30,  "c^^ 


The  Harmony  Charity  Circlet  coxnpoeed  of  2^  North  Side  yoting  ladies  and 
gentlemen  will  give  their  first  affsdr  at  Masonic  Hall»  The  entire  proceeds 
are  to  go  to  Charity*  The  officers  of  the  society  are  president,  Chas« 
Reinaoh,  vice-president.  Miss  1.   Wetterhahn,  secretary,  Miss  Abqt  Cohen, 
treasurer.  Miss  Iva  Levy* 


ll  B  1  c  (3)  JEWISH   ^ 

II  B  2  f 


Th»  Heform  Advocate  >  Wk.  of  Petruary  23,  1895*  p.l^»      ''A 

In  the  early  part  of  April,  a  grand  mask  camlval  will  be  held  at  the 
Auditorium  for  the  benefit  of  the  Jewish  Training  School*  The  entertainment 
promises  to  be  one  of  the  most  brilliant  from  a  spectacular  point  of  view, 
yet  to  be  seen  in  this  city*  A  celebrated  designer  is  already  busy  with  the 
plans,  concocting  magnificent  floats,  tableaux  and  representative  pictures* 

n  B  1  c  (^) 


"^  ■ 

The  Reform  Advocate >  Wk.  of  December  1,  IS9U.  p.2Ul,\^ 


*Bo8lta^  an  operetta  in  two  acts,  was  sung  \j  amateurs  before  an  audl-- 
ence  coioposed  of  members  and  guests  of  the  Lakeside  Club»  Among  those  appear- 
ing in  the  operetta  were  Uiss  Millie  Benjamin,  as  Rosita,  Uiss  Stella  Adler, 
as  Dolores,  lfr«  E«  Benjamin  as  Oarrick  and  Mr.   Lee  Jacobs  as  the  bandit  chief. 
Carlo 8« 

II  B  1  c  (3) 
II  B  2  f 




The  Reform  Advocate.  Wk.  of  March  17,  IS9U.  pp«7^75*        -:% 


Over  10,000  tickets  have  heen  sold  for  the  amateur  minstrel  performance  to  he 
given  March  27th  at  Battery  D.  Hall,  in  aid  of  the  Jewish  Training  School. 
This  is  said  to  he  the  largest  advance  sale  for  anything  of  this  nature  ever 
known  in  Chicego.  Much  of  the  credit  for  this  enterprise  is  due  to  Mrs^  Levy 
Mayer »  whose  name  heads  a  long  list  of  patronesses, 

Emanuel  S,  Heyman,  as  interlocutor  leads  an  array  of  talent  especially  selected 
hy  Ed.  M.  Crane,  an  old-time  artist,  who  is  conducting  the  rehearsals  and  will 
manage  the  stage.  Rehearsals  have  heen  going  on  for  two  weeks,  and  a  stage  group 
of  50  persons  will  appear  in  the  first  part  of  the  entertainment. 


II  3   1  c    (3) 

Tlie  '^.e:>rr:  ;.d\-ocate,   v;]-:.    of  ::arc::   12,    189:3. 


S/J^L-rt... : 

01  ci'rjs 


The  pupils  of  the  Zion  Sabbat!:  School  v/ill  ::ive   a  i\irir:;  entertain! lent  at 
the  tenple,    on  ^und^iy,    at  2:50  ?•  I.:.     Tlie  .  :;ri.  cipal  featui'os  will  be  a  drarna, 
"Drea^i  of  the   Centuries/'   a  I.'.othor  G-oo '.'e   drill,   and  the  stor:'  of  PurlVi   in 

II  B  1  c   (5) 


The  Reform  Advocate,  Dec.   19,  1891, 


The  Buildinr  Coiiiittee  of  Con2re£::ation  Aiishe  Sraeth  will  f^ive  a  Cha:  ukah  ball 
at  Brand* s  Hall,   Jarxuary  3rd,   for  the  benfit  of  the  fund  to  erect  a  nexv  house 
of  worship. 

■•  r- 


II  D  1  

The  Refcrin  Advocate^  Nov.  21,    1891. 

/?.  !.:•  ]{.  C.  ASSOCIATION  CliAKITY  BALl/ 

Chicago  oen   bcpst  cf  teiri';;  the  cnly  city  t  at  has  three  na-nificient  charity 
halls  every  year.   The  institutions  assisted  and  the  new  ones  startec  are  ccn- 
stajit  evidence  cf  the  oncunt  c£   rccd  done  by  these  entertairv.onts. 

The  pioneer  charity  ball  in  ChicG,'ro  v/as  r^iven  by  the  Younf;;  Ker.'s  Hebrew 
Cho.rity  Association  eleven  yeaj-s  ago,  and  each  succeedin-  year  has  shown  an 
increase  in  interest  :  nd  profit.   The  anount  distributed  Inst  year  v;bs  almost 
$;,1d,0C0,  the  expense  cf   earning;  it  v;as  less  than  02 ,200. 

As  usual,  the  Y.  li.  H.  C.   Association  v;ill  open  t:ie  charity  ball  season  with 
their  affair  at  the  Auditorium  on  December  loth. 

The  boxes  will  be  auctioned  at  t:ie  Standard  Club,  Leceraber  6th,  end  jud-in^ 
by  the  applicG.tions,  the  sale  vz-ill  be  interesting  and  lively* 

II  B  1  c    (5) 

II  D  5 

The  Reforr;  .■.dvocate,   \ik,  of  ."aj'  22,   1891. 

/30CI.:rY  OITJS  SOCL'J/ 

The  Israelitische  Altor±oi  :  Society  v/ill  ci'^"-   i'ts   second  social  next  Tues- 
day aiterPxCon  at  the     7/est  C  icac:o  Club  and  a  cordial  invita-.ion   is  e:ctended 
to  all  v:lio   are   interoGvod  in  the  Soclety^s  './oii:. 

An  address  '/ill  be  delivered  I:/  Dr.   :  ir:-ch,    besides  v;hich  there  v;ill  be  vocal 
and  instra-iental  music,   reci'.ations   and  the  rafflinr;  of  a  cage  of  birds^ 

At  a  recent  Moetinc  of  tlie   i:ociety  it  v;as  decided  to  subscribe  03,000  to   the 
Kone   for  .'^ed  Jev/s,   and   the  ladies  v;ill  continue  to  aid  this   institution  as 
far  as  pos::ible. 


II  B  1  c   (5) 
I  C 


J3y:]SH     '^ 

II  C  The  Reform  Advocate,  July  17,   1891.  ^ 

JjE.'HSE  C2ij:bration  at  v;orid»s  faip?7 

The  question  whether  there  shall  be  a  special  Jewish  celebration  at  the  V/orld^s 
Fair,  is  again  attracting  notice  because  of  the  call  for  a  meeting  of  delegates 
for  the  purpose.  Many  suggestions  have  been  roade.  They  range  from  a  monument 
to  a  manuscript. 

Least  open  to  objection  by  those  who  want  nothing  sectarian,  is  the  proposal  of 
Dr.  Ilirsch  for  a  statue  of  lessing,  the  famous  eighteenth  csxitury  Christian 
friend  of  the  Hebrew  emancipator,  Loses  I^endelssohn,  who  is  really  the  embodi- 
ment of  the  spirit  of  religious  liberty. 

II  E  1  c   (5) 


IV  The  Reform  Advocate.  June  5,  1891. 

^^edigatio::  of  iT^'i  tsi.tie7 


The  elaborate  arran^-enents  for  the  dedication  of  Anshe  I.:ayriv*s  handsome  new 

tenple  are  about  coin;  leted.  The  event  will  le  a  r^arked  one  in  the  annals  of  ^^ 

Chicago  Judaisir..  and  the  ceremonies  attendant  UTDon  it  will  be  in  keeping  with  >S 

the  grandeur  and  importance  of  the  celebration*  ^ 

The  exercises  will  take  place  next  Thursday  afternoon,  June  11th,  commencing 
at  3:30  o'clock. 

A  double  quartette  will  furnish  the  music.  Twenty-five  of  the  young  men  of 
the  congregation  will  serve  as  ushers,  Kr.  Jacob  .!•  Eauland  being  chief. 

Invitations  have  been  extended  to  the  mayor  and  other  city  officials,  the 
judges  of  the  various  courts,  and  prominent  christian  ministers* 

The  following  gentlemen  form  the  Coromittee  of  Arrangements:  Israel  Cowen, 
chairman;  Henry  IT.  Hart,  Louis  Benja;;dn,  L.  H.  Freiberger,  H.  A.  Kohn,  David 
V/ormser,  Lazarus  Silverman* 

II  B  1  c  (3)  -  2  -  JS^flSH 


IV  The  Hefom  Advocate,  June  5,  1891. 

The  Reception  Gonnittee  coi^sists  of  the  T.essrs*  ^%  !.'•  Gerstley,  Jacob  Rosenberg, 
H,  A.  Kohn,  J.   ..ewrian,  Jr.,  Lazarus  Silverman,  Leon  II.  Freiberger,  Louis  Ben- 
jamin, Israel  Cowen,  Henry  N.  Hart,  Jacob  L.  Cahn,  I.Iax  !.'•  Rothschild,  David 
Wormser,  ai.d  Maier  Ilewnan. 

II  B  1  c(3) 

II  B  2  f 

The  Refom  Advocate,  V/k.  of  June  5,  1891  • 



The  strawberry  festival  civen  by  Jochannah  Lodge  last  week  v/as  a  social  and 
financial  success*  The  attendance  was  large  and  fashionable,  and  the  receipts 
are  in  the  neighborhood  of  :;1,000,  all  of  which  v/ill  be  devoted  to  the  V/omen's 
Evening  Class  at  the  Jewish  Training  School, 

II  B  1 

c    (o) 


rhe   ?.efciT-.  .Ldvocato,   -.;!.:•   c. 



TI18  '..'Gst  Chicaro  Club  ■.•'ill  "ive  a  "a"  festival  nnd  children's 
Saturday  evening,  '.;Lich  vill  be  tjie  affa^.r  tliis  ceaoon. 

ty  this 

I  B  1  c    (5) 

'T    P,   f;    r 

rhe  Hef cm  .•dvocaue,     !:•  of  ::ay  2^:,  1891 

The  personal  Service  Joe  let:*  '.111  ci"^^  ^  ^^^^  atic  porfc:^:iaricG  nnd  a  stra:vberry 
fectival  vjithir.  the  ne::t   foi'bnifht, 

IText  Thursdyy  ni£-ht,    the   rohannah  Lodc^  '.:ill  C'^ve  a  rtra^'/berry  festival  and 
hop  at  the  ICursaal,    on  vf^lst  St.     lYie   ontortaini-.ont   iti  ^i^^QTi  for  the  benefit 
of  the    .'onen's  Zveiiin-  Cla::s  of  Viie   rev;ish  hraiiiinr  School,   and  the  fact  that 
it   is   in  the  i-iands  of  t:.e  ladies  c:'   Jchannah  Lod^e  is  a  ;r:narantee   of   its 

yo  institution  is  no  1x3  desorvir.c]  or  i^  r.ore  :.::  need  of  aid  than  is  the  school, 
and  t]  ere  should  be  a  generous  cur-pourin;';  of  tie  v.'oll-disr'csed  at  tLis  festi- 


II   B  1   c    (:s) 


Jhe  i-^efci^:;  .advocate,   wl : . 


-uy  22,   1391. 

The  PhoGnix  held  a  beer-drinl-rir.c   feslivul   la::' 
of  its  first   anniversary^. 

Oaturdi';;  ni    :it,    in  celebra^.ion  .-^■ 


II  B  1  c  (3)  je:i 

II  3  2  g 

1  QQT 

The  P.efcrr.-i  .vdvocat.:?,    v;]-:.  of  -:a7  15, 


The  Joliannah  Lodco  -./ill  rivo  a   stravrberrr  for/:.iviil  and  hop  Tor  the  benefit  of 
the  Jev;ish  '^rainin^  Tchool,  Thursday  evening,  h.ay  28th,.  at    uhe  Ilursaal,   31st 
St.f   betvjeen  PJicdos  and   Vernrn  ..venue::,     .'.s  the   cause   is  a  './orthy  one,   a  large 
na^iber  cT  tickets   slicv.ld  be  disrosed  of  and  a  neal   sun  realized. 

Trie  comittee,  appointed  by  zhe   Jliic^./c  Branch  cT  the  ^-JMish  iJ.liance  to  arrange 
for  a  r.iasG  ineetin."',    has  obtained  neitiiGSion   t-:  neet   in  the  KonoGOtr   Israel 
Teraple,   comer  ."udd  ar.d  -^linton  ^-.treets,    on  .jnida:'   after/ioon,   :.'a3^  £4th#     Good 
G'^.ieahers   liave  been  nrccured  to  addrc^in   t;  e  r,  etin--. 

"Hhe   discussion  of  ''The  Spirituril  /j-iorica''   by  Dr.  Trdl  0.   hirscL,   Dr.   ;^.    J. 
Canfield,    and  the   T.ev.   !o.:ard  '"c   near;-,    on    .'ednesda^^  evening   at   ':,]\e   Third  Uni- 
tarion  Church,   bro'.r;ht   toyet!  or  an  Mudience  t   :t   filled  every  foot  of  avail- 
a.ble   space  fror.  entry  to  rail.      '' '"'ere  ^leajis   in   -Jurope,   the  Te^.v  ..'orld 

Risiny  out  of  the  Sea,"  v/as  the  subject   sidcussed  by  Dr.   :'irsch. 

II  B  1  c    (5) 

II  A  3  b 

The  :^e:^orn  ..dvcca-^e,   ';k.   oC  ildtII   10,   1891. 

The   date  fcr  ol.e  La::e3idc   children *o  ball   in  roferoncG  to  v/r.ek  of  -^^^.Til  3, 
p.    IIG,    hen   been  changed  to  Sa^iir^lay,    the   lot):  inrt.,    a  v;  ^eh  earlier  than 
firot  annconced. 

A  Cradle   soni^,    by  h::iil  Lieblinr,    l^as   jiu^t  beon  TJblinhcd  by  3.   Brainard.-* 
3ons,      It   ir  arran,':od  ar^  c    Piano  ::olo,   c;lso   fcr  violin   and    ];^iano,    and   is   as 
dainty  a  bit    of  "lelody  a-^.d  clxar'  in^  a  lullaby  as  has  been  published  recently 

II  D  1   c    (3) 

The   Hefoiri  Advocate,  '.;]:.    of  April  3,    1891 

An  entertrdnnent  and   ;\op  v;ill  be   ■:lven  b:'  tr.e  Ideal  on  Viext  Tuesday  ni^ht. 
Prof."  Ooldrioji,    tr-e   prestidir-itateur,   v/ill  bo  one  of  the   attractions,   besides  .; 
which,   the  election  re'.';ms  '..ill  be  announced,  -^ 

Great  p3?oparo.tions   are  bein^:  Made  for  the  Children's  Ball   to  take   place  on 
Saturday  evoninr:,   /-^pril  25th,    ^.c  he   .  iven  by  tlie   Lalzerldo   Club. 

The  Calico  Ball   f;iven  at  the  Standard  Club   l.vst  Saturday  niyht  v;as  a  decided 
success.      Over  150  ccur>les   a'^rtoared  in  calico   coctuiies. 

II  B  1  c    (o)  Jl^^iai 

'he  ::eforr.  ..dvocutc,    ./■::.   c?  ..pril  3,   1891. 

f^T  rp  •  -r^-T-    •  -    rr,"?  'n''j  T*  A  •'■■IT'  ■'  ^    '"^T'^^  '<^''    p  - "''  "'^  / 

J. .  1  v: 

The  first  I'ungarirjji   Cc'An:re,--atioi:,   "/v^udath  ^".chin,"  v;ill   -i^ro  im  eni-ertai nrae nt 
and  ball   Simda^     ni^ht,  Arril  5 oh,   at  the   Geccr.d  P.enment  Ar::ioiy,    ^cr  the 
benefit  of  the  Gerieter^-  fund.      Tl-.e   con^^re,:;at.i07.  v;as   orcanized  a  fev:  years 
a<^o  1)-^'  a  fe:^7  non,    to   en'^ible   tl  e::  to  have  re  *ular  servicoc   according:  to  the 
Hungarian  ninhn  r   ( r i  •  .ual )  • 

"Ihe  r.ienbers:  ij)   increasin:*,    a  ter^.plo  vras  piirc]-ic! r,ed  tv;o  :'e.:-ir3  arc  at  ::an"ell 
St.   and  :Iev7berry  Ave. 

II  B-  1   c    (3) 

'^^"h.e  Heforri  .advocate,   v;k.   or  ::arch  27,  1391. 

The  Lakeside  nas^iuerae  ball,  v;Lich  tool:  plc.ce  lavSt  Satxirday  eveninc,  was  the 
most  GucceGoful  ever  ^iven  by  the  club.     Valuable   prizec  V7cre  av;arded  to   seven 
liienbers   for  unioue  and  original  costurioG. 

The   Ideal  :111   ':ive   a  nuGical  ontcrtain:.vjnt   :-::d  ho^  en  A^nril  7th. 

The  Ideal  Masquerade   ball  vjavS  a  success  last  3a"curda:'  nicht.     Prizes  vvore  a- 
v/arded   to  '.liss  Jennie  ITorden,    v. ho  v;as  :i:\s-:ed  as  ''Schatchen,"   and   to  llr.   .^.rthur 
Alschuler  and  Jacob  Qoldsnith,  v\ac  a'^r oared  a.v  polar  bears. 

II  B  1  c  (3) 

The  Heforn  Advocate,  -;k.  Ci  ::arch  27,  1891. 

/ai72  B:j:::::3^rr  ro::  sABEi^ii-scncqi/ 

At  the  v:est  ChiCQr^'O  Club  ::cur,e  last  i:ondQ.i',   1200  people  filled  the 
hall  and  enthusiastically  a^claii.ied  tlie   3ntGrtainj:;ent  given  for  the  benefit 
of  Zion  ToLiple   Sabbat h-r*chool  children.     An  an^iteur  orchestra,    under  the  di- 
rection of  Mr,   J'ranz  Wald,   skillfully  rendered  the  r.iusic,    -nd  ^^eneral  praise 
v.'QS   bestovred  upon  the   children  for  their  rendition  of  the  **Ghildren*s  Cru- 
sade".    Cr*edit  -jont  to  hr  *.   Joseph  3tolz,  who  trained  the  250  pupils   of  the 
Sabbath  School, 




'.^•.•'  I 

t^'-  I 


II  B  1  c  (5) 


Illinois  Staats-ZeituDg,  Liar.  4,  1879  • 

It  is  generally  conceded  that  our  Jewish  citizens  have  a  v/ell- developed  sense 
of  benevolence,  and  an  exceptional  opportunity  is  provided  this  weel:  to  prac- 
tice huiuanitarianisin,  Jev   Friedhofs-Verein  Der  Faeien  Soehne  Israels  (The 
Cemetery  Association  of  the  Free  Sons  of  Israel)  has  arran^^ed  a  bazaar  at 
Uhlich's  Hall,  to  provide  funds  for  the  cemetery.  The  splendid  arrangement  of 
the  exhibited  items  in  itself  makes  a  visit  well  vvorta  while  for  anyone  enjoy- 
ing an  artist icall:?"  grouped  display  of  valuable  articles*  A  large  number  of 
nice,  ambitious  young  ladies  comprise  the  sales  force.  At  the  ver:'  entrance 
the  visitor  addicted  to  smoking  is  given  a  chance  to  spend  a  quarter  for  fra- 
grant Havanas,  displayed  by  LIrs.  Julie  Neumann  and  Miss  Rosalie  Stein,  tv/o        ^ 
very  attractive  salesladies.  Then  one  approaches  the  dining  room,  supervised 
by  Mesdames  Hart,  Schv/arz,  and  Erueckner,  and  managed  so  efficiently  that  even 
the  most  fastidious  .vill  be  able  to  satisfy  his  appetite  in  a  most  pleasant 

Returning  to  the  hall,  one  finds  an  assortment  of  porcelain,  enamel,  and 

II  B  1  c  (5)  -  2  -  JEWISH 


Illinois  Staats-»Zeitung,  Liar.  4,  1879. 

gliss^^/are  in  charge  of  the  Misses  Carrie  Uncer  and  Dula  Hichaelis;  next,  a 
very  attractive  display  of  notions,  embroider:/',  dolls,  etc.;  this  stand  is 
under  the  supervision  of  IMrs.  Philipps  and  LIrs.  Hart,  assisted  by  four  young 
ladies,  the  Misses  Golberg,  Heyriann,  Fricl:,  and  Schv/arz.  Then  comes  the  post    ^ 
office,  v;herQ  five  young  ladies  serve  as  letter  carriers:  the  two  Michaelis      ^J 
girls.  Bertha  Heller,  Sarah  Heine,  and  Sophie  Oestreicher.  We  now  approach      >ci. 
the  cand:;'  stand  v/here  most  tempting  tidbits  are  served  by  L!rs.  S.  H.  L^j^ers,      p 
Ilrs.  D.  Greenberg,  and  Miss  '2.   Isaacs;  then,  a  display  of  hand-made,  luxuri-     ^ 
ous  articles  which  are  being  sold  by  Ivlrs.  Affenheim,  the  two  Hisses  Affenheim     § 
and  Miss  Philipps;  a  large  stand  v;here  embroideries,  perfume,  etc.,  are  sho^Tn.    ^ 
Among  the  items  is  a  beautifully  woven  silk  cover,  a  present  of  Mr.  N.  Schwarz    g 
of  New  Orleans.  Mrs.  A.  Diamond,  ^Irs.  Jacob  Kuhn,  LIrs.  S.  A.  Diamond,  and       cj! 
Miss  Anna  Nathan  preside  at  this  booth.  Next,  there  is  a  stand  with  paintings, 
perfumes,  candies,  etc.,  in  charge  of  Mrs.  Abeles,  tlrs.  A.  Costa,  and  Miss  Foster; 
then  the  lottery,  v;here  an  iiimense  bowl  of  fruit  attracts  instant  attention. 
Here  sewing  machines,  clocks,  easy  chairs,  v/ine,  etc.,  are  raffled  off;  this 
part  is  located  at  the  west  end  of  the  hall--  the  realm  where  Mrs.  D.  Meyer, 
J.  Simonds,  A.  Hlchter,  and  Mrs.  S.  Livingston  hold  swa^r.  Next  is  another  lottery 

II  B  1  c    (5)  -  3  -  JD./I3II 


Illinois  Staats-Zeitung,  Mar.  4,  1879 • 

stand,  where  young  people  with  an  inclination  to  sook  the  "i^omised  Land^  of 
marriage  may  find  everything  required — frOiH  a  double  bed  to  a  pin  cushion — 
and  where  Mrs.  Rosa  I.Ieyers,  Miss  Carrie  Elsas,  and  Miss  Bertha  are  fully  pre- 
pared to  accept  orders~if  you  win. 

Of  course,  no  one  will  pass  Rebecca's  v;ell,  in  the  center  of  the  hall,  where     5 
Miss  Ii]va  Diamond  and  Miss  Mathilde  Marks  dispense  the  nectar.  -^ 


The  bazaar  is  to  bo  held  for  the  entire  week,  and  undoubtedly  a  large  crowd     ^ 
can  be  expected.  o 

Good  concert  music  provides  diversion  and  entertainment.  S 

II  B  1  c  (3) 





Sinai  Congregation,  Board  of  Directors,  Minutes,  Mar,  6,  1876.   ^ 

•  ••••it  was  resolved  that  the  ceremony  (of  the  dedication  of  the  new  temple) 
should  "begin  on  Saturday,  April  g,  at  U  ?•  M^ ,  and  that  the  festivities 
should  continue  on  Sunday  (Pesach)  following,  services  commencing  at  10  A^  M^ 


r'  «:i'L:  .•^-^. . 


B.   Avocational  and  Intellectual 
1,  Aesthetic 

d.  Literary  Societies 

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j» ' 

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.Vi-:  > 





H  B  1  d 


The  Jewish  Daily  Forward t  January  10,  1927* 


The  Chicago  Culture  Club  or  better  known  in  short  as  C.  C,  C*,  has  cele- 
brated  the  opening  of  its  new  home  in  the  Lindy  Building,  75  '^»  Randolph 
Street,  Saturday  night* 

The  opening  was  a  nice  one  and  successful.  A  colorful  program  was  carried 
through  in  which  participated  such  renowned  artists  as  Theodore  Katz, 
violinist  of  the  Chicago  Symphony  Orchestra;  Shuess,  the  pianist;  Alexander 
Kipnio,  bass  of  the  Chicago  Opera  Company;  the  dramatic  soprsjio,  Mina 
Isaleva  and  other  talented  performers •  Short  and   brief  talks  given  by 
the  organizers  and  main  officials  of  the  club,  such  as  Israel  Bloom, 
president;  Louis  Schaefer,  vice  oresident;  and  I.  B.   Eury,  secretary* 

II  B    1  d  -  2  -  JEinSH 

The  Jewish  Dailv  Fonvr.rd«  January.    lOt   1927» 

This  club,    org:.nized  only  a   few  years  ago,   has  made  great  progress  in 
the   few  years  of  its  existence*     It  attracted  Chicago's  Jev;ish  and  most 
prominent  intelligence.     The   club  now  has  over  three  members  and  is 
starting  a   campaign  for  more* 

The   club  devotes  most  of  its  time  to  cultural   activities,   and  every 
season  e:ives  a  complete   series  of  lectures  on  litci^ture,   art  and  science* 
This   season,   the   series  of  lectures  will   start  to  night  with  Henry 
Seidel  Kanby,   one   of  the   greatest  authorities   on  liter:  ture  in  America* 
He  is  the  editor  of  the   only  liter:  ry  v/eekly  journal   in  America^     The 
Saturday  P.eview  of  Liter  ture* 

Mr*  Kenby  will   lecture,   toi  ight,   on  the   subject  "Contem:crary  American 
Criticism*"        This   club  occupies  a  whole   floor  beautifully  decorrtedt 
in  the  Lindy  Building*     A  fine  atmosphere   is  created  the re • 

II  B.l 
II   D  6 

JEWISH    '1=' 

Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Observer,    192*^.  -^ 

____     -  ^ 


The  Second  Annual  Jewish  Art  Exhibit  opened  officially  Wednesday  evening,  "^ 
March  18,  with  a  reception  for  specially  invited  guests  sjid  for  the  art- 
ists. Over  one-hundred- twenty-five  peoole  /=^athered  for  the  reception. 
The  program  was  short  but  very  entertaining  and  appropriate.  Mrs.  Sarah 
E,  G-reco  delighted  the  audience  with  specially  selected  folk  songs. 
Next  followed  a  piano  solo  by  Miss  0.  Golnick,  Rabbi  Zonderling  spoke  on 
"Jewish  Art,"  emphasizing  the  importance  of  Jewish  Art  and  supporting  the 
proposition  that  there  is  a  specific  Jewish  Art. 

After  the  program,  Russian  tea  was  served  from  a  samovar.  Mrs.  Eva  Grinsburg 
is  the  Chairman  of  the  Art  Exhibit,  which  is  being  sponsored  by  the  Jewish 
Women's  Art  Club. 

II  B  1  d  Jav/ISH 


III  A  Daily  Jewish  Courier >   Jan.   4,    1923. 


Throucrji  the  initiative   of  Dr.  Abra^ovitz,  T!.  I^lotok,   and  Ben  David,   a  Hebrew 

club  has  been  organized  in  Chicago.     The  purpose  of  this  club  will  be  to  ^ 

attract  young  men  and  women  v.tio   are  able  to  speak  Hebrew  and  \vho  are  interested  5 

in  reviving  the  Hebrew  spoken  word.     Tlie  club  v;ill  also  plan  social  affairs  -c^ 

for  those  who  are  interested  in  riving  their  spare  time  for  national,   Hebrew  p 

activities.  ^ 


The  first  organization  meeting  will  be  held  Sunday  at  the  clubrooms  of  the  ^ 
Adath  Bnai  Israel,  1552  South  'IMrner  Avenue.  All  young  men  and  women  who  S 
are  able  to  speak  Hebrew  are  requested  to  come.  ^^ 

II  i 

II  E  1  d 

II  B  1  c  (1)  JEWISH 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

Forward,  October  2S,  1322. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  Chicago  Workers  Culture  League,  which  was  held  Thursday 
evening.   The  league  divided  the  work  systematically  into  various  committees, 
The  work  was  divided  into  the  following  sections:  Literary,  dramatic,  art 
and  weekly  lectures. 

In  favor  of  all  memhers  of  the  Workers  Culture  League  it  was  decided  that 
the  members  of  the  League  should  have  the  privilege  of  attending  all  under- 
takings of  the  League  at  half-r-^te.  After  a  financial  rer)ort  of  the  Leagxie 
was  given*by  the  president,  L.  Schaffer,  it  was  determined  to  contribute 
$100  to  the  Literary  Dramatic  Society  from  the  proceeds  of  the  first  a.rt- 
evening,  which  will  take  place  in  the  Palace  Theater.  The  Literary  Dramatic 
Society  shall  receive  1^   of  the  income  from  the  weekly  undertakings  as 

The  following  were  appointed  as  officer?,  and  committees:  L.  Schaffer,  pres- 
ident;. Y.  Halish,  financial  secretary;  J.  Seigel,  treasurer,  A.  Pott, 

;   >        ir  B  1  d 

r  II  B  1  c   (1) 


Forward,   Octoljer  28.   1922.  WPA  (ILL)  ?RCj.3027i 

recording  secretary. 

The  following  were  appointed  in  the  Tnusical  sketches:  Pesovai  and  Kiss 

The  dramatic  sketches  consist  of  :  Dr.  Lorher,  M.  Mason,  Yonah  Spivak  and 

The  art:   Spivak,  Pott,  Gordon  and  Mossavitch. 

On  the  committee  for  weekly  lectures  are:  Hashec,  Natkin  Kalist,  Pesovai 
and  Seigel. 

II  B  1  d 

II  D  -5 


Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Observer.  1923, 

WPA  (ili.^ 

■  •    r     •        '         ■,  '  '  '   ►•■ 

llany  v;ell    .nown  artists  have  their  -/orks  listed  in  the  Art  llxhibit  Cata- 
logue.    The  artists  having  works  at  the  ?Jxhibit  are:   Iiiniil  /irmin,  l>avid 
Bekker,   Borris  Deutch,  Leo  Garland,   Todros  Qeller,   V/illiam  Jacobs.     Grazi* 
ella  Jacoby,  N.   Jenkin,   Zan  D.  Klopper,   Charles  I^aphael  Prilik,  L.  Ruben- 
stein,   Carl  Sacks,   William  S.    :chwart2,   Walter  Schneiderman,  N.   P.   Stein- 
berg, Geo*   IV.   Weisenburg,  Agnds  Clark  'Vinkler  and  Oscar  Yampolsky. 

II  3   1   6. 

V/D',   /"  ;  \ 

T      <^    ^>r> 

-i.  r.  w.,.;  f^Kj.r  jU275 


■'      T*    ,*>  ^^  •" 

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.     i     • 

c^rrrcl.  1  ^"hed 

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f    T, 


•>      c 

n^-'^rt   f'^c   1.   J"*"   ■'".•■r"^^>rn' r-ce. 

II  B  1  d  jmn.SE 


I  E  Daily  Jewish  Courier.  Jan.  19,  1922. 




Comrades,  HebraistsI  The  greatest  Jewish  spiritual  center,  which  was  an  inex- 
haustible source  of  spiritual  nourishment  for  the  whole  Jewish  Diaspora,  has 
been  totetlly  destroyed  by  the  violence  of  our  Jewish  renegades.  Our  national 
Hebrew  educational  institutions  have  been  forced,  through  a  barbaric  decree,  to 
close  their  doors*  Our  Hebrew  publications  have  been  confiscated,  and  the  works 
of  our  talented  poets  and  writers  are  to  be  fo\md  in  stables;  the  immortal  work 
of  our  old,  and  yet  eternally  young,  literature  is  being  destroyed  by  the  Jewish 
"Jesuits^**  The  Jewish  spiritual  home  in  Russia  has  been  totedly  destroyed. 

But  in  spite  of  the  machinations  of  the  Jewish  apostates,  the  Hebrew  literature 
and  the  Hebrew  movement  live  on.  Our  national  poet,  H.  N.  Bialik  has  founded  the 
publication  Hadavar,  which  is  to  serve  as  a  rallying  point  for  the  renaissance 
of  our  literature.  Even  here  in  America,  in  the  land  of  our  spiritual  poverty, 
the  first  faint  traces  of  a  Hebrew  movement  have  begun  to  appear.  We,  the 

II  B  1  d  -  ^  -  Jl!:;/I3H 


t   I  S  Daily  Jewish  Courier^  Jan.  19,  1922. 


Hebraists  of  Chicago,  are  the  only  ones  v;ho  sit  vjith  folded  hands  and 

do  nothing,  lie  are  "platonic  friends"  v;ho  soiaetiLies  lar.ient  our  poverty  and  let 

it  go  at  that.  It  seems  to  be  higii  time  that  a  Hebrev;  Center  was  organized  in 

our  city,  vjhich  could  becone  a  torch  of  light  for  our  liebrev;  raoveiient  and  all 
its  branches. 

A  group  of  Hebraists  in  Chicago  have  undertaken  the  task.  ..t  the  first  meeting 
which  took  place  January  7,  the  liebrew  Center  was  founded.   It  already  has 
many  membt^rs.   The  society,  "Lovers  of  liebrew,"  entered  as  a  unit  into  the  nevj 
organization,  which,  froiii  nov;  on,  will  be  laiov;n  as  the  Hebrev;  Center. 

■7e,  therefore,  appeal  to  all  Hebraists  in  Chicago:  Come  to  our  great  organizational 
meeting  to  be  held  Saturday  evening,  January  21,  in  the  hall  of  the  Kehilath 
Jacob  TaliAuc  Torah,  at  Hamlin  .^venue  ^-.nd  lx)uglas  Boulevard.  Dr.  o.  j..  Helamed, 
Dr.  A.  Levinson,  and  -/r.  .4..  A^ranot  will  be  the  speakers.  Come,  help  us  create 
a  xlebrev;  Center  in  Chicago  I 

la.   A.  Brams,  president, 
A.  Katz,  secretary. 

II  B  1  d 


Pffica^       Jijne  3.  1921  Vv'PA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

A  special  meeting  will  be  held  by  Literary  Dramatlo  Society,  this  eveniog 
at  the  hone  of  S.  Zitch  14^0  N.  Learitt  St. 

Two  reoitation  will  be  presented:  "The  Empty  Saloon"  by  Peretz  Hirshbeln 
and  "Professor  Branner"  by  David  Plnsky* 

II  B  1  d 

II  B  1  c  (3) 

Forward.  May  20,  1921 



The  Literary  and  Dramatic  Society  will  give  a  banquet  in  honor  of  Jacob 
Ben  Ami,  who  will  bid  farewell  to  the  Jews  of  Chicago,  at  312k  M.   12th  Street* 

Strictly  Jewish  entertainment  and  Jewish  atmosphere  is  promised  at  this 

II  3 

Forward,  March  23,   13 

Chicago  Jewish  Literory  Art  Cele'brr>icn 

Sholom  Asch,  the  greatest  Je\rlsh  Author  and  Pla;;^-^,vright ,  is  coming  to 
Chicago  for  the  u'^cond  time,  at  the  request  cf  Chicago  Jewish  intelli^entsisi. 

ftie  Litcrr>ry  Dr-i^matlc  Society  vriTl  present  Ash's  three  one-Act  Flays, 
Snnda;^''  afternoon,  April  10th,  at  the  magnificent  Studetakcr  Theatre,  Wahash 
Avenue,  tet-een  Tan  Bureii  i  Congress  Streets, 

1  Act 
1  Act 
1  Act 

-  T7ith  the  Current 

-  Belief 

-  Palestine 

Sholom  Asch  nYill  Speak  Bet\veen  the  Acts 

Tickets  Will  Be  lor  Sale   In  A  Few  'Dsrs 

(Adv. ) 

II  B  1  d 

II  A  3  d  (1) 

II  D  10 


WPA  (ILL)  PROi.  30276 

Forward,  December  27.  1320. 

The  Literary  and  Dramatic  Society  starts  a  campaign  for  writers,  who  are 
•  facing  starvation  in  Europe. 

The  Society  gives  a  Theater  "benefit  for  this  purpose  at  the  Princess  Theater. 
"Anna"  a  drama  hy  Alshemsky,  Sunday,  Januaiy  S^^*^^   P.  M, 

.  "a*  -^.'i,^.^   ^.,../  !i  .."' 

II  B  1  d 


Forward,  December  7,  1920« 
••Humor  and  Satire  Circle''  organized. 

A  group  of  writers  and  Jewish  intellects  have  recently  convened  and  organized 
a  ••Humor  and  Satire  Circle,"  with  the  intention  of  publishing,  in  Chicago,  a 
literary-humoristic  weekly. 

At  nine  this  evening,  all   the  members  of  the  circle  will  meet  at  Gold's  res- 
taurant, Roosevelt  Rd.  and  Halsted  St.  where  further  discussions  will  be  made 
concerning  the  materialization  of  the  plans. 

II  B  1  d 
II  B  1  a 



Forward,  January  2,  1920. 

The  Literary  and  Drajnatic  Society  will  meet  tonight.  All  memhers  are 
requested  to  "be  present.  A  recommendation  for  the  uniting  with  the  Social* 
ist  Choir  Verein  will  he  discussed.  H.  K.  Marmor  will  introduce  the  impor- 
tance of  uniting. 

II  B  1  d 


Daily  Jewish  Courier  >  Aug.   8,  1919* 


The  Free  Thought  Club  meets  every  Saturday  from  three  until  five  in  the  after- 
noon at  1412  V/est  Twelfth  Street,  at  the  home  of  C.  Levin.  The  club  is  now 
beginning  the  study  of  a  new  book,  Heaven  and  Earth  by  Philip  Kranz,  Non- 
members  may  attend  and  participate  in  the  debates  and  discussions. 



II  5  1  d 

II  E  2  d  (2  &  3) 


WPA  (;LL;PR(]J.3027o 

Forward,  J^ily   20,  I919. 

"In  the  Clouds." 
(An  Anthology) 
Published  "by  "Youn^  Authors  Society,"  Chicago, 
obtainable  a-t  all  book  stores. 

Anno-oncenent:   The  "Ycunf:"  is  the  name  of  a  magazine  which  will  appear,  in 
September,  published  by  the  Young  Authors  Society  with  the  participation  of 
Chicago  writers  and  many  from  outside  the  city. 

For  information,  write  to  Sec'y  Schneider,  I535  S.  California  Ave. 

II  B  1  d 

II  B  1  o  (1) 


Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  January  1918  <>, 

Observer  t^. 

The  YIDDISH  LITERARY  AND  DRAiViATIC  SOCIETY,  which  is  to  the  Yiddish  speaking 
audience  of  our  Conmunity  what  the  Player's  Club  is  to  the  English  speaking      \ 
element,  has  made  excellent  progress  during  the  past  year«  I  am  very  happy       \ 
to  announce  that  that  organization  is  now  a  regular  department  of  the  In- 
stitute and  serves  a  purpose  -wJiich  will  be  very  hard  to  replace*  In  their 
usual  custom,  besides  giving  their  plays  on  the  first  Sunday  Night  of  each 
month,  they  invite  a  Yiddish  poet  and  dramatist  of  international  fame  as  their 
guest  to  speak  to  the  audience.  Among  them  were  David  Pinsky,  Perez  Hershbein. 

The  following  are  few  of  the  plays  presented  and  their  Authors: 

Plays  Authors 

"His  First  Client Kosner 

"Servants  of  The  House"  — ~— — -Sholom  Alecham 
"Sisters  and  Brothers"  ——-.——Mark  Orenstein 



Page  2 

II  B  1  d 

II  B  1  c   (1)  JEWISH 

Chicago  Hetrew  Institute  January  I9IS  ^ 



"Parents  and  Children" Sholom  Alecham  ^^ 

"The  Promise" Perez  Hirschhein 

Subjects  Lectures 

"The  Jewish  Drama" «• ; — "by  H.  Rosenblatt 

"Jewish  Literature  in  America" —by  Mnaham 

"The  Jewish  Workers  Impression  of  Jewish  Literature"  by  S.  Asch 

"Palestine  and  the  Jews"  — by  Sholom  Asch 

"Children  of  Israel" by  Perez  Hirschbein 

The  organization  contributes  its  services  to  any  educational  or  merited  civic 
undertaking.  Thus  they  have  cooperated  with  the  Jewish  War  Sufferers  Pund, 
the  Maccabee  Schools  and  the  Jewish  Singing  Society.   The  department  is  wholly 
self-supporting  and  in  fact  pays  a  small  fee  to  cover  electric  lights,  wear 
and  tear  for  the  use  of  the  hall  when  other  entertainments  are  given.   The  bal- 
ance of  the  income  covers  their  other  expenses. 

II  E  1  d 
•ir  B  1  a 


The  Reform  Advocate.  "fUz.   of  Kovemljer  3,   1917,  Vol.    5U,  p.305. . 


The  Jewish  Literary  Society  of  Zion  Terrole  has  nnderta^cen  the  first   serious-j 
attempt  to  "bring  to  the  public  a.  prograjn  of  distinctive  Jewish  music,   found-o. 
ed  upon  traditiohal  Hehrew  melodies  "by  the  musician,   composer  and  lieder-      *^ 
singer,   Solomon  Goluh. 

The   recital  will  t,ake  place  November  I7,    at  Zion  Temple,     Mr,   Goluh's  work 
has  received  high  praise  from  recognized  musical  8?athorities, 

The  program  will  consist   largely  of  Mr.    G-olub's  own  compositions. 

tS~         .     .V.L     .J 

II  B  1  d 


II  B  1  a 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  J.!ay  11,  1917, 


At  the  last  regular  meetirif-  of  the  iilliance,  Sunday,  May  6,  the  North  West 
Musical  Club  joined  the  Jewish  Educational  .alliance  and  vjill  now  be  called 
the  Jewish  Educational  Alliance  Musical  Club.  Meetings  will  be  held  every 
Sunday  afternoon,  and  rehearsals  on  Ivonday  and  Thursday  evenings.  The 
Northwestern  Dramatic  joined  the  iilliance  also. 

More  information  about  the  activities  can  be  had  at  all  times  in  the  office 
of  the  Alliance. 

II  B  1  d  JK:aSE 


Dally  Jev7ish  Courier,  Apr.  27,  1917 • 


More  than  thiirby  Jewish  journalists  and  leaders  of  the  Jewish  intel- 
ligentsia assembled  yesterday  in  the  Hebrew  Institute  to  discuss  the 
necessity  of  establishing  a  social  center  in  Chicago  for  those  inter- 
ested in  Jewish  literature. 

The  following  were  elected  as  teiTiporary  officers:  Leon  Zolotkoff,  Z.  B. 
Komako,  and  Kasier,  on  the  art  comnittee.  A  special  comrnittee,  appointed 

to  work  out  plans  for  the  organizition  is  made  up  as  follows:  Judge 
Philip  Bregstone,  John  Spivak,  J.  Siegal,  S.  B.  Llaksiman,  and  B.  J.  Shapiro. 

II  B  1  d 


The  Reform  Advocate >  Vol.  5I,  Wlc.  of  ^eli.  I9,  I916.  p.Uy. 

Yiddish  writers  and  friends  of  Yiddish  literature  of  Chicago  held  a 
meeting  in  the  Ashland  Cluh  House,  February  I6,  and  organized  a  Yiddish 
•  Press  Club  for  social  purooses. 


»  , 

II  B  1  d 

II  B  2  d  (1) 



The  Sentinels  Volumes  Zl^ZZ;   V/eek  of  January  Zd^    1916,  Page  ZZ% 

The  Yiddish  writers  of  Chioago  have  formed  an  assooiationt  whose  edm   is  the  /^ 
furthering  of  public  interest  in  Yiddish  literature*  Among  the  members     K^ 
are:-  Leon  Zolothoff,  Jewish  Courier #  J«  B«  Loebner,  Jewish  Record «  S.  B»    -^ 
KomaikOf  Jewish  Daily  News  of  New  York,  S.  Oreenblau,  Jewish  Press ^  M. 
Backall,  VorwaertSt  K.  Marmor,  Per  Kunst  Freund,  D#  Aberson,  Unser  Leben# 
Morris  Siskind,  Jewish  Labor  World.  William  Zuokeman,  Vorwaerts  of  New  York, 
J.  Spivack,  Jewish  Record  and  L«  Talmy,  Unser  Yirort# 


II  B  1  d 
II  B  1  c  (1) 
II  B  1  a 
II  B  1  6 


WPA /ILL)  P/?0J.3DZ75 

Daily  Jewish  Gourier,  Nov.  13 >  1914- • 


Within  the  last  few  weeks  a  Jewish  Literary  and  Art  Society  has  been 
founded  in  Jhicago^  which  has  undertaken  the  task  of  organizing  stnd 
uniting  all  the  Jewish  national  progressive  elements  willing  to  devote 
their  time  to  developing  and  distributing  Jewish  literature^  music  and 
drama*  It  is  hoped  to  enlist  every  one  who  has  the  revival  of  the 
Jewish  national  spirit  at  hearty  and  who  would  like  to  help  strengthen 
and  support  the  Jewish  spirit • 

This  sociaty  is  divided  into  three  divisions!  a  literary ,  a  dramatic, 
and  a  musical,  and  each  individual  may  render  his  or  her  support  to 
any  one  or  all  of  these  dividions* 

The  literary  division  will  devote  its  efforts  to  the  popularizing  and 
support  of  Jewish  literature;  the  dramatic  section,  to  staging  the  best 
dramas # 


II  B  1  d 


The  Sentinel,  Volumes  13-14;  Week  of  February  27,  1914.  Page  13» 

The  Herzl  Literary  Club,  has  recently  affiliated  itself  with  the  Knights 

of  Zion*  This  orgsuiization  is  oomposed  of  young  men,  who  contemplate  giving 

lectures  and  entertainments  for  propaganda  work  and  social  welfare* 

The  officers  of  the  club  ea*e:<-  Jacob  Jacobsen,  chairmani  Joe  Gross,  vice- 
chairman;  Louis  Lavender,  recording  secretary;  Frank  Kennon,  financial 
secretary;  and  A*  J*  Block,  treasurer* 



The  Progressive  Literp-ry  and  Dramatic  Glut  is  one  of  the  Institnte     -r*. 

II  3  1  d 

Ii  S  1  c  (1)  '  JTOISH 

Chicago  Helsrew  Institute  Ot server.  February  I91U         . 

The  Progressive  Literary  and  Dramatic  Club:  C^^ 


organizations  that  has  in  no  way  permitted  the  warm  T^e.^ther  to  interfere  Tirith 
its  work*  The  meetings  have  been  well  attended,  and  the  "business  has  "been 
conducted  in  a  spirited  manner.   It  has  "been  said  that  when  a  group  of  people 
"become  of  one  opinion,  mental  stagriation  results.  Surely,  this  Club  is  in  no 
danger  of  such  a  prospect,  as  the  members  seem  to  be  alive  to  each  situation 
and  interesting  ideas  are  always  forthcoming.   One  would  almost  be  led  to  think 
that  thirJcir^  in  Yiddish  is  conducive  to  sharp  wits,  for  the  meetings  are  con- 
ducted entirely  in  this  tongue. 

Try-outs  are  now  being  held  in  order  to  select  the  caste  for  "Eie  Misch- 
poche",  by  Humberg.  This  is  a  very  intense  Yiddish  draaa;  one  that  appeals  to 
the  lover  of  the  best  in  Yiddish  Dramatic  Art. 

The  selection  of  such  a  play  certainly  gives  weight  to  one  of  the  princi- 
pal objbcts  of  the  Club,  namely,  the  elevation  of  the  Yiddish  stage,  which  lias 
been  on  the  decline  since  the  death  of  Jacob  &ordon#  nith  such  an  aggressive 
Literary  and  Dramatic  Club,  these  performances  are  among  the  most  well-attended 
of  those  given  by  Institute  organizations. 

II  B  1  d 

II  B  led) 
I     C 


(ftleage  Hebrew  Instlttit*  Obterrer,  Beeeaiber,  1913* 


On  Jantiary  lOth^  191^f  the  Progresslre  Literary  and  Dramatic  Club  of  the  ^ 
Chi  cage  Hebrew  Institute  will  celebrate  Its  fifth  annlTersary*   !Che  Club  was 
organised  fire  years  ago  by  a  few  Inmlgrant  Jewish  young  men  and  women  of  this 
city*  It  Is  a  self-supporting  organisation*  which  has  recelwed  no  support  er 
assistance  whatever  from  any  outside  sources* 

Xhe  Pregresslre  Literary  and  Dramatic  Club  Is  the  result  of  that  general 
awakening  of  art  feeling,  and  lore  of  art  pleasure  that  has  penetrated  the  souls 
of  our  modem  Bus slaa- Jewish  youth*   It  Is  the  resxilt  of  that  wave  of  protest 
against  the  modem  Tlddlsh  Theatre^  which  Is  at  the  present  time  controlled  by  a 
few  lucre-hux^ry  Individuals  who  produce  such  plays  as  appeal   to  the  baseness 
and  vulgarity  of  the  mob  and  satisfy  the  appetite  of  the  populace*  fhls  con- 
viction tends  Inevitably  to  lower  the  standard  of  Tlddlsh  dramatic  literature  In 
this  country* 

She  members  of  the  Progressive  Literary  and  Dramatic  Club  realise  and  are 
fighting  for  the  recognition  of  the  distinction  between  popular  amusement  and 
drama*  In  this  connection  It  Is  Important  to  quote  the  opinion  of  the  greatest 
art  critic  the  world  has  ever  produced:  John  Baskln*  ""^ll  art  which  has  for 
Its  puxpose  to  amuse, and  purposes  amusement  to  Its  end,  must  be  of  an  Inferior 


II   B     1  d  -  2   -  '-  ^  .1  ■^'  ■> 

II   5   1   o   (1) 
I  C 



Gi tica^-o  Ilebrev/  Institute    Observer,    Jecembor   1913 ••  '(^L 

'■       -  I  i  *"'■  1.1  ■  ■       .■!!.  I''  C-'^ 

'      ^* 

charaoter,  and  is  usually  more  harmful  than  ^:oocU" 

The  youns  raen  and  v/omen  of  the  Progresoive  Literary  p>nd   Dramatic 
Club  advocate  the  freedom  of  modern  Yiddish  dramatist  of  portray  all  aspects 
of  life,  the  freedom  of  phrase  and   style,  and  of  all  dramaturgic  teohnioue 
that  makes  for  artistic  drama,  ?nd  in  accordance  v/ith  these  views  and  aims 
they  have  produced  plays  that  constitute  the  acme  of  modern  Yiddish  drama* 
T/ithin  the  last  few  years  they  have  produced  such  plays  as  God,  yjxn   and  Devil« 
by  JDCob  Gardin;  V^ith  The  Current,  by  Sholem  Asch;  a  dramati.'rt  ^vhose  plays 
have  been  translated  from  the  Yiddish  and  played  in  the  Royal  Theater  at 
Berlin;  Hear,  0  Israel,  by  Osip  Oivov;  The  Sisters,  by  J.  L.  Peretz,  The 
Brothers,  by  Abraham  Reizin,  and  The  Doctor,  by  Sholem  Aleichem,  the  Mark 
T\,7ain  of  modern  Judea;  German  literature  occasionally,  and,  at  different 
interval-^,  the  Progresr.ive  Liter'^ry  and  Drr-.matic  Club  has  arranged  litercjry 
eveninf-s,  v;hen  readings  of  the  g-eatest  Yiddish  poets  have  been  rdven  by 
the  most  talented  of  its  members • 

II  B  1  d  -  3  -  jh:'t:sh  - 

II  B  1  o  (1)  •■' 


Ghiorj^o  Hebre^Y  Institute  Observer,  Deoerabor  1913 • 


In  1911  and  1912,  the  Progressive.  Literary  and  Drametic  Club  arranged 
a  series  of  discussions  of  the  modern  drama  and  ';uestions  of  dramaturgic 

techni'-'Ue  and  construction  v/ere  intelligently  discussed.   The  educational 

V'.lue  of  these  discussions  cannot  be  overestimated.   This  season  the  follov/- 

ing  plays  v/ill  be  produced:  Hear,  0  Israel,  by  Osip  Dimov;  People,  by  Sholem 

Aleichem;  The  Sternal  Sonp;,  by  Iviark  Orenstein.  "Jith  even  more  enthusiasm, 

the  future  v/ork  is  being  planned.  Next  season  the  Club  v/ill  present  Ibsen, 
Hauptman,  Suderman,  and  Schnitzer,  in  Yiddish  Translations. 

II  B  1  d 

II  B  2  a 

III  3  2 


WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30275 

Daily  Jewish  Courier^    Sept.   30,   1913 • 

Dear  Sditort 

*        Kindly  publish  in  your  v/orthy  newspaper  the  following  report   on 
the  !•   L.  Peretz  Literature  Verein,   branch  of  the  A.  N.   A,   F.  No.   77s 

This  branch  meets  the  1st  and  3rd  Sunday  of  each  nonth.     The  meetings 
are  mostly  devoted  to  debates  of  every  nature,   lectures  on  all  subjects, 
recitations  and  discussions.     The  purpose  of  the  meeting   is,    in  general, 
to  develop  the   literary  aesthetics   of  the  members.     This  branch  also  has 
a  library   in  which  there  are   250  books  by  different   authors  to   suit  the 
individual  tastes  of  the  readers.     7/inter  is  now  setting  in,  with  its  long 
nights   in  which  we  can  transact   activities.      iVe  urge  those  who  are 
nationalist ically  inclined  to  become  members   of  our  branch  and  support 
us   in  our  important  work. 

Trusting  that  you  will  publish  this  report.     I  remain, 

Respectfully  yours, 

Molly  Ginsburg,  secretary* 

II  B  1  d 
II  B  2  6 

Daily  Jev/ish  Courier >   Jon.   31,   1913. 


/r^iii;  isvn/ji  SHOIL-Jtc  ssfa'f-i  aTiH^ 

On  Stinday,  Febriiary  2,   it  v/ill  be  thirty  years  since  the  Ilevrah  Shohare  Sefath 
Aver  (Tlie  Society  of  the  Revivers  of  the  Hebrew  Language)   organized  itself  in 
Chicaco.     Thirty  years  have  elapsed  since  a  snail  croup  of  intellectuals  laid 
the  cornerstone  of  a  Jewish  cultural  center  in  Chicago  v/here  young  Jev/ish  men 
and  women  who  love  the  Hebrew  language  can  meet  and  plan  ways  of  spreading  the 
language  among  the  great  masses  of  the  Jev/ish  people.     Thirty  years  have  passed     P= 
since  a  foundation  was  laid  for  this  Jexrtsh  institution  whose  task  it  is  to  ^ 

disseminate  Jev/ish  culture  and  sciehce  among  the  Jev/ish  people.     In  the  past  ^ 

thirty  years  the  Jev/ish  people  have  passed  through  many  vicissitudes.     Various        £^ 
advocates  of  various  dogmas  have  appeared  on  the  scene—but  there  remains  no  ^] 

mejdory  of  them 

ilnyone  v/ho  has  his  finger  on  the  pulse  of  the  Jev/ish  people  knoxvs  v/hat  the  other 
so-called  cultural  centers  have  accomplished.     They  have  aroused  confusion  in 
the  minds  of  those  intellectuals  v/ho  change  their  ideals  and  attitudes  as  quickly 
as  dust  clianges  into  a  storm.     Tliey  have  created  spiritual  cliques  which  have 

II  B  1  d  -  2  -  JEV/ISH 

II  B  2  g 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Jan.  31,  1913. 

seduced  the  Jewish  worker  from  his  race  and  from  his  faith,  and  have  laade  him 
a  victim  of  nihilism* 

The  Kevrah  Shohare  Sefath  Aver,  however,  well  understands  that,  in  order  to 
develop  a  high  morale  in  a  people,  the  child  must  receive  the  proper  cultural 
food«  The  Hevrah  can,  therefore,  point  proudly  to  the  healthy  children  which 
it  has  reared.  The  followers  of  other  organizations,  however,  have  remained 
foreign  to  the  Jewish  people  and  foreign  to  themselves,  while  we  meet  former 
members  of  the  Kevrah  Shohare  Sefath  Aver  in  all  v/alks  of  life.  They  have  come 
to  be  our  present  social  workers;  they  take  an  active  part  in  everything  per- 
taining to  Judaism. 

No  one  can  doubt  the  fact  that  every  Chicago  Jew,  who  considers  the  Hebrew 
language  sacred  and  who  knows  that  in  order  to  preserve  the  Jewish  nation  he 
must  first  of  all  preserve  the  Hebrew  language,  will  come  and  greet  the 
Hevrah  Shohare  Sefath  Aver  on  their  thirtieth  anniversary. 



II  B  1  d 


II  B  2  a 

WPA(iLL)PROJ.  30275 
^-,  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  October  9>  1912. 


We  announce  to  the  Chicago  Jewry  that  the  library  is  already  open 
to  the  public.  The  reading  hours  Eire  from  7  to  11  daily  and  from 
7  to  4  on  Saturday  and  Sunday^  The  public  is  invited  to  visit  the 
Library  (of  the  Hebrew  Speaking  Society). 

Services  will  also  be  conducted  by  a  quorum  of  worshippers  on 

Lectures  on  Jewish  literature  and  history  will  be  held  every  Friday 


M.  Sider,  president. 

II  B  1  d 



WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  3^275 

Courier,   U-7-10 

A  EelDrew  Literar:,'-  meeting  v-'ill  "be  held  Saturday  3:00  P.M.    at   the  Jewish 
Settlement,    cor.    Clinton  and  Jord  Streets.      ^!r.    J.    vTold  will   STjeak  on  Mos'es 
Leb  Lilienbloom.      A.    Cohn  of  Minneapolis  vdll   ?peal^  on  Solfimoa  Rubin.      All 
Fho  understand  Hebre\^  are   invited  to  come. 

H.    Eobitz,    Secretary. 

II  E  1  d 
I  V 



Courier,  May  2,  I909. 
FEai  ^EK  TO  WSr-K. 


The  Yehoash  Literar;y"  Group,  who  undertook  to  have  a  part,  or  if  possible,  the 
complete  works  of  Yehoash  translated  into  English,  elected  officers.   T?iey  are: 
Dr.  David  Blaustein,  chairman;  Leon  Zolotkoff,  vice- chairmen;  B,  Hunritz,  sec- 
retary and  treasurer.   S.  B.  Koiripiko,  Harry  Lii^sky,  Vs^   Shulman,  pud  Israel 
Reizhum,  are  in  the  active  committee.   The  ner'ly  electerl  officers  undertook  to 
lead  the  cpjnpaign  to  a  successful  finish.  A  sum  of  money  b?s  "been  invested  al- 
ready for  the  translations  of  <^.ome  of  Yahoash's  poetry.   Some  of  his  poetry  ?7ill 
soon  he  published  in  different  Enfdish  maf^azines  and  ne^"S"opr)ers.   Those  who  pre 
anxious  to  see  Yehoash*  s  works  trnislated  into  En,p:lish,  have  heen  hi/^:hly  elated 
"by  the  announcement.   They  are  confident  that  the  ^^reat  Jevish  poet  who  is  he- 
loved  amongst  Jews,  will  also  he  acclaimed  in  English  literar;^'-  circles. 

II  B  1  d 



Daily  jev;ish  Courier,  Apr.  lo,   1909, 

TILH  Hl^BRj^Z-SPILyrmiG  GROUP  IS  HI  A  "COliA'' 

In  our  land  of  national  r eavjakeninc ,  Palestine,   the  comiiion  laborers,  as  v;ell 
as  the  intellectuals,   speal:  liebrev;  at  all  tines#     In  that  country  even  the 
birds  sine  tiieir  prayers  in  Iiebrev.%     This  condition  does  not  exist  in  our 
liebrevz-speakinc  group  in  Chicago.     The  g2X)up  is  obviously  in  a  "coma" — not 
because  of  any  financial  difficulties  but   sinply  because  our  nembers  do  not 
attend  the  neetings.     'jliile  the  Hebrev;  language  is  gaining  ground  in  Palestine, 
it   is  getting  \;eaker  and  v/eaker  here. 


Eriends  who  have   just  arrived  here  frox:i  the  old  countryl     itoericanized  J"ev/sl  ^ 

Students  and  workers  and  all  i/ho  love  the  Hebrev:  language— help  us  reorganize 

our  group.     The  IIebrev/-s peaking  group  must  exist,  and  the  vzork  of  the  devel-  ^ 

opment  of  our  Hebrew  lan^^age  and  literature  /mist  continue/. 

Reiaember  that  the  Hebrew  language  is  being  revived  now,  and  that  our  Hebrew 
group  must  be  revived  along  v/ith  it  J     Forget  that  you  are  living  in  IDxile,   and 

II  B  1  d  -  2  -  JE17ISII 

III  ^L 

Daily  Jeavish  Courier,  Apr.   lb,   1909 • 

think  about  our  freedom  and  our  national  lanGua^eJ     Cone,  help  us  revive  the 
Ilebrevj-speakinc  group! 

V/ith  Eebrev;  greetings, 

Yehoshua  Seligrnan,   secretary,  ^, 




II  B  1  d 
II  B  2  f 


The  Courier.  November  22,  1907. 

The  Agudath  Ivrlth#  (Hebrew  Literary  Society) t  is  an  organization  for  the 
purpose  of  spreading  the  study  of  the  Hebrew  language •  The  organization  has 
club  rooms  at  332  W#  12th  Street*  Room  ffZlf   where  one  may  find  many  current 
Hebrew  Newspapers  and  Journals* 

Every  day  from  3  to  7  ?•  M«,  the  Hebrew  language  is  being  taught  to  the  small 
Jewish  children  in  acoordcmce  with  the  latest  methods*  There  is  also  going 
to  be  a  Hebrew  class  for  adultSt  for  which  we  are   accepting  applications 
now  every  evening* 

This  Saturday  evening*  the  23rd  of  November t  we  are  having  at  the  club  a 
special  literary  evening*  Ur«  Haftt  will  recite  and  read  a  few  compositions 
of  some  noted  Jewish  Hebrew  writers*  After  this  free  debates  will  be  in 
order • 


I*J*  Seligman 

II  B   1  d 


THE  DAILY  JEV/ISH  COURIER,    October  23,    1908 

VVPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

"Ben-ishiah"   In  Chicago 

Mr*  David  Greenberg,  the  well  known  Jewish  poet,  who  writes  under  the 
name  of  "Ben-ishiaht "  yesterday  arrived  to  ChicagOf  in  order  to  celebrate 
the  50th  Jubilee  of  Mr.  Aaron  Hellert  which  will  take  place  tomorrow 
evening  at  the  Hull  House* 

Mr*  Aaron  Heller,  who  is  celebrating  the  50th  anniversary t  has  attained 
recognition  through  his  poetry*  Those  who  read  his  work  derived  a 
great  deal  of  pleasure*  At  the  celebration  a  capacity  crowd  of  business 
people  is  awaited,  among  whom  Mr*  Heller  has  made  a  name  for  himself, 
as  well  as  all  friends  of  Jewish  literature* 


II  B  1  d 
II  B  2  g 


Courier,   Octo'ber  U,   igOJ. 


New  Series  of  Lectures  Started  by  Hebrew  Literary  Society  Tonight* 

The  new  series  of  lectures  of  the  Hebrew  Literary  Society,  of  this  winter  sea- 
son, starts  tonight  with  a  lecture  on  "Americanism  and  Zionism,"  by  Leon  Zolot- 
koff ,  editor  of  the  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  and  known  throughout  the  country  as 
one  of  the  most  brilliant  Jewish  speakers  in  the  world  today. 

The  following  will  lecture  on  successive  Fridays:  Rabbi  Stolz,  Rabbi  Fisher, 
Dr.  Yudelson,  Rabbi  Israelson,  Rev,  Budjinsky,  Mr.  Harris  Horwltz  and  Mr,  Max 

Everyone  Interested  is  Invited  to  attend  regular  Friday  night,  evening  meet- 
ings. The  Sabbath  School  of  the  Hebrew  Literary  Society  will  open  next  Sat- 
urday.  Your  children  may  still  be  enrolled.   Do  so  now. 



II  B  1  d 

II  B  2  d  (2) 


The  Beform  Advocate,Vol.21,Wk.of  May  lt,1901,  P.36g. 


In  lgS9  the  Hebrew  Literary  Association  of  Chicago,  a  society  organized  ^ 
by  a  niimber  of  Hassian  Jewish  reformers  in  the  interest  of  the  Hebrew  language  '\ 
and  literature,  made  an  attempt  to  publish  a  monthly  magazine  in  Hebrew.  !Pwo  ^ 
issues  appeared  under  the  name  of  "Keren  Or"  (Hay  of  Light).  These  numbers 
contained  articles  written  by  Dr.  Pelsenthal,  Mr.  Peretz  Wiemik,  and  H.  ^^ 
Eliassof •  But  it  seems  that  no  Hebrew  paper  can  exist  for  any  length  of  time  ;^ 
in  this  country,  and  it  was  discontinued.  /"^ 



II  E  1  d 

The  He  form  Advocate.  Wk,of  Iviay  U,1901,Vol.21,p.322. 




The  Washington  Literary  Society  was  organized  in  Chicago  in  the  year 
-1260,  and  was  the  first  Jewish  social  organization  in  the  State  of  Illinois. 
•It  catered  mostly  to  the  social  side  of  its  members,  but  it  took  great  pride 
in  its  literary  debates  and  dramatic  performances*   Among  its  members  were       § 
Mr.  Emanuel  Mandel,  Mr.  Adolph  Shire »  Mr^  Jacob  Metzler,  Mr.  Louis  Rosenthal, 
Mr.  Louis  Oberndorf,  Mr.  Jacob  Katz,  Mr.  Max  Polachek,  and  Mr.  Jacob  D. Cahn. 
-It  had  a  very  prosperous  existence  for  a  number  of  years*  Then  the  majority 
of  its  members  entered  the  state  of  matrimoriy  and  lost  interest  in  the  society, 
which  died  a  natural  death.  Following  is  a  list  of  the  officers  who  served  in 

J.  Greenhood,  President;  Mr.  Kewberger,  Vice-President;  Jacob  L.  Cahn, 
Seci^etary;  J.  Kahn,  Treasurer;  and  J.  Katz,  Librarian.  ; 

From  this  list  it  appears  that  the  society  also  maintained  a  library,         I 
the  nature  of  which  we  are  unable  to  state.  | 

II  B  1  d 
II  B  2  f 

j^n  SH 


The  Reforrg  Advocatet  V7k.  of  Nov*  11,  1893.  p.208,  'ifi 

The  two  Russian  societies,  Sopho  Berwiah  ana  Dorshai  Safruth,  have  united 
under  the  name  of  Sochrai  Sfath  Ever*  The  new  organization  is  a  strong  one  and 
will  accomplish  much  good  in  its  main  object,  the  instruction  of  the  young  in 
Jewish  history*  The  rooms,  at  63  Judd  street,  are  open  daily  to  all,  until  10 
o*  clock  at  night. 

II  B  1  d  JEy^ISH  ' 

II  B  2  d  (2) 

The  Reform  Advocate >  Wk«  of  Nov.  4,  1893t 


The  Sopho  Berurah  and  Dorshai  Safros,  two  literary  societies  of  this  city, 
composed  mainly  of  intelligent  young  Russian  Jews,  held  a  joint  meeting  last 
Sunday  evening,  to  do  honor  to  the  memory  of  the  late  Ur«  Sederbaum,  editor 
of  the  Hamelitz* 

II  B   1 



The  Hefcrm  Advocate,   Nov«    14,    1891« 

/organize  NS/  SCCIETY^ 

In  sjiswer  tc  the  call   itisued  by  Dr.  Moses  for  the  forrae.ticn  of  a  society  for 
the  study  of  Jewish  -^^istcry  end  Literpture,   a  number  cf  ladies   ond  t:*entlemen 
liiet   last  v/eek  in  the  vestry  room  of  K»  A»   !'•   Temple  and  icrined  a  te.ipcrary 
organization,  with  lir.    Israel  as  chairiaan. 

The  society  adopted  the  naiae   cf  •^The  K«   A.   !'•    }(nov/ledf-e  Seekers,**    its  ob- 
ject,  religious   and  literary  culture  btA  the  establish:  ent  and  maintenance 
cf  a  library.      The  merribership  is  net    iiiuited  tc  Hiejubers   cf  the   K.   A.   ]'•    ccn- 
{^rejation.     Applications  r.ust  be  signed  by  two  i..eiabers   cf  the  society,   and 
are  then  passed  upon  by  the  Executive  Corjiittee. 

II  B  1  d 
II  B  2  a 

The  Reform  Advocate.  Wk.  of  Sept.  26,  1891. 




The  Lasker  Literary  Society  has  established  a  library  of  the  best  class  of     ^ 
books  and  magazines*  Additions  in  all  lines  of  literature  arp  being  con-     \ 

stantly  made  to  it*  As  soon  as  the  society  secures  permanent  quarters^ 
the  library  will  be  open  to  the  public  on  the  regular  meeting  days# 

II  B  1  d 
II  B  2  g 

The  Refona  Advocate,  Wk#  of  June  19,  1B91# 



The  Lasker  Literary  Society  will  hold  its  next  regular  meeting  at  Lincoln 
Hall,  68  £•  Adams  St*,  Sunday,  June  21«  One  of  the  principal  features  of 
the  program  will  be  a  Joint  debate  with  the  Cremieux  Literary  Society*  The 
subject  to  be  discussed  is  ^Whether  success  is  due  more  to  perseverance  than 
to  genius#^  The  Lasker  representatives  will  maintain  the  affirmative  cause, 
while  the  negative  will  fall  to  the  lot  of  the  Cremieux* 




II   E   1  d 

The  Reform  Advocate,   ^-^ay  2^,    1391« 

/hliSKER  30CISTY  PRO'lRiUvT' 

The  Lasker  Literary  Society  will  hold  its  next  regular  iueetin-  on  Sunde.y 
afternoon  s.t  ^ib-rty  Hall,    70  Adaip.s  Street.     The  following  pro-rajn  will 


Criticism H.   Jelonak 

PiBiio  Solo i-Iiss  T.   Stifel 

Essay -ax  Senuels 

Postponed  Debate Affirmative,   :  oses   Sej.uels 

:Jef,ative,  Leo  !!•  Stern 

Essay — -j^jiton  Pollak 

Vocal  Solo  — • ^I'iss  B.  Johnson 

Leiker  Review Editor 

Sketch  of  V/asliincton  Irvinr;  -  Simon  Vehon 

Readin*? -Henry  Auberbach 

Reading  of  ::o.]  Jet,  Act  I  Scene  5 

Ho^ulet r.iss  H.    Bx 

Ghost Oscar  Lowenthal 

I'arcellus   -  ^^enry  Auberbach 
Horatio   —  ".dss   J«   Lewin 

Critic  of  Reading Ki^s  T.  Starr 

1     ^^  Qnr"{-f:'t-ions  ~- •"*"  All  l»-embers 

sitors  are  welcome  ^^uc-c-xicub  




II  E  1  d 

JS.7I3H  ^ 


The  Reform  Advcoa.tej   Tay  lu,    1891. 


The  Cremieux  Literary  Society  defeated  the  Cciumbia  Literary  Society  in  their 
match  debate,  Sunday,  I.. ay  oBd»  The  papers  of  kisses  Rose  Stern  and  Nellie 
Kohn,  were  excellent  end  rore  hi-^hly  appreciated.  The  next  debate  will  be  be 
tween  the  Creiuieux  9nd  Lftsker  Literary  Societies,  Sunday,  June  21st,  at  \7ash- 
ington  Hall.  The  Cremieux  v/ill  hold  its  re^:;ular  me^tinj  Sunday  afternccn,  o.t 
Eraerscn  Mall* 


I  3  1  d 

The   ":efQi?:  .jivocato,   ':ai"*   :7/ ,    1891. 

Tlie  Lasker  Literary  Society,   :'ill  held   its  noxt  regular  neetiny  at  Hsy^iarket 
Hall,    Sunday,   !:arch  n9th,  v;hen  tke   :'!:  llovdny  prorram  '..111  be  ;  rccented: 

Criticiar::  -  -  ::r,    Cincn  Vehcn 

Vocal   solo  -     I'iss  ^'ello  J"chnccn 

P.eauinr;  -  -  -  V::*.   Iienr^'  Jeloi:.:;}: 

EsGay  -  -  -  -  yr.  Ai.ton  Pollak 

liano  duet  -  kiss  k.  ■."itko'.7G-:y  -  kiss  T.  .-:tiofol 

Debate kecolved:     That   Caenar  v/aG   a  c>^es.ter  states- 
nan  thcvn  [^erxSTcilm 

AffiiMative  -  yis^:  II.   Cinon,   kr.   J.G.    Grossberr; 

keyativc  -   H.  Auberach,   kr.  kcses  Samuels 
Pteadinc  fror.i  kiunlet,  Act   I  Scene  3, 

Ot)helia  -  -  kiss  k.   Suierel 

II  Bid 

•The  Reform  advocate,   liar,   27,    1391, 

Laertes   -  -  :.:r.   "^oses  Sanuols 
Polonius  -     I.'r*  Harry  V;olf 

Laslcer  :Aevier7  -  L.  :'..   otorn 

Ouo tat ions  -  -  - 

All  nembers,   all  visitors  v/elcaie^ 

TIT-  -T  CTT 

c  — J  . .  J,  Oil 

II  B  1  d 

II   B  1  a 

The  Hefor!!  ildvocnte,   -;>.   of  ::ar.   20,    1C91. 

The  Crenieux  Literar:^  Society,  v;ill  hold  its  refulcr  r.^etiiic  at  lirierson  Hall, 
45  Z.  Randolph  Street,  Siniday,  ::arch  :32nd,  at  3  o'cloc::.  An  interesting  pro- 
gra::,   both  literary  and  ;.ur>ical,    is  rrcnined, 

?repai*ations  are  heinf:  nade  fcr  t'-.e  annunl  rrorionade  ci  ncort  and   hep  of  the 
Cremieux  hiterarp  ::>cGiotp,     ?rofesr,or  A.  hcsenbech-or  mid  Ms  orchestra  of 
thirop  piecen,  -;ill  furnirh  the  rxx^ic  and  a  professional  sin^^er  has   alco  been 
en,^aned  for  the  occasion.         The   affair  v;ill  take   place  at   the  horth  Side 
Turner  Tall,   Jaturday  evenin':,   ..j^ril  4th. 

ir  B  1  d 

II  D  2 


The  Ocoldent.    Sept 61111)6 r  10,    1866. 


Th6  Honor  B«  J«  Dayld,  Deputy  Supreme  President •  organized  Occidental  Lodge     c^, 
Monday  Eveningt  SeptemlDer  6  inst»  in  St*  Georges  Hall  162  E»  Madison  Street^     x^ 
with  a  large  Charter  membership»  composed  of  many  of  the  most  learned  pro- 
fessional and  able  business  men  in  our  oity« 

After  the  election  and  installation  of  officers  and  appropriate  speeches  had 
been  made  by  the  various  members*  the  Honor  B«  J*  David  replied, 

"Officers  and  members,  it  affords  me  great  pleasure  to  see  so  much  enthusi- 
asm in  my  midst,  which  demonstrates  to  me  that  you  are  well  pleased  with  the 
noble  princiT5les  of  this  Order*  On  April  26^   1881,  the  first  lodge  was  or- 
ganized, and  now  its  usefulness  has  reached  nearly  every  State  in  the  Union* 
(Tellow-Pever  districts  excepted.)  It  is  universally  accepted  by  the  most 
competent  Judges  to  be  one  of  the  most  refined,  useful  inexpensive  and  pro- 

II  B  1  d  -2-  JEWISH 

II  D  2 

The  Oocldent*  September  10,  1886*  >* 


gressivd  sooiaties  in  existenoet  and  endorsed  by  our  best  class  of  citizens^ 
Its  objects  are  literaryt  social  and  mutual  aidt  c^d  gives  its  members  the  ^ 
kind  of  protection  they  require*  because  it  pays  llfOOOf  iBfOOO*  or  fS^OOOt 
the  full  amountf  to  its  members  first  should  they  become  permanently  dis*    ^ 
abled  by  accident  or  disease  by  which  they  can  enjoy  it  while  livingt  or      <>* 
second  when  they  attain  the  age  of  serenty  five  years t  or  third  at  the 
death  of  a  membert  the  amount  goes  to  their  will  and  this  endowment  is  paid 
within  thirty  days  rf'ter  being  notified  of  such. 

"I  trust  that  you  will  ever  bear  in  mind  that  charity  is  one  of  the  noble 
principles  of  this  order*  and  that  you  will  never  be  guilty  of  withholding 
the  hand  of  charity  from  any  deserving  member." 

II  B  1  d 
ir  B  2  a 
II  B  2  g 

The  Occident,  March  5,  1886. 


The  Jewish  Slavonic  citizens  of  Chicago  met  on  Sunday  last  at  569  Canal  St.,  '% 

for  the  purpose  of  organizing  more  fully  their  society,  entitled ^ 

"Developers  of  Hebrew  Literature."  Among  the  more  notable  persons  present 
who  addressed  the  meeting  were:-  Mr.  A.  Paradise,  Dr«  Albert  Kadi  son,  H. 
Eliasof,  Dr.  B.  Felsenthal,  Rabbi  T.  G.  Lesser,  Rabbi  Abraham  A.  Alperstein, 
Elieser  Anixter  and  others.  With  other  citizens  who  were  present  were:- 
Mr.  E.  Rubovits,  P.  Kiss  and  Julius  Silversmith,  editor  of  the  Cccident* 

After  calling  the  meeting  to  order,  Mr*  Paradise  welcomed  the  invited  guests 
to  whom  he  explained  the  object  of  the  meeting.   He  stated  that  the  society 
had  been  formed  to  give  the  young  element  an  opportunity  of  improving  their 
time  for  purpose  of  education,  and  social  position;   that  the  society  had 
already  a  nucleus*  of  some  five-hundred  Hebrew  volumes,  ten  newspapers  and  were 
now  endeavoring  to  raise  suf-Ticient  means  to  enlarge  this  library. 


II  B  1  d 
TI  B  2  a 
II   B   2  g 



The   OcQJdentt    March  5^    1886 




Dr«  Kadison  then  made  a  stirring  appeal  to  his  countrymen  to  aid  the  society 
in  their  venture  for  the  improvement  of  the  Slavonic  Jews  in  Chicago*   In  his 
endeavor  to  scientifically  show  that  only  through  atomism  were  societies  formed, 
he  stated  in  brief  that  the  object  of  the  association  was  the  education  of 
its  copatriots,  that  every  Sunday  evening  there  would  be  a  business  meeting, 
other  evenings  during  the  week  would  be  devoted  to  the  reading  of  pepers  and 
the  delivery  of  lectures,  and  at  stated  meetings  instructions  in. Hebrew  would 
be  given;  thirdly  general  dissertations  upon  science  would  be  held.  Dr« 
Felsenthal  followed  with  an  able  address  in  which  he  strenously  advocated 
the  furtherance  of  this  project,  and  was  vociferously  applauded. 

After  Dr«  Felsenthal,  Mr.  Eliasof,  delivered  a  lengthy  Hebrew  essay  from 
manuscript,  upon  the  progress  made  by  the  Jevfs  throughout  the  Unites  States; 

II  B  1  d  -3-  JS^^ISH 

II  B  2  e 

II  B  2  g 

The  Occident,  March  5,  1836. 

he  elucidated  the  necessity  existing  for  their  banding  toeiether  for  the 
purpose  of  preserving  the  liter^^ture  of  their  ancestors;  he  stated  that 
this  country  offers  the  grandest  field  for  the  development  of  a  pure  JudeisTn, 
consistent  with  the  duties  of  American  citizenship.  The  essay  v/as  listened 
to  with  marked  attention  throughout,  and  warmly  applauded. 

Next  followed  the  Rahbis  of  the  orthodox  con^req^/^tions,  who  addressed  their 
comtrymen  intheir  own  vernacular.  During  en  interim  a  subscription  list 
was  circulated,  and  one  hundred  dollars  were  contributed  by  the  audience, 
a  transcript  of  which  will  hereafter  appear  in  these  columns* 


II  E  1  d 
II  D  6 


Jevjjsh  Adve-nce,  November  22,  1.^7 -• 

Chicago  Sketches,  by  Ben  Adam.  Y.  !!.  H.  A. 

About  two  years  ago,  a  verj^  warm  and  enthusiastic  agitation  for  literary 
societies  commenced  to  stir  up  the  young  men  of  the  North  Side,  and  they  at 
once  organized  a  society/  under  the  name  of  Y,  M,  H,  A.   The  success  and  pros- 
perity which  they  enjoyed  in  the  first  da^^^s  of  their  existence,  prompted  some 
yoimg  people  of  the  West  Side  to  do  likewise,  and  the  Zion  Lit.  ""became  aji 
established  fact,"  and  a  short  tim*e  aftervard  the  Sinai  and  Progress,  on  the 
South  Side,  were  organized,  aaid  they  were  followed  by  the  members  of  the 
Stajidard  Club,  who  instituted  at  their  establishment  the  "alira  mater  of  fash- 
ion, aji  extraordinary  chair  of  literature  and  debate,  and  called  the  sajne 
"Literary  Society." 

Por  about  a  year  these  Literaries  were  all  the  rage  with  the  young  folks, 
they  became  absorbing  topics  of  the  day,  but,  alas,  this  did  not  last  very 

Psge  2 

II  S  1  d 
II  D  6 


Jeydsh  Advs-nce.  Nov.  22,  l^Jg. 

long.   The  warm  feelings  for  elevation  sjid  cultivation  of  the  mind  relaxed, 

STi"bsided,  ajid  at  last  passed  away  like  a  cloud.   The  Y.  M.  H.  A.  v^^as  the  first 

to  give  UT)  its  ghost,  and  on  last  Wednesday  the  Sinai  Lit.  followed  them 

into  the  ouiet  waters  of  the  Lethe. 

At  present  we  have  here  only  three  Literary  Societies,  the  Zion  on  the  West 
a^d  the  Standard  and  Progress  on  the  South  Side,  and  according  to  my  judge- 
ment,  the  Zion  alone  stpjids  today  developed  as  an  organization  in  full 
strength  of  a  promising  and  useful  existence. 


II  B  1  d 

'    .  Jewish  Advapce.  Jvine  2S,  1$73. 

(Eesolution  by  Sinai  Literary  Society) 

"We  are  thankfxil  to  the  Standard  Club  for  the  use  of  their  elegant 
library,  which  has  been  granted  us*  IThey  have  a  valuable  selection  of  English 
and  German  similar  journals*" 

B.  Avocational  and  Intellectiial 
1.  Aesthetic 
e.  Literature 




-■  ,v 

.'■  ■■  V. 

.  II  B  1  e  JEWISH 

Dally  Jewish  Forward.  Apr*  30,  1931  • 


It  Is  an  accepted  fact  that  no  matter  where  or  when  a  group  of  Hebrew  and 
Yiddish  Journalist 3  meet  a  clash  will  follov/  sooner  or  later  about  the  Ian- 
guage  problem*  A  perpetual  conflict  has  been  going  on  between  Hebrew  and    :J 
Yiddish  wrlters*^  The  conference  recently  called  by  the  Peretz  Earband  was   ^r^ 
not  an  exception  ^o  an  usual  Hebrew-Yiddish  meetiii^/;   and  the  reason  why     p 
it  did  not  last  long  was  that  the  Hebrew  Jouimallsts  were  not  represented 



Why  should  we  deceive  ourselves?  We  know  that  both  Hebrew  and  Yiddish  are 
**dying**— that  both  are   in  a  **deplorable  condition***  Both  languages  are  on 
the  threshold  of  being  destroyed  in  their  struggle  with  the  big  and  powerful 
living  languages  of  modem  civilization*  The  future  of  neither  is  secure: 
both  hang  from  a  bximing  thread;  but  instead  of  co-operating  and  helping  each 
othert  they  are  fighting  against  each  other*  I  think  it  will  be  the  greatest 
misfortune  for  the  Hebrew  language  if  Yiddish  were  to  become  dead— and  vice 




II  B  1  e  -  2  -  JS1.ISH 

Daily  Jev/ish  Forward,  Apr,  30,  1931« 

versa#  The  Yiddish  language  is  still  the  bi5^:est  prop  of  the  Hebrev;  language* 
In  the  coiintries  where  Jev;s  to  not  speak  Yiddish  there  are  no  Hebrew-speaking 
persons — v;ith  the  exception  of  a  fev/  scholars  who  studied  Hebrew  much  in  the 
same  manner  as  some  study  Sanskrit,  Latin,  Oreek,  or  any  other  dead  language* 

The  Jewish  Heder  /Old  World  type  of  Hebrew  schoolT'  has  nourished  the  Hebrew 
and  Yiddish  languages  throughout  the  ages.  Should  we  close  the  Heder,  it  will 
mark  the  end  of  Hebrev/  and  Yiddish — at  least  in  the  so-called  3xile  countries. 
If  the  Yiddish  language  disappears  frcm  the  face  of  the  earth  so  will  the 
Hebrew  language.  Those  Hebrew  fanatics  vxho  bitterly  attack  the  Yiddish  lan- 
guage are  not  even  aware  of  the  fact  that  they  are  attacking  themselves.  These 
people  are  not  only  attempting  to  commit  homicide  but  also  suicide*  The  same 
misfortune  would  happen  to  the  Yiddish  language  should  the  Hebrew  lan^^uar-^e      f 
disappear*  ^^ 

Viithout  Hebrev; — without  the  Hebraic  elements  and  expressions  v:hich  are  found 
in  Yiddish — the  Yiddish  language  v/ould  i^radually  become  a  Germanic  dialect* 
By  losing  its  Hebraic  peculiarities  and  content,  the  Yiddish  language  would 

v..  ^ 

i  II  B  1  e  -  3  -  J:^7ISII 

Daily  Jev/ish  Forward,  ^pr*  30,  1931* 

in  tirae  a^:ain  become  part  of  the  German  languaf^e.  The  Hebrev;  elements 
molded  and  shaped  Yiddish  and  made  it  a  rich  and  juicy  language;  they  pre- 
vented it  from  degenerating — from  good  Yiddish  into  bad  German.  V.e  all  re- 
member very  v/ell  the  peculiar  Yiddish  used  thirty  years  ago  in  ]3urope  and  in 
ximerica  v;hen  it  was  more  customary  to  v/rite  in   German-Yiddish  than  in  Ilebrev/- 
Yiddish.  .Is  matters  stand  nov;,  Yiddisn  needs  Hebrew  no  less  than  Hebrew  needs 
Yiddish.   This  controversy  is  very  harmful  for  both  groups  since  they  will 
only  lose  their  energy  and  their  strength — and  gain  nothing. 

Both  language  c^roups  have  very  y;holesome  and  very  important  arguments  to 
advance^  V/e  must,  therefore,  say  that  each  group  is  ri^:ht  according  to  its 
point  of  view.  The  Yiddishists  are  most  certainly  right  v/hen  they  argue  that 

c  > 


Yiddish  is  the  living  language  of  a  living  nation.  This  is  the  best  and  the    ^ 
strongest  argument.  7/e  all  lilde  the  Yiddish  language.  It  is  very  natural  far 
us  to  like  it — v;ithout  giving  explanations — because  it  is  lii^e  a  mother's  love 
for  her  children.  Yiddish  is  our  native  tongue.  V/e  were  reared  in  it;  we 
learned  hov;  to  think  and  express  our  eraotions,  ideas,  and  ideals  in  ito 

II  B  1  e  -  4  -  JEWISH 

Daily  Jewish  Fonvard,  Apr.  30,  1931. 

It  appears  to  me  at  times  PLither  preposterous  that  some  of  our  theorists, 
educators,  and  philosophers  should  seek  to  convince  us  that  Yiddish  has 
^♦historical  rir:',hts**  because  several  prayer  books  v/ere  written  in  the  vernacu- 
lar, or  because  a  Purim  play  v/as  perforrred  several  hundred  years  ago  in  Yiddish. 
Yiddish  does  not  need  such  historical  rights  to  justify  its  existence.   It  is 
here,  and  it  is  alive;  that  is  the  best  proof  of  its  importance. 

Hov;ever,  the  Hebraists  also  have  claims  v;hich  aualify  Hebrew  as  the  cradle  - 
language  of  the  Jev/ish  nation.  Tlie  Jews  have  created  cultural  treasures  in  [ 
Plebrew  which  have  been,  and  still  are,  of  universal  significance.  Hebrew  has  ? 
accompanied  the  Jev/ish  race  for  over  three  thousand  years.  During  their  long 
wanderings  the  Jev/s  have  used  and  discarded  various  languages  of  various 
countries,  but  Kebrew^  always  stayed  with  them.  It  was  their  literary  and 
religious  language — not  their  "weekday**  tongue. 


In  Hebrew  we  find  the  literary  treasures  which  the  Jewish  race  has  created 
during  its  long  Sxile.  3ven  the  literature  of  some  of  the  foreign  groups  was 

,  II  B  1  e  -  5  -  JS17ISH 

Daily  Jewish  Forward,  Apr*  30,  1931 • 

created  by  the  Hebrews:  for  example,  the  Persian  and  Arabic  literatures ♦ 
Although  very  little  remains  of  these  literatures,  their  is  still  evidence 
of  the  priceless  contributions  of  the  Jews  to  the  literary  world.  Had  the 
Guide  to  the  Perplexed >  a  work  written  in  Arabic  by  the  greatest  of  all 
Hebrew  scholars  ^^^loses  Maiiaonides/,  not  been  translated  into  Hebrew,  it 
probably  would  have  been  lost  together  with  many  other  great  works  like 
The  Fountain  of  Life,  written  by  the  world-famous  poet  and  thinker,  Solomon 
Ibn  (iabiroL 

Yiddish  does  not  need  any  historical  rights  because  it  is  alive.  Hebrev/ 
has  enormous  historical  rights  which  cannot  be  ignored  or  slighted.  In  con- 
clusion— both  parties  are  justified  in  their  claijas. 


II  B  1  e 

The  Sentinel^  Volumes  55-56,  Vfeek  of  July  4,  1924 j  Page  16. 

Attorney  Philip  P.  Bregstone  has  writuen  a  novel  in  Yiddish,  entitled 

In  the  Storm  of  Life»   The  story  concerns  Jewish  life  in  -f^erioa* 




II  B  1  e 


The  xHeform  Advocate,   Volume   65«     'Jeek  of  June   9,    1923,    Page  682. 

The   poems,    "Our   Soldier  Dead,"    and   "The   3pitaph  for   the   Unknown   Soldier," 
were  written  by  Annette   Kohn  of  Chioa£;o« 



,■• — > 

II  13  1  e 

II  B  2  'i    (2) 

*J  — '  ''  <  ^  -^^^ 

S\iiiut-r:  Je..-ii'h  CouriGr,  Lay   6,    1925, 


(In  ^n-'lish) 


Ben  Hecl.t,   one  ci    the  nost  sens:. tional   jf   ti:e  i.^odernist  v.^iters   in  i-u.iericc.  today, 
has  made  liis  -nublic   bo.;  this  v/eek  v;itii  the  fil'th  niinber  of  his  bi.vee.wlv  '»:)Uulica- 
tion,   the   Chicar;o  Literory  Ti.Mes.      Ap.   in  tlie  -orevious  nui:ibers   of  -chis  unique 
journal,   Beii  Hecht   continues  licre  his  tirade  ar.ainst  the   absurdities  of  the 
literary  cult.     He   is  unc-'-nnily  satirical  and  dispenses  his  advice  c^uite  freely 
to  those  authors  '.;ith  ;;hon  he  can  convenient!'^''  ^Diclc  a  (-aiarrel.     He  arraigns  the 
literature  ano   the  art  of  the   day,   the   science,   the  politics,   and  the   econonic 
rospel  of  t''io  ti^ries.     These  he   considers  as  the  essentials   of  life.     He  marshals 
life  before  hi:.:  and   issues  liis  coMi::and,     ::e   cares  never  a  ";hit  for  tiie  doctrines 
of  othor-i.     He  his  o'.;n  counse].  and  r-ursuos  his  v/ay  irre:'pectiv£.   of  the 
directions   -^ivon  hin  by  others. 

II  B  1  e  -  2  -  JEvrrSH 

II  B  2  d  (2) 

Sunday  Jev/lsh  Courier,  Llay  6,  1923* 

Ben  Hecht  dwells  v/ithin  a  sphere  entirely  of  his  ov/n  making.  Everything  v/ritten 
by  him  represents  the  product  of  his  mind.  He  is  a  v/ell  of  many  v/aters.  He 
possesses  a  creat  fancy,  an  intense  emotion,  an  original  style,  and  is  a  fluent 
v/riter,  a  master  of  vocabulary.  He  is  very  prolific,  too,  and  v/hether  you  fully 
grasp  his  meaning  or  not,  you  are  fascinated  by  his  language  and  are  compelled 
to  read  him.  He  makes  you  curious  and  interested,  and  that,  in  effect,  is  really 
the  greatest  compliment  an  author  can  receive • 

Ben  Hecht  is  a  man  v/ith  no  long  list  of  honorary  degrees.  He  v/as  born  in  New 
York  thirty  years  a^  of  poor  parents  v/ho  v/ere  emigrants  from  lilkaterinoslay 
^ow  Dnepropetrovsk^,  He  v/ent  through  the  public  and  high  schools  and  ex-       ^ 
perienced  many  hardships  before  he  could  earn  a  livelihood  of  his  ^en.     He  was 
one  of  the  star  feature  men  on  the  staff  of  the  Chicago  Daily  News,  and  its  war 
correspondent.  His  war  cables  were  read  eagerly  by  the  nev/s  readers,  for  they 
possessed  the  fascination  that  all  such  reports  ordinarily  lack.  They  were 
photographic  in  their  realism,  yet  significant  in  a  spiritual  sense  also,  the 


II  B  1  e  -  3  -  JSvTISH 

II  B  2  d  (2) 

Sunday  Jewish  Courier,  IJay  6,  1923. 

coinment  of  a  man  v;ho  sees  and  does,  not  merely  Qaze.     He  is  also  the  author  of 
a  play  called  Under  False  Pretenses,  and  several  novels— Frik  Porn,  Gargoyles, 
and  Fantazious  Llallare — the  latest  a  psychological  study,  v/hich  the  censor 
thought  too  radical  an  expression  of  opinion,  as  well  as  of  a  number  of  short 
stories  published  in  magazines  an  anthologies. 

II  B  1  e 
II  B  2  d  (3) 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

forward.  March  18,  1922« 

The   local  Jewish  Intellectuals  will  celebrate  tonight  at  eleven  o'clock* 
The  publication,  in  book  form,  of  the  collected  poems  of  Israel  Blum,  will  be 
celebrated  at  a  banquet  in  Bosenthal's  BestanTant,  93^  W«  Boosevelt  Boad#  Israel 
Blum  is  one  of  our  talented  poets* 

!7he  poet  wrote  the  poems  now  cgppearing  in  book-form,  in  the  moments  when 
the  muse  came  "to  call"*  Then  he  segregated  himself  from  the  material  world  and 
wrote  poems  of  lore  of  nature  and  of  the  working-class,  life  and  struggle* 

Bepresentatires  of  labor  and  cultural  circles  will  speak  at  this  banijaet* 

II  B  1  e 


Daily  Fonvard,  Feb.   23,  1922.  .  /c"^        "^^ 

cincAao's  jkatish  artists  in  yototg  Chicago  W.     o 

This  is  the  first  time  that  Jev/ish  artists  are  contemplating  a  Jev/ish 
album.  It  is  being  published  by  the  Chicago  Jev/ish  poets.  This  poetry 
album,  Young  Chicago,  which  is  being  printed  now,  will  be  ready  for 
distribution  Sunday,  I^rch  5,  and  is  approved  of  by  the  following 
artists:  H.  Zigerman,  A.  Protnov,  and  M.  Schwartz. 

Negotiations  are  being  carried  on  with  other  local  Jev;ish  artists  who 
wish  to  contribute  to  this  project. 

All  those  who  wish  to  participate  in  the  album  of  Jewish  poetry,  may 
apply  at  Young  Chicago,  1224  S.  Albany  Avenue. 

Every  poet  who  is  interested  in  the  book,  will  be  furnished  with  enough 
space  in  which  to  show  his  talent. 

:II  B 

1  e 


Daily  Fonmrd,  Feb.    23,   1922. 

The  follov;inr:  poets  are  the  r.iain  participaiits  in  this  nev;  undertaking^ 
L.   Gorelich,  B.    Ck)ldhart,  LI.   Deits,  Bessie  ?Iersfield,  l.i-tes  L.  A. 
!^sedin,  and  Isaac  Honts. 

II  B'l  e 



Dally  Jewish  Coiirler^  Sept*  15,  1921* 


The  essay,  as  a  form  of  literary  writing,  Is  not  yery  old*  It  Is  a  product 
of  the  Renaissance.  The  first  great  essayist  In  Europe  was  Montaigne,  the 
great  French  writer  of  the  sixteenth  century*  Montaigne  had  a  Jewish 
mother,  and  his  writings  betray  a  great  deal  of  his  Jewish  origin*  In  ^ 
England  it  was  Lord  Bacon,  the  founder  of  modern  philosophy,  who  Introduced  ^ 
the  essay  as  a  new  literary  form*  Both  men,  Bacon  and  Montaigne,  recognized  C 
clearly  that  the  scholarly  treatise  was  too  heavy  for  the  average  reader,  ^ 
and  that  the  ascendancy  of  the  middle  class  required  a  form  of  literary  2 
writing  to  be  satisfactory  to  representatives  of  this  class*  The  scholarly 
treatise,  with  its  heavy  load  of  quotations  and  its  erudition,  was  only 
good  for  the  professional  scholar;  religious  books,  folklore,  and  light 
poetry  were  better  for  the  lower  classes,  and  the  essay  for  the  middle  class* 
The  development  of  the  essay  as  a  form  of  literary  writing  is  as  old  as  the 
middle  class* 





-  2  -  JMI3H 

Dally  Jewish  Courier^  Sept«  15,  1921. 

It  can  thus  be  seen  that  the  essay,  ?dille  It  may  express  philosophical  Ideas 
and  fomulate  deep  problems.  Is  not  meant  to  be  a  scholarly  treatise  for 
scholars  only*  It  Is  meant  to  be  an  attempt  to  commune  Intellectually  with 
nonprofessional  Intellectuals,  and  the  rich  essay  literature  of  the  last 
couple  of  hundred  years  proTes  best  that  the  attempt  was  successful*  By   today 
the  essay  has  acquired  full  citizenship  rights  In  the  realm  of  literature* 
Able  and  great  essayists  are  as  rare  as  able  and  great  philosophers*  An        ^ 
essayist  must  combine  the  qualities  of  a  thinker  and  those  of  a  poet*  An 
essayist  must  not  only  be  a  fluent  writer,  but  he  must  be  a  thinker  as  well* 
The  essay  In  short  Is  a  piece  of  popular,  graceful,  and  philosophic  writing* 
If  the  essay  does  not  make  smDoth  and  pleasing  reading,  It  Is  not  an  essay 
but  a  treatise*  The  essay  must  not  be  loaded  with  quotations,  with  erudition, 
and  citations*  While  It  Is  permissible  to  repeat  what  others  have  said  re- 
garding a  certain  subject,  it  is  not  permissible  to  quote  too  much  or  to 
argue  with  others  while  writing  an  essay*  The  essayist  must  esqpress  his  own 
thoughts  on  a  certain  subject,  and  express  them  in  a  pleasant  and  graceful 
form*  The  place  of  the  essay  in  philosophical  writing  may  be  compared  to  the 



-  3  -  JBIfflSH 

Dally  JqrtLsh  Coiirler^  Sept*  15,  1921  • 

place  of  the  short  story  In  f iotlon«  It  is  an  entity  in  itself,  but  still  an 
essay  is  an  attempt,  an  etude,  and  like  the  short  story  it  must  be  brief,  to 
the  point,  and  still  fascinating* 

Of  course  essay  writing  has  its  own  technique*  One  mast  never  start  an  essay  ^ 

with  a  quotation,  and  not  even  with  a  proverb*  In  the  first  sentence  of  the  ^ 

essay  one  most  express  its  main  thought,  cuid  it  must  be  brief  and  striking*  f 

It  does  not  matter  if  the  first  brief  and  striking  sentence  reads  like  a  <Z 

paradox*  An  essay  writer  may  be  paradoxical,  at  least  in  form*  The  first  ^ 

sentence  or  paragraph  of  an  essay  may  determine  its  worth  and  fate*  An  S 
essay  badly  begun  will  not  catch  the  reader's  interest,  and  will  not  be  ac* 
cepted  by  the  reading  public*  The  beginning  must  be  strozig  and  striking,  and 
the  essay  writer  must  be  careful  with  the  first  few  sentences  of  his  work* 

The  founder  of  the  essay  as  a  form  of  literary  writing  was  a  half  Jew,  and 

to  the  present  day  the  Jew  has  proven  to  be  a  master  essayist*  His  temperament ^ 

his  witticism,  and  his  striking  way  of  expressing  things  qualify  him  for  essay 


.  4  -  jEmriSH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier^.  Sept.  15,  1921# 

writing*  Uax  Nbrdau,  the  famous  Zionist  leader,  is  probably  the  greatest 
essay  writer  living,  and  Maxmilian  Harden,  the  greatest  German  journalist 
living,  is  also  one  of  the  great  essayists  of  his  time* 

All  those  of  our  readers  who  are  anxious  to  try  their  luck  as  essay  writers 
will  do  well  to  read  Uax  Nordau  and  Maxmilian  Harden,  and,  of  course,  the 
great  French  and  Kngliah  essay  writers  of  today* 



II  B  1  e 


II  B  2  d  (1) 

Daily  Jewish  Courier.  Sept.  14,  1921. 



The  literary  contest  inaugurated  by  the  English  department  of  the  Daily 
Jewish  Courier  is  in  full  swing.  Those  who  are  ready  and  willing  to 
participate  in  the  contest  will  certainly  be  interested  in  the  list  of 
subjects  for  essays  and  short  stories  published  in  today *s  Courier^  o 

Ambitious  young  men  and  women,  with  scholarly  or  literary  inclinations        ^ 
will  do  their  best  to  say  it  in  an  original,  striking  manner.  ^ 

A  good  essay  does  not  consist  of  an  enumeration  of  ideas  and  thoughts,  but 
it  consists  of  style,  plus  ideas.  The  contents  of  an  essay,  of  course,  are 
very  important,  but  the  style,  the  composition,  how  one  expresses  a  certain 
thought  or  a  certain  idea,  is  as  of  much  importance  as  the  contents.  Good 
style  is  first  of  all  directness,  then  immediacy  of  expression  and  clear- 
ness of  thought. 

The  list  of  subjects  for  the  essays  published  in  today's  Courier  are  so 



II  B  1  e  -  2  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Sept.  14,  1921. 

varied  that  they  may  appeal  to,  and  inspire,  young  men  and  young  women 

of  different  temperaments,  and  of  different  interests  in  life.  We  Jews  :^ 

are  not  only  an  individualistic  people,  but  also  an  individualized  i)eople,  5^ 

and  only  the  Jew  Heinrich  Heine  could  say  that  every  grave  is  a  world's  ^^ 

history  of  its  own.  Every  Jew  or  Jewess  has  his  or  her  own  specific  ^ 

literary  interest,  has  his  or  her  own  literary  and  artistic  inclinations.  qg 

It  is  with  this  thought  in  mind  that  we  have  deemed  it  advisable  to  widen  S:: 

the  scope  of  our  literary  contest  ,  by  giving  wide  variety  to  the  list  of  co 

The  same  holds  good  of  the  list  of  subjects  for  fiction  and  poetry.  They 
are  apt  to  kindle  the  fantasy  of  young  men  and  young  women  of  different 
t  emp  erament  s . 

To  those  who  are  ready  to  participate  in  the  contest,  we  wish  to  say:  Don't 
go  out  of  your  way  while  writing  an  essay  or  a  short  story.  Use  simple  lan- 
guage, emd  be  sure  that  the  premises  are  right,  that  your  starting  point 


II  B  1  e  -  3  -  JmiSE 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

Dally  Jewish  Courier,  Sept.  14,  1921. 

is  logical,  and  that  the  conclusions  at  which  you  arrive  tally  with  your 

starting  point.  The  essays  should  not  be  of  a  technical  nature  and  should  ^ 

not  be  scholarly  in  character.  They  should  not  consist  of  a  compilation  S 

of  extracts  from  books  or  from  encyclopedias,  but  of  a  composition  of  the  <^ 

personal  thou£;hts  of  the  author,  on  the  respective  subjects.  Therein  lies  £7 

the  literary  and  educational  value  of  an  essay.  The  essays  are  not  meant  :2 

to  be  academic  papers,  but  they  are  meant  to  be  literaiy  essays,  thought-  S 
ful  and  beautiful  at  the  same  time. 

To  those  who  mean  to  try  their  expression  in  poetry,  we  have  no  advice  to 
offer,  for  even  the  technique  of  poetry  cannot  be  acquired.  It  is  innate 
and  inborn.  But  to  those  who  mean  to  test  their  ability  as  short-story 
writers,  we  wish  to  point  out  that  the  short  story  is  not  a  sketch,  and 
that  they  should  always  be  aware  of  the  difference  between  a  sketch  and  a 
short  stoiy.  A  sketch  may  be  a  description  of  a  person  or  of  a  situation, 
etc.  A  short  story,  however,  is  more  than  that.  Just  as  it  requires  two 
to  make  a  matrimonial  match,  so  does  it  require  two  for  the  make-up  of 


II  B  1  e  -  4  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Sept.  14,  1921, 

a  good  short  story.  There  must  be  some  sort  of  a  conflict  described,  and 
those  who  are  involved  in  the  conflict  must  be  visible  figures  and  not 
ghosts.  In  short,  character  portraying  plus  description  of  a  conflict  are 
the  component  parts  of  a  short  story.  There  is  a  certain  short  story  tech- 
nique that  can  be  acquired  and  developed,  but  as  a  rule,  short  story  writers 
develop  their  own  technique,  and  unless  one  has  no  literary  experience  at 
all  and  has  not  read  very  much  either,  it  is  not  necessary  to  offer  him  or 
her  advice  regarding  the  technique  of  short-story  writing. 



We  urge  all  Jewish  young  men  and  young  women  with  literary  ambitions  and      i"^ 
ability  to  participate  in  this  contest,  because  it  may  prove  to  be  a  good      ^i 
starting  point  in  their  literary  careers,  and  it  may  give  them  encourage- 
ment to  concentrate  on  their  literary  work  and  to  enter  the  literary  pro- 
fession. V/e  can  assure  the  contestants  that  the  opinion  or  the  verdict 
of  the  Judges  will  be  absolutely  impartial,  and  that  all  the  participants 
in  the  contest  will  have  an  equal  opportunity  to  get  both  prizes  and 

II  B  1  e  -  5  -  JSmSE 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Sept,  14,  1921. 

credit  for  their  work,  and  to  embark  eventually  upon  a  literary  career  in 



II  B  1  e  JffinSH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

Sunday  Jewish  Co\xrieg>  Sept#  4,  1921  • 


The  Courier  will  soon  begin  a  literary  contest  for  the  best  treatises, 
articles,  essays,  short  stories  and  poems  about  Jewish  matters,  Jewish 
probloras,  and  Jewish  types  auid  motives*  ^ 

The  literary  contest  of  the  Courier  has  only  one  big  purpose:  to  rouse  i:^. 

the  Jewish  literary  forces  in  Chicago,  to  give  th^n  an  opportunity  of  p 

self -development ,  to  waken  in  them  literary  and  artistic  ambitions,  and  ^ 

to  give  them  the  opportimity  to  begin  their  literary  career.  o 


In  Jewish  Chicago  there  are  certainly  many  latent  literary  and  artistic       ;g 
forces.  They  do  not  reveal  themselves  and  are  lost,  because  they  haven* t      5^ 
had  the  opportunity  to  appear  in  public.  The  Co\xrler  wishes  to  give  them 
this  opportunity,  to  gain  a  literary  technique  and  a  literary  experience. 

II  B  1  e  -  2  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

Sunday  Jewish  Couriei'.  Sept.  4,  1921. 


The  Courier  strives  to  become  the  literary  and  artistic  center  in  awakening 
the  literary  forces,  and  to  encourage  them  farther  to  work  and  develop  their 
talent • 

The  Courier,  in  its  striving  to  aifaken  the  dormant  literary  forces  in  Jewish 

Chicago,  pursues  the  great  traditions  of  the  Jewish  press,  which  has  always  :| 

been  the  school  of  all  our  great  writers  and  poets.  Israel  Zangwill  began  ** 

his  brilliant  oareier  as  a  co-^-irorker  of  the  Jewish  Chronicle  of  London.  The  ^ 

great  Nahum  Sokolow  began  his  ivriting  career  as  a  co-worker  of  the  Hatzfiroh  C" 

etc.  ^ 


The  Jewish  press  has  constantly  arousel,  reared,  and  constructed  great         ^ 
literary  forces,  and  the  Courier  wishes  to  emulate  these  splendid  traditions    C3 
of  the  Jewish  press  throughout  the  world,  and  help  to  awaken  the  Jewish 
literary  forces  in  Chicago. 

II  B  1  e  -  3  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

Sunday  Jewish  Courier >  Sept*  4,  1921* 

The  enterprise  i3  inextricably  bound  with  a  lot  of  money  and  much  work, 
yet  the  Courier  will  spare  no  money  nor  work  in  its  undertaking  of  this 
new  feature,  in  summoning  the  young  Jewish  literary  and  artistic  forces 
of  Jewish  Chicago  • 

In  a  few  days  we  will  publish  three  lists  in  connection  with  this  literary 
contest ♦  One  list  of  themes  for  essays  and  articles.  A  second  list  for 
literary  connoisseiirs,  \fho  are  to  render  their  decisions  over  the  literary 
contributioas  and  a  third  list  for  prizes. 

The  Courier  will  soon  make  known  all  the  details  of  the  contest;  to  whom 
the  contributions  should  be  sent;  hov;  they  should  be  signed  in  order  that 

the  literary  judge  should  be  absolutely  impartial;  how  large  the  sums  of 

money  will  be  for  the  first,  second,  and  third  prizes.  Other  contributions 

ifill  receive  mention  in  accordance  with  the  judges*  decision. 


II  B  1  • 
II  B  2  d  (1} 


'^^'PA  (ILL.)  PROJ  3027^ 
Daily  Jewish  Gourier^  Aug.  29,  1921  •  ^^^.^uz/v 



The  history  of  modern  Hebrew  and  Yiddish  literature  is  also  the  history 
of  modem  Hebrew  and  Yiddish  journalism.  All  our  great  writers  of  the 
present  day  started  their  cGureers  as  journalists •  Even  the  great  Anglo* 
Jewish  writers,  who  have  won  world-wide  reputations  and  fame,  like  Israel 
Zangwill,  Lucien  Wolf,  and  from  among  the  younger  generationt  Leon 
Simon  and  Harry  Saeher,  started  their  brilliant  careers  as  contributors 
to  the  London  Jewieh  Chronic le>  The  greatest  Hebrew  writer  living,  who 
is  at  the  same  time  our  greatest  diplomat,  Mr.  Machum  Sokolow,  started 


II  B  1  •  -  2  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

Daily  Jewish  CoarlT,  Aug*  29f  1921 

l^PA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  3Q275 

his  career  ae  a  journalist  and  as  a  contributor  to  the  Hebrew  dailyt 
Hazfirah»  Even  our  great  contemporary  poets  have  started  as  contributors 
to  the  newspapers*  Our  press  has  proved  to  be  the  greatest  literary 
educational  agency*  It  has  called  into  being  and  it  has  trained  all 
our  literary  forces* 

The  city  of  Chicago^  with  its  Jewish  population  of  300»000t  is  a  great 
philanthropic  center  and  also  a  great  i^ionist  center^  but  it  is  not  a 
Jewish  literary  center*  There  are  but  a  few  Jewish  writers  or  poets* 
But  stilly  among  300yOOO  Jews  there  must  be  scores  of  men  and  women 
with  literary  ability  and  inclinations*  We  have  reason  to  believe  that 
thex^e  is  much  dormant  literary  and  artistic  Jewish  talent  in  Chicago^ 
and  all  that  is  needed  to  bring  these  talents  to  the  fore  and  to  make 
them  productive  is  to  give  them  an  opportunity  to  acquire  a  literary 
technique^  and  to  awaken  their  literary  axribitions*  We  suppose  that 

II  B  1  6  -  3  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

Dally  Jewish  Courier ^  Aug*  29f   1921* 

there  le  any  amoiint  of  dormant  Jewish  talent  among  the  younger  generation* 
There  must  be  young  men  and  women  in  our  midst  who^  acquiring  a  literary 
technique 9  would  enrich  our  literature  and  prove  to  be  a  great  spiritual 
asset  in  our  community* 

Presuming  that  there  are  yast  literary  potentialities  in  Jewish  Chicago^ 
we  haye  decided  to  do  all  we  cem  to  turn  them  into  actualities,  and  to 
this  endf  the  Daily  Jewish  Courier  will  inaugurate  an  extensive  literary 
contest 9  with  a  certain  number  of  prizes,  so  that  all  those  with 
literary  ability  may  have  an  opportunity  to  start  a  literary  career • 
American  Jewry  has  but  few  publicists  of  repute,  and  only  a  few  novelists* 
Most  of  our  literary  forces  in  this  country  are  imported  from  the  other 
side*     It  is  time  that  we  produced  our  literary  forces  right  here  on  the 
spotf  and  that  we  be  no  longer  dependent  on  gifts  from  European  Jewry* 

6  -  4  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  302/6 
Dally  Jewish  Courier^  Aug*  29f  1921* 

All  our  vrltars  and  poets  vho  come  here  from  the  other  side,  able 
though  they  are^  cannot  possibly  exercise  a  vast  influence  on  the 
Americanised  Jews^  because  they  are  still  thinking  in  European  terms^ 
We  ought  to  have  iUnerican  Jewish  writers^  American  Jewish  novelists^  and 
American  Jewish  poetsy  that  is  to  say^  Jewish  artists  who  are  products  of 
American  ciTilisation  and  American  Jewish  lifoy  and  who  are  connected 
with  American  Jewish  life*  The  activities  of  such  artists  would  enrich 
our  life  amd  would  give  it  beautiful  tone  and  color*  We  are  anxious  to 
see  such  forces  fltrise*  iVe  cure  anxious  to  see  American  Jewry  enriched 
spiritually  and  artistically^  and  we  mean  to  do  all  we  can  to  bring  out 
these  forces* 

The  literary  contest  to  bs  inaugurated  by  the  Courier  this  week^  will 
give  eyery  Jewish  young  man  and  woman  in  Chicago  an  opportunity  to 
test  his  or  her  literary  ability,  and  to  acquire  training**** 

n  B  1  e  -  5  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

Daily  J«wleh  Courier,  Aug.  29f  1921. 

m  (ILL)  PRO,,  JQ2-.5 

Tithin  a  few  days  we  will  publish  a  list  of  subjects  and  themes,  to- 
gether with  the  prizes  fixed  for  the  best  essays,  the  best  short  stories 
and  the  best  poems,  to  be  published  in  the  Courier^  and  we  hope  that  those 
who  have  any  literary  ability  will  use  this  opportunity  and  will  make  an 
attempt  to  show  what  they  can  do  in  the  literary  f  ield»  The  editor  of 
the  Courier  does  not  underteike  to  be  the  sole  Judge  of  the  literary  and 
artistic  contributions  to  be  sent  to  him  for  publication^  The  contribution 
will  be  eiBmined  also  by  competent  literary  judges,  and  their  verdict 
will  be  accepted  by  the  editor  of  this  paper •  The  winning  of  a  literary 
prize  may  prove  to  be  a  good  starting  point  for  able  young  men  and  women 
in  the  community,  and  may  awaken  their  asibition  to  continue  their 
literary  activities  and  to  make  literature  their  sole  profession  in  life* 
Within  a  few  days  we  will  publish  particulars  about  this  contest • 

II  B  1  e 
I  £ 

Jewi  sh 

WPA  (ILL,)  PRQi  302}^ 

Forward.  June  IQ,  I92I. 

"Our  Corner," 

The  first  childrens  journal,   edited  only  ty  children  in  Chicago,   and  put- 
lishei  by  the  Children's  Clubs  of  the  Douglas  Park  Workmen  Circle,   is 
ready  for  circulation. 

The  Journal  is  composed  of  songs,   stories,   articles,   and  etc., 

32  pages.      Price  25(^  per  copy. 

!->'-*-•      -V 

fl.  ,;rii   -  (.  ■- 

II  B  1  e 
I  D  2  a  (3) 

forward      Jiine  6,  1921 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

The  amalgamated  Xdaoatlonal  department  desenres  mach   oredit  in  publishing  literature « 

In  book  form,  for  the  memberst  Before  us  lie  four  pamphlets  published  by  the 

Amalgamated  Clothing  Workers*  The  pamphlets  are: 

1*  The  Development  of  the  Clothing  Workers       10# 

2«  Problems  for  Workers  Organizations  lOff 

Latest  Deyelopments  in  Trade  Unionism        lOff 

The  open  Shop  (questions  &  answers)  3^ 


The  first  two  pamphlets  were  written  by  Joseph  Schlossberg,  general  secretary 
of  the  imalgamated*  The  third  i>afflphlet  was  written  by  George  Sault  a  noted 
writer  of  trade  unionism.  The  fourth  pamphlet  was  written  by  Paul  Blanchard* 
Zach  of  the  four  pasiphlets,  discuss  separate  phases  of  the  labor  movement,  ^ey 
are  on  sale  at  the  office  of  the  Amalgamated. 

II  B  1  e  Janai 


JV  Dally  Jewish  Courier,  Sept.  1,  1919. 



Dr.  S,  M.  Melamed 

Even  during  the  Biblical  period,  Jevjish  literature  differed  from  all  other 
national  literatures.  It  is  the  only  one  which  did  not  develop  in  any 
particular  country  and  does  not  bear  the  stamp  of  a  specific  locality.   It 
has  neither  a  local  character,  nor  a  local  color. 

True,  there  are  many  scholars  who  assert  that  Jev;s  have  many  literatures  but 
no  national  literature,  because  a  national  literature  can  develop  only  in  a 
specific  territory,  under  a  specific  type  of  political  organization,  with 
specific  national  traditions.  Those  scholars  claim  that  a  nation  can  produce 
a  large  number  of  authors  and  poets  and  yet  not  produce  a  national  literature. 
Superficially,  it  would  seem  that  those  scholars  v/ere  correct;  but  when  we 
take  into  consideration  the  psychological  effect  of  Jewish  literature  since 
the  Jews  have  beccme  a  nomadic  people,  we  are  then  justified  in  doubting  the 


II  B  1  e  -  2  -  J3WISH 


17  Daily  Jev:ish  Courier,  Sept.  1,  1919. 

truth  of  those  scholars'  claims*  Although  Jev/ish  literature  has  undergone 

various  radical  changes,  a  chan^3e  in  language  being  one  of  them,  and  although 
it  is  not  as  stable  as  the  Jews  have  been  in  their  instability — they  have  been 
compelled  to  wander  from  place  to  place — nevertheless,  it  has  been  successful 
in  maintaining  certain  high  standards  of  a  special  character  which  would  permit 
one  to  call  it  a  national  literature. 

Every  Jev:ish  document  has  its  /special/  Jewish  character  even  though  it  does 
not  reflect  a  particular  locality.  The  Hebrew- Italian  school  of  the  eight- 
eenth century  ist  in  many  respects,  similar  to  the  Hebrew-Spanish  school  of 
the  Middle  Ages*  And  the  Hebrew-Russian  school  of  the  present  day  is  not 
only  similar  to  the  Hebrew  school  of  the  twelfth  and  eighteenth  centuries, 
but  is  even  very  similar  to  the  Biblical  period*  The  work  of  Bialik  alone 
is  an  illustration  of  how  close  we  are  to  the  spirit  of  the  Biblical  period* 

This  similarity  of  the  Jewish  literature  of  various  periods  is  true  with 
regeipd  to  poetry*  When  we  consider  prose  writing,  however,  then  we  see  the 



II  B  1  e  -  3  -  Jir^ISH 

17  Daily  Jewish  Courier^  Sept.  1,  1919* 

effects  of  Jewish  wandering.  The  Jewish  literature  of  the  Alexandrian  period 
is  hardly  similar  to  the  Jewish  literature  of  Babylon,  and  the  Jewish  litera- 
ture created  in  Europe  differs  entirely  from  that  created  in  Central  Asia  and 
Africa^  In  other  words,  during  the  period  when  Jewish  specilative  thought 
was  fortunate  enough  to  retain  its  highly  original  character,  Jewish  litera- 
ture compelled  certain  JJevilah/  groups  to  assimilate  themselves  into  the  Jewish 
told/.     So  long  as  the  Hebrew  language  was  used  for  the  expression  of  the  Jewish 
literary  spirit,  the  wandering  from  one  coimtry  to  another  affected  the  litera- 
ture only  in  so  far  as  it  became  more  picturesque  and  more  interesting.  It 
did  not,  however,  affect  its  content.  Very  often  the  new  environment  was  not 
noticeable  at  all  in  the  literature.  This  is  only  natural,  because  the  Hebrew    I2 
language,  as  it  has  developed,  contains  a  certain  philosophy  of  life.  The  fate 
of  the  Jews  for  many  centuries,  more  or  less  similar  in  every  country,  has 
contributed  to  the  psychological  effect  of  Hebrew  literary  thought.  This  is 
particularly  noticeable  in  the  Hebrew  elegy.  When  an  individual  reads  Bialik^s 
♦*Songs  of  W37ath,*^  his  thoughts  immediately  turn  to  poems  written  many  centuries 


II  B  1  e  -  4  -  J3WISH 


IV  Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  Sept.  1,  1919« 

But  since  the  Jev;s  entered  the  modem  world  and  accepted  non-Jewish  languages 
as  the  medium  of  Jewish  thought,  the  effects  of  the  wanderings  began  to  be 
felt  in  Jewish  literature  in  an  unpleasant  way»  The  unpleasantness  consists 
not  in  the  fact  that  many  languages  are  being  used,  which  makes  Jewish  litera- 
ture so  colorful,  but  in  the  fact  that  a  variation  in  thought  and  opinion  is 
revealed.  The  work  of  Jewish  authors  in  various  European  languages,  who  deal 
only  with  special  Jev/ish  problems,  cannot  be  considered  as  a  part  of  Jewish 
literature  and  cannot  be  considered  as  Jev/ish  national  treasures,  because 
there  are  to  be  found  non-Jev/ish  elements  in  their  work  which  impress  their 
stamp  upon  it.  Quite  often  it  is  very  difficult  to  distinguish  between  the 
Jewish  and  non-Jewish  in  these  works.  Everyone  who  is  acquainted  with  the 
theological  development  of  Judaism  for  the  past  hundred  years  knows  how 
Jewish  theology  in  the  V/est  has  gradually  lost  its  original  Jewish  concept 
and  has  become  closer  to  the  Christian  concept.  No  less  a  theologian  than 
Schleiermacher  characterized  the  so-called  modem  Judaism  as  very  close  to 
modem  Christianity.  V/e  must  understand  that  it  is  not  modern  Christianity 
that  has  come  closer  to  Judaism,  but  Judaism  that  has  come  closer  to 


II  B  1  9  -  5  -  Jin^SH 


IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Sept,  1,  1919. 

It  would  naturally  be  historically  fallacious  to  assume  that  the  non-Jewish 

element  has  stealthily  crept  into  Jewish  literature  only  in  the  past  one 

hundred  years •  On  the  contrary,  it  is  a  well-established  fact  that  since 

Jews  began  to  use  foreign  languages  many  non-Jewish  elements  have  crept  into 

their  work.  This  was  the  case  with  Philo,  as  well  as  with  maimonides  in 

his  Guide  to  the  Perplexed.  ^ 

Isn't  it  remarkable  that  all  the  synthesists  between  Judaism  and  an  alien  r. 
world  perspective  have  written  their  philosophical  works  either  in  Greek,  P 
Arabian,  or  another  modern  language,  whereas  all  Jewish  philosophers  who  ^ 
wrote  in  Hebrew  did  not  seek  to  be  synthesists  at  all?  Philo,  who  wrote  in 
Greek,  wanted  to  be  the  synthesist  between  Plato  and  Judaism.  Maimonides  who 
wrote  his  Guide  in  Arabian  wanted  to  become  the  synthesist  between  Aristotle 
and  Judaism.  Naturally,  there  are  exceptions.  Nachman  Krochraal  was  a  true 
Hegelian  and  he  wrote  his  Guide  to  the  Perplexed  of  Our  Time  in  Hebrew.  But 
such  an  exception  only  proves  the  rule.  Most  of  our  philosophers  who  wrote 
in  Hebrew  have  developed  a  Hebrew  philosophy,  more  or  less,  and  have  con- 
tributed to  the  development  of  Jewish  thought,  which  finds  its  true  expression 

r- 1 

r  J 

II  B  1  e  -  6  -  JSTISK 


IV  Dally  Jewish  Courier^  Sept*  1,  1919. 

in  the  Bible,  the  Talmud,  and  the  Agadah. 

Thus,  everything  we  have  stated  can  serve  as  proof  that  the  psychological 

effect  of  Jev/ish  literary  thought  and  the  true  development  of  the  Jewish 

concept  in  general  can  only  be  preserved  through  the  use  of  Hebrew.  Hebrew 

is  for  the  Jew  and  for  the  literature  of  the  Jev/ish  people  more  than  an         -^ 

ordinary  language.  Hebrew  contains  the  many  different  elements  which  are        ^ 

necessary  for  the  healthy  development  of  a  national  literature.  V/e  do  not 

have  a  country,  a  political  organization,  local  traditions,  etc.  However,  as 

long  as  Hebrew  is  the  language  medium  of  Jewish  literature,  it  will  have  a        -3 

national  character  and  will  deserve  to  be  called  a  national  literature,  _If,       '- 

howeveri  Jewish  thought  is  not  expressed  in  Hebrew,  then  Jev/ish  /literary/ 

creations  cannot  possibly  belong  entirely  to  us  and  cannot  be  our  national 

property.  It  will  belong  to  others  as  well  as  to  ourselves,  and  perhaps  more 

to  others  than  to  us. 

This  is  where  the  importance  of  the  Hebrew  language  lies  for  the  development 
of  Judaism  and  Jewish  thought. 

» — 


II  B  le 

III  B  3  b 

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Daily  Courier >  ,.pr.  10,  191^, 

sullen  unci  disillusioned,  until  at  lust  he  took  the  Bible  and  found  the 
passage  ^'Eli,  Illi,  Lc:;io  Azavtoni?"   (Oh,  God,  :irj   God,  v.hv  hast  thcu 
for  sal-:  en  nel ) 

Fron  these  beautiful  v.ords  I.h?.  Sandler  created  hi^  \.Grla-fax.ious  song. 

The  first  to  sin.j  it  v;as  Vxz.   Karp,  v;ho  had  a  ^reat  success.  The  song^ 
published  '..ithout  the  avithorc^c  naj;ie  passed  fron  mouth  to  :;iouth  and 
became  popular  a:;ionr;  both  Jews  and  non-Jev;s  as  a  folk  song. 

Years  later  "^li,  Eli"  beca-r.e  popular  in  the  lausic  v.orld,  and  strange 
as  it  seex..s,  Lh?.  Sandler,  the  author,  v;as  una;/are  of  this  fact. 

He  retired  frcLi  the  iiiusic  world  entirely  tc  live  with  his  fairdly  in  the 
Bronx,  where  he  establislied  hinself  as  a  clothing  salesman,  and  only 
during  the  High  Holidays  he  used  to  conduct  choirs  in  the  synagogues. 
As  the  years  passed  by,  he  was  totally  for:-otten  as  a  Jewish  song-wTiter 

Cne  evening  his  daughter,  cor.iin;;  hone  fron  an  operatic  concert  in  the 
Metropolitan  Theatre,  related  to  her  father  how  Sophie  3i*aslow  had  de- 

1'  ■•^;''} 

T — I-  -T 

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'....•_. ..  '.  ._  .     .. l-l.     I         „  V  i   .  -.     X  J  -  --     ^-     .-    V.' 


-   4   - 


Daily  GGurior^   rvpr.    10,    1919, 

Ij?.   Jacob  Ivoppel  Sandler,   altiiou  *h  a   clothinj  salesman  and  cl'ioir 
leader    "urin^j  the  hclidava,    deserves  reeo.^^'nition  as  the  author  oi   this 
i.:ji.iortLl    son-;. 

II  B  1  e 

II  3  2  d   (;3) 

III  A  Daily  Joivisli  Courier,   June  li3,   1918. 

A  a^X  TO  KLiBR.  ja^JlXY  Ala)  .:;J'I0IL'JI;Y'- 


At  this  tine,  v/lien  the  Jewish  people  /as   a  v/noleT"  ^^^e  living  through  a  period 
of  terrible  destruction  on  the  one  hand,  and  iiational  av;al:enin;;  and  great  hope 
on  the  othar — v;e  find  that  Hebrew  literature  in  iimerica  has  entered  UDon  an 
era  or  revival  and  nev;  fruitful  activity.  Upon  tli.-  ruins  of  the  Hebrew  lit- 
erature of  Europe  and  Palestine,  which  has  been  restricted  during  the  last 
four  years  by  the  terrible  war,  tiiere  has  gradually  begun  to  take  shape  in 
America  the  structure  of  the  Hebrew  language  /s'icT'. 

During  the  past  three  or  four  years,  we  havo  seen  before  us  a  phenomenon  which 
has  no  equal  in  the  .;hole  history;  of  ^iinerican  Judaism.   In  the  last  three  or 
four  years  we  have  seen  , developing  before  our  eyes,  Hebrew  magazines  and  nevjs- 
papers  .v:iich  have  ^^ined  a  iiireat  nuraber  of  readers,   fhe  Aaerican  Hebraists, 
scattered  in  all  corners  of  the  land,  had  felt,  until  the  last  couple  of  years, 
lonely  and  forsaken,  without  any  spiritual  canters  for  their  nental  life,  ilow 

^  W.Pi. 

II  B  1  e  -  2  -  JIII/TSII 

II  B  2  d   (3)  

III  A  Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  June  13,  1918. 
they  are  organized  and  enjoj''  a  lively  and  prolific  activity. 

During  the  past  ferjj  years  there  have  already  appeared  several  Hebrew  enter- 
prises that  have  succeeded  in  publishing  several  books.  Thus  they  have 
enriched  the  field  of  Hebrew  literature  which,  because  of  the  war,  had  become 
forsaken  and  desolate. 

This  splendid  and  promising  phenomenon  that  fills  the  heart  of  everi'-  true 
Jewish  nationalist  with  hope  and  pride,  has  also,  however,  its  detrimental 
aspect,  /md  that  is  that  the  activity  of  most  of  our  -juerican  Hebraists  is 
one-sided  and  is  directed  tov/ards  one  end,  and  that  is  towards  beautiful  lit- 
erature, belles-lettres,  pootiy,  etc.  The  reaLn  of  Jewish  knowledge,  of  the 
"Wisdom  of  Israel"  has  to  date  baen  neglected.  The  portals  tliat  should  have 
been  opened  to  us,  portals  leading  to  the  great  treasures  of  creative  Jewish 
genius,  have  hitherto  remained  closed.  Many  /wo rl^  of  the  Jewish  spiritual 
nobility,  wnich  have  lit  the  long  road  from  the  Diaspora  with  their  aura, 

II  B  1  e  -  3  -  JICV/ISII 

II  B  2  d   (3) 

III  A  Daily  Jewish  Courier^  June  13,  1918 • 

and  are  the  foundation  upon  v/hich  Judaism  exists,  lie  to  this  day  scattered 
in  dark  dusty  comers  of  libraries. 

.'jid  because  of  this  isolation  /of  Jev;ish  spiritual  lor^  there  arose  a  danger 
that  Jewish  thought  would  become  impoTerished,  that  its  clear  spring,  v;hich 
had  not  ceased  to  flav  during  the  whole  period  of  the  Diaspora,  would,  Grod 
forbid,  dry  up.  In  order  to  avert  this  c^eat  danger,  the  organization 
"Ashkoloth**  ;vas  founded. 

The  Ashkoloth  Society  assumed  the  task  of  issuing  a  whole  series  of  important 
books  in  the  field  of  the  Jisdom  of  Israel.  The  /iShkoloth  Society  has  assumed 
the  task  of  creating  in  ^k.ierica  a  great  spiritual  center  of  Jewish  thought. 
This  society  believes  that  just  as  it  is  the  duty  of  the  three  million  Ameri- 
can Jews  to  preserve  the  physical  life  of  the  hundreds  of  thousands  of  our 
suffering  and  starving  brothers  and  sisters  abroad,  so  also  is  it  their  sacred 

II  B  1  e  -  4  -  J3;;':iSH 

II  3  2  d  (3) 

III  A  Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  June  13,  1918. 

duty  to  strengthen  then  spiritually.  And  this  can  bost  be  done  by  founding 
a  large  publishing  house  that  can  feed  the  Jev/ish  spirit  with  the  best  crea- 
tions of  our  great  men  in  ^he  reaLu  oj^  Hebrew  spirit  and  thought. 

The  .Ishkoloth  Societ^r  has  been  incorporated  under  the  laws  of  the  State  of 
Nov;  York.  A-aong  its  founders  are  renovmed  Hebraists  and  Jewish  intellectuals 
who  have  placed  it  on  a  sound  basis  and  a  strong  foundation.  It  appeals  to 
all  Hebraists  in  Araerica  to  assist  in  this  g^eat  pemanent  national  v;ork  that 
this  society  has  undertaken. 

Hebraists  of  i\merical  Help  erect  the  structure  of  the  Hebrev;  culture. 

Hebraists  of  Anerical  Buy  shares  of  the  .\shkoloth  Society,  become  subscribers 
to  the  books  v/hich  the  /islilcoloth  will  publish.  And  thus  help  establish  and 
strengthen  a  new  center  in  America  for  the  Hebrew  language. 

r7ith  respect  and  friendly  greetings /^^   ^ 

"  m. ' 

11  B  1  e 

II  B  2 


d  (3) 

-  5  - 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Juno  13,  1918 

jjv/isri  . 

ASiikoloth  Society, 
159  ^st  Broadv;ay, 
Neiv  York  City. 

II  3  1  e 
II  B  2  g 
I  D  2  a  (2) 


^^/^  Oil)  PRO J.  3027'^ 
Daily  Jewish  Courier,   Apr*   23,    1917 • 


Last  evening  more  theoi  1,200  people  filled  the  assembly  hall  of  the 
Hebrew  Institute  and  with  enthusiasm  greeted  the  noted  Jewish  writer 
suid  dramatist,   David  Pinsky,   now  in  Chicago   for  the  first  time* 

It   was   a  thrilling  moment   v/hen  i^insky  was    introduced,   at   the   close  of 
the  evening,   arranged  by  the  Dramatic  Literary  Society,   when  from  all 
sides  roses  were  tossed  on  the   platform.     It  was  one   of  the  most   spectacular 
welcomes  ever  given  to  a  Jewish  writer  by  the  Chicago   intelligentsia* 

In  addition  to  a  colorful  musical  program,  Dr.   Israel  Larcus,   chairman 
of  the  evening,    introduced  the  followint^  speakers,  who  greeted  the 
honored  guest    in  behalr'   of  their  organizations: 

II  B  1  e  -  2  -  JEIVISH 

iVa^^a)  ''''"^  ^'"-^  ^^'^'  ^^^^''^ 

Daily  Jewish  Couriert  Apr.  23,  1917 • 

L*  Areshke.^  of  the  Dramatic  Society,  attorney  oulius  oovitsky,  J.  Duo^ 
secretary  of  the  Literary  Club;  Dr.  Hyman  Gohen,  D,  Aberson,  K.  Sneid, 
and  many  others.  This  reception  of  .r.   i^insky  was  remarkable  in  that  it 
showed  how  interested  v/e  are  in  Jewish  literature.  Mr.  Pinsky  emphasized 
this  in  a  brief  talk  before  reading  his  one-act  **3eth  Shevah." 

David  Finsky  will  address  the  meeting  of  L.ocal  197  of  the  Amagamated 
tomorrow  evening  at  409  3.  Halsted  St.  The  tailors  will  surely  not  fail 
to  attend  this  lecture  by  their  beloved  friend. 

Finsky  will  address  the  .national  Labor  Alliance  7/ednesday  evening  in  the 
Hebrew  Institute. 



•     1- 


— , 

II  3  1  e  JT'I-I 

II  B  2  d   (1) 

III  Z  Dail3^  Jev;ish  Gourl9->   7eb.    2,    1914. 
II   .^  1 

th:  jt;isii  iiT'PATirR^  .jhd  fr-^'^s 

;.t  one  time  the  effective  literature  originated  vritr.  the  classica  .  drana  or 
vjith  the  great  lyrical  poem.  That  time  lias  lonr:  since  Tiassed.  Today,  as  v:e 
become  riore  ''dev:lop3d"  and  .acre  ''educated/'  such  literature  does  not  b3P::in 
vath  the  ')oem.  3ut  ith  the  ne-.vsTjaper  advertisements.  Today,  the  press 
dominates  the  literary  field  and  the  icst  import  int  part  of  t'le  press  is 
devoted  to  the  interests  of  th-^  ^mblishers  ana  the  nublic,  not  the  half- 
literary  text,  but  the  'unliter  .ry  advertisements.'-  VJith  this  ''developmenf 
we,  v/ho  c-^^.vote  our  lives  to  literature,  cannot  rejoice,  ^io':ever,  -re  can  not 
escape  it.  A  newspaper  that  has  :nany  advertisements  can  also,  if  it  wishes, 
publish  good  literary  contributions.  If  it  hasn*t  enough  advertisements  it 
cannot  even  ublish  half-literary  articles.   .liat  I  mean  to  say  is  that  the 
literature,  as  it  is  afflicted  at  present,  is  entirely  dependent  on  economic 
factors.  The  times  no  longor  exist  when  a  litterateur  devotes  his  entire 
life  to  one  literary  piece;  when  the  p  ot  sacrifices  himself  for  his  muse- 
today,  the  v.Titer  and  ^joet  also  v;ant  to  live  better.  They  can  only  live 

II  3  1  e 
II  B  2  d 

II  a 

-  9  _ 


.  vi^or 


Daily  Jewish  Courier.  7eb.  2,   1914 • 

by  their  literary  efforts,  provided  the  press  publislies  their  literary  vj-ork  • 
and  pa^'^s  then  v/ell  for  it.  Today  one  can  not  ehe  out  a  livelihood  from 
books  alone — only  the  few  r^^eat   dranatists  and  novelists  can  live  off  their 
books.  Today  the  press  itself  .lust  be  the  nediur.i  betvreen  the  creative  v/riter 
and  the  -ublic.  If  the  press  is  pov/arful  econonically,  the  literature  of  the 
people  can  develop  normally,  nailing  it  possible  for  the  ;7riters  to  thrive  and 
\7ork.  Ho'-ever,  if  the  press  is  financially  belov;  the  mark,  as  for  instance 
a.iong  us  Jews,  urt  is  erposed  to  ber;G:^ry  and  the  literature  develops  only 
through  ..liracles. 

I  need  not  mention  that  nearly  tv.-enty-fivG  of  the  literary  productions  in 
modern  Hebraic  and  Yiddish  literature,  v:ere  made  knovm  throua;h  the 
press.  Bialik  and  Feretz,  Chernichovrslcy  and  HoseiXield,  Sholom  Aleichem  and 
ivlendele,  Jacob  Cohen  and  ochneur,  at  fir^'u  published  their  finest  v;orks  in 
newspapers  and  journals.  These  men  have  no  profession  other  than  in  the  literary 
field,  and  must  live  by  their  v/ritings. 

If  the  multitude  of  Jewish  and  Hebrev/  writers  are  paupers,  t-ie  only  r.^ason  for 

II  B  1  e  -  :3  -  J^  'I^n 

II  2  2  d   (1) 

III  ::  Daily  Jevrisli  Courier,  Feb.   2,   1314. 

II  A  1 

it  lies  in  the  iijipoverished  conditio:  of  the  Jcv;ish  and  ^ebrev;  press.  The 
Jewish  nev/spapers  have  fev:  advertisers  because  there  is  neith  r  Jov.-ish  trade 
nor  Je-.:ish  industry.  The  cnly  :"ev:ish  business  fron  v;hich  the  Je?jish,  and 
especially  the  Hebrev;  press  orofits  a  little,  is  the  business  of  the  biblical 
lite_-ature,  and  particularly  sacred  objects,  as  phi^acteries,  prayer  sliav/ls, 
door-post  schedules,  (parchment  schedule  v/ith  inscrir^tions  fro:-i  the  l;ible, 
attached  to  door-^osts),  or  by  doubtful  doctors  for  still  more  aoub^.u*.ll 

Althcur^,  there  io  no  Jev:ish  national  trade  or  industry  to  support  the  Je-'ish 
and  :iebrew  press,  there  could  still  be  a  fr-..^raentary  poi?er  havin,^  more  influence 
on  Jev/ish  life  if  -ublishers  v;ould  be  .lorj  practical.  The  Jevish  or  -lebrew 
journalist  is  alnost  likened  to  the  Jewish  Reverend.  He  has  becoiiie  a  journalist, 
not  because  he  is  qualified  or  because  he  possesses  the  required  political  and 
social  bac^iground,  but  because  he  could  becone  nothing  else,  hence,  our  pre; 
is  not  taken  s:riou-ily  hy   the  ^mblic. 

II  3 



II  3 

III  : 
II    A 





-  4  -  J~c-:i3ii 

Daily  ^ev;ish  Courier,   Fob.    Tj,    1914. 

VJhat  is  the   ^^Hatcheiyah'^? 

It  is  a  I'ev;  Tori:  IZebrev;  nev;spaper  founueu  by  a  Jev^  fron  ./arsaw,   Poland,  rho 
cane  to  ile;v  York,   and  v;ith  no  conception  of  the  livings  conditions  in  -\morica, 
esta:lished,    on  the  da:'  foll:v;ing  his  arrival,    this   joxirnal.      It   features 
neither  advertise  aonts  nor  articles — it   onl;    offers  co:aplaints  to  the  Jev.lsh 
public.      I  could  furnish    lore  e::a..i  les  of  siiailar  publications. 

•ilven  the  lar^^e  Ileorev/  publication.^,  that  have  sone  influence  on  literature  -^.nd 
Jev;ish  life,   display  illiteracy,    sophistry,   and  "political  i-jicrance,     The  . 
reportorial  v/ork  is  poor,   the  so  called  li^.ht  they  shed  is  often  too  din  to  be 
seen,   tae  infori.iation  on  Je'.;ish  life  is   inaccurate,   and  tho  feuilleton  is  as 
poor  as  a  K3Tsy. 

To  the  youth,   the  Hebrev/  nev/spaper  ir;  a  playt::in"',   to  the  elders  a  luxury. 
The  Je'.vish  young  nan,   having  a  rxov:le.\qe  of  Ilebr  ?;,   considers  it  his  cuty  to 
contribute  to  the  nev;s:)aDer  so  that  hii:.  name  can  be  seen  in  headlines.      3ut 

II  3  1  e  -  5  -  JT;I5H 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

III  .Z  Daily  Jev:lsh  Courier,   ?eb.   2,   1914. 

II      .:.     1 


one  mi.-:ht  have  a  thorough  .  novrlecge  of  riebrev/,   and  yet  have  no  literary'' 
ability.     '..Tit in ^  at   such  a  lov;  de  :ree  is  turned  int.    a  footbal^.  in  the  'lands 
of  so-;::Aists,      I  a  .  sorry  to  say  that,v;ith  but  a  fev;  individual  e?:ce-"tions, 
this  \-^ritin.^  is  only  a  ;olaything  for  naive  una   incorapotent  ^-ounnsters  arid 
uneducated  grandfathers.     Thus,   the  Jev;s  do  not  realize  the   si-^nificance  of 
a  Jev:ish  press,   bee  u-3e  they  lack  the  national  Jevrish.    res  jcnsible  senti:.:ent« 

If  an  English  or  jYench   Jour.nalist  laiev;  an  inDortant   fact  and  believed  that  the 
^mblication  of  thi:^.  fact  7;ould  ham  hij  nation,    lie   .rould  never  ^aib.ish  it, 
regardless  of  hov;  DOor  he  ha  ;T)oned  to  be,   because  lie  is  not  onl^^  a  journalist, 
but   also  a  citizen  possesoinp;  politico-uatriotic,   responsible  sentirient.     A 
Jev/ish  journalist   (of  course  tliere  are  a  fev:  exceptions)   can  not  abstain 
from  puhlishing  such  facts,   even  th:u.;:h  he  realizx'i  the  har:.iful  consequences. 

I  do  not  v:ant  to  accuse  any  inoividualo  >)ec-:use  I  an  not  considerin'^  this 
fron  a  personal,   but  from  a  politico-historical  point  of  viev7. 

II  3  1  e  -  5  -  TZ:J1SK 

II  3  2  d  (1) 

III  -  ':aily  Jev;ish  Courier.  Feb.  2,  1914. 
II  A  1 

A  people  v/ho  liave  lived  tv;o  years  v/ithout  a  country,  th"reby,  not 
living  a  national-political  life,  can  not  Iiave  the  sane  :iin;hly  developed  social 
and  political  fe:^ponsible  feelings  as  people  livin^^  a  noriiial  political  life. 

V/hat  ±3   the  ..loral  of  thii  ai'ticle?  That  the  Jevjish  and  Ilebrev/  press  nust 
have  at  the  apex,  educated  and  cultured  nen.  The  Jev/ish  ^  Hebrev;  press 
cun  acquire  influence,  not  tlirough  econonic  factors,  but  throup:h  the  pergonal, 
intellectual,  and  laoral  superiority  of  its  i.aeMbers. 

The  fat.  of  our  literature  depends  upon  our  press,  and  the  fate  of  our  press 
depends  u:;on  its  directors  cind  representatives,  .jid  so  long  as  a  portion  of 
the  directors  of  our  press  vrill  be  uneducnted  raen,  v/ithout  fully  developed 
res:ionsible  sentiment,  ana  v;ithout  literary  ability,  it  7;ill  remain  :7hat  it 
is  toda^T";  and  fine  Jevrish  literature  vrill  continue  to  ask  aLus. 

II  B  1  e 

II  B  2  d  (3) 
I  B  3  b 


Daily  Jewish  Courier.  Dec.  14,  1913, 


Anyone  interested  in  Jewish  literature,  having  an  iinderstanding  of  the 
profound  value  hidden  in  it  or  being  impressed  by  its  beauty  end  clear- 
ness, can  see  the  approach  of  new  stars  on  our  literary  heaven  dispersing 
dense,  dark  clouds  and  illuminating  Jewish  life,  now  depicted  by  the  pens 
of  these  new  authors  in  a  way  that  we  can  understand,  discern,  and  admire^ 
The  artist  sees  life  in  more  detail  than  the  average  person,  for  to  him, 
more  so  than  to  others,  is  revealed  the  general  combination  of  its 
separate  phenomena.  Each  particular  venture  of  a  person  is  buo  a  part 
of  the  whole;  one  link  in  the  chain.  To  the  artist  an  individual's  deeds 
are  due  to  environment,  which  influences  his  actions.  l.Vhen  his  deeds  are 
presented  to  us,  embodied  in  his  work,  we  can  understand  and  re-live  all 
his  past  life  as  an  actuality. 

But  this  is  only  possible  in  fiction,  where  the  writer  creates  his  own 
types  and  controls  at  will  the  characteristics  and  surroundings  of  his 

.  \ 

New  fiction  in  Jevdsh  literature  is  of  importance  to  us,  for  it  indicates 

II  B  1  e  -  2  -  JEVJISH 

II  B  2  d  (3) 

I  B  3  b  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Dec.  14,  1913. 

/  -< 


a  new  era  in  Jev/ish  literature,  v;ith  new  interests  and  new  inspirations,  ■-  V  J^ 
The  two  best  novels  to  appear  lately  are,  according  to  my  choice,  Ixlarie,  -^  '<> 
by  Sholom  Ash,  and  After  All,  by  David  Bergelson* 

Sholom  Ash  not  only  possesses  color,  unity,  and  glamour  to  picture  **a  village," 
but  the  power  to  analyze  a  whole  epoch  of  Jewish  Russian  life  in  the 
Revolutionary  days  of  1905.  With  beauty  and  forcefulness  he  brings  forth 
in  his  novel  the  joys  and  sorrows  of  that  time;  the  sublime,  self-sacrificing 
types,  and  the  enslaved  Jewish  spirit,  the  heritage  of  an  exiled  people. 
But  Mr.  Ash  has  painted  these  types  and  characters  too  lightly,  even  if  he 
has  adorned  them  with  strong,  poetic  wholeheartiness.  One  feels  frequently, 
when  reading  the  novel,  that  something  is  lacking.  In  spite  of  the  fact 
that  we  become  acquainted  v;ith  the  whole  existence  of  his  main  character, 
"Marie,"  yet  he  fails  to  explain  who  she  is,  so  that  we  cannot  enter  or 
become  a  part  of  her  soul. 

The  novel  by  David  Bergelson,  who  deals  with  a  much  more  complicated  type, 
is  so  psychologically  deep,  has  so  strongly  penetrated  the  soul  of  the 
small  tovjn  "Mirel,"  that  we  are  forced  to  live  again  each  step  of  her 

innocent  adventures. 


•  -  / 

II  B  1  e  -  3  -  JEV/ISH 

II  B  2  d  (5) 

I  B  3  b  Daily  Jewish  Courier >  Dec.  14,  1913. 

The  novels  of  Ash  and  Bergelson  display  their  romanticism  in  descriptions 

of  the  passing  of  our  aristocracy,  the  fall  of  our  nobility.  ^Ve  Jews 

have  no  princes  or  lords,  but  we  do  have  an  aristocracy  of  illustrious     V 

nobility.  i\nd  just  as  the  present  capitalistic  v;orld  broke  throup,h  -/^ 

the  fetters  of  world  feudalism,  so,  in  proportion,  has  the  rich  in  the 

Je\7ish  small  towns  of  Russia  commenced  to  destroy  Jewish  lineage.         \ 

Social  heights  were  being  attained  by  the  illiterate,  newly  rich,  whose 

only  claim  to  any  pedigree  is  money,  and  who  ridicule  the  true  Jewish 


We  also  have  here  another  problem.  The  children,  learning  a  strange 
culture  (Russian),  seeing  the  movement  of  an  awakening  v;orld,  become 
in  the  course  of  events  estranged  from  their  parents.  They  view  the 
depth  of  their  elderft'  genealogical  pride,  which  is  instilled  in  their 
own  hearts,  influencing  their  every  actions,  for  they  were  reared  in 
this  atmosphere.  But  in  a  corner  of  their  souls,  they 'long  for  that 
world  where  there  is  a  greater  and  unlimited  happiness. 

This  develops  a  twofold  personality  in  '*Mirel,"  which  Bergelson  pictures 

II  B  1  9  -  4  -  Jijr/;isH 

II  B  2  d  (3) 

I  B  3  b  Daily  Jewish  Courier.  Dec.  14,  1913*  /<      '\ 

and  clothes  in  the  richness  of  his  imagination.  He  brings  before  us 
the  constant  struggle  of  the  small  tovm  elite:  "Mir el/*  the  spoiled, 
beautiful,  rich  girl  with  her  pride,  and  "Mirel,"  the  girl  longing 
for  happiness,  the  girl  who  imagines  another  world  obliterating  every- 
thing about  the  small-town. 

How  v;ell  can  Ash  portray  the  rift  between  child  and  parent  I  VrTien  Hyman 
Rosenzweig  hears  his  daughter  speaking  so  enthusiastically  to  Misha  in 
Russian,  he  feels  the  gulf  between  them  widening.  Only  nov.  does  he 
realize  how  much  of  a  stranger  she  is  to  him.  He  is  ignorant  of  what 
she  does  or  thinks.  It  appears  that  during  her  high  school  years  she 
developed  into  a  stranger,  both  to  his  language  and  his  ways  of  think- 
ing. This  is  not  the  same  little  girl,  v/ith  the  little  curls,  v^^hom  he 
held  so  often  on  his  lap,  who  looked  so  adoringly  up  at  her  father. 
The  little  girl  is  a  young  lady,  a  person  over  v/hom  he  has  no  authority. 
It  seems  she  has  a  contempt  for  him,  nor  does  she  consult  him  on  books 
she  reads,  or  even  speak  to  him  of  things  she  speaks  to  ^'Msha."  '* Although 
I  am  intelligent,  her  father  says  to  himself,  "I  know  what  are  in  books, 
and  have  even  read  Schiller's  dramas. " 

■  ,       i 

II  B  1  e  -  5  -  JEVJISH 

II  B  2  d  (3) 

I  B  3  b  Daily  Jewish  Courier >  Dae.  14,  1913. 

This  tragedy  is  reflected  in  both  novels.  Both  keep  throughout  a  definite  V 
respect  for  the  old  elite,  who  so  royally  crowned  o\ir  Jewish  life.  Both 
Ash  and  Bergelson  took  the  feLainine  type  from  homes  of  nobility,  for  only 
there  can  be  found  material  for  such  artistic  v;ork.  Both  portray  Jewish 
tragedies  of  parents  and  their  children  due  to  a  deep  gulf  between  the  two. 
Thus  far  are  the  two  novels  parallel,  although  painted  in  various  profuse 
colors.  There  are  also  many  differences  on  which  I  will  write  in  another 




II  B  1  ©  J5V/ISH 

II  B  2  d  (3) 

Daily  Jewish  Courier >  Nov.  23,  1913* 


Chicago  has  a  very  welcome  guest  in  the  person  of  the  famous  teacher  and 
master,  Llr.  Schmoel  Isaacs,  of  New  York,  father  of  that  active  Jewish 
Chicago  comnnlnity  worker,  Mrs.  Benjamin  Davis,  and  the  late  Dr.  Isaacs. 

Mr.  Schmoel  Hillel  Isaacs,  was  bom  88  years  ago  in  Rutsk,  Subalker  Co\mty, 
Russia.  He  studied  the  Torah  with  those  great  scholars,  Mr.  Moshe  Laib, 
of  Kutno,  and  lUx.   Yehuda  Bachroch. 

When  he  was  22  years  old  he  came  to  America,  and  settled  in  New  York.  He 
spent  most  of  his  life  there,  and  now  he  comes  to  Chicago. 

He  is  the  author  of  many  books  that  have  become  famous  beyond  the  pale 

of  Jewish  Literature.  His  Almanac  and  General  and  Jewish  Permanent  Calendar 

were  cited  and  explained  in  the  Scientific  American  of  Itorch  7,  1892;  in 

II  B  1  e  -  2  -  JKHJ3E 

II  B  2  d  (3) 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Nov.  23,  1913* 

the  New  York  Sun  of  September  14,  1893,  and  in  the  Seminar  of  Karch  1894. 

llr.  Isaacs  also  wrote  many  articles  for  the  American  Jewish  press  as  well 
as  educational  subjects  for  the  monthly  journal  Tovoh  from  Zion,  printed 
in  Palestine.  Many  of  his  articles  from  this  Palestinian  organ  were  later 
published  as  •ei>arate  pamphlets,  Passover  Theme,  and  W  Tirin  Brother  Tzeevia. 
being  among  them.  His  llonthly  Concept  ions,"  pertains  to  the  Jewish  calendar. 
He  covers  the  deep  subject  of  the  Rhomfcom  in  Halochus  Kidush  Hachudosh. 

Chicago* s  educators  and  writers  now  have  the  privilege  of  meeting  personally 
this  noted  scholar.  He  may  be  visited  at  the  home  of  his  daughter,  Mrs. 
Benjamin  Davis,  6120  Drexel  Avenue. 


II  B  1  e 

Courier »  April  11,  I909. 


WPA(iLL)PROJ.  302/3 

Several  of  the  prominent  and  well-to-do  Jews  in  Chicago  have  started  a 
movement  which  is  still  in  progress,  to  organize  a  society  to  he  named 
Yehoish  Literary  Group*  The  purpose  of  this  hody  will  he  to  translate 
into  English,  in  complete  or  partial  form  the  poetry  of  the  famous  Jewish 
poet,  Yehoish  (Bluragarten) ,  in  order  to  acouaint  the  English  speaking 
puhlic  with  his  great  literary  works.  A  meeting  will  he  called  shortly, 
the  group  will  he  fully  organized,  and  a  definite  program  will  he  formu- 
lated and  put  into  reality.  We,  on  our  part,  congratulate  this  novel 
undertaking.  From  our  hrief  acquaintance  with  this  group,  we  can  say 
that  they  are  not  merely  trying  to  advertise  themselves,  hut  are  actually 
willing  to  spend  money  and  lahor  to  put  this  plan  in  action.   Yehoish  is 
the  only  Jewish  poet  who  has  never  made  a  living  from  his  poetry.  The 
translations  of  his  works  into  English  would  he  the  only  reward  the  Jews 
could  give  him. 


II  B  1  a  JTSmSE 

II     D    3  Dally  Jewish  Courier,  April  19,   I909.  ,,p,    „.  ,  ,_, 

i. y         ^.     ^  ^  V/PA  (ILL)  PKOJ.  30275 


The  Chicago  Jewish  conmninlty  Is  expectantly  await li3g,  with  satisfaction  merged 
with  cariosity*  the  visit  of  the  talented  Jewish  poet,  M«S»  Blumgarten,  hetter 
known  to  lovers  of  Jewish  poetry  under  his  pen  name,  "lehoash.''   A  reception 
committee  of  pexhaps  a  hundred  intelligent  Russian  and  German  Jews,  has  heen 
formed  for  the  special  purpose  of  welcoming  the  honored  guest  with  all  due  cordial- 
ity that  he  deserves.  On  Sunday  evening.  May  9th,  a  literary  evening  and  a 
concert  will  be  given  In  his  honor,  at  which  the  poet  will  recite  some  of  his 
own  poetry*  A  program  of  the  finest  music  and  recitations  has  also  been  arranged* 

Those  who  were  Instrumental  in  arraying  this  reception  deserve  our  sincere  thanks* 
We  do  not  know  of  any  other  Jewish  writer  or  poet  in  America  who  deserves  as  siuch 
fkdoration  and  respect  from  Jews  as  Tehoash* 

The  main  p\ixpose  of  Mr«  Tehoash's  visit  is  not  to  claim  the  honor  that  the  Jews  of 
Chicago  owe  him*  He  comes  here  in  the  Interests  of  the  Jewish  Cons\mptlve  Eellef 
Society  at  Denver*  Mr*  Tehoash,  who  was  forced  to  move  to  Denver  because  his 
Itusgs  had  been  affected  by  tuberculosis,  is,  naturally.  Interested  in  the  saniteuri- 
ujn  for  Jewish  tubercular  patients*  Mr*  Tehoash  devotes  much  of  his  time  and  talent 
to  helping  the  institution  which  is  doing  great  work  in  saving  °any  consumptive 
people  from  a  premature  death.  In  the  East,  his  visit  was  a  tremendous  success 

II  B  1  •  -  2  -  JEWISH 

II  D  3 

and  It  l8  hoped  that  it  will  he  as  equally  successful  in  ChicagOt 

The  Jews  in  Chicago  have  a  two- fold  reason  for  arranging  a  reception  for  the 
great  Jewish  poet;  first,  to  give  honor  and  respect  to  one  of  the  finest  Jewish 
poets  of  the  age,  and  second  to  help  a  great  charitable  cause,  a  cause  which 
will  save  thousands  of  lives  from  the  dreadful  white  plague* 

II  B  1  e 


The  Reform  Advocate,   Aug.    1,    18^1. 


y-s^  J   -^^  f  •  /i. 

/      iiisij  riii^; i/i^  Jib Lix  Lr    Lirb     / 

Cne  of  trie  lest   selections   in  ':!he  lieLrev/  ALuancc,    is   •*The  lentateuch  of  Life", 
by  Rabbi   Calisch,   which  was   taken  froiu  The  p.efcnr.  Advocate. 

II  B  1  e  .nriSH 


'         The  Jewish  Adygpce.  A-a^just  i6,  1873.   .      ^^'^  ('lL)  PRO j.  30275 

The  pamphlet  entitled  "Zur  Froseliteni!rage"  (To  the  Problem  of  Proselytlsin) 
which  has  "been  recently  published  "by  Rev.  Dr.  B.  Pelsenthal  of  this  city,  has  been 
copied  entire,  including  even  the  "llachtraegliche  Benerkungen"   (After-Thoughts) , 
in  the  Keuzeit  of  Yierma^ 




B*  Avocetional  and  Intellectual 
2*  Intellectual 
a«  Libraries 




;v^.  ■  >^ 

JEin  SH 
II  B  2  a 

WPA  (ILL,)  PRO:  3b27t 
Forwards  Aug.   13,  1923, 

The  transformation  of  the  Labor  Lyceum  into  a  culturr-^l  center  for  the 
workers  started  at  a  recent  meeting  of  the  City  Central  Committee  of  the  Work- 
men's Circle* 

The  City  Central  Committee  presented  a  recommendation  to  establish  a 
library  in  one  of  the  large  rooms  of  the  building,   to  provide  books,  magazines 
and  newspapers  to  those  wishing  to  read. 

The  recommendation  was  unanimously  adopted  -nd  it  was  resolved  to  r^p^ly   to 
all  those  having  books  to  donate  to  the  library^  to  notify  the  office  of  the 
Labor  Lyceum • 

It  was  also  resolved  to  ask  the  Forward,  r^nd.   the  general  office  of  the 
Workmen's  Circle,  to  submit  their  publications  to  the  library.   All  of  the  pub- 
lications of  the  Kropotkin  Literary  Society  will  also  be  printed. 

The  committee  will  procure  all  valuable  books  in  Jewish  and  English,  and 
all  progressive  and  radical  magazines. 

The  necessary  preparations  will  be  miade  to  open  the  library,  January  1. 

TL  ^  ^  ^  ,  JS-.VISH 

II  B  2  b  

^11  ^  Forward,  Apr,  4,   1931. 

III  H  


Dr.  William  Hechler,  a  Protestant  preacher,  by  the  terms  of  his  v/ill  has 
left  a  huge  library  to  the  Palestinian  Lmseum.  His  library  contains 
many  rare  and  costly  editions.  He  also  left  a  book  case  which  once 
belonged  to  Sir  Moses  Montif iore. 

The  will,  v/hich  is  in  the  possession  of  a  Jewish  family  named  V/ise,  was 
written  in  1900.  Dr.  Hechler  died  recently  in  Vienna. 

Dr.  Hechler  was  an  intimate  friend  of  the  late  Dr.  Herzel,  and  also 
anc  advocate  of  the  Zionistic  ideals. 


Dr.  Hechler  is  the  author  of  a  theological  work  in  ^vhich  he  contends 
that  Jesus  Christ  will  not  return  in  his  full  glory  until  the  Jews 
return  to  Palestine  and  establish  and  independent  Jewish  state. 

r   O 


-  2  -  JEV/ISH 

Forward,  Apr.  4,  1931. 

According  to  his  will,  this  book  and  nany  other  Christian  theological 
works  are  also  to  be  sent  to  the  Palestinian  Museum. 



••  ■'. 



>   V 


II  B  £  a 



The  Reform  Advooatet  April  5,  1930.  Vol.79,  p.220, 


During  the  latter  part  of  October^  1892,  a  memorial  meeting  was  held  in 
Metropolitan  Hall,  Jefferson  and  0*Brien  Street,  to  lament  the  death  of 
the.  great  Hebrew  poet,  Leon  Gordon,  who  had  passed  away  earlier  in  the 
month*  Among  the  speedcers  were.  Dr.   Bernard  Felsenthal,  Dr«  Herman    n 
Eliasoff,  S»-A#  Schneider,  and  Leo  Zolotkoff* 

Many  hundreds  of  Chicago's  Maskilim  gathered  at  the.  hieill  to  pay  homage 
to  the  memory  of  one  who  had  bewailed  the  sorrows  and  sufferings  of  the 
Jews  in  stanzas  and  verses  as  poignemt  as  those  of  Jehudah  Halevi«  It 
was  an  opportune  moment  to  think  again  of  Hebraic  Literature •  At  the 
close  of  the  meeting,  a  few  of  the  leading  Jews  privately  agreed,  among 
themselves,  to  call  a  meeting  in  the  near  future  for  the  reorganization 
of  the  Hebrew  library* 





"  ^*- 


~  -  •-•■< 







'  ,i 


•>  • 







•.  .aI  fc,  .  ^  .  .'■>-4.*n  '., 




II  B  2  a 



The  Reform  Advooatet  April  5,  1930,  Vol.  79,  p.  220# 

Two  weeks  later,  a  conference  was  called  in  a  private  residence  on  Judd 
Street,  Tirtiere  a  literary  society  was  formed  and  arrangements  were  made 
to  collect  all  the  old  volumes  of  the  old  library  and  to  procure  proper 
quarters  to  house  the  new  libr€try« 

^Yhen  the  settlement  of  the  West  Side  Jews  reached  out  further  west,  and 
the  fine  homes  on  Ashland  Boulevard,  Maxshfield,  and  Winchester  Avenues, 
bore  "Mezuzes"  on  their  door-posts,  the  library  sold  its  home  on  Johnson 
Street  and  secured  a  new  and  more  ostentatious  site  on  Ashland  Boulevard 
near  Polk  Street. 

The  "Shochfe  Sfath  Over>»  served  the  Jewish  community  of  Chicago  faithfully 
from  the  date  of  the  death  of  the  great  Hebrew  poet,  Leon  Gordon  in 
October  1892,  until  the  realization  of  his  dream  when  Palestine  becsune  the 
homeland  of  the  Jewish  people* 




II  B  £  a 

The  Reform   Advooate,    April  5,    1930*  Vol.   79,   p.  220. 


The  British  Government,  through  Lord  Balfour,  officially  declared  that 
Palestine  was  to  belong  to  the  «Jewish  people. 





In  the  latter  peirt  of  1917,  when  our  young  men  went  forth  to  fight  for  the 
democracy  of  the  world  and  the  Jewish  youth  also  for  the  possession  of 
Palestine,  the  Hebrew-  Literary  Society  and  its  library  was  practically 
deserted,  except  for  the  few  men  that  were  left  behind #  And  so  the  build- 
ing was  sold,  the  books  moved  to  the  Douglas  Park  district,  finally 
stored  away,  and  the  "Chebrah  Shochre  Sfath  Over"  ceased  to  exist* 

,  / 



II    B  2  a 


Chicago  Hebrew  Institute   Observer,    October  3,    19S9* 




Tlie  Jev/ish  People's   Institute   Rental   Library  opened   this  week  on  Sunday, 
September  28,    at*3,   P#  M.     'Ye  wish  here   to  bring  to  your  attention   some 
the   latest  books,   many  of  v/hich  will   not   be  publicly  advertised  for  a  few 
weeks*      These   are   called   September  books  by  publishers  and   are  not  for   sele 
till   the   end   of  the  mo  th.      There   books   ;vill   not   be    in  the   public   library 
for  months.      You  have    the   opportunity    to    read   them  here,    now,    for   l/lO  to 
1/20  their  value,    while   the   critics   a^e   evaluating  and   discussing  them* 
Also,    we    shell   conduct   a   bulletin  board, .  bringing  to  your  notice   books   recom- 
mended  by   literar^v^  periodicelp   and  famous   critic^,    together  with   e^ood   reviews. 

".'e  wish  to  empV>asi^e   that  this   is  your   library  and  any  tim.e  we   c^n  do   any- 

thi^5  ^c»r  you,    if   possible,   we    shall,    if  you   let  our  librarian  know  of  it. 

For   instance,    if  you  wish   to  "huy  hooks,    we   will   do  that   for  you,    ,p;ettin.2;  you 

bo  ks   at   less  than   retail   valu'-.      If  vou  wish  to   read    soecial   bocks,    let   us 

knov/,   '"'e  will  ^ut  tlem  in  the  rental  library.   Our  book  shop  will  be  behind 

the  information  desk,  the  rir^ht  hnnd  corner.  .  Our  rates  are  15^/   minimum  to  b^  paid 

II  B  2  a 

JEJISH  -1% 

Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Observer,  October  3,  1929. 

upon  the  drawing  of  book*  The  book  can  be  kept  for  4  days.  ^q.   vdll  be  charged'l, 
for  each  day  thereafter.   A  membership  fee  of  Zbq^   a  year  will  be  charged* 

\  -  • 

II  B  2  a  JEWISH 

II   D  6  % 

Chicsgo  Hebrew  Institute  Observer.  January  2S,    I929.  "S 

Hiiai.lAN  SCHUR  EEFSHillWj!;  LIBHAHY.  .   % 

•    --■• 

Although  the  reading  room  in  our  reference  library  is  one  of  the  "brightest 
and  largest  rooms  ??t  the  Institute,  it  is  already  proving  too  sm&ll  for 
the  students  and  readers  who  cone  to  use  it.   In  the  center  of  a  thriving 
Jewish  cominunity,  with  a  variety  of  cultural  activities  in  the  same  "build- 
ing -  a  high  school,  an  elementary  school,  a  series  of  lecture  forrjims  and 
the  like  -  the  lihrary  is  admirahly  situated  to  attract  large  hodies  of 
readers.   The  attendance  has  "been  mounting  slov/ly,  hut  steadily,  on  an 
average  of  a"bout  two-hiondred  persons,  who  come  daily  to  utilize  some  of 
the  9fOOO  hooks  on  the  various  subjects  available  in  the  library,  or  to 
read  the  magazines  and  newspapers  on  file. 

The  library  is  made  up  of  four  departments.  First,  the  reading  and  study 
room;  second,  the  Judaica  section;  third,  the  magazine  room;  fourth,  the 
pamphlet  section.  About  3»^00  of  the  books  of  our  collection  deal  with 
social  sciences,  under, which  are  classified  such  subjects  as  Philosophy, 
Psychology,  Sociology,  Criminology,  Ethics,  Economics,  Foreign  Relations, 

T   » 

II  B  2  a     ■  .  -2-  JEWISH 

II  D  6 


Chic?a:o  Hebrew  Institute  01) server,  Januf^r;:^  28,  1929#        f- 

Political  Jiiconomy,  Finance,  Civics,  Education,  Domestic  Economy,  and  Busi- 


The  Judaica  section  contains  upward  of  3>5QO  iDOoks,  which  in  themselves    ^> 
make  up  a  very  exclusive  lilirary  in  this  field.   Some  of  the  contents  of 
this  collection  may  be  described  by  such  generic  terms  as  Biography,  Drama, 
Psychology,  Philanthropy,  Education,  Judaism,  Philosophy,  etc,  Man^^  books 
in  this  section  are  rare  and  cannot  be  dunlicated  except  in  some  of  the 
great  collections  of  Judaica,  elsewhere. 

The  reference  section  contains  about  7^2  reference  books.  All  the  impor- 
tant encyclopedias,  source  miscellanies,  dictionaries,  compendiums,  of  one 
kind  or  another  are  available.  The  seating  capacity  is  about  sixty-five 
persons  in  the  main  reading  room  alone.  About  1?^.  current  magazines  are 
on  file  in  the  librarj'-.  These  magazines  are  all  of  the  kind  tha^t  serious 
people  and  students  wish  to  read.   There  are  no  trade  magazines  and  none 
of  the  kind  that  do  not  merit  rea.l  reading.  All  of  the  old  numbers  of 
important  magazines  are  kept  on  file  alphabetically,  and  are  available 



H  B  B  ^  •'  -  3  -  JETilSH 


Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  Coserver,  S^n.    1929.  T-^ 

to  readers.  Within  the  lf»st  three  months,  another  "branch  has  teen  added   o 
to  our  library,  and  that  is  our  peinphlet  department,  corresponding  to  the  7^ 
civics  sections  of  the  general  library.  At  present  re  have  painphlets  on 
about  thirty-five  different  subjects,  but  from  the  rate  of  growth  of  this 
section,  we  may  expect  in  the  near  future  to  find  valuable  information  in 
a  large  pamohlet  library. 


II  B  2  a 

The  Reform  Advocate,    Volume   73.     V/eek  of  March  26,    1927,    Page  243. 


.  5 

(    3 

The  Rosenwald  Library,    the  first  modern  scientific   library  to  be  est-  -3 

ablished  in  Upper   ^gypt,  was   open  at   Luxor,    on  March   15 •     The  library  '^' 

is  named  for   Julius  Rosenwald,  who,  with  his   son,   made  the   principal 

II  B  2  a 


The  Reform  Advocate^  Volume  71;  Week  of  May  29,1926*..*« .Page  620 


In  memory  of  her  husbandf  Mrs.  Herman  Schur  has  contributed  $17,000«00  to      ^ 
the  new  J»P«I»  This  contribution  is  to  be  used  for  the  installation  of  a 
specialized  library  on  Judaica  and  the  Social  Sciences,  to  be  known  as  the 
Herman  Schur  Reference  Library*  * 

V/hen  completed,  it  will  contain  the  most  comprehensive  Judaica  in  English 
in  the  oountry. 

II  B  2  a. 



Chicpgo  Hetrer  Institute  Observer,  May  25,   I926.  -^ 


In  a  desire   to  accomplish  an  net,    cervinf*  p  useful  "ourrose   in  memory  of  her   >-^ 
hustand,   !.!r.   Emma  Schur,    of  Chic?^o,    announced  her  generous  contribution  in     h^ 
connection  rith  the   contemDlrted  construction  of  the  Instit\ite  in  the  Lawn-       7^ 
Dale   District,   in  the  form  of  the   installation  of  a   specialised  library  on  Ju- 
daica,    the   social   sciences,   end  general  reference   library.      Seventeen-thousand 
dollars  have  been  contributed  for  the  "ourr)Ose.      The   library  is  to  be  known  as 
the  Herman  Schur  Reference  Library/. 

The  donor,    in  trrnsmlttinf:  the   .^ift,    expressed  the  hope   thPt   the  usefulness 
of  the   librrry  will  be   demonstrated  c?nd  that  on  future  occasions,    as  they 
may   arise,    she  may  be  given  an  opportunity  to   consider  further  contributions 
for  this  Durcose  in  case   they  become  necessary,      l^Tien  the  announcement  was 
made   at   the  m.eeting  of  the  Board   of  Directors  last  Thursday  evening,    the  en- 
thuasiasm  was   so  great   on  the  "oart   of  the  member?  of  the  Board,    th^'t  an  addi- 
tional $?,000  was  contributed  towrrds  the   library:      $1,000  by  our  President, 
Mr.   Jacob  M.   Loeb,    and  another  $1,000  by  Mr,   John  Wineberg. 

II  B  2  a 


Chicago  Chronicle,  Volume  5.  ■.l.^ek  of  September  269   1924,  Page  5. 

This  library  consists  of  over  800  Hebrew  volumes,  some  very  rare  out 
of  print  editions,  others  two  and  three  hundred  years  old,  will  enable 
the  young  students  of  the  Beth  Haraedrosh  L.  Torah  to  ac^^uaint  them- 
selves v/ith  such  literature,  which  is  nowadays  almost  extinct* 

The  priceless  library  of  the  late  Gerson  Siegel,  which  took  a  life-      ^ 
time  to  collect,  was  presented  by  his  widow  and  his  children  to  the      ^c 
Beth  Hamedrosh  L»  Torah*  3 

II  3  2  a  JEi'^aSE 

II  B  2  f 

III  c  Dail3^  Jev/ish  Courier,  Liar.  4,  1924* 


(Editorial  in  English) 

Chicago  is  the  only  major  Jewish  coijuunity  in  the  world  without  an  academic 
Jewish  library  open  to  all  who  are  engaged  in  Jewish  scholarly  viork. 
Philadelphia  has  several  good  Jev;ish  libraries,  New  York  has  several, 
Cincinnati  and  V/ashington  have  good  Jev/ish  libraries,  but  Chicago  has  none,  ^ 
and  because  there  is  not  such  a  librarj^  in  Chicago,  those  Jewish  scholars 
who  are  anxious  to  do  scholarly  v/ork  must  go  to  other  cities  to  do  it,  or    ^ 
they  do  not  do  it  at  all.  The  establishment  of  a  Jewish  library  in  Chicago 
to  serve  primarily  ^-  le  purposes  of  Jev/ish  learning  and  Jev/ish  research 
work  is  of  prime  importance  to  the  intellectual  interest  of  the  community, 
and  an  attempt  can  be  made  now  to  establish  such  a  library  in  conjunction 
with  the  "Jeth  Ledrosh  L'Torah  ^ebrew  Theological  College/.  The   Beth 
lledrosh  L*rorah  is  supposed  to  be  an  academic  institution,  and  if  it  is  not 



U  Z  2  a  -  2  -  J217ISH 

II  3  2  f 

III  c  Daily  Jewish  Courier,,  4,  1924. 

deserving  or  its  name,  it  v;ill  be  deservir^  of  it  v/ithin  a  very  short 
tiine  because  sooner  or  later  it  v/ill  have  to  engage  acc-dernic  tei\chers,  and 
the  institution  vrill  be  transformed  into  a  regular  Jev/ish  faculty,  Hov/ever, 
a  je'.dsh  faculty  v/ithout  an  ccade:7iic  library  is  impossible,   x^he  students     :^ 
must  be  trained  in  research  v;oric  and  they  cannot  do  it  v/ithout  an  academic    ^ 
library.  It  is,  therefore,  obvious  that  it  is  the  duty  of  the  Board  of      ^ 
Directors  of  the  I:eth  i:edrosh  LTorah  to  lay  as  much  stress  on  the  establish-  v 
ment  of  a  cood  library  as  on  any  other  branch  of  activities.  It  is  as       f 
important  as  the  teaching  staff.  V/e,  therefore,  succest  that  the  authorities 
of  the  Beth  i.edrosh  L'Torah  lose  no  tLT.e  in  organizing  a  special  librar;:,^ 
committee,  the  object  of  v/hich  shall  be  to  concentrate  its  activities  on 
the  development  of  the  already  existing  library,  so  that  it  can  jecome  a 
triily  academic  library. 

Such  a  library  must  possess  three  t:rpes  of  boohs;  IZebraija,  comprising  the 
best  7;orks  of  liebrev;  literature  from  the  Bible  to  the  present  day;  judaica, 

II  B  2  a  -  3  -  JK-:n.SE 

II  B  2  f 

III  C  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  iuar.  4,  1924. 

the  literature  on  J"ev;s  and  Judaism  from  Philo  to  the  present  day;  and  a 
good  theolof.ical  and  philosophical  library.  To  procure  these  books  a  svim 
of  ten  thousand  dollars  is  necessary,  and  v/hen  the  library  will  possess  at 
least  the  fundamental  books  of  Kebraica  and  Judaica,  Jev/ish  scholars  in 
Chicago  v/ho  are  interested  in  various  branches  of  Jewish  learning  v/ill  be    ^ 
in  a  position  to  do  the  v/ork  right  here  in  Chicago,  and  the  library  v;ill     - 
not  only  stimulate  and  fxirt'ier  the  cause  of  Jewish  learning  in  Chicago,  but   f 
it  will  make  Chicago  a  center  of  Jev/ish  academic  activities.  It  is  a 
disgrace  that  a  community  like  Chicago,  second  to  tiie  largest  Jewish  community 
in  the  v/orld,  is  a  nonentity  as  far  as  Jeivish  learning  is  concerned.  I^o 
great  Jewish  book,  with  the  exception  of  Shure^s  Nesach  Israel,  is  connected 
with  the  name  of  Chicago.  The  Jev/ish  bibliographer  will  -cell  you  that 
Chicago  is  unknov/n  as  a  center  of  Jev/ish  learning.  An  end  must  be  made  to 
this  disgraceful  state  of  affairs,  and  only  an  academic  library  such  as  v/e 
propose,  car.  ir.ake  an  end  ot  it.  There  are  nov/  m  Chicago  any  number  of 
young  Jewish  fellov/s  v;ho  neglect  their  scholarly  interests  becaiise  there  is 
no  Jewish  library  at  their  dis-oosnl  where  they  can  do  scholarly  v/ork. 


II  B  2  a  -  4  -  JlilMSr: 

II  Z>  2  f 

III  C  Daily  Jev;is:i  Courier >  :.:ar.  4,  1924. 

The  cause  o2   Hebrew  learning  is  the  main  sufferer,  but  the  aiiibitious  young 
Jev.'ish  scliolars  suffer  too,  '.;e  cannot  possibly  imagine  an  acadeiuic  Jev/isn 
institution,  svch  as  the  jeth  Lledrosh  L*"Jorali  v/ill  soon  be,  i/ithout  an 
adequate  library,  '£Yen   these  students  of  the  institution  v/ho  contemplate 
devotin,-:  all  their  ability,  tirie,  and  energy  to  a  study  of  the  Taliaud  and 
Habbinica,  must  have  an  adequate  library  at  their  disposal,  but  v/e  dare 
say  that  a  ^reat  many  of  the  students  v;ill  be  interested  in  other  branches 
of  Jev;ish  learnin£:  as  v;ell,  in  philosophy,  theology,  jurisprudence,  ^ho 
v/ill  beT"  vdthoiit  an  acadenic  Jewish  library  open  to  all  v/ho  are  ^n  need 
of  aT"  library  to  serve  their  sp^ecific  purposes. 

I\0v;  that  the  financial  strain  of  the  institution  has  been  somev;hat  relieved 
by  the  results  of  the  irienbership  drive,  and  v;iil  be  Liore  relieved  in  the 
near  future,  the  Board  of  Directors  inust  tackle  at  once  the  library  problem, 
because  v/ithin  a  year  or  so,  some  of  the  students  of  the  institution  v/ill 
be  ready  to  do  research  vjorlc,  and  they  must  be  given  the  opportunity  to 


II  3  2  a 

II  B  2  f 

III  C  Dailv  Jer.'ish  Courier,  I'.ar.  4,  1924, 


do  this  V7ork.  It  is  true  that  a  libr^i^ry  is  more  than  a  collection  of  books* 
The  books  nust  be  housed  sone\;here  and  nust  be  cared  for  by  somebody,  but 
the  main  thin^,  &re  the  books,  -iheii   the  books  v/ill  be  here,  it  v;ill  be     ^ 
easy  to  convince  the  public  to  ^ive  a  certain  sum  of  money  for  a  library    ^ 
building,  but  the  first  attempt  should  be  made  to  secure  books  or  money  to  .-^ 
buy  books.   This  at:.empt  should  be  i.iade  at  once.  p 





II  B  2  a 
I  A  2  a 


The  Reform  Advocate,  Wk.  of  Decem'ber  I5,  I923.  Vol.  66,  p.fiOO. 

Through  the  efforts  of  Dr.  Ahrah^.m  Schecter  of  the  Hehrew  Theological  College,  f. 
the  Chicago  Public  Library  in  the  ne?.r  future  will  establish  a  department  of 
books  in  English  on  Jewish  matters  in  the  Chicago  Public  Library,  Douglas 


II  B 


I  C 

Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  i-ar,  23,  1923. 


In  eveiy  large  Jev/ish  comnunity  there  is  a  Jev/ish  city  library  that  houses 
a  collection  of  Hebrew  bo  -ks  and  of  Jev/ish  literature  in  all  languages,  ^^t  ^ 
present,  there  is  no  such  institution  in  Ohicaco,  and  if  a  Chicaco  Jew  is  ^ 
in  need  of  a  liebrev;  or  Jev/ish  book,  he  must  go  to  the  Chicago  public  'P 
Library*  The  Chicago  Public  Library'  has  Jev/ish  books,  but  not  enough  to  C 
fulfill  the  needs  of  the  r^any  educated  Jews  v/ho  still  evince  an  interest  ^ 
in  Jewish  literature.  A  city  like  Chicugo  ought  to  have  a  library  of  R 
Hebrev;  and  Jewish  books,  and  thus  encourage  Jfjwish  erudition  and  Jei^ish  y 
literature.  If  a  Jewish  educator  in  Chicago  v/ants  to  do  some  research 
work,  he  simply  cannot.  It  is  impossible  for  one  to  purchase  all  the 
necessary  books,  and  the  Chicago  Public  Library  does  not  have  the  books 
v/hich  are  indispensable  for  research  in  Jev/ish  studies.  A  city  like 

II  3  2  a  -  2  -  JSV/ISH 

I  C 

Daily  Jev/isli  Courier,  Liar.   25,   1925. 

Chicago,  v;hich  lias  four  hundred  thousand  Jev/s,   oucht  to  have  a  library  in 
a  special  buildin::.     A  Jev;ish  library  oucht  to  have  its  ovm  home   in  Chicago. 
The  masses,  hov/ever,  are  busy  in  their  lodges  v/ith  sick  benefits  and 
cemeteries,   and  the  upper  strata  are  busy  v/ith  charity,  and  there  is 
neither  time  nor  money  for  educational  v;ork. 



II  3  2  a 



Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  July  30,  1914. 


Worthy  Editor  of  the  Courier; 

I  would  like  to  call  your  attention  to  a  thing  which  -  as  it  seems  to  me  - 
is  very  inportant  and  perhaps  very  necessary.  The  thing  is  of  great  im- 
portance and  yet  it  isn't  here.  I  feel  it  and  I  think  there  are  many  who 
share  the  same  opinion. 

Chicago  has  a  beatiful  Hebrev;  library  containing  modern  literature,  which 
was  founded  twenty-four  years  ago  under  the  name,  "Schocri  Shefas  Aver.^ 

*  II  B  2  a  -  2  -  JmyiSH 


f  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  July  30,  1914. 

Everybody  knows  that  this  is  a  great  asset*  It  has  yielded  good  results. 
But  unfortunately,  there  is  no  rabbinical  literature.  If  one  is  in  need 
of  such  literature,  it  can  not  be  had. 

Knowing  there  are  many  books  that  are  owned  by  individuals  who  make  no  use 
of  them,  it  would  be  a  timely  suggestion  to  establish  such  a  society.  A 
large  number  of  people  will  also  know  that  we  own  invaluable  treasuries  of 
knowledge  and  science.  In  this  way,  we  will  stop  throwing  sacred  literature 
unwittingly  into  garbage  cans  and  alleys,  which  is  not  a  novelty',  and  certainly 
is  a  tragedy. 

I  believe  that  every  individual  will  turn  over  his  books,  which  are  useless 
to  him,  to  the  library.  I  also  believe  that  the  Chicago  Jewish  community 
will  be  proud  of  such  an  institution. 

Respectfully  yours, 

Rabbi  Sleziarr,  '.Pushkin 

Rabbi  of  Congregation  B'nai  Joseph, 

Chicago,  111. 


II  B  2  a 


The  Sentinel,  Wk,  of  January  3,  I919,  Vols.  33-3^»  P*2U.       ^ 

The  Ladies  Auxiliary  of  Temple  Sholom  have  established  the  Ahram  Hirsch-  ^ 
"berg  Reference  Library  in  commemoration  of  the  twentieth  anniversary  of    p 
HahM  Hirschherg's  occupancy  of  the  pulpit.  The  library  consists  of  refer-^ 
ence  hooks  on  all  subjects  of  Jewish  interest  including  the  Bible,  Bibli-   g 
cal  Science,  Jewish  problems,  etc.   It  is  hoped  that  in  time,  Ten^le  Sho- 
lom will  have  the  most  comprehensive  Jewish  reference  library  in  the  city. 


II  B  2  a 

III  B  2 



Daily  Jewish  Courier,  May  28,  1914. 


The  rapid  growth  of  the  Douglas  Park  community  sho^urs  us  the  aesthetic 
taste  and  the  desire  for  a  higher  standard  of  living,  which  is  innate 
among  Chicago  Jews,  who  for  years  past  have  spent  their  lives  in  the 
(Vest  Side  Ghetto,  on  Llaxwell  and  Jefferson  streets*  As  soon  as  the 
opportunity  presented  itself,  the  Jews  pulled  out  of  that  district  and 
built  up  a  beautiful  community  around  Douglas  Park.  In  a  very  short  time, 
many  cultural  institutions  were  built,  such  as  synagogues,  a  Kosher  hospitgj., 
an  orphans  home,  a  home  for  the  aged,  children's  Hebrew  classes,  etc« 

But  the  committee  appointed  by  the  city  to  look  after  the  spiritual  and 
moral  development  of  our  youth,  and  whose  aim  and  duty  it  is  to  furnish 
libraries  and  other  educational  institutions  for  residents  in  the  different 
parts  of  the  city,  the  Public  Library  Board,  has  entirely  neglected  our 

-  2  -  JEWISH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  May  28,  1914. 

community,  with  a  population  of  over  50>000  inhabitants.  And  furthermore 
the  community  is  still  growing  larger  and   larger*  This  is  a  district 
that  has  ten  public  schools  with  an  average  of  at  least  1,000  in  each 
school*  There  is  a  high  s chool  also  in  the  district.  The  Jewish  people 
of  such  a  large  district  lose  lots  of  time  and  are  very  much  inconvenienced 
by  having  to  travel  on  more  than  one  street  car,  to  get  to  the  main  library 
downtown  for  their  book  necessities. 

The  Poale  Zion  and  the  National  tforkers  Alliance  have  taken  upon  them- 
selves to  influence  the  Board  of  the  Chicago  Public  Library  to  open  up 
a  branch  library  on  the  West  Side  with  enough  reading  rooms  to  accommodate 
the  Jewish  inhabitants  in  this  district.  A  committee  for  that  purpose  has 
been  appointed.  Messrs.  K«  Mahmer  and  I.  Stillman  are  at  the  head  of  this 

-  3  -  JFJIISR-i...^^'^^ 

Daily  Jewish  Courier >  May  28,  1914 • 

committee  which  is  called  the  Douglas  Library  League ♦  This  league  has, 
with  its  energetic  hard  work,  gotten  up  a  petition  with  over  5fOOO 
names,  which  will  be  presented  to  the  Library  Board  by  Ur.   Phillip  Seaman, 
the  Superintendent  of  the  Hebrew  Institute* 

The  work  of  this  league  is  more  than  appreciated  by  the  citizens  of  this 
district*  All  the  public  schools,  high  schools,  and  the  Catholic  schools 
with  all  their  superintendents  are  earnestly  promising  to  cooperate  with  the 
league  in  this  undertaking*  The  Chicago  press  is  also  cooperating  and 
everyone  is  full  of  hope  that  our  thickly  populated  Douglas  Park  district 
will  soon  have  the  long  desired  branch  library* 

II  B  2  a 



Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Apr.  16,  1914 • 


The  Public  Library  of  Chicago,  in  recent  years  has  conducted  its  affairs 
on  modern  business  principles*  It  publicizes  its  reading  material  and 
seeks  to  attract  an  even  larger  number  of  children  to  its  various  branches 
throughout  the  city.  It  takes  pains  to  reach  the  masses  who  cannot  come 
to  the  local  centers*  First  comes  the  downtown  library  and  then  memy 
branches  in  different  localities  of  the  city.  VVhen  it  is  found  that  the 
patronage  is  too  small  for  the  establishment  of  a  branch  library,  it 
opens  up  delivery  stations  and  traveling  libraries*  vi'e  are  at  a  loss  for 
an  explanation  why  the  board  of  directors  of  this  energetic  institution 
is  neglecting  the  opening  of  a  branch  library  in  such  a  large  section  of 
the  city,  as  the  Douglas  Park  neighborhood  where  there  can  be  found  many 
thousands  of  Jewish  children  who  have  always  shown  their  eagerness  for 
knowledge.  Not  only  in  this  country,  but  in  other  countries  also« 

II  B  2  a  -  2  -  JE^SH 


Daily  Jewish  Courier^   Apr*   16,   1914. 

The  Jewish  district  begins  on  the  east   side  of  Douglas  Park  and  runs  along 
the  west  side  of  40th  Ave*     It   is  approximately  twenty-five  blocks  in 
length  and  ten  blocks  in  width.     Its  population  will  run  into  the  tens  of 
thousands  who  feel  that  they  are  being  mistreated  by  the  board  of  directors 
of  the  Chicago  Public  Library.     The  board  certainly  does  not  fail  to  do 
all  it  possibly  can  for  many  other  neighborhoods  in  the  city.     This 
district  which  is   settled  by  a  much  larger  population  is  very  much 
neglected*     Je  find  that  the  public  library  has  many  interesting  books, 
such  as  German,   Jewish-English,   and  much  Jewish  literature,  too  numerous 
to  mention,  which  can  be  utilized  in  a  new  library  branch  in  the  Jewish 
district.     So  it   is  nothing  but   right  and  fair,  that  the  Jews,  who  live  in 
the  Douglas  Park  district  and  who  always  did  their  part   in  carrying  the 
burden  of  public  duties  should  have  the  same  library  privileges  as  any 
other  part   of  the   city*     The  nearest  branch  for  the  Jewish  inhabitants  of 
the  Douglas  Park  district    is  the  Hebrew  Institute.     As  even  the  most 

II  B  2  a  -  3  -  JEWISH 


Daily  Jewish  Courier^  Apr.  16,  1914. 

eager  readers  are  not  very  anxious  to  take  the  long  walk  to  the  Hebrew 
Institute;  the  result   is  that  they  get  weaned  a^ray  from  reading  and  they 
spend  their  leisure  time  in  other  places  which  is  not  at  all  beneficial 
and  very  oft^n  detrimental  to  the  upbuilding  of  the  youth's  character* 

The  Jewish  public  in  the  district  feel  the  lack  of  a  library  very  keenly 
and  claim  that  an  injustice  has  been  done  to  the  Douglas  Park  district 
by  the  board  of  directors  of  the  Public  Library* 

II  B  2  a 


III  B  2 

Daily  Jewish  Courier^  Nov.  5f  1913 • 


Last  Sunday  night,  the  yearly  meeting  of  the  Shuchrie  Sfoss  Aver  was 
held  in  their  library  at  8lO  Ashland  Blvd.  The  secretaries  read  their 
reports  showing  that  in  the  year  since  they  acquired  their  own  building, 
they  have  attained  tremendous  success.  The  most  interesting  report  was  that 
given  by  the  librarian,  L'r.  P.  Dietch,  who  gave  a  complete  account  of  the 
books  and  the  kind  of  readers  that  frequent  the  library;  which  books  are 
read  the  most,  which  the  least,  etc*  This  report  is  especially  important 
to  those  Jews  who  are  interested  in  the  plight  of  the  Hebrew  language  in 

There  was  also  election  of  officers* 

III  1 1  ^11 

II  E  2  a 


Chicago  Heljre?;  Institute  OId server,   November,    I9I2. 


Our  liorar^,^  still  remains  one  of  the  smallest  in  the  city  from  point  of  view 
of  space.   Ho^;vever  in  circulation  and  attendance  it  continues  to  hold  its    ,  i 
own.   The  total  attendance  and  circulation  for  the  year  were  20?>,131  (10S,lU0i^ 
and  37,511  respectively)  as  against  131,0UU  (57i320  ^-nd  75,66U  respectively) 
last  year.  Mr.  Lecler,  lihrariaxi  of  the  puhlic  lihr&r^^  as  well  ?s  Mr.  Phe- 
la.n,  superintendent  of  the  puhlic  "branch  lioraries,  have  appealed  to  our 
committee  on  education  for  larger  quarters.   Thus  f^-^r,  however,  vie   ?^ere  un- 
alDle  to  comply  with  their  request.   Eowever,  it  is  hooed  that  when  our  present 
g;v^mnasium  is  moved  to  the  new  building,  we  mpy  find  it  possible  to  arrange 
for  larger  quarters.   It  will  have  to  he  at  least  two-thirds  larger' th&n  the 
present  room.   The  character  of  the  literature  circulated  is  very  different 
frorij  what  is  found  in  other  branch  libraries.  It  is,  we  are  informed,  of  a. 
much  more  serious  character  and  embraces  almost  all  branches  of  knowledge. 

II  B  2  a 
I  A  2  a 



The  Refona  Advocate,    Vol.    39,   Wk.    of  June  IS,    IJIO,   p.S27. 



The  He'brer  Literary  Institute  is  an  orgar-ization  whose  object  is  to  main-C:::J 
tain  the  Hetrew  language  and  to  propagate  loyal t^^  and  love  for  Judaism.  %e 
Institute  suffered  a  great  loss  in  the  destruction  "by  fire  of   the  Chicago 
Hehrew  Institute.  A  lihrary  of  2,000  ^''olurres  in  several  langijiages,  all  on 
Jewish  science  and  a  collection  of  Jewish  books  on  general  subjects,  vanished 
in  the  flame c« 

A  young  man,  l^r.  Ho  sen,  has  donated  1,000  hooks  and  a  beginning  has  thus  been 
made  to  rebuild  the  only  Jewish  librar;y^  in  Chicago. 


II  B  2  a  JEWISH 


Conner.  June  17,  1910  WFA  (ILL,)  PROJ  30275 

A  Call  To  Bsbraists 

We  wish  to  azmoamce  to  the  Chicago  Jewish  Public  that  the  Hebrew  Library* 
which  was  destroyed  in  the  Institute,  will  again  be  opened  in  the  yery  near 
ftitTxre#   A  collection  of  one- thousand  Hebrew  books,  the  best  Works  of  Hebrew 
authors,  was  donated  by  the  well-known  scholar,  Mr»  8.   Hosen,  from  his  personal 
i     This  and  other  smaller  donations  will  form  the  nucleus  of  the  new  library. 


The  Hebrew  Library  Committee  woxild  appreciate  any  donations  of  books  in 
Hebrew  or  any  other  language,  so  long  as  the  books  are  of  Jewish  interest. 

Those  who  have  always  desired  to  do  something  for  the  Hebrew^language  can 
now  satisfy  this  yearning  by  piirchasisg  or  donating  from  their  personal  libraries, 
books  of  Jewish  interest* 

We  hope  the  Hebraists  of  Chicago  will  respond  as  generously  as  they  can  to 
this  very  worthwhile  project. 


The  Committee 


^  II  B  2  a 
II  D  6 


I  B  U 

WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30275 
Courier.  April  15,  I909, 

Dear  Editor  of  the  Jewish  Courier:  j 


The  necessity  of  a  Jewish  center  in  Chicago,  where  different  Jewish  groups  | 
are  ahle  to  get  together  and  express  their  views  on  various  topics,  freely,  ' 
and  at  the  same  time  feel  that  they  are  in  a  Jewish,  national  atmosphere,  I 
has  been  solved  hy  the  opening  of  the  Hebrew  Institute*  This  center  has  | 

been  recognized  by  all  ri^t-thinking  Jews  as  a  necessary  function  in  the 
Jewish  community  here.  But  here,  with  the  assistance  of  your  paper,  I  wish       \ 
to  draw  the  attention  of  the  officers  of  the  Chicago  Hebrew  Institute  tp  an       I 
absolutely  necessary  department  which  ought  to  be  added  soon  to  the  institu- 
tion, and  that  is  a  Jewish  library.   It  should  be  a  collection  of  various 
books,  magazines,  and  newspeqpers,  which  should  satisfy  the  mutual  and  spiri- 
tual needs  of  the  Jewish  masses  and  of  which  they  have  been  sadly  lacking. 

Grood  Jewish  literature  cannot  be  obtained  in  every  place.  I  have  been  a 
frequent  visitor  to  the  Hebrew  Institute;  I  have  walked  around  the  building, 
but  no  sign  of  a  library  is  to  be  found  there.  However,  you  will  find 


II  B  2  a  -  2  -  JEWISH 

II  D  6 
I  B  U 


Courier.  April  15,  I909. 

WPA  dLL.)  pro;.  3G2?b 

there  some  unnecessary  clu'bs  and  dance  halls  where  hoys  and  girls  get  to- 
gether and  have  a  good  time* 

Respectfully  yours, 

B.  Eatzen  -  USO  Morgan  street. 

Dear  Editor: 

I  read  the  article  of  Eabhi  Holtzman  of  Brooklyn,  N.  !•,  ahout  the  educa- 
tion of  Jewish  children,  and  I  think  that  the  rahbi's  plan  is  alright*  But 
how  many  times  have  already  been  written,  and  plans  formulated,  about  the 
pitiful  neglect  in  giving  the  young  generation  a  Jewish  education?  Look  at 
the  ftentilesi  How  they  take  care  of  matters  concerning  the  spirit,  and  the 
religious  education  of  their  children.'  They  see  to  it  that  their  religion 
should  be  strengthened,  while  in  our  midst  it  is  getting  weaker  and  weaker. 
It  is  appalling  to  think  of  how  many  thousands  of  grown-ups  as  well  as 
small  children  had  or  have  no  Jewish  education  at  all,  and  Judaism  is 
entirely  strange  to  them.  Many  of  them  even  go  so  far  as  to  ridicule  and 
to  lau^  at  anything  dealing  with  Judaism.   They  laugh  at  it  because  they 

II  B  2  a  -  3  -  JEWISH 

II  D  6 
I  B  U 


Courier,  April  15.  1909* 

lVPA(iLL)PRoj.  30275 

donH  know  anything  dealing  with  Judaism.  They  have  not  learned  a"bout  our 
history,  our  religion,  and  about  our  language.  Our  Jewish  elders,  parents 
of  children,  are  contrihuting  money  to  the  "building  of  more  synagogues,  hut 
f  for  whom  are  they  "building  them?  Only  the  older  ones  go  there  to  worship 
and  to  meet  friends,  hut  no  young  people  can  he  seen  there.  Why  donH  we 
try  to  "build  something  for  them? 

The  Hebrew  Institute  is  also  a  Jewish  training  school,  and  as  duch  it  should 
have  been  the  first  to  open  such  classes  where  a  Jewish  education  should 
particularly  be  given.  Sood  and  competent  Jewish  teachers  who  understand 
and  are  well  versed  in  the  English  and  Hebrew  languages,  and  who  have  a 
thorough  knowledge  in  Jewish  history  from  its  inception  to  the  present  time, 
should  be  intrusted  with  the  .education  of  Jewish  youth.  They  are  the  ones 
who  chould  be  capable  of  instilling  enthusiasm  and  love  to  the  Jewish  people 
and  Judaism.  Zionist  clubs  for  children  would  not  help  anything.  Only  daily 
classes  where  a  national  spirit  will  be  present  at  all  times,  and  where  the 
customs  and  mores  of  the  Jewish  people  can  be  taught,  will  alleviate  the 

Anna  Gtoldberg. 

II  B  2  a 

I    C  VVPA  (ILL)  PRoj.  30275 

Courier,   11-3-07 • 

HEARD  AND  SEEN  (continued) 

The  Public  J^lbrary,  after  a  great  deal  of  coaxing  by  Jewish 
Organizations,  have  finally  purchased  a  number  of  books  In  the 
Yiddish  Language.   Some  of  the  finest  Yiddish  writers  are  represen- 
ted In  the  collection  numbering  several  hundred  books.  Directors 
of  the  library  state  that  If  this  practice  proves  popular,  many 
more  books  will  be  added  to  the  present  collection •  We  call  upon 
our  Yiddish  reading  public  to  take  advantage  of  this  very  opportunity 
provided  by  the  Chicago  Public  Library.  Rememberl  The  more  books 
you  read,  the  more  variety  of  books  you  will  be  able  to  read 
because  the  Chicago  Public  Library  Is  certain  to  Increase  the 
number  of  Yiddish  books  If  a  favorable  response  Is  forth-coming 
from  the  Yiddish  Bo6k  lovers. 

II  B  2  a 


Sinai  Congregation,  Executive  Board,  Minutes,  May  8,  1893* 

The  Committee  on  (Semitic)  Library  Fond,  through  the  president,  reported 
having  received  in  suhscription,  the  sum  of  $5flOO# 



II  fi  2  a 


Sinai  Congregation,  Executive  Board,  Minjites,  August  lU,  lg93« 

Letter  of  Prof.  Wm.  R.  Harper  to  the  president  (J.  L.  Oatzert)  accepting  the 
appointment  of  memher  of  the  Committee  to  purchase  hooks  for  the  Semitic  li- 
brary, and  acknowledging  '•the  magnificent  gift  which  you  thus  present  to  the 
university"  was  read  and  ordered  filed. 

II  B  2  a 
I  A  1  d 



The  Reforir;  Advocate,  Wk,  of  April  8,  1P>93.  p.lSC,  B 

The  interided  contribution  of  Sinai  Congregation  to  a  fund  for  the  establish- 
ment of  a  Semitic  Library  will  be  hailed  with  delight  by  all  members  of  the  Uni- 
versity, Hitherto  the  students  have  been  hampered  in  their  investigations,  ow- 
ing to  lack  of  books  and  without  a  well  equipped  library  no  scholarly  research 
is  possible.  This  action  on  the  part  of  Sinai  v;ill  insure  the  success  of  Semitic 
studies  and  make  the  University  as  it  is  intended,  the  center  of  such  studies 
in  this  country^ 

•  y 

II  B  2  a 


The  Reform  Advocate >  June  5,  1891 ♦ 



M«  David  Uontezinos  has  presented  his  library  comprising  8,000  volumes,  to 
the  Beth  Hamedrash,  belonging  to  the  Portuguese  congregation  at  Amsterdam^ 

^'L  . 




i       II  A  3  b 




The   Occident,   March  ?3,    l^SS.  :| 


The  followinf^  letter  from  >'r.    Carl  Wolfsohn,    the  eminent  -nipnist   of  ChiC'^^o, 
hrs  (C^iven  the  Piihlic   Lihrar^'  of   Chicpfro,    the   Ir^te  Beethoven   Society's  vpIu- 
^^hle  imisic   scores  of  e^^inent   aoithors,   which  hv>?  sxi  intrinsic  vF-lne  of  rt 
lerst   S?,500 

Mr.  Adolr)h  :!oses 
De??r  Sir: 

The  Lihr^ry  of   the  Beethoven   Society,   which  hrs  heen  -nlf^ced  p,t  my  disposi- 
tion by  the  Board  of  Directors  of  thrt   society,    I   have  held  for   several  ye?rs, 
vraitinf^  for  fn  on-oortr.nity   to  ^refent   it   to   a  ner  musicrl    society  whose   only 
and  r)rinci-^al  aim   should  "be   the   Richest   in  Art.     As  no    such  o--oortunity 
■oresent'^.  itself  and  is  even  not   visible   in   the  nerr  future,    I   be^^  you   to 
renuest   the  Board  of  Directors   of   the  Public  Librr^r^'   to  accent   it   as  a  gift 
on  m^^  D?^:rt,    to   pn  institution   fostering  that,    which  throuv*^  my  v;hole   life 
had  h?id  mj^  deer^est    sympathy,   -   The   advancement  ?Xid  culture   of  m.ind  rnd   soul. 

II  B  2  a 
II  A  1  "b 

_  o  _ 


The  Oncident,   March  ?3 ,    \m%. 


Sho^jld  ?t  any  time   the  loan   of  the  worlds  of   the  Beethoven  Library  rs^ir.t   the    ^3 
nev7  as  well  as  no-'  existing  chorrl   {societies,    it  ^-oiild  fully  meet  my  rashes, 
pjid  an  oh.iect   ?=ttPinec3   I   always  had  in  view. 

Carl  Wolfsohn 
March  9,  V^'^^ 


B.  Avocational  and  Intellectual 
2.  Intellectxial 
b.  Museums 

/  T 



'f  ,: 

,  'P/'^ 

•'  '/iv 

^.  ■  '.--/.'' 

■  A»' 

II  3  2  b 
II  D  6 


Chicago  Jewish  Chronicle,  November  3f  1933 • 


Last  Sunday  the  Jewish  People's  Institute  opened  its  ICuseum  of  Natural 
History,  which  was  presented  to  the  Institute  by  Samuel  Bornstein,  who 
was  personally  responsible  for  the  gathering  of  the  material  contained 
in  the  exhibit,  consisting  of  more  than  3>000  pieces* 

It  has  been  called  a  miniature  Field  Museum,  for  it  contains  sample 
exhibits  in  natural  history  and  anthropology  in  a  measure  similar  to 
that  found  in  the  Field  Museum.  This  Museum  will  offer  an  excellent 
opportunity  to  nearly  a  quarter  of  a  million  people  living  within  welk* 
ing  distance  of  the  Institute  to  become  acquainted  with  the  wonders  of 
nature • 



-  -J 

J      o 



The  institute  vrill  be  located   i::-  The  uld  i^'ino  Arts   'iuildin^,   an«:':  v/ill  be 
naraed  after  Julius   Hoseixvuld.      'rhe  old  ririe  Arts   •  uildiiLj,    in  Jackson  P'-i"k, 
will  undor^jo  a  co..iplete  chan:;e,   the  v;or!c  to  start  Ju..e  1,      The  b.dldin;;  v/lll 
be  occupied  by  the  Julius  Hosenv/ald   r.usea..  of  Industry  accordinr:  to  the  an- 
nouncement made  by  '.aldei-iar  .-'aeMpfert,   directo*:*  of  the  l!useum.      Julius 
Ho'^.env;ald*s  contribution  of  •;5, 000, 000  together  vdth   the    '5,000,000  secured 

by  a  bond  issue  of  the  h^outh  rarl:  uoir.a:ssion  riade  t'  is  projo 


The  achievements  of   industry  up  to  the   yresent  v:il?.  be  represented  b^^  models, 
v/hich  v;ill   shov;  the   ''technical  pro^-re^s   of  mankind'*   in  historical   order. 
:any  itoris   for  por/ianent  exhibiti  -n  jiave  already  arrived;      Oae  of  these   is 
the  apToaratus  used   in  niea^urin^^  the  veloeitv  c:"  li^ht,   an  invention  of  i'rofes- 




— • 

ichelson,  of  the  university  of  uhica^o. 

II   B   2  b 


The   Reform  Advocate^  'i^eek  of  March   2,    1929^   Volume   77,    Page   109. 

For  yeers   it   has  been  the   idea  of  Philip   Semant    general   director  of  the  -^ 

Jewish  People  Institute,   to  establish  in  Chicago  a  museum  of  Jewish  an-  '^ 

tiquities.     The  museiim  is  now  open  and   contains   dozens  of  art  "objects  \^ 

brought  from  the   old   Jewish  cities   of  Poland,    Galiciaf   Germany,    Italy  and 

Chas.    Shaffner,    one   of  Chicago's   oldest   residents,    is  responsible   for  the 
purchase   of  many  of  the  object s# 


■  "^ 

II  B  2  b 
II  A  3  o 

JEV/ISB  -f 

^— «* 

The  Refora  Mvooate.   Vol*  75»  p.  406,  Wk*  of  May  I2t  1928#  ':^ 


»  v.     -" 

At  a  moeting  recently  held  at  the  Jewish  People  Institute  a  new  organization  v; 
was  formed  to  be  known  as  the  Jewish  .Ibis eum  Association  of  Chioago«  Its  cdm   J^ 
is  to  oreate  in  Chicago  a  Jewish  art  center  which  shall  have  the  following 
departments:  (1)  A  gallery  for  paintings  and  sculptures  of  Jewish  artistSt 
(2)  A  library  of  graphics^  for  impressions  of  etchings  and  wood-cuts  of 
Jewish  engravers,  (3)  An  art   libraryt  for  books  cmd  resecurch  material  on 
Jewish  art  and  artists,  (4)  A  museum  of  antiquities  to  contcdn  treasures 
of  the  Synagogue # 

Ur«  Todras  Oeller,  the  well  known  Jewish  artist,  was  elected  acting  director 
of  the  newly  formed  association* 

II  B  2  1) 


Dally  Jewish  Courier.   J^rll  8,   1909. 

Mr*  Harry  Lipsky  V/ants  to  Acquaint  the  Jewish  Publlo 
of  Chicago  with  the  Riohes  card  Life  of  a 
Large  Area  of  the  United  States 


WPA  (iil.)  PROJ.  30275 

To  aoquednt  the  Jewish  masses  of  this  city  with  the  development  of  oommerce 
and  industry  of  the  West,  and  to  show  the  steps  one  must  take  in  order  to 
work  oneself  up,  is  the  last  plan  to  be  carried  out  at  the  Hebrew  Institute* 
The  creator  of  this  plan  is  Mr«  Harry  Ilpsky,  the  associated  superintendent 
of  the  institution*  Mr*  Upsky  is  arranging  an  exhibition  for  which  he  is 
gathering  numerous  pictures  representing  in  graphic  form  the  wealth  of  the 
various  states  in  the  Wast,  and  he  will  be  t^tere  to  explain  to  the  visitors 
the  meaning  of  these  pictures* 

■  V 

■      ^.■«-..  r. 

II  B  2  b  .  2  .  JB';iSH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier.  April  8t  1909.  '^^^  OIL)  PROi,3027i 

In  this  undertaking  Mr*  Llpsky  received  the  cooperation  of  the  large 
publishing  housest  most  of  the  railroad  compeoiiest  mine  ownerst  manu* 
faoturers,  and  farmer Sy  cuKi  from  all  those  who  have  been  olosely  connected 
with  the  rapid  growth  of  the  wealthy  regions  in  the  country* 

Most  of  the  pictures,  and  valuable  materials  linked  with  them,  necessary 
to  make  this  exhibition  a  success,  have  already  been  collected  by  Mr* 
Lipsky,  and  in  several  days  an  announcement  will  be  made  when  the  opening 
will  take  place* 

Ihe  esdiibition  at  the  Hebrew  Institute  will  be  called:  "Industrial  etnd 
Educational  l&iseum*"  Ihrough  the  pictures,  maps,  and  literary  works  which 
are  being  gathered  for  this  occasion,  each  visitor  will  get  some  idea  of 
the  activities  and  life  of  the  Americans  in  the  West,  as  well  as  to  get  a 
glimpse  into  the  lives  of  those  who  live  in  the  new  states  of  Texas, 
Oklahoma,  Colorado,  Wyoming,  Idaho,  and  Monteuia*  The  visitor  will  be  shown, 
among  other  things,  the  development  of  various  Industries,  such  as  horti- 
culture, sugar  plantations,  cattle  raising  and  modern  farming* 

II  B  2  b 


Dally  Jewish  Courier^  April  8,  1909.        ^p^  /jj^j^^  pop.  ^^ 

"To  Jews,  especially,  this  exhibition  should  be  of  great  Interest,"  Mr* 
Llpsky  explained  to  a  reporter  of  the  Jewish  Courier •  "This  should  par- 
ticularly be  of  Interest  to  our  newly  Immigrated  brethren*  The  main 
purpose  Is  to  draw  the  attention  of  the  public  to  the  life  and  activities 
that  go  on  In  the  far  and  wide  regions  of  the  V/est,  and  the  opportunities 
one  can  get  by  going  away  from  the  large  and  densely  populated  Merlcan 
cities,  and  to  look  for  a  place  to  settle  where  the  opportunities  for 
betterment  are  much  brighter*" 

Mr*  Llpsky  think^i  that  this  exhibition  would  do  much  good  for  the  Jewish 
masses,  and  he  hopes  that  it  would  be  visited  by  all  Jews  in  Chicago* 


B.  Avocational  and  Intellectual 
Z.   Intellectual 

c*  Scientific  and  Historical 




II  B  2  c 

III  B  1 



-  r 

The  Jewish  Charities  Minutes,  Januraiy  26,  1931 


At  the  meeting  of  the  Board,  Mr.  Becker  spole  on  the  work  of  the        V, 
Jewish  Telegraphic  Agency  and  its  importance  to  world  and  American  Jewry.   He  -j 
then  introduced  Mr.  Jexsob  Landau,  representative  of  the  J.  T.  A.  who  presented 
the  work  of  the  Agency  in  covering  throughout  the  world  news  of  importsnce  to 
the  Jews, 

Not  only  has  the  Associated  Press  and  the  Reuter  Agency  unqualifiedly  ac- 
cepted and  paid  for  the  news  items  which  the  Agency  furnished  them,  but  the  ac- 
tive distribution  of  such  news  has  "been  a  protective  force  to  the  Jewish  com- 
munities of  Eastern  Europe. 

He  stated  that  the  Agency  had  a  gross  "budget  of  some  $250,000  against 
which  it  had  an  internal  income  of  $125,000  leaving  a  deficit  of  about  $125,000 
which  had  to  be  made  up  by  contributions.  MeB8rs.  Felix  and  Paul  Warburg. 
Mortimer  L.  Schiff  and  Julius  Rosenwald  among  others  had  for  a  number  of  years 
generously  contributed  to  the  Agency.  The  American  Jew! sh  Committee  ha.d  inves- 
tigated the  conduct  of  its  affairs  very  thoroughly  and  was  so  convinced  of  the 

Page  2 

II  B  2  ( 

III  B  1 


1  s-^l  - 


importance  of  the  Agency  to  Jewry  that  it  had  departed  from  its  previous        \^ 
practice  and  had  endorsed  and  sponsored  a  fund  raisir.g  campaign  for  the  Agen-    \3 
cy  at  a  time  when  the  Committee  itself  was  in  great  need  of  fund?;. 

Mr.  Becker  then  emphasized  the  fact  that  the  Chicago  Community  had  not 
been  doing  its  share  in  regard  to  the  Agency  and  other  national  organizations 
and  that  it  was  the  duty  of  the  Board  to  see  that  ChiCr'^go  participated  end  contri- 
buted its  proper  share  to  all  such  national  ajid  international  activities. 

Messrs  Kline  and  Wormser  pointed  out  that  the  problem  c^n   only  he  solved 
"by  creating  a  fund  for  this  purpose.  The  Executive  Director  remarked  that 
such  a  fund  was  in  contemplation  as  soon  as  conditions  permitted. 

II  3 

■  ■  ■  ■  J- 

Throu/;;:^  the  courtesy  of  David  K*  Jackson,  president  of  the  Lincoln  Park  Coin- 
riiissioners,  arran-^^ments  are  no\7  under  v/ay  to  make  this  historiCcil  event  a 
nost  menorahle  one  in  the  annals  of  the  Jcvs  of  Chicago^ 

C-overnor  Len  Small  will  he  the  guest  of  ^>onor  and  Senator  John  Dailey  of 
Peoria,  an  authority  on  Illinois'  early  history,  will  make  the  principal 
address  • 

The  Chica,^-o  Je"^'ish  Chronicle,  ^<.    -.f   3ept.  ir>,  19??,  Yol.  11,  ::.l,    ^ 


On  Sunday  Cctoher  3,  Chicf^^o  Day,  the  iJerz   of  Chicago  and  particularly  the 
menherc  of  the  Je-^rish  Historical  Society  of  Illinois  and  their  fairiilies  v/ill 
colehrate  the  dedication  of  a  memorial  t'^hlet  in  Lincoln  Park,  markin.^  the    <5 
location  of  the  fir?t  Je^7ish  cemetery  in  Illinois  and  the  entire  ITcrth^vest 
in  1347,  Sir^hty  years  b{:o   a  group  of  men  "brought  from  the  city  a.  tract  of 
land,  which  is  novr  Lincoln  Park,  for  !i^'40.C3  and  converted  it  into  a  Beth 
Halr/orath,   It  v;as  the  first  corpor-te  act  of  the  Jews  of  Chicago,  acting 
in  unison  for  the  entire  Jewish  comim.Tnity,  small  as  it  was. 



II  B  2  o 


The  Chio^^'-^-o  Chroniole,  Volume  5»  Vfeek  of  June  22,  1923,  Page  1. 

Of  the  research  v^ork  of  the  Jev/ish  ^Tistorical  Society  there  seems  to 
be  no  end.   The  staff  of  the  Society  has  been  busy  going  over  the  original 
records,  m'any  of  v;hioh  have  not  seen  the  light  of  day  for  seventy-five 
years  • 

Thousands  of  questionnaires  h.  ve  been  mailed  out  to  men  and  women  of 
Chio^'tgo,  who  have  helped  to  make  history.  The  r^^sults  have  been  more 
than  gratifying,  and  after  a  complete  check  of  all  the  material,  the  book 
will  be  ready  for  press* 

Those  v/ho  have  been  privilegea  to  see  the  manuscript  and  the  illustrations 
are  uneuiimous  in  asserting  that  not  only  will  it  be  an  inspiration  for 
the  present  generation,  but  vdll  be  a  guiding  light  for  many  generations 
to  oome* 

^11  B  2^c 

II  D  10 

III  B  2 


Th9  Rftform  Advocate.   Volt65#Wk#of  Peb.3,1923— P*13 



The  American  Society  for  the  Advancement  of  the  Hebrew  University 
will  hold  an  open  meeting  on  February  4th •   This  society  Is 
unique  In  that  Its  membership  Is  limited  to  professional  people 
and  university  graduate s«  It  Is  In  the  final  process  of 
organization  and  the  next  meeting  will  witness  the  election  of 
permanent  officers* 




II  B  2  0  JEWISH 


Dally  Jewish  Courier^  Jan^  30,  1923* 


(In  English) 

A  elub  composed  of  Jewish  professional  people  has  been  organized  recently  In 
the  Interests  of  the  Hebrew  University  In  Palestine*  The  formation  of  such 
a  club  seems  to  be  very  timely  Just  now  to  Judge  by  the  response  which  has 
been  evoked  at  the  various  meetings  already  held*  The  club  fills  a  distinct 
place  In  the  coomunlty*  Since  there  are,  no  doubt ^  a  great  many  idio  have 
been  eagerly  awaiting  the  formation  of  Just  such  an  organization,  an  open 
meeting  has  been  planned  for  next  Sunday*  A  social  hour  will  follow  the 
meeting*  A  cordial  Invitation  Is  extended  to  €dl  Interested  to  come  Sunday     x}^ 
evening,  February  4th,  at  Stelnway  Hall*  /Editor* s  note:  This  article  Is  In    ^^ 
English  originally*  It  has  not  been  edited  In  the  usual  mannerj»7* 


II  B  2  c  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (3) 

IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Mar.  3,  1922. 




The  annual  meeting  of  the  Jewish  Historical  Society  of  Illinois  took  place 

last  night  in  the  Rose  Room  of  the  Morrison  Hotel.  Approximately  one  hun-  ^ 

dred  and  fifty  of  the  most  prominent  Jews  of  Chicago  were  present*  A  fish  ^ 

dinner  was  served,  Alexander  Akimoff ,  of  the  Petrograd  Opera  House,  sang  f^ 

some  operatic  arias  and  some  Jewish  folk  songs.  He  has  a  powerful  but  >I7 

sweet  voice  and  he  made  a  hit.  He  was  accompanied  by  Miss  Miriam  Firstenberg,  ^ 

the  celebrated  pianist.  Stereopticon  pictures  were  then  shown  of  the  ^ 

development  of  Chicago  and  the  part  the  jews  had  played  in  it;  the  explana-  ^ 
tions  were  given  by  Professor  A.  A.  Friedlander. 


The  speakers  were:  Judge  Harry  M.  Fisher,  Jacob  M.  Loeb,  James  Davis, 

M.  E.  Greenebaum,  B.  Horwich,  and  Nathan  D.  Kaplan.  S.  J.  Rosenblatt  was 


In  speaking  of  the  purpose  of  the  gathering,  Mr.  Rosenblatt  pointed  out  the 

II  B  2  c  -  2  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (3) 

IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier ,  Mar*  3,  1922, 

difficult  work  that  had  been  done  during  the  past  five  years  by  Mr.  H.  L.  Meites 
to  gather  material  for  the  history  of  the  Jews  in  this  state,  Mr.  Rosenblatt 
declared  that  every  Jew  would  be  privileged  to  own  the  book  that  is  soon  to 
be  published.  Those  present  showed  their  great  interest  in  this  enterprise   ^ 
by  subscribing  for  the  forthcoming  book.  g 



1 — 



















II  B  2  c  JSYISH 

II  B  2  d  (3) 

III  F  Dally  Jewish  Courier.  Feb.  17,  1922. 


At  the  offices  of  Mr.  S.  J.  Rosenblatt,  in  the  First  National  Bank  Building, 
a  meeting  of  the  members  of  the  Jewish  Historical  Society  of  Illinois  was  held. 
The  following  were  elected  officers:  S.  J.  Rosenblatt,  president,  Jacob  M. 
Loeb,  vice-president.  Judge  Harry  Fisher,  vice-president,  H.  L.  I'eites,  record- 
ing secretary,  LI.  N.  Reisenard,  financial  secretary,  M.  E.  Greenebaum,  treasurer,  g 


The  group  decided  to  undertake  at  once  the  issuance  of  The  History  of  The  Jews    g 
in  Chicago,  in  honor  of  the  seventy-fifth  anniversary  of  the  first  Jewish        c^^ 
settlement  in  Chicago.  The  first  Jewish  public  prayers  in  Chicago  took  place 
on  the  High  Holidays,  seventy- five  years  ago.  This  event  will  be  commemorated 
with  appropriate  ceremonies  this  year. 

On  Thursday  night,  March  2,  a  dinner  will  be  given  at  the  Morrison  Hotel,  the 
purpose  of  viiich  is  to  awake  the  interest  of  men  and  women  who  are  active  in 

II  B  2  c  -  2  -  JS^nSE 

II  B  2  d  (3) 

III  F  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Feb.  17,  1922. 

social  work,  and  to  induce  them  to  become  members  of  the  Historical  Society. 
After  dinner,  a  lecture  will  be  delivered  with  the  aid  of  stereopticon  pictures, 
which  will  show  the  accomplishments  of  Jews  in  the  development  of  Chicago* 



II  B  ?  c 




The  ChiCFF^o   Chronicle,  W^c.  of  February  I7,  I9??.  Vol.'^jp.l.         :i 



The  Jewish  Historicpl   Society  of  Illinoi?  met   Pt   the  office  of   S.    J.    Rosen-  i^ 

hlntt   pnd  elected  the  follo^^dn^^  officers;      President,    S,   J.    Rosenhlptt;    Vice- 
President,   J^coh.   v..    Loeh;    Vice-President,   Jud^e  Hprry  Iv.:,    Fisher;   Recordin^p:  "^ 
Secretary,   H.    L.   K.eites;   Financi?!   Secretary,   lieyer  Rosengprd;    Treasurer,   !,',  I5r» 
E.    Greenebpum, 

The  first  efforts  of  the  or,?;.'»ni?rtion  rill  be   to   launch  a  camrjai;*^  for  members 
to  the  Historical  Society  and  to  publish  "The  Histor;v^  of  the  Jews  of  Illinois," 
which  is  being  com;iiiled  for  a  number  of  years  and  is  now  nearin^  coirpiletion. 


II  B  2  c  JEmSR 


Daily  Jev/ish  Coiirier^  Nov.  5,  1920. 


"Lelamed  Bnai  Yehudah"  is  the  nane  of  a  new  Jewish  organization  on  the  West 
Side,  vdiose  aim  is  to  study  Jewish  history  throughout  the  centuries  of  Jewish 
suffering*  This  organization  was  foxinded  by  Rabbi  Isaac  Kaplan  of  Congregation 
Agudath  Jacob  Anshe  Kroz,  emd  is  sponsored  by  the  Adas  Bnai  Israel,  an  organi- 
zation founded  eight  years  ago  to  foster  observance  of  the  Sabbath.  Meetings  g 
are  held  every  Tuesday  evening  at  the  Congregation  Agudath  Jacob  on  West  15th  "" 
Street  and  South  Homan  Avenue,  \*iere  part  of  the  evening  is  to  be  spent  in  group  g 
study  of  Jewish  history^  A  speaker  ?rill  conclude  the  evening's  program  with  an  c^ 
address  on  some  Jewish  question  or  topic. 

Large  public  meetings  will  be  held  November  14,  28,  and  December  12,  1920,  in 
order  to  acquaint  the  Jewish  people  with  the  purpose  of  the  organization. 
Rabbis  S.  Grlick,  Isaac  Kaplan,  A.  Cardon,  A.  Fraum,  and  M.  Fineberg  have  promised 
to  help  the  organization.  The  charter  is  still  open  and  all  ?4io  are  interested 
are  v/elcoide  to  join. 


II  B  2  c  JE17ISH 


Daily  Jev/ish  Courier  >  liay  15,  1918. 



More  than  three  hundred  of  the  most  prominent  Jews  of  Chicago  came  to  the 
meeting  at  Sinai  Center  yesterday,  and  heard  the  report  of  the  special 
committee  on  bylaws  for  the  new  Jewish  Historical  Society  of  Illinois. 
After  the  report,  members  of  the  Executive  Board  were  elected.  This  board 
will  consist  of  thirty- three  members,  twenty-four  of  whom  will  be  from 
Chicago  and  nine  from  the  rest  of  the  state. 

The  Chicago  and  Cook  County  members  are:  IJrs.  Benjamin  Davis,  J.  Davis, 
E.  B.  Felsenthal,  Oscar  Foreman,  Henry  L.  Frank,  M.  P.  Ginsburg,  M.  E. 
Greenebaum,  Dr.  Emil  G.  Hirsch,  Nathan  D.  Kaplan,  Llax  Klee,  Adolph  Krause, 
Sidney  Loeb,  Julian  \h   Llack,  H.  L.  IJaites,  Lessing  Rosenthal,  Julius 
Rosenwald,  Philip  Seraan,  Samuel  Philipson,  Llax  Shulman,  Edward  Selz, 
Rabbi  S.  Silber,  Dr.  Joseph  Stolz,  Llrs.  Julius  Stone,  and  Dr.  A.  B. 
Yudelson.  Next  Monday  the  Executive  Board  will  hold  its  first  meeting 
and  elect  officers. 

II  B  2  c 

-  2  - 

Daily  Jewish  Courier.  May  15,  1918, 


Dr.  Emil  G.  Hirsch  addressed  the  gathering  on  the  importance  of  history. 

II  B  2  c  JMISH 


IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Apr.  30,   1918 • 



This  evening  a  permanent  Jewish  Historical  Society  will  be  foiinded,  which  v/ill 
contribute  to  the  century  jubilee  of  our  state  a  printed  report  of  the  accomplish- 
ments of  Jews  to  the  success  of  the  State  of  Illinois  in  these  fev/  generations. 

The  meeting  will  be  held  at  eight  o'clock  in  the  evening  at  the  Chicago  Historical 
Society  Building,  Dearborn  and  Ontario  Streets.  For  the  benefit  of  those  present, 
the  rich  museum  of  the  Society  will  be  open  from  seven  until  ten-thirty,  enabling 
everybody  to  view  the  eintiques  and  valuable  articles  v;hich  are  to  be  found  there. 

Dr.  Otto  L.  Schmidt,  president  of  the  Illinois  Centennial  Commission  and  Vice- 
president  of  the  Chicago  Historical  Society  will  address  the  meeting  on  the  very 
interesting  theme:   "The  Jewish  Pioneers  '.Thom  I  Knew." 

The  xvell-known  Jewish  banker,  M.  S.  Greenebaum,  has  agreed  that  his  father. 

'   II  B  2  c  -  2  -  JS^YISH 

'      III  F 

IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Apr*  30,  1918. 

Elias  Greenebaum,  the  oldest  Jew  in  Illinois,  should  be  the  honorary  president 
of  the  Jewish  Historical  Society,  which  will  be  founded  this  evening.  !ar. 
Elias  Greenebaum  is  ninety-five  years  old. 

All  those  who  are  interested  in  Je?:ish  history  in  general,  and  the  history  of 
Jews  of  Illinois  in  particular,  are  invited  to  the  meeting. 

»-   •» 

II  B  2  c  JEWISH 

II  B  1  c  (3) 

II  B  2  d  (3)      Dally  Jewish  Coiirler.  Apr>  18,  1918. 

Hi  F 


One  hundred  years  ago  today,  our  State  of  Illinois  was  Incoirporated  In  the 
United  States  and  this  reunion  will  be  celebrated  with  great  pomp  and  splendor^ 

The  holiday  began  yesterday  at  Springfield,  the  capital  of  the  State,  and  will 
be  continued  a  few  days  later  in  Chicago* 

Mr.  Hyman  L.   Meltes  of  the  Jewish  Historical  Society  of  Illinois  was  Invited 
to  this  celebration*  He  left  yesterday  for  Springfield* 

The  Jewish  Historical  Society  will  publish  for  this  occasion~the  Staters 
century  jubilee-- a  great  work  about  the  part  played  by  Jews  in  the  establish- 
ment, development,  and  growth  of  the  State  of  Illinois*  This  work  will  be  the 
most  colossal  and  complete  ever  published  by  Jews,  as  well  as  a  beautiful  con- 
tribution for  the  great  holiday* 

Friday  evening, a  great  holiday  meeting  will  be  held, and  a  lecture  given  about 

lll^  "^   ,^v                                                               -  2  -                                                          JEWISM 
II  B  1  c   (3) 

II  B  2  d   (3)  Dally  Jewish  Courier^  Apr.  18,  1918# 


the  history  of  Illinois  on  the  premises  of  the  local  Historicaio  '  "^  '^' 
Society*  \^ 

II  B  2  o 
II  C 



The  Sentinelt  Volumes  27-28;  Teek  of  December  14,  1917.  Page  6.  o 

At  a  meeting  held  last  week  in  the  Sherman  Hotel,  H«  L«  Meites,  secretary     (^;^' 
of  the  Jewish  Historical  Society  of  IllinoiSf  artnounced  that  the  society  will 
dedicate  a  tablet  upon  the  site  where  the  first  Minyan  was  held  in  Chicago 
on  Yom  Kippur,  1845» 

II  B  2  c 
II  A  1 



The  Sentinel,  Wk.  of  August  20,  1915*  Vols.  19-20,  p.2.  '^^ 

The  Chicago  Professions^.  Men's  Jewish  League,  consisting  of  100  Jewish 
doctors,  dentists  and  druggists,  was  organized  last  week.  The  hody  will 
be  a  unit  of  the  National  Jewish  Congress,  an  organization  which  will 
attempt  to  participate  in  the  peace  conference  of  European  nations  at  the 
close  of  the  war.  Dr.  ^yman  Cohen  is  chairman  of  the  League  and  the  tem- 
porary committee  includes  Dr.  Louis  J.  Pritzker,  Dr.  George  Halperin  and 
Dr.  Henry  Trankel. 

II  Ba  0 

II  A  1 



The  Sentinel.  Vol.  15-16,  Vrk.  of  Oct*  30,  1914,  p.  2.  <P^ 

At  the  Mississippi  River  Valley  Medioal  Association  conference  in  Gin-       \p 
oinnati  last  week,  Dr«  Gustave  Kolesoher  of  the  Michael  Reese  Hospital        r3 
staff  exhibited  four  patients  who  had  been  clinically  cured  of  cancer         ^ 
and  v^ose  cases  at  first  had  been  regarded  as  hopeless*  This  was  the 
first  announcement  of  the  success  of  Dr«  Kolescher's  treatment  made  to 
the  public.  It  is  the  opinion  of  Dr.  G,  L»  Perusse,  superintendent  of 
Michael  Reese*  that  almost  any  case  of  incipient  cancer  ceoi  be  stopped. 


II  B  2  c 
II  ^3 



The  Heforir.  Advocate.   Vol.    38,  ?/k.    of  Aug.   2r?,   I309.  p.3f.  % 

Chicago  Is   to  have  an  institution  for  medical  research  si^nilar  to  the 
one  founded  in  N.    Y,   hy  Joh^n  D.   Rockefeller.      The  nev/  institute   is  the       ^^ 
gift   of  Mrs.    Kelson  Morris  and  the    sun  of  $250,000,   which  is  needed  for 
the  erection  and  complete  furnishings  of  the  hospital,   has  heen  donated 
"by  as  a  me^iorial  to  her  hushand.      It  V7ill  he  knov/n  as  the  Nelson  Mor- 
ris Memorial  Institute  of  Medical  Research  and  will  "be  connected  rith  the 
Michael  Reese  Hosriital. 

The  plans  for  the  nev  "building.,   which  are  heing  drawn  ty  Richard  S.    Schmidt, 

will  he   rer.d^^  for  Mrs.   Morris'    inspection  the  latter  part   of  Sept.     Work 

will  hegin  as  soon  as  these  plajns  are  approved.      It   is  hoped  the  Institute 

will  he  ready  for  occupency  hy  next  Spring. 

The  buildings  will  he  constructed  according  to  the  ideas  of  Dr.  Jairies  W. 
Johling,  chief  pathologist  of  Michael  Reese  Hospital  endi  iintil  recently 
pathologist  at  the  Rockefeller  Institute. 

■^^^W:^-^^:^The   Sentlnelt  Volumes  15-16;  Week  of  October  9,  1914^  Page  Z.    ^  ^^,^1 


^e  Zeta  Mu  Phi  Ifedioal  Fraternltyt  whioh  is  how  meeting  at  the  Hebrew  In-  ^ 
8titute«ha8  recently  affiliated  with  the  AlejAi  Tod  He  Fraternity*  The  former^ 

Wi^-^^'^^^'-'^^^^^^G^^^^^   in  Chicago  about  six  years  agOf  aUd  now  has  chapters  in  all  the 

leading  medical  colleges  of  the  country •  Its  aim  is  the  stimulation  of  intere^ 
in  the  solution  of  Jewish  problems  among  medical  students  euid  physicians^^  #^ 

-i»  r    > 

2.^   .  -■*>'. 

^6  '  ■  ■ 



t)cy^-"'.' .: 


v..-  ■   '.  ■ 

V  The  local  chapter  of  the  Zeta  Mu  Phi  is  now  working  on  a  proposition  to  amal- 
gamate all  the  Jewish  fraternitiest  medical  and  non-medicaly  in  the  world* 
J  According  to  Dr«  Max  Kerny  originator  of  the  idea,  the  purpose  of  the  more-  i 
r  ment  is  to  form  one  strong  federation  with  a  common  object^^the  elevation 
;  of  the  standard  of  Jewish  students* 

Plans  are  now  on  foot  for  the  publication  of  a  magjizine  to  be  known  as  the 
Zeta  Mu  Phi  Heralds  which  is  to  be  strictly  Jewish  in  nature* 


X  >:■ 

Mong  the  leaders  in  the  federation  movement,  in  addition  to  Dr#  Eernt  cu*e 
Dr«  Benjamin  H.  Breakstone  and  Carroll  A*  Teller*    >    "'  ^ 




*:;  *  -^;-:?'-':.  ■;  ?  -••--v>: 

,V'  .■'<^S-v*'rv.?-  ..  -  /.  ■■■■■■'     .-■-.■:   ■■■:    ■   r  ■••^  *  '^   •  ■-  ^.  .    '-I.  .   ■  >;:i   ...V  ..••*.•■.  •  r  •■  .,  ■  *     '      T        '-  \v'  '"■''■    "~  ■  '  •'^■'  ..-z  •   -  ;  - -^  ..'V /^^r-- 

'  v'^:^^::-:.^-.  '...;-;^-;^'  ■  :^-^^'-\^.  ;-^--  ^  :  .c^: . .  ..^':  "---V--  .■/•-:.-:(■  :..";•--•.•.  ■:-.:-;.-.^;  .■  :..--:j::r-.;-  ^' .  ■ -::r::v/i.;^;;^ 

?  v>:T.-r^._   ^;,; 

II  B  2   c 



The  Reform  Advocate,  \^.  of   Dec.   2,    1893*  p. 256* 

The  Jdwish  Culture  Association  of  Chicago   is  the  name  of  a  new  organiza-    ^ 
tion  for  the  purpose  of  promoting  a  better  knowledge  of  Jewish  history  and  lit- 
erature*     The  Association  meets  every  Monday  evening  at  the  B^nai  Abraham  Tern- 

t       Vs. 

'■>%    ,r;,   '■ 

1<      r 

'   ^..r- 



•  ^      " 

*-' ' 



'  ^^..^*- 


|ft...<r"'  ^S^-:-^-^..   V^^■■4^^■ 

'■-     .    .it-' 





,  »..■?. 

i  V 



>*^     ^^* 


B.  Avocational  and  Intellectiial 
Z.  Intellectual 
d.  Publications 
(1)  Newspapers 


'i-    !"5 



<!»•  nr  ■,  ■■,    ■j'-xfc.  ^•■-- -  .^Mjrr.ifci!*.. 

? j^iii?^  f«?- 



II  B  2  d  CU  JSWISH'^^ 

The  Reform  Advocrte,  September  12,  1  ^1.  Vol.  ^2,  T5.I53.        ^. 


On  Saturday,  Fe"brupry  U,  1911»  The  Sentinel  mPde  itp>  anr»eprrjice  in  Jewish       "^. 
Chicago.   Louis  Berlin  and  Ahrf^haTn  L.  ^e^ber  ?'ere  puhli^^her?.  and  they  promised     ^^. 
a  wee^rly  journal  devoted  to  Je^vish  interest.  On  its  first  ^^ppearance  it  con-     *^ 
tained  the  followin^^  arinouncerient :  "We  intend  to  puhlish  for  an  intelligent 
JeT'ish  public,  a  Jetvish  newsraper  devoted  to  its  interests,  ?rithout  re/rard  to 
the  particul'^r  class  to  v^hich  the  reader  may  helonr^.   In  loroirdsin/T  that  we  shall 
discuss  many  Jerish  questions,  we  Y^^^^   in  mind  that  this  term  is  hroad  enough 
to  include  questions  rela.tin^  to  Jev^s  reformed  and  orthodox,  or  the  Jews,  who 
have  equal  resrect  for  hoth  and  all  classes.   The  fact  remains  that  however 
differentiated  amon^?;  them.selves  they  may  he,  Jews  have  majiy  interests  in  common, 
aJid  the  chief  events  affectin,^  one  class  affect  no  less  the  others," 

II  B  2  d  (1) 


The  Reform  Advocr'te,  September  12,  I93I,  Vol.  82,  p.  152. 

In  the  early  eighties,  Chicago  Jewry  was  hlessed  with  five  puhlicptions  in 
English,  and  one  or  two  in  German,  I'lost  of  them  were  "weeklies,"  "but  "weaklings" 
in  hody  and  spirit.  The  only  two  which  survived  to  the  perioa  v^here  iny  story 
"begins  were  the  Occident  and  the  Israelite  and  soon  the  Occident  too,  passed  into 

The  Occident  went  out  of  existence  quietly  and  no  one  felt  its  loss.  No  o"bituary 
was  written  aJid  no  lamentrtion  was  chajated.   Thus  the  oldest  Jewish  publication 
in  English,  at  the  T>resent  tiir.e,  is  the  Chicp^frp   Israelite,  It  was  founded  in 
188^,  and  was  the  lepp-tirriate  offspring  of  the  American  Israelite,  founded  "by 
Dr,  Isaac  Mayer  Wise  and  originally''  published  in  Cincinnati,  ?or  maJiy  years  the 
publication  was  mensf^ed.   and  edited  'by   Leo  V'ise,  who  wrote  under  the  pseudonym  of 
"Nickerdom,"  and  who  was  the  son  of  Dr,  Isaac  I'ayer  Wise,  A'bout  fifteen  years 
ago,  the  capable  Miss  Iv'ollie  OshermaJi  acquired  owner  shir;  of  the  paper  and  since 
then  has  been  in  managing  editor  and  publisher. 

n  B  2  d  (1) 


II  B  2  d  (3) 

I  E 


The  Heform  Advocate,  June  13,  1931«  ^ 


The  Grrowth  of  Jewish  Chicago. 

Forty-Two  Years'  Recollections*  ?jr  Philip  P*  Bregstone.  "^-^^ 


To  the  uninitiated  it  may  he  surprising  to  learn  that  a  Yiddish  newspaperman 
requires  a  hroader  education  than  r,  newspaper  writer  in  any  other  language. 
He  must  know  Yiddish,  the  language  in  which  he  writes;  tc  have  a  thorough 
knowledge  of  Yiddish  he  must  know  Hehrew,  It  is  essential  that  he  speak  the 
tongue  of  the  country  in  which  he  resides  and  those  of  Russia  and  Poland, 
since  the  heart  of  Jewry  lies  in  those  two  countries.  It  is  therefore  no 
exaggeration  to  say  that  the  average  Yiddish  reporter  is  "by  far  superior  in 
intelligence,  education,  and  general  information,  to  the  average  writer  on  any 
other  newspaper. 

The  anry  of  writers  who  now  wield  the  pen  for  the  two  Chicago  Yiddish  dailies, 
the  Courier  and  the  Forward,  are  all  seasoned  men  who  display  extraordinary 
skill  in  all  departments.  Besides  Zolotkoff ,  Melamed,  and  Loehner,  we  find 




II  E  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEWISH 


11  B  2  d  (3)  a 

I  E 

r  \ 


The  Reform  Advocate,  Jime  I3,  1931» 

on  the  editorial  staff  of  the  Courier,  Dr.  A»  M.  Margolin,  who  for  the  past    \^ 
twenty-three  years  has  been  demonstrating  his  ability  in  every  field  of  journal—f^^ 
istic  and  literary  endeavor.  He  abandoned  a  medical  career  that  he  might  take   ^^ 
to  the  pen.   Dr.  Margolin  was  bom  in  Bobruisk,  province  of  Minsk  Russia,  on 
May  5t  ISSU*  He  comes  of  a  family  where  wealth,  culture,  and  Jewish  scholar- 
ship abide  in  close  harmony.  After  he  completed  a  general  course  of  Jewish 
education  in  a  Cheder  and  Yeshivath,  at  the  age  of  sixteen,  he  wandered  out  to 
Plotzk.  There  he  made  his  home  with  a  relative,  A.  J.  Papirna,  one  of  the 
first  neo-Hebraic  publicists  and  critics.  P^irna  prepared  Margolin  for  the 
seventh  class  gymnasium.  In  May  1905t  he  graduated  with  honors.  His  inten- 
tions were  to  enter  the  University  of  Warsaw  and  major  in  mathematics,  but  the 
political  disturbances  of  the  students  at  that  particular  period  caused  him 
to  change  his  mind  and  instead  he  entered  the  medical  school  of  the  Berlin 
University.  Pour  years  later  he  commenced  the  practice  of  medicine  and  for 
two  years  he  was  house  doctor  in  the  clinic  of  Dr.  Schwarts,  in  Karlsbad. 
In  191^*  he  came  to  London,  England,  and  for  three  months  he  was  connected  with 
a  German  hospital,  until  the  outbreak  of  the  war.  His  experience  as  a  Russian 
subject  residing  in  England  and  being  a  conscientious  objector  as  a  matter  of 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  3  -  .TEWISH 

III  G  -a 

II  B  2  d  (3)  :^ 

I  E  ■:: 

The  Reform  Advocate ^  June  I3,   1931» 

-  k 

principle  is  very  interesting.   His  lot  was  thrown  together  with  men  of  the   ^ 
type  of  Tchicherin,  now  Minister  of  Foreign  Affairs  for  the  Soviet  Government, 
hut  then  a  political  refugee  in  London,  In  1917»  Dr.  Margolin  was  arrested  a 
on  charges  of  preaching  pacifism,  but  a  week  later  wa.s  discharged  and  he  emi- 
grated to  New  York;  six  months  after  his  arrival  in  New  York,  in  Octoher  of  the 
seme  year,  he  cajne  to  Chicago  to  join  the  editorial  staff  of  the  Courier  where 
he  has  heen  ever  since,  Dr,  Margolin  "began  his  first  endeavor  in  the  field  of 
journalism  in  1903f  hy  contributing  to  Hebrew  and  Hussian  publications.  His 
first  Yiddish  attempts  appeared  in  the  Warsaw  Yolkszeitung  of  the  same  year. 
Since  then  he  has  contributed  to  almost  every  leading  Yiddish  newspaper  and 
magazine  published  in  Europe,  He  translated  Henrj^  Bernstein^  s  drama,  "Samson" 
from  French  into  Yiddish,  He  writes  well  in  every  branch  of  journalism  and 
literature;  essays  on  social,  political,  moral,  and  esthetic  subjects,  humor, 
poetry,  and  historical  sketches,  but  his  principal  field  is  criticism  and  re- 
views of  the  drama.  In  1911»  he  married  Clara  Bleichman,  a  well-known  dramatic 
star  on  the  Yiddish  stage.  Besides  the  daily  articles  in  the  Courier,  and  his 
work  as  Chicago  correspondent  for  the  New  York  Day,  he  is  engaged  in  gathering 
material  for  a  history  of  the  Yiddish  Theater  and  I  know  no  writer  who  is  as 
fit  for  the  task  as  Dr,  Margolin,  His  review  of  a  Yiddish  drama  reminds  one 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  U  •  JEWISH 


II  B  2  d  (3) 
I  E 

The  Reform  Advocate,  June  I3,  1931# 

of  a  review  by  James  Gi"bleous  Honeker  of  one  of  Ibsen's  dramas.  He  is  all  em- 

Solomon  Greenblau  has  been  on  the  Cour i e r  staff  for  the  past  twelve  years.  He 
was  born  in  I876,  in  a  small  town  in  Lithuania.  He  attended  Cheder  and  later 
graduated  from  the  City  Normal  School  of  Jacobstadt,  Courland.  He  prepared 
himself  for  the  Gymnasium  and  successfully  passed  the  entrance  examination, 
but  was  refused  admittance  because  of  the  "numerus  clausus."  He  went  to  War- 
saw and  became  a  bookkeeper  and  later  engaged  in  business  for  himself.   In 
I90U,  he  emigrated  to  London  and  for  the  first  time  tried  his  hand  at  journal- 
ism. He  worked  on  several  London  Yiddish  newspapers.   In  1909*  he  came  to 
Chicago  and  began  to  write  for  the  Yiddishe  Prebse|  the  daily  published  by 
Liebling.   Shortly  afterwards  he  became  city  editor  of  the  Jewish  Labor  World; 
when  this  publication  merged  with  the  Jewish  Forward,  Greenblau  joined  the 
staff  of  the  Jewish  Courier.  He  writes  in  an  essayistic  style  and  has  pro- 
duced many  short  stories,  monographs  of  historic  men  and  women  and  biographi- 
cal sketches  of  many  literary  characters. 

Morris  Indritz  is  one  of  the  younger  writers.  He  was  born  July  I5,  IS90,  in 
Courland,  Hussia,  now  the  Republic  of  Latvia.  He  descended  from  a  Chassidic 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  5  -  JEWISH 


II  B  2  d  (3) 
I  E 


The  Refor-n  Advocate,  June  I3,  193-'-*  C 


family  and  it  is  obvious  from  his  writings  that  he  journeyed  to  the  '•Rahhi^  on  G 
many  occasions,  in  the  company  of  his  father,  Naphtoly  Indritz,  when  Morris  was \^, 
still  a  youngster.   The  mystic  soul  wliich  comes  to  him  as  a  heritage,  has  ah-   "^^ 
sorhed  the  spirit  of  modernism,  "blending  harmoniously  into  a  marvelous  "background 
for  his  fluent  and  docile  pen.   His  daily  stories  of  Chassidic  life  which  ap- 
pear in  the  Courier,  and  the  interesting  voltune  which  he  had  published  some 
four  years  ago,  under  the  title  "In  the  Tents  of  H.  B.  D,"  in  which  he  gathered 
the  many  legends  and  stories  woven  ahout  the  lives  of  the  "Miracle  Makers"  are 
told  in  a  splendid  style,  with  a  fine  ima^nation,  sincere  sympathy,  and  much 
gusto.  These  stories  find  a  large  and  appreciative  reading  public. 

The  finest  work  tendered  by  Kalmen  Marmor  in  the  literary  field  was  done  while 
he  was  a  resident  of  Chicago,  for  here  he  was  removed  from  the  New  York  "Kibbit- 
zarnies,"  the  influence  of  which  was  hardly  conducive  to  the  best  results  of  a 
genius  of  his  type.  Marmor  is  a  man  of  vast  learning  and  great  erudition;  an 
independent  thinker,  a  dreamer  of  the  highest  type,  possessing  a  rare  imagina- 
tion and  a  keen  vision  which  penetrates  the  veiled  vistas  and  above  all,  he 
knows  how  to  give  expression  to  his  thoughts  and  phrases  them  in  a  most  delight- 
ful manner.  When  Marmor  first  came  .to  this  country,  Yehoash,  the  Yiddish  poet, 
dedicated  a  poem  to  him.  I^  appreciation  for  the  poet  and  for  the  subject  of 
his  inspiration  gave  me  sufficient  courage  to  attempt  to  translate  the  poem. 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  6  -  JEWISH 

III  a 

II  B  2  d  (3) 
I  E 

The  Reform  Advocate,  June  I3,  1931« 

from  Yiddish  into  English.  The  title  of  the  poem  is  "Dream  on,  Friendl" 

The  comMnation  of  a  scholarly  and  philosophical  mind  coupled  with  a  fine  poetic 
vision  is  a  rarity  in  the  world's  literature*  Manror  is  the  happy  possesr.or  of 
"both;  he  is  a  thinker  and  a  poet.  His  greatest  fault  is  that  he  is  too  often 
carried  away  "by  lofty  ideals  and  becomes  the  propagandist  and  thus  ceases  to  "be 
the  artist,  for  the  one  is  incompatible  with  the  other. 

The  editorial  staff  of  the  Forward  is  composed  of  Jacob  Siegel,  city  editor; 
Morris  Ziskind,  labor  editor;  and  Jonas  %)ivak,  Dr.  Z.  Lorber,  M.  Bogdansl^, 
Morris  Tolchin,  and  Samuel  Samd,  who  are  all  feature  writers,  and  each  in  his 
own  masterly  way.  The  opportunities  for  a  writer  on  the  Forward,  are  more 
limited  than  are  those  of  the  Courier.  The  latter  is  regarded  as  being  ex- 
tremely conservative  in  its  editorial  policy  and  caters  to  the  most  orthodox 
elements  in  Jewry,  but  every  writer  of  the  staff  enjoys  the  fullest  freedom  to 
write  on  any  subject  he  deems  proper  and  in  any  manner  that  pleases  him  best. 
The  Forward  is  ostensibly  a  Socialist  publication  and  as  such  is  presumed  to 
be  radical  in  its  tendencies,  and  progressive  in  its  policies,  but  its  writers 
are  denied  the  freedom  granted  to  the  members  of  the  staff  of  the  Courier. 
They  are  strictly  disciplined  and  are  forced  to  follow  a  certain  policy,  any 

II  B  2  d   (1)  -  7  -  tTEfflSH 


II   B  2  d  (3) 
I  E 

The  Reform  Advocate.  June  13,  I93I. 

«2  «: 




deviation  from  which  meets  with  severe  disapproval*   This  policy  is  highly- 
Justified  for  two  reasons:   A  newspaper  representing  certain  party  principles, 
a  philosophy  of  life  and  all  that  concerns  the  adjustment  of  a  social  order  and 
an  economic  system  must  he  uniform;  it  can  tolerate  no  contradictions  or  vari- 
ance of  opinions.  The  second  reason  for  the  necessity  of  uniformity  and  dis- 
cipline is  that  the  main  office  of  every  Yiddish  Forward  in  the  United  States 
is  in  New  York  and  there  is  one  editor-in-chief  over  all  of  them,  in  the  per- 
son of  Ah#  Cahn,  whose  stainp  must  be  home  on  every  paper.  No  one  excepting 
himself  is  permitted  to  review  a  book,  a  drama,  or  a  work  of  art.   It  is  obvious 
therefore  that  the  members  of  the  staff  must  content  themselves  with  cramping 
limitations  and  restrictions.   They  are  deprived  of  the  opportunity  to  develop 
individuality,  the  foundation  on  which  alone  all  art  is  built.  And  yet  the 
staff  of  the  Forward  is  composed  of  a  group  of  writers,  all  of  whom  are  highly 
talented  and  a  few  endowed  with  even  more  than  that.   Zislcind,  Siegel,  and  Samd 
display  a  great  capacity  for  real  newspaper  work  and  would  be  extremely  useful 
on  any  daily  American  paper. 

Jonas  Spivak  possesses  not  only  a  fine  talent  for  journalism,  but  he  also  mas- 
ters a  splendid  literary  style  and  is  blessed  with  a  fine  imagination.  A 
volume  from  his  pen,  containing  some  very  delightful  and  original  sketches  of 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  S  -  JEWISH 


II  B  2  d  (3) 
I  E 

The  Reform  Advocate,  June  13«  1931» 

Chassidic  life  is  soon  to  come  off  the  press.  Knowing  how  vividly  and  with 
what  poetic  realism  he  portrays  a  sul^ject;  and  having  "been  privileged  to  have 
read  some  of  the  stories  from  his  manuscrir)t,  I  am  sure  that  this  volume  will 
find  a  great  market  among  the  readers  of  Yiddish. 

Dr.  Z.  Lorher  is  an  essayist;  he  presents  his  subjects  on  ethics,  social  science, 
and  political  econoqy  in  a  smooth  flexible  manner,  easy  to  digest  and  compre- 
hensive, not  too  heavily  overloaded  with  foreign  words  and  phrases,  as  is  usual- 
ly the  custom  with  those  writers  who  try   to  overawe  their  readers  with  their 
knowledge  and  erudition.   He  lays  no  great  claims  and  makes  no  pretenses;  he  de- 
livers all  he  undertakes  to  give  to  his  readers. 

M.  Bogdansky  may  he  placed  in  the  same  category;  he  too  writes  in  pn  essayistic 
style,  hut  often  tries  his  hand  in  a  lighter  vein,  not  without  success. 

Morris  Tolchim  is  one  of  the  younger  writers  and  very  modern  in  style.  His 
mind  runs  towards  all  the  novelle;  the  short  story  would  he  his  real  field.  He 
loiows  how  to  tell  a  story  effectively  and  his  tales  are  very  realistic  in  form 
Slid,   substance.  All  in  all  they  are  an  able  set  of  young  men  and  every  one  of 
them  is  a  '^social  Socialist." 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

The  Reform  Advocate,  Febniary  21,  1931.  Vol.  81,  p.77»       "? 

Leon  Zolotkoff ,  who  was  arnong  the  first  Yiddish  journalists  in  America,  is 
also  widely  regarded  as  one  of  its  most  eminent  ones.   Out  of  the  forty-three 
years  which  hf.  has  spent  in  this  land,  he  hss  given  at  least  forty  to  Chicago, 
The  Courier  was  not  the  only  medium  through  which  he  emitted  the  hrilliput 
sparks  of  his  intellect.  He  was  responsible  for  bringing  many  other  Yiddish 
dailies  and  weeklies  into  being:   The  Yiddish  Tageblatt,  Die  Yiddishe  G-azetten 
vun  die  West,  Per  Yiddisher  Call,  and  the  Jewish  Record,  Of  all  these  publica- 
tions, Zolotkoff  was  the  first  editor.  Throughout  his  journalistic  career  he 
pursued  the  sajne  policy  which  is  characterized  by  a  strong  devotion  to  Jev/ish 
nationalism,  a  tendency  to  guide  his  readers  to?;ards  the  higher  and  finer  as- 
pects of  life,  and  a  tone  of  dignity  v^xi^^   distinction.   If  we  are  to  accept  the 
American  standard  of  journalism,  Zolotkoff  might  not  be  caJled  a  journalist. 
His  style  is  too  fine  and  delicate,  his  imagination  too  strong,  his  humor  too 
subtle,  his  metaphors  are  too  nicely  colored,  there  is  too  much  flourish  to  his 
sentences,  the  whole  is  too  finely  polished,  in  short  it  is  much  too  literary 
to  be  determined  journalism.   If  I  were  to  make  comparisons,  I  can  think  of  no 
other  stylist  than  Lord  Macaulay,  with  whom  to  liken  Zolotkoff,  the  only  differ- 
ence being  that  the  latter  perhaps  gives  less  attention  to  polish  and  is  not 

1  »- 


II  E  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JSWISH 



The  Reform  Advocate,  Petruary  21,  1931,  Vol.  ^1,  p. 77. 

quite  as  perfect  a.s  the  Englishman,  Besides,  Zolotkoff  is  less  the  artist 
and  more  the  idea.list.   He  is  no  space-filler,  he  writes  only  when  he  has 
something  of  importance  to  say,  with  the  result  that  he  produces  a  composi- 
tion whose  meaning  is  unmistakably  definite,  complete,  and  incisive. 

"  "  "II- B  2  d  (1) 
II  D  1 


«— :!■   -i.'- 

Hie  Jewish  Charitia«  Minutes^  February  5,  1931 •         ^ 



At  the  meeting  of  the  Executive  Connittee  of  the  United  Drive,  James  H*   '^ 
Becker  presented  a  few  facts  with  respect  to  the  Jewish  Telegraphic  Agency*    )j^ 

-  .V 

The  Agency  was  organized  10  years  ago  and  consists  of  two  distinct  organi- 
zations, 1}  The  Jewish  Daily  Bulletin,  published  in  this  country  and  probably  ' 
the  best  news  medium  for  Jewish  news  from  all  parts  of  the  world*  2)  The  Agency 
itself,  which  functions  somewhat  like  the  Associated  Press  in  this  country,  the 
Reuter  Agency  in  England  and  the  Havas  Agency  in  France*  It  has  representatives 
gathering  news  in  all  important  Jewish  centers  and  sells  it  to  newspaper  services 
in  this  emd  other  countries*  In  this  manner  it  obtains  about  half  of  its  expenses* 


The  Agency  started  the  year  1931  with  a  deficit  of  $30,000*  Together  with 
its  1931  needs  is  will  be  obliged  to  raise  over  $100,000*  The  Agency  obtains 
money  from  individuals  and  from  several  community  chests*  Mr*  Rosenwald  gives 
$10,000  a  year  and  the  Schiff  and  Warburg  families  $25,000* 

^:^.  .;  vCr'  \:.'> 

Page  2 

II  B  2  d  (1) 


II  D  1 


The  Jewish  Charities  Minutes^  Feb.  5,  1931« 

The  Agency  is  a  powerful  instrument  for  the  Jews.  This  has  been  exempli-! 
fied  by  the  situation  in  Rumania  during  the  past  few  years.  During  the  Palesti"- 
nian  riots  in  1929  it  was  of  great  service  to  Jewry  in  spreading  quickly  the  ^\ 
actual  facts.  - 

There  is  a  particular  need  for  the  news  service  of  the  Agency  at  the  present 
time  with  anti-Semitism  becoming  so  strong  in  Germany.  The  American  Jewish 
Committee  made  a  careful  investigation  of  the  conduct  of  the  Agency,  gave  it  its 
unqualified  endorsement  and  stated  that  it  was  being  efficiently  conducted* 

These  facts  on  the  J.  T.  A.  were  followed  by  considerable  discussion  by  mem- 
bers present. 

Mr.  Davis  remarked  that  the  Reuter  and  Havas  Agencies  were  subsidized  by 
their  governments.  Although  the  Jews  have  no  government ,  they  must  have  their 
news  service.  The  fine  standard  set  up  by  the  Agency  is  seen  from  the  fact  that 

Page  3 

n  B  2  d  (1) 


II  D  1 

The  Jewish  Charities  Minutes,   Feb#   5,   1931 • 
the  Associated  Press  accepts,  without  qualifications,    its  news  items* 



Mr.  Kline  stated  that  the  work  of  the  Agency  was  more  important  now  than  - 
ever  before  with  the  anti-Saaitic  agitation  in  Germany  as  well  as  in  several  of 
the  eastern  European  countries •  If  Germany  becomes  definitely  anti-Semitic  it 
will  affect  unfavorably,  Jewry  throughout  the  entire  world*  In  his  opinion  the 
Agency  is  more  necessary,  more  important  than  any  other  request  before  the 
United  Drive  Committee* 

On  a  motion  by  S*  I*  Frank,  seconded  by  Jeunes  Davis,  it  ^ra.s  unanimously 
voted  that  the  sum  of  $7,500  be  appropriated  to  the  J*  T.  A.  for  the  year  1931* 




II  B  2  d  (1) 

The  Reform  Advocate.  Wk.  of  December  lU,  I929.         "^ 

In  ISS7,  a  few  of  the  members  of  the  Dorshe  Sfath  Ever  were  gathered  in 

their  library,  A  young  man  entered  with  the  important  news  that  Chicago  was  \ 

to  have,  at  last,  a  Yiddish  newspaper  of  its  own. 

Peter  Wiemick  was  to  edit  this  daily  paper,  together  with  Leon  Zolotkoff , 
Paris  correspondent  of  the  Rgasky  Evrey  (The  Russian  Jew),  a  Hassian  weekly* 
Mr,  Zolotkoff  arrived  in  Chicago  a  few  days  later,  and  shortly  after  his 
arrival,  the  Daily  Jewish  Courier  was  horn. 

Leon  Zolotkoff • 8  presence  in  Chicago  contributed  much  to  the  spiritual  life 
of  our  Jewish  population.  His  influence  was  great  and  he  became  the  mouth- 
piece of  the  (rhetto  Jews. 

Prom  "The  Growth  of  Jewish  Chicago"  by  Philip  P.  Bregstone. 

II  B  2  d  (l) 


THE  REFORM  ADVOCATS.  Volume  70;  ',Veek  of  January  9,  1926 

Page  704 

The  Chicago  Daily  News   has  been   sold  to  //alter  A,    Strong  for 
$15,000,000.      Among  those   associated  with  Mr*    Strong  in  the  new  ovm- 
ershlp  are  Julius  Rosenwaid  and   several   other  co-religionists* 




II  B  2  d  (1) 
I  E 

The  Daily  Je-..ish  Forv.-urd.  January  1,  1929 • 




TEN  YEaRS   of  the  FCR^aRD   IN  CHia.GO. 

Ten  years  ago  today  the  Fonv-rd,    came  to  Chicago.     It  v/as   in  the  year  of 
1913,  v/hen  the  members   of  the  Fon-A^rd  Association  grented  the   request 
of   jhe  Chicago  Socialists  and  labor  novementi    to   come   to  Chicago  and 
esti-blish  a   plant  here  and  publish  the   daily  Fjorward,    in  the    same  manner 
and  the   sam.e  form  as  the  Fonvard  is  being  published  in  Hew  York* 

The   first  issue   of  the  Chicago  Fjorv^rd  appeared  January  1,   l/19f   Q-nd  that 
day  was  transformed  into  a   great  folk  celebrw^tion,    ixirticipo.ted  in  not 
only  by  Chicago's  labor  movement,   but  by  all   oisher  Jev/ish  organizations 
to  v/hom  the  Fonv^  rd  \;as   the    great  and  powerful    people's  newspaper,   and 
who  already  for   the   last  twenty  years,   has  been  the  most   significant 
factor  in  their   spiritual   and  cultural   life* 

II  B   2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JgriSH 

I   E  — — 

WPA(iLu.)^HOJ.  30275 

The  Daily 'Jewish  Forv/urd,   January  1,   1929* 

The   coming  of  the  Fonvard  to  Chicago  ten  years  ago  marked  a  nev/  epoch 
in  the   social   life   of  the  Jev/s   in  the  luiddle  'Test* 

Publishing  the  Forvrjrd  in  Chicago  which  is   the    center  point  between  the 
East  and   "est,   it  possible   for   such  Jevvlsh   centers  as  Detroit,  l:il- 
v/aukee,   Cleveland  and   ot«   Louis  to   receive   the   Forward  the    same   day,   with 
all   their  important  local   news  and  occurences  of  the  day. 

Therefore,    this  day  the   tenth  anniversary  of  the  Forward  in  Chicago  is 
a   jubilee  not  only  for  Chicago,  but  for  the  Jewish  masses   in  the  I.Iiddle 
V.'est,   and     especially  organized  labor  in  the  Je\;ish   centers  of  the  "'est. 

And  just  because    of  its   interest  in  the   labor  movement  in  the  various 
parts   of  the     est  and  Liddle    '.'est,    the  Forv/ard  was  inveigled  in  to  in- 
stalling another   plant  in  Chicago  v/ith  a  line   of   special  editions   for 
the  Various  cities  in   che  V.'est*     V.'ith  this   step  the  Fonmrd  had  no  profits 

II  B   2  d   (1) 

I   E 

-  3  - 

The  Daily  Jev/ish  Ponvard.   January  1,    1929, 



in  mind  whatsoever,   as  at  that  time   the  ^''orvruvd  was  too  financidly  strong 
and  pa»7erful,   to  consider  this  undertaking  of  publishing  the  Poniard 

of  increased  income* 

in  Chicago  a   source 

And  v/hat  is  more,   that  time   in  1919 1  wi- s   the  most  unf  vorable   time   for 
such  a  great  undertaking,   this  \ms  a  year  -.fter  the  World  War,   had  ended^ 
The  entire  country  awaited  an  economic  crisis,  which   came    soon  enough  and 
hit  with  such  pov/ers   that  it  \ms   felt  in  1920,   and  1921   -   so,   that  from 
a  natural  business  viev/point,   it  did  not   pay  the  Forward  to  make    such  an 
expensive  move» 

n  B  2  d  (1) 

-  4  - 

I  E 

The  Daily  Jewish  Forv/ard«  January  1,  1929 


WPA  (iLL.)?KGj.:iu2;5 

But  on  this,   depended  the   need  of  serving  in  the  best  mr^nner,   a  great 
part  of  the   labor  movenent  throughout  the   country,   and  the   comrades   of 
New  York  at  that  time  demonstrated  the   true  i::iocialiGtic   spirit.     They 
took  it  for  granted  that   if  Chicago  and    the  Lliddle  '/'est  must  have   the 
Porvvardt    in  order   to   strengthen  the  Jev/ish  labor  movement,    then  there  v/as 
no  question  of  hov/-  much  such  a  move  will   cost#      If  the  Jev/ish  unions  of 
Chica;_,o,   and  the  '.'est,    will   gain,    in  the  'Workmen's  Circle,  will,   by  this 
move,  become   stronger  and  more   powerful,    if  all   the   other  parts   of  the 
Jewish   social   life   in  the    Vest  v/ill    start  blooming,   then  that  alone,   is 
the   greatest  impetus   for   the  Forv.'ard  to  take   this   step* 

At  the   present   celebration   of  the   tenth  anniversary  of  the   Ponmrd   of 
Chicago  we   can  proudly  say  that  the    step  we  took  ten  years  ago  has  pro- 
vided a   great   success  according  to  all   indications* 

II  B   2  d  (1)  -  5  -  Jg-ISH 

I   E 

The  Daily  Jev/lsh  Forward.  January  1,1929.  WPA  (iLl.)  PROJ,  3u2?t 

The  Fonvs'.rd  has   for  the   last  three  years  been  in  their   ovm  beautiful  and 
magnificent  home    that  stands   out  like  u  bright   st:r  in  the  heart  of  Chicago's 
Jevdsh  center.      The  i.achinery   set-jin?^  and  printing  the  Forward  is   the   last 
word  in  modern  presses. 

The   people  engaged   in  all   departments,    fro^  the   girl   at  the    sv/itchboard 
to  the  manager,   are  all    loyal  and  devoted  to  the  ?onv£.rd  and  feel  as 
members   of  one   l^.-.rge   family.      The  home   of  the  Chicago  _?orward  is  in  the 
center  of  all  branches   of  the  Chicago  l<:-.bor  movement  that  are   organically 
connected  with   the   i*'orwc.rd# 

Today,    the   first  day  of  the   new  year,    let  tht  t  be   the  begin;  i  ng  of  a  new 
and  peaceful   life,    let  the  new  year  bring  more   luck  and  peace  into  the 
world  and  a  more    fortunate   life   for   those  v:ho   create  all   the  v/ealth  in 
the   '..orld» 

II  B   2  d  (1) 

I  E 

•  6  - 

The  Daily  Jewish  Forv/sirdt   January  1,    1929 


WFA  (ILj  tm  31.275 

The  nev;  ye^r  shall  awaken,  in  the  workers  of  America,  their  ne^^dy  political 
consciousness  and  lead  then  to  a  great  victory  in  their  strug  le  for  a 
better  life. 

Stronger  and  mi^jhtier  may  become  the  labor  movement  of  -nmerica* 

II  B  2  d  (1)  JEr;iSH 

The  Jewish  Dally  Forward.  April   12,   1928.  \»'PA  (ill.)  :Hii.    102/: 



The  Forv/ard  distributes  a  certain   sum  of  money  each  year  to  workers 
and   charity  institutions* 

The   following  sums  are  distributed  this  year  to  the  follo\7ing  bodies:: 

The  Jewish  Socialist  Alliance  $5Q0 

United  Hebrew  Trades  500 

/:orkmen»s  Circle  Schools  500 

Cook  County  Socialist  Party  350 

Meyer  London  League  300 

II  B   2  d  (1)                                   -  2   .  ^SIISH 

The  Dally  Jev/ish  Fonvard.  April   12,   1928*  WP/i.  /i|^^  -p^      :^^^,-j^ 

United  Charities  $350 

Socialist  ^V omen's  Club  100 

Chicago  Consumptive  Aid  100 

Douglas  Park  Nursery  100 

Daughters  of  Zion  Nursery  100 

Chicago  Los  Angeles  Builders  100 

Political  Prisoners  50 

Miscellaneous  k50_ 

Total  $3f500 

II  B  2  d  (l) 
I  E 


For-r-prc,   I'.py  ?,    19 "^7. 

In  honor  of   the  30th  annive-'-sar^,    the  Forvyarc   contrihutes   4^4,000  to   the 
following  hodi^s   in  Chica-o: 

Jewish  Socialist  Alliance  $     900.00 

United  Hebrew  Trar'es  900*00 

TTorkmen's   Circle   Schoolr.  700.00 

Lou-^las  Pprk  -branch  of   the  Alliance  200.00 

Doup-las  Park  Day  ^^no   Nif:ht  I'^ursery  200.00 

Daur^hters  of  Zicn  llur^'.ery,   Ilorth  Side  100.00 

Chicago   Buildin.^  of  Los  An^-eles   Sanitrrium  100.00 

Cook  County  S.   P.  500.00 

Chica^-o   ConsumT)tive  Aid  100.00 

Association  Enerrenc^r  Fund  ?00 . 00 

Total                        ^        ^                   .  $4,000.00 

II  B  2  a  (1)  jH]^nsH 

I  E 

Forv/ard.  May  1,  ig*:^?  ^-'M-^!-;  ^i^C..  ;^2;r 

OUH  THI^'^TIETH  Air.l\r£P.SKRY. 

By  Abranam  Cahan,  Editor-in-Chief  of  Forv/ard, 

It  is  thirty  yeers  today  since  a  v^roui?  of  men  and  women,  of  whom  the  writer 
is  one,  founded  the  ForvTard,   The  Forward  was  called  into  beins;  for  a  double 
purpose:   (a)  To  organize  the  Jewish  workers  into  trrde  unions  and  dissemi- 
natG  the  prlriclvles  of  Socic^lisn  ar.on.f:  them,   ("b)  To  act  as  an  educational 
a^^ncy  amon§  the  immigrant  Jev/ish  messes  in  the  broadest  sense  of  the  word, 
and  to  spread  amonp-  them  hi^h  ideals  of  humanity. 

Thirty  yerrs  is  a  long  time  in  the  life  of  an  individual;  yet  it  is  a  very 
short  period  in  the  life  of  a  movement  or  people.   The  Isst  thirty  years 
have  been  uncommonly/  rich  in  stirring  eventi:'.  The  past  decade  will  qo   down 
in  history  as  perhaps  the  !r:Ost  eventful  period  of  all  time.  Politically 
speaking,  and  to  a  large  extent  economically/  as  well,  vast  uphea.Vc^ls  have 
taken  place. 

The  Jewish  immif^rant  from  Rusf^.ia  has  underrone  ^reat  vicif^si  tudes  durin^-  the 
last  three  decades.   The  Forward  h^.s  been  a  livinp,  mirror  of  events  in 

II  B 

2  d 


-  ^  - 

J^I  SH 


WFA  hi::  r-ic   ^,?7t 

'cr--rc,  May  1,  IQ*^?. 

Jewish  life#   It  ha-  remrined  true  to  the  ideals  which  inrpired  its  founders 
a  p;eneration  ago,  "but  it  also  kept  ahrer^st  of  the  rropTesj=  of  event?.  As 
a  consequence  it  hrs  been  ^^rcwin.^*  stron.?:er,  pnd.   more  influential  from  ^^ear 
to  yerr. 

The  founding  of  the  Forward  Wc^s  possible  t?irouf^h  the  self  sacrifice  of 
the  Je^'ish  working  men  a.nd  women  '7ho  ^'^ave  up  their  ba?ik  accounts,  en^af^ement 
rinf:s  en(^    trinkets  end    in  this  way  scraped  tofpther  the  necessary  amount  to 
start  the  paper.   Today  the  Forward  h-  s  a  circulation  of  more  than  300,000 
conies  daily,  devoting  much  of  its  profits  to  the  labor  movement  and  other 
worthy  causes. 

The  Forward  today  is  what  it  a^lways  has  been  -  a  Socialist  orran  and  promo- 
ter of  culture  anon^  the  masses.   Its  principle  and  prorram  are  identical 
with  those  of  the  G-reat  British  Labor  Party.   The  numerous  chan£:es  during 
the  past  d.ecp-,r\e   have  brcur-^ht  nev;  needs  and  problems,  9.n6   the  Forward  has 
been  quick  to  m.eet  them.   Thirty  years  egc   the  Forward  was  a  paper  for  im- 
migrants only.   Today  it  is  read  by  very  mamy  Anerican  citizens,  a  large 

II  B  2  d  (1) 
I  E 

-  r^  - 

J5r.?  I SK 

WPA  (iLL.)  PR^;.:;0275 

Forward,  I'^ay   1,  1927, 

proportion  of  v/hom  £-re  Americanized  in  the  best  senre  of  the  worr'^   Not 
only  the  parents,  hut  their  American  born  children  as  well,  find  in  the 
English  section  of  the  Sunday  Forwarc^  a  much  needed  organ  of  discussion, 
entertainment  and  intellectual  and  literary  interests. 

On  the  occasion  of  the  30th  birthday  of  the  Forward ,  I  extend  her.rty  greet- 
ing's to  all  our  readers. 

II  B  8  d   (1) 



The  Sentinel,   Volumes  69-60;  Yfeek  of  July  3,    1925#     Page  ?• 

There  is  a  new  Jewish  monthly  magazine  being  published  in  Chicago^     It  is 

Q^ll^d  The  Jewish  Youth >   and  it  is  the  official  organ  of  the  Inter-High 
Jewish  Educational* League. 



The  magazine  is  edited  by  Toby  Kurzband  and  is  sponsored  by  E.Harrison 
Chapman  of  the  Jewish  Education  Committee. 


2  d 




Dail'^  J^v;iGh  Courier 

V      i  1.  . 


1.  .  _i_ 





In  the  veaP  5684 

'-'  T  n  r*  ^       "'^ 

.;ian:^;ill,   a    :rsdt  an.^  celebrated    .an,   ca::e  to  Chicago.      j»o:::etir.ies  he,    lil:e 
all    Teat  and   celebrated  non,     'ives  li.":-  a*^'T0V3.1  to  certain  spiritual  thin{;:s. 
In    '^he  saiae  year  o^  n684   since   the   eroatJjDn  cJ?  the   .icrld,   the    ^^Bintel*' 
news-a-^er,   novj  kno-ni  ao  the   ":?ordv;ard ''  A-^o  terns  od  lerision  a^plied  by 
Courier  to  Torv;arcl7,   mado  a  deal     ith  denry  ::^ord  of  the  hind  hno-vn  as 
'•scratch  r'v-  bach  and   I     ill    scr-itch  yours'',     h^^nry  jord  be':an   lo  adve'r-tise 
in  the   "Fordvjard"  and  the   *^7crd';ard"  bG:-an  to   -^at   di:;i  on  the  bach,    ;:icturin^;^ 
hi::i  as   an   innocent  ]a^-.b,    1'^  astra^^  by  bad     en. 

Jcish     ublic   o_:inion  in  .LMerica  b'^carie  aroused  and  shar;)    protests  be;"au  to 
be  ezoressed^st   a  Jevrish  ne-vs-ca-^er  mad.iii;^  a  deal  v;ith  the   leader  of 


II  I 


Daily  Je-.;isli  Courier,    Jan.    '^0,    19*34 

international  anti-oemitisr:.      ?he  ''Ford-.-vard'*   f-^:lt  it..^elf  to  bo   in  a  predica- 
ment,     jliat  excuse  coulO   it  ■•ive   for  its  crlv.inal  act — cocialisi..,   love  of 
humanity,    proletarian  moral,    class  stru     le,   Je.;isli  honor? 

Tlie  situation  v/as  bad.      Tho   *'l^ordv;ard''  coulu  neither  ad:. .it  th  it   it  v;as  ivrong 
nor   joulJ    it    "ive  up   the  recei;^t  of  the  fat  ?ord  checks,      Tae   ;..on  connected 
v.'ith  the    "Fordv.-ard"  had  an   ins;iration:    "ot   the  a-)  r-;val  of  a  --reat  nan. 
If  a   celebrated  Je-;    ;ould   say  that   it  was     ler-issiule  to   take  ads   froi-.i  Ford, 
then  everythin?-  woulr.   be   all  ri  :ht.      'Jliis  idea,   hoi/ever,   had  one  serious 
drav/bach:   all  the  leaders  of  yuuerican  Jev-rry  stron  ly  condeiined   the  Ford- 
''Fordvrard"  deal.      It  v.-s,    therefore,   necessary  t"     :et  the  a  )^-roval  of  a 
::reat  non-.^:ericari  Je^;.      Israel^-.'7ill»3  arriv::'!   in  Chica;::o   looked   to  the 
•'?ord.:ard"  lihe  an  o"^- -ortunity  r^ent   frcn  heaven.      Zan -^vill  is  a  celebrated 
Je-.ish  leader,    a    ;cod   Je;:,    a  _:ionist,   and   a  nationalist.      Ilis  a-oroval  ..ould 
carrv  v;ci  lit. 





.1  :>.. 

13   2   ^■- 

.1.  ^^li'ord.jard'  h\:nt   for  -'^ig  v;an  be:;an  as   soon  as  li?  arriv^x!   i::-  Chica;o,      'Jhe 
"?:;rdvj,Lrd"  :.aited  to     et  lAn  into   its  office;    tl.oy  v;antecl  to  explain  every- 
thin^:  to  him,    -et  a   state  ;ent   fro:;i  hi'::,  r.ioncpolize  him,   arran  -e  lectures 
for  hin.      L^ie   schene  v;as  a   sir^^^le  one.       .;an^"v;ill   is   a  stran^":3r   ia  ii:;erica. 
Z'e  is   a  friend  of  tao  Jov.'ish   .'j6o-le*      It   ..ouid  not   be  'iifficult   for  the 
"Fordward"^  to  monopolize  hi].-;.      The  "Jordv.ard"  boys,   jiov;ever,   nade  their 
plans  v;ithout  c.:  ^-^.iderin':     hat  the  boss  had  to  say  about  theip.,    and    tl^e  bos 
in  this  case  v/as  J.   Loebner. 

J,    Loebner  disa  r)eared  fro.ii  the   ..orld   for   ten  days  and  becarae  a   shadov;;   he 


si.adov;ed  jjaa^-.'Jill.      .,herever  Isi'ael  .ian^^vill  -.ent,   Loebner  ..ent,      "Jhe.   days 
in  Chica  .0    .;ere  dark  and  cold,      """he  s!:y  loohed  lihe  a  :reat,    rray  sack. 
People  could  not   ifia   ine  w'lat  the   sun  loohed  lih.e.      In  those  days,    Lanyv;ill, 
the    '.^oet,    believed  that   the   sun  v;as    shining  in  Chica  o  because  in  front  of 
him  and   behind  him,    there  ./as  a  shadovj.     This    shadovj  ;^:as  non  ^  other  than 
our  J.   Loebner  v;ho  deer.ied   it  Viz  duty  to    .:revent  an  honest  man  from  bein^^ 


II  3  2   d    (1)  -  4  -  '      J  ;..T3II 

II  B  3  g 

IV  Dail?,'  Jev.-ish  Courier.^,    J-an.    '"^0,   1924. 


"..liat  do  you  thinl:  of  a  Jev'ish  nevjs^xi^.er, "  asked  J,   Lo  ?bner  of  I.r*    Zang^vjill, 
^'v;hich  acceuts  advertise/'ents   from  Tenry  'ii^'ord  ana     ato  the  anoi-.>e..:itic 
leader   jn  the  bachV"     Jiaia-y./ill  did  not  even  ta!:e  t-..o  ^^econds*    thoudit  before 
r:ivin,:  hie  opinion:      ''Such  a  ne-.-Js reaper   is  a  blackcuard.^'     In  this  v;ay,    the 
Je-./ish  press  in  ;derica  iin/.ediately  found  out  .vhat  :.Ir.   .:ia:a^p*/ill  thought 
about  "ohe   "Fordvrard^*. 

Triis,    03''    .he  v.-ay,   ha'v-^-enec!   before  the    "^ordviard'^  'en  had- a   chiance  to  ask 
•JT.  ./ill   for  an  approval  of  their  policy,      lut  ^'seudosocialist  brethren, 
hov/ever,    did  not  lose  heart.      ..'ell,    they,    if  ..e  cannot  pet  '..r.    Zanpv:ill 
to    'ive   us  his   apr;roval,    let  us,    at  least,    sho..    tiie  ;;orld    -/n^t  he   is  a  pood 
friend     of  ours,      ives  lectures  for  us,   attends  our  banraets,    ;-articipates   in 
our  uiiiertahings,    in  short,    treats  us  as  represeiitat  *.ves   od    ^he  people. 


II  B  2  d  (1)  -  5  -  JE7/ISH 

II  B  2  g 

IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Jan*  20,  1924 • 

Suddenly  there  sprang  up  in  Chicago  a  great  many  Jewish  culture  societies, 
culture  learues,  culture  associations,  and  women^s  culture  associations. 
One  would  think  that  Chicago  v;as  swiiiuning  in  an  ocean  of  Jewish  culture. 
All  of  these  culture  associations,  cult 'ore  leagues,  and  culture  societies, 
bombarded  Mr.  Zang^Afill  with  invitations:  **Speak  to  us,  lecture  before  us; 
here  is  a  check  for  five  hundred  dollars,  a  thousand  dollars.  V/e  will 

give  you  as  much  as  you  want^  only ^     Israel  Zangwill  invariably  replied, 

'•Sure,  speak  to  my  friend,  llr.  Loebner  of  the  Courier.  He  arranges  every- 
thing for  me.'* 

J.  Loebner  did  arrange  /eYevythin^.     He  arranged  a  lecture  at  the  Hebrew 
Institute,  at  the  Covenant  Club,  and  so  on.  He  arranged  them  quietly, 
without  any  fuss,  v/ithout  any   committees.  The  culture  leagues,  culture 
associations,  and  culture  societies,  which  are  all  run  by  and  for  the 
'•Fordward,"  had  to  apply  to  iir.  Loebner  if  they  wanted  Ivlr.  Zangv/ill  to 
lecture  to  them.  Mr.  Loebner,  who  had  to  protect  the  interests  of  a  great 

II   B  3  d   (1) 
II  B  2  s 

-   6   - 

man  and  to  see  that  iiis  nane  v/as  not  besmirched,  e::olainsd  the  .;hole  situa- 
tion to  I  jr.  .janr-will,  and  our  .Teat  ::uest  v/as  ^Tatoful  to  the  ^ood  Je;;  for 
Lis  advice. 

'^hxoy  ran  around 
'xz  '•.a'."::^e  thoy  v;culd  succeed    In  reachin^: 

Our  riseudo3ociali::ts   evi  "onced   si.'-.ns  of   ":reat  actix''it7. 
tovjn,    arguin;;,   yellin-;,    •  o^in;;:  that  -.ayb 
'  r,     iaa2:-ill,    even  for  fi-'e     inutes,    ::o   that  '-"^^  '^'=* 
coul'''  bra^:  that  hr.     ;an';^*7ill  h  a  vioita  .   ito  orric-~: 
to   it,  and  so  on. 

r*j  ^  ^         ^   \-    ^^ 

Jj  L-  --  'sX  .  <  -Jl  J.    VJ. 

hir.    '.anr:v;ill  close  to  the   ''jord.vard''  oC^fice    osverai   tL-ies.     .'  e  ".;as  at 
the  Palace  '[^isater,    he  vi-:ited  t^-e   offic?.  of    >l:e  Courier,   he  visited  relative; 
n  the   ..est    iido,    but  he  aid  not  visit  the  office  of  the   ''Pord:;; 

Tliere- was  a  tense  ..loment   .vhen  h.r.   .:an^:;ill  found  uinself  surrounded   oy  the 
•'Fordv;ard"  boys  vdiil3  he  -.vas   at  'llic!::an's  l-alace   Theater.      It   seo-~ed   as 

II  Z-  2   d    (1) 

II   D  3  - 

-   7    - 

Dailv  JovjiLjli  Courier, 


thou;:h  tLere  -^as  no   v:ay   for  hi:::  to   escct^e,     "^ov  coul^  lie,     Aiew  he  ^7as 
surrounded  or.      all   sides?     There  ---^  a   joyous  Ojarkle  in   the    eyes  of  our 
[DseuhoG^cialirh^s.     rj.t  last  I      ouhoenly,    J.   hoebner  a^.e^red,    :^^rabbed 
hr,    ^an^^.:ill   by  the  arr,:,    -^:xl  the'^  both  left   for  .j?.   IcOsenvvald's  residence, 
in  .  r.    hcsenv/ald' s  biy,  car.      c:ur   nseudosocialists  felt  lihe  cryiny/ 
han:7:;ill  v.ithin  five  yards  of  their  office  and  the^^  ^  id  not  succeed 
in    -ettiny  hi:.:  to   enter  it. 

Riyht  after  this    event,   olano  for  lectures   in  thif-.  or   that  auditoriur:, 
beyan  to  be  surr.itted   to  .  r.     ■ianyv;ill.      _eoyle  tri::jd  to  c:nvince  hin.  that 
he  -.ould   earn  a  fortune  froia  tlie  loct'U?os    ^hich  the  Tiseudosocialisbs   ;  ould 
arran_e  f  r  him.      Jo  all  yroyos.ils,   ha  invariably  r^olied,    ''-iure,    yo  ^^Md 
2Q'^  ::y  friend,   T.'r,    Loebner.*' 

I  have  never  a:^he-     J.   Loebner   ;;hether    ^he   ;3eud03..^cialists  ever  sav;  hiri, 
and  r^  I'j  he  .lade  to  thein,     yov;ever,    i:'  they  did  see  hi.:;,    I  can  inagine 

2    d    (1) 


O       V.J..    .^-^ 

~,   9 


-  ■■  ^  ■■,■■■■  II 


oiirier,   Jan.   wO,   19.'34, 

the  l:in:l  of  a  re  ;l3^  '  e  v':ul:2    'ive  thein,   -^n:;   I   can  "i^a 'irie   ths   innu.,ei'able 
curses  he  received,      he  ha:i   cijne,   ho.:ever,    a  ^:jo.'    -^i-^ce   of  v^orl:.     he  he-:t 
V.T.    .jan'T.;ill  l'ro:;i    ^etti:!^  a  ':u'/   bath,    he  Ghov;cd  hinnoif  to    '-^.ossecs  the 
talents  of  a  detective,   ancl  he   prev    ited  the  "  eeudosocialist  co2iirades 
from  la:y''in':-  h'rDC.s  UT^on  Israel  han-v.ill.     He  deGervea  the  thanks   of  th.e 
corufiunity  and  of  Israel— vill  for  his   .;ork« 

II  B  2  d  (1) 



Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Jan*  9,  1924. 

/m.  mimiY  ford^s  ads/ 


Dr#  3,  M*  Lie  lamed 

Henry  ?ord  has  committed  many  political  blunders  in  his  life,  but  the  greatest 
blunder  that  he  cor.imitted  was  his  attempt  to  bribe  the  Jev/ish  press  in  iimerica 

by  offering  it  large  advertisements,  and  by  believing  that  the  "Ford-V/ard"  /name  :S 

applied  by  Courier  to  Forward  because  latter  printed  Ford^s  ads/,  the  only  ^ 

Jewish  nev/spaper  that  printed  his  advertisements  had  any  influence  upon  Jewish  ^ 

life  in  America.  He  does  not  Imow  that  the  ^Tord-V/ard^  has  no  more  influence  ^ 

than  any  other  rag  which  prints  filthy  literature  and  arouses  the  lowest  gg 
instincts  of  the  masses.  People  read  the  "Ford-li7ard"  just  as  they  read  the  2 
Chicago  Star,  a  pomogi*aphic  sheet  which  reports  scandalous  stories  that  no  '^ 
decent  newspaper  would  print.  The  'Tord-V/ard"  would  go  out  of  business  v/ithin  t3 
forty-eight  hours  if  it  ceased  its  pornographic  activity.  People  do  not  take  ^ 
the  opinion  of  the  *Tord-V/ard'*  seriously,  just  as  they  do  not  take  the  opinion 
of  the  Chicago  Star  seriously.  A  ^v;e 11- informed"  man  like  Mr.  Ford  should  have 

II  B  2  d   (1)  -  2  -  TSillSE 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Jan.   9,  1924, 

knov/n  that  his  advertisement  in  the  'Tord-V/ard"  did  him  more  harm  than  good. 


II  B  2  d   (1)  JanSH 

I  S 

IV  Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  Jan.   6,   1924. 



Dr.   S.  M.  Melamed 

The  yellow  ♦♦Ford-7/ard''  has  at  last  broken  its  silence.  It  spoke  up  yesterday 
and  it  spoke  in  a  manner  that  was  to  be  expected  from  it.  It  claimed  that 
about  two  years  ago,  the  Courier  printed  an  ad  of  Ford's  and  it  wondered  why 
the  Courier  was  raising  such  a  fuss  now.  The  '♦Ford- Jard**  to  prove  its 
contention,  printed  a  two-line  ad  which  a  Chicago  Jew,  who  had  a  few  Fords 
to  sell,  had  placed  in  the  Courier  last  y^ear  and  for  which  he  paid  a  few 
dollars.   The  '*Ford-V/ard'*  calls  this  a  Ford  advertisement.  The  yellow 
journalists  know  that  this  contention  is  ridiculous  but  they  could  not  remain 
silent  any  longer.  The  readers  had  begun  to  ask  questions  and  since  they 
could  not  answer  those  questions,  they  did  what  the  rich  thief  in  a  certaiji 
story  did.   *Vhen  the  judge  asked  him  why  he  had  stolen  the  watch,  the  thief 
replied:   •^.Vhy  shouldn't  I  have  a  right  to  wear  a  v;atch?  Don't  you  wear  a 

II  B  2  d   (1)  -  2  -  JMISH 

I  E 

IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier,   Jan.   6,   1924. 


A  Ford  ad  is  an  ad  that  Henry  Ford  places  in  a  newspaper  and  for  which  he 
pays  with  a  Ford  checks  //hen  a  Jew  advertises  that  he  has  an  old  Ford  for 
sale,  it  is  a  Jewish  ad,  and  a  Jewish  newspaper  may  print  a  Jewish  ad. 
The  ♦'Ford-'.Vard**  is  the  only  Jewish  newspaper  in  America  which  gets  Ford 
checks — all  in  the  name  of  socialism,  in  the  name  of  the  Jewish  workers,  S 
in  the  name  of  trade  union  principles.  Ford  will  not  permit  any  unions  in  ^^ 
his  factories,  and,  logically,  a  Socialist  newspaper  should  not  accept  any  y 
advertisements  from  him,  but  the  Judaism  of  the  '♦Ford-VJard*'  is  worth  as 
much  as  its  love  of  truth,  and  its  love  of  truth  is  worth  as  much  as  the 
education  of  its  editors  and  managers. 


II  B  2  d    (1)  J]j:t.7ISH 

II  D  10 

I  E  Daily  Jewish  Courier,   Jan.   4,   1924. 




Dr.  S.  K.  Melamed 

The  '^Ford-Ward''  Editor's  note:  Name  given  by  Courier  to  Forward  because 
latter  prints  Henry  Ford*s  ads/"  to  celebrate  its  fifth  anniversary,  distri- 
buted three  thousand  dollars  to  "charity**.  Included  in  that  amount  is  five 
hundred  dollars  for  the  Gewerkschaften  /Tewish  labor  union^,  which  means 
the  "Ford- Ward ** ;  five  hundred  dollars  for  the  iorkraen's  Circle,  which  means 
the  **Ford- Ward ** ;  five  hundred  dollars  for  the  Socialist  party,  which  means 
the  »*Ford-i/^ard**;  two  hundred  fifty  dollars  for  the  Cook  County  Socialist 
party,  which  means  the  ^^Ford-Z/ard**;  all  these  organizations  support  the 
**Ford-irVard**  by  their  advertisements.  Giving  money  to  them  means  taking 
money  from  one  pocket  and  putting  it  into  another.  There  are  in  Chicago  a 
great  many  philanthropic  and  cultural  institutions,  such  as  the  Marks  Nathan 
Orphan  Home,  Home  For  The  Aged,  the  inmates  of  which  are,  for  the  most  part, 



II  B  2  d    (1)  -  2  -  JEVflSH 

II  D  10 

I  E  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Jan.  4,   1924. 


poor  Jews;  in  the  majority  of  cases,  they  are  former  workers  or 
orphans  of  Jewish  workers.  The  ^Ford-V/ard"  did  not  even  give  them  one 
cent«  There  is  in  Chicago  a  Hebrew  Theological  College,  where  three  hundred 
sons  of  poor  Jewish  psirents,  who  are  in  most  cases  workers,  are  studying. 
The  *»Ford-rf'/ard**  did  not  give  them  one  cent.  There  are  in  Chicago  many  Jewish 
Talmud  Torsihs,  which  are  all  attended  by  children  of  poor  Jewish  workers.  The 
"Ford-i//ard**  did  not  give  them  one  cent.  The  recipients  of  its  charities  are 
the  Gewerkschaften,  which  means  the  '*Ford-lVard'^;  the  Socialist  party,  which 
means  the  ^Ford-Ward^;  tte  //orkmen^s  Circle,  which  means  the  **Ford-iVard*»; 
the  "Ford-A'ard**  believes  that  charity  begins  at  home.  There  is  in  Chicago 
an  organization  called  Bread  To  The  Hungry,  whieb  feeds  the  hungry;  there  is 
the  H.  I.  A.  S.  ^ebrew  Immigrant  Aid  Society,  which  helps  the  destitute 
immigrant.  The  ♦»Ford-7/ard^  has  not  a  cent  for  them  but  it  donates  money  to 
the  Socialist  party  of  Chicago  and  of  Cook  County,  which  will  use  the  money 
to  advertise  in  the  *»Ford-Ward."  The  ♦'Ford-.Vard^  thus  gives  charity  to 



II  B  2  d   (1)  -  3  -  JE^SH 

II  D  10 

I  E  Daily  Jewish  Courier.  Jan,  4,  1924. 


itself  and  it  bluffs  the  neople  into  believing  that  it  gives  charity 
to  the  poor  auid  helpless.  Henry  Ford  also  gives  such  charity. 





II  B  2  d   (1) 

I  C 

IT  Daily  JevJish  Courier,   Jan.   3,   1924. 


"FCRD-VjARD"  bosses  laugh  at  TR£   JE./S; 


OF  ISRASL'S  ENililY  ^ 

The  ^Bintel''  /Editor's  note:  term  of  derision  applied  by  Courier  to  Forward/  ^ 
nev;spaper  continues  to  print  the  advertisements  of  Israel's  enemy,  Henry  Ford,  g 
in  spite  of  the  criticism  of  the  Jewish  press,  in  spite  of  uhe  protests  of 
rabbis  and  community  workers,  in  spite  of  Dublic  opinion.  The  "Ford-V/ard** 
^ditor'^note:  Term  aoplied  by  Courier  to  Forward  because  latter  prints 
Henry  Ford's  ads/  laughs  at  everybody.  It  has  sold  itself  to  the  anti-Semite 
from  Detroit  and  it  serves  him  faithfully. 

The  ''Ford-V/ard''  says,  to  justify  its  scandalous  conduct,  that  Israel  Zangwill 
•oold  its  representative  that  ^a  Jewish  uaper  may  print  Ford's  advertisements". 
It  adds,  in  Zangwill 's  name,  that  "the  Forv^^ard  should  donate  the  income  from 
Ford's  advertisements  to  propaganda  against  Ford." 


II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JSVaSK 

I  C 

IV  Daily  JeivlsJa  Courier,  Jan.  15,  1924p 

This  is  v/hat  Mr#  Zangwill  actually  said  to  two  Courier  representatives  who 

visitea  Jiim  at  the   iiome  of  Llr»  Julius  Rosenwald,  vmere  lie  is  staying.  In 

an  interview  with  him,  he  saia:  ^^Ivlany  people  have  sought  to  bring  me  and 

Henry  Ford  together  Tor  a  conversation,  but  I  refused  to  see  nim  because 

this  enemy  of  Israel  and  his  servants  are  capable  or  reporting  tnat  I  have 

said,  Ck)d  knows  v/hat,  sometning  in  their  ravor.  I  have  rerused  to  see  IT 

Kenry  Ford  out  or  respect  ror  myself,  out  of  respect  ror  the  Jews  of  .jnerlca     ^^^ 

and  tne  entire  v/orla,  waom  he  has  oesmircnea  and  against  whom  ne  has  spread      I? 

the  worst  calumnies #•*  -^ 

VJhen  the  representative  of  the  Courier  asked  llr.  Zangv/ill  wnat  he  thought  of 

the  Forwarg  which  advertises  Ford's  products,  the  celebrated  Jew  and  writer 
replied:  '♦Its  name  should  not  be  Forward  but  **Ford-V/ard^.  ;^en  a  newspaper 
prints  on  one  page — ^which  is  a  fact  to  be  lamented — an  advertisement  of  a 
product  made  by  an  eneiay  of  Israel,  and  does  not,  on  anotner  page,  fight  the 
insinuations  of  the  advertiser  against  our  sisters  and  brothers,  then  that 



■  _  ♦ 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  5  -  Jg//ISH 

I  C 

IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Jan.  3,  1924. 

paper  is  a  renegade •" 

However,  it  is  no  use  to  demand  justice  and  fairness  from  the  '^Ford-V/ard^. 
VJhen  one  spits  in  its  face,  it  says  that  it  is  raining.  One  points  to  a 
disgraceful  act  it  has  committed,  and  it  raises  the  cry,  ♦'they  want  to  breaik 
the  labor  movement". 

The  bosses  of  the  ♦♦Ford-V/ard*'  want  money,  and  for  money  they  have  sold  their 
columns  to  the  enemy  of  Israel,  who  seeks  to  iindemiine  the  existence  of 
all  the  Jews  and  who  printed  the  following,  among  other  things,  in  his 
Dearoorn  Independent; 

**The  Jewish  trade  unions  are  exclusively  Jewish  because  the  trades  are  exclu- 
sively Jewish.  This  means  that  the  Jeivish  trade  unions  cannot  be  considered 
American  trade  unions.  Neither  are  they  mixed  trade  unions.  They  are  Jewish. 
The  aim  of  those  trade  unions  is,  as  in  all  other  Jewish  activities,  to  help 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  4  -  JEVJISH 

I  C  

IV  Daily  Jewish  Coiirier,  Jan.  3,  1924. 

Jewish  interests.  Those  unions  are  a  part  of  a  united  Israel," 

The  "Ford-7/ard*^  works  hand  in  glove  v;ith  an  enemy  of  Israel  at  the  expense 
of  the  workers  and  the  trades  whom  it  claims  to  defend,  and  at  the  expense 
of  the  Jews  whose  language  it  speaks  and  from  whom  it  derives  its  profits. 

This  is  the  proper  place  to  ask  a  few  questions.  If  Henry  Ford  is  not  as 
bad  as  people  think  he  is,  why  should  not  the  '♦Ford-.Vard^*  bosses,  if  they 
are  what  they  claim  to  be — Jews — persuade  their  new  bosom  friend  to  stop 
spreading  calumnies  against  our  sisters  and  brothers?  VJhy  do  not  the  ^Ford- 
Ward**  bosses,  who  claim  that  they  are  union  men,  try  to  influence  l^Ir.  Ford  to 
unionize  his  shops  and  factories,  where  the  word  "iinion**  must  not  be  mentioned? 
Why  are  the  bosses  of  the  "Ford-V/ard"  profiteers? 



y  ■        II  B  2  d  (1) 
I  D  1  a 
I  D  2  a  (3) 


WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30275 
The  Forward «  Deoember  30,  1923, 


Uorrls  Zlsklnd. 

In  celebrating  the  fifth  anniversary  of  the  Porwardt  it  will  not  be  amiss 
of  the  difficulties  encountered  in  attempting  to  induce  the  Comrades  of  the 
New  York  Forward  Association,  to  establish  a  daily  periodical  in  Chicago 
with  its  own  printing  plant*  and  with  expenses  amounting  to  ^200,000. 

The  Jewish  socialists  and  t rade  unionists  of  Chicago,  always  strived  to  pos- 
sess a  daily  working  paper  in  Chicago,  and  it  was  always  their  hope  that  the 
New  York  Forward  would  publish  a  paper  in  Chicago* 

The  writer  has  at  hand,  a  copy  of  a  letter  which  Comrade  Sam  Grolden,  secretary 
of  the  board  of  directors  of  the  Jewish  Labor  ViTorld,  had  sent  to  the  Forward 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -2-  JEWISH 

Ife'(3)  '■•■''*  WU  PROJ.  3s,7i 

The  Forward,  December  30,  19 2Z. 

Association  in  New  York,  demanding, on  behalf  of  all  Jewish  Trade  Unions, 
Workmen's  Circle,  branches,  and  the  Socialist  branches,  the  establishment 
of  the  Forward  in  Chicago  as  a  daily  newspaper* 

That  was  on  October  20,1914,  more  than  nine  years  ago#  At  that  time,  a 
conference  was  already  organized  to  collect  money  for  publishing  a  daily 
newspaper  in  lieu  of  the  weekly  Jewish  Labor  ^Torld» 

The  Comrades  of  New  York  were,  however,  at  that  time,  unable  to  undertake 
such  a  difficult  task,  and  they  did  not  accept  our  proposal* 

In  1916f  we  began  anew  our  transactions  with  the  Forward  Association  of 
New  York,  and  Comrade  Held,  manager  at  that  time  of  the  Forward,  came  to 
Chicago,  and  at  a  conference  of  delegates  from  all  parts  of  our  movement, 
promised  that  we  would  have  our  own  daily  newspaper,  if  onlsrthe  technical  side 
of  the  issue  will  be  met  to  the  satisfaction  of  the  Forward  Association* 


II  B  2  d  (1)  -3-  JE^nSH 

I  D  1  a 

^  ^  ^  ""  ^'^  WFA(iLL)^ROJ.  30276 

The  Porvmrd^  December  30,  1923 • 

Our  hopeSf  however,  were  In  vain,  due  to  certain  impediments  that  barred  the 
publication  of  the  Forward  in  ChicBgo*  The  Socialist  movement  of  Chicago 
was  unwilling  to  wait,  and  wet  ourselves,  undertook  to  publish  a  daily  paper. 
The  ■Vorld«  which  existed  for  one  year  and  nine  month s« 

The  first  number  of  the  Forward  appeared  January  1,  1919,  in  Chicago,  and 
our  movement  was  liberated  from  the  burden  of  supporting  a  daily  periodical* 

Who  brought  the  Forward  to  Chicago  and  why?  The  answer  let-  The  Jewish 
organized  labor  movement,  the  trade  unions,  the  Worlcmen*s  Circle  and  the 
Socialist  branches  influenced  the  Forward  to  establish  itself  in  Chicago, 
to  serve  the  movement* 

Together  with  the  general  labor  movement,  which  had  undergone  a  crisis  in  the 
first  few  years  after  the  war,  the  Jewish  organized  movement  had  also  suf- 
fered very  much* 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -4-  JEfflSH 

I  D  1  a 

I  D  2  a  (3) 

The  Forward.  December  30.  1923.      ^'^^  ^^^  FROJ.  30275 

The  eoonomio  crisis  oompallad  several  large  anions  to  accept  a  reduction  in 
wages  and  a  few  small  unions  were  weakejiedt  due  to  the  chaos  that  prevailed 
during  the  first  few  years  after  the  war*  Howevert  most  of  the  unions  sur- 
vived and  determined  to  continue  their  serviceSy  to  obtain  higher  wages  and 
other  improvements  in  labor  condition* 

For  the  past  five  years^  we  have  seen  how  the  men's  clothing  workers  of 
Chicago  have  enlarged  their  union  from  seven  thousand  to  thirty  five  thou- 
sand memberSt  and  built  an  organization  which  surpasses  that  of  all  other 
cities  of  America,  and  despite  the  fact  that  the  greatest  percentage  of  mem- 
bers are  not  Jewish  workers,  the  Jewish  members  are  the  most  aggressive  and 
active  in  the  organization* 

The  struggle  to  organize  the  clothing  workers  on  as  great  a  scale  as  they 
are  now,  was  not  a  very  easy  task* 

II  B  2  d  (1) -  -5-  JEWISH  ' 

I  D  1  a 

I  D  2  a  (3)  WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30276 

The  Forwards  December  30,  1923# 

The  Clothing  Uanufaoturers  fought  bitterly  against  the  Amalgamated  Clothing 
Workers  Union  and*  against  the  leaders*  They  applied  severe  agitational 
methods  to  divide  the  workers  in  the  shop* 

During  the  first  few  months  of  the  Forward's  appearance  in  ChicagOf  the 
greatest  clothing  manufacturers  (with  the  exception  of  Harte,  Schaffner 
and  llax)«  carried  on  propaganda  in  the  shops  against  the  Jewish  union  leaders, 
among  the  gentile  workers*  They  attempted  to  organize  company  unions,  pro- 
mising the  workers  prosperity,  and  representation  by  committees  to  deal  with 
the  management*  Kuppenheimer,  Alfredf  Decker  and  Cohen,  Charles  Kaufman  and 
Brothers,  and  several  others  mutually  agreed  and  contrived  several  panaceas 
to  bar  the  Amalgamated  from  organising  the  workers*  This^  however,  did  not 
help  them* 

A  great  number  of  workers  were  already  members  in  the  Amalgamated,  and  they 
declared  a  strike  in  their  shops « 

II  B  2  d  (1) 



D  1  a 
D  3  a 



WPA  (ILL)  ^ROJ.  33276 

The  Porvrardt  December  30,  1923 • 

Throughout  that  strike,  the  manufacturers  applied  methods  which  Indicated 
to  what  extremes  the  bosses  will  go  to  bring  the  workers  under  their  yoke 
and  control*  One  of  the  large  concerns  sent  a  letter  to  its  employees  which 
reads*  in  partst  as  follows:- 

"Do  you  know  that  the  orgenization  to  which  you  belong  is  being  controlled  by 
Ru8si«tn  Jews?  (The  firm  is  Jewish*)  That's  why  Hart,  Schaffner  and  Max 
signed  an  agreement  with  the  Amalgamated*  Ten  percent  of  the  workers  were 
Jews,  the  other  ninety  percent  were  of  different  religions*  But  now,  ninety 
percent  of  the  workers  at  Hart,  Sohaffner  and  UaXf  are  Russian  Jews*  If 
you  do  not  believe  this,  see  the  names  on  the  committees. 

"The  Amalgamated  Clothing  Workers,  is  a  scab  organlzationf  the  letter  reads 
ont  and  Is  not  recognized  by  the  American  Federation  of  Labor*  Do  you  know 
that  there  is  no  money  in  their  treasury?  That  their  treasury  is  in  such 
condition  that  Hillman  avoided  any  strikes  until  after  May  1? 


II   B  2  d   (1)  -7-  ^  JEV/ISH 

I   D  1  a 

I  D  2  a  .(3)  ^VPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30775 

The  Forward,   December  30,    1923 • 

*Noir  answer  the  follo¥rlng  questions:-  Do  you  want  to  work  In  a  shop  that 
is  being  controlled  by  Russian  Jews? 

■Why  am  I  on  strike? 

"How  much  have  I   lost  by  the  strike? 


•What  will  I  gain  by  it? 

•What  protection  can  the  Amalgamated  offer  me?* 

This  is  only  a  part  of  the  letter  that  the  large  Jewish  firms  distributed 
to  thousands  of  its  now  Jewish  employee s« 

The  Forward,  in  that  struggle  between  the  employers  and  employees,  as  well 
as  in  all  others  struggles  involving  other  workers,  supported  the  workers 
with  everything  possible. 

II  B  "2  d  (1) 

I  D  1  a 

I  D  2  a  (3) 



WPA  (ILL,)  PRO  I.  mi. 

The  Forwards  December  30,  1923. 

The  influence  that  the  Forward  exerted  at  that  time  evidenced  by  a  letter 
B.  Kuppenheimer  and  Company  sent  to  the  Forward  Uarch  26^   1919,  stating 
that  they  have  not  settled  with  the  union  and  that  they  will  always,  as  be- 
fore, conduct  open  shops  and  will  deal  with  the  workers  individually  and 
not  as  an  organized  body* 

The  result  of  the  struggle  which  the  Clothing  Manufacturers  carried  on  in 

1919 ♦their  anti-semetic  propaganda (they,  themselves,  being  Jews  who 

played  the  role  of  philantropists),  their  injunctions t  their  golden  promises 
for  profits  and  dividends  in  the  business,  was  unsuccessful*  The  Amalga- 
mated Clothing  Workers  triumphed  and  the  Forward  contributed  its  share  in 
the  struggle,  as  it  does  with  every  working  class  struggle* 

The  same  is  seen  when  we  relate  the  history  of  the  Cloak  Makers  Union  in 
Chicago,  which  had  undergone  in  the  past  few  years  strikes  and  struggles 
to  improve  their  conditions^ 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -9-  JEWISH 

I  D  2  a  (3)  ^^^^  (iLL)PR0J.3Q275 

The  Forward,  December  30,  1923# 

In  1919,  the  oloak  makers  were  successful  in  introducing  week  work  in  the  in- 
dustry* Two  years  later,  in  1921,  the  Cloak  Manufacturers  wanted  to  nullify 
their  victory,  by  installingt   aneWf  piece  workt  hut  the  cloak  makers  de- 
fended the  gained  position!  emd  did  not  permit  the  resumption  of  piece  work* 

In  thiSf  as  in  all  other  events  of  the  cloak  makerSf  the  Forward  served  as 
the  organ  and  defender  of  the  workers  of  the  women's  garment  industry* 

The  Jewish  unions  of  the  building  trades,  the  carpenters  and  painters,  have 
undergone  a  great  strugglet  which  has  required  many  sacrif ice8» and  expend- 
iture of  much  energy  and  money*  The  well  known  open-shop  citizens  com- 
mitteCf  which  was  organized  with  the  support  of  the  enemies  of  organized  labort 
applied  all  methods  that  money  could  buy  to  force  open  shop  conditions  on 
the  carpenters  and  painters* 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

I  D  1  a 

I  D  2  a  (3) 



WFA  (ILL)  PRfJ  3G27b 

The  Forward t  December  30,  192Z. 

To  the  credit  of  these  two  tradeSf  the  citizens  committee  did  not  develop 
its  reactionary  plan*  It  is  t  here,  important  to  mention  the  Jewish  bakers, 
the  fur  workers,  the  butchers  and  Shochtimt  (Orthodox  Butchers)  Unions,  the 
Retail  Clerks  Union,  Cap  Uakers  Union,  Amalgamated,  Cigar  Makers  Union, 
Cleaners  and  Dyers  Union,  Shoe  Repair  Uniont  and  the  youngest  Jewish  union, 
the  Waiters  Union. 

All  these  unions  have,  at  various  times  during  the  last  five  years,  struggled 
to  improve  their  conditions,  did  not  permit  reductions  in  their  wages,  up- 
held union  conditions,  and  withstood  attacks  by  their  bosses*  The  Forward 
was  their  place  of  shelter,  and  defence  in  all  these  struggles*  The  Chi- 
cago Forward  has  a  portion  in  all  their  victories  as  one  who  struggled  with 
and  protected  organized  Jewish  Labor  in  Chicago* 

The  United  Hebrew  Trades,  to  whom  the  above  unions  belong,  participated  in 
all  their  activities  and  struggles  which  ocoured  in  the  last  five  years  and 
is  convinced  that  the  great  assistance  of  the  Forward  to  the  unions,  can 
not  be  measured* 

II   B  g  d  (1) 

I  0  1  a 

I  D  2  a  (3) 



WPA  (ILL,)  ^ROJ.  30275 

The  PoiTirard.   December  30,   1923, 

In  oonoluding  this  survey,  we  wish  to  state  that  the  Forward  will  continue 
to  serve  the  Interests  of  the  organized  labor,   as  it  has  served  until  now. 

n  B  2  d  (1)  JBWISH 

Sxmday  Jewish  Courier,  June  3,  1923# 


(Editorial  in  English) 

The  other  day  an  elderly  Jeirish  woman  entered  the  office  of  the  Jewish  Courier 
and  asked  for  the  editor.  With  tears  in  her  eyes  she  pleaded  with  him  not  to     ^ 
be  cruel 9  not  to  be  merciless  to  the  young ^  righteous  and  good-looking  Count 
whose  doom  seemed  to  her  to  be  inevitable*  When  asked  to  explain  her  plead- 
ings ^  she  said  that  she  was  reading  the  serial  story  every  day  with  the 
most  thorotigh  attention,  and  that  she  had  a  heart  full  of  compassion  and 
pity  for  the  victim  of  the  conspiracy  in  this  story  irtio,  by  the  way,  happens 
to  be  a  Count,  and  she  asked  the  editor  not  to  let  the  young,  innocent  man 
die  but  to  be  more  Just  and  to  let  the  conspirators  perish* 

The  appearance  of  the  elderly  woman  before  the  editor  of  this  paper  throws  a 
glaring  light  on  the  relation  of  the  Jewish  reader  to  his  or  her  Jewish  news- 
paper* Ibe  Yiddish  reading  public  especially  has  more  respect  for  the  printed 


II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JMISH 

Sunday  Jawrlsh  Cotirler^  June  3,  1923« 

word  than  any  other  group  of  newspaper  readers  and  the  readers  of  Yiddish 
dailies 9  an  honest  and  unsophisticated  group  of  people  rely  on  the  newspaper 
not  only  for  news  but  also  for  truth  in  the  news  and  believe  what  they  read 
in  the  newspaper*  And  they  read  their  newspaper  in  a  manner  different  from 
other  peoples*  They  read  not  only  headlines  or  certain  categories  of  news^ 
but  they  read  their  newspaper  from  beginning  to  end  and  they  read  it  on  the 
installment  plan—in  the  morning  they  read  the  first  page^  in  the  afternoon^ 
when  they  have  time,  they  read  the  inside  pages,  the  articles  and  the  advertise- 
ments, and  in  the  evening  they  read  the  editorial  comment*  A  reader  of  a 
Yiddish  daily  will  not  throw  his  paper  away  until  he  hcus  read  it  from  beginning 
to  end  and  if  everything  that  is  reported  in  the  papers  does  not  seem  probable 
to  him,  he  will  call  up  the  editor  and  ask  for  explanations*  If  he  disagrees 
with  an  opinion  expressed  in  the  paper,  he  will  come  up  to  the  editor  and  try 
to  argue  the  case  with  him,  or  he  will  express  his  point  of  view  on  the  question   ^ 
in  the  editorial* 

The  relation  of  a  Jew  to  his  paper  is  quite  a  personal  cuid  intimate  one*  He  is 



- — > 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  3  -  JEWISH 

Sunday  Jeirlsh  Courier^  June  3,  1923 • 

Tery  careful  in  the  selection  of  his  paper*  If  he  happens  to  be  a  conservative 
laan,  or  not  radically  inclined,  he  will  never  touch  a  radical  paper  and  he 
expects  his  paper  to  defend  his  point  of  view  and  his  opinion  on  natters  not 
only  political  but  also  theological,  literary  and  social,  artistic,  etc#  He 
does  not  consider  himself  a  mere  reader  of  the  paper  but  a  sort  of  a  shares- 
holder  in  the  paper,  so  much  is  he  obsessed  by  the  idea  of  his  paper.  No 
other  foreign  language  paper  and  no  American  paper  is  so  much  in  touch  with  its    ^ 
readers  as  is  the  Tiddish  paper*  The  Jewish  reader  considers  the  paper  not       ^ 
only  as  the  defender  of  his  views  but  also  as  his  impartial  arbitrator  and  it      ^ 
is  a  daily  occurrence  in  the  #iitorial  office  of  a  Yiddish  daily  that  two  con-     C 
tending  parties  ask  the  publisher  or  the  editor  to  arbitrate  between  them  or       '-i 
call  upon  the  publisher  or  the  editor  to  take  the  initiative  in  certain  communal 
matters  or  to  try  to  solve  certain  comnunal  problems  not  only  by  the  way  of       '- 
defending  a  certain  cause  editorially  but  by  personally  participating  in  a        .^< 
certain  movement,  because  to  the  Yiddish  reader,  the  Yiddish  daily  is  sanctum 
sanctorum  and  the  idea  that  he  buys  a  newspaper  to  read  the  news  in  it  or  to 
read  some  editorial  comment  made  by  a  man  who  can  speak  with  authority  on  a 

II  B  8  d  (1)  -  4  -  JEWISH 

Simday  Jewish  Coiirler^  June  3,  1923. 

certain  subject  Is  strange  to  his  mind*  To  him  the  newspaper  does  not  consist 
of  news  and  editorials  only*  To  him  the  newspaper  Is  an  Institution  of  truth- 
telling,  an  educational  agency  and  an  enlightening  force  and  so  forth*  Every- 
thing printed  In  his  newspaper  Is  true  not  only  as  far  as  normal  truth  goes 
but  Ib  true  also  tram  a  moral  point  of  view*  Ererythlng  that  he  reads  In  the 
paper  he  takes  very  seriously  for  he  relies  on  his  newspaper  not  only  for  a 
description  of  the  world's  history  of  yesterday  but  also  for  moral  and  Intel-     j 
lectual  truth*  ^ 

In  ancient  times,  iiAien  two  Jews  had  a  quarrel  they,  went  to  the  Rabbi  to  settle  ^ 
It*  Today  they  go  to  a  Yiddish  newspaper*  In  shorty  the  Yiddish  newspaper  Is  g 
to  the  Yiddish  reader  not  only  a  news-selling  agency  but  a  great  moral  factor 
and  an  educational  institution* 

One  would  be  surprised  to  learn  how  much  Yiddish  newspaper  readers  know  about 
the  value  of  mercheindise*  An  old-fashioned  Jew  or  Jewess  can  tell  you  exactly 
the  value  of  a  suit,  a  pair  of  shoes,  a  piece  of  furniture,  or  of  women's 



II  B  2  d  (1)  -  5  -  JBtftflSH 

Siinday  Jewrlsh  Coiirler^  June  3,  1923* 

apparel  because  the  /y7  read  the  advertisements  in  the  paper  with  the  same 
attention  and  earnestness  as  they  read  news  and  articles,  and  the  Yiddish 
reading  public  buys  more  than  any  other  group  of  people  in  a  similar  economic 
situation  because  a  Yiddish  newspaper  reader  reads  the  advertising  part  of 
his  paper  very  closely  and  it  is  the  constant  reading  of  the  advertisements 
that  stimulates  his  buying  desires* 

Every  people  read  their  papers  in  their  fashion*  The  i^ericans  are  famous 
for  their  predilection  for  big  headlines,  and  a  great  many  of  them  read  only 
headlines*  The  Germans  are  famous  for  their  predilection  for  magazine 
articles  in  daily  newspapers*  The  French  turn  first  to  the  scandal  column* 
The  Spaniards  turn  first  to  the  religious  column,  but  the  Jews  have  their 
own  way  of  reading  daily  newspapers*  They  read  it  with  the  same  earnestness 
and  the  same  zeal  as  if  the  newspaper  were  not  a  newspaper  but  a  religious 
book*  They  believe  their  paper,  they  trust  it  and  they  consider  it  much  more 
than  a  news-*selling  business* 



II  3  2  d  (1) 
II  B  2  d  (2) 


Sunday  Jewish  Courier >  Llay  27,  1923. 


(Editorial  in  English) 

The  accusation  is  often  riade  a{%ainst  the  Jev;ish  press,  and  especially  against 
the  great  Jeviish   dailies  in  this  country/",  tl^iit  they  are  old-fashioned  and  do      : 
not  compare  favorably  v;itli  the  American  dailies  printed  in  the  English  lanpoiace,   --. 
because  the  Yiddish  dailies  devote  less  attention  to  the  human  side  of  things     '- 
than  the  other  papers  in  the  country.  Many  people  who  read  both  Yiddish  and      "^ 
American  non-Yiddish  dailies  maintain  that  the  former  is  somev;hat  dull  and       o 
altogether  old-f ashionecl ,  for  they  carry  no  social  column,  do  not  publish  stories  .^, 
relating  to  crime  and  divorce  scandals,  and  carry  no  bedroom  stories  and  so      53 
forth.  Instead  the  Yiddish  dailies  publish  articles  of  a  purely  theoretical 
and  intellectual  nature  and  thus  partake  more  of  the  nature  of  magazines  than 
of  newspapers. 

The  facts  as  stated  above  are  true,  but  the  interpretations  placed  upon  them 

II  B  2  d  (1)  .  2  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (2) 

Sxmday  Jewish  Courier,  May  27,  1923# 

are  false*  Every  newspaper  must  reflect  the  mind,  the  sentiments,  and  the 
emotions  of  their  readers,  and  the  Yiddish  dailies  reflect  the  sentiments 
and  the  views  of  the  Yiddish  readers  and  these  readers  are  not  interested  in 
bedroom  stories,  in  crime,  or  in  stories  of  scandal*  They  are  interested  in 
news  and  they  want  their  newspaper  to  be  a  political,  literary,  social, 
economic,  and  religious  world  history  of  yesterday*  That  is  all  they  seek 
in  the  newspaper,  and  therefore  the  Yiddish  dailies  would  only  impose  upon 
their  readers  if  they  were  to  publish  scandal  stories  and  the  like* 


It  must  further  be  borne  in  mind  that  there  are  only  two  Yiddish  monthlies  in  r 
the  country,  both  of  which  are  not  all  too  popular,  either  in  tone  or  in  con-  c^ 
tent,  for  they  publish  more  articles  of  a  purely  theoretical  nature  than  so-  ^ 
called  live-wire  stories.  The  Yiddish  dally,  therefore,  must  serve  a  double  ^' 
purpose,  that  of  a  newspaper  and  that  of  a  magazine,  and  this  explains  why 
the  Yiddish  dailies  are  not  devoted  to  news  only  and  why  they  publish  more 
articles  of  a  purely  theoretical  nature  than  the  average  American  daily*  In 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  3  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (2) 

Sunday  Jewish  Coiirier>  May  27,  1923# 

addition,  many  features  that  make  up  part  of  the  contents  of  an  average 
American  daily,  such  as  the  sporting  section,  the  commercial  page,  the 
fashion  page,  the  society  page,  the  religious  page,  would  have  no  place  what- 
soever in  a  Yiddish  daily,  for  the  man  or  woman  who  is  already  interested 
in  sports  or  in  fashions,  or  in  the  social  side  of  religion,  is  as  a  rule 
a  reader  of  an  American  daily,  and  it  would  only  be  a  duplication  of  effort 
to  publish  such  features  in  the  Yiddish  press*  The  Yiddish  dailies  are  so 
made  up  as  to  serve  the  specific  purposes,  tastes,  and  needs  of  the  ♦— 

Yiddish  reader*  He  wants  to  find  in  his  daily  a  great  deal  of  inter-  ^ 

national  news,  because  he  is  more  interested  in  international  news  than  the      o 
average  American  reader,  for  the  simple  reason  that  he  has  seen  more  of  the 
world  than  the  American  reader;  he  also  wants  to  find  in  his  daily  all  the       ^' 
local,  iiational,  and  international  Jewish  news  available,  and,  in  addition  to 
that,  a  few  articles  of  a  more  theoretical  character.  The  women  folk  are 
interested  in  a  good  serial  story  and  therefore  all  of  the  Yiddish  dailies 
carry  one  or  two  serial  stories,  mostly  of  a  melodramatic  or  popular  character* 
These  and  a  few  other  features,  such  as  an  editorial,  theatrical  and  literary 



II  B  2  d  (1) 

II  B  2  d  (2) 

-  4  -  JEWISH 

Sunday  Jewish  Courier,  May  27,  1923. 

criticism,  and  letters  to  the  editor,  make  up  the  average  Yiddish  daily* 

Taking  the  average  American  daily  as  a  standard,  the  Yiddish  daily  seems  to 
be  old-fashioned,  whereas  in  fact  it  is  not,  because  it  gives  its  readers  all 
they  want  to  find  in  it*  The  standard  of  a  daily  is  the  demand  of  the  reader, 
and  to  give  him  something  other  than  his  demand  or  what  he  has  no  use  for,  is 
merely  a  waste  of  energy  and  an  Imposition  on  him*  If  the  Yiddish  daily  is 
old-fashioned,  then  one  might  say  that  the  French,  English,  or  Italian  dailies 
are  also  old-fashioned  because  they  are  so  fundamentally  different  from  the 
average  American  daily,  yet  no  one  claims  that  they  are  old-fashioned,  because    ^.^ 
they  serve  the  p\irpose  of  their  readers  and  fit  their  taste* 



The  Yiddish  dailies,  with  perhaps  one  exception,  are  a  power  for  good  from  every 
point  of  view,  because  they  do  not  carry  demoralizing  stories  and  instead 
publish  articles  that  must  enrich  the  knowledge  and  widen  the  vision  of  the 

r  ■* 


II  B  2  d  (1)  -  5  •  JSWISH 

II  B  2  d  (2) 

Sunday  Jewish  Courier,  May  27,  1923# 

reader*  In  addition  to  their  being  dally  newspapers,  they  are  also  edu- 
cational agencies,  and  If  this  Is  to  be  called  old-fashioned,  then  we  wish 
that  they  remain  old-fashioned  for  a  long  time  to  come,  since  by  being  so, 
they  continue  to  remain  a  power  for  good* 

r  ^ 



:  II  B  2  d   (1) 


Dally  Jewish  Co\irler>  Apr«   24,  1923 • 


Ito  the  large  staff  of  collaborators  of  the  Courier  has  been  added  another 
colleague  from  New  York« 

The  Courier  has  succeeded  in  engaging  the  services  of  P.  Novak,  who  has  been 
a  prominent  contributor  to  the  Nev;  York  Jewish  press.  Mr.  Novak  has  been  en-    ^ 
gaged  as  a  permanent  collaborator  of  the  Courier  and  will  write  each  day  on 
questions  regarding  everyday  life,  Jewish  and  American  interests,  and  essays. 

Mr.  Novak  is  a  jo\irnalist  with  vast  experience.  He  possesses  a  brilliant  and 
sharp  pen,  and  writes  in  a  simple  but  attractive  Yiddish.  His  engagement  is 
a  great  gain  both  for  us  and  for  the  Jev/ish  readers  of  Chicago  and  environs. 

We  also  wish  to  inform  our  readers  that  a  number  of  improvements  for  the  paper 
are  new  in  the  making.  The  Courier  will  presently  introduce  several  new 

'  II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  jma^ 

Dally  Jewish  Coiirler,  Apr.  24,  1923. 

featuares  each  day  In  order  to  make  the  paper  still  more  interesting  than  be- 
fore. ^ 


In  the  meant ImiB,  we  wish  to  eoinonnce  th^t  a  new  feature  will  begin  Friday,  3? 

i.e.,  the  "Family  Pafee,"  a  page  for  the  Jewish  women,  for  the  Jewish  child,  o 

and  for  the  interests  of  the  Jev/ish  home  in  general,  dis  page  v/ill  be  in-  Lj 

terestlng,  easy  to  read,  attractive,  and  will  deal  with  the  vital  interests  § 

of  the  family;  this  page  v/ill  also  have  a  column  for  children.  ^ 

On  Fridays  we  will  feature  the  "Theater  and  lAisic  Page,**  where  the  most  in- 
teresting and  Important  happenings  of  the  American  Jev/ish  stage,  as  well  as 
of  the  movies,  will  find  an  echo. 

Every  Thursday  we  will  review  everything  that  takes  place  in  the  Jewish  labor 
movement . 

^     II  B  2  d   (1)  JEWISH 

,1V  Daily  Jewish  Courier.  Jan.   26,  1923. 



( Adveirbiseraeut ) 

*^  'Beginning  next  Sunday  the  Courier  will  publish  a  series  of  new  features,  which 
will  be  of  great  interest  to  all  of  our  readers.  A  nev;  column  called  the 
"World  Mirror**  will  be  published  next  Sunday,  and  v;ill  consist  of  the  most 
interesting  and  latest  developments  In  various  fields,  science,  literature,  art, 
theater,  strange  events,  etc.  All  the  members  of  the  staff — Dr.  S.  M.  Melaraed, 
S.  Greenblau,  Dr.  A.  L^rgolin,  J.  Loebner,  M.  Indritz,  L.  Rinegold,  et  al. —     2 
will  contribute  to  the  "Viorld  Mrror".  j±i 



Every  Vfednesday  a  column  called  "From  The  Old  Country"  will  appear.  It  will 
describe  life  in  your  native  tovm  and  viill   report  everything  that  takes  place 
in  Je^vish  centers  abroad. 


II  B  2  d  (1)  JEWISH 

I    I  D  2  a  (2)' 

Dally  Jewish  Forward.  Oct.  7,  1922 • 


The  reactionary  Newspaper,  the  Dally  Jewish/  Courier  again  falsely  accuses  the 
Cloakmaker s •  Union  Jot   Internal  dissensions/.  The  Courier,  however,  received 
a  sharp  and  well-earned  answer  to  Its  lies  from  Comrade  ^.feix  Brodsky,  the 
secretary-treasurer  of  Local  100,  International  Ladies*  Garment  Workers  Union. 
The  answer  speaks  for  Itself.  Brodsky  said:  ^I  deny  all  the  statements  that 
were  published  In  the  Courier  xinder  ray  name.  I  am  absolutely  not  responsible 
for  yesterday's  scribbling  In  that  paper,  In  which  an  attempt  vxas  made  fy^   the   ^J 
Courier/  to  justify  Itself  by  using  my  name.  I  want  to  state  that  whatever  the 
Courier  writes  about  me  is  a  lie. 

"First  of  all,  the  Courier  ^Tanted  to  shov;  that  I  was  a  candidate  for  secretary- 
treasurer  of  the  Joint  Board  on  the  left-wing  ticket.  It  also  atteicpted  to 
prove,  in  a  rather  torturous  manner,  that  two  opposing  groups  can  be  found  in 
the  Joint  Board,  a  left  and  a  right  wing.  I  deny  these  statements.  Further- 
more, the  Courier  stated  that  Schoolman,  and  those  who  supported  Rosen's 
candidacy  for  secretary-treasurer,  compelled  me  to  withdraw  my  candidacy  for 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEIVISH 

I  D  2  a   (2) 

Dally  Jewish  Forward.  Oct.  7,  1922.  ^ 


secretaiy-treasurer  of  the  Joint  Board.  This  is  not  tirue^  The  truth  is  as  c- 

follows:  Brother  Fogel,  manager  of  the  labor  department  of  the  Joint  Board  p 

proposed  that  both  candidates  should  withdraw  in  order  to  avoid  certain  ^ 

misunderstandings.  I  iraraediately  accepted  the  proposal  of  Brother  Fogel  and  o 

resigned.  When  I  was  later  renominated,  I  refused  to  accept  the  nonination.  ^ 

Brother  Rosen,  however,  remained  a  candidate,  and  the  result  was  that  Brother  S 

Conefsky  was  elected.  This  is  the  truth;  not  that  written  by  the  Courier.'^  ^ 

II  B  2  d   (1) 

Daily  Jetvish  Courier^  Aug.  4,  1922. 



by  ^ 

Dr.  S.  M.  Melaitied  ^ 


I  read  in  the  paper  that  they  are  going  to  publish  a  Hebrew  magazine  in  Chicago, 
to  be  called  Barkai  (Morning  Star),  and  that  Mr.  Spector,  a  well-known  Hebrew 
teacher  in  Chicago,  will  be  the  editor-in-chief  and  the  staff  of  the  new  mag-   2 
azine.  And  yet  people  say  that  there  are  no  more  optimistic  and  courageous 
men  in  this  world! 



I,  myself,  am  not  a  pessimist  by  nature,  but  I  would  be  afraid  to  begin  pub- 
lishing a  Hebrew  magazine  in  Chicago,  though  I  am  somewhat  known  to  the  readers 
of  Hebrew  and  I  am  not  entirely  unknown  in  this  city.  I  estimate  that  there 
are  about  two  thousand  people  in  Chicago  who  understand  Hebrew,  and  of  these 
two  thousand  only  about  two  hundred  understand  modem  Hebrew,  and  out  of  these 
two  hundred,  there  are  perhaps  seventy-five  who  would  be  willing  to  spend  a  few 
dollars  a  year  for  a  Hebrew  magazine.  But  even  assuming  that  a  thousand  sub- 
scribers in  Chicago  and  five  hundred  in  the  country  can  be  found  for  the  Hebrew 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JE\fLSE 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Aug.  4,  1922* 

magazine 9  I  still  fail  to  see  how  a  Hebrev/  magazine  can  exist  in  Chicago.  ^ 

This  does  not  mean,  of  course,  that  I  want  to  discourage  my  Hebrew  friends  in  ^ 

Chicago.  On  the  contrary,  I  want  to  assure  them  of  my  co-operation  and  sym-  ^:-' 

pathy.  They  all  know  my  address  in  case  they  ever  need  "copy'*  and  they  know  3 

that  I  will  not  let  them  go  away  empty-handed,  but  I  do  wonder  at  their  courage  2 

and  ambition.  ^ 





?^i.>5-      II  B  2  d  (1) 

^"V^  :;  ■/•■      I  C   . 


forward.  Jtme  5.   1922.  ^^^{\ll)  ??.OLmn 

'  -■  -   7: 

The  Daily  Jewish  Courier  has  only  8,000  circulation.  .  The  following  facts 
have  established  it  beyond  any  doubt. 


:/\    1.  On  Monday  May  15f  we  published  an  affidavit  signed  by  Chas.  Roeske,  •  v 
who  worked  for  the  Courier  for  the  last  nine  years,  and  who  was  in  charge  f 
5^'^'  :  >•  of  the  circulation,  in  the  Jewish  section  of  the  West  Side,  Lawndale  Dis^rf-fll^ 
^;-        trlct,  Albany  Park  and  the  North  Side.  In  that  affidavit,  Chas.  Roeske  # 
'  stated  that  the  net  paid  circulation  of  the  Jewish  Courier  in  March,  1922, 
was  not  more  than  an  average  of  Yt'WO  copies  daily.  He  also  substantiated 
/:   his  statements  by  publishing  copies  of  checks  which  represented  the  col- 
'  lection  for  the  full  circulation  of  which  he  had  charge. 

^"^ '  '-f ' 


2.  The  Courier  answered  in  their  issue  of  May  I6-I7-I8  by  first  showering 
a  torrent  of  abuse  on  the  Forward  and  the  said  Chas.  Eoeske,  and  then  by 
P'^'-::^WSi^'S    cLenying  point-blank  that  Roeske  ever  had  full  charge  of  their  circulation 

p^:J^^^ifv-;vv  in  the  districts  mentioned.  Furthermore,  they  made  a  cut  of  the  signature 



X-  „ 

Page  2 

II  B  2  d  (1) 
I  C 


Forward,  June  5»  1922. 


of  Ohas.  Roeske,  and  above  it  have  set  up  in  type  without  any  notary  puhlic 
seal  or  witnesses,  a  repudiation  purported  to  come  from  Chas.  Roeske,  that 
the  affidavit  he  published  in  the  Forward  was  obtained  through  intimida- 
tion and  threat  of  discharge  by  Mr.  Turavlin,  an  employee  of  the  Forward. 

3#  Mr.  Turavlin  is  suing  the  Courier  for  libel  for  publishing  the  above 
mentioned  false  statement  about  him,  and  the  case  is  now  pending  in  court. 
He  has  witnesses  to  prove  that  the  affidavit  obtained  from  Chas.  Roeske, 
was  given  in  a  voluntary  and  a  legitimate  manner.  Suing  t^e  Courier  for 
libel  proves  beyond  any  doubt  the  authenticity  of  the  Roeske  affidavit. 

U.  On  the  20th  of  May,  we  published  an  open  letter  to  the  Courier,  wherein 
we  made  the  suggestion  that  an  impartial  committee  of  advertisers  should 
be  formed  and  the  Courier  should  open  their  circulation  books  to  them, 
in  order  to  show  their  real  circulation;  or  if  the  Courier  objects  to  a 
committee  of  advertisers,  they  chould  become  a  member  of  the  Audit  Bureau 





•^  \ 

Page  3 

II  B  2  d  (1) 
I  C 


rorward,  June  5,  1922.  WPA  (ILL)  PftOJ.  3027b 

of  Circulation  and  this  "bureau  should  investigate  their  circulation  hooks. 
The  suggestion  was  not  answered, 

5.  On  Sunday  May  21  -  we  pul)li8hed  an  affidavit  signed  "by  Mr.  Ifyman  Gold- 
man in  which  he  states,  that  he  was  working  for  Chas.  Eoeske  for  eleven 
months  in  1920,  doing  the  delivery  of  the  Courier  for  him.  This  affidavit 
corroborates  Eoeske 's  statement,  that  he  had  full  charge  of  the  Courier* s 

6.  On  Monday  May  29 »  we  published  an  affidavit  signed  by  Mr.  Harry  Green- 
berg  in  which  he  states  that  he  also  worked  for  Mr.  Roeske,  doing  the  deliv- 
ery of  the  Courier,  from  December  I92O  to  May  10,  1922,  and  that  he  (Eoeske) 
had  full  charge  of  the  Courier* s  circulation. 

All  the  above  facts,  establish  beyond  any  doubt  that  the  Courier*  s  circula- 
tion in  Chiceigo  is  not  more  that  8,000  daily* 

II  B  2  d   (1) 


Forward,   I^ay  29,    1922.  ^p^  (U)Pm\  }<n?-f 


Another  statement  tho.t  the  Courier  has  no  more  than  about  8,000  circulation  in 

Charles  Roeske,  under  oath,   swore  that  he  ho.d  full  charge  in  the  circulation- 
department  of  the  Courier  in  Chicago,  with  the  exception  of  the  South  Side. 

-»-  ■  I  ^ 

Therefore,  he  knows  that  the  Courier  circulation  in  the  districts  where  he 
was  in  charge,  was  no  more  than  7,400.  The  Courier  denied  that  Mr.  Roeske 
had  charge  of  this  entire  circulation.   Last  week  we  printed  the  affidavit 
of  a  driver,  HyLian  Goldman,  in  wlxich  he  swore  tliat  he  worked  for  Roeske  al- 
most a  year,  delivering  the  Courier.  Today,  we  present  another  affidavit 
of  a  second  driver  who  worked  for  the  sejue  Roeske  about  a  year  and  a  half, 
delivering  the  Courier  after  Goldraan  left.  He  quit  his  job  this  10th  of 

Read  the  following  affidavits 


II  B  2  d   (1) 
I  C 

-  2  - 

Forward^  May  29,    192 2 • 


WPA  Oli.)^m.mi^ 

state  of  Illinois) 
County  of  Ccok  )  SS 

Harry  Greenberg,  being  first  duly  sworn,  on  oath  deposes  and  swears  that 
he  resides  in  the  City  of  Chicago,  and  that  he  is  working  as  a  newspaper 
delivery  driver;   that  he  was  employed  by  Charles  Roeske  to  deliver  the 
Jewish  Daily  Courier  on  the  so-called  Vfest  Side  Route,  comprising  the  vi- 
cinity from  Jefferson  St.  on  the  east  to  Western  Avenue  on  the  west,  and 
from  Madison  Street  to  and  including  14th  Street  on  the  South. 

Affiant  further  states  that  he  remained  in  the  employ  of  the  said  Charles 
Roeske,  doing  the  delivery  of  the  Courier  on  this  route  from  December 
1920  to  March  8,  1922,  and  after  that,  when  Charles  Roeske  left  the 
Courier *s  Service  he  continued  to  do  the  same  work  for  Jake  Lichten, 
who  is  in  charge  of  the  Courier  delivery  now,  up  to  May  10,  1922,  when 
he  resigned* 

II  B  2  d   (1) 
I  C 

-  3  - 

Forward,  May  29,   1922. 


WPA  iU)  PRO!  mm 

Affiant  further  states  that  during  the  time  of  his  employ  by  Charles  Roeske, 
he  has  made  all  accounts  of  oolleoticns  weekly  to  the  said  Charles  Roeske 
and  that  his  pay  for  his  work  he  also  received  from  the  said  Charles  Hoeske, 
and  that  the  seme  is  true  of  the  other  men  who  were  working  on  the  ether 
routes  of  wi-.ich  the  said  Charles  Roeske  has  had  full  charge. 

Affisjit  further  states  that  the  average  copies  of  the  Daily  Jev/ish  Courier 
which  he  distributed  were  2400  daily. 

Further  affiant  sayeth  net. 

Witness t 

IIowBTd  11.   Fox 
Edwin  Alban 

Harry  Greenberg 

Subscribed  and  Sworn  to 
Before  lie,   a  Notary,   this   ISth 
day  of  Kay,   A.D. ,    1922* 

Samuel  Chapnaji, 
Notary  public 


II  B  2  d    (1) 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,   Feb.  17,   1922. 


^^ftrainslator' s  note:     The  Jewish  newspaper  Forward  has  a  daily  coliamn  entitled 
'•Bintel  Brief »»,  a  bundle  of  letters^ 


The  ♦^Bintel**  paper,  vdiich  is  run  by  a  few  boys,  is  very  anxious  to  get  adver-  £7 
tisements  because  experienced  businessmen  advertise  only  in  a  newspaper  which  ^ 
brings  good  results.  The  ^Bintel''  paper  gets  its  advertisements  in  various  2 
ways.  It  begs  for  some,  others  it  gets  by  threats  and  terror,  others  it  co 
obtains  through  Democratic  or  Republican  politicians,  to  \i^om  it  promises 
indirect  support  before  election,  and  others  it  gets  on  the  basis  of  a  per- 
centage proposition.  The  last-mentioned  kind  of  advertisement  it  receives 
from  concerts,  cantors,  balls,  and  theaters.  It  takes  tickets  from  the 
advertiser  in  payment  for  the  advertising.  It  forces  individuals  and  labor 
organizations  to  buy  those  tickets,  eind  thus  it  earns  a  few  cents.  No 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEC[SH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Feb.  17,  1922. 

responsible  newspaper  conducts  its  advertising  business  that  way.  No  private 
newspaper,  no  party  newspaper,  whether  conservative  or  radical,  would  sell 
its  advertising  columns  the  way  the  "Bintel**  newspaper  does. 

Recently,  when  the  Courier  exposed  this  method  of  doing  business  by  the  ''Bintel** 
paper,  the  ''Bintel*'  paper  replied  by  publishing  a  list  of  ^important  firms** 
which  advertise  in  its  pages  and  do  not  advertise  in  the  Courier.  These  firms  r— 
do  not  advertise  in  the  Courier  because  the  Courier  does  not  sell  its  adver-  <^ 
tising  columns  for  small  change.  Moreover,  the  Courier  demands  payment  for  ^ 
its  advertisements  because  advertising  is  a  business  and  because  advertising  ^ 
in  the  Courier  brings  good  results. 




The  "Bintel**  paper,  as  mentioned  above,  published  a  list  of  **important  firms" 
that  advertise  exclusively  in  it.  This  list  can  now  be  augmented  by  the  name 
of  a  new  advertiser  who  advertised  a  certain  product  as  a  **medicine  for 
epilepsy  and  convulsions,  nervous  sickness,  constipation,  headaches,  physical 

■  • .  "> 


II  B  2  d  (1)  -  3  -  TS^aSE 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Feb.  17,  1922. 

weakness-- impotence,'*  a  medicine  that  is  prepared  by  none  other  than  the 
"great  rabbi  Jarachmiel  Gdaliah  Zucker,  of  Brooklyn,  New  York."       .  . 


of  Chicago  and  vicinity: 
Everybody  in  the  United  States  Knows  about 

patent  medicines  for  epilepsy,  convul- 
sions, nervous  sickness,  rheumatism,  and  headaches.  To 
These  medicines  are  registered  in  the  United  States  5^ 
Patent  Office  and  the  Health  Department  of  the 
city  of  New  York.  Many  people  use  this  medicine 
and  all  receive  good  results  from  Rabbi  Zucker* s 
patent  medicine.  We,  therefore,  announce  that 
Rabbi  Zucker  will  remain  in  Chicago  for  an 
indefinite  period,  and  anyone  who  needs  his 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  4  -  JEWISH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier^  Feb,  17,  1922* 

medicine  can  visit  his  office, 
Office  hours  are  from  ten  in  the  morning  until  one 
in  the  afternoon,  and  from  five  to  six  in  the  evening. 

This  is  the  ad  of  the  rabbi's  miracle  medicine.  No  responsible  paper  would  '-s 

print  such  an  advertisement.  The  Courier  rejected  a  contract  for  three  ^ 

hundred  dollars  which  Rabbi  Zucker  sent  in  for  his  advertisement.  The  Courier  if 

did  not  want  to  be  a  party  to  the  sale  of  a  medicine  which  is  of  doubtful  -^ 

value.  Furthermore,  Rabbi  Zucker  is  facing  a  law  case  against  him  in  New  York.  -S 

The  '♦Bintel**  paper,  being  very  eager  to  get  advertisements,  sent  a  representa-   ^ 

tive  to  Rabbi  Zucker  as  soon  as  it  learned  that  he  was  in  town.  The  ''Bintel"   ^ 

paper  obtained  forty-eight  dollars  from  the  rabbi  for  this  advertisement, 

which  it  printed  on  .Wednesday,  featuring  it  with  a  special  heading  so  that 

the  ''comrades*'  would  buy  the  medicine,  and  Rabbi  Zucker  would  have  good  results 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  5  -  JEWISH 

Dally  Jewish  Courier,  Feb*  17,  1922. 

from  his  advertisement.  Thus  he  would  be  induced  to  pay  more  money  to  the 
•'Bint el"  paper  for  printing  his  advertisement. 

Statement  g 

Phones:  Haymarket  8030-8031-8032  ^ 


1128  Blue  Island  Avenue  ::^ 

Chicago,  February  15,  1922.  ^ 

To:  Habbi  Zucker 

1248  South  Kedzie  Avenue, 

To  advertisement.. .$48. 

February  15 
V.  I.  Levinson 



II  B  2  d  (1)  -  6  -  miasE 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Feb,  17,  1922, 

Just  as  the  ••comrades"  refused  to  buy  the  ham  and  pork  which  the  Bintel 
paper  urged  them  to  buy,  so  the  ••comrades'*  refused  to  buy  the  doubtful 
medicine  from  Rabbi  Zucker — and  Rabbi  Zucker  iiow  demands  his  forty-eight 
dollars  back*   ••Bintel  ••  boys,  give  the  rabbi  back  his  money  I 

We  include  in  our  columns  a  photograph  of  the  rabbi's  advertisement  and  a 
photograph  of  the  receipt  for  the  forty-eight  dollars,  which  the  ••Bintel^*  z 
paper  gave  the  rabbit  The  rabbi's  advertisement  suddenly  became  nonkosher  -^ 
on  Thursday  because  the  rabbi  refused  to  pay  another  forty-eight  dollars  ^o 
for  the  advertisement.  ••Bintel'^  boys,  pay  the  rabbi  back  his  moneyl 


II  B  2  d  (1) 

III  B  3  a 

I  H 

Daily  Forward,  Jan.  1,  1922. 


Today  is  the  third  anniverse.ri'^  of  the  Daily  Jev/ish  Forward  in 

The  Forward  has  always  had  a  large  circle  of  readers  and  friends  in 
Chicago*  V/hen  it  was  decided  to  establish  the  Forv/ard  in  Chicago, 
the  Jev/ish  public  accepted  the  new  venture  with  great  pleasure  and 
pride,  and  wished  the  new  publication  continued  success* 

In  the  beginning,  it  was  a  rather  difficult  task  to  est^iblish  the 
Fonvard  firmly* 


-  2  -  javjisHi';  ^•^•^-  cj 

Daily  Forv/ard^  Jan.  1,  1922 • 

But  xve  can  nov;  tell  all  our  friends  and  comrades,  with  assurance  and 
pride,  that  our  hardships  are  a  thing  of  the  past* 

The  Forward  has  been  constantly  growing  during  the  past  three  ^'-ears, 
and  is  nov;  fully  grown.  From  a  business  standpoint,  considering  the 
number  of  readers  and  the  influence  of  the  Forward,  we  can  say  that 
our  publication  is  soundly  established*  Not  only  in  moral  strength, 
but  in  financial  standing  as  well* 

Three  years  is  not  such  a  long  time.  But  when  v/e  look  around  and  see 
what  the  Daily  gor/;ard  has  done  in  that  time,  v:e  cannot  help  but  admit 
that  v/e  are  proud  of  our  accomplishments* 

-  3  -  J]?/;iSHv^ 

\  C       o  /»' 

Daily  Forvjard,  Jan.  1,  1922 • 

Chicago  has  the  second  largest  Jewish  population  of  any  city  in 
America,  and  of  any  city  in  the  world.  For  a  long  time,  it  bore 
the  reputation  of  a  city  where  vice  flourished.  But  a  radical 
change  for  the  better  has  taken  place  since  the  advent  of  the 
Forward^  ^7ith  the  help  of  pious  Jews, the  Forv/ard  fought  against 
vice  in  the  Jewish  community • 

The  Forvjard  has  served  the  public  in  a  useful  manner,  by  publishing 
latest  news,  interesting  and  educational  articles,  and  literatiire 
written  by  some  of  the  greatest  Jewish  v/riters* 

From  its  inception,  the  Forvzard  has  been,  (and  still  is)  constantly 
working  in  the  interests  of  the  Jev/ish  working-class  in  Chicago.  It 
is  the  organ  of  the  labor  movement  of  the  Socialist  Party,  the  unions. 


-  4  -  [i-   :::  .  -  JSrnSR 

\  '.     o 
\  '-■    ■ 
^-^.^ .- 

Daily  Forward,  Jan.  1,  1922. 

and  the  Workmen's  Circle.  Therefore,  it  is  natural  for  it  to  devote  its 
efforts,  its  entire  pov/er,  to  the  ^abo^  novement  in  the  great  struggle 
between  capital  and  labor  -  the  struggle  between  those  who  do  nothing  and 
have  everything,  and  those  v;ho  do  all  the  work  and  have  nothing. 

In  this  great  struggle,  the  aim  of  the  Forward  is  to  help  abolish  the 
present  fetid  social  system  that  spells  poverty,  disease,  misery,  war, 
etc.  At  this  moment,  while  these  lines  are  about  to  go  to  press,  the 
cloak-makers  of  Chicago  are  rejoicing  over  the  results  of  their  first 

V/hen  we  first  intended  to  expand,  we  pointed  out  that  the  New  York  Forward 
had  many  readers  long  before  the  Chicago  Forward  was  established.  The 
latter  is  now  a  branch  of  the  New  York  Forward. 

«   » 

-  5  -  JEWISH Vi^-    V 

Dally  Forward,  Jan*  1,  1922. 
New  York  For.;ard 

The  25tli  anniversary  of  the  Nev;  York  Forv^^ard  v/ill  be  celebrated  on  the 
same  date*  A  quarter  of  a  century  has  shown  the  accomplishment  of  a 
few  hundred  Jews  who  contributed  from  their  meagre  earnings  in  order  to 
organize  a  nev/spaper^  that  would  not  belong  to  any  private  individual 
and  would  not  constitute  a  business  for  private  profiteering. 

The  Forv/ard  is  intended  to  be  the  exclusive  organ  of  the  working-class, 
a  powerful  weapon  in  the  struggle  for  everything  that  is  right  and  just* 
In  the  course  of  twenty-five  years,  the  ForY;ard  has  grown  to  be  the 
largest,  the  best,  and  the  most  influential  Jewish  ne;vspaper  in  the 

At  the  end  of  this  quarter  century  the  Forward  has  also  found  a  field  in 
Chicago,  a  field  so  large  and  powerful  that  the  success  is  much  greater 

^  ♦ 

-  6  -  JS'ISH 

r  ,  •      .  .}   A 

Dally  Forv/ard>  Jan.  1,  1922.  ^^^^k   JJ 

than  expected^  Today  marks  the  New  Yearl  The  birthday  of  the  Forv/ard 
coincides  with  the  first  day  of  our  New  Year.  V/hen  this  issue  is  being 
taken  off  the  press,  horns  will  sound,  bells  will  ring,  and  people,  v/ith 
mixed  feelings  of  joy  end  regret,  will  bid  farewell  to  the  old  year. 
A  new  year  is  being  born,  and  with  the  new  year,  nev;  hapes,  new  dreams, 
and  new  desires  are  also  being  born» 

V/e  wish  you  success  during  the  new  year*  V/e  v/ish  the  workers  luck  and 
success  in  all  their  novements  and  struggle  and  v/e  hope  that  the  new 
year  will  bring  the  Forward  more  useful  work  and  still  better  results 
than  it  has  had  up  to  nov;# 


■  r\  V  '  ■'  ■:^'     -^ 

';   II  B.  2  d  (l) 

Forward,  ITovemter  5,   1Q21*  *''f'^  ("-U  PROJ. 30275 

$5*000  is  waiting  for  someone  I 

•  v^^-  '        •         ~  '■  -  ■         •  ,      •       -  •        •  -         A 

"^i^---"':-^-^-  Last  week  we  issued  a  challeiige  to  the  Courier,  which  has  not  "been 

'  accepted  to  dste. 

♦        '.■■  ■ 

^e   are  prepared  to  give  $5»C)00  to  any  charity  if  the  following  state-' 
f  laments  are  proven  false! 


s  ,  "■  -. 

■ .  #'■ 

1.  That  the  Courier  has  no  more  than  1/5  of  circulation  which  it 
announced  in  a  notarized  circulation-statement. 

2.  That  the  Torward  has  twice  as  much  uaid- circulation  in  Chi cagro 
as  the  Courier. 






/,:■  . 


■-  >  , 

■'"  :.'    ;  <    '  -, 




■■.'■.-  V'      ■,       :-ry'-       - 






■  -1 

1    *            •    '    ' 


:  y" 


»  .  .  -^   ■'-•  >^--  ■'■  t* 

i*  ■>  "'  --'^    ■  -M 

'     .         .•  .  -  -   -  ■:•■■'/    -     -  .  f    >:  .  •.. 

II  B  2  d  (1)  JMISE 

I  D  2  a  (3);  wpA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

I  B,  Forward.     May  21,  1921 

The  first  check  received  at  the  office  of  the  conference,  for  a  daily 
English  workingclass  paper,  was  forwarded  "by  the  Joint  Board  of  Chicago's  locals 
of  the  Amalgamated*  The  check  amounted  to  $l9020»42« 

The  Amalgamated  promised  lOjf  of  the  total  sum  appropriated  by  May  1. 

The  Pinsk  Branch,  #252,  of  the  Workmen's  Circle,  paid  for  twenty-nine  shares* 

A  group  of  Jewish  Women  have  organized  themselves  to  collect  money  for  the 
newspaper*  The  women  are  planning  a  bazaar  at  the  Socialist  Picnic  in  Riverview 
Park,  Sunday,  May  12*  All  proceeds  will  go  for  the  paper* 



II  B  8  d  (1) 
ID  2  a  (2) 


Forwards  May  18,  1921  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

At  the  last  meetiiig  of  the  Par  Union,  Local  ^5  was  concerned  with 
the  question:  What  should  the  Union  do  in  establishing  a  daily  English 
Workers'  Newspaper  in  Chicago?  Comrades,  M*  J.   Prenkel,  and  Sophie  Rodigez 
addressed  the  meeting  and  pointed  out  the  importance  of  the  above-mentioned 

A  motion  was  made  to  withdraw  $500  from  the  Treasury  of  the  Union  and 
purchase  shares  for  the  newspaper.  The  motion  was  unanimously  accepted. 

II   B  2   d    (1) 


V\?M'>IUW.  30275 

Forward,   May  14,   1921 

Chicago  has  seven  Jewish  newspapers,   beside  those   coming  frooi  New  York*     We  have 
made  this  discovery  by  observing  the  K»  W.  Ayer  and  Sons,  •* American  Newspaper 
Annual  and  Directory***     This  is  one,  of  the  many  directories  published  in  America- 
The  method  by  which  these   directories  are   compiled,   is  the  following:     When  they 
receive  a  name  from  any  newspaper,  they  write  to  the  Nev/spaper  Compeny  requesting 
them  to    send  an  affidavit  of  their  circulation  and  other  information. 

These  directories  do  not  merely  rely  upon  the  affidavits,   but  want  to  know  wheth- 
er it   is  a  statement  of  the  publisher  or  an  A.   B.  C.   (Audit   Bureau  of  Circula- 
tion)   statement.     They  clarify,   in  their  explanations,  that  only  the  A.   B.   C. 
statements  are   certain  and  the  other  statements  from  the  Post  Office,  etc.,   are 

Te  find   in  the   last  American  Newspaper   Directory  that  Chicago  publishes   six  Jew- 
ish newspapers,  with  the  exception  of  the  Forwards  and  those  of  i^Iew  York,  and 

Page  2 

II  B  2   d   (1) 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

Forward,  May   14,   1921* 

here  v;e  submit  them  and  their  •♦circulation'*  as  they  appear   in  the  directory; 
Jewish  Call  (daily)    Independent   -  19,000,   Jewish  Courier   (daily)   Independent   - 
42,040,   Jewish  Press   (daily)    Ind*   Republican  -  23,000,   Jev/ish  Progress   (daily) 
Independent   -  14,000,   Jewish  Record,   Independent   -  28,000,   Jewish  Tenies,   Inde- 
pendent  -  17,000* 

The   Jewry  of  Chicago   know  that  half  of  these  newspapers  are  not   in  existence, 
and  that  the   second  half  does  not  have  the  circulation  they  assert,   but   some 
inexperienced  gentile  advertisers  are   unaware  of  this,   and  they  therefore  pa- 
tronize these  nev/spapers.     They  print  a  half  dozen  copies,   on  the  day  they  re- 
ceive an  advertisement,   forward  one  copy  to  the  edvertiser  and  the  others  are 
kept   in  reserve,   in  case  an  advertiser  requests  another   copy.     The  news  and 
articles  of  these  newspapers  are  alweys  the   sejce;  therefore,  they  have  no 
expenses  and  as  much  as  they  receive   is  a  total  profit • 

The  Forward   circulation  statement   is  approved  by  the  A.   B.  C.     Why  does  not  the 

Page  3 

II  B  2  d   (1) 



VPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30276 

Forward,   ^fey  14,   192I, 

♦♦Courier**  belong  to  the  A.   B.  C*?     The  answer  is  clear:     Exact  figures  must   be 
submitted  to  the  A»   B.   C» 

The  Forward  repeats  its  challenge,  and  is  willing  to   deposit  .$1,000  in  any  bank, 
that  the  Forwai^d  sells  twice  as  many  copies  in  Chicago  than  the  "Courier**  and 
all  other  newspapers   (Jewish)  put  together* 

The  Jewish   Daily  Forward  is  the  only  Jewish  Newspaper  in  Chicago  that   is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  A*   B»  C. 

II  B  2  d   (1)  JEWISH 

I  E 

kVPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

Forward.  May  1,  1921, 

Branch  UUU  of  the  Workmen's  Circle  exceeds  all  the  Jewish  working  class 
organizations  in  the  activities  for  the  drive  of  the  daily  English  working 
class  paper.   The  branch  bought  shares  amounting  to  $500  of  which  $250  were 
already  submitted.  What  organization  can  rate  with  this  branch?  The 
principle  participants  for  the  paper  are  I.  W.  Golden,  N,  H,  Lashensky, 
Benderman  and  other  active  members. 


■  i  ■ 

II  B  2  d  (1)  JEWISH 

.   IV 

ronrard.  May  1,  1921 

VVPA  (ILL.)  PROi.  3027& 

The  following  were  proposed  for  the  Forward  Association: 

Jacob  Siegel.  Member  of  the  S.P. ,  l^th  Ward 

Nathan  Bosenfield,  Mezoiber  of  N.W.  Socialist  Branch 

A.   Wallmein,  Member  of  N.  W,  Socialist  Branch 

Isaac  Averbook,  Member  of  Douglas  Branch  S*P« 

Morris  Poznansky,  Member  of  the  N.W.  Socialist  Branch 

S«  Shlpkowltz,  Member  of  the  West  Side  Socialist  Party 

All  those  having  any  charges  to  make  against  the  above-mentioned  are  requested 

to  Inform: 

Meyer  Wlnetrlb, 

2229  Ohio  Street 

'•■.   /'v 

i;  :' 

II  B  2  d  (1) 


Forward .    Jan.   1,      1921.  .,.^,    ., ,     ^^. 

WPA  (\l  U  PRO ;  ?f:7^' 


Today  is  exactly  two  years  since  the  Forward  first  began  to  appear  in  Chicago, 
and  the  anniversary  is  to  he  celebrated  by  a  banquet  given  by  the  Forward 


n  B  2  d  (1) 

II  D  10 

forward   Dec.  22 »  1920 


WPA  (ILL)  PR-OJ.  30275 

A  Declaration  hy  the  People*  e  Belief  Oomaittee  a>ncerxiing  the 
falsefjring  etatemente  that  appeared  in  yesterday^  ■  Courier • 

Yaleehood  Ho«  It 

*Ihe  financial  report t  which  wae  ^ren  at  the  Conference  of  the  People*  e  Belief 
last  Sundajr*  was  not  signed  hy  a  certified  auditor  or  finance  conmittee*" 
Tou  will  findt  in  toaorrow*s  forward,  a  complete  facsimile  of  the  Auditor's 
rffportt  under  his  seal.  We  affirm  that  the  report  was  not  only  0*K*d  by  a 
finance  CommitteCt  hut  also  hy  the  entire  executiye  of  the  People's  Belief # 

faltUiood  Ho*  2. 

*Ihe  report  of  the  executire  was  not  accepted  by  the  bazaar  Oommittee  at  the 

conference,  which  ended  in  a  riot"* 

The  report  was  unanimously  accepted  by  the  basaar  Gommitteet  The  forward 

all  the  or  sanitations  9  all  the  indiyidoals  that  helped  make  the  bazaar  a  success* 

fals^ood  No*  3 

•The  $1300*00  that  the  Atterath  Israel  Synagogue  contributed  to  the  bamaar  has 

"»   ;^^ 


Page  2  JOTISH 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  3027b 

disappeared  entirely** 

The  Bone7  was  added  to  the  total  bum  hy  the  anditcr*  The  Torward  had  recently 

reproduced  the  checks* 

--  ♦ 

Talalshood  Ho*  U  (excerpt  from  our  editorial) 

The  Courier  states  that  at  least  one  thingt  the  delegates  hare  learned  from  the 

unsigned  report  which  they  have  turned  dowut  and  that  is  that  the  eiq>enses 

of  the  Peoples  Belief  Goimittee  was  about,  fifty  percent  of  the  income  that  is 

not  only  scandalous  but  plain  theft  and  robbery**' 

falsehood  Ho*  3 

'!Qie  People's  Belief  loaned  $10,000  to  the  bazaar*  The  bazaar  returned  only 

$8000  and  the  other  two  thousand  dollars  were  absent  on  the  report** 

In  the  auditor's  report  of  the  bazaar  it  is  clearly  understood  that  People's 

Belief  loaned  $10,'^10*09  to  the  bazaar  and  received  $8000  in  return*  Haturally 

the  balance  remains  in  the  receipts  of  the  bazaar  and  since  all  the  money  of 

the  bazaar  is  giren  to  the  People's  Belief  the  balance  is  automatically 



II  B  2  d  (1)  ^   

II  D  10  " 

III  H  Dally  Jefwish  Oourier,  Dec.  3,  1920. 

(Editorial  in  Snglisli) 

The  average  reader  of  Jewish  newspapers  often  resents  the  apparent  monotony 
of  the  reading  matter.  It  seems  to  him  that  the  Jewish  newspapers  are 
publishing  every  day  the  same  news^and  that  the  eorticles  are  all  on  the 
same  style  and  on  the  same  subject. 

To  a  certain  extent »  the  resentment  has  a  certain  foundation  in  f^ct.  One 
may  tcJce  any  Jewish  newspaper ^  a  daily  or  a  weekly,  and  one  will  find  nearly 
every  day  or  every  week  the  same  news — pogroms ,  Jewish  massacres ,  anti-- 
Semitism, anti-Jewish  riots,  Jewish  oppression,  Jewish  persecution,  slander«- 
ous  libels  against  the  Jews,  and  so  forth  and  so  on.  We  have  only  to  look 
on  the  locality  of  Infoimatlon  to  know  the  contents  of  the  infomation.  If 
the  news  comes  from  Vjarsaw,  it  means  Jewish  oppression,  Jewish  persecution. 
If  it  cosnes  from  Lemberg,  it  means  Jewish  wholesale  pogroms.  If  the  news 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JSWISH 

II  D  10 

III  H  Dally  Jewish  Ck>urier,  Dec.  3,  1920. 

Is  dated  London,  It  means  either  an  attack  by  the  Morning  Post  against 
Zionism,  or  a  new  libel  against  the  Jews,  or  it  nay  have  something  to  do 
with  Zionism,  and  the  Zionist  organization*  If  the  news  comes  from  Buda- 
pest, we  know  that  it  carries  a  message  of  woe  and  pain. 

So  it  is  to  a  certain  extent  true  that  Jewish  newspapers  are  monotonous,  ^ 

because  Jewish  life  is  monotonous;  that  is  to  say,  it  consists  of  one  ^ 

phase  only.  Of  course,  we  are  not  the  only  people  that  is  subject  to  suffer-  ^ 

ing  and  persecution.  There  are  many  more  people  on  God's  earth  who  suffer  ^ 

just  as  bitterly  as  we  do,  if  not  more.  But  still  their  life  is  not  as  5 

monotonous  as  ours,  because  they  are  not  as  passive  as  we  are.  If  they  ^- 

suffer,  they  make  their  enemies  suffer  too.  If  they  are  being  beaten,  they  o 

sometimes  beat  their  enemies  too.  And  often  enough  they  even  enjoy  full  5^ 

That  Is  not  the  case  with  us.  Our  people  is  beaten  and  maltreated,  but  no 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  3  -  JEV/ISH 

II  D  10 

III  H  Dally  Jewish  Courier,  Dec.  3,  1920* 

one  has  the  desire  and  the  opportunity  to  beat  and  to  maltreat  others. 
For  Instance,  there  Is  an  •^Armenian-Turkish  war^,  that  Is  to  say,  a  Turkish 
plan  of  massacre  of  Armenians.  The  victims  are  the  Armenians,  but  still 
there  are  a  few  Armenians  who  take  up  arms  against  the  Turks,  and  wage  war 
against  them.  It  has  never  happened  yet  that  Jews  should  have  an  opportunity 
to  do  likewise.  We  only  hear  of  Jewish  pogroms,  but  we  have  never  heard  of  the    § 
Jewish  pogroms  against  their  enemies,  we  have  never  heard  of  Jev/ish  counter- 
acting the  Poles.  This  being  the  case,  the  Jewish  news  is  often  monotonous,      i 
and  we  do  not  blame  the  reader  who  is  getting  tired  of  it.  Z 

What  is  true  of  Jewish  news  is  also  true  of  Jewish  newspaper  articles.  No       ^ 
conscientious  Jewish  journalist  can  overlook  the  two  main  activities  of  the      ;^ 
present  time — of  relief  work  and  Zionism.  And  most  of  our  publicists  are 
actually  devoting  their  time  and  their  ability  to  the  elucidation  and  ex- 
position of  these  two  problems  and  all  the  problems  related  to  them.  The 
Jowish  press,  if  it  should  discharge  its  duty  conscientiously,  must  devote 


II  B  2  d  (1)  -  4  -  JBWISH 

II  D  10 

III  H  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Dec.  3,  1920. 

its  energy  to  these  two  problems,  on  the  solution  of  which  depends  the 
future  of  our  people  in  Europe  and  in  Palestine. 

'Other  peoples,  better  established  than  we  are,  have  a  life  richer  in  colors 
than  ours.  They  have  their  own  government,  their  army,  their  navy,  their 
administration,  their  domestic  problems,  their  social  and  artistic  problems, 
etc.  But  we  are  at  present  interested  only  in  two  problems— Zionism  and 
relief.  And  hence  the  monotony  of  the  Jewish  press.  But  unless  we  solve 
these  two  problems  satisfactorily,  we  will  never  have  a  richer  life,  and 
the  monotony  will  perpetuate  itself,  so  that  in  order  to  overcome  the  J 

monotony,  we  must  at  present  devote  all  our  energies  to  the  solution  of  7- 

these  two  problems,  even  if  we  feel  the  monotony  strongly.  A  well  establish-     ^^ 
ed  Jewish  homeland  in  Palestine,  and  a  settled  Jewry  in  the  Diaspora,  will       5' 
brighten  Jewish  life,  and  will  give  it  tone  and  color,  and  will  make  our 
life  more  interesting  and  the  Jewish  press  will  be  more  interesting,  too. 



II  B  2  d  (1) 
II  £  2 


'^'^^UllDPmi  30275 

Forward,  November  30,  I92O. 

A  Eabbi  testified  that  the  editor  of  the  "Courier"  had  taken  hrihe,  Is  it 

When  the  news  appeared  that  Hahbi  Ephraim  Epstein,  Habbi  of  the  largest  syna- 
gogue in  Chicago,  had  testified  at  the  Holy  Altar  that  the  editor  of  the  Cou- 
rier was  given  bribe,  a  great  many  asked  the  question,  is  it  possible?  Is  the 
editor  a  "person"  who  would  write  praises,  if  paid  a  few  klingers,and  abuse 
and  iiiTiigib  when  he  doesn't  receive  anything? 

The  answer  to  all  qjiestions  concerning  the  money  scandal  in  which  the  editor 
of  the  "Courier"  is  involved  will  clear  the  situation  this  Friday  in  the 

II   3   2   d   (]) 
I  D  2  a   ik) 

j:7::i  gk 

.The  Ponvard.    Cctober  13 1   1920 

^^^^  OIU  PROj,  3027c 

AGAIN  A   37RIKE  A"   THE  GCl^xir^R 

AN  e:<:pianaticn  ?rom  wz  jemsh  i^intfrs  op 

LOCAL  r/l(>. 

The  Jewish  printers  today  distributed   circulars,  v/hich   read  as  follovrs: 

On  the  20th  of  September,    the  Jewish  printers   signed  a  new  agreement  with 
The   Fonvurd  and  The  Labor  ".'orld>      The  Courier t    on  the    other  hend,    resorted  to 
legal   procedure   and  the  process  protracted   itself  foV   so  long  a  time   that 
the      printers  became   tired  and   stopped  work* 

The  Courier     announced,    that   the   president  of  Local  #l6  is  against  the  printers 
upon  vrhich  Mr.  Kaan,    the   president  of  LocsjI  ^16,   answered  as   follows: 

II   B   2  d  (1) 
I  D  2  a  (4) 

-  2   - 


The   ?orv/ard.  October  13,   1920. 

m  (IIU  PROJ.  3027i 

A.n  article   of  The  Courier   dra\/s  my  attention  to  the  fact,    that  I  v/arned  the 
printers   of  The   Courier   that   their   de  ilin^s  are    contrary  to   the   laws   of 
Local  .rl6»      I   never  made   any   such    st'tement.      It  is  not  my  view,   and   I'm 
absolutely   in   sjoiioathy  with   the  Jev.ish    -irinters   in   the  Courier   difficulties^ 

In  my   possession  may  be   a  wage    scale   agreement   signed  by  a   represent?:  tive    of 
The  Courier^     The    president  of  Chicago  Typo<;;^rc  ohj  cal  Local    ilo,   and   also 
by  Mardson  II,    l^cott,    president   of  the   Internv.tional   Tyrjo^raphical  Union, 
This  agreement  contains   the    clause: 

It  is  Rgre   d  that,    at  no   time    shall    the  v/eckly  wage    scale  be   lov/er,   than 
the  wages  that  are   being  -oaid  by  the  English  daily  newspapers   of  Chicago. 
Since   the   22nd  of  I/ay,    1920,    the   printers   of  the  English  newspapers  have 
been  receiving-  %55»'^^  ^  week  for  day  work,   and  $6o   per  v/eek  for  ni[;:ht  v/ork» 

II  B  2  d  (1 
I  D   2  a   (4) 

_    "5    _ 


The  Fonvard,  October  13,   1920, 

W'^M^^UPRCJ.  30275 

As  the  president  of  the  Chica,--;o  Typo^r-.  uhical  Union  Local  rl6,  I  demanded 
that  the  Courier  should  follov/  the  terms  of  the  af;reement  and  pay  $^5  per 
week  to  the   printer^:,    stJr^.rtin^^  September  20,   1920» 

My  demand  met  v/ith   all    kinds   of  ansv/ers,    t-^nd   protests   from  the    owner,   v/ho 

is  lookin.e,  after  his   own  interests     It  is  my  errnest  desire,    that  the  Courier 

afree    to   the   demands   of   the   exlstinrr  wa^-'e    sc^j.le   a;^,reement« 

Mr*  S  •   N,   Kaan, 

President  ChJ  cago  Typographical  Union  Local  ;vl6» 

This   letter   speaks    for   itself.      The    fact  is,    that  all    the    printers   of  The  Courier 
left  their  work,   and   "^he   Courier  is   printed   no//  "by   several    scy.les,   v/ho  are 
practicing  scabbery   twice  a  year,   every   six  months,  when   they  must   sign  a 

a  new  agreement.      The   Jewish   readers   of   the  Courier  v/ho  have  alv/avs    shov^ed 
their  disgust  for   scales,   will   this   time    surely  notify  the  Courier 
they're   meaning;  about   scales. 

The  Jev;i  sh  Printers   of  Chicago. 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

I  p  5 



WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

Jewish  Advgince,  June  13»  IS 20, 

The  Judisihe  Presse  of  this  city  makes,  apropos  of  the  la.te  judicial  election, 
some  very  good  remarks.   It  ascribes  the  defeat  of  Julius  Rosenthal,  Ssq., 
to  the  callousness  of  our  &erman  "brethren,  to  their  indifference  in  the  work 
against  vulgar  prejudices  of  the  masses  against  the  Je\vs.  The  Presse  takes 
occasion  to  urge  the  Jewish  nations  of  Russia  and  Poland  to  throw  aside  their 
exclusive  ha.hits  and  customs,  and  to  hecome  true  children  of  this  countr^'^, 
where  the  law  knows  no  distinction  hetTveen  the  rights  of  Jew  or  Gentile  on 
account  of  religious  prejudices. 

II  B  a  d(i)        'i->.^m'^-^       -->;&■«:     *^^>-^:r^,:m-^m^,  JWLst 

Bie  Lawndale  Press #  Volume  1«  Week  of  January  30,  1920«  Page  5»    r- 

-   ■     .  ■  f  -  «^ 

Mr«  James  Loebner  was  born  in  Jassi,  Roumcmia  in  1682 #  At  the  age  of.  S 
seventeen,  he  beoarae  the  editor  of  a  native  humorous  magazine,  the  Broom^ 
He  later  oontributed  to  well-known  publications  in  Bucharest*  ^. 

*.■'<••.  ^• 

He  came  to  Chicago  in  1902  and  Joined  the  staff  of  the  Dally  Jewish  Courier > 
He  has  a  feature  in  the  Courier,  known  as  "The  Oalicieui  Jew  with  the  NutSf*  to 
which  the  readers  of  the  paper  look  forward  on  every  Wednesday*  He  is 
known  under  the  nom  de  plume  of  *Ben  Dov,*  and  "Shneyer  Zalmen** 

V'-^i   .■•■-"■"<■  ><.i' 


':v?^    .  ^.^/:n^'.v     -v.^-^^"'.:'^-^?-^^"^?:^^^^ 


II  B  2  d  (1)  JZ.:i311 


Sunday  Courier,  Oct.  5,  1919, 

YROi:   Ti:2  PUBLIC  H031RUI.! 


J.  loebner  ^ 

It  is  no  surprise  to  find  a  Jev;isli  nev;spaper  in  i\nerica  containing,  in  "p 

addition  to  its  usual  reading  natter,  an  English  section  also.  The  ^ 

suirprisins  thine  is  that  the  venture  is  successful.  Tlius  the  English  ^ 

page  of  the  Courier  is  a  success — a  very  creat  success •  This  is  so  2 

because  the  editorials  offer  a  v/ealth  of  iiaterial  and  the  articles  cj 

throughout  its  other  colunns  are  selected,  and  because  the  public  has  [::3 
shown  great  interest  in  then. 

•Yith  ever;>'  nail,  the  letter  carrier,  brings  staclcs  of  congratulations 
fron  readers  of  this  English  page.  ITeither  does  he  fail  to  bring 
contributions  fraii  talented  English  readers  both  locally  and  from  other 


II  B  2  d  (1)                     .  2  -                        JEWISH   * 

Sunday  Jewish  Courier,  Oct.  5,  1919. 
states  where  the  Courier  is  read. 

Since  the  advent  of  the  iinglish  page  our  circulation  department  has  been 
busier  than  ever  before,  taking  large  orders  from  newsdealers  and  filling 
those  orders  that  C€dl  for  delivery  either  by  carrier  or  by  post*  IVe 
can  truthfully  say  that,  whereas  formerly  there  was  one  reader  for  every 
copy  of  the  Courier,  there  are  now  many  more  per  copy.  These  are  ^ew 
readei^T^  the  children  of  the  older  readers  to  whom  the  Jewish  language  is 

Yes,  it  is  for  these  sons  and  daughters  of  Jewish  parents  that  the  ^   I 

publisher  of  this  newspaper  introduced  the  English  page,  in  order  that  he 
might  keep  them  in  contact  with  Jews  and  their  interests.  Neither  had  he 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  3  -  TSmSB, 


Sunday  Jewish  Courier^  Oct,  5,  1919. 

far  to  seek  for  an  editor.  His  own  editor  of  the  Jewish  Courier, 

Dr.  S.  L.  Melamed,  also  fills  this  capacity  for  the  English  page  adding 

therein  his  unusual  adroitness  and  ability.  Dr.  Melamed  is  a  great  :S 

editor  in  lilnglish  as  well  as  in  Geiroan,  Yiddish,  and  Hebrew*  He  writes  5 

in  all  these  languages  for  various  newspapers  and  journals  in  addition  ^ 

to  the  daily  articles  written  for  the  Courier.  That  Dr.  Melamed  can  rj 

write,  especially  that  he  has  something  to  write  about,  is  attested  by  go 

those  buying  this  newspaper  and  by  those  who  peruse  the  famous  American  o 

Jewish  Chronicle  (in  English)  of  which  he  was  editor.  caj 

It  is  the  object  of  Dr.  Melamed,  by  means  of  the  English  page,  to  keep 
young  /jaerican  Jews  of  Chicago  and  of  the  Middle  V/est  in  contact  with 
Jewish  life,  Jewish  traditions,  and  Jewish  aims,  and  thus  induce  them  to 
take  an  active  interest  in  all  matters  pertaining  to  Judaism. 


II  B  2  d  (1)  -  4  -  Jg/nSH 


Sunday  Jewish  Courier,  Oct*  5,  1919. 

And,  by  the  way,  Jewish  readers  of  the  Courier  enjoying  our  Jewish  news 
and  literary  items  can  now  share  these  joys  with  their  children  and 
friends  who  read  only  the  English  page.  Many  articles  from  the  pens  of 
Mr.  Leon  Zolotkof,  Dr.  Margolin,  S.  Greenblue,  Dr.  M.  L.  Kord,  M.  Indritz,      ^ 
Dr.  Morris  Reinhardt,  and  others  will  appear  in  English  on  the  English         5 
page  as  well.  The  two  Galician  Jews  who  have  won  so  much  popularity  for        ^^^ 
their  wit  €Uid  tricks  in  the  weekly  Courier  will  not  fail  to  appear  on  the       r* 
new  sheet.  ^ 

Our  young  generation,  the  i\merican  bom  and  reared  Je^vish  sons  and  daughters,    ^ 

and  all  who  now  read  the  Courier's  English  page  will  acquire  thereby  the  S 
spirit  and  knov/ledge  of  the  various  Jewish  problems  both  in  America  and  ^ 
across  the  sea. 

All  of  us  may  congratulate  ourselves  upon  this  new  undertaking.  It  is  a 

II  3  2  d  (1) 



?orvard.    Sejtenber  5,    I9I9 

WPA  (ILL.)  PRDJ.  3027^ 

The  Chicago  Herald  £:  Er.arr.iner  of  ne::t   Sxir.da-'   (9-7-13) 
v;ill   contc-.ln  a  fiilT   pr-./:e  of   s'rm  >'=.t'"!etic.;lly  rritten 
TTticles  "by  the  -nost   ort'3tan(^in-2:  Jev^s   of  Chicr;^o  and 
the  coimtr^''.      Articles  '-'ill   oe  printed  ty: 

J-'idge  Julian  !.-ac':.      jTidtf:e  H-go  ?:im,   TTathan  D.    Caclan, 
Samuel  ?hil-ipson,    Istx  Shulrnar. ,   P^ahhi   3 -:al   Sil'ber,   Dr, 
Stephen  V/ise,   Jacoh  TelloAs,    3.   3.   IConar'ro,   lir.   !:enj.   Davis, 

and  others? . 


II  3  2  d  (1) 


.      ,  ,     ,r     ^'-n  WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

To   all  Porv^ard  stibscribers  and   a.2;ent'^.   of  th^  following  states: 
Illinois,    Ohio,    "^isconsir:,   ITel^ras'-a,    iio;jth  Da^'ota,    ::ent'JC'v', 
Ivlinnesnta,    Iviichigan,    Indiana,   Missouri,   ITorth  Dakota,   Kansas, 
Colorado ,    Ca^-^da. 

After  the   first  of  J^^ly  all  "b^^sine^^s  '-'ill  te   transferred  from 
New  Yor'c  to  Chica^^o. 

All  coT^.plaints,    nev;  su'b script! on e ,    choniT^es  of  ac^dre'^s,    and  gen- 
eral correspondence   should  be   addrecsec^    to  our  western  office: 

Jewish  D'-tily  Forv-Td 
1123  ^l^ie    Island  Ave. 
Ohica^^o,    Illinois 

•  II  B  2  d  (1) 
i  II  A  2 
III  A  Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  July  10,  1919 « 



A  BRAI'ioH  OFjj'IjE;  uF  IU^   Co'UiLl_..t 

OPi^NlS  ON  'ilia;  iMOi^'iKJiiJ'i.  3xDE 

( Advert i sement J 

The  Jewish  Oourier  wishes  to  aiinounce  the  opening  of  a  branch  office  on 
the  Xviorthwest  Jide  for  the  convenience  of  the  large  Jewish  community  in 
that  section  of  Jhica^o,  The  number  of  Jev;ish  residents  in  this  section 
is  constantly  increasing* 

Uur  branch  is  located  in  the  very  heart  of  this  jev;ish  quarter,  2448  V/est 
Division  .street,  the  store  of  ^j^*.  x^avid  rwenigsberg,who  v/iil  be  in  charge 
of  the  office. 

All  tyoes  of  'want  ads"  will  be  accented  here  at  regular  office  prices,  as 
well  as  subscriptions  and  other  business,  i^so,  all  Jev/ish  news  stories, 


II  B  2  d  (1) 

II  A  2 


-  2  - 


Daily  Jewish  Courier >  July  10,  1919 • 
activities  and  private  nev/s  will  be  accepted  at  this  office. 

Mr.  Kenigsberg  is  one  of  the  oldest  and  most  well-known  Jev/ish  personalities 
on  the  Northwest  Side.  He  is  a  well-known  intellectual  and  one  of  the  most 
active  members  of  the  Jewish  Educational  Alliance  and  other  Jewish  organi- 

The  Northwest  side  branch  office  is  open  every  day  and  evening  except 
Friday  night  and  Saturday  morning.  The  telephone  is  Humboldt  7510. 

Translator's  note:  Please  note  reference  to  neighborhoodT/ 

II  B  2  d   (1) 

I  C 


Sunday  Jewish  Courier,  June  22,   1919. 


J,  Leibner 

It  has  been  a  year  since  a  new  department  vjas  installed  in  the  Courier ♦ 
We  can  truthfully  say  that  our  paper  has  accomplished  much  in  the  field 
of  Jewish  journalism  in  America. 

With  its  large  staff  of  fine  vjr iters,  the  Courier  stands  on  a  par  with 
other  large  newspapers  in  New  York.   It  is  the  barometer  of  Jewish  Life, 
of  Jev/ish  influence,  and  Jev/ish  creativeness  in  Chicago, 

1^6  Courier  has  grown  in  circulation  and  significance.  It  has  many  more 
readers  than  it  had  a  year  ago.  It  also  has  done  much  in  various  fields 
for  the  Jewish  and  general  community  in  this  city.  The  Courier  not  only 

II  B  2  d    (1)  -  2   -  JK7ISK 


III  H  Sunday  Jewish  Courier,   June  22,    1919. 

I  C 

had  the  interests  of  the  local  Jev/s  at  heart,   but  also  of  those 
across   the  sea*      Thanks   to^  its   efforts,   iriany  institutions   have  liquidated 
their  debts  v;hile  other  /^institutions/   have  been  established.      Thanks  to 
its' efforts,   Jews  across   the  sea  received  all  possible  aid.     The  novement 
to  build  a  home  for  Je^vs  was  naturally  not  neglected.     '* Judaism  and 
Aiaericanism"  is  written  across   its  flag,   to  which  end   it  has  devoted   its 
entire  force. 

The  one   in  quest  of  good  literature,   enlightenment,   or  the  latest  news, 
the  tradespeople  of  Chicago  and  other  cities — all  are  grouped  around  the 
Courier ♦     The  v/orker  possessing  special   interests  also  finds  first-class 
information  and  a  s:^7Tipathetic  voice  tlierein. 

For  every  department   of  this  nev/spaper,   as  can  be  seen  froi.i  its   index,  we 
have  s-oecialists,    exr^erienced  -oersons  '.vith  responsible  duties—persons  v/ho 
know  what  thev  want   and  understand  v;ell  the  needs  of  the  reader  as  well  as 
the  advertiser. 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  3  -  J^VISH 


III  H  53unday  Jev/ish  Courier,  June  2E,  1919. 

I  C 

The  new  department  and  the  prosperity  in  the  business  world  has 
elevated  the  Courier  to  the  position  in  v;hich  it  now  finds  itself,  llie 
readers  Liay  expect  more  improvements — the  advertisers  even  r^reater  returns. 
Tnere  must  be  more  business  for  the  advertiser  when  the  newspaper  improves. 
And  the  newspaper  is  improved  when  its  circulation  increases. 

The  Courier  does  not  rest  merely  upon  its  laurels  in  this  community  which 
has  p:iven  it  a  f/reat  clientele  of  Jexvish  readers  and  advertisers,  but  pro- 
gresses, acauiring  ever  more  v/r iters,  and  improvin^^:  its  form. 

The  Je\^;ish  Community  and  the  Courier  in  Chicago  are  one.   The  interests  of 
one  are  those  of  the  other.   The  ivelfare  and  progress  of  one  are  those  of 
the  other.  Chicago  Jews  influence  and  keep  pace  with  the  Courier  in  all 
phases  of  community  life. 

II  B  2  d  (1)  ,  jmim 


Sunday  Jewish  Co\irier>  June  8,  1919. 


Friday  evening,  at  a  well-attended  meeting  of  the  Jewish  Press  Club, 
the  following  officers  were  elected: 

Z.  B.  Kameika,  president;  Louis  Shaeffer,  vice-president;  N.  Drezdov, 
treasurer;  S.   Greenblue,  financial  secretary;  H.  Segel,  recording 

To  the  executive  committee  were  elected  the  following  membera: 
J.  Leibner,  Jacob  Segel,  Saul  Polsner. 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

-  2  - 

Sunday  Jewish  Coiirlert  June  8,  1919 


Lawyer  Jacob  Underman  was  chosen  to  draw  up  a  constitution  for  the 
Press  Club. 

The  meeting  terminated  with  a  banquet  in  honor  of  Mr.  Jacob  Fishman, 
managing  editor  of  the  Morgan  Szurnal (horning  Journal),  who  answered 
in  response  to  the  members  numerous  greetings  with  an  inspiring  speech, 
in  which  he  touched  upon  the  general  Jewish  situation  and  Jewish  politics 
in  Paris,  from  where  he  has  but  recently  returned. 

Another  banquet  speaker  v;as  Dr.  S.  M.  Melomed,  editor  of  the  Courier. 
Among  other  things  he  said: 

"Jacob  Fishman  is  one  of  those  rare  Jewish  Journalists  in  America  who 
possess  such  healthy  outlook  on  mankind  and  intellectual  ethics  as  to 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  3  -  JEWISH 


Sunday  Jewish  Courier,  June  8,  1919. 

make  them  simply  amazing.  That  is  why  all  his  colleagues  and  friends  have 
so  much  confidence  in  him,  a  fact  which  puts  hira  in  the  position  where 
he  can  influence  people  without  much  effort." 

"As  an  individual,  Mr.  Fishman  is  very  interesting  and  pleasant.  He 
embodies  within  himself  the  dry  cold  sharp  intellect  of  the  Lithuanian 
Jew  and  the  inspiring  warm-hearted  animation  of  the  Polish  Jew.** 

II  B  2  d  (1)  JEWISH 


IV  Sunday  Jewish  Courier,  May  25,  1919. 


Mr.  T.  Dua,  well  known  to  our  readers  through  his  many  years  of  service 
on  the  Courier,  has  just  returned  from  France,  from  Uncle  Sam's  army, 
and  again  resumes  his  work  with  this  newspaper. 

Mr.  Dua,  during  the  last  fev/  years,  was  very  active  in  the  radical 
movement  in  Chicago  and  is  well  acquainted  with  all  the  tendencies  and 
aims  in  the  Jewish  Workmen's  movement,  as  well  as  with  all  its  leading 

By  his  re-entering  the  Courier's  services,  our  stsiff  becomes  enriched 
with  an  able  member  and  our  readers  will  again  be  accurately  informed 
of  everything  occurring  ilrt he  Jewish  Vforkmen's  world.  On  page  seven 
we  print  the  first  contribution  by  Mr.  Dua  under  the  pen-name  of 
Elechem  Sholom#  / 

•*•    V"^1 

II  E    2d  (1) 

III  B5  a 

II  A  3  b 


WPA  f!LUP{^OJ.3Q27& 

Forward >  Janur?ry  2,  1919* 
Reception  for  the  Daily  Forward  a  National  Holiday > 

Not  less  than  15,000  Chicago  Jewish  workers  participated  in  the  holiday. 
There  were  great  ovations  for  the  speakers  and  for  Rosa  Balsa,  the  great  opera 
star.  The  memory  of  this  event  will  remain  in  the  minds  of  the  participants 
for  years  to  come. 

On  New- Year  Eve,  Tuesday  December  3l8t,  I9IS,  over  15,000  Chicago  Jewish 
workers  congregated  at  the  Large  Coliseum  to  celehrate  the  puhlication  of  the 
Forward  in  Chicago*  The  proceeds  from  the  sale  of  the  first  edition  was  contri- 
buted to  the  people's  relief.  By  8:00  o'clock  the  hall  was  filled  to  capacity 
and  even  standing  room  was  not  available.   Soon  the  platform  was  filled  with 
honored  guests.  The  first  speaker  on  the  program  was  J,  Louis  Engdhal,  Editor 
of  the  Chicago  Socialist,  The  applause  was  terrific.  The  next  speaicer  was 

tr  t   g  d  (1)       Page  2  JEWISH 

III  B  ^  a 

nA3'l.  ^'^^  Om  PmU0275 

Forward,  Jannrary  2,  1919 • 

Seymour  Stedman,  a  noted  attorney  who  defended  five  defendants  for  socialistic 
propaganda,  in  federal  court.  Other  speakers  were  as  follows:  Mr.  Radriges, 
Robert  Howe,  the  former  Editor  of  the  World,  K.  Marmar  ,  former  Manager  of  the 
World,  Morris  Ziokind,  Representative  of  the  Workers  Ring,  L.  Beneson, 
representative  of  the  United  Jewish  Workers  Alliance,  H.  Shnide,  representative 
of  various  other  workers  organization.  Toward  the  end  of  this  great  event,  a 
few  more  of  the  most  highly  honored  guests,  were  introduced  as  speakers,  Al» 
derman  B.  Vladek,  General  manager  of  the  Forward^  and  Judge  Jacob  Peukin.  Pres- 
ident of  the  Forward.   The  applaud  for  these  two  speakers  was  great  beyond  de- 
scription. After  the  enthusiastic  crowd  finally  quited  down,  the  famous  Prima 
Donna,  Rosa  Raisa,  of  the  Chicago  grand  opera  entered  the  hall.   The  audience 
simply  went  wild,  happiness  and  applause  beyond  reason  looking  at  the  girl  ge- 
nius from  Biale stock  Russia.   She  sang  Russian  Melodies  and  other  songs  from 
the  old  Fatherland.   She  concluded  her  concert  with  the  most  beautiful  of  Jewish 
songs,  Eli,  Eli. 

II  B  S  d    (1)  JS'-nSE 

III  B  3  a  ""^ 

II  D  10  Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,    Dec.   1,   1918. 



III  H  by 

J.  Loebner 

V/ith  the  openinr  cf  a  branch  office  of  the  Courier  on  the  i7orthv;est  Side,  a 
nevj   chapter  is  started  in  the  history  of  our  coimaunity  in  Chicago. 

In  that  part  of  the  city,  the  Courier  reiiches  aLnost  every  Jev/ish  home  viheve 
Yiddish  is  read  and  Jev/ish  custons  fcllov/ed,  and  v;here  it  obtains  its  share 
of  advertisei'ients  from  the  businessmen.  Tlie  Je;/s  of  the  iJorthv/est  Side,  v;ho 
are  active  in  various  fields  of  public  endeavor,  are  not  too  lazy  to  come 
over  to  the  .Vest  Side — to  the  office  of  the  Courier-^to  discuss  this  or  that 
matter  and  in  this  manner  most  thinr;s  are  undertaken  and  carried  out  for  the      ^ 
benefit  of  all,  v;ith  no  extra  expense  to  this  office* 

The  publisher  of  the  Courier,  v;ho  spares  neither  effort  nor  money  to  make  this 
nev/spaper  an  outstandinc  daily,  has  undertaken  not  only  to  deliver  a  fine 


II  B  2  d    (1)  -  2  -  JH'TISII 

III  B  3  a 

II  D  10  Daily  Je-./ish  Courier,   Dec.   1,   1918. 


III  E       Courier  into  their  homes,  but  also  to  see  that  the  Jev/ish  North- 
Ill  H    v/est  Side  acconplish  for  i^s  oivn  benefit  and  the  benefit  of  the  en- 
tire Jev/ish  coLU.'iunity,  i.iore  than  ever  before;  that  more  Jev;s  become 
interested  in  the  local  Jev/ish  institutions;  and  that  everytLin^;;^  there  that 
concerns  the  Jev/  as  a  Jev/,  as  a  businessman,  and  as  a  workingman, .  shall 
have  ST)ace  in  the  Courier. 

Tlie  branch  office,  x:hich  is  located  at  2448  V/est  Division  Street,  is  in  the 

very  heart  of  the  Northv/est  Side  Je\/ish  nei{::hborhood,  and  v;as  placed  under 

the  supervision  of  the  :vell-l:nov/n  David  Kenicsberr.,  an  honorable  family  man, 

a  scholar,  and  an  active  businessman.  -h 

The  representative  of  the  Courier  on  the  Ilorthv/est  Side  believes  in  impartiality  cj 
and  punctuality.  He  promises  to  investicate  all  reports,  before  they  leave      ^^ 
the  branch  office  for  the  :::ain  office  at  1214  South  Kalsted  Street.  Ke  in- 
vites the  representatives  of  all  elei.ents  and  groups  of  the  IJorthv/est  Side 
Jev:ish  population  to  visit  him  in  his  office  for  a  closer  acq.uaintanceship,  ivith 

II  B  2  d    (1)  -  3  -  JBV/ISH 

III  3  5  a 

II  D  10  Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,   Dec.   1,    1S18. 


III  I-      the  ^ronise,  that  all  their  r::ood-intentioncd  and  important  under- 
Ill  H     takings — liberal  or  conservative — v/ill  receive  from  hin  all  necessary 
attention  and  support,  through  the  Courier, 

In  short,  the  Courier  v/ill  do  as  nuch  for  the  Korthv:est  Side  Jev/ish  social  life 
as  it  does  for  other  parts  of  the  city. 

If  matters  of  concern  to  t:ie  general  public  on  the  northv;est  Side  v;ere  either  ^ 

entirely  neglected  or  improperly  carried  out,  it  7;as  because  the  Jev;s  there  f= 

lacked  a  direct  connection  v;ith  the  Courier.  ITov;  they  have  this  connection.  £J 

Institutions  on  the  verge  of  decay  villi   be  revived;  the  flourishing  ones  r/ill  ^ 
flourish  still  more  and  nei7,  iiiiportant  ones  v:ill  be  founded. 

Jewish  leaders  of  the  liorthsidel  If  you  cannot  pay  a  personal  visit  to  3^our 
branch  office  of  the  Courier  to  have  a  talk  v:ith  Lr.  Kenigsberg,  do  so  over 
the  telephone,  Hu:.iboldt  7510.  Also,  all  those  v;ho  knov;  of  an  important  hap- 
pening or  any  other  item  of  nev/s  value,  are  invited  tc  report  it  at  once  to 
llr.  ICenigsberg.  Tlie  nev;  branch  has  tiie  services  of  the  pen  of  Ljt,  IZenigsber 


II  B  S  d    (1)  -  4  -  J3-;i5II 

III  B  5  a 

II  D  10  Daily  Jev7ish  Courier,    Dec.   1,   1918* 


III  E  and  of  other  reporters, 


Tlie  Courier  strives  for  iinproverrient  not  only  for  financial  reasons. 
It  has  the  -i^crycnal  satisfaction   of  Icnov/inc  that  the  Yiddish  reader  finds 
rich  and  instructive  naterial,   as  well  as  the  latest  nev;s  iteiis.      It,   there- 
fore,  concratulates  the  ITorthv/est  oide  Jev;s  on  the  openinc  of  their  nev; 
branch  office,   and  hopes  to  see  them,    their  institutions,   and  their  nover-ents 
reach  a  higher  standard  and  have  a  voider  scope. 

Ilanuccah  Sunday  is  for  Palestine 

-p  +> 



Today  is  Zionist  71ac  Day.  Several  hundred  younc  Jerrish  cirls  v;ill  narch  in- 
to the  streets  to  sell  niniature,  beautiful  Zion  flac's  for  the  benefit  of  the 
Jev/ish  National  Pu.nd;  our  fair  sex  v;ill  stop  every  passer-by  to  pin  on  then      S< 
the  flac  of  white  and  blue,  and  \/ill  expect  a  nickel,  dime  or  cuarter  for  it. 
Don't  refuse  then,  cive  as  nuch  as  you  can* 

Hanuccah  is  a  holiday  in  v:hich  v/e  celebrate  the  national  av;aiceninp.  Oi.  tne 


B  3 


II  : 

3  10 


II  B  2   d  (1)  -  5  -  mJlSE 

Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  Dec.  1,  1918. 

III  Z       Je;;s  durin/;:  the  tine  of  the  I'accabees.  In  such  a  tine,  the 

III  H   conscientious  Jew  rei!:enberi:  that  he  also  is  a  menbcr  of  a  nation  which 

at  one  ti.^^e  ov;ned  its  ov;n  soil,  spoke  its  ov;n  lancua^-e,  and  conducted 
its  oivn  policies. 

The  rreat  v;orlc  upheaval  gave  us  tack  our  country.  It  is  obvious  that  the 
redemption  is  here.  Palestine  av;aits  v;ith  open  anas  to  embrace  its  exiled 

Bear  in  mind,  that  every  cent  now  C-Oi^C  "to  Palestine  is  for  bread  for  the 
Jews  there.  7;;ork  is  beinr  created  for  then  on  the  farns  and  plantations,  and 
industries  are  developed  by  it. 

The  National  Fund  is  not  an  ordinary  alnsbo::,  but  a  ''purpose  box".  'This  fund 
is  to  be  used  not  merely  to  still  the  huncer  of  the  individual,  but  to  create 
a  fund  for  public  institutions,  to  buy  r;round  in  Palestine  and  populate  it 
v;ith  Jews  to  work  it  and  enjoy  their  labor;  the  soil  can  never  be  resold  for 

II  B  2  d  (1)  .  6  .  je:;isk 

III  B  3  a  

II  D  10  Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,    Dec.   1,    1918. 


III  ^  it  belon/-s  to  tLe  entire  Jev;ish  nation. 

Ill  H 

As  you  see,  the  c^ireatness  of  the  National  ?und  is  not  ificrely 
tenporary,  but  pennanent.  There  fore,  buy  the  flag  '.vith  affection,  and  pay 
for  it  generously.  Support  the  already  founded  institutions  and  create  nev/ 

^eor^'anization  of  Younc  Judea  Club^s]/^ 


The  Younc  J^udea  clubs  of  Chicago  are  beinc  reor'-anized.   In  order  to  ^ive 

them  real  importance,  they  must  have  callable  leaders.  For  this  purpose,  it      g 

?7as  arranged  xvith  Mr.  P.  Hudens,  a  capable  and  experienced  teacher,  to  cive 

instruction  to  those  v;ho  '.vill  undertake  to  direct  the  clubs.   The  directors 

are  required  to  have  a  hich-school  education,  and  a  profound  icnov/ledge  of  the    c? 


The  function  of  the  Younf-  Judea  clubs  is  to  rive  a  national  Jev/ish  education 


II  3  2  d    (1)  -   7   -  JS'VISII 

.  Ill  3  5  a 

II  D  IC  Daily  Je:;ish  Courier >   Dec.   1,    1918. 


III  E       to  our  joys  and  g-^Is  vrho  did  not  have  it  v/hen  they  v;ere  small. 
Ill  H    A  noble  v/orkj  It  brings  bad:  tc  the  Jevash  people  the  past,  vand 

their  hearts  f:lov/  v;ith  affection  at  the  nation's  present  tasks  and 
strivinr.s  for  the  future. 

To  direct  the  Younr  Judea  clubs  c-^sts  iioney,  and  it  is  tiie  duty  of  every  real 
Jew  to  heir)  the  clubs  to  function. 



4-  .  , 


II  B  2  d  (1) 


IV  Daily  Jeylsh  Courier.  Oct,  1,  1918, 



Mr*  Harry  Lipsky,  manager  of  the  Jewish  Courier*  'p^ 

My  dear  Mr.  Lipsky:  Permit  me  to  congratulate  you,  the  readers  of  your  S 
newspaper  ,  and  all  the  Jews  of  Chicago  for  the  great  achievement  in  obtaining  £ 
the  services  of  Dr.  S.  K.  Melamed  as  chief  editor  of  the  Courier.  ^ 

Perhaps  I  am  in  a  better  position  to  appraise  the  value  of  Dr.  Melamed  than 
any  other  Jewish  reader,  because  I  have  followed  Dr.  Melamed's  career  of 
philosopher  and  publicist  since  his  appearance  in  the  Jewish  neighborhood.  I 
have  read  his  works  in  more  than  one  language,  and  had  a  worth-while  visit 
at  his  home  in  London  in  1914;* 

I  have  always  admired  Dr.  Melamed* s  literary  vigor  and  philosophical  intelli- 
gence. Dr.  Melamed  is  one  of  the  few  Jewish  writers  who  have  a  historical 

II  B  8  d  (1)  .  2  -  JTHJSE 

TT  Dally  Jewish  Courier,  Oct*  1,  1918* 

conception  about  Jewish  life,   who  have  studied  and  \inderstand  Jewish  history, 
and  who  are  In  a  position  to  compare  the  events  of  Jewish  history  with  the 
history  of  other  nations*  Dr*  Melamed  has  lived  in  many  countries,  has  studl 
the  literature  of  many  nations,  and  uses  it  all  in  the  field  of  Yiddish-* 
Hebrew  endeavor* 

Notwithstanding  his  knowledge  and  views  as  a  philosopher,  Dr«  Melamed  devotes  ^ 
himself  to  the  work  of  publicist  and  journalist,  and  for  the  last  few  years  o 
we  have  read  his  opinion  about  all  questions  concerning  Jewish  life  in  various  ^ 
co\intries*  Dr*  Melamed  is  not  an  academician  who  hides  himself  in  a  corner 
amidst  old  books,  he  is  a  writer  full  of  life,  he  connects  body  and  soul,  and 
uses  his  historical  information  in  explaining  daily  occurrences* 

I  must  confess,  that  I  did  not  agree  with  Dr.  Melamed  in  all  the  subjects  which 

II  B  2  d  (1)  .  3  -  JEinSH 


Vr  Dally  Jewish  Coxirier,  Oct.  1,  1918. 

he  touched  upon*  Neyertheless,  I  always  have  had  the  highest  respect  for  his 
ideas  and  sincerity. 

Concerning  his  style  of  writing, it  can  be  said  that  he  is  magnetic.  When  ^ 
you  begin  to  read  an  article  of  his,  whether  it  be  written  in  Hebrew^  Tiddlshi^ 
English,  or  German,  you  do  not  wish  to  stop  reading  it  until  you  have  finishedir^ 
His  style  is  slightly  flavored  with  humor,  and  his  vocabulary  is  inexhaustiblef^ 
he  alway^sfinds  the  proper  words  for  his  thoughts. 




It  is  impossible  to  enumerate  Dr.  Melamed*s  qualifications  in  a  short  letter,  f^ 
1   only  want  to  relate  that^  in  a  conversation  with  a  doctor  last  week,  he  told^ 
me  that  he  cannot  thank  me  enough  for  the  favor  I  have  shown  him  in  enlisting 
him  into  the  ranks  of  subscribers  to  the  American  Jewish  Chronicle^  because  he 
believes  that  it  is  the  best  reading  matter  that  he  has  had  in  the  last  twenty- 
five  years.  Hundreds  of  readers  of  the  American  Jewish  Chronicle  read  every 
article  of  that  publication.  The  truth  of  the  matter  is  that  the  American 
Jewish  Chronicle^  which  Dr.  Melamed  has  founded  and  edited,  is  the  best  Jewish- 


II  B  2  d  (1)  -  4  -  JEWISH 


IT  Daily  Jewish  Co\iriar^  Oct#  1,  1918« 

English  periodical  that  we  ever  had« 

In  view  of  the  above-mentioned  facts,  I  am  taking  this  opportunity  to  ^^ 
congratulate  you  and  your  readers  for  the  great  achievement  in  sectiring  the^ 
services  of  Dr«  Melamed  as  editor  in  chief  of  the  Courier^  I  trust  that  we  .^ 
shall  appreciate  Dr«  Melamed,  and  that  he  will  do  for  Jewish  Chicago  as  '  - 
much  as  he  did  for  Jewish  New  York,  and  that  he  will  help  us  in  all  our  im-  \ 
port€Uit  tuidertakings«  > 

Devotedly  yours, 
km   Levinson« 


II  B  2  d  (1) 




The  Heform  Advocate,  Vol.  55,  Wk.  of  July  20,  1918.  p. 565. 

Mr.  J.  B.  Loebner,  formerly  managing  editor  of  the  Weekly  Jewish  He  cord.  , 
has  accepted  the  position  of  associate  editor  of  the  Daily  Jewish  Courier. 

Mr.  Loehner  has  achieved  a  reputation  as  a  critic  and  a  puhlicist,  contri- 
buting to  various  Jewish  papers.  Many  of  his  articles  have  "been  translated 
and  published  in  the  English  press. 


■  - . " 

f   ■ 




II  B  2  d  (1) 


IV  (Polish) 

Daily  Jewish  Courier >  June  21,  1918, 



A  luncheon  was  given  yesterday  afternoon  in  the  La  Salle  Hotel  in  honor  of 
hlr.   Louis  N.  Hammerling,  president  of  the  Foreign-Language  Newspaper  Associa- 
tion of  America.  Publishers  and  editors  of  the  foreign-language  newspapers 
in  Chicago,  and  Americans  prominent  in  various  fields,  over  a  hundred  in 
number,  attended  the  luncheon.  The  luncheon  was  given  on  the  occasion  of  the 
tenth  anniversary  of  the  Association.  Llr»  Hammerling  has  been  at  the  head  of 
the  organization  since  it  was  founded* 

The  speakers  at  the  luncheon  were:  Mr.  Merrick,  of  the  National  Security 
League;  United  States  District  Attorney  Klein;  Mr.  Schtreckman,  of  the 
Liberty  Loan  Committee  of  the  Seventh  Federal  Reserve  District;  LIr.  Gerringer 
and  ^Ir*  Palandeck.  They  all  praised  Mr.  Hammerling  for  his  brilliemt  leader- 
ship of  the  Association  and  for  his  patriotism  as  v/ell  as  the  patriotism  shovm 
by  the  foreign-language  nevjspapers  of  America. 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JaVJISH 


IV  (Polish)        Daily  Jevash  Courier,  June  21,  1918. 

The  last  speaker  was  Mr.  Hammerling  himself.  He  thanked  those  present  for 
the  friendship  and  support  which  they  had  given  hiiri.  And  with  his  usual  en- 
thusiasm and  candor,  he  assured  them  that  in  the  future  as  in  the  past,  he 
would  fulfill  his  obligations  as  an  Merican  patriot  and  conscientious 

The  publishers  and  editors  present  also  passed  a  resolution  expressing  their 
loyalty  to  America  and  assuring  President  Wilson  that  they  would  support  him 
in  every  undertaking  to  help  win  the  v/ar  against  militarism  and  autocracy. 

The  resolution  was  drawn  up  by  the  committee  which  arranged  the  luncheon. 
John  F.   Sraulski,  Harry  A.  Lipsky,  V.  Gerringer,  Hector  Durande,  Peter  Lambroz, 
Alexander  Johnson,  John  R.  Palandeck,  and  Reverend  Francis  Gordon  were  members 
of  the  caranittee. 

The  luncheon  in  Chicago  is  one  of  a  series  of  luncheons  that  is  being  given  in 
honor  of  Mr.  Hammerling  in  several  large  American  cities.  Being  a  national 

II  B  2  d  (1) 


IV  (Polish) 

-  3  - 


Daily  Jewish  Courier,  June  21,  1918 • 

figure  in  this  country,  he  has  met  many  people,  outside  of  the  publishing 
field,  such  as  prominent  American  businessmen  and  high  public  officials  who 
know  him  because  in  the  newspaper  world  of  this  country,  he  has  done  such  fine 
work  for  the  foreigners* 

<  f 

II  B  2  d  (1)  JEVffSH 

III  B  1 

III  A  Daily  Jav/ish  Courier,   June  19,   1918. 

I  G 

IV  3j\b/.tii  tax2!:s  II?  caibj:  of 

Tf   (Bohemian)  FGK3iaN-I^U\^GUACrE  LI3;'/3R\Fii]R3  • 

The  proposal  to  suppress  the  navspapers  of  this  countiy  that  are  printed  in 
foreign  languages  on  the  ground  that  no  faith  can  be  placed  in  their  loyalty 
to  America,  brought  forth  many  protests  from  prominent  people  and  national 
leaders  who  are  well  acquainted  with  the  I'oreign- language  newspapers  and  are 
convinced  of  their  loyalty. 

In  V/ashington,  Gongressnan  Adolph  J.  Sabath  represents  a  district  that  v/as 
virtually  settled  by  foreigners •  He  knows  how  loyal  these  people,  as  well 
as  their  compatriots  in  other  parts  of  the  country,  are  to  America,  an  attitude 
that  is  reflected  in  the  newspapers  that  are  printed  in  their  tongue,  and 
which  they  read.  He  therefore  had  a  conference  in  l7ashington  recently  with 
the  Honorable  George  Ci^eel,  chairman  of  the  Committee  on  Public  Information, 
to  discuss  this  question,  llr.   Creel  requested  the  Congressman  to  submit  in 

II  B  2  d   (1)  -  2  -                                                                 JEI7ISII 

III  B  1 

III  A  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  June  19,  1918. 
I  G 
TV  writing  the  reasons  he  had  for  asking  that  the  nev/spapers  in 

IV  (Bohemian)  question  should  not  be  suppressed*  Here  is  the  contents  of  a 

letter  that  Llr.  Sabath  later  sent  in  on  this  question: 

*1.Iy  attention  has  been  called  to  tba  attempt  being  made  to  suppress  the  neivs- 
papers,  magazines,  and  books  printed  in  foreign  languages. 

'♦The  number  of  foreigners  who  read  only  in  their  own  language  is,  with  certain 
reservations,  approximately  four  or  five  millions  of  people.  Unfortunately, 
the  nature  of  their  work  is  such  that  although  they  may,  v/ith  great  hard- 
ship, try  to  learn  to  speak  ::i;nglish,  they  can  never  learn  to  read  or  write 
English.  To  clarify  for  them  the  purpose  of  this  war  which  v/e  are  carrying 
on  against  a  brutal  enemy,  to  familiarize  theia  with  the  democratic  spirit  of 
our  government,  and  to  teach  them  how  highly  important  it  is  that  everyone 
here  should  be  patriotic,  we  not  only  dare  not  suppress  their  newspapers,  but 
we  must  encourage  them,  since  they  are  the  only  means  of  propagandizing  among 
the  foreigners. 

II  B  2  d   (1)  -  3  -  JEV/ISH 

III  B  1 

III  A  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  June  19,  1S18« 
I  G 

IV  "The  newspaper  in  the  foreign  language  is  the  only  means  by 
17   (Bohei::ian)  which  v;e  can  inform  them  of  all  the  disastrous  incidents  which 

talze  place  today.  The  people  who  do  the  great  .vorlc  in  our 
mines,  factories,  iiills,  plants,  and  other  similar  establishraents,  could  never 
give  such  wholehearted  support  to  the  government's  preparations  to  win  the 
war,  if  they  did  not  read  their  newspapers  v/hich  rouse  them  to  their  duty  and 
obligation  to  the  land  in  which  they  live;  thus  the  v/orkers  work  with  greater 
diligence  and  we,  directly  and  indirectly,  benefit  thereby. 

"Personally,  I  am  able  to  read  newspapers  in  the  Bohemian,  Polish,  Slavic, 
Jevjish,  and  Gear.ian  languages.  And  for  the  last  six  months,  I  have  derived 
.r.reat  pleasure  from  following  the  strong  appeals  that  they  print  daily  to 
help  the  government  in  all  its  undertakings. 

"I  believe  that  it  would  be  an  unl*orgivable  .  mistake  to  suppress  any  one  of 
the  foreign  nev/spapers  at  this  time.  I  believe  that  such  a  step  would  be 
directly  in  opposition  to  our  present  national  needs,  and  would  be  a  great 


II  B  2  d  (1)  '  .  4  .'  £272^ 

III  B  1 

III  A  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  June  19,  1918. 

I  G 

IV  loss  to  our^best  interests.  I  believe  that  the  newspapers  in 
IV  (Boheiiian)  the  Toreisn  langua^^es  prevented  hostile  croups  iTom  spreading 

hatred  for  governirient  enterprises.  I  urge  therefore,  v/ith  all 
my  heart,  that,  for  the  reasons  enuiaeruted  aoove,  the  nev;spapers  in  question 
shoTild  be  left  alone. 

"Instead  of  being  restricted,  they  should  be  encouraged  and  praised  so  that 
they  may  continue  their  patriotic  instruction. 

"Respectfully  yours, 

"A.  J.  Sabath." 

Concressnan  Sabath  is  prepared  to  fisht  in  Con<::ress  any  bill  tiiat  will  be 
proposed  for  the  suppression  of  foreicn-language  newspapers.  He  also  knows 
that  such  a  bill,  if  passed,  will  particularly  harm  the  Jewish  press  in 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  5  -  J:^:a3H 

III  B  1 

III  A  Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  June  19,  1918. 
I  G 

rv  America,  and  the  spiritual  sustenance  of  the  Jewish  reader 

IV  (Boheraian)  ;vill  be  ta]:en  av;ay. 

He  expresses  his  hope,  however,  that  such  a  thing  will  never  happen.  Never- 
theless he  is  already  busy  winning  other  congressuen  and  senators  to  his  side 
so  that,  if  such  a  bill  is  proposed,  it  ;vill  be  voted  down. 

Sx-president  Theodore  Roosevelt  and  the  head  of  the  national  Security/  League 
are  among  those  v/ho  want  the  newspapers  in  foreign  tongues  to  be  suppressed. 
They  v;ant  only  jlnglish  spoken  and  v/ritten  in  America. 



II  B  8  d  (1)  JEiOSH 

I  G 

Dally  Jewish  Courier,  June  17,  1918. 


All  the  details  of  the  work  being  done  in  Washington  in  behcLLf  of  our  boys 
who  are  **over  there"  helping  to  win  the  war  against  the  world* s  foe,  Germany, 
will  be  announced  for  the  readers  of  the  Courier  once  a  week.  This  news  will 
appear  under  the  above-mentioned  caption.  The  first  installment  will  appear 
tomorrow  on  this  page,  translator's  note:  No  caption  is  given  here;  however, 
in  the  succeeding  issue,  the  caption  appears  as  ''What  Our  Government  Is  Doing 
if'or  The  Countryjy  • 

II  B  2  (1   (1)  JuSWISII 


I  G  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  June  17,  1918. 


irSLLO,   RE;a}3RS  OF  Tffi:  COURIER! 

J.  Leibner 

I^m  beginning  my  v;ork  as  associate  editor  of  the  Courier,  I  vi?ish  to  say  to  all 
of  you  that  I  realize  iny  responsibilities  in  this  capacity,  and  that  I  hold 
in  great  esteem  the  honor  v/hich  the  publisher  of  this  neivspaper  has  accorded 

I  did  not  come  here  to  install  new  policies,  to  collect  debts,  or  to  do  any- 
one a  favor.  I  came  here  for  the  mutual  interests  of  myself  and  the  Courier — 
v/hich  means  also  the  interests  of  the  reader.  I  came  here  to  make  the  Courier 
a  better,  finer,  and  richer  newspaper  both  in  content  and  significance. 


I  have  been  a  journalist  since  my  youth.  I  have  always  been  active  and  have 
often  joined  in  the  demands  made  by  Jewish  interests  in  every  aspect  of  human 
endeavor,  both  through  the  periodicals  to  which  I  contributed  and  through  the 

II  B  2  d   (1)  -  2  -  J^IYISH 


I  G  Daily  Jev/ish  Cou3.''ier,   June  17,   1918. 


organizations  with  which  I  ;vas  connocted.  Tlius  I  obtained  a  broad  per- 
sonal acquaintanceship  v;ith  prominent  people,  and  generally  gained  valuable 
ideas  not  only  pertaining  to  Chicago,  but  to  other  parts  of  the  country  as 
well.  The  advantages  thus  gained  I  will  gladly  share  with  the  readers  of  the 
Courier  through  my  articles. 

The  present  V7orld  V/ar  causes  many  changes,  in  business,  in- politics,  and  in 
social  conditions.  It  will  be  my  task  to  observe  these  events,  and  to  dis- 
cern where  and  how  they  affect  the  interests  of  the  readers  and  the  advertisers, 
then  to  state  the  facts  as  they  are.  I  shall  discuss  problems  as  impartially 
as  possible  and  will  fight  for  all  that  is  just. 

As  a  journalist,  I  wish  to  say  modestly, that  I  am  very  well  known  to  the  local 
Jewry,  I  an  also  known  to  non-Jev;s.  I  know  everyone,  and  ever^^'oiB  knows  me. 
I  knav  all  institutions  and  organizations  from  the  ground  up;  I  knovi  what 
they  have  and  what  they  lack.  I  kna^v  their  usefulness  and  their  shortcomings, 

J  mi 

II  B  2  d   (1)  -  3  -  JSinSri 


I  G  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  June  17,  1918. 


They  shall  all  receive  ny  due  consideration. 

I  believe  in  encou3?aging  and  helping  every  worthy  undertaking.  I  v/ish  to  see 
the  businessmen  more  successful,  and  the  workers  more  satisfied.  I  shall 
agitate  for  the  observance  of  the  sacred  traditions  and  high  ideals  of  the 
Jewish  nation;  and  I  v;ill  seek  to  effect  a  better  understanding  between  our 
various  elements  so  that  opinions  shall  be  respected  and  principles  shall  not 
be  attacked  with  insults  and  threats • 

Henceforth  I  shall  dedicate  my  loyalty,  time,  energy,  experience,  as  well  as 
my  pen,  to  the  Courier.  I  shall  serve  no  one  group,  but  rather  v/ork  for  the 
"benefit  of  all.  It  is  therefore  in  place,  here,  to  unite  eveiyone  in  our 
community  to  consider  me  as  their  friend,  and  to  assure  them  that  their  voices 
will  be  heard  and  their  opinions  v^ill  receive  their  due  place. 

A  new  life,  a  nev/  interest  in  the  Jewish  community,  is  approaching.  My  pro- 
fession, as  a  journalist,  compelled  me  to  take  an  interest  in  every  department 

II  B  2  d   (1)  -  4  -  Jlii'TISH 


I  G  Daily  Jewish  Courier >  June  17,  1918. 


of  the  publishing  business.  I  know  everjrthinG,  Tron  the  xvhere  and  how 
of  getting  nev/s,  to  the  distribution  of  ths  newspapers  to  the  nev^sstands.  I 
have  studied  and  analyzed  the  latest  and  best  methods  in  the  non-Jev/ish  news- 
paper v/orld,  methods  that  make  possible  the  utilization  of  each  department 
to  the  greatest  extent. 

I  am  not  a  stranger  to  the  Courier.  I  .vorked  here  for  almost  six  years.  Since 
I  left,  it  has  grovm  to  be  one  of  the  biggest  Jewish  industries  in  the  country < 
It  ranks  vriLth  the  most  successful  of  our  nev/spapers;  in  its  circulation  it 
includes  Jev/ish  Chicago  and  most  of  the  cities  of  the  I7est;  it  is  the  highest 
Jewish  platform  in  this  part  of  Aiaerica  and  its  voice  resounds  every^^here.  I 
know  all  this;  and  because  I  laiow  it,  I  shall  consider  my  task  even  more 
sacred  as  long  as  I  am  working  for  the  Courier. 

I  do  believe  that  this  newsDaper,  even  though  it  is  a  Jewish  nev/spaper,  should 
also  deal  v/ith  /problems  of^"  general  interest.  Don*t  forget  that  besides 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  June  17,  1918. 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  5  -  JSCTSH 

I  G 

being  Jews  we  are  also  Americ€in  Jewish  citizens,  citizens  of  a  glorious 
republic—America  I  As  such,  we  hava  other  duties  as  well*  I  shall  write 
about  all  of  this.  I  only  beg  (of  my  readers)  a  little  patience.  My  heart 
is  in  my  v/ork,  and  my  solo  aim  is  to  make  myself  worthy  of  my  profession  as 
a  writer  in  the  Courier — the  newspaper  of  and  for  Chicago. 

II  B  2  d  (1)  JEWISH 


Sunday  Jewish  Courier,  June  15,  1918. 


After  an  absence  of  about  ten  years,  Lir.  Jay  Leibner  has  returned  to  the 
Courier  as  a  co-worker  on  the  editorial  staff.  iJr.  Leibner  is  one  of  the  best 
known  men  in  Jewish  newspaper  circles.  He  lias  an  eye  for  local  interests  and 
knows  how  best  to  present  such  material  to  the  public. 

lir.  Leibner  knows  Jewish  Chicago  and  its  institutions  very  well,  and  his  re- 
turn to  the  Courier  will,  without  doubt,  prove  to  be  to  the  best  interests  of 
the  Chicago  public.  His  first  article  will  appear  tomorrow. 

II  B  3  d    (1) 


Daily  Je^/isli  Courier,   Jun^  10,   1913. 

( rid  vert  ise::i3nt) 

.wherever  you  nay     o  on  your  vacatiorr  thin   sa^uner — to   the   seasiiore,    to   die 
inountains,   or  to  a  auiet  oe^iceAil    /ouatry  place — see  to   it  that  your   paper, 
the  Courier,    is  delivered   to  "ou  every  day  that  vou  Goend   there.     You   <.ill 
feel  loneso-ie  and   cut   off  fro;;,  vour  hoine  vathout  \' jur   na-jer. 

*^®  '^Q^^JQ^  is  seat  out  on  the  early    :orni  i:r  trains,   and   is  delivered  in 
most  of  the  sujrciier  resorts  of  :.  iciii-:an  and  .;isconr>in  on  the  same  da:/.      -© 
v\/ill  send  the  Courier  to  you  daily  to   '-niy  place  you  ..Ish  for  only  thirty  cents 
a  month,    ^~>ayabl8   in  advance. 

II  I-  S  d  (1) 


Daily  Jevdoh  Courier,  June  10,  1918. 

I.lail  us  your  remittance  for  the  sur.i;;ier  subscription,  in  sta.ips,  or  brin-:it  in 
to  our  office. 

Dail-"  Jev.ish  Courier 

1214-  oouth  i.'alsted  Jtroet 

Chicac^o,  Illinois 




II  B  2  d  (1) 




The  Sentinel,  Wk.  of  March  8,  I9I8.  Vols.  29-3O,  p.lS, 

3.   B.  Loehner  is  the  editor  and  general  manager  of  the  Jewish  Records 

He  has  achieved  a  great  reputation  as  hoth  a  critic  and  publicist  and  many 

of  his  articles  have  heen  translated  and  published  In  the  English  press. 

Mr.  Loebner  was  bom  In  Bomanla  and  when  only  seventeen  became  editor  of  a 
native  humorous  magazine*  Seventeen  years  ago  he  emigrated  to  this  countiy 
and  for  five  years  served  as  city  editor  of  the  Jewish  Courier.  In  I909  he 
and  Leon  Zolotkoff  began  to  edit  the  Jewish  Record.  Incidentally,  Mr.  Loeb- 
ner has  done  considerable  work  toward  the  furtherance  of  the  Progressive 


II  B  2  d  (1) 




**'*'  ■, 

The  Sentinel t  Wk.  of  March  8,  V^\Z.   Vols,  29-30*  p.  18, 


The  Jewish  Hecord  occupies  an  xinasual  position  In  Its  field.  It  Is  a      ^^ 
weekly  newspaper,  printed  In  Yiddish,  and  is  the  leading  literary  publica- 
tion In  that  language  In  the  West,  !•  Shapiro,  commissioner  and  secretary 
of  the  West  Park  Board,  Is  the  publisher. 

Its  regular  contributors  Include  K.  Marraor,  editor  of  the  Chicago  Dally 
World;  Dr.  Uorrls  Helnhart;  S,  Qreenblau,  formerly  editor  of  the  Dally 
Jewish  Press;  Israel  Blum,  the  poet;  Dr.  Israel  Marcus;  J.  M.  Wolfsohn, 
formerly,  editor  of  the  Dally  Jewish  Courier:  Eoman  0.  Lewis,  and  S.  H. 
Album,  the  foremost  orthodox  rabbi  In  Chicago. 


11   2   2  6.   (1) 


^l  4  •■^  ■ 

The  Daily  >^orld,  Janupry  8,  1918 

THE  COU-RIEH'S  ?QG?C:;S  C:!  jr:S.   (Sditorirl.) 

Several  of  our  reocers  ^ill  perhrps  wonder  anrrily  v/hy  ^ve  continuplly  brin^ 
to  their  attention  the  existence  of  the  Courier.   They  must  not  for^^et  thr-t 
the  reactionary  elements  in  Je^-^ish  life  rre  rich  in  material  resources  and 
are  ahle  to  publish  a  paper  even  thouf;:h  it  iif.  respised  "by   the  Jerish  masses. 
The  Je^vish  Press  actually  exists  in  Chica^^o,  edited  by  Abe  lieblir^,  and  the 
Courier  bv  Leon  Zolof'ioff.  Both  are  "t)a.triots"  end.   "-oro-^^r"  until  the  end* 
The  difference  betv/een  them  is  that  the  Courier  has  the  power  to  h^.n^notize 
the  Jewish  nas'^es  in  tirie  of  election* 

The  Courier  controls  the  Vad  Hara.bonin  (organized  ra'^-bis),  the  Central  Helief 
for  war  victims,  the  Marks  ITathan  Hone,  and  oth<=r  ch?  ritahie  institutions, 
Hebre^v  schools,  presidents  of  the  synagof.-ues ,  e.nd    the  entire  Zionist  m.ovenent 
of  Chica-TO.   The  Courier  takes  advantav^'e  of  these  ora-anizations  for  its  politi- 
cal, financial,  and  "social"  purposes* 

The  Courier  recently  made  a.  sandv;ich  of  Jack  Loeb's  Christmas-Zionism  end 
"war  until  the  end  patriotism.."   It  reiterates  all  the  reactionary  editorials 

II  3  2  d  (1) 

I  E 

_  n  _ 



The  Drily  '"or Id,  JanuuTy  8,  191 

from  the  caoitalist  press  and  disguises  its  vile  :"orm  under  the  blue-white 
"banner  of  Zionism. 

The  Courier  is  a  brd  actor  s^nd  only  ir'iots  "believe  its?  "pr>triotism,*'  "Juda^- 
isn,"  and  "Zionism."   It  has  greater  success  in  the  role  of  a  Purim  actor 
thpn  by  declarin*^  thpt  its  Zionists  do  not  recognize  the  government  of  Trot- 
sky  s-nd   Lenin  anc?  they  did  so  on  the  sane  day  thnt  mir2;hty  Enf^land  hinted 
that  she  Trill  reco/^nize  then. 

The  Courier  i?  a  rrepter  crip  .le  vrhen  it  'vants  to  tlirow  a  stone  at  the 
Socialists  in  aji  indirect  manner.  Bein^  in  constant  fear  that  the  Jewish 
Socirlists  \7ill  succeed  in  terrin-^;  off  its  mask  of  "American  Patriotism," 
"Jewish  Social  ^ork,"  and  "Zionism,"  the  Courier,  t;iereforo,  seeks  to  dis- 
credit the  Jewish  Socialists,  who  vrant  to  clean;^e  the  Je^vry  of  Chica:P*o  from 
the  ola/me  from  which  it  wishes  to  become  free.   The  Courier  is  too  much 
of  a  cowarcl  to  Dublicly  attack  the  onranized  Jewish  Labor  of 
Chica^r:o,  so  it  seelcs  to  discredit  it  indirectly  by  spreading  false  rumors 
about  it'^  comrades. 

*     II  B  2  d  (1) 


The  World,  October  22,  I9I7. 

^■'^')  PROJ.  3Q2?i, 

The  conference  for  a  dally  la1)or  periodical  in  Chicctgo  that  finally  real-* 
ized  the  old  dream  "by  publishing  The  World >  at  a  meeting  yesterday,  held 
in  the  lAiited  Hebrew  Trades  Hall,  IIU5  Blue  Island  avenue,  terminated  that 
gloxlous  chapter  of  its  work,  by  creating  the  Jewish  Socialist  Publishing 

The  Jewish  Socialist  Publishing  Association  is  an  organization  of  repre- 
sentatives from  three  sections  of  the  Jewish  labor  movement  in  Chicago  - 
Socialist  branches,  trade  unions,  and  the  Worlcmen's  Circle,  and  this  asso- 
ciation has  now  officially  taken  the  paper  under  its  control,  guaranteeing 
its  success  by  that  great  undertaking*  After  adopting  the  constitution, 
stating  that  every  Socialist  or  Progressive  organization  may  become  a  mem- 
ber of  that  body,  the  association  immediately  took  up  the  question  ae  how 
to  enlarge  The  World  to  meet  the  great  demand  of  the  masse s»  It  was 
tuiderstood  that  above  all*  it  is  important  that  our  paper  shall  possess 
its  own  press,  so  that  it  should  not  be  printed  some  where  else,  which 
creates  considerable  difficulties  in  publishing  the  newspaper  in  regular 

k   .    .'^  ^  ^    ■  .   -  .       _  '--^■i.'^ij- Jli-^S.' jl_-,■•J?i.Jll.^"i?.1.^«lJt; 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEWISH 

MfPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  30275 
The  World,  October  22,  1917# 

time*  Tor  this  purpose,  the  association  determined  to  Issue  loan  certifi- 
cates at  five  dollars  and  higher,  for  a  general  fund  of  $5,000#00  - 

The  Jewish  Socialist  Publishing  Association  expects  all  workers  and  organi- 
zations that  are  in  oynpathy  with  the  workers,  as  well  as  individual  per- 
sons, to  participate  in  the  loan  and  help  further  the  success  of  The  Worlds 
The  certificates  can  he  redeemed  within  one  year  after  its  Issuance,  i*e« 
the  association  borrows  $5,000  from  the  friends  of  The  World  for  only 
twelve  months  time  and  then  everybody  will  receive  his  or  her  money  back 
for  the  certificates  at  maturity • 

The  following  were  elected  officers  of  the  association:  Hyman  Schneidt 
president;  Sam  Diamond,  secretary-treasurer;  H,  Snyderman,  recording  sec- 
retary, and  I«  Sllverstein,  sergeant  at  arms.  Members  of  the  ctdminlstra- 
tlve  council  are:  E»  Witt,  U*  Lemer,  A.  Stem,  I*  Blumen,  A.  Alport,  and 
L«  Hanock* 

II  B  2  d  (1)  JEWISH 

^VPA  (ILL)  PRO.;  ^0275 
The  World.  Octoter  17,  1917, 


The  Jewish  Courier  moves  convulsively  In  despair;  It  sees  and  feels  that 
Its  reactionary  doctrlnest  In  the  Jewish  districts,  comes  to  a  quick  ending* 
In  the  course  of  three  days,  the  fact  Is  affirmed  that  the  readers  of  the 
Courier  will  cease  reading  It  as  soon  as  a  new  dally  newspaper  Is  published* 
The  World  has  coinpletely  demonstrated  It* 

Thousands  of  readers  of  the  Courier  of  yesterday  are  readers  of  the  World 
today*  This  hurts  the  owners  of  the  Courier  and  they  seek  to  terrorize  the 
advertisers  and  the  standkeepers*  They  have  also  attempted  to  write 
warnings  to  the  printers*  union,  against  the  publishers  of  the  World.  The 
great  success  of  the  first  two  ntunbers  of  the  World  was  surpassed  by  our 
third  number  and  the  burning  wrath  of  the  publishers  of  the  Courier  also 
ascended  In  proportion*  They  actually  lost  all  patience;  they  threatened 
the  standkeepers  by  saying  that  they  would  post  news-boys  at  the  stands 
and  drive  them  out  of  business  If  they  keep  the  World* 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEWISH 

I  C 

The  World.  October  I7,  1917, 


The  tnith,  however ,  is  that  the  standkeepers  cannot  be  involred;  they  are 
merely  workers  seeking  a  livelihood  1^  selling  papers  that  the  public  de- 
mands and  the  public  now  demands  the  World*  The  owners  of  the  Courier  are 
greatly  mistaken  if  they  think  that  hy   threats  they  can  compel  the  readers 
to  read  their  paper.  The  great  masses  of  advanced  men  and  women  of  Chicago 
do  not  recognize  the  Courier  and  longer;  they  have  now  their  own  "World*" 

The  publishers  of  the  World,  the  labor  organizations  of  Chicago,  are  highly 
pleased  that  the  paper  received  such  enthusiastic  reception  from  all  strata 
of  the  masses.  The  contrivances  of  the  Courier  will  not  help*  Fate  deter- 
mined that  the  World  shall  replace  the  Courier  for  the  Jewish  masses  of 
Chicago*  The  advanced  laboring  masses  have  now  their  own  periodical* 

II  B  2  d  (1)  JBWISH 


WPA  (ILL)  PROj.  30276 
!ghe  World,  Octoter  15,  1917# 


The  old  revolutionary  melody  that  once  inspired  and  carried  the  armies 
of  liherty  to  the  great  triunqph  over  the  Bastille,  the  "Ifarsellaise,^  with 
the  song  of  the  revolution,  the  "International,**  is  announcing  the  glad 
tidings,  Saturday  evening,  that  a  new  ''World*'  was  bom;  that  the  Jewish 
workers  of  Chicago  have  finally  found  their  "World;"  that  the  local 
organized  working  class  has  finally  succeeded  in  establishing  its  own 
organ  -*  that  our  daily  paper  The  World  is  already  published!  Uore  than 
3tOOO  men  and  women,  representatives  from  all  branches  of  our  movement, 
filled  the  gigantic  hall  of  the  Second  Regiment  Armory  and  extended  greet- 
ings to  the  birth  of  our  daily  paper,  with  indescribable  enthusiasm^ 

Comrade  Earl  D«  Sandburg,  on  behalf  of  the  Cook  County  Socialist  Party, 
extended  greetings  by  presenting  $100  and  promising  further  support  to  the 
paper;  Professor  Scott  Hearing,  chairman  of  the  Peoples  Council,  spoke 
about  the  power  of  a  labor  press,  and  a  few  other  greetings  followed,  with 
a  donation  of  $25  from  the  Bialy stock  Branch  127 »  Workmen's  Circle*  Sev<- 
eral  copies  of  The  World  were  later  auctioned*  The  first  copy  was  bought 
for  $23*  The  auction  sale  cleared  a  total  of  $1^* 

-  < 



II  B  g  d  (1) 

I  E 
I  H 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30275 

The  World.  October  14,  1917, 

The  organized  Jewish  working  olass  is  the  publisher  of  the  Daily  World* 

It  will  be  the  paper  of  the  Jewish  masses.  It  is  published  with  their  help 

and  for  their  interests* 

The  labor  organizations  struggle  for  the  abolition  of  capitalism  and  for  the 
reoonst ruction  of  a  social  system  in  which  every  aant  irlthoat  discrimination 
on  ground  of  rellglont  race  or  sex*«e« shall  receive  the  full  fruits  of  his 

The  principle  task  of  the  World  shall  therefore  be  to  help  the  Jewish  Masses 
In  the  struggle  for  a  better  standard  of  living*  It  will  honestly  enlighten 
them  on  all  problems  of  the  day  and  on  the  views  and  demands  of  the  organized 
working  class;  the  trade  unions;  the  Socialist  Party;  the  Workmen's  Circle 
and  the  Cooperative  movement* 

^  ^  i 

II   B  2  d  (1)  '     -2-  JEWISH 


I  H  ^p;^  (ILL,)  PROj.  30275 

The  World.   October  14,  1917. 


The  Worldt  is  above  all,  interested  in  the  life  of  Chicago*  It  will  devote 
a  greater  part  of  its  oolumns  to  the  local  Jewish  and  general  welfare*   It 
will  not  only  be  limited  to  labor  problems*  It  will  also  disclose  to  Chicago 
Jewry  the  defects  and  the  necessary  improvements  in  the  children's  eduoationt 
the  conduct  of  the  public  institutions  and  every  thing  else  pertaining  to 
social  life* 

The  World  is  not  interested  in  fooling  the  public  nor  in  flattering  it*  Its 
news  will  be  compiled  honestly  and  will  give  a  clear  picture  of  actual  life* 

The  World  will  not  only  supply  its  readers  with  dry  facts,  but  also  with 
an  explanation  of  the  facts*  It  will  illuminate  them  with  the  beacon  light 
of  the  ideology  of  Socialism*  It  shall  enlighten  them  with  editorials  and 
articles  in  which  the  events  of  life  shall  be  discussed  from  the  standpoint 
of  the  organised  working  class* 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -3-  JEVflSH 

I  E 

I  H 

WPA  (ILL)  PROj.  30276 
The  World,  Ooto  er  14,  1917* 

The  World  will  furnish  its  readers  with  popular  scientific  articles  on  the 
nature  of  mankindf  countries  and  races;  easily  comprehended  articles  on 
hygiene  and  health  of  the  individual  as  well  as  the  whole  of  society;  it  shall 
also  devote  much  space  to  art  and  literature;  good  novelSit  instruction  and 
poems;  through  which*  it  shall  enrich  the  minds  and  ennoble  the  sentiment  of 
its  readers* 


In  order  that  it  may  be  in  a  condition  to  fulfill  its  task,  the  World  shall 
have  the  following  sections: 

NewSf  Jewish  and  general,  domestic  and  foreign,  espeoially  of  the  laboring 
masses*  S  ditorials  and  articles*  Consideration  on  the  most  important  pro- 
blems of  life,  which  shall  interest  every  reader* 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -4-  JSY/ISH 

I  E 

I  H 

WPA  (ILL)  PROj. 30275 
The  World.  October,  14,  1917. 

Sooiali8m«   (l)  The  teachings  of  the  sooialist  theory,  its  history  and 
derelopaent*   (2)  Contributions,  reports  and  news  of  the  S.  P«,  Jewish 
Socialist  Federationt  and  of  the  Socialist  Movement  in  general,  domestic  and 
foreign.  (3)  A  weekly  survey  of  the  socialist  press  from  all  currents* 


Trade  Unionism*  (l)  Popular  articles  on  trade-unions  written  by  well  known 
labor  leaders*  (2)  Communications  and  reports  from  the  local  labor  organi- 
sations* (3)  Correspondence  and  news  of  the  labor  movement  in  the  United 
States  and  all  other  countries*  (4)  A  weekly  survey  of  the  Jewish  press  and 
other  languages. 

Periodicals  and  Magazines,  (l)  A  survey  of  the  Jewish  papers:  The  readers  of 
*he  World  shall  be  informed  with  the  problems  dealt  with  there,  what  opinions 
are  being  voiced  and  the  opinion  of  the  Daily  World*   (2)  Everj/^thing  that 
the  Non- Jewish  papers  speak  about  the  Jews,  aboutthe  workers,  about  socialism 
and  about  other  things  which  should  interest  the  readers  of  the  Worlds 

II   B  2  d  (1) 
I  E 
I  H 



WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30276 

The  World.  October  14,  1917 

Correspondenoe  from  United  States  and  other  countries*  5elles  LettreSt 
novels,  essays,  poems,  feuilletons,  and  humor* 

Critquet  Criticism  on  literature  and  art*  Review  of  books  In  various  lang- 
uages, especially  on  such  books  which  are  written  In  Yiddish  or  have  a  Jew- 
ish or  social  content* 

Scientific  Division*   Hygiene,  (health,  cleanlinaee),  astronomy,  biography^ 
history  and  so  forth* 

/  Peoples  Voice.  Every  reader  may  contribute  to  this  colu?Tin,  his  or  her  opinion 
on  any  problem,  which  the  rules  permit  to  publish* 


Social  Life*  The  editor  will  accept,  in  this  column,  short  announcements  on 
social  activities  and  public  gatherings^ 

^'  t 

II   B  2  d  (1)  -6-  JEWISH 

IE  ^ 

^  ^  WPA  (ILL.)  PROJ.  3027b 

The  World.   OotoTDer  14,   1917. 

Almanao*  ConTentlons  and  speaohes  of  every  day» 


Letter  Box*  In  this  section,  the  World  will  answer  all  questions  submitted  by 
its  readers* 

These  are  the  main  features  of  the  program  of  The  Worlds  Now,  we  will  not 
promise  anything  else,  but  we  can  assure  our  readers  that  we  shall  always 
attempt  to  improve  the  contents  stnd  to  bring  The  fforld,  to  the  standard  to 
which  we  strive* 

E  ditorship 

(This  is  the  first  edition  of  the  World  ^ 




II  B  2  d  (1)  JICVISH     g. 


The  Sentinel,  Volumes  23-24.  'Teek  of  October  27,  1916.   Page  2A.  ^  > 

Peter  Boyarsky,  who  occupied  p.  leading  place  in  the  field  of  Jev/ish 
iournalism  under  the  nen  name  of  "Ikele  Mazik,**  died  on  October  20 •  He 
was  born  in  Grodo,  Russia  51  years  ago,  and  came  to  Chicago  from  New  York.^ 
Shortly  after  his  arrival  here,  he  started  the  Jewish  Daily  Courier  and 
for  13  years,  was  its  editor. 

II  B  2   d   (1) 


I  3  3  a 

I  3  3  b  Daily  Jo\;ish  Courier,  Sept.   15,   1915. 

TEE]  ::e:I3L  of  lite 

start  in;:  next  Sunday,  the  editorial  off  ico  of  the  Courier  will  feature  a 
nev;  colui.m  for  its  readers  entitled:   "The  ..11061  of  Life".  Cur  readers 

thenselves  v;ill  be  the  sole  contributors  to  this  coluinn,  its  editors,  if  ^ 

you  will,  because  all  v;ell-v;ritten  hurnan  interest  stories  \rLll   be  ■!')rinted  5 

there.  Tliis  column  will  be  an  honest  reflection  of  life;  one  can  ercpect  >ci 

to  find  joy,  as  vrell  as  sorrox;,  depicted  there.  p 

"Je  ;vish  to  take  this  opportiinity  to  speak  briefly  about  /^the  vicissitudes  o 
ofT"  life.  Life  has  been  likened  \into  a  r;heel.  Life  does  not  remain  static  ^ 
any  inore  than  a  wheel  does.  It  /life/  is  constantly  inoving  and  chanc^ing.  S 
IlYer3rthing  that  happens  is  iiomentarj',  and  soon  disappears.  Other  incidents  en 
take  their  place;  these  also  are  subject  to  change  by  still  other  events^ 
Tlie  life  of  an  individual  is  like  a  v/heel;  its  spokes  are  the  joy  and  sor- 
rov;,  the  hope  and  disappointment,  the  love  and  hate,  the  belief  and  despair 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JI.;iSil 

I  3  3  a 

I  B  5  b  Daily  Jewish  Courier >  Sept.  15,  1916. 

/y/hich  he  e:q)eriences7'»  Thousands  of  voices  call  upon  inan  to  enjoy  his 
life.  The  sun  shines  brightly  upon  hin.  :J1   of  his  energy  is  avjakened. 
His  soul  is  filled  vath  joy,  and  melodies  of  love  ring  in  his  ears.  From 
thousands  of  ivonen,  a  mn  selects  but  one  and  vice  versa. 

Wiien  a  couple  marry,  who  are  as  happy  as  the^T-?  'The  vjorld  appears  to  be  a 
paradise  to  both  the  husb  .nd  and  vdfe.  xJ.1  difficulties  are  minimized.        -^ 
They  cannot  believe  that  they  will  ever  have  to  boar  a  heavy  burden.  F 

But  life  is  not  what  it  appears  to  be  in  one*s  dreams.  V/hen  the  wheel  o 

/itfel  begins  to  turn,  it  often  becomes  so  complex  that  it  becomes  a  dif-  •  i^ 

ficult  burden  for  man  to  endure.  Life  is  chanf^ed  into  a  v:ell  of  tears,  an  S 

abyss  of  profound  suffering.  ^ 

llany  j^^ears  after  marriage,  when  a  man  and  xdfe  have  brought  children  into 
the  vx)rld;  v/hen  they  have  become  accustomed  to  each  other,  the  wheel  of 

II  B  3  d  (1)  -  3  -  ic:nsH 

I  3  3  a 

I  3  3  b  Daily  Jev/ish  Courier,  3ept.  15,  1916. 

life  begins  to  spin.  Occasionally  a  serpent  coi:ies  betv/een  them,  in  the 
form  of  an  intrigante,  and  a  quiet,  peaceful  family  life  is  shattered. 
Both  the  Tiian  and  woman  begin  to  look  at  each  other  i;ryly.  This  arouses 
hatred  in  then^  which  poisons  their  souls,  or  jealousy,  ivhich  disturbs  their 
consciences,  /md  their  peaceful  life  becomes  an  unbearable  hell» 


iind  what  about  unfortunate  love  affairs?  These  also  v/ill  iiave  their  place      ^ 
in  the  "Viheel  of  Life".  There  v;as  a  time  v/hen  an  unfortunate  girl,  for-        C 
saken  and  uncared-for,  v;hose  heart  v:as  broken,  and  v;hose  life  vjas  ruined,       ^ 
vias   the  sole  ideal  of  some  young  man.  ^t  least,  tliat  is  v/hat  the  girl  thought.  2 
Her  path  in  life  v:as  covered  with  roses  and  blossoios.  The  perfuiied  air  ex-     ^ 
haled  a  fragrant  aroma  all  around  her.  Ecstasy  pursued  her  and  good  fortune    C3 
smiled  upon  her.  irno  else  could  attain  such  happiness?  She  would  call  her 
loved  one,  "m^'-  happiness,"  "my  treasure,"  "my  friend,"  "my  soul."  \Iho   said 
that  the  v/orld  vns  bad,  or  that  life  vjas  horrible?  Probably  they  v;ere  peo- 
ple who  had  never  been  in  love.  This  is  what  the  innocent  girl  thought.  She 
did  not  realize  that  the  wheel  was  constantly  spinning.  She  was  duped  by 

II  B  2  d  (1)                    -4-                         J^;/ISII 
I  3  3  a  

I  B  3  b  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Sept.  15,  1916. 

her  Sv^reetneart*  Her  lover  v-'as  untrue  to  her*  \Ihen  he  vasn't  v/ith  her, 
he  was  unfaithful  to  her.  ;uid  at  a  time  v/hen  he  had  pronised  to  be 
eternally  faithful,  v;hen  he  took  her  in  his  arns,  he  was  either  think- 
ing of  someone  else  or  he  vjas  only  satisfying  his  physical  desires*  iind 
when  she  realized  the  truth,  she  felt  bitterly  defeated*  She  vx)uld  cry, 
and  mumur,  despondently,  "'./hy  am  I  so  unfortunate?  \Jhy  vjas  I  bom  into 
this  \7orld?  \[hy   is  fate  so  horrible,  why  am  I  tortured?**  p: 

A  shadowy  cloud  covers  the  life  of  this  young  soul*  She  strikes  the  § 

chords  of  lamentation  and  despair  on  the  harp  of  life*  Tears  stream  from  ^ 

her  eyes  and  her  soul  is  enveloped  in  sadness*  It  seems  as  though  she  S 

can  never  again  attain  peace,  and  she  despairs  of  finding  love  and  fortune.  ^ 

Even  among  elderly  people,  those  v;ho  have  passed  their  youth,  and  have 
lived  through  all  the  liopes  and  disappointments,  all  the  joys  and  sorrows 
of  youthful  love— even  among  these  people,  changes  take  place*  Each  time 

II  3  2  d  (1)  -  5  -  Jir^/ISH 

I  B  3  a 

I  B  3  b  Daily  Jexvisli  Courier >  Sept.  15,  1916. 

that  fate  spins  the  v;heel,  the  poor  suddenly  become  rich  and  the  rich, 
poor;  the  hope  of  receiving  liap:;^iness  fron  children  is  shattered  by  the 
bitter  realization  tliat  children  can  also  bring  crief  and  trouble  to 
their  parents.  Parents  face  many  hardships  v;hen  they  raise  children. 

They  v;ork  constantly  in  order  to  make  their  c/.ildren*s  lives  comfortable.  :^ 

Tliey  give  them  an  education  and  teach  then  either  a  trade  or  a  profession.  ^ 

z^re  the  burdens  of  life  too  heavy  for  a  father  or  nother?  IIoI  Tliey  carry  ~ 

their  burdens  jo^/fully,  disrenardin^T  their  v-^i^ht.  But  the  ar-ed  nother  C 

and  father  trust  that  their  cliildrcn  v;ill  respect  then  and  repa^/  them  for  ^ 

the  hardships  they  have  endured.  But  ^reat  disappoiiitnents  often  occur.  2 

The  v/heel  of  life,  X7hich  is  constantly  opinnin^:,  turns  and  the  liappiness  oo 

of  parents  is  shattered  v;hen  their  children  icnore  then.  The  parents  of  § 

such  cliildren  are  brokenhearted  because  the  latter  are  ungrateful.  ^ 

Such  events  cp  on  without  stoppinr;.  ,.ho  can  enunorate  and  count  so  many? 
These  incidents  v:ill  be  reflected  in  the  nev;  column,  ^'Tlie  ..heel  of  life," 
vmich  v;ill  becin  next  Sunday  in  the  Je.ash  Courier. 

II  3 


-3     o 

1    si 


3  b 


*)  -J  dH  JL'^l^^ 

13aily  Jevrish  Courier,   Jept.    lij,   1916. 

The  readers  of   the  Courier  v:ill  be  tlio  autliorn  -^nd  editors  of  this  coliLin, 
and  everybody  v. ill  be   ^:iven  a  cliance  to  record  liis  or  her  eicperiences. 
I^ach  villi  receive  an  appropriate  ansv;er  to  all  questions. 



II  B  2  d  (1) 


WP/^  {ilL.;  PRuJ,  30276 

The  Dally  Jewish  Labor  V/orld,  April  28,  1916. 


A  oonferenoe  was  held  Wednesday  night  in  reference  to  a  local  dally  publl- 
cation,  and  the  following  resolutions  have  been  adopted: 

To  recommend  Comrade  Lltvak  as  editor  of  the  daily  paper,  to  the  publisher  of 
the  Jewish  Labor  '.Vorld;  to  Inform  the  workers  that  the  Daily  Labor  World  will 
have  its  first  appearance  on  Labor  Day,  Monday  September  1;  to  raise  a  fund  of 
two  thousand  dollars  by  Labor  Day;  to  immediately  send  an  appeal  to  all  Workmen's 
Circle  branches  and  trade  unions  in  the  country  for  the  Dally;  and  to  inform 
the  Forward  not  to  come  to  Chicago  to  publish  a  local  newspaper;  and  to  or- 
gguiize  a  large  publishing  association* 

It  was  also  determined  that  this  conference  shall  hold  its  meetings  every 
Second  and  Fourth  Sunday  morning  at  1125  Blue  Island  Avenue. 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -2-  JP^TISH 

The  Daily  Jewish  Labor  :7orld,  April  88,  1916.  ^^'  ^'^-^  ^^Oj. 3027b 

Tv/elve  new  organizations  have  joined  the  conference  making  fifty-five  organi- 
zations represented  and  all  the  delegates  are  full  of  enthusiasm  for  the  v/ork 
of  raising  funds  for  the  dailynewspaper#  All  organizations  appoint  delegates 
for  the  next  confarencet  Sunday  morning  May  14 • 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

II  B  2  d  13) 

III  B  2 



Daily  Jewish  Courier^  June  22,  1914* 
THE  NE;/  JE'WSH  directory  IN  CHICAGO  • 

Mr*  !♦  M»  ffolfaon's  Chicago's  Jewiah  Direct orvt  for  the  Jewish  Year  5675, 
is  now  ready  for  publication  and  distribution.  It  has  been  augmented, 
and  now  wii;.  contain  names  of  many  Jewish  organizations,  lodges,  rereins, 
unions,  synagogues,  etc.,  of  men  and  women  in  the  Chicago  suburbs,  not 
listed  in  last  year's  directory.  This  directory  is  to  be  forwarded  to 
the  Daily  Jewish  Courier  for  its  immediate  publication. 

Even  among  those  organizations  mentioned  in  the  older  directories,  there 
have  been  Mooiy  changes  in  the  names  of  officers,  etc.,  and  hence  we  are 
including  each  and  every  organization  with  names  of  the  new  officers  and 
their  addresses* 

II  B  2  d   (1) 

I  C 


Daily  Jewish  Courier.  Liar.   23,   1914. 


Among  the  nian:^  nev/spapers  expecially  the  i\nglo-Jev/ish  weekly  periodicals, 
which  deluge  a  newspaper  office  and  v;hich  a  journalist  is  subject  to  pe- 
ruse, we  have  found  this  v/eek  the  Sentinel»  This  weekly  periodical,  v/hich 
is  published  in  Chicago,  is  new  to  us. 

IVhen  opening  this  periodical,  with  the  usual  yawn  which  a  writer  is  v/ont  to 
give  v;hen  he  is  about  to  look  through  the  large  stack  of  papers  and  journals, 
we  become  intensely  interested  in  it.  V/e  immediately  notice  that  the 
Sentinel  is  somewhat  different  from  all  other  Anglo- Jewish  v/eekly  journals.  It 
is  a  novelty  in  the  i\nglo- Jewish  newspaper  world. 

V/e  have  in  mind  the  literary  side  of  this  journal.  The  nev/s  items  are  treated 
much  the  same  as  in  all  other  periodicals.  As  far  as  obituary  notices  or 
social  announcements  are  concerned,  the  Sentinel  is  no  exception  to  the  rule. 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -2-  J^V:iSH 


I  C  Daily  Jev/ish  Courier >  Liar.  23,  1914. 

Naturally,  the  Anglo- Jewish  periodicals  are  organs  of  the  editors.  Most 
of  the  editors  of  the  Anglo-Jewish  periodicals  are  rabbis,  /uid  in  most 
cases  the  rabbis*  articles  are  merely  a  repetition  of  their  sermons. 
Therefore  most  editorials  appearing  in  the  /inglo- Jewish  newspapers  are 
along  religious  lines  and  not  secular. 

The  Sentinel  is  distinguished  from  all  other  newspapers  because  its  edito- 
rials do  not  only  correspond  with  but  are  rather  diametrically  opposed  to  the 
views  of  tho  editor.  In  this  respect,  the  Sentinel  is  almost  like  the  daily 
Jewish  newspai)ers.  ITie  editor  of  the  Sentinel  is  Rabbi  ..braham  Hirschberg, 
a  Jev;  uuo   "believes"  that  every  Jev;  who  is  a  Zionist  ought  to  be  deported 
from  America.  Yet  the  Sentinel  is  adorned  with  the  Star  of  David  and  its 
associate  editors  are  constantly  disseminating  the  principles  of  Zionism. 

Upon  looking  at  the  Sentinel,  ,.ith  the  Star  of  David  and  Rabbi  Hirschberg 
as  editor,  all  this  caused  us  to  cease"  yawning. 

II  B  2  d  (1) 
II  B  2  d  (2) 

American  Jewish  Year  Book,  1916-17  -  Pg*  272-273 


New  Jewish  Periodicals  -  Chicago  o 

Jewish  Provision  Dealer ♦  Yiddish-English*  Weekly.  First  issue,  November  12,  ^15. 

Unser  Wort.  Yiddish.  Monthly.  First  issue  September,  1915.  Organ  of  Jewish  - 
Socialist  -T^rritorialist  Labor  Party  of  America. 

Yiddish  Art  Companion.  Monthly.  First  issue  January  7,  1916.  Established  as 

Zion  Messenger.  English.  Monthly.  First  issue  September,  1915.  Official 
organ  Knights  of  Zion  during  19th  annual  convention. 

Bnai  Brith  News,  1228  Tribune  Building,  Chicago.  Monthly.  Established  1908 
P.  329. 

The  Chicago  Israelite,  440  S.  Dearborn.  Weekly.  Est.  1885.  P.  329. 

The  Daily  Jewish  Callt  1107  S.  Halsted  St.  Yiddish.  Daily.  Established  1900  as 
•T)er  Taglicher  Yiddesher  Kol**.  P.  329.  (See  also  Sunday  Jewish  Call.) 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (2)  4 

American  Jewish  Year  Book,  1916-17  -  Pg*  272-273  ^ 

Daily  World t  1128  Blue  Island  Ave.,  Chicago.  Yiddish.  Daily.  Established  Oct#J27 

14,  1917.  Est*  1007  as  ••Jewish  Labor  World***  P.  329.  -tj 

Observer,  1258  W*  Taylor,  Chicago,  111.  Monthly*  Established  1912.  P.  333  la 
(See  questionnaire)*  Official  Organ  of  the  Chicago  Hebrew  Institute. 


The  Reform  Advocate,  7  S*  Dearborn,  Chicago*  Weekly,  Est*  1891*  P*  333 

The  Sentinel,  14  W.  Washington,  Chicago*  Weekly*  Est*  1910*  P*  334. 

Der  Sonntag  Courier,  1214  S.  Halsted  St.  Yiddish*  Weekly.  Est.  1887*  P*  334 
Sunday  Edition  of  Der  Taglicher  Judischer  Courier. 

The  Sunday  Jewish  Call,  1107  S.  Halsted*  Yiddish*  Weekly*  Est*  1907  as  •Tjer 
Sonntag  Kol***  P*  334* 

Der  Talicher  Judischer  Courier,  1214  S.  Halsted.  Yiddish.  Daily.  Est.  1887.  P. 
334.  English  title,  •TPhe  Daily  Jewish  Courier**. 

Unser  Wort,  195  E.  Broadway,  New  York  City*  Yiddish.  Monthly*  Est.  August,  1915 
in  Chicago.  P*  335*  Organ  of  the  Jewish  Socialist-Territorialist  Labor  Party 
in  America* 

II  B  g  d  (1)  -  3  -  iBM 

II  B  2  d  (2)  *'P4 



American  Jewish  Year  Book.  1916-17  -  Pg.  272-273       y  z,^ 
Der  Yiddisher  Record,  1127  Blue  Island.  Yiddish.  Weekly.  Established  1910. 

P.  335. 

_.  ^.  .»..»--••''  -•""■  ■ 





II  B  2  d  (1)  Jg//ISH  \ 

II  B  2  d  (2) 



American  Jewish  Year  Book,  1913-14.,  pp.  414  -  420.         \^ 


3*nai  B'rith  News^  Monthly.  Established  1908.  The  Chicago  Israelite. 
Weekly.  Established  l885«   (Chicago  edition  of  the  American  Israelite). 
Jewish  Daily  Press »  Yiddish.  Established  1901.  Jewish  Press. 
Yiddish.  Daily.  Established  1888.  Jewish  Progress.  Yiddish.  Weekly. 
Established  l888.   (Weekly  edition  of  Jewish  PressTT  The  Reform 
Advocate.  Weekly.  Established  I89I.  The  Sentinel.  Weekly.  Established 
1911.  Per  Sonntag:  Courier.  Yiddish.  Weekly.  Established  I887. 
(Sunday  edition  of  Per  T&glicher  Jttdischer  Courier).  Per  Sonntag  Kol. 
Yiddish.  Weekly.  Established  I9OO.   (Sunday  edition  of  Per  Tgglicher 
Yiddisher  Kol).  Per  Taglicher  Ju&ischer  Courier.  Yiddish.   Paily. 
Established  1887*  Per.  Taglicher  Yiddisher  Kol^  Paily.  Established 
1900.  Yiddishe  Arbeiter  Welt.  Yidcish.  Weekly*  Established  I908. 
Per  Yiddisher  Record.  Yiddish.  Weekly.  Established  I9IO. 


II  B  2  d  (1)  JEWISH 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  January  1,  1913 •        YJPA  (im  pn,^ 


Although  many  Jews  of  Chicago,  adhering  to  the  class  interested  in  the 
Hebrew  language,  will  not  approve  of  everything  that  Ur.   1.   Suballsky, 
the  publisher  and  editor  of  the  Hayahudi,  stated  when  appealing  to 
Chicago  Jewry,  to  help  him  establish  a  newspaper,  printed  in  Hebrew, 
in  America,  there  will  be  many  who  will  contribute,  no  less  than  one 
dollar  to  such  a  fund  and  there  will  apparently  be  several  who  will 
contribute  an  honorable  sum. 

The  Jews  of  Chic8.go  will  not  contribute  toward  this  fund  because  of  the 
reasons  expressed  by  LIr.  Suballsky  in  his  appeal*  The  conception, 
that  the  American,  or  the  Chicago,  Jews  are  mendicants  or  parasites  be- 
cause they  aru  .satisfied  merely  with  Hebraic  newspapers  from  abroad  is 
not  only  ridiculous  but  also  very  naive*  . 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEv7ISH 

Daily  JewiBh  Jourier,  January  1,  I913.    WPA  (iLL)  FROJ. 302/5 

If  Mr*  Suballsky  will  oublish  the  Hayahudi  in  America,  and  if  he  will 
have  as  many  subscribers  as  the  European  -  Hebrew  newspapers  have  in 
America,  he  will  not  exist  very  long. 

Lovers  of  Hebrew,  nationalist ically  minded  Jews,  rabbis,  shochtim, 
cantors,  and  Zionists  have  no  more  reason  to  subscribe  and  to  render 
aid  to  an  Hebraic  newspaper  than  the  common  layman,  especially  when  the 
editor  confesses  that  his  ne'vTspaper  will  be  an  impartial  one#  The 
newspaper  will  hold  the  interests  of  nationalists,  if  the  paper  will 
be  nationalistic;  rabbis  -  if  city  publishes  biblical  liter-iture;  cantors 
-  if  it  publishes  musical  liter  ture;  it  is  not  the  language  in  which 
a  party  man  is  interested,  it  is  the  matter  which  is  being  treated. 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  3  -  JEWISH 

Daily  Jev.-ish  Courier,  January  1,  1913 •     ''^PA  (ILL.)  PROj.  30275 

It  is  neither  pitiful  nor  disgraceful  that  tv/o  million  Jews  are  unable 
to  support  a  small  Hebraic  press;  they  can  support  one  should  they  want 
to»  They  fail  in  their  support  not  on  account  of  meanness,  but  merely 
because  it  is  a  Jew,  holding  reactionary  ideas,  v/ho  appears  disguished 
in  the  word  "Kebraic  Press**  and  wants  to  impose  his  opinions  upon  the 
great  masses • 

The  reason  why  Ltr.  Suballsky  will  receive  the  support  which  he  requests  - 
and  from  the  non-Hebrew  patriots  -  is  due  to  the  fact  that  we  -^re  well 
off  materially  and  everyone  will  do  his  best  to  give  Ilr.  Suballsky,  or 
others  an  opportunity,  to  establish  and  support  an  Hebraic  newspaper ♦ 




II    B   2   d   (1) 

JFTVISK     i' 

II   3   2   d  (2) 




The  American  Jewish  Year  Book^  5673t   Septeaber  12,    1912  to  Cctoher  1,    1913.        \^ 
— •*  Edited  by  ""^ 


A  LIST   OF  JPmSH   PSRICDi::.^LS  APPEARIN(]    IN    ^E  imiTED   CTATES:      JULY   1,    1911 

TO  JUNE   30,    1912*     CHICAGO,    ILLINOIS 

3'nai  B^rlth  News>     English  I.'onthly,   Established  1908.      ( p*    263) 

Chlcar.Q  Hebrew  Institute  L^esrien^er^     En-lish  ^lonthly^      First  issue,  Koveniber, 
1909*      (p.    263) 

Organ  of  Chicago  Hebrev/  Institute,   Chicago,   Illinois. 

The   Chicago  Israelite,      English   'eekly.      Established  1354.      Chicago  edition 
of   the  American  Israelite*      (p.   263) 



II   B   2  d   (1)  -    2  -  JE-IGE        ^ 

II    B   2  d   (2) 

The  American  Jev/lsh  Year  Book.   5^73$   September  12,    1912   to  October  1,   1913.      ^^ 

Edited  by  ^^ 


Independent  Order  Free   Sons    of  Israel.     Established   1903. 
Ors^.n  of  the   Order     (p.   269) 

Jev/ish  Press.      Yiddish  Daily.      Established  1383.      (p.    270) 

Jevdsh  Proorress.      Yiddish  ^Veekly.      Established  1333.   (p.   270) 
V/eekly  edition  of  Jev/ish  Press,      (p  270) 

Jev/ish  Sentinel.      English  ".'eekly.      Established   (?)    (p.   270) 

The  Reform  Advocate.     English  ^Veekly.     Established  1391.      (p.   272) 


II  B  2  d  (1)  -  3  -  JEWISH  ^^^ 

II  B  2  d 


The  American  Jewish  Year  Book>  5673f  September  12,  1912  to  October  1,  1913* 

Edited  by 
Herbert  Friedenwald* 

Per  Sonntag  Courier ♦  Yiddish  Weekly •  Established  188? • 

English  title.  The  Sunday  Jewish  Courier t  Sunday  edition  of  Per  Taglicher 

Yiddischer  Courier >  (p>  272^ 

Per  Sonntag  Koll>  Yiddish  V/eekly*  Established  1900, 

English  title.  The  Sunday  Jewish  Call»  Sunday  edition  of  Per  Taglicher 

Yiddischer  Kol^   (p>  272) 

Per  Tagl  Icher  Yiddischer  Courier^  Yiddish  Daily •  Established  l887* 
English  title,  The  Paily  Jewish  Courier^  (p.  272) 



II  B  2  d 


II  B  2  d 


-  4  -  JEWISH 

The  American  Jewish  Year  Book,  5673f  September  12,  1912  to  October  1,  1913# 

Edited  by 
Herbert  Friedenwald, 

Per  Taglicher  Yiddischer  Kol>  Yiddish  Daily.  Established  1900. 
English  title,  The  Daily  Jewish  Call,   (p.  272) 

Yiddische  Arbeiter  Welt,  Yiddish  Weekly.  Established  I908. 

Organ  of  the  Jewish  Socialist  Publishing  Association.  English  title, 

Jewish  Labor  iVorld.  (p.  273) 

Der  Yiddischer  Record.  Yiddish  Weekly.  First  issue  March  4,  I9IO. 
English  title,  The  Jewish  Record  (p.  273). 

II  B  2  d  (1) 




The  Sentinel.  Wk.  of  April  lU,  I9II.  Vols.  1-2,  p. 2. 



West  Park  Ho*  2,  will  issue  its  first  Journal  on  April  lU,  under  the  title/v* 
Tor  Better  Haiaanity»  This  is  the  first  newspaper  to  he  published  iQr  any 
of  the  public  parks • 

!•  Albert  Aisenstadt  has  been  chosen  editor  in  chief •  Advisors  will  be 
Sidney  A*  Teller,  on  the  park,  and  C»  H«  Xnglish,  on  athletics*  There  will 
be  four  departments  -  the  literaxy,  under  Sajouel  Jacobson;  social,  under 
Xdward  Harris;  athletic,  \mder  Edward  J*  Joyce;  and  fine  arts,  under 
Isaac  E*  Sockel« 


II  B  2  d  (1) 


Jewish  Courier>  November  29 >  1910 • 

WPA  (ILL)  PROJ  J0275 

.,  THE  '.70RKER3  GHETTO 

Dr#  K.   Forenberg,  a  well  knovm  Jewish  writer  and  former  editor  of  the 
Future,  is  back  in  Chicago  to  taJce  charge  of  the  editorship  of  the 
Jewish  Workers  World»  We  hope  that  Mr»  Forenberg  will  have  better 
luck  than  he  had  in  his  last  editorship;  that  he  will  understand  this 
undertaking  to  better  advantage,  and  that  he  will  have  this  published 
in  a  workers  weekly,  7/e  mean  not  only  a  newspaper  with  Jewish  letters, 
but  a  real  Jewish  workers  newspaper*  Success  to  you,  Dr#  Forenberg, 
Resp*  ••Sochet  Ben  Harav" 

II  B  2  d  (1) 


WPA  (ILL)  PRO.  3U276 
Courier^  November  8,  1910 • 


The  New  Union  Weekly  Jewish  publication  is  beginning  to  show  up  at  the  various 
news  stands  in  the  city^  and  we  are  sure  that  it  will  be  welcome  in  every 
workers  home,  for  it  will  have  all  the  necessary  articles  written  in  reference 
to  Jewish  workers  in  the  clothing  trade  and  ladies  garment  workers. 

The  trade  union  pages  will  be  furnished  by  the  International  Garment  Workers 
Union  and  will  be  edited  by  some  of  the  best  Jewish  writers  in  America*  A 
publication  of  this  kind  is  certainly  worthy  of  the  support  of  every  one  con- 
nected with  a  union  and  to  see  that  it  should  be  read  by  all  Jewish  workers  in 
the  land. 

I      \ 


II  B  2  d  (1) 

I  P  5  •  JEWISH 

T        .     V    c.        ^        ;,       w  o        ^r.r.r.       ^™  (ILL)  PROJ,  302?S 

Jewish  Standard,  May  g,  1909, 

Mr.  Abraham  J,  Lietling,  son  of  Mr.  Liebling,  publisher  and  editor  of 
the  Jewish  Daily  Press  was  reappointed  as  a  meraher  of  the  Small  Park 
Board  Commission  for  the  ensuing  year. 

.^.  j.^'.* 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

I  B  4 



Daily  Jewish  Courier.  Dec.  27,  1908 


The  Jewish  public  of  Chicago  should  be  grateful  to  Rabbi  Shloime-Chaim  for 
his  decision  to  investigate  many  very  important  matters.  Rabbi  Shloime- 
Chaim  is  the  most  honest  and  most  Orthodox  rabbi  in  Chicago  and  in  the 
whole  world.  He  has  recently  shown  that  he  is  the  most  efficient  rabbi— 
the  most  suitable  person  to  take  charge  of  meeting  the  needs  of  all  the 
Jews  in  America,  Russia,  Poland,  Lativa,  etc*  His  uncompromising  fight 
against  intermarriage  will  go  down  in  Jewish  history  as  outstanding.  Rabbi 
Shloime-Chaim  offered  a  prize  of  $5.00  for  an  article  on  the  subject  of 
intermarriage.  This  alone  proves  his  great  deeds. 

According  to  the  Jewish  Standard,  which  is  published  by  Rabbi  Shloime- 
Chaim,  he  will,  in  the  near  future,  investigate  the  Carmel  Kosher  Sausage 
Company  and  determine  whether  it  is  controlled  by  the  Carmel  Wine  Company. 




— J 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  Jir.VISH 


IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Dec.  27,  1908. 

We  have  over  100,000  Jews  in  Chicago;  we  have  rabbis  and  she hat im — and  no 
one  ever  thought  of  establishing  this  fact.  The  scandal  is  far  greater  when 
we  consider  that  Rabbi  Simon  Harry  Album,  who  issued  a  permit  to  the  Carmel 
Kosher  Sausage  Company,  had  failed  to  establish  this  fact  but  left  it  up  to  j 
Rabbi  Shloime-Ghaiml 

Rabbi  Shloime-Chaim  also  started  to  find  out  whether  the  proprietor  of  the  \ 
Vilno  Sausage  Company  owned  the  Vienna  Sausage  Company — for  if  two  companies, 
one  kosher  and  the  other  nonkosher  are  run  bjr  the  same  proprietor  it  is  very 
doubtful  whether  the  so-called  kosher  company  is  really  kosher.  At  present 
everybody,  beginning  with  Congregation  Anshe  Smeth  and  concluding  with 
Kehillath  Anshe  Kayriv,  knows  the  distinction  between  the  vilno  and  Vienna 
Sausage  Companies. 

Rabbi  Shloime-Chaim  was  also  v/orried  about  the  ^♦tens  of  thousands  of  dollars** 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  3  -  Jg./ISH 

I  B  4 

IV  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Dec.  27,  1908, 

which  the  Courier  gets  from  various  Jewish  institutions — and  this  is  no 
trivial  matterl  Why  should  the  Courier  get  thousands  when  there  is  a  Rabbi 
Shloime-Chaim  who  is  willing  to  accept  huadreds?  After  all,  any  child  who 
knows  addition  and  subtraction  knows  that  hundreds  are  less  than  thousands. 

We  recognize  the  importance  of  these  investigations  and  we  would  like  to 
recommend  to  Rabbi  Shloime-Chaim  that  while  he  is  investigating  he  should    o 
also  investigate  who  was  the  Orthodox  rabbi  who  was  mistaken  for  a  gentile   'r^ 
because  of  the  views  he  expressed  about  Orthodoxy? — who  was  the  rabbi  who  per-r,^ 
mitted  himself  to  walk  into  a  drug  store  during  the  Day  of  Atonement  to  drink  ^ 
a  phosphate  before  he  went  to  make  his  speech?  These  are  the  things  he  should 
investigate*  The  Jews  of  Chicago  will  certainly  be  grateful  to  Rabbi  Shloime- 
Chaim  if  he  would  enlighten  them  about  these  matters — especially  v/hen  he 
requires  no  remuneration  for  his  work. 

While  speaking  of  the  Jewish  Standard  we  cannot  help  but  express  our  regret. 


II  B  2  d  (1)  -  4  -  JgrflSH 

I  B  4 

17  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Dec.  27,  1908* 

together  with  those  of  other  readers  of  the  newspaper,  that  while  the  publisher  ^ 
and  editor  were  celebrating  Hanukah  they  could  not  write  the  Jewish  news.  How-  rr 
ever,  their  consolation  lies  in  the  fact  that  next  v/eek  they  ^/the  readers/  will  p 
again  be  in  a  position  to  read  the  beautifvil  language  and  thoughtfully  composed  —' 
news  of  the  Jewish  Standard. 




II  B  2  d  (1) 

I  E 

WPA  (III.)  PROj.  30^/5 

The  Jewish  Labor  .Vorld,  October  9,  19C8* 


Last  Saturday  night  our  entire  family  of  the  Jewish  Labor  ^.Torld  assembled 
at  the  Metropolitan  Theatre  for  the  benefit  of  our  paper,  the  Jewish  Labor 
World»  ?/hen  the  audience  came,  we  noticed  that  we  have  a  big  family.   The 
theatre  was  filled  to  its  capacity,  hundreds  of  people  v/ere  turned  away« 

Tlrie  performers  did  all  in  their  power  to  make  this  benefit  a  success,  each 
actor  played  his  part  to  the  best  of  his  ability.   The  public  left  perfectly 
satisfied.   Comrades  Ziskind  ajid  Litman  held  short  talks.   A  collection  v/as 
made  to  cover  the  deficit  that  the  paper  had,  and  everybody  marched  out  of 
the  theatre  with  the  orchestra  playing  the  Marseillaise,  feeling  satisfied 
that  the  Labor  Vforld  will  continue  to  exist. 

f  ■        ■  V        .    .  .H-^wr-   T-'% -^..t^^^'^-^r^'-^v^v^^'-   '  ;'^^^^^^ 

^    r^^^  -:H' "^-fir-^  ■;  -■.'  •••,.    •^•^--.^ 
•V,.,..;    -'   ^-^:  *    ,  „  ;  .,r'     ■■  ^      -;.^Ll.-<  ^V-^ 

■         ■    ■  ■  ■  .         ■•  •_•.■";.*     A 

^    •        ■    ■  "  --"        ■  '■■*•'  ■  '^■ 

V  ■  ■  .  ■ 

*t«^-v  •  --,v-;    -■  ■.■■■■■, 

*^;"'-:--'  -v'  'V^.':  ;,'-2-''-.v-:  ^ ■ ;.  ;■: '. .■..:':  :---r-i.  -' ,      jej/tish 

.v«       ■  .  ••       » 

The  Jewish  labor  Worldt  October  9,  1908.   '    .   W^  (ILL)  PRO],3027i    ^ 

It  now  remains  to  our  oomrades  and  friends  to  take  a  little  more  interest 
in  the  Labor  World»  Eaoh  one  who  realizes  the  necessity  of  having  such  a 
weekly  papert  should  get  to  work  and  get  subscribers*  This  is  the  main- 
thing  and  easy  to  do«  V^  ^^      -   -  v;-  f 

■:'iX'-  r    ■•■ 


Eaoh  one  of  you  have  frienda  and  acquaintances  who  read  papers,  talk  it  over 

with  them,  show  them  the  importance  of  having  a  labor  paper  in  ChicagOf  then 

you  will  get  their  subscriptions,  especially  now  when  the  public  is  commencing  XtW:fh 

to  stay  more  and  more  at  home  and  read  more*  That  should 'medce  it  very  easy  ^ 

for  our  readers  to  obtain  two  thousemd  new  readers  in  a  month*    ^  vt?  : 

\  " 

A     jr-'-i,^  ^  : 

.14  •'',.--». 

v>'  .••:•■:•.  .  ^--.--v--  ,.  ^^ 

.'^/,  >■■■  '-  V:  ■'-'■■  -.  i;- 

i*-.  v---  -•*^..  -y-' ■•:.'-■•  v■r^'-■^-•- V.  ?-;-;,>•- 


3  -  jmim 

The  Jevrlsh  Labor  V.'Orld,   October  9,   1908. 

If  every  one  will  do  all  he  can,   each  one   shall  act  as  a   free,  willing, 
ap^ent  for  for  our  paper  -  for  your  paper*     This  must  be  done  without  fail, 
if  we  want  our  paper  to  exist  and  to  fulfill   its  mission* 

V/e  have  no  capital,  and  we   all   know  that  our  income   is  limited*     ITe   do  not 
have   the   income  which  any  one   of  the   capitalist   papers  have,   and  for  that 
reason,   we  appeal   to  you  again* 

Comrades,   you  must  take  more   interest  in  the   paper  than  you  heve  in  the 
past*     To  you  Socialist  organizations,  appeals  the  Jewish  Labor   '"orld* 

The  publishers  of  the  Jewish  Labor  V.orld  ask  that  you  read   our  appeal   to 
yourself,   and  act  as  your  heart  and  mind  dictates* 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

II  B  2  d  (2)  "^ 


The  American  Jewish  Year  Book»  5668 • 

September  9,  1907  to  September  25,  1908*  '\ 

Edited  by  Henrietta  Szold. 

August,  1906  to  July,  1907, 

The  Chicago  Israelite  -  English  weekly,  established  1854. 

Chicago  edition  of  The  American  Israelite,   (p.  461, ) 

Chicagoer  Wochenblatt  -  Yiddish  weekly,  established  1887, 

English  title.  The  Chicago  Weekly.  Weekly  edition  of 
Per  Taglicher  Judischer  Courier,   (p.  461).  Suspended 

Independent  Order  Free  Sons  of  Israel  -  Established  1903.   (Organ  of  the  Order) 

(p.  461). 

Jewish  Press  -  Yiddish  daily,  established  1888.   (p.  462). 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (2)  :* 

The  American  Jewish  Year  Book#  5668# 
September  9,  1907  to  September  25,  1908. 
Edited  by  Henrietta  Szold. 

The  Reform  Advocate  >  English  weekly,  established  1891#  (p.  464). 

Per  Sonntag  Courier  -  Yiddish  weekly,  established  1887,  English  title.  The 

Sunday  Jewish  Courier «   Sunday  edition  of  Per  Taglicher> 
Judischer  Courier^   Tp*  464). 

Per  Sonntag  Kol  -  Yiddish  weekly,  established  1900*  English  title.  The  Sunday 

Jewish  Call.   Sunday  edition  of  Per  Taglicher  Judischer  Kol» 

Per  Taglicher  Judischer  Courier  -  Yiddish  daily,  established  1887.  English 

title.  The  Paily  Jewish  Call,   (p.  465). 

II  B  2  Q  (.1) 
I  D  2  e.  (5) 


The  Ucrld,  July  17,  1908.  ^  ■  ■ 

The  J0v;ish  Le.bcr  Viorld  is  leinr;  published  by  workers  fcr  the  pur  jcse  cf  help- 
in.^  tc  inprcve  the  materiel  ond   spiritual  ccnditicns  ci  the  Jev;ish  v;crkers 
of*  Chica'TO  and  other  lar^::e  cities. 

As  a  labor  newspaper  struggling  for  the  v;crkers»  interests,  the  Labor  Vi^orld 
vrill  aid  end  assist  v;ith  all  her  night,  the  trade  unionist  n]C veruent ,  who s e 
aim  is  to  abolish  slavery  for  the  workers  in  the  factory  and  s?:eat  shop«  Vie 
will  help  to  enlighten  the  v;crker  as  tc  hov/  sacred  the  union  nxist  be  to  riim, 
always  -  be  it  in  time  of  p'^ace  or  in  time  of  strike;  hc\7  much  ^.is  fate  de- 
pends on  the  power  of  his  union,  depends  on  his  loyalty  and  devcticn»   In 
time  of  a  strike  or  any  ctlier  trouble  with  his  bosses,  the  worker  will  always 
find  as  a  true  friend,  a  defender  ajid  supporter  -  cur  newspaper.  V/e  will 
often  have  sections  devoted  to  litero.ture  and  art,  of  prominent  critics  sjid 
judges*  Articles  of  history  and  philosophy  and  science,  va'ituen  so  clearly 
that  sjiybody  will  be  able  to  underst&jid,  will  also  appear  in  cur  paper.   In 
short,  the  program  of  the  Jewish  Labor  V/orld  vd.ll  be  a  nev/spaper  teaching 
oocialisn,  science  end   literature. 

The  Socialist  Publishing  Association  -  publishers  of  the 

Jei/ish  Leber  V/orld. 


II  3  2  d  (1) 


Jewish  Labor  .7orld,  January  25,  1908.    y^p^  (ILL)  PROi.  30275 

All  intelligent  Jews,  orthodox  and  radical  understand  what  an  ugly  and 
harmful  effect,  the  Jewish  Courier  has  upon  the  Jewry  of  Chicago. 

For  the  time  being  the  masses  are  not  yet  familiar  with  the  character  of 
the  Courier  and  there  are  people  who  believe  that  tbe  Courier  is  a  helpful 
organ  for  the  Jewish  community.  In  order  to  show  these  orthodox  masses 
what  a  bad  bunch  of  hypocrites  are  connected  with  the  Courier  -  I  will 
write  a  few  articles* 

The  writer  of  these  lines  is  an  orthodox  Jew,  that  has  sought  and  studied 
the  methods  of  the  Courier  and  the  characters  of  its  bosses  and  its  few 
petty  writers.  I  wish  to  inform  the  Chicago  Jewish  public  what  a  dis- 
ease the  Courier  is  uoon  the  orthodox  Je\7ry» 

II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  crarnSH 

Jewish  Labor  V/orld,  January  25,  1908.      WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  3027d 

The  intelligent  Jews  of  all  parties,  who  understand  the  dangers  and  the 
falsehoods  of  the  Courier  have  no  idea  of  its  insolence.  The  boasting, 
the  nerve  of  the  Courier,  are  knovm  only  to  those  v/ho  come  into  close 
contact  with  its  gang. 

Very  often  the  Courier  brags  of  the  good  it  has  done,  but  never  did 
they  brag  as  much  as  in  the  issue  of  December  first,  where  the  braggart 
of  the  "Jewish  Labor  Ghetto**  stated,  **There  is  not  enough  money  in  the 
v/orld  to  pay  me  for  writing  anything  against  my  v/ill,  that  the  o^vner 
of  the  Courier  is  more  liberal,  more  respectable  than  is  the  Jev/ish 
Socialist  Publishing  Association,  giving  freedom  to  all  the  v/riters,  to 
write  without  censorship;  that  there  are  many  writers  in  the  Courier 
and  that  the  least  of  them  is  a  professor  in  comparison  to  the  greatest 
of  the  Jewish  Labor  iorld.**  '"' 

II  3  2  d   (1)  -  3  -  JS.;iSH 

Jewish  Labor  V/orld,   January   25 >    190 8. 

WA  (ILL)  PHOJ  30275 
iThether  the  Courier  writers  can  v/rite  as  they  please  will  be  discussed 
later*     Leanwhiie,    I  want  to  draw  the  readers'   attention  to  the   insolence 
of  the   statement  that  there  are   enough  writers   on  the   Courier  and  that 
the   least   of  them  may  be  a  professor  in  comparison  to  the  greatest   of 
the  Labor   .Vorld*      According  to  these   statements,   you  are  told  that  the 
Courier  has   2,288  writers,   but   I  will   let  you   in  on  a  secret,  the  entire 
Courier  staff   consists  of  two   ignorant   treacherous   little  anarchists, 
that   is  all  the  writers  the  Courier  has   and  no  more. 

The  Labor  World  has  a  much  larger  staff  than  the  Courier  and  publishes 
more   reaaing  matters    in  one   issue  than  the  Courier  prints   in  six 

II  3  2  d   (1)  -  4   -  JE'VISH 

Jewish  Labor  ■'/orld,   Januan'  25»   1908. 

WPA  (ILL,)  PROJ.  ?Wb 

issues.  L-ost  of  the  articles  and  sketches  printed  in  the  Courier  are 
stolen^  Original  articles  are  printed  only  when  they  can  make  a  few 
dollars  by  either  flattering  or  insulting  someone. 

The  articles  now  appearing  in  the  Courier  are  being  stolen  from  old 
European  sheets,  the  Freind^  Yud^  magazines,  etc.  The  Courier  needs 
no  good  writers,  and  no  respectable  honest  person  can  work  there. 

llr.  Zioni,  v;hom  the  Courier  brought  from  Europe  and  engaged  as  their 
editor,  barely  escaped  from  them.  The  bosses  o^   the  Courier  figured 
on  using  Lr.  Zioni  as  a  tool  to  F;xtract  more  money  from  the  Jewish 
institutions  and  politicians,  but  when  they  saw  that  he  refused  to  trans- 
form himself  into  a  tool,  they  began  to  make  things  so  miserable  that  he 
ran  away  from  the  editorial  room  before  even  supolying  himself  with  another 

II  3  2   d    (1)  -  5  -  JE^SH 

Jewish  Labor   Vorld,   January   25,    1908.  wp/^  ^j^^^  p^^^ 

The   owner  of  the  Courier  goes  to  the  synagogue  to  pray,  because   it   pays 
him  in  his  business,   yet   he  forces  all  his   wvorkers  to  work  Saturdays  which 
is   againjt  their. will,   even  Yom  Kippur,   Atonement   Da^r,  they  write  for 
the   Courier  and  the  pious  boss   knowing  this  very  well,   goes  to  the  synagogue 
and  plays       the  role  of  the  pious  Jew»     Even  the  o\'^Tier's   only   son  is 
forced  by  his  father  to  work  on  Saturdays • 

This  article   is   v/ritten  to    inform  the  Jewish   institutions  and  the   entire 
Jewry  of  Chicago  the  true   colors   of  their  representatives    in  the  press. 


II  B  2  d  (1) 



The  Heform  Advocate,  Vol*33,Wk.  of  Mar.  l6tl907f  P.U^.        % 



She  Jewish  Standard^  a  new  weekly  publication,  has  Joined  the  ranks 
of  the  Chicago  Jewish  press »  Julius  Bappaport  is  the  Editor* 



II  B  2  d  (1) 


The  American  Jewish  Year  Book»  5666 •  -y 

September  30,  I905,  to  September  I9,  I906.  < 

Edited  by  Qyrus  Adler  and  Henrietta  Szold. 


August  1905.   In  Chicago,  Illinois. 

Per  Amerikaner  -  Yiddish  and  English  weekly.  Established,  I90U.  (P.  ISl) . 

The  Chicago  Israelite  -  English  weel-ly.  Established  1S5^.   Chicago  edition  of 

The  American  Israelite.  (P»  1S2). 

Chicagoer  Wochenblatt  -  Yiddish  weekly.   Established  1887.  English  title,  The 

"       Chicago  Weekly,   Weekly  edition  of  Per  Tagil cher  Judi-> 
scher  Courier.   (P.  182). 

Independent  Order  Free  Sons  of  Israel.^  Established  1903*  Organ  of  the  Order. 
^ (P.  183). 

The  Jewish  Conservator  -  English  weekly.  Established  I90U.   (P*  IS3)  • 

Jewish  Press  and  Progress  -  Yiddish  semi-weekly.  Established  1888.  Formerly 
"^  — —         Per  Blumengarten,  (P#  18U) . 


II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  -  JEWISH 

The  American  Jewish  Year  Book,  5666. 
Septemher  30,  1905,  to  Septemher  I9,  1906» 
Edited  "by  Cyrus  Adler  and  Henrietta  Szold. 

1  •:-■* 

•■     "So 


-  5 

The  Reform  Advocate >   -  English  weekly.     Established  1S91.    (P.    186)  •  03 

Per  Sonnta^  Courier  -  Yiddish  weekly^      Established  IggJ*     English  title.    The  ^ 

Sunday  Jewish  Courier,     Weekly  edition  of  Per  Ta^licher 
Judischer  Courier.    (P.    127). 

Die  Tagliche   Stimme  -  Yiddish  daily.      Established  1896.     English  title,   The 

Daily  Jewish  Call.      (P.    IS7) . 

Der  Taglicher  Judischer  Courier  -  Yiddish  Daily.      Established  I8S7.      English 

title,    The  Daily  Jewish  Courier.    (P.    187). 

Zion  Messenger  -  English  monthly.     Established  I90U.    (First  issue  in  August). 

Organ  of  the  Order  Knights  of  Zion.      (P.   187) • 

II  E  2  d  (1) 


The  American  Jewish  Year  Eook>   5663 . 
October  2,  1902,  to  September  21,  1903* 
Edited  by  Cyrus  Adler* 




In  Chicago.    (Pp.   K^g-iyi.)  o 

Per  Bliimenj^arten  -  Yiddish  weekly.  ^:i 

Chicagoer  Wochenblatt  -  Yiddish  weekly.     Weekly   edition  of  Per  Judischer  Courier. 

The  Chicago  Israelite  -  English  weekly,      Chicago  edition  of  The  American  Israelite, 

Die  Judische  Presse  -  Yiddish  daily. 

Per  Judischer  Courier  -  Yiddish  Daily,     English  title,   The  Jewish  Courier, 

Der  Judischer  Kol  -  Yiddish  daily,     English  title,   The  Daily  Jewish  Call, 

The  Reform  Advocate  -  English  weekly. 

II  B  2  d  (1) 




The  American  Jewish  Year  Book»   5662.  ^ 

Septem'ber  14,  1901,  to  October  1,  1909. 
Edited  by  Cyrus  Adler, 

In  Chicago,   (pp.  178-180.) 

Chicagoer  Wochenblatt  -  Yiddish  weekly.   Chicago  weekly  edition  of  Per  Judi- 

scher  Coxirier. 

The  Chicago  Israelite  -  English  weekly,  Chicago.   Chicago  edition  of  the 

American  Israelite. 

Per  Judi scher  Courier  -  Yiddish  daily,  Chicago.  English  title.  The  Jewish 


Per  Judi scher  Kol  -  Yiddish  daily,  Chicago.   English  title.  The  Daily  Jewish 


The  Reform  Advocate,  -  English  weekly,  Chicago. 



II  B  2  d  (1) 



The  Beform  Advocate.  Vol,21tWk*of  May  1+,1901*  Pp#368~369» 


A  new  Jargon  dally  and  weekly  \inder  the  name  of  "The  Jewish  Call"  was 
started  here  a  few  months  ago  In  the  Jewish  Settlement  on  the  Vest  Side.  Morris 
Rosenfeld,  the  celebrated  poet  of  the  Ghetto »  was  engaged  by  the  publisher  to 
assist  in  editing  the  new  paper.   He  wrote  a  number  of  editorials  and  poems  for 
the  journal.    The  name  of  Hosenfeld  and  his  poems  gained  for  "The  Jewish  Call" 
a  wide  circulation* 



II  B  2  d  (1) 


The  Heform  Advocate,  Vol. 21,  Wk.of  May  U,1901,  Pp.367— 36^^ 

The  first  Jewish  paper  published  in  Chicago  in  the  Xnglish  language 
was  the  "Occident***   It  was  started  in  the  beginning  of  the  seventies  by 
Hoffman  and  Silversmith.   Ur.  Hoffman  soon  retired  and  Mr.  Silversmith 
became  the  sole  owner.   7or  a  number  of  years  he  was  the  piiblisher  and 
editor.    Dr.  S.  Schreiber  and  Herman  Sliassof  have  also  been  editors  of 
the  '^Occident*'*    This  paper  has  been  discontinued. 






About  the  same  time  the  '^Occident'*  was  started,  there  appeared  another 
Jewish  paper^in  jargon,  under  the  title  of  **Israelitsche  Presse".   It  was 
published  on  South  Claxk  street  by  a  Mr.  N.D.  Xttelsohn.   At  intervals  an 
article  or  two  written  in  Biblical  Hebrew  would  appear  on  the  pages  of  this 
little  weekly.   This  paper  was  also  discontinued  in  a  short  time. 

y  - 

•  .  / 





•  n.v 

II  E  2   d   (1) 


The  Reform  Advocate,   I'ay  4,    1901.  WPa  (1lt\P^(n  ^r"7' 


"The  Chioagc  Isrr elite"  v;as  issued  Ly  Lee.  Vi'ise  cf  Cinoinno.ti,  publisher  of 
the  "iiinericeji  Isro.elite".  Dr.  Julius  Vase,  sen  cf  the  late  Dr.  Vi'ise,  is  licv; 
in  charge  of  this  po.per. 

II  B  2  d  (1) 



The  Occident.  April  6,  189^*  ^  >. 


Tour  newspapers  deToted  entirely  to  Judaism  are  published  In  Chicago^,   They 
are  all  Issued  weekly «     Three  are  published  In  English  and  the  fourth  Is 
issued  In  Hebrew  characters  In  the  Russian  and  Polish  dialect*     Prior  to 
1889  there  was  but  one  paper  published  In  the  city  In  the  Interest  of  Jews 
and  Judaism*     The  Occident  was  the  first  paper  to  espouse  the  cause  and  was 
started  in  1873*     ^^  Jews  then  numbered  about  20,000  in  and  about  Chicago, 
and  the  Occident  being  the  being  the  first  venture  of  its  kind  west  of  New 
Tork  Cityt  it  rapidly  acquired  a  large  clientage  «-  for  those  days*     The 
psgper  was  first.  Issued  and  edited  by  its  present  owner,  Julius  Silversmith* 
Besides  being  the  first  Jewish  pcqper  published  in  the  West,  The  Occident  was 
also  the  first  Jewish  reform  paper  to  come  into  existence  in  the  world*     The 
next  Jewish  pcqper  to  make  its  s^earance  in  Chicago  was  the  Chicago  Israel- 
ite*    This  was  founded  about  five  years  ago*     Babbl  Isaac  M*  Wise  is  the 
editor  and  the  pcqper  is  edited  in  connection  with  the  American  Israelite 
published  at  Cindnncat*     The  Israelite  is  also  in  a  measure  a  reform  paper, 
althou^  the  Rev*  Dr*  Wise  still  favors  the  Saturday  service*     Three  years 
ago  the  third  Jewish  paper,  published  in  English,  made  its  appearance  under 




II  B  2  d  (1)  -  2  •  JEWISH     '^^ 


The  Occident,  April  6,   I89U.  % 


the  title  of  the  Heform  Advocate »  Squally  as  radical  in  refom  is  the  Advocate 
as  The  Occident,  and  its  editorials  are  supplied  entirely  from  the  pen  of  its  "^ 
founder,  the  Rev«  Dr.  Sail  &•  Hirsch«  Some  few  years  ago  a  paper  called  the 
Juedische  Courier  (Jewish  Coturier)  made  its  appearance  on  the  West  Side, 
published  in  Hebrew  characters,  in  the  Bussian  and  Polish  dialect.  The  pa* 
per  was  owned  and  edited  l^r  Leon  Colotkof  for  three  years,  when  Sarasohn  and 
Son  of  Hew  York  City  bought  him  out«  The  Courier  circulates  among  the  23 1 000 
Bussian  and  Polish  Jews  of  the  city  who  speak  no  language  perfectly,  but  who 
have  a  smattering  of  Hebrew,  Bussian,  Polish  and  German.  The  Jewish  Courier 
is  issued  also  in  Hew  York  City  on  the  same  day  that  it  eqppears  in  Chicago^ 
Thursday  evening,  l^on  selling  the  Courier,  Ur.  Colotkof  immediately  started 
another  organ,  calling  his  new  venture  the  Heue  Welt  (Hew  World),  but  after 
a  year  of  hard  struggling  the  paper  went  out  of  existence;  Mr.  Colotkof  being 
convinced  that  the  Bussian  Jews  of  Chicago  and  the  West  would  not  support 
more  than  one  paper  •  the  Chicago  Becord. 


.:•  a: 

'  I-        II  B  2  d  (1) 

JEWISH   -^ 


The  Oocident,  January  13,  1893«  -tt 


Our  young  friend*  Leon  Zolotkoff ,  late  of  the  Jewish  Jargon  weekly,  oj 
Jewish  Courier «  it  seems  has  had  some  bitter  experience  with  one  Houvitz,  j 
to  whom  he  intrusted  the  management  of  his  venture^ 

The  rotter  turned  traitor,  sold  out  the  concern  and  left  Ur*  Zolotkoff 
high  and  ^ry»  But,  it  seems  that  the  Jewish  World,  a  new  Jargon  Jewish 
paper,  has  Just  appeared  with  llr*  Zolotkoff  as  editor* 

The  Sacasohn  and  Son  of  the  Courier »  will  find  it  hard  to  combat  the  new 

f-^-  r  ^ 


II  B  2  d  (1) 
I  C 



The  Occident,  November  25,  1887 • 

The  Jewish  Courier,  will  be  the  title  of  a  new  (Jargon)  Jev/ish  newspaper 
to  appear  on  or  about  December  2,  inst^,  at  422  S»  Canal  Street,  under  the 
auspices  of  Messrs.  L.  Zolotkof,  I.  Segal,  and  M.  Mintz,  and  will  be  an  or- 
gan devoted  to  politics,  literature,  and  the  sciences. 



We  understand  that  the  form  will  be  the  size  of  the  Occident   and  for  the 
present  will  consist  of  four  pages.   The  leading  object  of  the  Courier  will 
be  to  inform  the  Russian-Polish  citizens  of  country  who  are  as  yet  unacc uainted 
with  the  English  language  in  reg«  rd  to  the  history,  customs,  laws  and  political 
systems  of  our  country  in  the  Jargon  and  thus  educate  this  foreign  element  in 
all  that  relates  to  the  United  States.   But  aside  from  that  object»  the 
Courier  will  contain  foreign  and  domestic  news  relating  to  Jews  and  Judaism* 



t.^-  J\ 


IT  B  2  d  (1) 


The  Cocident,  February  20,  1885. 

HIS  LAST  TRUMP       •       ' 

Cur  Jewish  reformed  congregations  of  Chicago,  with  their  progressive  Rabhis, 
will  now  have  to  look  to  their  honors.   The  Jev.ash  pontiff  of  Cincinnati, 
(l.  M.  Wise),  has  invented  a  new  coup  d'etat.   He  has  tr&nsferred  his  Cin- 
cinnati  I sraelite  into  a  Chicago  edition* 



II  B  2  d  (1) 


The  Occident.  May  25,  1883. 


The   Israelitische  Press  heretofore  published  in  Chicago  in  the   interest   of        '<2* 
our  Rus^o-Polish  citizens  in  their  idiomt   by  Mr.   N«   B#  Ettelsohn,    has   started    '^^ 
for  Nev .    York  City  where  he  will   continue  the  Presse  under  greater  advantages.   ^ 

/'  \ 


,  I, 

'  ■;■ 



THE  OCCIDENT.  July  8,  1881 
Exit  Jewish  Advance 


As  we  go  to  the  press  the  news  reaches  us  that  Henry  Gersem*  with 
his  Jewish  Advance  will  become  non  est  after  this  week  and  that  organ 
will  cease  to  grind.   The  gods  be  praised* 

The  editor  and  publisher,  we  heart  goes  to  St#   Louis  to  preside 
over  the  columns  of  the  Tribune*.* .. .The  little  mephist  come  neer  gobb- 
ling up  the  Occident.  The  Jewish  Advance  was  a  losing  concern  since  it 
startedf  as  Max  Stem  can  testify* 






•  -■<J 

'~if'*k.''i.^i..: ;  v«. .' 


II  B  2  d  (1) 
I  C 


The  Oocident>  April  18,  1879 

Again  we  change  the  figures  on  our  title  page  and  The  Occident  enters 
into  the  seventh  volumeof  its  existence*  This  time  we  have  reason  to 
congratulate  ourselves  that  the  precarious  life  of  our  journal  is  happily 
past  and  the  Occident  assumes  its  place  among  the  journals  of  Chicago  as 
a  firm  and  well  established  newspaper  enterprise*  We  had  hoped  that  as  a 
Jewish  theological  organ  in  its  infancet  we  might  conduct  it  with  profit 
and  advantage,  but  in  that  we  labored  under  misapprehensions*  Vve  trusted 
to  awaken  an  interest  in  our  readers  for  science  and  philosophy,  and  for 
that  effort  we  ¥rere  sadly  berated* 

We  profited  by  this  our  latest  course  to  make  the  Occident  a  purely  Jewish 
Society  organ---Prom  every  section  of  the  Union  and  even  from  great  lot- 
ham*   The  news  is  portrayed  throusrh  these  columns*   From  that  auspicious 
moment  on,  our  subscription  rose  to  a  respectable  list  of  names,  and  the 
Occident  is  now  read  by  Young  Israel  in  Washington  Terr,  as  well  as  in  wilds 
of  Minnesota  to  the  States  bordering  along  the  Gulf  of  Mexico* 


I  JW  -II" 

,      S      '-■      '.    \'    '■■■■'■■■  ■ 

'^    •;■'■->--•  ..^A-    .    ■■.■■■ 

■  ■"■■  •'  ■^%^^;'':^> 



f        t^'--'             ■            '                     -                              '              ■ 

^^^Hr'7' ' 

^                                                                                          '            S.         '             ■; 


B.  Avocational  and  Intellectual 
2.  Intellectual 
d*  Publications 
(2)  Periodicals 


t  .!- 

■-.-   f 

... . .,-.  ■^■^!..-Jlii:^^,>^.  ^^^^^.  ....^  >::... 




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Afcj;->,^,...j^i^,-.  ,-:^.^j,.,v^;-"/.>:j,  .■:..ii.Aj.f.;  >a 

II  B  2  d  (2)  J:::.iisii 

17  Pail/  Je\7ish  Courier,   j^\Ji[:.    6,   1922* 

Jp:;i  iLJBiuj  i^xGA^iiw  III  c;iiia.Go7 


Dr.  3.  r..  IJelaned 

I  have  before  i:ie  the  first  issue  of  the  HebreT/  najazine  Barkai  (Loriiing  3tar) , 

a  four-pu^e  pcx...phlet,  ordinary  size,  prir.ted  in  Ghioaso.  There  is  a  "Declaration  ^ 

of  Policy"  on  the  front  pa^^e,  which  "Declaration"  says:  "If  v;e  v/ill  it,  there  5 

can  be  a  daily  Hebrev;  newspaper  in  Chicaco".  I  look  at  the  barorieter  (sic)  and  ^^ 

see  that  it  is  only  ei(:hty-fivG,  so  that  it  is  not  the  hoj.t  of  the  sun  that  f^ 

has  affected  i.iy  mind,  A  d:iily  Hebrev;  nev/spaper  in  Chica;^o  i;here  there  are  about  ^ 

three  and  one-half  dozen  Hebraists — I  wonder  hov/  the  Jov;3  can  be  so  innocent  and  g 

In  the  magazine  there  is  a  translation  of  the  proclaiiiation  issued  hy   the  ^ionist  Sn 
leaders  of  Chicago,  which  \/as  published  a  few  days  ago  in  the  Courier*  The  Kebrev/ 
translation  was  done  in  the  office  of  the  Barkai.  The  translator  is  perhaps  a 
very  fine  i:ian,  but  he  does  not  'mow  Hobrex;,  The  tern  ^rLea.i^ue  of  hations"  is  in- 
correctly translated.  The  sentence  "open  the  (iates  of  Palestine"  is  incorrectly 

II  3  2  d  (2)  -  2  -  Ji:.;iSH 

Daily  Jev/lsh  Courier,  Au{^.  6,  1922. 

translated.  In  r^eneral,  the  translation  './as  very  poorly  done.  The  translator 
deserves,  for  this  translation,  nine  thousand  blov/s,  but  the  author  of  the 
article  "Theodore  Herzl'*  deserves  not  nine  but  sixty  thousand  blous  because, 
while  it  is  bad  to  tall:  nonsense  in  Yiddish,  it  is  still  vjorse  to  tall:  non- 
sense in  Hebrev/. 


To  sum  up:  if  one  cannot,  if  one  does  not  understand  and  does  not  ::nov;,  one    -o 
should  not  underta-^e,  or  el^e  one  is  a  fool  froiv.  the  land  of  fools.  o 


11  B  2  d  (2) 


JTward,  April  g,   1922. 

Kew  Jewish  Journal  Pu'blished  in  Chicago. 

The  New  Star  was  published  yesterday  by  the  Verein 
Culture  Home. 


WPA  (ILL)  PROJ.  30m 

The  journal  was  registered  by  Mr . M . Kauf mann  and 
Mr.Kagan,  and  will  contain  articles  by  Meyer  Kaafmann, 
I.  Mann,  Jacob  Kagan,  A.Bruno,  7.  Bixico,  S.  Miller, 
Joseph  Kapilow,  D.  Alexander,  and  M«  Katz. 

II  B  2  d  (2)  Jll^nSH 


III  C  Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Nov.  15,  1921. 



The  East  and  "Jest  Publishing  Company,  with  offices  at  138  North  La  Salle 
Street,  has  issued  the  following  statement:  The  "iJast  and  "Jest  Publishing 
Company  aims  to  publish  a  national  Jewish  weekly  in  English  for  the  educated 
section  of  the  Jewish  population  in  America,  and  particularly  for  the  Jews 
who  do  not  read  Hebrew  or  Jewish  and  who  have  to  be  enlightened  about  our 

The  new  Jewish  weekly,  Sast  and  ;Test,  will,  like  a  mirror,  reflect  the  entire 
life  of  our  people  in  the  2:ast  and  the  v;est.  Its  platform  will  be: 

1.  To  preserve  historical  Judaism. 

2.  To  fight  for  Jewish  Solidarity. 

3.  To  enlighten  our  readers  concerning  all  national  Jewish  problems  in  all 
the  lands  of  the  Diaspora  and  in  Palestine. 

/,  ^  V!  0  J  O 

o  f.r.n    o 

II  B  2  d  (2)  -  2  -  JE?n:SH 


III  C  Daily  Jewish  Co\irier>  Nov.  15,  1921. 


4.  To  acquaint  the  educated  Jewish  groups  in  America  with  all  the  tendencies 
and  currents  in  the  life  of  our  people  and  with  the  spirit  of  the  new  Hebrew 
culture • 

5.  To  fight  against  all  the  destructive  tendencies  in  the  spiritual  life 
of  our  people. 

Dr.  S.M.  Tlelamsd  has  been  entrusted  with  the  editorship  of  the  Sast  and  Test. 
P.S.  Rudens  is  associate  editor.  The  following  will  be  the  steady  contributors 
to  the  aast  and  .Vest: 

Israel  Zangwill,  Max  Nordav,  Hakam,  Dr.  Moses  faster,  Nahum  Sokolow,  Dr.  Abraham 
Lipski,  Louis  Lipski,  Dr.  Frank  Rosenblatt,  Professor  H.  Sloninski,  Dr.  Isaak 
Ivlilner,  Dr.  M.  Berenfeld,  Dr.  Nahum  Groldman,  Dr.  Jacob  Klatzkin,  Dr.  Joseph 
KLausner,  Dr.  David  Star- Jordan,  Dr.  Abraham  Levinson. 

\  6  i'U   o 

II  B  2  d   (2) 


-  3  - 

Daily  Jewish  Coxirier,  Nov.  15,   1921. 


The  first  issue  of  East  and  West  will  appear  in  December.  VJith  the  appearance 
of  Sast  and  West,  Chicago  will  become  the  greatest  center  of  American-Jewish 

Edward  Katzinger,  presi'^ent, 
Max  Shulman,  vice-president, 
Alex  Kisenstein,  treasurer, 
David  Pollack,  secretary. 

II  B  2  d  (2)  JMISE 

II  B  2  d  (ij 

Dally  Jewish  Courier,  Sept#  20,  1921, 


There  are  seventeen  thousand  Jewish  students  in  i^merica,  and  only  a  very 
small  nunber  of  them  can  read  Yiddish  or  Hebrew;  there  are  twenty-five 
thousand  Jewish  nan  and  v;omen  with  an  academic  education,  and  only  a  amall 
nuinber  of  them  can  read  Yiddish  or  Hebrew;  there  are  also  a  large  munber  of 
intellectual  Jewish  men  and  women  who  are  unable  to  read  fiddish  or  Hebrew# 


Thero  are,  in  /imerioa,  about  thirty  Jewish  weeklies  printed  in  the  English  o 
language.  These  weekly  newspapers  serve  canmunal  and  social  pur]:'Oses,  and  ^ 
help  in  the  development  of  the  local  institutjons  cind  communities,  but  they  S 
are  not  good  reading  material  for  the  educated.  For  the  m.ost  part,  these 
Jewish  v/eeklies  are  entirely  colorless.  They  lack  outspoken  views  on 
Jov;ish  q.uestions,  because  they  wish  to  have  the  s^Tiipathy  of  both  the 
Orthodox  and  Reforr.i  Jews,  and  not  having  any  outspoken  views  on  Jewish 


n  3  2  d  (2)  -  2  -  J^iilSH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  3cpt«  20,  1921. 

problems,  they  are  only  a  {rathering  of  general  Jewish  nev/s»  They  still  cling 

to  their  old  grind  organ — by  combating  anti-Semitism — by  constantly 

complaining  that  the  anti -oaTiites  are  not  fine  people.  This  will  net 

attract  the  J3wish  intellectuals  in  ^erica  to  Jewish  work,  nor  will  the 

seventeen  tliousand  Jewish  university  students  in  ijnerica  become  more 

educated  or  more  sagacious  Jov;s»  ^ 

Many  of  the  Jewish  weeklies  in  the  Unglish  language  are  not  only  colorless,  >:::: 

but  they  are  positively  assimilative,  and  openly  preach  national  apostacy^  P 

They  are  appealing  pretentiously  to  /Americanized  Jev/s  and  to  the  Americanized  ^ 

Jewish  youth.  Just  as  the  Americanized  Jewish  youth,  and  especially  the  o 

intellectual  youth,  knows  very  little  about  Jewish  literature,  Jewish  ^ 

history,  Jevrish  ideals,  and  Jewish  life,  so  it  accepts  the  assimilative  g 

propaganda  as  the  teaching  of  American  Judaism,  and  thus  the  circle  of  cr 
assimilation  becomes  steadily  wider  and  deeper. 

There  isnH,  in  America,  a  sirgle  Jev/ish  organ  in  the  iJnglish  language  that 

II  B  2  d  (2)  -  3  -  JEWISH 

n  B  2  d  (1) 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Sept^  20,  1921. 

serves  the  interests  of  historical  Judaism ^  nor  brings  the  Americanized 
Jewish  intelligentsia  closer  to  Jewish  life  said  Jewish  worldly  thought««««« 

Merican  Jewry  is  the  only  large  Jewish  group  in  the  world  that  hasn*t  a  single 

Jewish  organ  in  the  Jewish  and  American  sense.  The  great  Jewish  daily  ^ 

newspapers  in  America  are  national  organs,  but  they  are  read  only  by  Jews  ^  | 

able  to  read  Tiddish.  A  national  organ  for  Jews  unable  to  read  Tiddish  ^. 

does  not  exist,  and  the  establishment  of  such  an  organ  is  an  absolute  p 

necessity.  Such  an  organ  is  needed  to  attract  the  Americanized  Jewish  ^ 

intelligentsia  to  Jewish  life  and  Jewish  worldly  thought,  and  is  also  S  \ 

necessary  for  the  enlightenment  of  other  people.  ^ 


When  an  American  statesman,  politicism,  or  editor  wishes  to  know  what  is  ^ 
going  on  in  the  Jewish  camp,  or  ?diat  the  Jewish  brain  thinks  about  certain 
questions,  he  is  unable  to  get  this  information  from  the  thirty  Jewish  weeklies 
because  they  are  colorless  and  devoid  of  subjects  of  interest  to  the  Jews. 

II  B  2  d  (2)  -  4  -  JEWISH 

II  B  2  d  (1) 

Daily  Jewish  Courier,  Sept.  80,  1921 ♦ 

The  English  Jews,  only  a  quarter  of  a  million  in  number,  have  three  great 
national  organs:  The  London  Jewish  Chronicle,  the  Jewish  Guardian,  and  the 
Jewish  Review ♦  The  German  Jews,  only  a  half  a  million  in  number,  have 
several  distinguished  national  org^ms  of  various  propensities,  and  even  the 
poor  Rumanian  Jews  have  a  national  organ,  but  the  iimerican  Jews  haven »t  any* 

Today,  when  the  Jewish  nation  is  living  through  such  a  hoi^ible  crisis;  ^ 

when  all  the  Jews  of  the  entire  universe  are  dependent  upon  American  Jewry,  5 

a  great  Jewish  national  organ  in  the  English  language  is  a  twofold  -r. 

necessity.  V/hen  the  rtoericanized  Jews,  who  do  not  read  Yiddish,  fulfill  p 

their  duty  to  our  people,  they  must  be  acquainted  with  the  Jewish  problems  ^ 

and  needs*  This  task — the  work  of  enlightening  the  i^ericanized  Jewish  o 

educated  classes  about  the  problems  and  needs  of  our  people,  is  that  of  a  ^ 

national  organ  in  the  English  language,  which  should  serve  the  interests  of  S 

historical  and  national  Jevny*  Such  an  organ  must  naturally  have  a  double  «^ 
function,  to  wit:   to  arouse  the  Jewish  minds  and  hearts,  and  to  fight  against 
everything  that  is  indifferent  or  disruptive  in  our  life* 

II  B  2  d  (2) 
II  3  2  d  (1) 

-  5  -  JKVISH 

«.  o  — 
Daily  Jewish  Courier.  Sept.  20,  1921. 

.__ « J   —      __      ^R   ^___  ft.      __-»A^___  1__ 

Witliout  such  an  organ,  ^erican  Jewry  must  witness  a  heavy  loss  of  its 
forces.  Ihose  who  would  participate  in  Jewish  life  stand  aloof ,  because 
they  do  not  know  anything  about  Jewishness  and  are  not  acquainted  with 
the  problems  and  needs  of  our  people • 

Such  an  organ,  onoe  established,  will  be  of  great  value,  and  will  not  be 

dependent  on  subsidies,  because  it  will  be  unique  thro